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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145129/high-contamination-in-the-areas-surrounding-abandoned-mines-and-mining-activities-an-impact-assessment-of-the-dilala-luilu-and-mpingiri-rivers-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#1
Emmanuel K Atibu, Pierre Lacroix, Periyasamy Sivalingam, Nicolas Ray, Gregory Giuliani, Crispin K Mulaji, Jean-Paul Otamonga, Pius T Mpiana, Vera I Slaveykova, John Poté
Abandoned mines and mining activities constitute important sources of toxic metals and Rare Earth Elements (REEs) affecting surrounding environmental compartments and biota. This study investigates the contamination degree and distribution of toxic metals and REEs in contrasting sediment, soil and plant samples surrounding rivers in the African copperbelt area characterized by the presence of numerous abandoned mines, artisanal and industrial mining activities. ICP-MS results highlighted the highest concentration of Cu, Co and Pb in sediments reaching values of 146,801, 18,434 and 899 mg kg(-1), respectively...
October 21, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144591/is-it-time-to-abandon-care-planning-in-mental-health-services-a-qualitative-study-exploring-the-views-of-professionals-service-users-and-carers
#2
Helen L Brooks, Karina Lovell, Penny Bee, Caroline Sanders, Anne Rogers
BACKGROUND: It has been established that mental health-care planning does not adequately respond to the needs of those accessing services. Understanding the reasons for this and identifying whose needs care plans serve requires an exploration of the perspectives of service users, carers and professionals within the wider organizational context. OBJECTIVE: To explore the current operationalization of care planning and perceptions of its function within mental health services from the perspectives of multiple stakeholders...
November 16, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143957/-differences-in-non-native-resident-psychiatrists-and-native-residents-psychiatrists-in-completion-of-the-psychiatry-residency-training-programmes
#3
M Popal, J van der Velde, M Nijs, H Knegtering
A relatively small number of psychiatrists in the Netherlands have a non-Dutch origin. We suspect that resident psychiatrists who do not have Dutch as their first language are less likely than native Dutch speakers to complete the psychiatry residency training programmes.<br/> AIM: To find out how often and for what reasons resident psychiatrists do not complete the psychiatry residency training programmes. <br/> METHOD: All course coordinators in the Netherlands were asked to participate in a survey to provide information about the residents who had started but had abandoned the psychiatry residency training programmes between the years 2008 and 2015...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143817/greater-post-neolithic-wealth-disparities-in-eurasia-than-in-north-america-and-mesoamerica
#4
Timothy A Kohler, Michael E Smith, Amy Bogaard, Gary M Feinman, Christian E Peterson, Alleen Betzenhauser, Matthew Pailes, Elizabeth C Stone, Anna Marie Prentiss, Timothy J Dennehy, Laura J Ellyson, Linda M Nicholas, Ronald K Faulseit, Amy Styring, Jade Whitlam, Mattia Fochesato, Thomas A Foor, Samuel Bowles
How wealth is distributed among households provides insight into the fundamental characters of societies and the opportunities they afford for social mobility. However, economic inequality has been hard to study in ancient societies for which we do not have written records, which adds to the challenge of placing current wealth disparities into a long-term perspective. Although various archaeological proxies for wealth, such as burial goods or exotic or expensive-to-manufacture goods in household assemblages, have been proposed, the first is not clearly connected with households, and the second is confounded by abandonment mode and other factors...
November 15, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140582/abortion-knowledge-and-experiences-among-u-s-servicewomen-a-qualitative-study
#5
Kate Grindlay, Jane W Seymour, Laura Fix, Sarah Reiger, Brianna Keefe-Oates, Daniel Grossman
CONTEXT: U.S. servicewomen have a higher rate of unintended pregnancy than civilian women, yet the military does not provide or cover abortion, except in limited circumstances. Servicewomen's experiences with abortion care have received little research attention. METHODS: Twenty-one in-depth interviews with servicewomen who had had an abortion during active-duty service in the prior two years were conducted between January 2015 and July 2016. Women reported on their experiences accessing abortion, as well as their knowledge and opinions of the military's abortion policy...
November 15, 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139194/advantages-of-care-for-patients-with-hip-fractures-in-the-acute-geriatric-unit-hip-study-anoia
#6
Enric Duaso, Francesc Formiga, Patrícia Marimón, Montserrat Sandiumenge, Maria Teresa Salgado, Victor Murga, Andrés Gamboa, Carlos Rodriguez, Jaume Castellà, Enrique Escalante, Célia Lumbreras, Anna Tarrida, Ramón Sellarès
AIM: Hip fracture as a result of bone fragility is characterized by poor health outcomes in the medium and long term. Our goal was to compare a new orthogeriatric model with the old trauma model and evaluate improvements in clinical management. METHODS: We carried out a comparative unicentric study, a historical sample (trauma model) collected from 1 June 2007 to 31 May 2010, versus a prospective sample (orthogeriatric model) collected from 1 June 2010 until 31 May 2013...
November 15, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138511/intrinsic-and-extrinsic-factors-drive-ontogeny-of-early-life-at-sea-behaviour-in-a-marine-top-predator
#7
Matt I D Carter, Deborah J F Russell, Clare B Embling, Clint J Blight, David Thompson, Philip J Hosegood, Kimberley A Bennett
Young animals must learn to forage effectively to survive the transition from parental provisioning to independent feeding. Rapid development of successful foraging strategies is particularly important for capital breeders that do not receive parental guidance after weaning. The intrinsic and extrinsic drivers of variation in ontogeny of foraging are poorly understood for many species. Grey seals (Halichoerus grypus) are typical capital breeders; pups are abandoned on the natal site after a brief suckling phase, and must develop foraging skills without external input...
November 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138003/serine-threonine-protein-kinases-from-bacteria-archaea-and-eukarya-share-a-common-evolutionary-origin-deeply-rooted-in-the-tree-of-life
#8
Ivan Andreas Stancik, Martin Sebastijan Šestak, Boyang Ji, Marina Axelson-Fisk, Damjan Franjevic, Carsten Jers, Tomislav Domazet-Lošo, Ivan Mijakovic
The main family of serine/threonine/tyrosine protein kinases present in eukarya was defined and described by Hanks et al. in 1988. It was initially believed that these kinases do not exist in bacteria, but extensive genome sequencing revealed their existence in many bacteria. For historical reasons, the term "eukaryotic-type kinases" propagated in the literature to describe bacterial members of this protein family. Here, we argue that this term should be abandoned as a misnomer, and we provide several lines of evidence to support this claim...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135293/-from-the-hallervorden-spatz-eponym-to-the-molecular-terminology
#9
Ferenc Garzuly
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: A combination of Niemann-Pick- and Hallervorden-Spatz diseases led to the death of a 17-year-old boy in 1994. Genetic counseling necessitated further investigations in 2017. Meanwhile, the nomenclature of Hallervorden-Spatz disease has been abandoned. The author analyze the reasons for this change. METHOD: Professional activities of Hallervorden and Spatz during and after the Nazi euthanasia program are presented. Also, the scientific efforts that led to the discovery of the genetic background of the disease and ultimately to its new name are highlighted...
October 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134544/a-broader-phenotype-of-persistence-emerges-from-individual-differences-in-response-to-extinction
#10
Bruno Sauce, Christopher Wass, Michael Lewis, Louis D Matzel
The typical practice of averaging group performance during extinction gives the impression that responding declines gradually and homogeneously. However, previous studies of extinction in human infants have shown that some individuals persist in responding, whereas others abruptly cease responding. As predicted by theories of control, the infants who quickly resign typically display signs of sadness and despair when the expected reward is omitted. Using genetically diverse mice, here we observed a similar pattern of individual differences and the associated phenotypes...
November 13, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134165/an-innovate-robotic-endoscope-guidance-system-for-transnasal-sinus-and-skull-base-surgery-proof-of-concept
#11
D T Friedrich, F Sommer, M O Scheithauer, J Greve, T K Hoffmann, P J Schuler
Objective  Advanced transnasal sinus and skull base surgery remains a challenging discipline for head and neck surgeons. Restricted access and space for instrumentation can impede advanced interventions. Thus, we present the combination of an innovative robotic endoscope guidance system and a specific endoscope with adjustable viewing angle to facilitate transnasal surgery in a human cadaver model. Materials and Methods  The applicability of the robotic endoscope guidance system with custom foot pedal controller was tested for advanced transnasal surgery on a fresh frozen human cadaver head...
December 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132222/abandoned-to-the-strains-of-daily-life-a-qualitative-study-of-the-long-term-experiences-in-partners-to-persons-after-a-mild-to-moderate-stroke
#12
Charlotte Ytterberg, Lena von Koch, Anette Erikson
PURPOSE: To describe the experiences of everyday life over 6 years after stroke, from the perspectives of partners to persons after stroke. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Semi structured individual interviews were conducted with seven partners to persons who had had stroke. The interviews were recorded and then transcribed verbatim. The participants comprised two men and five women aged 60-82 years. The data were collected and analysed using a grounded theory approach. RESULTS: One core category Living in strained everyday circumstances and three categories Feelings of anxiety, Living a demanding day to day life, and Adjusting to a changed role emerged from the analysis...
November 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128822/a-doc-coagulant-gypsum-treatment-can-simultaneously-reduce-as-cd-and-pb-uptake-by-medicinal-plants-grown-in-contaminated-soil
#13
Hyuck Soo Kim, Byoung-Hwan Seo, Saranya Kuppusamy, Yong Bok Lee, Jae-Hwang Lee, Jae-E Yang, Gary Owens, Kwon-Rae Kim
The efficiency of gypsum, as a dissolved organic carbon (DOC) coagulator, for the simultaneous immobilization of two heavy metals (Cd and Pb) and one metalloid (As) in agricultural soils near an abandoned mining site was examined. The agricultural soil was defined as long-term contaminated as As (1540mgkg(-1)), Cd (55mgkg(-1)) and Pb (1283mgkg(-1)) concentrations exceeded the Korean guideline values for As (25mgkg(-1)), Cd (4mgkg(-1)), and Pb (200mgkg(-1)). Gypsum was incorporated into the contaminated soil at 3% (w/w)...
November 9, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127837/usage-proposal-of-a-common-urban-decorative-tree-salix-alba-l-to-monitor-the-dispersion-of-gaseous-mercury-a-case-study-from-turda-romania
#14
J M Esbrí, H Cacovean, P Higueras
Closure of chloralkali plants poses a risk of abandonment of important sources of gaseous mercury. In this work, an assessment has been made of the potential for pollution from one of these plants in the proximity of a densely populated town in central Romania. The work involved a comparison between two major types of monitoring survey: biomonitoring using leaves of a tree common in urban environments; and LUMEX-based gaseous mercury analysis. For biomonitoring, 21 samples from Salix alba L. trees were taken in Turda area...
November 4, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126451/acceleration-sensors-in-abdominal-wall-position-as-a-non-invasive-approach-to-detect-early-breathing-alterations-induced-by-intolerance-of-increased-airway-resistance
#15
Thomas Breuer, Christian S Bruells, Rolf Rossaint, Henning Steffen, Catherine Disselhorst-Klug, Michael Czaplik, Norbert Zoremba
BACKGROUND: Early detection of respiratory overload is crucial to mechanically ventilated patients, especially during phases of spontaneous breathing. Although a diversity of methods and indices has been established, there is no highly specific approach to predict respiratory failure. This study aimed to evaluate acceleration sensors in abdominal and thoracic wall positions to detect alterations in breathing excursions in a setting of gradual increasing airway resistance. METHODS: Twenty-nine healthy volunteers were committed to a standardized protocol of a two-minutes step-down spontaneous breathing on a 5 mm, 4 mm and then 3 mm orally placed endotracheal tube...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125338/providing-high-quality-care-at-the-end-of-life-the-role-of-education-and-guidance
#16
Jill Dobson
Palliative care in the UK has been ranked as the best in the world. So where did palliative care go so wrong that a 168-page document is required to inform staff how to care for dying patients if it has been going so well for so long? Those nearing the end of their life deserve to be given optimum care, attention, compassion and consideration, but this is not always the case. The Liverpool Care Pathway was a tool originally devised to help health professionals provide high-quality end-of-life care to people in the final phase of life...
November 9, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121527/the-role-of-distress-tolerance-in-the-relationship-between-cognitive-schemas-and-alcohol-problems-among-college-students
#17
Raluca M Simons, Rebecca E Sistad, Jeffrey S Simons, Jamie Hansen
INTRODUCTION: The current study tested the role of distress tolerance in the relationship between three early maladaptive cognitive schemas (Abandonment, Defectiveness/Shame, and Insufficient Self-Control) and alcohol problems among college students (N=364). Previous research suggests that maladaptive cognitive schemas may be a risk factor for alcohol-related problems. However, the mechanism underlying this association is unclear. One's tolerance for emotional distress may play an important role in understanding the nature of this association...
October 27, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120109/from-sinks-to-webs-critical-social-science-after-the-fact-value-distinction
#18
Philip S Gorski
The fact-value distinction is leaky.  The problem is not just that values can color facts.  The reverse is also true: facts are also entangled with values.  Nor is that the end of the matter. The concepts of fact and value are not epistemologically or ethically neutral either. It is time to abandon the quest for axiological neutrality in favor of systematic attention to the complex relationship between the descriptive and the normative. Instead of attempting to be neutral, social scientists should strive to combine engagement with open-mindedness...
November 2017: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119111/recent-developments-for-remediating-acidic-mine-waters-using-sulfidogenic-bacteria
#19
REVIEW
Ivan Nancucheo, José A P Bitencourt, Prafulla K Sahoo, Joner Oliveira Alves, José O Siqueira, Guilherme Oliveira
Acidic mine drainage (AMD) is regarded as a pollutant and considered as potential source of valuable metals. With diminishing metal resources and ever-increasing demand on industry, recovering AMD metals is a sustainable initiative, despite facing major challenges. AMD refers to effluents draining from abandoned mines and mine wastes usually highly acidic that contain a variety of dissolved metals (Fe, Mn, Cu, Ni, and Zn) in much greater concentration than what is found in natural water bodies. There are numerous remediation treatments including chemical (lime treatment) or biological methods (aerobic wetlands and compost bioreactors) used for metal precipitation and removal from AMD...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118337/short-term-effects-of-non-grazing-on-plants-soil-biota-and-aboveground-belowground-links-in-atlantic-mountain-grasslands
#20
Lur Epelde, Anders Lanzén, Iker Mijangos, Estibaliz Sarrionandia, Mikel Anza, Carlos Garbisu
Mountain grasslands in the Iberian Peninsula are the result of extensive grazing. However, a progressive abandonment of grazing activity is currently observed in the study region. The objective of this work was to evaluate the short-term (2 years) effects of non-grazing on the diversity and composition of plants, soil microorganisms (prokaryotes, fungi, arbuscular mycorrhiza), mesofauna, macrofauna and aboveground-belowground links, through the study of 16 grazed vs. non-grazed areas in Atlantic grasslands located in the Basque Country (Spain)...
November 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
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