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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810950/clofibrate-attenuates-ros-production-by-lipid-overload-in-cultured-rat-hepatoma-cells
#1
Yufei Chen, Wei Li, Guqi Wang, Frank J Burczynski
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of clofibrate on inducing liver fatty acid binding protein (FABP1) following a high-fat load in a hepatocyte cell culture model. METHODS: Rat hepatoma cells (CRL-1548) were treated with a fatty acid (FA) mixture consisting of oleate:palmitate (2:1) in the presence of 3% albumin. Cells were treated with 0, 0.5, 1, 2, or 3 mM FA for 24 and 48 hr, or further treated with 500 µM clofibrate (CLO) to induce FABP1 levels. Cytotoxicity was determined using the WST-1 assay...
2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences: a Publication of the Canadian Society for Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764332/pharmaceutical-removal-from-water-effluents-by-adsorption-on-activated-carbons-a-monte-carlo-simulation-study
#2
Daniel Bahamon, Lourdes F Vega
Adsorption on activated carbons of five pharmaceutical molecules (ibuprofen, diclofenac, naproxen, paracetamol, and amoxicillin) in aqueous mixtures has been investigated by molecular simulations using the Grand Canonical Monte Carlo (GCMC) method. A virtual nanoporous carbon model based on polyaromatic units with defects and polar-oxygenated sites was used for this purpose. The simulation results show excellent agreement with available experimental data. The adsorption capacities of the carbons for the five drugs were quite different and were linked, essentially, to their molecular dimensions and atom affinities...
August 16, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758971/tricetin-induces-apoptosis-of-human-leukemic-hl-60-cells-through-a-reactive-oxygen-species-mediated-c-jun-n-terminal-kinase-activation-pathway
#3
Ming-Hsien Chien, Jyh-Ming Chow, Wei-Jiunn Lee, Hui-Yu Chen, Peng Tan, Yu-Ching Wen, Yung-Wei Lin, Pei-Ching Hsiao, Shun-Fa Yang
Tricetin is a dietary flavonoid with cytostatic properties and antimetastatic activities in various solid tumors. The anticancer effect of tricetin in nonsolid tumors remains unclear. Herein, the molecular mechanisms by which tricetin exerts its anticancer effects on acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells were investigated. Results showed that tricetin inhibited cell viability in various types of AML cell lines. Tricetin induced morphological features of apoptosis such as chromatin condensation and phosphatidylserine (PS) externalization, and significantly activated proapoptotic signaling including caspase-8, -9, and -3 activation and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) cleavage in HL-60 AML cells...
July 31, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750732/ni-functionalized-submicron-mesoporous-silica-particles-as-a-sorbent-for-metal-affinity-chromatography
#4
Dmitry A Kurdyukov, Ekaterina N Chernova, Yana V Russkikh, Daniil A Eurov, Vasily V Sokolov, Anna A Bykova, Vladimir V Shilovskikh, Olga A Keltsieva, Eugenii V Ubyivovk, Yuri A Anufrikov, Anna V Fedorova, Artem A Selyutin, Nicolay G Sukhodolov, Ekaterina P Podolskaya, Valery G Golubev
In this research, a novel IMAC sorbent with high specificity for chlorine-containing compounds was developed. Ni-functionalized monodisperse spherical mesoporous silica particles of 500±25nm diameter were synthesized and their metal affinity properties were studied with the use of diclofenac as the model substance. The particles were aggregatively stable in the pH range of 3-12. The sorbent demonstrated a high adsorption capacity (0.60±0.06μg of DCF per 1mg of the sorbent) and high adsorption/desorption rate (20 and 5min was enough for the sorbent saturation and desorption of DCF, correspondingly)...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724221/impact-of-the-nsaid-diclofenac-on-survival-development-behaviour-and-health-of-embryonic-and-juvenile-stages-of-brown-trout-salmo-trutta-f-fario
#5
Simon Schwarz, Hannah Schmieg, Marco Scheurer, Heinz-R Köhler, Rita Triebskorn
The NSAID diclofenac is controversially discussed with respect to its environmental relevance. Since further information is need to assess whether diclofenac should be included as substance of priority in the EU water framework directive, we investigated the impact of this analgesic on the embryonic development of brown trout (Salmo trutta f. fario) from fertilized egg until the end of sac-fry stage and studied effects in juvenile fish six months post hatch. Embryos were exposed to five test concentrations (0...
July 14, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709350/representation-of-the-direct-correlation-function-of-the-hard-sphere-fluid
#6
S Pieprzyk, A C Brańka, D M Heyes
An accurate representation of the structural pair correlation functions of the hard sphere (HS) fluid up to the freezing density is proposed which combines the pole expression for the total correlation function h(r), the Ornstein-Zernike equation, and molecular dynamics (MD) computer simulation data. In the scheme, h(r) is expressed in terms of a set of pole parameters, which reveals how the tail of the Fourier transform of h(r) contains information on the discontinuities in the derivatives of the direct correlation function (DCF)...
June 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708871/ursodeoxycholic-acid-inhibits-the-proliferation-of-colon-cancer-cells-by-regulating-oxidative-stress-and-cancer-stem-like-cell-growth
#7
Eun-Kyung Kim, Jae Hee Cho, EuiJoo Kim, Yoon Jae Kim
INTRODUCTION: The regulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) exists as a therapeutic target for cancer treatments. Previous studies have shown that ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) suppresses the proliferation of colon cancer cells. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of UDCA upon the proliferation of colon cancer cells as a direct result of the regulation of ROS. METHOD: Colon cancer cell lines (HT29 and HCT116) were treated with UDCA. The total number of cells and the number of dead cells were determined using cell counters...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706450/reactive-oxygen-species-increase-neuronal-excitability-via-activation-of-nonspecific-cation-channel-in-rat-medullary-dorsal-horn-neurons
#8
Hae In Lee, Byung Rim Park, Sang Woo Chun
The caudal subnucleus of the spinal trigeminal nucleus (medullary dorsal horn; MDH) receives direct inputs from small diameter primary afferent fibers that predominantly transmit nociceptive information in the orofacial region. Recent studies indicate that reactive oxygen species (ROS) is involved in persistent pain, primarily through spinal mechanisms. In this study, we aimed to investigate the role of xanthine/xanthine oxidase (X/XO) system, a known generator of superoxide anion (O2(·-)), on membrane excitability in the rat MDH neurons...
July 2017: Korean Journal of Physiology & Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697486/oxidant-production-and-sod1-protein-expression-in-single-skeletal-myofibers-from-down-syndrome-mice
#9
Patrick M Cowley, Divya R Nair, Lara R DeRuisseau, Stefan Keslacy, Mustafa Atalay, Keith C DeRuisseau
Down syndrome (DS) is a genetic condition caused by the triplication of chromosome 21. Persons with DS exhibit pronounced muscle weakness, which also occurs in the Ts65Dn mouse model of DS. Oxidative stress is thought to be an underlying factor in the development of DS-related pathologies including muscle dysfunction. High-levels of oxidative stress have been attributed to triplication and elevated expression of superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1); a gene located on chromosome 21. The elevated expression of SOD1 is postulated to increase production of hydrogen peroxide and cause oxidative injury and cell death...
July 4, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696542/-pro-renin-receptor-activation-increases-profibrotic-markers-and-fibroblast-like-phenotype-through-mapk-dependent-ros-formation-in-mouse-renal-collecting-duct-cells
#10
Alexis A Gonzalez, Leonardo Zamora, Cristian Reyes-Martinez, Nicolas Salinas-Parra, Nicole Roldan, Catherina A Cuevas, Stefanny Figueroa, Alex Gonzalez-Vergara, Minolfa C Prieto
Recent studies suggested that activation of the PRR upregulates profibrotic markers through reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation; however, the exact mechanisms have not been investigated in CD cells. We hypothesized that activation of the PRR increases the expression of profibrotic markers through MAPK-dependent ROS formation in CD cells. Mouse renal CD cell line (M-1) was treated with recombinant prorenin plus ROS or MAPK inhibitors and PRR-shRNA to evaluate their effect on the expression of profibrotic markers...
July 11, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689291/tio2-sns2-nanocomposites-solar-active-photocatalytic-materials-for-water-treatment
#11
Marin Kovacic, Hrvoje Kusic, Mattia Fanetti, Urska Lavrencic Stangar, Matjaz Valant, Dionysios D Dionysiou, Ana Loncaric Bozic
The study is aimed at evaluating TiO2-SnS2 composites as effective solar-active photocatalysts for water treatment. Two strategies for the preparation of TiO2-SnS2 composites were examined: (i) in-situ chemical synthesis followed by immobilization on glass plates and (ii) binding of two components (TiO2 and SnS2) within the immobilization step. The as-prepared TiO2-SnS2 composites and their sole components (TiO2 or SnS2) were inspected for composition, crystallinity, and morphology using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and scanning electron microscopy/energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM/EDX) analyses...
July 9, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677617/real-time-station-grouping-under-dynamic-traffic-for-ieee-802-11ah
#12
Le Tian, Evgeny Khorov, Steven Latré, Jeroen Famaey
IEEE 802.11ah, marketed as Wi-Fi HaLow, extends Wi-Fi to the sub-1 GHz spectrum. Through a number of physical layer (PHY) and media access control (MAC) optimizations, it aims to bring greatly increased range, energy-efficiency, and scalability. This makes 802.11ah the perfect candidate for providing connectivity to Internet of Things (IoT) devices. One of these new features, referred to as the Restricted Access Window (RAW), focuses on improving scalability in highly dense deployments. RAW divides stations into groups and reduces contention and collisions by only allowing channel access to one group at a time...
July 4, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673838/benzo-a-pyrene-induced-cell-cycle-arrest-and-apoptosis-in-human-choriocarcinoma-cancer-cells-through-reactive-oxygen-species-induced-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-pathway
#13
Soo-Min Kim, Hae-Miru Lee, Kyung-A Hwang, Kyung-Chul Choi
Cigarette smoke (CS) contains over 60 well established carcinogens. In this study, we examined the effects of benzo(a)pyrene (B(a)P), a main CS component, on the viability and apoptosis of JEG-3 and BeWo human choriocarcinoma cancer cell lines. An MTT assay confirmed that B(a)P decreased the cell viability of JEG-3 and BeWo cells in a dose-dependent manner. Additionally, Western blot (WB) assay revealed that protein expression of cyclin D and cyclin E decreased, while protein expression of p21 and p27 was increased in response to B(a)P treatment for 48 h...
September 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671996/photoreceptor-oxidative-stress-in-hyperoxia-induced-proliferative-retinopathy-accelerates-rd8-degeneration
#14
Michelle Lajko, Herminio J Cardona, Joann M Taylor, Kathryn N Farrow, Amani A Fawzi
To investigate the impact of photoreceptor oxidative stress on photoreceptor degeneration in mice carrying the rd8 mutation (C57BL/6N). We compared the hyperoxia-induced proliferative retinopathy (HIPR) model in two mouse strains (C57BL/6J and C57BL/6N). Pups were exposed to 75% oxygen, starting at birth and continuing for 14 days (P14). Mice were euthanized at P14, or allowed to recover in room air for one day (P15), seven days (P21), or 14 days (P28). We quantified retinal thickness and the length of residual photoreceptors not affected by rosette formation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664431/investigation-of-operative-outcomes-of-thoracoscopic-esophagectomy-after-triplet-chemotherapy-with-docetaxel-cisplatin-and-5-fluorouracil-for-advanced-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#15
Yuji Akiyama, Takeshi Iwaya, Fumitaka Endo, Takehiro Chiba, Takeshi Takahara, Koki Otsuka, Hiroyuki Nitta, Keisuke Koeda, Masaru Mizuno, Yusuke Kimura, Akira Sasaki
BACKGROUND: Preoperative chemotherapy with cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil (CF) has become the standard treatment for resectable stage II/III thoracic esophageal carcinoma in Japan. Recently, preoperative triplet chemotherapy with docetaxel, cisplatin, and 5-fluorouracil (DCF) has been reported to be effective for locally advanced esophageal cancer. Thoracoscopic esophagectomy (TE) has been increasingly accepted worldwide for the treatment of esophageal cancer. We conducted a retrospective study to evaluate the safety and outcomes of TE after DCF therapy for patients with advanced esophageal cancer...
June 29, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660231/the-impact-of-data-dependence-on-speaker-recognition-evaluation
#16
Jin Chu Wu, Alvin F Martin, Craig S Greenberg, Raghu N Kacker
The data dependency due to multiple use of the same subjects has impact on the standard error (SE) of the detection cost function (DCF) in speaker recognition evaluation. The DCF is defined as a weighted sum of the probabilities of type I and type II errors at a given threshold. A two-layer data structure is constructed: target scores are grouped into target sets based on the dependency, and likewise for non-target scores. On account of the needed equal probabilities for scores being selected when resampling, target sets must contain the same number of target scores, and so must non-target sets...
January 2017: IEEE/ACM Transactions on Audio, Speech, and Language Processing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651231/evaluation-of-in-vitro-anticancer-activity-of-1-8-cineole-containing-n-hexane-extract-of-callistemon-citrinus-curtis-skeels-plant-and-its-apoptotic-potential
#17
Sowndarya Sampath, Vidhya Veeramani, Gopal Shankar Krishnakumar, Udhayakumar Sivalingam, Suguna Lakshmi Madurai, Rose Chellan
Plants are the source of a variety of secondary metabolites, which are often used in the anticancer activity. Discovering new anticancer drug from herbal source is more important in both biological and pharmacological activities. Hence, the objective of this study is to identify the anticancer agent in Callistemon citrinus (Curtis) Skeels (CC) for the treatment of cancer. Very recently we have reported an increased antioxidant activity in the ethanolic and methanolic extracts (EE and ME) of CC but significantly reduced activity (rather increased cytotoxicity), in the n-hexane extract (HE)...
September 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645294/3-5-4-trihydroxy-6-7-3-trimethoxyflavone-protects-against-beta-amyloid-induced-neurotoxicity-through-antioxidative-activity-and-interference-with-cell-signaling
#18
Alona Telerman, Rivka Ofir, Yoel Kashman, Anat Elmann
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease is a neurodegenerative disease, characterized by progressive decline in memory and cognitive functions, that results from loss of neurons in the brain. Amyloid beta (Aβ) protein and oxidative stress are major contributors to Alzheimer's disease, therefore, protecting neuronal cells against Aβ-induced toxicity and oxidative stress might form an effective approach for treatment of this disease. 3,5,4'-trihydroxy-6,7,3'-trimethoxyflavone (TTF) is a flavonoid we have purified from the plant Achillea fragrantissima; and the present study examined, for the first time, the effects of this compound on Aβ-toxicity to neuronal cells...
June 23, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643284/hydroxyl-radical-mediated-degradation-of-diclofenac-revisited-a-computational-approach-to-assessment-of-reaction-mechanisms-and-by-products
#19
Sesil Agopcan Cinar, Asu Ziylan-Yavaş, Saron Catak, Nilsun H Ince, Viktorya Aviyente
Advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) are based on the in situ production of hydroxyl radicals (•OH) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) in water upon irradiation of the sample by UV light, ultrasound, electromagnetic radiation, and/or the addition of ozone or a semiconductor. Diclofenac (DCF), one of the emerging organic contaminants (EOC), is of environmental concern due to its abundancy in water and is known to be subjected to AOPs. The current study uses density functional theory (DFT) to elucidate the mechanisms of the reactions between •OH and DCF leading to degradation by-products, P1-P9...
June 23, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640897/impact-of-selected-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-pharmaceuticals-on-microbial-community-assembly-and-activity-in-sequencing-batch-reactors
#20
Cong Jiang, Jinju Geng, Haidong Hu, Haijun Ma, Xingsheng Gao, Hongqiang Ren
This study covers three widely detected non-steroidal anti-inflammatory pharmaceuticals (NSAIDs), diclofenac (DCF), ibuprofen (IBP) and naproxen (NPX), as NSAIDs pollutants. The objective is to evaluate the impact of NSAIDs at their environmental concentrations on microbial community assembly and activity. The exposure experiments were conducted under three conditions (5 μg L-1 DCF, 5 μg L-1 DCF+5 μg L-1 IBP and 5 μg L-1 DCF+5 μg L-1 IBP+ 5 μg L-1 NPX) in sequencing batch reactors (SBRs) for 130 days...
2017: PloS One
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