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traumatic brain injury guidelines

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905511/isolated-subdural-hematomas-in-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-part-2-a-preliminary-clinical-decision-support-tool-for-neurosurgical-intervention
#1
Alessandro Orlando, A Stewart Levy, Benjamin A Rubin, Allen Tanner, Matthew M Carrick, Mark Lieser, David Hamilton, Charles W Mains, David Bar-Or
OBJECTIVE A paucity of studies have examined neurosurgical interventions in the mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) population with intracranial hemorrhage (ICH). Furthermore, it is not understood how the dimensions of an ICH relate to the risk of a neurosurgical intervention. These limitations contribute to a lack of treatment guidelines. Isolated subdural hematomas (iSDHs) are the most prevalent ICH in mTBI, carry the highest neurosurgical intervention rate, and account for an overwhelming majority of all neurosurgical interventions...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888278/a-systematic-review-of-the-effects-of-hyperoxia-in-acutely-ill-patients-should-we-aim-for-less
#2
REVIEW
R Stolmeijer, H R Bouma, J G Zijlstra, A M Drost-de Klerck, J C Ter Maaten, J J M Ligtenberg
Introduction: Despite widespread and liberal use of oxygen supplementation, guidelines about rational use of oxygen are scarce. Recent data demonstrates that current protocols lead to hyperoxemia in the majority of the patients and most health care professionals are not aware of the negative effects of hyperoxemia. Method: To investigate the effects of hyperoxemia in acutely ill patients on clinically relevant outcomes, such as neurological and functional status as well as mortality, we performed a literature review using Medline (PubMed) and Embase...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29885419/secondary-brain-injury-predicting-and-preventing-insults
#3
REVIEW
Christos Lazaridis, Craig G Rusin, Claudia S Robertson
Mortality or severe disability affects the majority of patients after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Adherence to the brain trauma foundation guidelines has overall improved outcomes; however, traditional as well as novel interventions towards intracranial hypertension and secondary brain injury have come under scrutiny after series of negative randomized controlled trials. In fact, it would not be unfair to say there has been no single major breakthrough in the management of severe TBI in the last two decades...
June 6, 2018: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876872/pharmacotherapy-for-persistent-posttraumatic-headaches-in-children-and-adolescents-a-brief-review-of-the-literature
#4
Joanne Kacperski
Concussion, now most often referred to as mild traumatic brain injury in recent literature, is common in pediatrics, and headache is often the most common complaint post-injury. Although most children and adolescents recover within 1-2 weeks, some develop frequent and debilitating headaches that can last for months or longer. Most clinicians would agree on the importance of managing both acute and persistent posttraumatic headaches appropriately to speed recovery, minimize disability, maximize function, and improve quality of life, but there are no well-established guidelines to instruct physicians in doing so...
June 7, 2018: Paediatric Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870638/-guidelines-for-the-treatment-of-traumatic-brain-injury-2017
#5
REVIEW
András Büki, Pál Barzó, Béla Demeter, Péter Kanizsai, Erzsébet Ezer, Péter Tóth, Péter Horváth, Csaba Varga
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is recognized to be the main cause of death and disability in the first four decades representing a major socio-economical problem worldwide. Recent communications revealed a particularly worrying image about the quality of care for TBI in Hungary. For any improvement a systematic approach characterized by utilization of scientific evidence based guidelines forming the basis for close monitoring of the actual care are considered a prerequisite. In Hungary the first evidence based guidelines in the field of TBI have been issued by the National Society for Anesthesiology and Intensive Care more than two decades ago followed by joint guidelines of the Hungarian Neurosurgical Society and the Hungarian College of Neurosurgeons...
July 30, 2017: Ideggyógyászati Szemle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866717/evaluating-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-management-at-a-regional-emergency-department
#6
Ashlee Maree Brown, Dara M Twomey, Anna Wong Shee
BACKGROUND: Emergency departments (EDs) are usually the first point of contact, and often the only medical service available, for patients with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) in rural and regional areas. Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) have been created to ensure best practice management of mTBI in EDs. Adherence to mTBI CPGs has rarely been evaluated in rural and regional areas. AIM: The aim of this paper was to assess a regional health service's adherence to their mTBI CPG...
June 4, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29799350/introduction-of-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-care-protocol-is-associated-with-reduction-in-mortality-for-pediatric-patients-a-case-study-of-children-s-healthcare-of-atlanta-s-neurotrauma-program
#7
Andrew Reisner, Joshua J Chern, Karen Walson, Natalie Tillman, Toni Petrillo-Albarano, Eric A Sribnick, Laura S Blackwell, Zaev D Suskin, Chia-Yi Kuan, Atul Vats
OBJECTIVE Evidence shows mixed efficacy of applying guidelines for the treatment of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in children. A multidisciplinary team at a children's health system standardized intensive care unit-based TBI care using guidelines and best practices. The authors sought to investigate the impact of guideline implementation on outcomes. METHODS A multidisciplinary group developed a TBI care protocol based on published TBI treatment guidelines and consensus, which was implemented in March 2011. The authors retrospectively compared preimplementation outcomes (May 2009 to March 2011) and postimplementation outcomes (April 2011 to March 2014) among patients < 18 years of age admitted with severe TBI (Glasgow Coma Scale score ≤ 8) and potential survivability who underwent intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring...
May 25, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29796153/head-ct-guidelines-following-concussion-among-the-youngest-trauma-patients-can-we-limit-radiation-exposure-following-traumatic-brain-injury
#8
Bryan J Harvell, Stephen D Helmer, Jeanette G Ward, Elizabeth Ablah, Raymond Grundmeyer, James M Haan
Introduction: Recent studies have provided guidelines on the use of head computed tomography (CT) scans in pediatric trauma patients. The purpose of this study was to identify the prevalence of these guidelines among concussed pediatric patients. Methods: A retrospective review was conducted of patients four years or younger with a concussion from blunt trauma. Demographics, head injury characteristics, clinical indicators for head CT scan (severe mechanism, physical exam findings of basilar skull fracture, non-frontal scalp hematoma, Glasgow Coma Scale score, loss of consciousness, neurologic deficit, altered mental status, vomiting, headache, amnesia, irritability, behavioral changes, seizures, lethargy), CT results, and hospital course were collected...
May 2018: Kansas journal of medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776825/a-review-of-research-efforts-to-address-the-2008-acep-guideline-for-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#9
Jack Manquen, Tyler Combs, Anya Mazur-Mosiewicz, Donald Sanders, Michael Schiesel, Joshua Gordon, Michelle Farabough, Matt Vassar
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to evaluate the temporal relationship between clinical practice guideline development and subsequent research performed, with the goal of providing more data on areas of sparse evidence that serve to underlie guideline recommendations. We aimed to assess the quality of current research efforts to address the American College of Emergency Physicians guideline and to provide suggestions for future research of mild traumatic brain injury. METHODS: We identified clinical practice guideline recommendations with low levels of underlying evidence and searched ClinicalTrials...
May 8, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775090/evaluation-of-management-and-guideline-adherence-in-children-with-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#10
Merel C Broers, Jikke-Mien F Niermeijer, Irene A W Kotsopoulos, Hester F Lingsma, Jos F M Bruinenberg, Coriene E Catsman-Berrevoets
AIM: To evaluate the management and guideline adherence in children with mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) in emergency departments (ED) in the Netherlands. METHODS: A multicentre cohort study was conducted, including children younger than 18 years with MTBI who presented within 24 hours after trauma in the ED of hospitals in the southwest region of the Netherlands, in 2014. Primary outcome measures for management were percentages of performed computed tomography (CT) scans and hospital admissions...
May 18, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756534/neurostimulant-prescribing-patterns-in-children-admitted-to-the-icu-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#11
Amanda Marie Morrison, Amy Houtrow, James Zullo, Patrick M Kochanek, Carol Vetterly, Ericka L Fink
Neurostimulant medications are commonly prescribed following traumatic brain injury (TBI) in adults; little is known about their use in children with TBI. Our objective was to analyze neurostimulant prescribing practices from 2005 to 2015 in children admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) with TBI. We hypothesized that neurostimulant prescriptions have increased over time and are associated with older age and injury severity. A retrospective cohort study of patients aged 1 month to 18 years with an ICD-9-CM discharge diagnosis code for TBI admitted to the ICU between 2005 and 2015 in 37 pediatric hospitals included in the Pediatric Health Information System was conducted...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756522/preclinical-testing-of-therapies-for-traumatic-brain-injury
#12
Douglas DeWitt, Bridget E Hawkins, C Edward Dixon, Patrick M Kochanek, William M Armstead, Cameron 'Dale' Bass, Helen M Bramlett, András Büki, W Dalton Dietrich, Adam R Ferguson, Edward D Hall, Ronald L Hayes, Col Sidney R Hinds Ii, Michelle LaPlaca, Joseph Long, David Meaney, Stefania Mondello, Linda Noble-Haeusslein, Samuel M Poloyac, Donald S Prough, Claudia S Robertson, Kathryn E Saatman, Sandy Richard Shultz, Deborah A Shear, Douglas H Smith, Alex Valadka, Pamela J VandeVord, Liying Zhang
Despite the large number of promising neuroprotective agents identified in experimental traumatic brain injury (TBI) studies, none has yet shown meaningful improvements in long-term outcome in clinical trials. To develop recommendations and guidelines for preclinical testing of pharmacological or biological therapies for TBI, the Moody Project for Translational Traumatic Brain Injury Research hosted a symposium attended by investigators with extensive experience in pre-clinical TBI testing. The symposium participants discussed issues related to preclinical TBI testing including experimental models, therapy and outcome selection, study design, data analysis, and dissemination...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753521/emergency-department-implementation-of-the-centers-for-disease-control-and-prevention-pediatric-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-guideline-recommendations
#13
EDITORIAL
Angela Lumba-Brown, David W Wright, Kelly Sarmiento, Debra Houry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 9, 2018: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751187/brain-trauma-foundation-guideline-compliance-results-of-a-multidisciplinary-international-survey
#14
Ryan Hirschi, Casey Rommel, Joshua Letsinger, Raminder Nirula, Gregory William John Hawryluk
BACKGROUND: The Brain Trauma Foundation (BTF) guidelines reflect evidence-based best practices in the management of traumatic brain injury (TBI) however compliance varies. OBJECTIVE: To inform self-reported physician compliance and predictors of compliance related to BTF guidelines via an international survey. METHODS: We conducted an international, multidisciplinary survey examining self-reported adherence to the BTF guidelines and multiple factors potentially affecting adherence...
May 8, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720544/advantages-of-virtual-reality-in-the-rehabilitation-of-balance-and-gait-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Desiderio Cano Porras, Petra Siemonsma, Rivka Inzelberg, Gabriel Zeilig, Meir Plotnik
BACKGROUND: Virtual reality (VR) has emerged as a therapeutic tool facilitating motor learning for balance and gait rehabilitation. The evidence, however, has not yet resulted in standardized guidelines. The aim of this study was to systematically review the application of VR-based rehabilitation of balance and gait in 6 neurologic cohorts, describing methodologic quality, intervention programs, and reported efficacy. METHODS: This study follows the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses...
May 29, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707426/is-electroconvulsive-therapy-a-treatment-for-depression-following-traumatic-brain-injury
#16
Anja Srienc, Puneet Narang, Simrat Sarai, Yee Xiong, Steven Lippmann
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can be caused by blunt or penetrating injury to the head. The pathophysiological evolution of TBI involves complex biochemical and genetic changes. Common sequelae of TBI include seizures and psychiatric disorders, particularly depression. In considering pharmacologic interventions for treating post-TBI depression, it is important to remember that TBI patients have a higher risk of seizures; therefore, the benefits of prescribing medications that lower the seizure threshold need to be weighed against the risk of seizures...
April 1, 2018: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703266/statistical-analysis-plan-for-the-polar-rct-the-prophylactic-hypothermia-trial-to-lessen-traumatic-brain-injury-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Jeffrey Presneill, Dashiell Gantner, Alistair Nichol, Colin McArthur, Andrew Forbes, Jessica Kasza, Tony Trapani, Lynnette Murray, Stephen Bernard, Peter Cameron, Gilles Capellier, Olivier Huet, Lynette Newby, Stephen Rashford, Jeffrey V Rosenfeld, Tony Smith, Michael Stephenson, Dinesh Varma, Shirley Vallance, Tony Walker, Steve Webb, D James Cooper
BACKGROUND: The Prophylactic hypOthermia to Lessen trAumatic bRain injury-Randomised Controlled Trial (POLAR-RCT) will evaluate whether early and sustained prophylactic hypothermia delivered to patients with severe traumatic brain injury improves patient-centred outcomes. METHODS: The POLAR-RCT is a multicentre, randomised, parallel group, phase III trial of early, prophylactic cooling in critically ill patients with severe traumatic brain injury, conducted in Australia, New Zealand, France, Switzerland, Saudi Arabia and Qatar...
April 27, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688078/a-systemic-review-of-levetiracetam-versus-phenytoin-in-the-prevention-of-late-post-traumatic-seizures-and-survey-of-uk-neurosurgical-prescribing-practice-of-antiepileptic-medication-in-acute-traumatic-brain-injury
#18
Ahmed Bakr, Antonio Belli
BACKGROUND: Guidelines recommend 1 week of prophylactic phenytoin for post-traumatic seizures (PTS). Levetiracetam is gaining popularity as an alternative with a superior side-effect profile and may be suitable for extended use. We performed a systematic review comparing the efficacy of levetiracetam and phenytoin in reducing the incidence of late PTS. The secondary objectives were to compare their effects on the Extended Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS-E) and length of stay. We also aimed to survey current prophylaxis prescribing practices...
April 24, 2018: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685463/a-prospective-evaluation-of-the-influence-of-an-electronic-clinical-practice-guidelines-on-concussion-patients-future-activities-and-outcomes
#19
Brian H Rowe, Leeor Eliyahu, Justin Lowes, Lindsay A Gaudet, Jeremy Beach, Martin Mrazik, Garnet Cummings, Donald Voaklander
BACKGROUND: Patients with mild traumatic brain injury or concussion commonly present to the emergency department for assessment; providing patients with information on usual symptoms and their progression may encourage faster recovery. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to document the role of an electronic clinical practice guideline (eCPG) patient handout on concussion recovery in adult patients discharged from the hospital. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was carried out in 3 Canadian urban emergency departments...
June 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683728/healthcare-providers-attitudes-and-behaviours-related-to-paediatric-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-results-from-the-2014-docstyles-survey
#20
Kelly Sarmiento, Zoe Donnell, Rosanne Hoffman, Bethany Tennant
OBJECTIVE: Explore healthcare providers' experiences managing mTBI and better understand their use of mTBI assessment tools and guidelines. Cross-sectional Methods: A random sample of 1,760 healthcare providers responded to the web-based DocStyles survey between June 18 and 30, 2014. The sample included family/general practitioners, internists, pediatricians, and nurse practitioners who reported seeing pediatric patients. We examined their experiences with mTBI to identify opportunities to increase preparedness and improve management of mTBI...
2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
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