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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114906/evaluation-of-three-chemical-immobilization-protocols-in-golden-headed-lion-tamarins-leontopithecus-chrysomelas-undergoing-vasectomy-surgery
#1
Mario A Ferraro, Camila V Molina, José L Catão-Dias, Maria C M Kierulff, Alcides Pissinatti, Marina G Bueno, Silvia R G Cortopassi
BACKGROUND: The golden-headed lion tamarin (Leontopithecus chrysomelas), originally endemic to Bahia, was introduced in Rio de Janeiro. The species is currently found in remaining forests within the region of original occupation of the golden lion tamarin (Leontopithecus rosalia), which may compromise the survival of the golden lion tamarin. Groups of golden-headed lion tamarins were captured and translocated to Bahia. However, the area chosen reached its limit and males underwent to vasectomy procedures...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Medical Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113437/men-s-reproductive-health-knowledge-in-mankweng-district-limpopo-province
#2
Richard M Rasesemola, Tendani S Ramukumba, Majapi Masala-Chokwe, Zerish Z Nkosi
BACKGROUND: Gender roles influence men's attitudes towards reproductive health, and society might assume that reproductive health issues, fertility and family planning are women's responsibilities. Moreover, literature shows that men have insufficient knowledge about reproductive health matters and some misconceptions about modern contraceptive practices. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to describe reproductive health knowledge of men in Mankweng District and was conducted in 2015...
October 19, 2017: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111902/the-effect-of-cranberry-juice-consumption-on-the-recurrence-of-urinary-tract-infection-relationship-to-baseline-risk-factors
#3
Kevin C Maki, Kristin M Nieman, Arianne L Schild, Kerrie L Kaspar, Christina Khoo
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess relationships between clinical predictors of urinary tract infection (UTI) and effects of cranberry juice consumption on recurrence in a post hoc analysis of a 24-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter clinical trial in women with a recent history of UTI. METHODS: Participants consumed a cranberry (n = 185) or placebo (n = 188) beverage (240 mL) daily. Odds ratios (OR) from 20 candidate predictor variables were evaluated in univariate analyses to assess clinical UTI incidence relationships in the placebo group...
November 7, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104791/impact-of-vasectomy-on-the-sexual-satisfaction-of-couples-experience-from-a-specialized-clinic
#4
Tobias Engl, Sarah Hallmen, Wolf-D Beecken, Peter Rubenwolf, Elmar-W Gerharz, Stefan Vallo
Introduction: Vasectomy is the simplest, safest, and most effective form of definitive fertility control in men [1]. Vasectomy is used for 10% of contraception worldwide but only for 2% in Germany [2]. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of vasectomy on the sexual satisfaction of sterilized men and their partners. Material and methods: Vasectomized men and their partners were surveyed by means of the IIEF (International Index for Erectile Function) and the FSFI (Female Sexual Function Index) questionnaires...
2017: Central European Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059748/re-vasectomy-reversal-semen-analysis-new-reference-ranges-predict-pregnancy
#5
Craig Niederberger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040537/chromosomal-abnormalities-in-1663-infertile-men-with-azoospermia-the-clinical-consequences
#6
R B Donker, V Vloeberghs, H Groen, H Tournaye, C M A van Ravenswaaij-Arts, J A Land
STUDY QUESTION: What is the prevalence of chromosomal abnormalities in azoospermic men and what are the clinical consequences in terms of increased risk for absent spermatogenesis, miscarriages and offspring with congenital malformations? SUMMARY ANSWER: The prevalence of chromosomal abnormalities in azoospermia was 14.4%, and the number of azoospermic men needed to be screened (NNS) to identify one man with a chromosomal abnormality with increased risk for absence of spermatogenesis was 72, to prevent one miscarriage 370-739 and to prevent one child with congenital malformations 4751-23 757...
October 13, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026742/contraceptive-behavior-of-couples-undergoing-sterilization-in-an-eastern-state-of-india
#7
Venkatarao Epari, Lipilekha Patnaik, Deepa Prasad, Trilochan Sahu, Arunkiran Soodireddy, Arabinda Acharya
BACKGROUND: As a part of a larger study for evaluating the effectiveness of a community-based family welfare program, this study assessed the contraceptive behavior of couples preceding sterilization and termination of pregnancies, if any during the interim period. METHODS: During May-June 2013, a cross-sectional study was undertaken in three districts of Odisha, an eastern state of India with poor maternal health indicators. Using a 15 × 14 cluster design with probability proportionate to size sampling 15 village clusters from each district were selected...
January 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992369/predictive-value-of-pre-operative-inflammation-based-prognostic-scores-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio-and-monocyte-to-eosinophil-ratio-in-testicular-sperm-extraction-a-pilot-study
#8
C Yucel, M Z Keskin, O Cakmak, B Ergani, C Kose, O Celik, E Islamoglu, M Ucar, G Koc, Z Kozacioglu
To investigate the ability of some hematologic prognostic scores demonstrating inflammation in predicting sperm presence in testicular sperm extraction (TESE). We retrospectively investigated the medical data of 430 patients with the diagnosis of non-obstruc tive azoospermia (NOA) who had undergone TESE operation consecutively in our institution between the dates of January 2009 and February 2017. In all, 352 patients with the diagnosis of NOA, with bilaterally palpable vas deferens, who had undergone TESE for the first time, were included in the study...
October 9, 2017: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964821/a-thematic-analysis-of-online-discussion-boards-for-vasectomy
#9
Mary K Samplaski
OBJECTIVE: To examine posts on Internet discussion groups related to vasectomies, and identify common ideas through a structured theme analysis. METHODS: Internet discussion boards were identified using the search term "vasectomy". Three discussion boards were identified has having the most posts and were chosen for analysis. Using an iterative and structured analysis process, each post was analyzed using thematic analysis in 3 steps (open coding, axial coding, and selective coding) to determine common themes...
September 27, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915951/male-contraception-prospects-for-sound-and-ultrasound
#10
Robert Sewak, Bettina Teng, Lee A Learman, Charles H Hennekens
The worldwide human population growth rate, which doubled during the 20th century, as well as the increasing fertility rate, have contributed to an increasing and evolving emphasis on contraception. With respect to female contraceptive methods, many have been developed, marketed, and are widely available. In contrast, male contraception has been limited to condoms, which pose logistical challenges, and vasectomy, which is largely irreversible. The use of sound to achieve effective and safe male contraception is a promising but unproven hypothesis...
September 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904909/office-based-andrology-and-male-infertility-procedures-a-cost-effective-alternative
#11
Manaf Alom, Matthew Ziegelmann, Josh Savage, Tanner Miest, Tobias S Köhler, Landon Trost
BACKGROUND: From 2014-2016, our clinical practice progressively incorporated several male infertility and andrology procedures performed under local anesthesia, including circumcision, hydrocelectomy, malleable penile prostheses, orchiectomy, penile plication, spermatocelectomy, testicular prostheses, varicocelectomy, vasectomy reversal (VR), and testicular and microepididymal sperm aspiration (TESE/MESA). Given the observed outcomes and potential financial and logistical benefits of this approach for surgeons and patients, we sought to describe our initial experience...
August 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904908/vasectomy-reversal-decision-making-and-technical-innovations
#12
REVIEW
E Will Kirby, Mark Hockenberry, Larry I Lipshultz
Vasectomy is the method of contraception chosen by more than 500,000 American men annually, and by upwards of 8% of married couples worldwide. However, following the procedure, nearly 20% of men express the desire for children in the future, and approximately 2-6% of American men will ultimately undergo vasectomy reversal (VR). VR is a complex microsurgical procedure. Intraoperative decision-making, surgical technique, and postoperative management are each critical step in achieving high success rates. The aim of this article is to provide a detailed description of the operative and perioperative procedures employed by surgeons performing VRs...
August 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904903/vasectomy-tips-and-tricks
#13
REVIEW
Dane Johnson, Jay I Sandlow
According to data from the National Study of Family Growth, vasectomy is utilized by 6-13% of American couples for their form of contraception. Physician surveys have shown that over 500,000 men undergo vasectomies per year, and more than 75% of vasectomies are performed by urologists. This chapter provides a brief history of vasectomy, as well as recommendations for preoperative counseling, an overview of the modified no-scalpel vasectomy technique, and a brief description of the complications of vasectomy...
August 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903822/evaluation-of-a-zinc-gluconate-neutralized-with-arginine-product-as-a-nonsurgical-method-for-sterilization-of-rhesus-macaques-macaca-mulatta
#14
Kacie N Woodward, Rebekah I Keesler, J Rachel Reader, Kari L Christe
Because rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) are prolific breeders, overpopulation can be problematic in both research and feral populations. Currently, the most effective contraceptive methods are hormonal control in female macaques and vasectomies in males. These methods each come with innate challenges, the foremost being the alteration of necessary hormonal patterns. In this study, we assessed the use of zinc gluconate neutralized with arginine as a novel, nonsurgical alternative to male contraception in 12 rhesus macaques...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879818/high-prevalence-of-voluntary-sterilization-among-american-women-explained-by-trade-offs-resulting-from-male-parental-commitment
#15
Kermyt G Anderson
Tubal ligation is the modal form of family planning among American women aged 30 and older. As the preference for tubal ligation over cheaper, lower risk and more reliable methods, such as vasectomy, has puzzled experts, a theoretical approach that explains this preference would be useful. The present study investigates the high prevalence of voluntary sterilization among American women from the perspective of life history theory, arguing that the trade-offs between investing in current and future offspring will favour tubal ligation when women cannot obtain reliable male commitment to future parental investment...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868820/loupe-assisted-vasovasostomy-using-a-prolene-stent-a-simpler-vasectomy-reversal-technique
#16
Jong Chul Jeon, Taekmin Kwon, Sejun Park, Sungchan Park, Sang Hyeon Cheon, Kyung Hyun Moon
PURPOSE: Microsurgical vasovasostomy is associated with high patency and pregnancy rates, but is difficult and requires significant effort and time to learn. Therefore, we assessed a simplified loupe-assisted vasovasostomy method using a Prolene stent. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical records of 82 patients who underwent loupe-assisted vasovasostomy with a Prolene stent by a single surgeon between January 2004 and December 2015 were reviewed. The association between the vasal obstructive interval (VOI) and the success rate was evaluated...
August 2017: World Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834896/vasectomy-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Zhen-Lang Guo, Jing-Li Xu, Ren-Kui Lai, Shu-Sheng Wang
BACKGROUND: Even though several studies comparing vasectomy and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk have been reported, most are small series with conflicting results. However, the extent of the risk is still uncertain. We therefore explored whether an association exists between vasectomy and CVD incidence and mortality. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library databases for relevant studies published before January 2017. Multivariate adjusted odds ratio (OR) and associated 95% confidence intervals (CIs) and those by subgroups were extracted and pooled using random-effects models...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830873/vasectomy-and-risk-of-prostate-cancer-in-a-screening-trial
#18
Jonathan Shoag, Oleksander Savenkov, Paul J Christos, Sameer Mittal, Joshua A Halpern, Gulce Askin, Daniel Shoag, Ron Golan, Daniel J Lee, Padraic O'Malley, Bobby Najari, Brian Eisner, Jim C Hu, Douglas Scherr, Peter Schlegel, Christopher E Barbieri
Background: Vasectomy has been implicated as a risk factor for prostate cancer in multiple epidemiologic studies over the past 25 years. Whether this relationship is causal remains unclear. This study examines the association between vasectomy and prostate cancer in the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal and Ovarian (PLCO) Cancer Screening Trial, which randomized men to usual care or annual prostate cancer screening.Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of 13-year screening and outcomes data from the PLCO trial...
August 22, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813710/is-endoscopic-vasectomy-just-a-dream-an-ex-vivo-study-on-feasibility-and-reliability-of-endoluminal-occlusion-of-porcine-vas-deferens
#19
Daniel Schlager, Moritz Maas, Simon Hein, Fabian Adams, Martin Schoenthaler, Bjoern Spittau, Ulrich Wetterauer, Arkadiusz Miernik
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: Surgical vasectomy remains the gold standard for fertility control in men. Endoluminal occlusion of the seminal ducts, thus avoiding an external incision, may become an appealing alternative to this approach. As our group has shown, nontraumatic endoscopic inspection of the seminal ducts is feasible in the human cadaver. We investigated the feasibility and reliability of occlusion using several commercially available medical sealing agents in the porcine vas deferens (VD)...
August 17, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807752/vasectomy-practice-patterns-among-family-medicine-physicians-and-compliance-with-the-american-urological-association-2012-vasectomy-guidelines
#20
Daniel D Shapiro, Sandra A Kamnetz, Brian V Le
OBJECTIVE: To survey urologists and family medicine physicians (FMPs) within a single institution to determine current vasectomy practice patterns and determine compliance with 2012 American Urological Association (AUA) vasectomy guidelines. METHODS: In 2016, a single-institution survey was conducted to understand the vasectomy practice patterns among urologists and nonurologists. The survey questions and 3 clinical scenarios were designed based on the 2012 AUA vasectomy guidelines...
November 2017: Urology
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