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Ferdinand Krappel, Marco Brayda-Bruno, Giovanni Alessi, Jean-Michel Remacle, Luis Alberto Lopez, Jesus Javier Fernández, Gianluca Maestretti, Christian W A Pfirrmann
PURPOSE: To investigate the short and medium term efficacy and patient outcomes of DIAM spinal stabilization system on back pain, disability, leg pain and quality of life. METHODS: 165 patients were enrolled; 146 patients with a single level disc herniation (L2 to L5) were randomized: 75 investigational (herniectomy and DIAM) and 71 control (herniectomy alone) treated and followed up for 24 months. RESULTS: Significant improvements overtime (P < 0...
October 4, 2016: European Spine Journal
Ashish Jain, Ajju Agnihotri, Neelam Marwaha, Ratti Ram Sharma
INTRODUCTION: Red cell allo- and auto-immunization is a well recognized problem in multi-transfused thalassemic patients. We conducted this study on 301 multi-transfused thalassemic patients under the Thalassemia Transfusion Programme of Advanced Pediatric Centre of PGIMER. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The study was designed to determine the frequency of alloimmunization and autoimmunization in multi-transfused thalassemic patients and to establish the specificity of alloantibody to red cell antigens, if alloimmunization is detected...
July 2016: Asian Journal of Transfusion Science
A Michael Morey, Frédéric Noo, Dan J Kadrmas
Positron emission tomography (PET) images are typically reconstructed with an in-plane pixel size of approximately 4mm for cancer imaging. The objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of using smaller pixels on general oncologic lesion-detection. A series of observer studies was performed using experimental phantom data from the Utah PET Lesion Detection Database, which modeled whole-body FDG PET cancer imaging of a 92kg patient. The data comprised 24 scans over 4 days on a Biograph mCT time-of-flight (TOF) PET/CT scanner, with up to 23 lesions (diam...
June 2016: IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science
Zhe Lu, Amila O De Silva, Thomas E Peart, Cyril J Cook, Gerald R Tetreault, Mark R Servos, Derek C G Muir
Substituted diphenylamine antioxidants (SDPAs) and benzotriazole UV stabilizers (BZT-UVs), previously under reported classes of organic contaminants, were determined in sediment, water, and freshwater biota in an urban creek in Canada. SDPAs and BZT-UVs were frequently detected in all matrices including upstream of the urban area in a rural agricultural/woodlot region, suggesting a ubiquitous presence and bioaccumulation of these emerging contaminants. Spatial comparisons were characterized by higher levels of SDPAs downstream compared with the upstream, implying a possible influence of the urban activities on the antioxidant contamination in the sampling area...
September 6, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
Mehrab Esmaeili, Ramin Heydari, Zahra Majd Taheri, Yiwu Fang, Hongmei Li
Cryptaphelenchus iranicus n. sp., recovered from bark and wood samples of a weakened Pinus nigra in Kermanshah Province, western Iran, is described. The new species has females with body length of 250-330 µm and males 230-275 µm long, lip region set-off from body contour, 7-8 μm long stylet with small basal swellings, excretory pore located at 1.5-2.0 body diam. posterior to median bulb, post-vulval uterine sac short, 7-10 µm long and conical female posterior body end (tail) ending to a pointed tip. Males of the new species have seven (1+2+2+2) caudal papillae and a short mucro at tail tip...
2016: Zootaxa
Sukran Artiran, Altay Atalay, Selma Gökahmetoglu, Mehmet Adnan Ozturk, Nurgul Balci, Nuri Cakir, Huseyin Kilic, Riza Durmaz
BACKGROUND: In this study, the fresh stool samples from 254 children under 5 years of age with acute gastroenteritis which were delivered between October 2012 and December 2013 were collected. METHODS: In the stool samples, rotavirus antigens were investigated using two different immunochromatographic methods which are routinely used at different times, namely the RIDA(®) QUICK Rotavirus/Adenovirus Combi Test (R-Biopharm AG, Germany) and the Genx(®) Rotavirus Test (Diamed-Lab, Turkey), in addition to the Rotavirus Ag (Stool) ELISA (DRG, Germany) kit...
July 25, 2016: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
Alejandro J Lopez, Justin K Scheer, Nader S Dahdaleh, Alpesh A Patel, Zachary A Smith
STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review. OBJECTIVE: The available literature on interspinous rigid fixation/fusion devices (IFD) was systematically reviewed to explore the devices' efficacy and complication profile. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The clinical application of new spinal technologies may proceed without well-established evidence, as is the case with IFDs. IFDs are plate-like devices that are attached to the lateral aspects of 2 adjacent spinous processes to promote rigidity at that segment...
July 19, 2016: Clinical Spine Surgery
Zhe Lu, Thomas E Peart, Cyril J Cook, Amila O De Silva
Analytical methods were developed for the determination of eight substituted diphenylamines (SDPAs) and six benzotriazole UV stabilizers (BZT-UVs) in blood plasma and fish homogenate matrices. Liquid-liquid extraction by methyl tert-butyl ether and denaturation by KOH following silica gel packed column clean-up was employed for blood plasma preparation. For the fish homogenate samples, ultrasonic assisted solvent extraction combined with automated gel permeation chromatography and silica gel packed column clean-up was used...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. A
Perry Schein, Dakota O'Dell, David Erickson
Here we measure the hindered diffusion of an optically confined nanoparticle in the direction normal to a surface, and we use this to determine the particle-surface interaction profile in terms of the absolute height. These studies are performed using the evanescent field of an optically excited single-mode silicon nitride waveguide, where the particle is confined in a height-dependent potential energy well generated from the balance of optical gradient and surface forces. Using a high-speed cmos camera, we demonstrate the ability to capture the short time-scale diffusion dominated motion for 800-nm-diam polystyrene particles, with measurement times of only a few seconds per particle...
June 2016: Physical Review. E
Abeer Mohamed Abdelrazik, Shahira Morsy Elshafie, Manal Niazi El Said, Ghada M Ezzat Ahmed, Al-Kassem Ahmed Al-Gamil, Mona Gamal Mostafa El Nahhas, Ahmed Ali Badie Sady
BACKGROUND: β-Thalassemia is considered the most common chronic hemolytic anemia in Egypt. Alloimmunization can lead to serious clinical complications in transfusion-dependent patients. The objective of this study was to determine the frequency and types of alloantibodies, and, in addition, to study the risk factors that might influence alloimmunization in multiply transfused thalassemia patients in Fayoum, Egypt, with the goal that this study could help minimize some of the transfusion-associated risks in those patients...
September 2016: Transfusion
Mehrab Esmaeili, Ramin Heydari, Mozhgan Ziaie, Jianfeng Gu
Aphelenchoides fuchsi sp. n. is described and illustrated from bark and wood samples of a weakened Mondell pine in Kermanshah Province, western Iran. The new species has body length of 332 to 400 µm (females) and 365 to 395 µm (males). Lip region set off from body contour. The cuticle is weakly annulated, and there are four lines in the lateral field. The stylet is 8 to 10 μm long and has small basal swellings. The excretory pore is located ca one body diam. posterior to metacorpus valve or 51 to 62 μm from the head...
March 2016: Journal of Nematology
Mingjun Xuan, Zhiguang Wu, Jingxin Shao, Luru Dai, Tieyan Si, Qiang He
We describe fuel-free, near-infrared (NIR)-driven Janus mesoporous silica nanoparticle motors (JMSNMs) with diameters of 50, 80, and 120 nm. The Janus structure of the JMSNMs is generated by vacuum sputtering of a 10 nm Au layer on one side of the MSNMs. Upon exposure to an NIR laser, a localized photothermal effect on the Au half-shells results in the formation of thermal gradients across the JMSNMs; thus, the generated self-thermophoresis can actively drive the nanomotors to move at an ultrafast speed, for instance, up to 950 body lengths/s for 50 nm JMSNMs under an NIR laser power of 70...
May 25, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Jonathan E Elliott, Tanya S Omar, Carlos B Mantilla, Gary C Sieck
What is the central question of this study? Several rat models are commonly used to study the physiology of ageing (e.g. Fischer 344 and Brown Norway rats are recommended by the USA National Institute of Ageing). Diaphragm muscle sarcopenia (ageing-related muscle weakness and atrophy) remains incompletely described in these rat models. What is the main finding and its importance? Diaphragm muscle sarcopenia is present in both the Fischer 344 and Brown Norway rat strains, but appears more pronounced in Fischer 344 rats...
July 1, 2016: Experimental Physiology
C Fiol, R Ungerfeld
The objectives of this study were to characterize the LH secretion pattern and the follicular development of anestrous beef heifers during early exposure (first 30 d of exposure) to androgenized steers (AS) and to determine if exposure to AS for 80 d (includes the first 30 d and 50 d more) advances the onset of ovarian cyclic activity. Twenty-nine anestrous Hereford heifers (20.2 ± 4.1 mo old and 257.5 ± 32.5 kg of BW) were allocated to 2 homogeneous groups according to their age and BW: 1) heifers exposed to AS (group EH; = 15) for 80 d and 2) control heifers, isolated from AS and any other male during all the course of the study (group CH; = 14)...
March 2016: Journal of Animal Science
Dawei Jiang, Yunchao Liu, Aiping Wang, Gaiping Zhang, Guoyu Yang, Yumei Chen, Pengchao Ji, Chang Liu, Yapeng Song, Yunfang Su, Guoqiang Wang, Jucai Wang, Baolei Zhao, Ruiguang Deng
OBJECTIVES: To improve the expression of soluble IBDV VP2 protein by using different tagged vectors in Escherichia coli. RESULTS: Fusion tags, Grifin, MBP, SUMO, thioredoxin, γ-crystallin, ArsC and PpiB, enhanced the expression and solubility of VP2 protein. The fusion proteins were purified by Ni-NTA chromatography, MBP-VP2 showed the highest purity about 90 %. After removing the MBP tag, VP2 self-assembled into virus-like particles, ~25 nm diam. Results from AGP suggested the recombinant IBDV VP2 protein identified by reference serum like IBDV...
June 2016: Biotechnology Letters
A L Kheilo, A G Aganesov, K P Mikaelyan, T N Galyan
AIM: To improve the results of surgical treatment of lumbar spine stenosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Surgical treatment of 84 patients was analyzed. There were 2 groups consisting of 48 and 36 patients respectively. Advanced decompression and fusion were performed in group 1, minimally invasive decompression (flavectomy, marginal arch resection, facetectomy) with implantstion of interspinous dynamic implants DIAM -- in group 2. Patients with isthmic spondylolisthesis were excluded...
2016: Khirurgiia
Sitthichai Wanachantararak, Orapin Ajcharanukul, Noppakun Vongsavan, Bruce Matthews
OBJECTIVE: To determine if dentine at the enamel-dentine junction (EDJ) in man is more sensitive to hydrostatic pressure stimuli then deeper dentine. DESIGN: Cavities (1mm diam.) were cut at the tips of the buccal and lingual cusps of 8 premolars in 3 subjects (ages: 22-25 years). Both cavities were initially deepened to expose the EDJ then one (the test cavity) was deepened in steps of 0.5mm to a maximum of 2.0 mm below the EDJ. The cavities were tested at each stage, before and after etching, with 5s, hydrostatic pressure stimuli between 400 mm above, and 400 mm below atmospheric...
June 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
M Santos, L M Carreira
This study was performed in a sample of 20 dogs (n = 20) and aimed to: (1) characterize the mandible height (Mh), mandibular canal height (MCh) and distance between the inter-dental alveolar margin and the mandibular canal (dIAM-MC) dimensions, and (2) to develop mathematical models that express the insight's mandible anatomy of those important mandible structural elements allowing the prediction of their dimensions using physical parameters such as patient body weight (Wg) and the canine tooth width at the free gingival margin level-(wCGM)...
February 2, 2016: Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia
Wooho Song, So Yeong Bahn, Hyung Joon Cha, Seung Pil Pack, Yoo Seong Choi
OBJECTIVES: To overcome the limited production capability of shell matrix proteins and efficiently conduct in vitro CaCO3 biomineralization studies, a putative recombinant shell matrix protein was prepared and characterized. RESULTS: A glycine-rich protein (GRP_BA) was found in Pinctada fucata as a putative shell matrix protein (NCBI reference sequence; BAA20465). It was genetically redesigned for the production in Escherichia coli. The recombinant protein was obtained in a 400 ml shake-flask culture at approx...
May 2016: Biotechnology Letters
Alex D Williams, Barbara E Brown, Lalita Putchim, Michael J Sweet
This study investigated the relationship between microbial communities in differently sized colonies of the massive coral Coelastrea aspera at Phuket, Thailand where colony size could be used as a proxy for age. Results indicated significant differences between the bacterial diversity (ANOSIM, R = 0.76, p = 0.001) of differently sized colonies from the same intertidal reef habitat. Juvenile and small colonies (< 6 cm mean diam) harboured a lower bacterial richness than medium (~ 10 cm mean diam) and large colonies (> 28 cm mean diam)...
2015: PloS One
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