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Gene expression in crps

Mario A Inchiosa
The principal finding from this study was the recognition that the α-adrenergic antagonist, phenoxybenzamine, possesses histone deacetylase inhibitory activity. Phenoxybenzamine is approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of hypertensive crises associated with tumors of the adrenal medulla, pheochromocytomas. It has several "off label" indications relative to its capacity to relax vascular smooth muscle and smooth muscle of the urogenital tract. The drug also has a long history of apparent efficacy in ameliorating, and perhaps reversing, the severe symptoms of neuropathic pain syndromes...
2018: PloS One
Botros B Shenoda, Yuzhen Tian, Guillermo M Alexander, Enrique Aradillas-Lopez, Robert J Schwartzman, Seena K Ajit
Background: Evidence is overwhelming for sex differences in pain, with women representing the majority of the chronic pain patient population. There is a need to explore novel avenues to elucidate this sex bias in the development of chronic inflammatory pain conditions. Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a chronic neuropathic pain disorder, and the incidence of CRPS is greater in women than in men by ~4:1. Since neurogenic inflammation is a key feature of CRPS, dysregulation of inflammatory responses can be a factor in predisposing women to chronic pain...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
Eduardo R Cobo, Ravi Holani, France Moreau, Kiminori Nakamura, Tokiyoshi Ayabe, Jennifer R Mastroianni, Andre Ouellette, Kris Chadee
Enteric α-defensins, termed cryptdins (Crps) in mice, and lysozymes secreted by Paneth cells contribute to innate host defense in the ileum. Antimicrobial factors including lysozymes and β-defensins are often embedded in luminal glycosylated colonic Muc2 mucin secreted by goblet cells that form the protective mucus layer critical in gut homeostasis and pathogen invasion. In this study we investigated ileal innate immunity against Entamoeba histolytica (Eh ), the causative agent of intestinal amebiasis, by inoculating parasites in closed ileal loops in Muc2+/+ and Muc2-/- littermates and quantifying Paneth cell localization (lysozyme expression) and function (Crps secretion)...
April 23, 2018: Infection and Immunity
Wen-Wu Li, Tian-Zhi Guo, Xiaoyou Shi, Frank Birklein, Tanja Schlereth, Wade S Kingery, J David Clark
BACKGROUND: Both dysfunctional neuropeptide signaling and immune system activation are characteristic of complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS). Unknown is whether substance P (SP) or calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) support autoantibody production and, consequently, nociceptive sensitization. METHODS: These experiments involved the use of a well-characterized tibia fracture model of CRPS. Mice deficient in SP expression (Tac1-/- ) and CGRP signaling (RAMP1-/- ) were used to probe the neuropeptide dependence of post-fracture sensitization and antibody production...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Neuroinflammation
Botros B Shenoda, Sujay Ramanathan, Seena K Ajit
Pharmacogenomic approaches used to investigate how genes affect drug responses are critical for designing personalized therapies aimed at maximizing efficacy and minimizing adverse effects. Drug efficacy is often dependent on the sequence and expression levels of drug target genes or those involved in the metabolism and transport of the therapeutic agent. Expression of these genes, in turn, is negatively regulated by small noncoding miRNAs. The levels of miRNAs in bodily fluids have been studied extensively as potential diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers...
December 20, 2017: Current Protocols in Pharmacology
Xing Liu, Huping Zhang, Huijun Jiao, Leiting Li, Xin Qiao, Musana Rwalinda Fabrice, Juyou Wu, Shaoling Zhang
BACKGROUND: Cysteine-rich peptides (CRPs) are gaining recognition as regulators of cell-cell communication in plants. RESULTS: We identified 9556 CRPs in 12 plant species and analysed their evolutionary patterns. In most angiosperm plants, whole genome duplication and segmental duplication are the major factors driving the expansion of CRP family member genes, especially signal peptides. About 30% of the CRP genes were found clustered on the chromosomes, except in maize (Zea mays)...
August 14, 2017: BMC Genomics
Wulin Tan, Yiyan Song, Chengqiang Mo, Shuangjian Jiang, Zhongxing Wang
The aim of the present study was to predict key genes and proteins associated with complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) using bioinformatics analysis. The gene expression profiling microarray data, GSE47603, which included peripheral blood samples from 4 patients with CRPS and 5 healthy controls, was obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. The differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in CRPS patients compared with healthy controls were identified using the GEO2R online tool. Functional enrichment analysis was then performed using The Database for Annotation Visualization and Integrated Discovery online tool...
September 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
Enji Zhang, Sunyeul Lee, Min-Hee Yi, Yongshan Nan, Yinshi Xu, Nara Shin, Youngkwon Ko, Young Ho Lee, Wonhyung Lee, Dong Woon Kim
In previous studies that have profiled gene expression in patients with complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS), the expression of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor 3 receptor (G‑CSFR) was elevated, as were a number of pain‑associated genes. The present study determined the expression of G‑CSFR and the mechanisms by which it may affect hypersensitivity, focusing on the signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3)/transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V 1 (TRPV1) signaling pathway in particular, which is an important mediator of pain...
August 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
Tamara L Lenis, Shanta Sarfare, Zhichun Jiang, Marcia B Lloyd, Dean Bok, Roxana A Radu
Recessive Stargardt macular degeneration (STGD1) is caused by mutations in the gene for the ABCA4 transporter in photoreceptor outer segments. STGD1 patients and Abca4 -/- (STGD1) mice exhibit buildup of bisretinoid-containing lipofuscin pigments in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), increased oxidative stress, augmented complement activation and slow degeneration of photoreceptors. A reduction in complement negative regulatory proteins (CRPs), possibly owing to bisretinoid accumulation, may be responsible for the increased complement activation seen on the RPE of STGD1 mice...
April 11, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Cong-Hui Yang, Peng-Cheng Yang, Su-Fang Zhang, Zhi-Yong Shi, Le Kang, Ai-Bing Zhang
Cuticular proteins (CPs) are vital components of the insects' cuticle that support movement and protect insect from adverse environmental conditions. The CPs exist in a large number and diversiform structures, thus, the accurate annotation is the first step to interpreting their roles in insect growth. The rapid development of sequencing technology has simplified the access to the information on protein sequences, especially for non-model species. Dendrolimus punctatus is a Lepidopteran defoliator, and its periodic outbreaks cause severe damage to the coniferous forests...
April 2017: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Melissa Bello-Perez, Alberto Falco, Regla Medina, Jose Antonio Encinar, Beatriz Novoa, Luis Perez, Amparo Estepa, Julio Coll
Because of the recent discovery of multiple c-reactive protein (crp)-like genes in zebrafish (Danio rerio) with predicted heterogeneous phospholipid-binding amino acid sequences and heterogeneous transcript expression levels in viral survivors and adaptive-deficient mutants, zebrafish constitute an attractive new model for exploring the evolution of these protein's functions, including their possible participation in fish trained immunity. Circulating human CRP belongs to the short pentraxin family of oligomeric proteins that are characteristic of early acute-phase innate responses and is widely used as a clinical inflammation marker...
April 2017: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Antoine Ziller, Rajiv Kumar Yadav, Mercè Capdevila, Mondem Sudhakara Reddy, Laurent Vallon, Roland Marmeisse, Silvia Atrian, Òscar Palacios, Laurence Fraissinet-Tachet
Metallothioneins are cysteine-rich proteins, which function as (i) metal carriers in basal cell metabolism and (ii) protective metal chelators in conditions of metal excess. Metallothioneins have been characterized from different eukaryotic model and cultivable species. Presently, they are categorized in 15 families but evolutionary relationships between these metallothionein families remain unresolved. Several cysteine-rich protein encoding genes that conferred Cd-tolerance in Cd-sensitive yeast mutants have previously been isolated from soil eukaryotic metatranscriptomes...
February 2017: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Naoko Fujita, Ken Komatsu, Yu Ayukawa, Yuki Matsuo, Masayoshi Hashimoto, Osamu Netsu, Tohru Teraoka, Yasuyuki Yamaji, Shigetou Namba, Tsutomu Arie
Plant viruses in the genus Carlavirus include more than 65 members. Plants infected with carlaviruses exhibit various symptoms, including leaf malformation and plant stunting. Cysteine-rich protein (CRP) encoded by carlaviruses has been reported to be a pathogenicity determinant. Carlavirus CRPs contain two motifs in their central part: a nuclear localization signal (NLS) and a zinc finger motif (ZF). In addition to these two conserved motifs, carlavirus CRPs possess highly divergent, N-terminal, 34 amino acid residues with unknown function...
January 2018: Molecular Plant Pathology
Marguerite K McDonald, Sujay Ramanathan, Andrew Touati, Yiqian Zhou, Rushi U Thanawala, Guillermo M Alexander, Ahmet Sacan, Seena K Ajit
Circulating microRNAs are beneficial biomarkers because of their stability and dysregulation in diseases. Here we sought to determine the role of miR-939, a miRNA downregulated in patients with complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS). Hsa-miR-939 is predicted to target several proinflammatory genes, including IL-6, VEGFA, TNFα, NFκB2, and nitric oxide synthase 2 (NOS2A). Binding of miR-939 to the 3' untranslated region of these genes was confirmed by reporter assay. Overexpression of miR-939 in vitro resulted in reduction of IL-6, NOS2A and NFκB2 mRNAs, IL-6, VEGFA, and NOS2 proteins and NFκB activation...
August 8, 2016: Scientific Reports
Ling Zhang, Xin Wang, Jinglu Zou, Yingxun Liu, Jinke Wang
The dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) was widely used to coat iron oxide nanoparticles (FeNPs); however, its intracellular cytotoxicity remains to be adequately elucidated. This study analyzed the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in four mammalian cells treated by a DMSA-coated magnetite FeNP at various doses at different times. The results revealed that about one-fourth of DEGs coded cysteine-rich proteins (CRPs) in all cells under each treatment, indicating that the nanoparticles greatly affected the expressions of CRP-coding genes...
October 19, 2015: Chemical Research in Toxicology
John J Orczyk, Rishabh Sethia, Dominique Doster, Preston E Garraghty
The effects of infraorbital nerve (ION) transection on gene expression in the adult male rat barrel cortex were investigated using RNA sequencing. After a 24-hour survival duration, 98 genes were differentially regulated by ION transection. Differentially expressed genes suggest changes in neuronal activity, excitability, and morphology. The production of mRNA for neurotrophins, including brain-derived neurotrophin factor (BNDF), was decreased following ION transection. Several potassium channels showed decreased mRNA production, whereas a sodium channel (Na(V)β4) associated with burst firing showed increased mRNA production...
January 1, 2016: Journal of Comparative Neurology
Matthew R Shenton, Hajime Ohyanagi, Zi-Xuan Wang, Atsushi Toyoda, Asao Fujiyama, Toshifumi Nagata, Qi Feng, Bin Han, Nori Kurata
Defensive and reproductive protein genes undergo rapid evolution. Small, cysteine-rich secreted peptides (CRPs) act as antimicrobial agents and function in plant intercellular signaling and are over-represented among reproductively expressed proteins. Because of their roles in defense, reproduction and development and their presence in multigene families, CRP variation can have major consequences for plant phenotypic and functional diversification. We surveyed the CRP genes of six closely related Oryza genomes comprising Oryza sativa ssp...
October 2015: Molecular Genetics and Genomics: MGG
Jun Zhang, Jintian Li, Zebo Huang, Bing Yang, Xiaojie Zhang, Dehua Li, David J Craik, Alan J M Baker, Wensheng Shu, Bin Liao
Cysteine (Cys)-rich proteins (CRPs) are frequently associated with plant defense and stress resistance. Viola baoshanensis is a cadmium (Cd) hyper-accumulating plant whose CRPs-based defense systems are so far poorly understood. Next generation sequencing (NGS) techniques and a specialist searching tool, CrpExcel, were employed for identifying CRPs in V. baoshanensis. The transcriptome sequences of V. baoshanensis were assembled primarily from 454FLX/Hiseq2000 reads of plant cDNA sequencing libraries. CrpExcel was then used to search the ORFs and 9687 CRPs were identified, and included zinc finger (ZF) proteins, lipid transfer proteins, thaumatins and cyclotide precursors...
April 15, 2015: Journal of Plant Physiology
Htin Lin Aung, Laura L Dixon, Laura J Smith, Nathan P Sweeney, Jennifer R Robson, Michael Berney, Roger S Buxton, Jeffrey Green, Gregory M Cook
Mycobacterium smegmatis is a fast-growing, saprophytic, mycobacterial species that contains two cAMP-receptor protein (CRP) homologues designated herein as Crp1 and Crp2. Phylogenetic analysis suggests that Crp1 (Msmeg_0539) is uniquely present in fast-growing environmental mycobacteria, whereas Crp2 (Msmeg_6189) occurs in both fast- and slow-growing species. A crp1 mutant of M. smegmatis was readily obtained, but crp2 could not be deleted, suggesting it was essential for growth. A total of 239 genes were differentially regulated in response to crp1 deletion (loss of function), including genes coding for mycobacterial energy generation, solute transport and catabolism of carbon sources...
March 2015: Microbiology
Ritu Sharma, Anisha Zaveri, Jayashree Gopalakrishnapai, Thiruneelakantan Srinath, Srinath Thiruneelakantan, Umesh Varshney, Sandhya S Visweswariah
The cyclic AMP receptor protein (CRP) family of transcription factors consists of global regulators of bacterial gene expression. Here, we identify two paralogous CRPs in the genome of Mycobacterium smegmatis that have 78% identical sequences and characterize them biochemically and functionally. The two proteins (MSMEG_0539 and MSMEG_6189) show differences in cAMP binding affinity, trypsin sensitivity, and binding to a CRP site that we have identified upstream of the msmeg_3781 gene. MSMEG_6189 binds to the CRP site readily in the absence of cAMP, while MSMEG_0539 binds in the presence of cAMP, albeit weakly...
December 16, 2014: Biochemistry
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