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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691883/the-impact-of-nursing-education-and-job-characteristics-on-nurse-s-perceptions-of-their-family-nursing-practice-skills
#1
Erla Kolbrun Svavarsdottir, Anna Olafia Sigurdardottir, Elisabet Konradsdottir, Gudny Bergthora Tryggvadottir
BACKGROUND: Implementing family system nursing in clinical settings is on the rise. However, little is known about the impact of graduate school education as well as continuing education in family systems nursing (FSN) on nurses' perceptions of their family nursing practice. AIMS: To evaluate the level of nursing education, having taken a continuing hospital educational course in family system nursing (FN-ETI programme), and the impact of job characteristics on nurses' perceptions of their family nursing practice skills...
April 25, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688775/impacts-of-hiv-stigma-on-psychosocial-well-being-and-substance-use-behaviors-among-people-living-with-hiv-aids-in-china-across-the-life-span
#2
Chen Zhang, Xiaoming Li, Yu Liu, Yuejiao Zhou, Zhiyong Shen, Yi Chen
To date, existing studies have indicated that stigma against people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) negatively affects their psychosocial well-being, and the impact may differ by age. In the current study, we aim to assess the impact of various types of stigma on PLWHA's psychological status and concomitant substance use. We explored different types of HIV stigma with psychosocial well-being and substance use employing mixed effect models among 2,987 Chinese PLWHA. Multivariate analyses revealed that each type of HIV stigma is positively associated with psychosocial distress, but negatively related to resilience and self-esteem across all age groups of PLWHA, with enacted stigma showing the strongest impact...
April 2018: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687186/attitude-towards-end-of-life-communication-of-austrian-medical-students
#3
Tamara Rumpold, Carola Lütgendorf-Caucig, Henriette Löffler-Stastka, Sophie Roider-Schur, Richard Pötter, Kathrin Kirchheiner
Medical students have to acquire theoretical knowledge, practical skills, and a personal attitude to meet the emerging needs of palliative care. The present study aimed to assess the personal attitude of Austrian medical students towards end of life communication (EOLC), as key part of palliative care. This cross-sectional, mono-institutional assessment invited all medical students at the Medical University of Vienna in 2015. The assessment was conducted web-based via questionnaire about attitudes towards EOLC...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686764/a-comparison-of-assessment-tools-is-direct-observation-an-improvement-over-objective-structured-clinical-examinations-for-communications-skills-evaluation
#4
Abraham M Goch, Raj Karia, David Taormina, Adina Kalet, Joseph Zuckerman, Kenneth A Egol, Donna Phillips
Background : Evaluation of resident physicians' communications skills is a challenging task and is increasingly accomplished with standardized examinations. There exists a need to identify the effective, efficient methods for assessment of communications skills. Objective : We compared objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) and direct observation as approaches for assessing resident communications skills. Methods : We conducted a retrospective cohort analysis of orthopaedic surgery resident physicians at a single tertiary care academic institution, using the Institute for Healthcare Communication "4 Es" model for effective communication...
April 2018: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682857/fifth-year-dental-students-visions-of-leadership-a-qualitative-study
#5
H Taipale, T A Tuononen, A L Suominen
INTRODUCTION: Leadership skills are important in dentists' work. Leadership education already in undergraduate curriculum is noteworthy. The aim of this qualitative study was to describe dental students' visions of leadership: how they imagined they end up in leadership position, factors supporting either staying in or leaving the position and their future views. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data were gathered after participants, fifth-year dental students, attended a "Dentist as a Leader" study module...
April 22, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680811/does-the-age-of-acute-care-physicians-impact-their-1-crisis-management-performance-and-2-learning-after-simulation-based-education-a-protocol-for-a-multicentre-prospective-cohort-study-in-toronto-and-ottawa-canada
#6
Fahad Alam, Vicki R LeBlanc, Alan Baxter, Jordan Tarshis, Dominique Piquette, Yuqi Gu, Caroline Filipkowska, Ashley Krywenky, Nicole Kester-Greene, Pierre Cardinal, Shelly Au, Sandy Lam, Sylvain Boet, Perioperative Anesthesia Clinical Trials Group
INTRODUCTION: The proportion of older acute care physicians (ACPs) has been steadily increasing. Ageing is associated with physiological changes and prospective research investigating how such age-related physiological changes affect clinical performance, including crisis resource management (CRM) skills, is lacking. There is a gap in the literature on whether physician's age influences baseline CRM performance and also learning from simulation. We aim to investigate whether ageing is associated with baseline CRM skills of ACPs (emergency, critical care and anaesthesia) using simulated crisis scenarios and to assess whether ageing influences learning from simulation-based education...
April 21, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678414/breast-reconstruction-after-mastectomy
#7
Thierry Tondu, Wiebren A A Tjalma, Filip E F Thiessen
Reconstructive surgery aims to improve quality of life by recreating a natural-looking breast that is warm to the touch. To obtain symmetry and body contour alignment, restoration of volume within the skin envelope is mandatory. The chosen reconstruction technique depends on the characteristics of the diseased breast, the shape and volume of the contralateral breast, and the technical skills of the surgical team. Timing, type and different possibilities of breast reconstruction are discussed.
April 14, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675816/brc4env-a-network-of-biological-resource-centres-for-research-in-environmental-and-agricultural-sciences
#8
Christian Mougin, Emmanuelle Artige, Frédéric Marchand, Samuel Mondy, Céline Ratié, Nadine Sellier, Philippe Castagnone-Sereno, Armelle Cœur D'Acier, Daniel Esmenjaud, Céline Faivre-Primot, Laurent Granjon, Valérie Hamelet, Frederic Lange, Sylvie Pagès, Frédéric Rimet, Nicolas Ris, Guillaume Sallé
The Biological Resource Centre for the Environment BRC4Env is a network of Biological Resource Centres (BRCs) and collections whose leading objectives are to improve the visibility of genetic and biological resources maintained by its BRCs and collections and to facilitate their use by a large research community, from agriculture research to life sciences and environmental sciences. Its added value relies on sharing skills, harmonizing practices, triggering projects in comparative biology, and ultimately proposing a single-entry portal to facilitate access to documented samples, taking into account the partnership policies of research institutions as well as the legal frame which varies with the biological nature of resources...
April 19, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674791/research-design-the-methodology-for-interdisciplinary-research-framework
#9
Hilde Tobi, Jarl K Kampen
Many of today's global scientific challenges require the joint involvement of researchers from different disciplinary backgrounds (social sciences, environmental sciences, climatology, medicine, etc.). Such interdisciplinary research teams face many challenges resulting from differences in training and scientific culture. Interdisciplinary education programs are required to train truly interdisciplinary scientists with respect to the critical factor skills and competences. For that purpose this paper presents the Methodology for Interdisciplinary Research (MIR) framework...
2018: Quality & Quantity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671768/managing-complexity-exploring-decision-making-on-medication-by-young-adults-with-adhd
#10
Louise C Druedahl, Sofia Kälvemark Sporrong
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) causes difficulties with hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention. Treatment of ADHD includes both medication and non-pharmacological options. Knowledge of treatment preferences by young adults with ADHD is sparse. The objective of this study was to explore the beliefs and experiences of young adults with ADHD related to their medication treatment decisions. Data were collected in Denmark in 2016 through a focus group and individual in-depth interviews. Conventional content analysis was used...
April 19, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670762/rolling-refresher-simulation-improves-performance-and-retention-of-paediatric-intensive-care-unit-nurse-code-cart-management
#11
Marcy N Singleton, Kimberly F Allen, Zhongze Li, Kevin McNerney, Urs H Naber, Matthew S Braga
Introduction: Paediatric Intensive Care Unit Nurses (PICU RNs) manage the code cart during paediatric emergencies at the Children's Hospital at Dartmouth-Hitchcock. These are low -frequency, high-stakes events. Methods: An uncontrolled intervention study with 6-month follow-up. A collaboration of physician and nursing experts developed a rolling-refresher training programme consisting of five simulated scenarios, including 22 code cart skills, to establish nursing code cart competency...
April 2018: BMJ simulation & technology enhanced learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669651/improving-physical-assessment-observational-skills-in-the-community-setting-an-experiential-exercise
#12
Mary Dugan
To become skilled providers, nurse practitioner students are required to expand observational skills and develop acumen in differential diagnosis. Good observational skills are essential for developing differential diagnoses, which are narrowed through diagnostic reasoning to reach an accurate final diagnosis. Teaching observational skills and differential diagnosis methods to nurse practitioner students can be challenging for nurse educators. The goal of an experiential assessment exercise (EAE) was to breathe life into an online course and have fun while learning to gather data about the health status and risk factors of people in the community environment...
April 1, 2018: Creative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669638/primary-nursing-a-call-for-clarity-empowerment-and-accountability
#13
Shirley Ruch
Registered nurses' (RNs') unique educational preparation, skills, scope of practice, and relationship with those we serve must be articulated and honored. The Primary Nursing care delivery model gives practical, functional life to the relationship of professional trust between RNs and their patients.
April 1, 2018: Creative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669631/a-brief-compendium-of-curious-and-peculiar-aspects-of-nursing-resource-management
#14
Marie Manthey
The compendium of extraordinary operational skills required, the lack of recognition about the exact nature of nursing work, and deeply imbedded negative mind-sets result in staff nurses experiencing guilt and anger rather than the satisfaction of knowing they made a difference in someone's life because of the nursing care they gave. A change of mind-set from entitlement thinking to entrepreneurial thinking, with an emphasis on maximizing available resources, will empower nurses to understand that they have the right and the responsibility to decide what to do and what not to do when there is more work to do than time available...
April 1, 2018: Creative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669147/impact-and-reception-of-a-required-4-week-palliative-medicine-rotation
#15
B Brent Simmons, Alison Petrie, Edward Gracely
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Hospice and palliative medicine (HPM) is one of three Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education accredited clinical subspecialties available to family medicine graduates for fellowship training. Despite this, training is not currently a curriculum requirement. We have pioneered a required 4-week palliative medicine rotation into the curriculum. METHODS: Twenty-eight residents who completed the palliative medicine rotation across four classes were surveyed to assess how the rotation improved their level of comfort with providing end-of-life (EOL) care and to demonstrate the need of formal palliative medicine training...
April 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669089/what-works-and-does-not-work-in-a-self-management-intervention-for-people-with-chronic-pain-qualitative-systematic-review-and-meta-synthesis
#16
Hemakumar Devan, Leigh Hale, Dagmar Hempel, Barbara Saipe, Meredith A Perry
Background: Self-management interventions fostering self-efficacy improve the well-being of people with chronic pain. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to synthesize the enablers (what works) and barriers (what does not) of incorporating self-management strategies for people in everyday life after completion of a pain self-management intervention. Data Sources: Major electronic databases (MEDLINE, AMED, PsycINFO, Cochrane Library, PubMed, CINAHL, Scopus, and Google Scholar) were searched from inception to July 2016...
May 1, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669085/reducing-opioid-use-for-patients-with-chronic-pain-an-evidence-based-perspective
#17
Sarah Wenger, Jason Drott, Rebecca Fillipo, Alyssa Findlay, Amanda Genung, Jessica Heiden, Joke Bradt
The implementation of recent Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommendations to move away from opioids and toward nonpharmacological therapies for the treatment of chronic pain could involve a difficult transition period for patients and practitioners. The focus of treatment should shift from eliminating pain completely to minimizing the impact of pain on quality of life. Many patients with chronic pain take opioids either because opioids were previously prescribed as a first-line treatment for chronic pain, on the basis of old standards of care, or because opioids were initially prescribed for acute pain...
May 1, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668075/a-comparison-of-debate-and-role-play-in-enhancing-critical-thinking-and-communication-skills-of-medical-students-during-problem-based-learning
#18
Rabia Latif, Sadaf Mumtaz, Rafia Mumtaz, Aamir Hussain
Debate and role play for learning critical thinking and communication skills are being increasingly used in various undergraduate medical schools worldwide. We aim to compare students' views about effectiveness of two teaching strategies; debate and role play to exercise critical thinking and communication skills during problem-based learning (PBL). This is a comparative, cross-sectional, and questionnaire-based study. Our subjects were second year undergraduate female medical students enrolled in Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University (IAU), College of Medicine from September 2014-2016, divided into 10 small PBL groups (10-13 students/group/year)...
April 18, 2018: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665791/a-cost-effectiveness-study-of-ict-training-among-the-visually-impaired-in-the-netherlands
#19
Nathalie J S Patty, Marc Koopmanschap, Kim Holtzer-Goor
BACKGROUND: Due to the ageing population, the number of visually impaired people in the Netherlands will increase. To ensure the future availability of services in rehabilitative eye care, we aim to assess the cost-effectiveness of information and communication technology (ICT) training among visually impaired adults from a societal perspective, using primary data from two large rehabilitative eye care providers in the Netherlands. METHODS: Participants were asked to fill in a questionnaire, which used six different instruments at three different time points: pre training, post training and three months post training...
April 17, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665761/expert-rater-agreement-and-inter-intrarater-reliability-for-the-furtado-gallagher-computerized-observational-movement-pattern-assessment-system
#20
Ovande Furtado, Jere D Gallagher
Fundamental movement skills (FMS) play a crucial role in a child's motor skill development, as their mastery is related to the acquisition and mastery of specialized sport skills and to a child's general health through the prevention of weight gain and increased level of physical activity. Thus, the accurate and reliable measurement of FMS is of related importance. This article presents the results of two studies intended to assess expert-rater agreement and inter-/intrarater scoring reliability in the administration of a new observational FMS instrument, the Furtado-Gallagher Computerized Observational Movement Pattern Assessment System (FG-COMPASS)...
January 1, 2018: Perceptual and Motor Skills
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