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Sorina Motoc, Florica Manea, Adriana Iacob, Alberto Martinez-Joaristi, Jorge Gascon, Aniela Pop, Joop Schoonman
In this study, the detection protocols for the individual, selective, and simultaneous determination of ibuprofen (IBP) and diclofenac (DCF) in aqueous solutions have been developed using HKUST-1 metal-organic framework-carbon nanofiber composite (HKUST-CNF) electrode. The morphological and electrical characterization of modified composite electrode prepared by film casting was studied by scanning electronic microscopy and four-point-probe methods. The electrochemical characterization of the electrode by cyclic voltammetry (CV) was considered the reference basis for the optimization of the operating conditions for chronoamperometry (CA) and multiple-pulsed amperometry (MPA)...
October 17, 2016: Sensors
Yinjun Zhao, Aizhong Ding
River classification is a very useful tool for river management yet still a difficult task. This paper proposed a new decision classifier (DCF) to classify rivers for Chinese river management based on existing classification systems. Aimed at river function management, the DCF with the five-layers frame was developed on reach level in a spatially nested pattern that from top to bottom are natural province, basin, valley, reach, habitat and microhabitat. Five indexes (artificial degree, closeness, sinuosity, bed material texture, geomorphic units (GUs)) were selected and organized into the DCF according to the importance of the influence on river structure from macro to micro, large to small and top to bottom, because they represent main aspects of river structures and are easy to obtain...
October 2016: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
Hiroyuki Daiko, Takeo Fujita, Takashi Kojima
Postoperative chemotherapy was initially conducted with surgical treatment as part of a multimodal treatment strategy for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Subsequently, a randomized trial comparing post- versus pre-operative chemotherapy with cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil demonstrated the superior efficacy of neoadjuvant treatment with FP(CF). However, the results of subgroup analysis based on T factor revealed no efficacy for cT3 tumors. To improve the survival rate in patients with cT3 tumors, treatments with neoadjuvant chemotherapy using FP(CF)plus docetaxel and concurrent FP(CF)plus radiation were conducted to assess the feasibility of preoperative adjuvant treatment and surgery after neoadjuvant treatment...
October 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Fausto Petrelli, Gianluca Tomasello, Michele Ghidini, Rodolfo Passalacqua, Sandro Barni
Combination of docetaxel, cisplatin, and 5-fluorouracil (DCF) is an active but not well-tolerated regimen for advanced gastric cancer (GC) with standard 3-weekly doses. Several modified schedules (mDCFs) have been designed to reduce acute toxicities and improve feasibility as first-line therapy in patients with metastatic GC. The objective of this systematic review was to evaluate overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), overall response rate (ORR), and grade (G) greater than or equal to 3 adverse event of mDCF chemotherapy in this setting...
September 30, 2016: Anti-cancer Drugs
Mei-Chi Chang, Yi-Jane Chen, Eric Jein-Wein Liou, Wan-Yu Tseng, Chiu-Po Chan, Hseuh-Jen Lin, Wan-Chuen Liao, Ya-Ching Chang, Po-Yuan Jeng, Jiiang-Huei Jeng
Cardiovascular diseases (atherosclerosis, stroke, myocardiac infarction etc.) are the major systemic diseases of elder peoples in the world. This is possibly due to increased levels of oxidized low-density lipoproteins (oxLDLs) such as 7-ketocholesterol (7-KC) and lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) that damage vascular endothelial cells, induce inflammatory responses, to elevate the risk of cardiovascular diseases, Alzheimer's disease, and age-related macular degeneration. However the toxic effects of 7-KC on endothelial cells are not known...
October 11, 2016: Oncotarget
Frédéric Fiteni, Sophie Paget-Bailly, Mathieu Messager, Thierry N'Guyen, Zaher Lakkis, Pierre Mathieu, Najib Lamfichekh, Alain Picard, Bilell Benzidane, Denis Cléau, Franck Bonnetain, Christophe Borg, Christophe Mariette, Stefano Kim
Docetaxel, cisplatin, and 5-fluorouracil (DCF) significantly improved overall survival in metastatic gastroesophageal adenocarcinoma (GEA). The aim of this study was to assess efficacy of DCF regimen as perioperative chemotherapy compared with surgery alone in patients with resectable GEA. We identified 789 patients who underwent surgery alone and 62 patients who received at least one cycle of DCF regimen consisting of docetaxel (75 mg/m(2) on day 1), cisplatin (75 mg/m(2) on day 1), and 5-fluorouracil (750 mg/m(2) /day on continuous perfusion on days 1 to 5), every 3 weeks...
October 11, 2016: Cancer Medicine
Fang Yao, Zhi-Yu Song, Jing Nie, Zu-Guang Li, Guo-Hua Zhu, Maw-Rong Lee
A novel dissolved carbon dioxide flotation after emulsification microextraction (DCF-EME) method was proposed for the determination of four triazole pesticides in water samples coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) in a home-made glass round flask. The DCF-EME method is based on a rapid and simple phase separation of low-density organic solvent (toluene) from the aqueous phase via introducing a saturated NaHCO3 solution into the acidified sample (0.1 mol L(-1) HCl); then analytes were extracted in toluene...
2016: Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
Frederike Gröner, Christin Höhne, Wibke Kleiner, Werner Kloas
Oreochromis niloticus has been exposed to diclofenac (DCF), a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug prevalent in the aquatic environment, for 80 days post-hatch (dph). Concentrations ranged from environmentally relevant (0.1 μg L(-1) and 1 μg L(-1) DCF) up to 100-fold thereof. Population relevant endpoints (hatching, survival, growth) as well as gill histopathology were analyzed. On this level of examination only gills exhibited mild to moderate alterations. On the contrary, biomarkers associated with reproduction were affected due to DCF exposure, indicating the potential to affect sexual differentiation and gametogenesis by acting as an estrogenic endocrine disrupting compound (EDC) in tilapia...
January 2017: Chemosphere
Yoshitaka Saito, Masaki Kobayashi, Takehiro Yamada, Kumiko Kasashi, Rio Honma, Satoshi Takeuchi, Yasushi Shimizu, Ichiro Kinoshita, Hirotoshi Dosaka-Akita, Ken Iseki
PURPOSE: Magnesium supplementation is an effective protective method against cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity (CIN); however, there are few reports regarding the mechanism of its nephroprotective effect. The aim of this study was to determine whether premedication with intravenous magnesium prevents CIN and to determine the relationship between its nephroprotective effect and serum magnesium level. METHODS: Fifty-eight patients with head and neck cancer who received cisplatin, docetaxel, and 5-fluorouracil (DCF) were retrospectively investigated...
October 3, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Somnath Mazumder, Rudranil De, Souvik Sarkar, Asim Azhar Siddiqui, Shubhra Jyoti Saha, Chinmoy Banerjee, Mohd Shameel Iqbal, Shiladitya Nag, Subhashis Debsharma, Uday Bandyopadhyay
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are widely used to treat multiple inflammatory diseases and pain but severe gastric mucosal damage is the worst outcome of NSAID-therapy. Here we report that mitoTEMPO, a mitochondrially targeted superoxide (O2(-)) scavenger protected as well as healed gastric injury induced by diclofenac (DCF), the most commonly used NSAID. Common existing therapy against gastric injury involves suppression of gastric acid secretion by proton pump inhibitors and histamine H2 receptor antagonists; however, dyspepsia, vitamin B12 deficiency and gastric microfloral dysbalance are the major drawbacks of acid suppression...
September 28, 2016: Biochemical Pharmacology
M Yamasaki, T Yasuda, M Yano, M Hirao, K Kobayashi, K Fujitani, S Tamura, Y Kimura, H Miyata, M Motoori, O Shiraishi, T Makino, T Satoh, M Mori, Y Doki
BACKGROUND: This phase II trial evaluated the efficacy of cisplatin and fluorouracil (CF)-based combination neoadjuvant chemotherapy on the outcome of patients with resectable locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). We compared the recurrence-free survival (RFS) associated with CF plus Adriamycin (ACF) with that associated with CF plus docetaxel (DCF) to select an alternative regimen in a new phase III trial investigating the optimal neoadjuvant treatment for patients with ESCC...
September 29, 2016: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
Inga Baranauskaitė-Fedorova, Jolanta Dvarionienė, Vladimir A Nikiforov
Investigation on the sources, discharges and related risks for the environment of the pharmaceutical substance (PhS) diclofenac (DCF) was performed in Lithuania, a country of the Baltic Sea region, for the first time. The investigation only refers to DCF as a PhS for human use; emissions from animal husbandry were not considered. In the first stage of the research, the main sources and pathways of DCF via substance flow analysis were identified within the country. During the second stage, DCF flows along the wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) in two different cities were measured in order to assess the current levels of pharmaceutical residues in the environment...
September 2016: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
Dong-Ryoung Lee, Suin Jang, Min Woo Lee, Hongki Yoo
We propose a dual-detection confocal displacement sensor (DDCDS) with a compact fiber-based optical probe. This all-fiber-optic sensor probe is simple and robust, since it only requires simple alignment of a gradient refractive index lens and a double-clad fiber (DCF). The DDCDS is composed of two point detectors, one coupled to a single mode fiber and the other coupled to a multimode fiber, which are used to measure the light intensity from a core and an inner clad of a DCF, respectively. The ratio of the axial response curves, measured by the two detectors, can be used to obtain a linear relationship between the axial position of the object plane and the ratio of the intensity signals...
September 20, 2016: Applied Optics
Paula Pierozan, Helena Biasibetti, Felipe Schmitz, Helena Ávila, Carolina Gonçalves Fernandes, Regina Pessoa-Pureur, Angela T S Wyse
In the present work, we focused on mechanisms of methylmercury (MeHg) toxicity in primary astrocytes and neurons of rats. Cortical astrocytes and neurons exposed to 0.5-5 μM MeHg present a link among morphological alterations, glutathione (GSH) depletion, glutamate dyshomeostasis, and cell death. Disrupted neuronal cytoskeleton was assessed by decreased neurite length and neurite/neuron ratio. Astrocytes presented reorganization of actin and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) networks and reduced cytoplasmic area...
September 22, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
Fumiyoshi Tsunoda, Stefania Lamon-Fava, Katalin V Horvath, Ernst J Schaefer, Bela F Asztalos
BACKGROUND: Population studies have shown an inverse association between high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels and risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). HDL has different functions, including the ability to protect biological molecules from oxidation. Our aim was to evaluate the performance of two fluorescence-based assays in assessing the antioxidative capacity of HDL. METHODS: We compared the antioxidative capacity of HDL with the phospholipid 2',7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein (DCF) assay and the dihydrorhodamine 123 (DHR) assay in controls and in subjects at increased risk of CHD, including subjects with established CHD, and subjects with elevated plasma triglycerides (TG), serum amyloid A (SAA), or myeloperoxidase (MPO) levels...
2016: Lipids in Health and Disease
Linson Lonappan, Satinder Kaur Brar, Ratul Kumar Das, Mausam Verma, Rao Y Surampalli
Diclofenac (DCF) is a prevalent anti-inflammatory drug used throughout the world. Intensive researches carried out in the past few decades have confirmed the global ubiquity of DCF in various environmental compartments. Its frequent occurrence in freshwater environments and its potential toxicity towards several organisms such as fish and mussels makes DCF an emerging environmental contaminant. At typical detected environmental concentrations, the drug does not exhibit toxic effects towards living organisms, albeit chronic exposure may lead to severe effects...
September 17, 2016: Environment International
Abbas Baalbaki, George M Ayoub, Mahmoud Al-Hindi, Antoine Ghauch
The increase in demand for, and disposal of, pharmaceuticals, positively correlated with the growing human population, has led to the emergence of contaminants with high environmental and health impacts. Several developing countries that endure problems related to water sufficiency and/or quality resort to the use solar stills as an affordable water treatment method. This research is aimed at investigating the fate of five chemically distinct pharmaceuticals that might pervade solar stills; ibuprofen (IBU), diclofenac (DCF), carbamazepine (CBZ), ampicillin (AMP) and naproxen (NPX)...
September 17, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Jesús Daniel Cardoso-Vera, Hariz Islas-Flores, Nely SanJuan-Reyes, Elena Irabella Montero-Castro, Marcela Galar-Martínez, Sandra García-Medina, Armando Elizalde-Velázquez, Octavio Dublán-García, Leobardo Manuel Gómez-Oliván
Water is an increasingly deteriorated, limited natural resource due to population increase and industrialization. Also, the widespread use of pharmaceuticals in modern society leads to their presence in domestic, hospital and industrial effluents. Due to their analgesic properties, some of the most commonly used pharmaceuticals are nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). High concentrations of one these products, diclofenac (DCF), have been detected in effluents and water bodies of different countries, including Mexico...
September 16, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Yu Zhou, Shengyun Huang, Hongzhou Shen, Meng Ma, Baocun Zhu, Dongsheng Zhang
PURPOSE: To detect glutathione (GSH) in oral squamous carcinoma cells (OSCCs) with a GSH selective fluorescent probe during the course of oxidative stress and apoptosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A novel GSH probe was applied to assess GSH in human tongue squamous cell carcinoma cells (cal-27). The cellular GSH and reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels were assessed with a GSH probe and DCF-DA (2,7-dichlorofluorescin diacetate) probe. The mitochondrial GSH and ROS levels were assessed with a GSH probe, DCF-DA probe, and Mitotracker Red CM-H2XRos probe (Invitrogen, Carlsbad, CA)...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Yukiharu Hiyoshi, Naoya Yoshida, Masayuki Watanabe, Junji Kurashige, Yoshifumi Baba, Yasuo Sakamoto, Hideo Baba
BACKGROUND: Docetaxel, cisplatin and fluorouracil (DCF) is a candidate neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) regimen for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Although the efficacy and safety of DCF have been reported, the markers that predict the patient's response are still unknown. The aim of this study was to identify the predictive markers for a response to NAC with DCF in patients with ESCC. METHODS: A total of 79 patients who received preoperative DCF followed by esophagectomy between August 2008 and December 2014 were enrolled in this study...
September 8, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
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