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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045912/the-lived-experience-of-first-year-undergraduate-student-nurses-a-hermeneutic-phenomenological-study
#1
Debra J Porteous, Alison Machin
INTRODUCTION: This study gives insight into the experiences and perceptions of one group of undergraduate nursing students as they make the transition into Higher Education and the nursing profession, during the first year, of their three-year programme. Research has shown that first year undergraduate experience is complex and challenging for any student. For undergraduate nursing students, the process of achieving additional professional practice competencies required for United Kingdom nursing registration adds additional responsibility and potentially, more pressure...
October 3, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045032/aretrospective-review-of-six-hundred-nineteen-cases-to-determine-the-prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-revision-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-in-afrs-vs-non-afrs-patients
#2
Alykhan Rajwani, Jamil Manji, Andres Finkelstein-Kulka, Al-Rahim R Habib, Saad Alsaleh, Luis Macias-Valle, Amin R Javer
Patients undergoing revision functional endoscopic sinus surgery (rFESS) for refractory chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) are more likely to be older, have worse pre-operative Lund-Mackay CT scores, and poorer quality-of-life scores than primary FESS patients. Patients with more aggressive forms of CRS such as CRS with nasal polyposis (CRSwNP) or allergic fungal rhinosinusitis (AFRS) may fare worse in the long term with residual disease and be more likely to seek out tertiary institutions for treatment including rFESS...
October 17, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044408/testing-a-positive-psychological-intervention-for-osteoarthritis
#3
Leslie R M Hausmann, Ada Youk, C Kent Kwoh, Said A Ibrahim, Michael J Hannon, Debra K Weiner, Rollin M Gallagher, Acacia Parks
Objective: Osteoarthritis is a leading cause of disability for which there is no cure. Psychosocial-oriented treatments are underexplored. We developed and tested an intervention to build positive psychological skills (e.g., gratitude) to reduce osteoarthritis symptom severity, including pain and functioning, and to improve psychosocial well-being in patients with knee or hip osteoarthritis. Design: Two-arm randomized design with six-month follow-up. Setting: An academic Veterans Affairs Medical Center...
October 1, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040615/exploring-cascading-effects-of-multimodal-communication-skills-in-infants-with-hearing-loss
#4
Megan Y Roberts, Lauren H Hampton
Infants and toddlers with hearing loss (HL) are at risk for developing communicative delays that can have a substantial lasting effect. Understanding child characteristics that may be targeted in early intervention is essential to maximizing communicative outcomes in children with HL. Among the most malleable predictors of communication skills include maternal responsivity, gestures, and vocalizations. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship among maternal responsivity, prelinguistic communication skills and expressive vocabulary in children with HL...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038562/interacting-learning-processes-during-skill-acquisition-learning-to-control-with-gradually-changing-system-dynamics
#5
Nicolas Ludolph, Martin A Giese, Winfried Ilg
There is increasing evidence that sensorimotor learning under real-life conditions relies on a composition of several learning processes. Nevertheless, most studies examine learning behaviour in relation to one specific learning mechanism. In this study, we examined the interaction between reward-based skill acquisition and motor adaptation to changes of object dynamics. Thirty healthy subjects, split into two groups, acquired the skill of balancing a pole on a cart in virtual reality. In one group, we gradually increased the gravity, making the task easier in the beginning and more difficult towards the end...
October 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036844/multiple-sclerosis-and-sexual-dysfunction-a%C3%A2-need-for-further-education-and%C3%A2-interdisciplinary-care
#6
Kate E Delaney, Jayne Donovan
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune condition affecting young women and men, resulting in varied disabilities, including sexual dysfunction. OBJECTIVE: This narrative review aims to describe the prevalence, pathophysiology, and impact of sexual dysfunction in people with MS (PwMS); provide a review of current assessment and treatment strategies; and offer considerations for future care. METHODS: Literature review was performed to identify primary and secondary sources discussing sexual dysfunction in PwMS...
October 8, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034599/process-and-impact-of-dialectical-behaviour-therapy-a-systematic-review-of-perceptions-of-clients-with-a-diagnosis-of-borderline-personality-disorder
#7
REVIEW
Hannah Little, Anna Tickle, Roshan das Nair
PURPOSE: To identify, appraise, and synthesize findings from qualitative studies of individuals diagnosed with borderline personality disorder who have experienced dialectical behaviour therapy, to gain further understanding of their perceptions of the process and impact of therapy. METHODS: We conducted a comprehensive systematic search of the literature from several online databases, and appraised them using an adapted version of the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme tool...
October 16, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034350/function-preserving-surgery-for-gastric-cancer-current-status-and-future-perspectives
#8
REVIEW
Souya Nunobe, Naoki Hiki
The number of early gastric cancer (EGC) cases has been increasing because of improved diagnostic procedures including endoscopy and screening systems. Therefore, function-preserving gastrectomy (FPG) for EGC with the expectation of better quality of life (QOL) after surgery may be increasingly utilized, due to its association with low rate of lymph node metastasis and excellent survival and the possibility of employing less invasive procedures such as laparoscopic gastrectomy in combination. Pylorus-preserving gastrectomy (PPG) with curative intent lymph node dissection is a representative FPG that has been used in EGC, and its superiorities, indications, limitations, and survival benefits have already been reported in several retrospective studies...
2017: Translational Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034000/ethnographic-exploration-of-empowerment-to-improve-elderly-residents-quality-of-life
#9
Seyed Zia Tabatabaei, Fatemeh Ebrahimi, Azimi Bin Hj Hamzah, Mohsen Rezaeian, Mahnaz Akbari Kamrani
BACKGROUND: Evidence underscores that empowerment is central to improve the elderly residents' quality of life. In truth, empowerment is a process through which individuals gain better control over their life. The aim of this study was to explore how perceived empowerment influence on the quality of life among elderly Malay residents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A focus ethnographic approach was employed in a Malaysian residential home between May 2011 and January 2012...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025504/distress-tolerance-links-sleep-problems-with-stress-and-health-in-homeless
#10
Lorraine R Reitzel, Nicole A Short, Norman B Schmidt, Lorra Garey, Michael J Zvolensky, Alexis Moisiuc, Carrie Reddick, Darla E Kendzor, Michael S Businelle
OBJECTIVE: We examined associations between sleep problems, distress intolerance, and perceived stress and health in a convenience sample of homeless adults. METHODS: Participants (N = 513, 36% women, Mage = 44.5 ±11.9) self-reported sleep adequacy, sleep duration, unintentional sleep during the daytime, distress tolerance, urban stress, and days of poor mental health and days of poor physical health over the last month. The indirect effects of sleep problems on stress and health through distress tolerance were examined using a non-parametric, bias-corrected bootstrapping procedure...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023517/developmental-delay-in-the-amazon-the-social-determinants-and-prevalence-among-rural-communities-in-peru
#11
Christopher Westgard, Yossef Alnasser
The consequences of poor child development are becoming increasingly recognized. Programs are being put in place around the world to improve child development by providing healthy and stimulating environments for children. However, these programs often have limited reach and little is known about the prevalence of developmental delay in under-developed communities. The current study set-out to better understand the prevalence of developmental delay in rural communities in the Amazon region of Peru. Also, it explores social determinants that are associated with any delay...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022724/age-differences-in-positive-feelings-and-their-expression
#12
Margund K Rohr, Cornelia Wieck, Ute Kunzmann
Although various studies point to the importance of positive emotions for health and well-being across the entire life span, current research on age differences in emotional reactivity mainly focuses on negative emotions. Empirical evidence on positive emotions is scarce and mixed. Part of the inconsistencies may be related to study differences in the stimuli used and the emotional response systems considered. Thus, the present study examined different response systems (i.e., subjective feelings, facial and verbal expressions) and used internal stimuli of high personal relevance to all participants...
October 12, 2017: Psychology and Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021623/preference-for-novel-faces-in-male-infant-monkeys-predicts-cerebrospinal-fluid-oxytocin-concentrations-later-in-life
#13
Jesus E Madrid, Ozge Oztan, Valentina Sclafani, Laura A Del Rosso, Laura A Calonder, Katie Chun, John P Capitanio, Joseph P Garner, Karen J Parker
The ability to recognize individuals is a critical skill acquired early in life for group living species. In primates, individual recognition occurs predominantly through face discrimination. Despite the essential adaptive value of this ability, robust individual differences in conspecific face recognition exist, yet its associated biology remains unknown. Although pharmacological administration of oxytocin has implicated this neuropeptide in face perception and social memory, no prior research has tested the relationship between individual differences in face recognition and endogenous oxytocin concentrations...
October 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020864/end-of-life-care-a-qualitative-study-comparing-the-views-of-people-with-dementia-and-family-carers
#14
Marie Poole, Claire Bamford, Emma McLellan, Richard P Lee, Catherine Exley, Julian C Hughes, Karen Harrison-Dening, Louise Robinson
BACKGROUND: In recent years, UK policy has increasingly recognised the importance of end-of-life care in dementia. While professional consensus on optimal palliative care in dementia has been reported, little is known about the perspectives of people with dementia and family carers. AIM: To compare the views of people with dementia and family carers of people with dementia (current and recently bereaved) on optimal end-of-life care. DESIGN: Qualitative interviews (32) and a focus group were conducted...
October 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020846/patients-and-caregivers-needs-experiences-preferences-and-research-priorities-in-spiritual-care-a-focus-group-study-across-nine-countries
#15
Lucy Ellen Selman, Lisa Jane Brighton, Shane Sinclair, Ikali Karvinen, Richard Egan, Peter Speck, Richard A Powell, Ewa Deskur-Smielecka, Myra Glajchen, Shelly Adler, Christina Puchalski, Joy Hunter, Nancy Gikaara, Jonathon Hope
BACKGROUND: Spiritual distress is prevalent in advanced disease, but often neglected, resulting in unnecessary suffering. Evidence to inform spiritual care practices in palliative care is limited. AIM: To explore spiritual care needs, experiences, preferences and research priorities in an international sample of patients with life-limiting disease and family caregivers. DESIGN: Focus group study. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Separate patient and caregiver focus groups were conducted at 11 sites in South Africa, Kenya, South Korea, the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, Belgium, Finland and Poland...
October 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020804/multi-informant-assessment-of-transition-related-skills-and-skill-importance-in-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#16
Kara Hume, Jessica Dykstra Steinbrenner, John Sideris, Leann Smith, Suzanne Kucharczyk, Kate Szidon
Adolescents with autism spectrum disorder have limited participation in the transition planning process, despite the link between active participation and an improvement in postsecondary education and employment outcomes. The Secondary School Success Checklist was designed to support transition planning for adolescents with autism spectrum disorder by incorporating their own assessments of strengths, skill deficits, and prioritization for instruction along with those of their parents and teachers across multiple skill domains...
October 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020127/an-exploration-of-addiction-in-adults-experiencing-early-life-stress-a-metasynthesis
#17
Carla Araujo Bastos Teixeira, Gerri Lasiuk, Sylvia Barton, Maria Neyrian de Fatima Fernandes, Edilaine Cristina da Silva Gherardi-Donato
OBJECTIVE: to review and synthesize qualitative research on the links between early-life stress and addiction behaviours in adulthood. METHOD: metasynthesis to review qualitative research findings based on procedures that outline how to identify themes or constructs across studies in a specific area. Comprehensive searches of multiple electronic databases were performed. The initial search yielded 1050 articles and the titles and abstracts were screened for inclusion based on predetermined criteria...
October 5, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020013/in-utero-and-lactational-exposure-to-low-doses-of-the-pyrethroid-insecticide-cypermethrin-leads-to-neurodevelopmental-defects-in-male-mice-an-ethological-and-transcriptomic-study
#18
Anthony Laugeray, Ameziane Herzine, Olivier Perche, Olivier Richard, Céline Montecot-Dubourg, Arnaud Menuet, Séverine Mazaud-Guittot, Laurianne Lesné, Bernard Jegou, Stéphane Mortaud
Accumulating evidence suggests that developmental exposure to environmental chemicals may modify the course of brain development, ultimately leading to neuropsychiatric / neurodegenerative disorders later in life. In the present study, we assessed the impact of one of the most frequently used pesticides in both residential and agricultural applications - the synthetic pyrethroid cypermethrin (CYP) - on developmental neurotoxicity (DNT). Female mice were perinatally exposed to low doses of CYP (5 and 20 mg/kg body weight) from gestation to postnatal day 15...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019799/to-see-the-suffering
#19
Rita Charon
The author notes the impressive growth in medical humanities programs, scholarly journals, textbooks, and national and international conferences as well as the convening of two recent national forums or boards addressing the potential of the humanities and the arts to improve medical practice. She also notes that the field of medical humanities seems to have shifted from addressing topics on the margins of medical education to equipping students with the foundational skills required for effective doctoring...
October 10, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018615/a-randomized-control-trial-feasibility-evaluation-of-an-mhealth-intervention-for-wheelchair-skill-training-among-middle-aged-and-older-adults
#20
Edward M Giesbrecht, William C Miller
BACKGROUND: Providing mobility skills training to manual wheelchair (MWC) users can have a positive impact on community participation, confidence and quality of life. Often such training is restricted or not provided at all because of the expense of, and limited access to, occupational and physical therapists before and after discharge. This is particularly true among middle-aged and older adults, who often have limited access to rehabilitation services and require more time to learn motor skills...
2017: PeerJ
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