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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351899/web-based-survey-application-to-collect-contextually-relevant-geographic-data-with-exposure-times-application-development-and-feasibility-testing
#1
Abby Rudolph, Karin Tobin, Jonathan Rudolph, Carl Latkin
BACKGROUND: Although studies that characterize the risk environment by linking contextual factors with individual-level data have advanced infectious disease and substance use research, there are opportunities to refine how we define relevant neighborhood exposures; this can in turn reduce the potential for exposure misclassification. For example, for those who do not inject at home, injection risk behaviors may be more influenced by the environment where they inject than where they live...
January 19, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350457/improved-outcome-at-end-of-treatment-in-the-collaborative-wilms-tumour-africa-project
#2
Trijn Israels, Vivian Paintsil, Dalida Nyirenda, Francine Kouya, Glenn Mbah Afungchwi, Peter Hesseling, Clara Tump, Gertjan Kaspers, Liz Burns, Ramandeep Singh Arora, George Chagaluka, Philippa Nana, Lorna Renner, Elizabeth Molyneux
BACKGROUND: The Collaborative Wilms Tumour (WT) Africa Project has implemented an adapted WT treatment guideline in sub-Saharan Africa as a multi-centre prospective clinical trial. A retrospective, baseline evaluation of end-of-treatment outcome was performed for a 2-year period prior to the introduction of this guideline. The collaborative project aims to reduce both treatment abandonment and death during treatment to less than 10% for improving survival. PROCEDURE: All participating centres obtained local Institutional Research Board (IRB) approval and implemented the adapted WT treatment guideline...
January 19, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349481/systematic-review-and-comparison-of-national-and-international-guidelines-on-diverticular-disease
#3
REVIEW
T Galetin, A Galetin, K-H Vestweber, A D Rink
PURPOSE: Diverticular disease is common and of increasing medical and economical importance. Various practice guidelines on diagnostic and treatment on this disease exist. We compared current guidelines on the disease in order to identify concordant and discordant recommendations. METHOD: Eleven national and international guidelines on diverticular disease published over the last 10 years have been identified by a systematic literature review on PubMed and compared in detail for 20 main and 51 subtopics...
January 18, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346319/hierarchical-discriminant-analysis
#4
Di Lu, Chuntao Ding, Jinliang Xu, Shangguang Wang
The Internet of Things (IoT) generates lots of high-dimensional sensor intelligent data. The processing of high-dimensional data (e.g., data visualization and data classification) is very difficult, so it requires excellent subspace learning algorithms to learn a latent subspace to preserve the intrinsic structure of the high-dimensional data, and abandon the least useful information in the subsequent processing. In this context, many subspace learning algorithms have been presented. However, in the process of transforming the high-dimensional data into the low-dimensional space, the huge difference between the sum of inter-class distance and the sum of intra-class distance for distinct data may cause a bias problem...
January 18, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344051/experiences-of-fathers-with-inpatient-premature-neonates-phenomenological-interpretative-analysis
#5
Tahmineh Dadkhahtehrani, Narges Eskandari, Zohre Khalajinia, Hoda Ahmari-Tehran
Background: Birth and hospitalization of premature neonates create enormous challenges for the family with serious impacts on parents' mental and emotional health. The present study was designed to explore the experiences of fathers with premature neonates hospitalized in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Materials and Methods: In this interpretative phenomenological study, data were collected using in-depth interviews guided with a semi-structured questionnaire and analyzed by interpretative phenomenological analysis...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342424/corrigendum-to-effect-of-biochar-on-the-presence-of-nutrients-and-ryegrass-growth-in-the-soil-from-an-abandoned-indigenous-coking-site-the-potential-role-of-biochar-in-the-revegetation-of-contaminated-site-sci-total-environ-601-602-2017-469-477
#6
EDITORIAL
Guixiang Zhang, Yuen Zhu, Xiaofang Guo, Zhiwang Han, Qiusheng He, Fengsong Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 13, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340492/evaluation-of-the-impact-that-the-changes-in-tuberculosis-treatment-implemented-in-brazil-in-2009-have-had-on-disease-control-in-the-country
#7
Marcelo Fouad Rabahi, José Laerte Rodrigues da Silva Júnior, Marcus Barreto Conde
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the impact that the 2009 changes in tuberculosis treatment in Brazil had on the rates of cure, tuberculosis recurrence, mortality, treatment abandonment, and multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB). METHODS: An ordinary least squares regression model was used in order to perform an interrupted time series analysis of secondary data collected from the Brazilian Tuberculosis Case Registry Database for the period between January of 2003 and December of 2014...
November 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339625/acid-production-potentials-of-massive-sulfide-minerals-and-lead-zinc-mine-tailings-a-medium-term-study
#8
Emin Ender Çelebi, Mehmet Salim Öncel, Mehmet Kobya
Weathering of sulfide minerals is a principal source of acid generation. To determine acid-forming potentials of sulfide-bearing materials, two basic approaches named static and kinetic tests are available. Static tests are short-term, and easily undertaken within a few days and in a laboratory. In contrast, kinetic tests are long-term procedures and mostly carried out on site. In this study, experiments were conducted over a medium-term period of 2 months, not as short as static tests and also not as long as kinetic tests...
January 2018: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338895/feasibility-of-total-intravenous-anesthesia-by-cardiologists-with-the-support-of-anesthesiologists-during-catheter-ablation-of-atrial-fibrillation
#9
Takanori Yamaguchi, Yusuke Shimakawa, Shinji Mitsumizo, Akira Fukui, Yuki Kawano, Toyokazu Otsubo, Yuya Takahashi, Kei Hirota, Takeshi Tsuchiya, Kenichi Eshima
BACKGROUND: The optimal methodology for sedation and anesthesia during atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation has not been well established. We assessed the feasibility of total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) by cardiologists with support from anesthesiologists during AF ablation and quality of pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) and single procedure success rate at 12 months. METHODS: TIVA was performed by cardiologists using IV propofol and fentanyl under controlled ventilation via i-gel™ without neuromuscular blocking drugs in 160 consecutive patients (80 nonparoxysmal) with no anticipated difficult airway or other severe diseases...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337877/virtual-environments-for-visualizing-structural-health-monitoring-sensor-networks-data-and-metadata
#10
Rebecca Napolitano, Anna Blyth, Branko Glisic
Visualization of sensor networks, data, and metadata is becoming one of the most pivotal aspects of the structural health monitoring (SHM) process. Without the ability to communicate efficiently and effectively between disparate groups working on a project, an SHM system can be underused, misunderstood, or even abandoned. For this reason, this work seeks to evaluate visualization techniques in the field, identify flaws in current practices, and devise a new method for visualizing and accessing SHM data and metadata in 3D...
January 16, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337595/outcome-of-extraocular-retinoblastoma-in-a-resource-limited-center-from-low-middle-income-country
#11
Gitika Pant, Nishant Verma, Archana Kumar, Vishal Pooniya, Sanjiv Kumar Gupta
Retinoblastoma (RB) is the most common ocular malignancy in children, and is managed by multimodal treatment. There is a paucity of data regarding the clinical profile and outcome of children with extraocular retinoblastoma from Low Middle Income Countries (LMIC) including India. Case records of children with newly diagnosed extraocular RB from January 2013 to August 2016 treated at our unit were analysed for clinical profile, treatment, and outcome. Over the 44 month study period, 91 children were diagnosed with RB, out of which 41 had extraocular disease...
January 16, 2018: Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336168/dementia-in-eastern-mediterranean-countries-a-systematic-review
#12
Sara Mahmoud Yaghmour, Ruth Bartlett, Tula Brannelly
Globally, there is an increase in the older population, whose lives are affected by local cultural norms. In Eastern Mediterranean countries, dementia is conventionally hidden from view with few dedicated services or recognition for diagnosis. The aim of this systematic review is to explore the limited literature on dementia and cognitive impairment among older people in Eastern Mediterranean countries to present an evaluation of current practices and to consolidate knowledge for future planning. Thirty-three studies were identified for inclusion in the review, and four themes were apparent...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335001/different-clinical-presentation-and-management-of-temporal-bone-fibrous-dysplasia-in-children
#13
REVIEW
Józef Mierzwiński, Justyna Kosowska, Justyna Tyra, Karolina Haber, Maria Drela, Dariusz Paczkowski, Paweł Burduk
BACKGROUND: Fibrous dysplasia is a slowly progressive benign fibro-osseous disorder that involves one or multiple bones with a unilateral distribution in most cases. It is a lesion of unknown etiology, uncertain pathogenesis, and diverse histopathology. Temporal bone involvement is the least frequently reported type, especially in children. We reviewed available articles regarding fibrous dysplasia with temporal bone involvement in children and added four patients aged 7 to 17 years who were diagnosed and treated in our institution from 2006 to 2017...
January 15, 2018: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334658/contextual-determinants-of-psychopathology-the-singularity-of-attachment-as-a-predictor-of-mental-dysfunction
#14
Yolanda Alonso, Javier Fernández, Yolanda Fontanil, Esteban Ezama, Alberto Gimeno
The general aim of this research is to evaluate the singular weight of attachment relationships in psychopathology, to determine the point to which these relationships cannot be subsumed by other variables that are famously related to attachment, such as experience of stressful life events, social support, and coping styles. 172 people treated in mental health centers provided data related to these four aspects and about manifestations of psychopathology. Multiple linear regression analyses determined that 51% of the variance in the level of symptomatology is explained with six variables: two related to adult attachment (fear of rejection and abandonment in romantic relationships, and the degree of similarity to the fearful prototype), one related to social support (family appreciation), one to life events (overall perceived stress), and two to coping style (cognitive restructuring and social withdrawal)...
January 9, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334475/abandonment-of-assistive-products-assessing-abandonment-levels-and-factors-that-impact-on-it
#15
André T Sugawara, Vinícius D Ramos, Fábio M Alfieri, Linamara R Battistella
PURPOSE: To investigate the levels and factors that influence the abandonment of assistive products by users of a local reference rehabilitation center. METHODS: This observational study involved users who received services and assistive products provided by our center of rehabilitation. Users were identified using the records of the center and their responses about the abandonment were collected through face-to-face interviews. RESULTS: The abandonment level of assistive products was 19...
January 15, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332514/gender-migration-and-exclusionary-citizenship-regimes-conceptualizing-transnational-abandonment-of-wives-as-a-form-of-violence-against-women
#16
Sundari Anitha, Anupama Roy, Harshita Yalamarty
Based on life history narratives of 57 women in India and interviews with 21 practitioners, we document the neglect, abuse, and instrumental deprivation of women's rights through the process of transnational abandonment. While gendered local sociocultural milieus and economic norms contribute to these harms, they are crucially enabled and sustained by transnational formal-legal frameworks. Widening the explanatory lens for understanding domestic violence beyond the family and community, we argue that in a globalized world, (inter)state policies serve to construct these women as a subordinate category of citizens-"disposable women"-who can be abused and abandoned with impunity...
August 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332080/radiosurgical-pallidotomy-for-parkinson-s-disease
#17
Leslie D Cahan, Ronald F Young, Francisco Li
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) has been widely accepted as a tool for treating many symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD); pallidotomy has been nearly abandoned. Concerns about both the safety and efficacy of pallidotomy are based on small series, isolated case reports, and techniques that would now be considered obsolete. The senior author recently reviewed long-term follow-up of a series of patients who had gamma knife pallidotomy (GKP) for advanced PD. GKP leads to durable, clinically significant benefit. Bilateral GKP adds incremental improvement...
2018: Progress in Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330671/internalizing-and-externalizing-behaviors-share-a-common-predictor-the-effects-of-early-maladaptive-schemas-are-mediated-by-coping-responses-and-schema-modes
#18
Marjolein F van Wijk-Herbrink, David P Bernstein, Nick J Broers, Jeffrey Roelofs, Marleen M Rijkeboer, Arnoud A Arntz
We investigated the relationships of adolescents' internalizing and externalizing behaviors with their early maladaptive schemas (EMS), coping responses, and schema modes. We focused on EMS related to experiences of disconnection and rejection that comprise vulnerable emotions, such as shame, mistrust, deprivation, abandonment, and isolation/alienation. This cross-sectional study included a total of 699 adolescents (combined clinical and non-referred sample) who were 11 to 18 years old (M = 14.6; SD = 1...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330172/origins-of-tobacco-harm-reduction-in-the-uk-the-product-modification-programme-1972-1991
#19
Jesse Elias, Pamela M Ling
OBJECTIVE: To better understand the current embrace of long-term nicotine maintenance by British governmental agencies and tobacco harm reduction by several leading British public health organisations, describe the context and deliberations of the UK's first formal tobacco risk reduction programme: 'Product Modification'. METHODS: Analysis of previously secret tobacco industry documents, news archives and Parliamentary debate records. RESULTS: From 1972 to 1991, the British government sought to investigate safer smoking through the 'product modification programme'...
January 12, 2018: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327215/treatment-outcomes-of-using-inhalation-sedation-for-comprehensive-dental-care
#20
M Madouh, A BaniHani, J F Tahmassebi
AIM: To assess the outcomes of dental treatment under inhalation sedation within a UK specialist hospital setting. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of the case notes of patients under 17 years of age who received dental treatment using inhalation sedation at a UK specialist setting during the period 2006-2011. Treatment outcomes were categorised into five groups: (1) treatment completed as planned, (2) modified treatment completed, (3) treatment abandoned in sedation unit and patient referred for treatment under general analgesia (GA), (4) treatment abandoned in sedation unit and patient referred for treatment under local analgesia (LA), (5) child failed to return to complete treatment...
January 11, 2018: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
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