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Wheeze infants

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902648/incidence-and-burden-of-pertussis-among-infants-less-than-1-year-of-age
#1
Cristina Masseria, Carolyn K Martin, Girishanthy Krishnarajah, Laura K Becker, Ami Buikema, Tina Q Tan
BACKGROUND: Infant-specific pertussis data, especially among neonates, are limited and variable. This study (NCT01890850) provides overall and age-specific pertussis incidence and associated healthcare utilization and costs among commercially insured infants in the United States. METHODS: Nearly 1.2 million infants born from 2005-2010 with commercial health plan coverage were followed during their first 12 months of life. Pertussis cases were identified from medical claims (ICD-9-CM 033...
November 28, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891060/human-metapneumovirus-in-the-preterm-neonate-current-perspectives
#2
Nathalie L Maitre, John V Williams
Premature birth (<37 weeks gestation) occurs in ~11% of all births in the US. These infants are at risk of chronic lung disease and respiratory conditions, including bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Respiratory viruses are important causes of acute respiratory illness (ARI) in preterm infants, leading to rehospitalization, increased health care burden, and long-term morbidity. Human metapneumovirus (HMPV) is a paramyxovirus discovered in 2001 that is related to respiratory syncytial virus. Epidemiologic studies show that HMPV is a leading cause of ARI in children and adults worldwide...
2016: Research and Reports in Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880031/increased-levels-of-plasma-soluble-human-leukocyte-antigen-g-in-persistent-wheezy-infants
#3
Fulya Tahan, Hatice Eke Gungor, Himmet Haluk Akar, Berkay Saraymen
BACKGROUND: Human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-G is a non-classical major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I antigen characterized by limited polymorphism in its coding region, unique tissue expression pattern in physiologic conditions and immunomodulatory properties. Recently, many studies suggest that the levels of sHLA-G were higher in atopic asthma and allergic rhinitis (AR). However, this remains to be uncertain in wheezy infants. In the present study, it was aimed to determine sHLA-G levels in wheezy infants...
November 23, 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869106/computerized-wheeze-detection-in-young-infants-comparison-of-signals-from-tracheal-and-chest-wall-sensors
#4
Lia C Puder, Silke Wilitzki, Christoph Bührer, Hendrik S Fischer, Gerd Schmalisch
Computerized wheeze detection is an established method for objective assessment of respiratory sounds. In infants, this method has been used to detect subclinical airway obstruction and to monitor treatment effects. The optimal location for the acoustic sensors, however, is unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of respiratory sound recordings in young infants, and to determine whether the position of the sensor affected computerized wheeze detection. Respiratory sounds were recorded over the left lateral chest wall and the trachea in 112 sleeping infants (median postmenstrual age: 49 weeks) on 129 test occasions using an automatic wheeze detection device (PulmoTrack(®))...
November 21, 2016: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865539/meta-analysis-of-prevalence-of-wheezing-and-recurrent-wheezing-in-infants
#5
I Alvarez-Alvarez, H Niu, F Guillen-Grima, I Aguinaga-Ontoso
BACKGROUND: Wheezing affects children's quality of life, and is related with asthma in childhood. Although prevalence of wheezing has been previously studied in several countries, there is no reference of worldwide prevalence in infants. The aim of this meta-analysis is to estimate the prevalence of wheezing and recurrent wheezing in infants aged up to two years, and compare the prevalence across world regions. METHODS: Literature search was conducted in MEDLINE and SCOPUS databases, looking for observational studies published up to June 2016, including as keywords "prevalence" or "epidemiology" combined with "wheeze", "wheezing" or "asthma symptoms" and "infant" or "preschool"...
November 16, 2016: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863815/risk-factors-for-recurrent-wheezing-in-the-first-year-of-life-in-the-city-of-c%C3%A3-rdoba-argentina
#6
A Teijeiro, H Badellino, M G Raiden, M N Cuello, G Kevorkof, C Gatti, V H Croce, D Solé
BACKGROUND: Wheezing is a very common respiratory symptom in infants. The prevalence of wheezing in infants, conducted in developed countries shows prevalence rates ranging between 20% and 30%. However, we do not know the risk factors in our population of wheezing infants. METHODS: A standardised written questionnaire (WQ-P1-EISL) in infants between 12 and 18 months of age residing in the city of Cordoba was used; population/sample included 1031 infants. Recurrent wheezing (RW) was defined as three or more episodes of wheezing reported by the parents during the first 12 months of life...
November 15, 2016: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859847/the-association-of-low-birth-weight-with-serum-c-reactive-protein-in-3-year-old-children-living-in-cuba-a-population-based-prospective-study
#7
Silvia Josefina Venero-Fernández, Hermes Fundora-Hernández, Lourdes Batista-Gutierrez, Ramón Suárez-Medina, Esperanza de la C Mora-Faife, Gladys García-García, Ileana Del Valle-Infante, Liem Gómez-Marrero, John Britton, Andrew W Fogarty
OBJECTIVE: Low birthweight is associated with a decreased risk of childhood leukemia and an increased risk of both cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality in adult life. Possible biological mediators include systemic innate immunity and inflammation. We tested the hypothesis that birthweight was inversely associated with serum high sensitivity C reactive protein assay (hsCRP), a measure of both innate immunity and systemic inflammation. METHODS: Data on birthweight and current anthropometric measures along with a range of exposures were collected at 1 and 3 years of age in a population-based cohort study of young children living in Havana, Cuba...
November 18, 2016: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836323/duration-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-and-wheezing-in-the-first-year-of-life-a-longitudinal-study
#8
Elvira Verduci, Giuseppe Banderali, Diego Peroni, Carlotta Lassandro, Giovanni Radaelli
INTRODUCTION: Wheezing is the most common symptom associated with asthma in young children. There is a lack of well-designed prospective studies on the relationship of exclusive breastfeeding with wheezing in infants. This prospective cohort study investigated whether a relationship exists of exclusive breastfeeding with wheezing at 12 months of age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A series of 1632 mother-infant pairs were sequentially recruited. Mothers were trained at hospital on breastfeeding practices and how to recognise wheezing...
November 8, 2016: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832233/lack-of-association-between-viral-load-and-severity-of-acute-bronchiolitis-in-infants
#9
Ana Paula Duarte de Souza, Lidiane Alves de Azeredo Leitão, Fernanda Luisi, Rodrigo Godinho Souza, Sandra Eugênia Coutinho, Jaqueline Ramos da Silva, Rita Mattiello, Paulo Márcio Condessa Pitrez, Renato Tetelbom Stein, Leonardo Araújo Pinto
Objective: To investigate the correlation between respiratory syncytial viral load and length of hospitalization in infants with acute wheezing episodes. Methods: This was a two-year, cross-sectional study of infants ≤ 12 months of age with bronchiolitis at the time of admission to a tertiary hospital. For the identification of respiratory viruses, nasopharyngeal secretions were collected. Samples were analyzed (throughout the study period) by direct immunofluorescence and (in the second year of the study) by quantitative real-time PCR...
July 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831796/diagnostic-evaluation-of-infants-with-recurrent-or-persistent-wheezing
#10
Debra Boyer, Emily Barsky, Christina Michelle Papantonakis, Jessica Pittman, Clement L Ren, Charles R Esther, Kevin C Wilson, Carey C Thomson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817771/-association-between-wheezing-and-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-infection-in-infants-and-young-children
#11
Sheng-Hua Qian, Xiao-Hua Wang, Li Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To study the association between wheezing and Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP) infection in infants and young children. METHODS: A total of 228 hospitalized infants and young children who were diagnosed with lower respiratory tract infection were enrolled and classified into initial wheezing group (n=65), recurrent wheezing group (n=83), and non-wheezing group (n=80). Fasting serum was collected on the day or the second day of admission. ELISA was used to measure MP-IgM, chemiluminescence was used to measure serum total immunoglobulin E (TIgE), and EUROLine was used to measure the common serum allergen specific immunoglobulin E (sIgE)...
November 2016: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811530/clinical-examination-does-not-predict-response-to-albuterol-in-ventilated-infants-with-bronchiolitis
#12
Craig M Schramm, Kathleen A Sala, Christopher L Carroll
OBJECTIVE: Bronchiolitis is a common respiratory infection in infants that is sometimes treated with albuterol. Response to albuterol is determined by clinical assessment, but this subjective determination is potentially unreliable. In this study, we compared providers' clinical assessment of response to albuterol with the measurement of response by pulmonary mechanics in intubated, sedated, and ventilated infants. DESIGN: Before and 20 minutes following racemic albuterol therapy, a nurse, respiratory therapist, and physician performed simultaneous examinations and assessed response to albuterol in a population of intubated infants with bronchiolitis...
November 1, 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803887/immediate-systemic-allergic-reaction-in-an-infant-to-fish-allergen-ingested-through-breast-milk
#13
Takayasu Arima, Eduardo Campos-Alberto, Hiraku Funakoshi, Yuzaburo Inoue, Minako Tomiita, Yoichi Kohno, Naoki Shimojo
This is a rare case report of systemic allergic reaction to fish allergen ingested through breast milk. Mother ate raw fish more than 3 times a week. Her consumption of fish was associated with urticaria and wheeze in an infant via breast-feeding. Fish-specific IgE antibodies were detected by skin prick test but not by in vitro IgE test. This case demonstrates that fish protein ingested by mother can cause an immediate systemic allergic reaction in offspring through breast-feeding. Although fish intake is generally recommended for prevention of allergy, one should be aware that frequent intake of fish by a lactating mother may sensitize the baby and induce an allergic reaction through breast-feeding...
October 2016: Asia Pacific Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794128/association-of-acetaminophen-and-ibuprofen-use-with-wheezing-in-children-with-acute-febrile-illness
#14
Ilan Matok, Arnon Elizur, Amichai Perlman, Shani Ganor, Hagai Levine, Eran Kozer
BACKGROUND: Many infants and children receive acetaminophen and/or ibuprofen during febrile illness. Previously, some studies have linked acetaminophen and ibuprofen use to wheezing and exacerbation of asthma symptoms in infants and children. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether acetaminophen or ibuprofen use are associated with wheezing in children presenting to the emergency department (ED) with febrile illness. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of children who presented with fever to the pediatric ED between 2009 and 2013...
October 27, 2016: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775602/age-related-effect-of-viral-induced-wheezing-in-severe-prematurity
#15
Geovanny F Perez, Amisha Jain, Bassem Kurdi, Rosemary Megalaa, Krishna Pancham, Shehlanoor Huseni, Natalia Isaza, Carlos E Rodriguez-Martinez, Mary C Rose, Dinesh Pillai, Gustavo Nino
Premature children are prone to severe viral respiratory infections in early life, but the age at which susceptibility peaks and disappears for each pathogen is unclear. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed of the age distribution and clinical features of acute viral respiratory infections in full-term and premature children, aged zero to seven years. Results: The study comprised of a total of 630 hospitalizations (n = 580 children). Sixty-seven percent of these hospitalizations occurred in children born full-term (>37 weeks), 12% in preterm (32-37 weeks) and 21% in severely premature children (<32 weeks)...
October 20, 2016: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756492/repercussions-of-preterm-birth-on-symptoms-of-asthma-allergic-diseases-and-pulmonary-function-6-14-years-later
#16
C Gonçalves, G Wandalsen, F Lanza, A L Goulart, D Solé, A Dos Santos
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of allergic diseases and impaired pulmonary function may be high in children born prematurely. This study aimed to assess pulmonary function and prevalence of asthma, atopic diseases and allergic sensitisation in these patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with children aged 6-14 years who were born prematurely with birth weight <2000g from January 2008 to May 2011. Exclusion criteria were: major malformations, or acute respiratory disorders...
October 15, 2016: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751218/-effect-of-obesity-on-treatment-outcome-of-asthma-predictive-index-positive-infants-and-young-children-with-wheezing
#17
Bo Chen, Shuai Feng, Xiao-Wen Yin
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of obesity on the treatment outcome of asthma predictive index (API)-positive infants and young children with wheezing. METHODS: A total of 208 API-positive infants and young children with wheezing were enrolled. According to the Kaup index, the patients were divided into an obese group (n=93) and a non-obese group (n=115). The patients were given multimodality therapy in an acute episode of wheezing and aerosol inhalation of inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) budesonide suspension in the remission stage...
October 2016: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743968/-respiratory-viral-infections-in-a-cohort-of-children-during-the-first-year-of-life-and-their-role-in-the-development-of-wheezing
#18
Cristina Calvo, Isabel Aguado, María Luz García-García, Esther Ruiz-Chercoles, Eloisa Díaz-Martinez, Rosa María Albañil, Olga Campelo, Antonio Olivas, Luisa Muñóz-Gonzalez, Francisco Pozo, Rosa Fernandez-Arroyo, Adelaida Fernandez-Rincón, Ana Calderon, Inmaculada Casas
INTRODUCTION: It is known that infants with viral respiratory infections severe enough to require hospital admission have a high risk of developing recurrent wheezing. Few data have been published on unselected populations. The main aim of this study was to analyse symptomatic and asymptomatic respiratory viral infections during the first year of life in a cohort of infants, recruited at birth, and the development of recurrent wheezing. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 302 newborns were recruited...
October 13, 2016: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692144/bronchodilator-response-in-wheezing-infants-assessed-by-the-raised-volume-rapid-thoracic-compression-technique
#19
Fernanda Cordoba Lanza, Gustavo Falbo Wandalsen, Amelia Miyashiro Dos Santos, Dirceu Solé
BACKGROUND: Bronchodilator response (BDR) analyzed by the raised volume rapid thoracic compression (RVRTC) in wheezing infants is not yet well described, although bronchodilators (BD) are routine in the treatment of this population. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate BDR by RVRTC technique in infants with recurrent wheezing and compare to control group. METHOD: Cross sectional study, 45 infants, age 56 weeks (38-67 weeks). Two groups: wheezing group (WG: history of recurrent wheezing) and control group (CG)...
October 2016: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668919/the-utility-of-bedside-lung-ultrasound-findings-in-bronchiolitis
#20
Joanna S Cohen, Naomi Hughes, Sonny Tat, James M Chamberlain, Stephen J Teach, Keith Boniface
OBJECTIVES: Recent literature suggests that bedside lung ultrasound may have a role in the evaluation of infants with bronchiolitis. B lines, which are multiple and diffuse vertical artifacts spreading from the lung pleural interface to the edge of the ultrasound screen, have been associated with thickened interlobular septa, extravascular lung water, and diffuse parenchymal disease. The aims of this study were (1) to describe the prevalence of B lines in children younger than 24 months presenting to the emergency department with wheezing, (2) to determine the interrater reliability of lung ultrasound findings in this setting, and (3) to determine the association of B lines with atopy and other clinical findings...
September 23, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
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