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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453189/evaluating-the-care4carer-blended-care-intervention-for-partners-of-patients-with-acquired-brain-injury-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Vincent Cm Cox, Vera Pm Schepers, Marjolijn Ketelaar, Caroline M van Heugten, Johanna Ma Visser-Meily
BACKGROUND: Support programs for partners of patients with acquired brain injury are necessary since these partners experience several unfavorable consequences of caregiving, such as a high burden, emotional distress, and poor quality of life. Evidence-based support strategies that can be included in these support programs are psychoeducation, skill building, problem solving, and improving feelings of mastery. A promising approach would seem to be to combine web-based support with face-to-face consultations, creating a blended care intervention...
February 16, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451886/which-preferences-associate-with-school-performance-lessons-from-an-exploratory-study-with-university-students
#2
Daniel Horn, Hubert Janos Kiss
Success in life is determined to a large extent by school performance so it is important to understand the effect of the factors that influence it. In this exploratory study, in addition to cognitive abilities, we attempt to link measures of preferences with outcomes of school performance. We measured in an incentivized way risk, time, social and competitive preferences and cognitive abilities of university students to look for associations between these measures and two important academic outcome measures: exam results and GPA...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451002/healing-stories-an-expressive-narrative-intervention-for-strengthening-resilience-and-survival-skills-in-school-aged-child-victims-of-war-and-political-violence-in-the-gaza-strip
#3
Guido Veronese, Gianpiero Barola
Within a preventive framework, we outline a school-based intervention aimed at strengthening skills of survival and psychological functioning in children who have experienced war and political violence in the Gaza Strip. In accordance with a socio-ecological perspective on wellbeing and resilience, the pilot study aimed at evaluating the outcomes of a psychosocial narrative school-based intervention with a group of school-aged children in the aftermath of war. The intervention was oriented at empowering positive emotions, life satisfaction, and optimism in children as protective factors in preventing posttraumatic reactions after war...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450447/interplay-among-psychopathologic-variables-personal-resources-context-related-factors-and-real-life-functioning-in-individuals-with-schizophrenia-a-network-analysis
#4
Silvana Galderisi, Paola Rucci, Brian Kirkpatrick, Armida Mucci, Dino Gibertoni, Paola Rocca, Alessandro Rossi, Alessandro Bertolino, Gregory P Strauss, Eugenio Aguglia, Antonello Bellomo, Martino Belvederi Murri, Paola Bucci, Bernardo Carpiniello, Anna Comparelli, Alessandro Cuomo, Domenico De Berardis, Liliana Dell'Osso, Fabio Di Fabio, Barbara Gelao, Carlo Marchesi, Palmiero Monteleone, Cristiana Montemagni, Giulia Orsenigo, Francesca Pacitti, Rita Roncone, Paolo Santonastaso, Alberto Siracusano, Annarita Vignapiano, Antonio Vita, Patrizia Zeppegno, Mario Maj
Importance: Enhanced understanding of factors associated with symptomatic and functional recovery is instrumental to designing personalized treatment plans for people with schizophrenia. To date, this is the first study using network analysis to investigate the associations among cognitive, psychopathologic, and psychosocial variables in a large sample of community-dwelling individuals with schizophrenia. Objective: To assess the interplay among psychopathologic variables, cognitive dysfunctions, functional capacity, personal resources, perceived stigma, and real-life functioning in individuals with schizophrenia, using a data-driven approach...
February 14, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449819/knowledge-is-power-for-medical-assistants-crystallized-and-fluid-intelligence-as-predictors-of-vocational-knowledge
#5
Anne Moehring, Ulrich Schroeders, Oliver Wilhelm
Medical education research has focused almost entirely on the education of future physicians. In comparison, findings on other health-related occupations, such as medical assistants, are scarce. With the current study, we wanted to examine the knowledge-is-power hypothesis in a real life educational setting and add to the sparse literature on medical assistants. Acquisition of vocational knowledge in vocational education and training (VET) was examined for medical assistant students ( n = 448). Differences in domain-specific vocational knowledge were predicted by crystallized and fluid intelligence in the course of VET...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449270/internship-experiences-contribute-to-confident-career-decision-making-for-doctoral-students-in-the-life-sciences
#6
Alexandra M Schnoes, Anne Caliendo, Janice Morand, Teresa Dillinger, Michelle Naffziger-Hirsch, Bruce Moses, Jeffery C Gibeling, Keith R Yamamoto, Bill Lindstaedt, Richard McGee, Theresa C O'Brien
The Graduate Student Internships for Career Exploration (GSICE) program at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), offers structured training and hands-on experience through internships for a broad range of PhD-level careers. The GSICE program model was successfully replicated at the University of California, Davis (UC Davis). Here, we present outcome data for a total of 217 PhD students participating in the UCSF and UC Davis programs from 2010 to 2015 and 2014 to 2015, respectively. The internship programs at the two sites demonstrated comparable participation, internship completion rates, and overall outcomes...
2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447583/the-profile-of-a-life-saving-researcher
#7
Rachel Knightly
Research requires different attitudes and skill sets. We should encourage our medical students to contribute to research in their own way.
February 15, 2018: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447297/development-of-a-decision-aid-for-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-and-invasive-mechanical-ventilation-in-the-intensive-care-unit-employing-user-centered-design-and-a-wiki-platform-for-rapid-prototyping
#8
Ariane Plaisance, Holly O Witteman, Annie LeBlanc, Jennifer Kryworuchko, Daren Keith Heyland, Mark H Ebell, Louisa Blair, Diane Tapp, Audrey Dupuis, Carole-Anne Lavoie-Bérard, Carrie Anna McGinn, France Légaré, Patrick Michel Archambault
BACKGROUND: Upon admission to an intensive care unit (ICU), all patients should discuss their goals of care and express their wishes concerning life-sustaining interventions (e.g., cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)). Without such discussions, interventions that prolong life at the cost of decreasing its quality may be used without appropriate guidance from patients. OBJECTIVES: To adapt an existing decision aid about CPR to create a wiki-based decision aid individually adapted to each patient's risk factors; and to document the use of a wiki platform for this purpose...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444759/current-management-of-pelvic-organ-prolapse-in-aging-women
#9
Andrea Giannini, Eleonora Russo, Antonio Cano, Peter Chedraui, Dimitrios G Goulis, Irene Lambrinoudaki, Patrice Lopes, Gita Mishra, Alfred Mueck, Margaret Rees, Levent M Senturk, John C Stevenson, Petra Stute, Pauliina Tuomikoski, Tommaso Simoncini
Management of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a common and challenging task. Nowadays older women are more active than they were in the past, and the development of POP disrupts quality of life and impairs social and personal activities. The menopausal transition is a time of vulnerability, during which many women start experiencing symptoms and signs of POP. The role of hormonal changes or of hormonal therapies in influencing the development or progression of POP has been explored extensively. The management of POP requires considerable clinical skills...
February 6, 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444547/laparoscopic-surgery-with-urinary-tract-reconstruction-and-bowel-endometriosis-resection-for-deep-infiltrating-endometriosis
#10
REVIEW
Yoshiaki Ota, Masaaki Andou, Ikuko Ota
Deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) is the most severe form of endometriosis. It causes chronic pelvic pain, severe dysmenorrhea, deep dyspareunia, dyschezia, and dysuria, markedly impairing the quality of life of women of reproductive age. A number of randomized controlled trials on surgical and medical treatments to reduce the pain associated with endometriosis have been reported, but few have focused on this in DIE. DIE causes not only pain but also functional invasion to the urinary organs and bowel, such as hydronephrosis and bowel stenosis...
February 14, 2018: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444455/anatomists-perceptions-of-the-skills-and-attributes-required-of-newly-recruited-medical-students
#11
Bernard J Moxham, Odile Plaisant, Baptiste Lignier, Feisal Brahim
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Admission procedures for recruiting students to medical school vary considerably across the world. Notwithstanding such variability, it is important to know what skills and attributes are required of the students by their teachers on entering medical school. PROCEDURES: Anatomists are often the teachers who first meet the students as they enter medical school and this report analyses, by means of a questionnaire, the putative skills required of their medical students by anatomists from the U...
February 11, 2018: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443692/executive-function-and-childhood-stuttering-parent-ratings-and-evidence-from-a-behavioral-task
#12
Katerina Ntourou, Julie D Anderson, Stacy A Wagovich
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the executive function (EF) abilities of preschool children who do (CWS) and do not stutter (CWNS) using a parent-report questionnaire and a behavioral task. METHOD: Participants were 75 CWS and 75 CWNS between the ages of 3;0 and 5;11 (years; months). Parents rated their children's EF abilities using the Behavioral Rating Inventory of Executive Function-Preschool Version (BRIEF-P; Gioia, Espy, & Isquith, 2003). Children's ability to integrate cognitive flexibility, inhibitory control, and working memory was measured using a behavioral task, the Head-Toes-Knees-Shoulders (HTKS; Cameron Ponitz, McClelland, Matthews, & Morrison, 2009)...
December 30, 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443561/building-bridges-to-a-brighter-tomorrow-a-systematic-evidence-review-of-interventions-that-prepare-adolescents-for-adulthood
#13
Barri B Burrus, Kathleen Krieger, Regina Rutledge, Alexander Rabre, Sarah Axelson, Audra Miller, LeBretia White, Christine Jackson
BACKGROUND: Data suggest that adverse social determinants during adolescence can set in motion a lifetime of poor social and health outcomes. Vulnerable youths are at particularly high risk in this regard. OBJECTIVES: To identify and assess the current evidence base for adolescent-focused interventions designed to influence adulthood preparation that could affect longer-term social determinants. SEARCH METHODS: Using a systematic review methodology, we conducted an initial assessment of intervention evaluations targeting 6 adulthood preparation subject (APS) areas to assess the quality and character of the evidence base...
February 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442206/thrown-into-the-world-of-independent-practice-from-unexpected-uncertainty-to-new-identities
#14
Brett Schrewe
One of the most exciting yet stressful times in a physician's life is transitioning from supervised training into independent practice. The majority of literature devoted to this topic has focused upon a perceived gap between clinical and non-clinical skills and interventions taken to address it. Building upon recent streams of scholarship in identity formation and adaptation to new contexts, this work uses a Heideggerian perspective to frame an autoethnographical exploration of the author's transition into independent paediatric practice...
February 13, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440963/heritage-of-stanis%C3%A5-aw-ostrowski-the-only-one-medical-doctor-who-became-state-polish-president-patriae-semper-fidelis
#15
Martyna Woltanowska, Piotr Woltanowski, Andrzej Wincewicz, Magdalena Woltanowska
Aim: Our purpose was to write a biography of Stanisław Ostrowski that would address in the first place the medical aspect of his professional life, with a comprehensive approach of others fields of his activity. Methods: We essentially grounded the paper on primary resources that were papers authored by Ostrowski including his scientific publications, memories, speeches as well as contemporaneous official documents that referred to Ostrowski. Second resources were also used to double check some data from primary resources and to place the biography of Stanisław Ostrowski in a proper background with special care to social, professional and political context...
2018: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440814/effectiveness-of-the-certificate-course-in-essentials-of-palliative-care-program-on-the-knowledge-in-palliative-care-among-the-participants-a-cross-sectional-interventional-study
#16
Sushma Bhatnagar, Anuradha Patel
Background: Palliative medicine is an upcoming new specialty aimed at relieving suffering, improving quality of life and comfort care. There are many challenges and barriers in providing palliative care to our patients. The major challenge is lack of knowledge, attitude and skills among health-care providers. Objectives: Evaluate the effectiveness of the certificate course in essentials of palliative care (CCEPC) program on the knowledge in palliative care among the participants...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439381/managers-attitudes-to-their-older-employees-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Kerstin Nilsson
BACKGROUND: Societal interest in enabling older workers to prolong their working life has increased in recent years due to demographic change. Managers have a key role in extending working life among employees, because they control the organisation, work environment and potential measures enabling older workers to extend their working life. OBJECTIVE: To examine managers' attitudes to their older workers. METHOD: A cross-sectional study based on a questionnaire answered by 905 managers working in different municipal departments in Sweden...
2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438070/successfully-reducing-newborn-asphyxia-in-the-labour-unit-in-a-large-academic-medical-centre-a-quality-improvement-project-using-statistical-process-control
#18
Rikke von Benzon Hollesen, Rie Laurine Rosenthal Johansen, Christina Rørbye, Louise Munk, Pierre Barker, Anette Kjaerbye-Thygesen
BACKGROUND: A safe delivery is part of a good start in life, and a continuous focus on preventing harm during delivery is crucial, even in settings with a good safety record. In January 2013, the labour unit at Copenhagen University Hospital, Hvidovre, undertook a quality improvement (QI) project to prevent asphyxia and reduced the percentage of newborns with asphyxia by 48%. METHODS: The change theory consisted of two primary elements: (1) the clinical content, including three clinical bundles of evidence-based care, a 'delivery bundle', an 'oxytocin bundle' and a 'vacuum extraction bundle'; (2) an implementation theory, including improving skills in interpretation of cardiotocography, use of QI methods and participation in a national learning network...
February 3, 2018: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437182/videoconferencing-for-management-of-heart-failure-an-integrative-review
#19
Karen Bauce, Deborah B Fahs, Janene Batten, Robin Whittemore
Heart failure (HF) is a chronic disease associated with poor prognosis, poor quality of life (QOL), and high medical costs among older adults. Monitoring symptoms, interpreting symptoms, and decision making are self-care skills required for effective HF management. Telemonitoring (TM) is increasingly used to reduce incidence of symptom exacerbation leading to rehospitalization. An integrative review was performed to describe the efficacy of TM interventions that include videoconferencing (VC) on the HF outcomes of hospital service s use, self-care, and QOL...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436364/the-west-midlands-active-lifestyle-and-healthy-eating-in-school-children-waves-study-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-testing-the-clinical-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-a-multifaceted-obesity-prevention-intervention-programme-targeted-at-children
#20
Peymane Adab, Timothy Barrett, Raj Bhopal, Janet E Cade, Alastair Canaway, Kar Keung Cheng, Joanne Clarke, Amanda Daley, Jonathan Deeks, Joan Duda, Ulf Ekelund, Emma Frew, Paramjit Gill, Tania Griffin, Karla Hemming, Kiya Hurley, Emma R Lancashire, James Martin, Eleanor McGee, Miranda J Pallan, Jayne Parry, Sandra Passmore
BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews suggest that school-based interventions can be effective in preventing childhood obesity, but better-designed trials are needed that consider costs, process, equity, potential harms and longer-term outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the WAVES (West Midlands ActiVe lifestyle and healthy Eating in School children) study intervention, compared with usual practice, in preventing obesity among primary school children...
February 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
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