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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656565/rural-urban-differences-in-costs-of-end-of-life-care-for-the-last-6-months-of-life-among-patients-with-breast-lung-or-colorectal-cancer
#1
Elizabeth Crouch, Jan M Eberth, Janice C Probst, Kevin Bennett, Swann A Adams
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine rural-urban differences in utilization and expenditures in the last 6 months of life for patients with breast, lung, or colorectal cancer. METHODS: The study used a 5% sample of the 2013 Medicare Research Identifiable Files to study utilization and expenditures for beneficiaries with breast, lung, or colorectal cancer during the last 6 months before death (n = 6,214). End of life expenditures were calculated as the sum of total Medicare expenditures for inpatient, outpatient, physician, home health, hospice, and skilled nursing facility costs during the last 6 months of life...
April 15, 2018: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656405/the-cellie-coping-kit-for-children-with-injury-initial-feasibility-acceptability-and-outcomes
#2
M L Marsac, D Weiss, K L Kohser, J Van Allen, P Seegan, S Ostrowski-Delahanty, A McGar, F K Winston, N Kassam-Adams
PURPOSE: Physical and psychological challenges can arise from paediatric injury, which can impact child health outcomes. Evidence-based resources to promote recovery are limited. The low cost, portable Cellie Coping Kit for Children with Injury provides evidence-based strategies to help children manage injury-related challenges. This study aimed to describe intervention feasibility and explore initial outcomes (learning, quality of life [QOL], and trauma symptoms). METHODS: Three independent pilot studies were conducted...
April 15, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655414/augmented-reality-ar-and-virtual-reality-vr-applied-in-dentistry
#3
REVIEW
Ta-Ko Huang, Chi-Hsun Yang, Yu-Hsin Hsieh, Jen-Chyan Wang, Chun-Cheng Hung
The OSCE is a reliable evaluation method to estimate the preclinical examination of dental students. The most ideal assessment for OSCE is used the augmented reality simulator to evaluate. This literature review investigated a recently developed in virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR) starting of the dental history to the progress of the dental skill. As result of the lacking of technology, it needs to depend on other device increasing the success rate and decreasing the risk of the surgery. The development of tracking unit changed the surgical and educational way...
April 2018: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652955/-neurodevelopmental-assessment-of-patients-with-congenital-hypothyroidism
#4
Alicia Núñez, Paula Bedregal, Carlos Becerra, Francisca Grob L
Congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is the most common cause of preventable cognitive disability worldwide. Generally, it is produced by an alteration in the embryogenesis of the thyroid gland or by an alteration in the synthesis of thyroid hormones, which determine that affected patients have low or absent thyroid hormone concentrations. The importance of this fact is that brain development during the first three years of life is highly dependent on thyroid hormones. Prior to the implementation of national neonatal screening programs around the world, 8 to 27% of children with CH had an IQ lower than 70...
December 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650349/perceived-influence-of-intrinsic-extrinsic-factors-on-participation-in-life-activities-after-spinal-cord-injury
#5
John E Cobb, Jean Leblond, Frédéric S Dumont, Luc Noreau
BACKGROUND: Various types of limitations on community participation are experienced by people with spinal cord injury (SCI). OBJECTIVES: To determine: 1) the perceived influence of six intrinsic/extrinsic factors (i.e. physical impairment, emotional condition, thinking skills, environment, lack of assistance, discrimination) on participation in 26 life activities, 2) if this influence varied based on extent of participation, and 3) if personal or environmental characteristics influenced perceptions...
April 3, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649993/viper-visualization-pipeline-for-rna-seq-a-snakemake-workflow-for-efficient-and-complete-rna-seq-analysis
#6
MacIntosh Cornwell, Mahesh Vangala, Len Taing, Zachary Herbert, Johannes Köster, Bo Li, Hanfei Sun, Taiwen Li, Jian Zhang, Xintao Qiu, Matthew Pun, Rinath Jeselsohn, Myles Brown, X Shirley Liu, Henry W Long
BACKGROUND: RNA sequencing has become a ubiquitous technology used throughout life sciences as an effective method of measuring RNA abundance quantitatively in tissues and cells. The increase in use of RNA-seq technology has led to the continuous development of new tools for every step of analysis from alignment to downstream pathway analysis. However, effectively using these analysis tools in a scalable and reproducible way can be challenging, especially for non-experts. RESULTS: Using the workflow management system Snakemake we have developed a user friendly, fast, efficient, and comprehensive pipeline for RNA-seq analysis...
April 12, 2018: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649977/development-of-fine-motor-skills-is-associated-with-expressive-language-outcomes-in-infants-at-high-and-low-risk-for-autism-spectrum-disorder
#7
Boin Choi, Kathryn A Leech, Helen Tager-Flusberg, Charles A Nelson
BACKGROUND: A growing body of research suggests that fine motor abilities are associated with skills in a variety of domains in both typical and atypical development. In this study, we investigated developmental trajectories of fine motor skills between 6 and 24 months in relation to expressive language outcomes at 36 months in infants at high and low familial risk for autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHODS: Participants included 71 high-risk infants without ASD diagnoses, 30 high-risk infants later diagnosed with ASD, and 69 low-risk infants without ASD diagnoses...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648488/the-long-term-effects-of-conductive-education-courses-in-young-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Hilde Tinderholt Myrhaug, Jan Odgaard-Jensen, Reidun Jahnsen
PURPOSE: To assess the additional long-term effects of multiple conductive education (CE) courses followed by conventional practice on functional skills and quality of life in children with cerebral palsy (CP) compared to a 4-month CE-course delay including conventional practice. METHODS: Twenty-one children with CP, 3-6 years and varied functional levels, were randomized to 3-week CE course(s) followed by conventional practice or 4 months on a waiting list, including conventional practice and followed by CE-courses...
April 12, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644985/-could-i-return-to-my-life-integrated-narrative-nursing-model-in-education-inne
#9
Giovanna Artioli, Chiara Foà, Chiara Cosentino, Francesco Sulla, Alfonso Sollami, Chiara Taffurelli
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The Integrated Narrative Nursing Model (INNM) is an approach that integrates the qualitative methodology typical of the human sciences, with the quantitative methodology more often associated with the natural sciences. This complex model, which combines a focus on narrative with quantitative measures, has recently been effectively applied to the assessment of chronic patients. In this study, the model is applied to the planning phase of education (Integrated Narrative Nursing Education, INNE), and proves to be a valid instrument for the promotion of the current educational paradigm that is centered on the engagement of both the patient and the caregiver in their own path of care...
March 28, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642982/military-medical-skills-readiness-in-combat-advanced-trauma-life-support-performance-efficiency-at-afghanistan-role-3-hospitals
#10
Andrew Hall, Jacob Glaser, Dennis Hanseman, Ryan Parks, Michael Brazeau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642710/teaching-residents-how-to-talk-about-death-and-dying-a-mixed-methods-analysis-of-barriers-and-randomized-educational-intervention
#11
David C Miller, Amy M Sullivan, Morgan Soffler, Brett Armstrong, Asha Anandaiah, Laura Rock, Jakob I McSparron, Richard M Schwartzstein, Margaret M Hayes
OBJECTIVES: We present a pilot study exploring the effects of a brief, 30-minute educational intervention targeting resident communication surrounding dying in the intensive care unit (ICU). We sought to determine whether simulation or didactic educational interventions improved resident-reported comfort, preparation, and skill acquisition. We also sought to identify resident barriers to using the word "dying." METHODS: In this mixed-methods prospective study, second- and third-year medical residents were randomized to participate in a simulation-based communication training or a didactic session...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629696/non-pharmacological-interventions-for-pediatric-cancer-patients-a-comparative-review-and-emerging-needs-in-india
#12
Sujata Satapathy, Tanuja Kaushal, Sameer Bakhshi, Rakesh Kumar Chadda
CONTEXT: Evidence-based research on psycho-oncology in last three decades lays emphasis upon the critical role of psychological services for better illness adjustment, improved quality of life, reduced distress and cognitive problems among the rapidly increasing pediatric cancer population. JUSTIFICATION: This review aims to summarize the evidence-based psychological interventions in childhood cancer over the two decades and addresses the wide gap that existed between intervention studies worldwide and India, thus highlighting the need for research and appropriate services...
March 15, 2018: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628542/examination-of-the-heterogeneity-in-ptsd-and-impulsivity-facets-a-latent-profile-analysis
#13
Ateka A Contractor, Stephanie Caldas, Nicole H Weiss, Cherie Armour
The experience of traumatizing events and resulting posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomology relates to a range of impulsive behaviors. While both PTSD and impulsivity are heterogeneous and multidimensional constructs, no research has used person-centered approaches to examine subgroups of individuals based on these response endorsements. Hence, our study examined PTSD-impulsivity typologies and their construct validity in two samples: university students ( n = 412) and community participants recruited through Amazon's MTurk ( n = 346)...
April 15, 2018: Personality and Individual Differences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627721/community-based-comprehensive-intervention-for-people-with-schizophrenia-in-guangzhou-china-effects-on-clinical-symptoms-social-functioning-internalized-stigma-and-discrimination
#14
Jie Li, Yuan-Guang Huang, Mao-Sheng Ran, Yu Fan, Wen Chen, Sara Evans-Lacko, Graham Thornicroft
Comprehensive interventions including components of stigma and discrimination reduction in schizophrenia in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are lacking. We developed a community-based comprehensive intervention to evaluate its effects on clinical symptoms, social functioning, internalized stigma and discrimination among patients with schizophrenia. A randomized controlled trial including an intervention group (n = 169) and a control group (n = 158) was performed. The intervention group received comprehensive intervention (strategies against stigma and discrimination, psycho-education, social skills training and cognitive behavioral therapy) and the control group received face to face interview...
April 3, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626702/risk-factors-associated-with-dehydration-in-older-people-living-in-nursing-homes-scoping-review
#15
REVIEW
Olga Masot, Ana Lavedán, Carmen Nuin, Miguel A Escobar-Bravo, Jèssica Miranda, Teresa Botigué
BACKGROUND: Dehydration in the older people is a prevalent problem that is often associated with physiological changes, physical limitations and environmental conditions. OBJECTIVES: The scoping review was carried out to identify risk factors associated with dehydration in older people living in nursing homes. DESIGN: The revised scoping methodology framework of Arksey and O'Malley (2005) was applied. Study selection was carried out in accordance with Davis et al...
March 27, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626701/barriers-and-facilitators-to-preventing-pressure-ulcers-in-nursing-home-residents-a-qualitative-analysis-informed-by-the-theoretical-domains-framework
#16
Jacqueline F Lavallée, Trish A Gray, Jo Dumville, Nicky Cullum
BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcers are areas of localised damage to the skin and underlying tissue; and can cause pain, immobility, and delay recovery, impacting on health-related quality of life. The individuals who are most at risk of developing a pressure ulcer are those who are seriously ill, elderly, have impaired mobility and/or poor nutrition; thus, many nursing home residents are at risk. OBJECTIVES: To understand the context of pressure ulcer prevention in nursing homes and to explore the potential barriers and facilitators to evidence-informed practices...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625734/the-significance-of-digital-citizenship-in-the-well-being-of-older-migrants
#17
A Millard, L Baldassar, R Wilding
OBJECTIVES: To understand the increasingly important role of digital citizenship (the ability to participate in society online) in supporting the well-being of ageing migrants. STUDY DESIGN: Participant observation, social network mapping, ethnographic and life-history interviews. METHODS: Fifteen in-depth case studies examined the role of online participation in fostering the well-being and care of older migrants in Perth, Western Australia...
April 3, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623809/participation-in-active-play-of-children-who-use-lower-extremity-prostheses-an-exploratory-questionnaire
#18
Cheryl Kerfeld, Tracy Jirikowic, Katheryn J Allyn, Murray E Maitland
BACKGROUND: Through play, children develop motor, cognitive, social, and other life skills. Play barriers can impede physical and psychosocial benefits. OBJECTIVES: We describe participation in active play, fundamental movement skills, play environment characteristics, and potential play barriers for school-aged children (6-12 years) who use lower extremity prostheses. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional questionnaire study. METHODS: A questionnaire was developed and administered online to parents of children 6-12 years who use lower extremity prostheses...
April 1, 2018: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623172/chronic-total-occlusion-coronary-intervention-in-search-of-a-definitive-benefit
#19
REVIEW
Alpesh Shah
Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of chronic coronary total occlusion is the latest frontier in percutaneous intervention. There are vast improvements in the initial success and safety of the procedure as well as a better understanding of appropriateness and benefits. Advances in technology and skill allow for increased utilization of PCI in cases of chronic coronary total occlusion, with benefits regarding symptoms and quality of life. Percutaneous coronary intervention for chronic coronary total occlusion can correct ischemia and achieve complete revascularization while avoiding traditional coronary bypass grafting, although survival benefits remain unclear...
January 2018: Methodist DeBakey Cardiovascular Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623055/frequency-of-home-numeracy-activities-is-differentially-related-to-basic-number-processing-and-calculation-skills-in-kindergartners
#20
Belde Mutaf Yıldız, Delphine Sasanguie, Bert De Smedt, Bert Reynvoet
Home numeracy has been shown to play an important role in children's mathematical performance. However, findings are inconsistent as to which home numeracy activities are related to which mathematical skills. The present study disentangled between various mathematical abilities that were previously masked by the use of composite scores of mathematical achievement. Our aim was to shed light on the specific associations between home numeracy and various mathematical abilities. The relationships between kindergartners' home numeracy activities, their basic number processing and calculation skills were investigated...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
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