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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823111/welfare-to-work-interventions-and-their-effects-on-the-mental-and-physical-health-of-lone-parents-and-their-children
#1
REVIEW
Marcia Gibson, Hilary Thomson, Kasia Banas, Vittoria Lutje, Martin J McKee, Susan P Martin, Candida Fenton, Clare Bambra, Lyndal Bond
BACKGROUND: Lone parents in high-income countries have high rates of poverty (including in-work poverty) and poor health. Employment requirements for these parents are increasingly common. 'Welfare-to-work' (WtW) interventions involving financial sanctions and incentives, training, childcare subsidies and lifetime limits on benefit receipt have been used to support or mandate employment among lone parents. These and other interventions that affect employment and income may also affect people's health, and it is important to understand the available evidence on these effects in lone parents...
August 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819011/tp53-mutations-identify-younger-mantle-cell-lymphoma-patients-who-do-not-benefit-from-intensive-chemoimmunotherapy
#2
Christian W Eskelund, Christina Dahl, Jakob W Hansen, Maj Westman, Arne Kolstad, Lone B Pedersen, Carmen P Montano-Almendras, Simon Husby, Catja Freiburghaus, Sara Ek, Anja Pedersen, Carsten Niemann, Riikka Räty, Peter Brown, Christian H Geisler, Mette K Andersen, Per Guldberg, Mats Jerkeman, Kirsten Grønbæk
Despite recent advances in lymphoma treatment, mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) remains incurable and we are still unable to identify patients who will not benefit from the current standard-of-care. Here, we explore the prognostic value of recurrent genetic aberrations in diagnostic bone marrow (BM) specimens from 183 younger MCL patients from the Nordic MCL2 and MCL3 trials, which represent current standard-of-care regimens. In the univariate model, mutations of TP53 (11%) and NOTCH1 (4%), and deletions of TP53 (16%) and CDKN2A (20%) were significantly associated with inferior outcomes (together with MIPI, MIPI-c, Blastoid morphology and Ki67>30%); however, in multivariate analyses only TP53 mutations (HR=6...
August 17, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817815/arterial-and-venous-thrombosis-in-haemophilia-patients-experiences-from-a-danish-haemophilia-centre
#3
Julie Brogaard Larsen, Karen Bang Jin Nielsen, Lone Hvitfeldt Poulsen, Mustafa Vakur Bor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 18, 2017: Acta Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814347/early-troponin-i-in-critical-illness-and-its-association-with-hospital-mortality-a-cohort-study
#4
Annemarie B Docherty, Malcolm Sim, Joao Oliveira, Michael Adlam, Marlies Ostermann, Timothy S Walsh, John Kinsella, Nazir I Lone
BACKGROUND: Troponin I (TnI) is frequently elevated in critical illness, but its interpretation is unclear. Our primary objectives in this study were to evaluate whether TnI is associated with hospital mortality and if this association persists after adjusting for potential confounders. We also aimed to ascertain whether addition of TnI to the Acute Physiological and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) risk prediction model improves its performance in general intensive care unit (ICU) populations...
August 16, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810120/aqueous-solvation-of-ammonia-and-ammonium-probing-hydrogen-bond-motifs-with-ft-ir-and-soft-x-ray-spectroscopy
#5
Maria Ekimova, Wilson Quevedo, Lukasz Szyc, Marcella Iannuzzi, Philippe Wernet, Michael Odelius, Erik T J Nibbering
In a multi-facetted investigation combining local soft-x-ray and vibrational spectroscopic probes with ab initio molecular dynamics simulations, hydrogen-bond interactions of two key principal amine compounds in aqueous solution, ammonia (NH3) and ammonium ion (NH4+), are quantitatively assessed in terms of electronic structure, solvation structure, and dynamics. From the x-ray measurements and from the complementary determination of the IR-active hydrogen stretching and bending modes of NH3 and NH4+ in aqueous solution, the picture emerges of a comparatively strongly hydrogen-bonded NH4+ ion via N-H donating interactions, whereas NH3 has a strong accepting hydrogen bond with one water molecule at the nitrogen lone pair but only weak N-H donating hydrogen bonds...
August 15, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807978/high-sensitivity-troponin-star-player-but-no-lone-hero
#6
Richard Body
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 14, 2017: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806083/the-versatile-personality-of-beryllium-be-o2-1-2-vs-be-co-1-2
#7
Isuru R Ariyarathna, Evangelos Miliordos
To reveal the diverse chemistry of beryllium we employ multi-reference methodologies to study the ground and several excited electronic states of the titled beryllium oxides and carbonyls. The two types of complexes serve as model systems to describe the various ways that beryllium can form chemical bonds. Be(O2), its isomer OBeO, and Be(O2)2 are ionic compounds where beryllium is best represented in its Be(II) oxidation state. On the other hand, CO induces the excitation of one or two 2s electrons of beryllium to its 2p shell...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805862/lead-ii-lewis-acid-and-occasional-base-as-illustrated-by-its-complex-with-1-5-naphthalenedisulfonate-and-5-methyl-1-10-phenanthroline
#8
Jack Harrowfield, Pierre Thuéry
A crystal structure determination of the Pb(ii) coordination polymer [Pb(Mephen)(1,5-nds)(H2O)]n provides not only evidence of the common action of Pb(ii) as a Lewis acid but also clear proof of its ability, in the solid state at least, to act as a Lewis base. This action as a base is attributed to the presence of a valence shell lone pair and its identification here is further evidence for the occasional but not universally detectable influence of the lone pair on the metal ion stereochemistry.
August 14, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805853/the-activity-of-lone-pair-contributing-to-shg-response-in-bismuth-borates-a-combination-investigation-from-experiment-and-dft-calculation
#9
Cong Hu, Miriding Mutailipu, Ying Wang, Fengjiao Guo, Zhihua Yang, Shilie Pan
Second harmonic generation (SHG) response is one of the most essential properties of nonlinear optical (NLO) materials. To achieve relatively strong SHG response, a feasible strategy is to introduce stereochemically active lone pair (SCALP) cations, such as Bi(3+). NLO materials with Bi(3+) usually exhibit a huge difference in SHG response, the inner correlation between the activity of SCALP and SHG response still being unclear owing to the lack of quantization estimation of the intensity of SCALP. Based on the calculation results of density functional theory (DFT), we develop a theoretical method to compute the intensity of the Bi-6s SCALP, which could describe the stereochemical behavior and exert significantly influences on some apparent optical properties, such as SHG response...
August 14, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805742/two-new-tetravacant-organometallic-keggin-type-heteropolyoxomolybdates-supported-manganese-carbonyl-derivatives
#10
Vikram Singh, Yujiao Zhang, Linping Yang, Pengtao Ma, Dongdi Zhang, Chao Zhang, Li Yu, Jingyang Niu, Jingping Wang
Two novel heteropolyoxomolybdate [XMo₈O31](n-) (X = Ge(1) or P(2)) manganese carbonyl derivatives [(CH₃)₄N]₆H₆{Mn(II)(GeMo₈O31)[Mn(I)(CO)₃]₂}₂·12H₂O (1) and [(CH₃)₄N]₄H₆{Mn(II)(PMo₈O31)[Mn(I)(CO)₃]₂}₂·14H₂O (2), have been successfully synthesized and characterized in the solid state by single crystal X-ray diffraction, IR and thermogravimetric analysis, and in solution by UV-Vis spectroscopy and electrochemistry. The two polyoxomolybdate-based organometallic compounds 1 and 2 represent rare examples of transition metal sandwich-based polyoxometalate metal carbonyl derivatives (PMCDs), in which the organic-inorganic hybrids are composed of four Mn(CO)₃⁺ groups symmetrically occupied the tetravacant sites of dimeric heteropolyoxomolybdate {Mn₂(XMo₈O31)₂}(n-) through Mn(I)-O-Mo bonds...
August 14, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805125/utilizing-mental-health-professionals-to-help-prevent-the-next-attacks
#11
Stevan Weine, David P Eisenman, La Tina Jackson, Janni Kinsler, Chloe Polutnik
Recent high-profile cases and scientific research on lone actor terrorist attackers have indicated that there may be an association with mental illness. Simultaneously, countering violent extremism (CVE) initiatives have recently been placing more emphasis on building intervention (aka secondary prevention) programmes to address this matter, with mental health professionals possibly playing important roles in preventing lone actor terrorist attacks. Mental health professionals can contribute to intervention programmes, as practitioners and as leaders, but more so by drawing upon the threat assessment model, than because of a possible association with mental illness...
August 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803858/in-silico-investigations-of-the-functional-impact-of-kcna5-mutations-on-atrial-mechanical-dynamics
#12
Haibo Ni, Ismail Adeniran, Henggui Zhang
A recent study has identified six novel genetic variations (D322H, E48G, A305T, D469E, Y155C, P488S) in KCNA5 (encoding Kv1.5 which carries the atrial-specific ultra-rapid delayed rectifier current, IKur) in patients with early onset of lone atrial fibrillation. These mutations are distinctive, resulting in either gain-of-function (D322H, E48G, A305T) or loss-of-function (D469E, Y155C, P488S) of IKur channels. Though affecting potassium channels, they may modulate the cellular active force and therefore atrial mechanical functions, which remains to be elucidated...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803592/brain-alterations-potentially-associated-with-aggression-and-terrorism
#13
Bernhard Bogerts, Maria Schöne, Stephanie Breitschuh
A large proportion of the persons who join terrorist groups as well as lone-acting terrorists have a history of violent behavior or mental disorder that predated their becoming terrorists. This suggests that brain alterations found to occur in violent perpetrators may also be present in a significant percentage of terrorists. After a short delineation of phylogenetically old neuronal networks that are important for the generation of aggressive behavior in inconspicuous brains, this review summarizes structural and functional brain-imaging studies in violent offenders published over the last 10 years...
August 14, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801757/dft-study-of-the-interactions-between-thiophene-based-corrosion-inhibitors-and-an-fe4-cluster
#14
Duy Quang Dao, Truong Dinh Hieu, Thong Le Minh Pham, Dinh Tuan, Pham Cam Nam, Ime Bassey Obot
Understanding the physicochemical properties of corrosion inhibitors and their chemical interactions with metal surfaces is crucial to the design of improved (i.e., more efficient) corrosion inhibitors. In this work, the physicochemical properties of six thiophene-based corrosion inhibitors (2-acetylthiophene (AT), 2-formylthiophene (FT), thiophene (Th), 2-methyl-3-thiophenthiol (MTT), 2-pentylthiophene (PT), and 2-thenylthiol (TT)) were systematically studied by performing ab initio calculations at the MP2(full)/6-31G(2df,p) level of theory...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Molecular Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801451/adult-high-grade-b-cell-lymphoma-with-burkitt-lymphoma-signature-genomic-features-and-potential-therapeutic-targets
#15
Alyssa Bouska, Chengfeng Bi, Waseem Lone, Weiwei Zhang, Ambreen Kedwaii, Tayla Heavican, Cynthia M Lachel, Jiayu Yu, Roberto Ferro, Nanees Eldorghamy, Timothy C Greiner, Julie Vose, Dennis D Weisenburger, Randy D Gascoyne, Andreas Rosenwald, German Ott, Elias Campo, Lisa M Rimsza, Elaine S Jaffe, Rita M Braziel, Reiner Siebert, Rodney R Miles, Sandeep Dave, Anupama Reddy, Jan Delabie, Louis M Staudt, Joo Y Song, Timothy W McKeithan, Kai Fu, Michael Green, Wing C Chan, Javeed Iqbal
The adult high-grade B-cell lymphomas sharing molecular features with Burkitt lymphoma (BL) are highly aggressive lymphomas with poor clinical outcome. High-resolution structural and functional genomic analysis of adult Burkitt lymphoma (BL) and high-grade B-cell lymphoma with BL gene-signature (adult-mBL), revealed the MYC-ARF-p53 axis as the primary deregulated pathway. Adult-mBL had either unique or more frequent genomic aberrations (del13q14, del17p, gain8q24 and gain18q21) compared with pediatric-mBL, but shared commonly mutated genes...
August 11, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801407/the-boundaries-of-mild-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd-design-of-the-searching-clinical-copd-onset-soon-study
#16
Gonzalo Labarca, Andrea Bustamante, Gonzalo Valdivia, Rodrigo Díaz, Álvaro Huete, Paul Mac Nab, Laura Mendoza, Jaime Leppe, Carmen Lisboa, Fernando Saldías, Orlando Díaz
INTRODUCTION: Clinical onset of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the point at which the disease is first identifiable by physicians. It is a poorly defined stage which seems to include both mild spirometric and non-spirometric disease, and could be described as early grade COPD, for practical purposes. While dyspnoea; chronic bronchitis and CT imaging evidence of emphysema and airway disease may be present very early, the lone significance of dyspnoea, the most relevant symptom in COPD in identifying these individuals, has been scarcely assessed...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800821/listeria-monocytogenes-incidence-changes-and-diversity-in-some-brazilian-dairy-industries-and-retail-products
#17
Virginie Oxaran, Sarah Hwa In Lee, Luíza Toubas Chaul, Carlos Humberto Corassin, Giovana Verginia Barancelli, Virgínia Farias Alves, Carlos Augusto Fernandes de Oliveira, Lone Gram, Elaine Cristina Pereira De Martinis
Listeria monocytogenes can cause listeriosis, a severe foodborne disease. In Brazil, despite very few reported cases of listeriosis, the pathogen has been repeatedly isolated from dairies. This has led the government to implement specific legislation to reduce the hazard. Here, we determined the incidence of L. monocytogenes in five dairies and retail products in the Southeast and Midwest regions of Brazil over eight months. Of 437 samples, three samples (0.7%) from retail and only one sample (0.2%) from the dairies were positive for L...
December 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800732/the-duffy-binding-protein-pkdbp%C3%AE-ii-of-plasmodium-knowlesi-from-peninsular-malaysia-and-malaysian-borneo-show-different-binding-activity-level-to-human-erythrocytes
#18
Khai Lone Lim, Amirah Amir, Yee Ling Lau, Mun Yik Fong
BACKGROUND: The zoonotic Plasmodium knowlesi is a major cause of human malaria in Malaysia. This parasite uses the Duffy binding protein (PkDBPαII) to interact with the Duffy antigen receptor for chemokines (DARC) receptor on human and macaque erythrocytes to initiate invasion. Previous studies on P. knowlesi have reported distinct Peninsular Malaysia and Malaysian Borneo PkDBPαII haplotypes. In the present study, the differential binding activity of these haplotypes with human and macaque (Macaca fascicularis) erythrocytes was investigated...
August 11, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799588/the-vn3h-defect-in-diamond-a-quantum-mechanical-characterization
#19
Francesco Silvio Gentile, Simone Salustro, Mauro Causà, Alessandro Erba, Philippe Carbonniére, Roberto Dovesi
The VN3H defect in diamond (a vacancy surrounded by three nitrogen and one carbon atoms, the latter being saturated by a hydrogen atom) is investigated quantum-mechanically by use of a periodic supercell approach, an all-electron Gaussian-type basis set, "hybrid" functionals of density functional theory, and the Crystal program. Three fully optimized structural models (supercells containing 32, 64, and 128 atoms) are considered to investigate the effect of defect concentration. The electronic configuration of the defect is reported along with a description of its structural features...
August 11, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799520/paramilitary-provision-of-adequate-disaster-response-and-advancement-of-public-health-the-case-of-the-texas-state-guard-and-operation-lone-star
#20
Ralph Jay Johnson
OBJECTIVE: This article reports on State Defense Forces (SDFs) as tools for providing coordinated, disciplined, trained, and uniformed volunteers to augment civilian disaster response and advance public health. METHODS: This report draws on and describes the example of the Texas State Guard's Medical Brigade and its Operation Lone Star. RESULTS: Although SDFs have downsides, since they are largely self-sufficient, they are far less expensive and burdensome yet nonetheless effective alternatives...
August 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
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