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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107717/diclofenac-can-exhibit-estrogenic-modes-of-action-in-male-xenopus-laevis-and-affects-the-hypothalamus-pituitary-gonad-axis-and-mating-vocalizations
#1
Norah Johanna Efosa, Wibke Kleiner, Werner Kloas, Frauke Hoffmann
Diclofenac (DCF) is a non-steroidal analgesic and antiphlogistic. Due to its tremendous use, DCF can be found in the environment, especially in sewage, but also surface waters, ground and drinking water. Previous studies indicated that DCF can modulate the reproductive physiology of fish by altering the expression of important key enzymes of the hypothalamus-pituitary-gonad-axis (HPG-axis) and might act as an estrogenic endocrine disrupting chemical (EDC). Other studies, however, demonstrated that DCF does not exhibit any estrogenicity...
January 6, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102676/novel-antitumor-platinum-ii-conjugates-containing-the-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-agent-diclofenac-synthesis-and-dual-mechanisms-of-antiproliferative-effects
#2
Francesco Paolo Intini, Juraj Zajac, Vojtech Novohradsky, Teresa Saltarella, Concetta Pacifico, Viktor Brabec, Giovanni Natile, Jana Kasparkova
One concept how to improve anticancer effects of conventional metallodrugs consists in conjugation of these compounds with other biologically (antitumor) active agents, acting by a different mechanism. Here, we present synthesis, biological effects, and mechanisms of action of new Pt(II) derivatives containing one or two nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory diclofenac (DCF) ligands also known for their antitumor effects. The antiproliferative properties of these metallic conjugates show that these compounds are potent and cancer cell selective cytotoxic agents exhibiting activity in cisplatin resistant and the COX-2 positive tumor cell lines...
January 19, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101901/cyto-genotoxicity-and-oxidative-stress-in-common-carp-cyprinus-carpio-exposed-to-a-mixture-of-ibuprofen-and-diclofenac
#3
Hariz Islas-Flores, Leobardo Manuel Gómez-Oliván, Marcela Galar-Martínez, Esmeralda Michelle Sánchez-Ocampo, Nely SanJuan-Reyes, Mariana Ortíz-Reynoso, Octavio Dublán-García
Thirty million people worldwide consume each day nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), a heterogeneous group of pharmaceuticals used for its analgesic, antipyretic, and anti-inflammatory properties. Recent studies report high NSAID concentrations in wastewater treatment plant effluents, in surface, ground, and drinking water, and in sediments. NSAIDs are also known to induce toxicity on aquatic organisms. However, toxicity in natural ecosystems is not usually the result of exposure to a single substance but to a mixture of toxic agents, yet only a few studies have evaluated the toxicity of mixtures...
January 19, 2017: Environmental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097162/antioxidant-activity-of-polyphenolic-myricetin-in-vitro-cell-free-and-cell-based-systems
#4
Abolfazl Barzegar
Myricetin (Myc) is one of the most important flavonoids in diet due to its abundance in foods with the highest antioxidant activity. The antioxidant activity of Myc was studied in cell-free and cell-based systems to evaluate the ROS protection efficiency of Myc. The studies were based on the assessment of reducing power of Myc according to ferric ion reduction and intracellular ROS level measurement by assaying the cellular fluorescence intensity using dichlorodihydrofluorescein (DCF) probe as an indicator for ROS in cells...
June 2016: Molecular Biology Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075404/advanced-oxidation-protein-products-modified-albumin-induces-differentiation-of-raw264-7-macrophages-into-dendritic-like-cells-which-is-modulated-by-cell-surface-thiols
#5
Silvano Garibaldi, Chiara Barisione, Barbara Marengo, Pietro Ameri, Claudio Brunelli, Manrico Balbi, Giorgio Ghigliotti
Local accumulation of Advanced Oxidation Protein Products (AOPP) induces pro-inflammatory and pro-fibrotic processes in kidneys and is an independent predictor of renal fibrosis and of rapid decline of eGFR in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). In addition to kidney damage, circulating AOPP may be regarded as mediators of systemic oxidative stress and, in this capacity, they might play a role in the progression of atherosclerotic damage of arterial walls. Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease that involves activation of innate and adaptive immunity...
January 10, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063819/toxicological-interactions-of-silver-nanoparticles-and-non-essential-metals-in-human-hepatocarcinoma-cell-line
#6
Renata Rank Miranda, Arandi Ginane Bezerra, Ciro Alberto Oliveira Ribeiro, Marco Antônio Ferreira Randi, Carmen Lúcia Voigt, Lilian Skytte, Kaare Lund Rasmussen, Frank Kjeldsen, Francisco Filipak Neto
Toxicological interaction represents a challenge to toxicology, particularly for novel contaminants. There are no data whether silver nanoparticles (AgNPs), present in a wide variety of products, can interact and modulate the toxicity of ubiquitous contaminants, such as nonessential metals. In the current study, we investigated the toxicological interactions of AgNP (size=1-2nm; zeta potential=-23mV), cadmium and mercury in human hepatoma HepG2 cells. The results indicated that the co-exposures led to toxicological interactions, with AgNP+Cd being more toxic than AgNP+Hg...
January 5, 2017: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062645/crystallographic-substrate-binding-studies-of-leishmania-mexicana-scp2-thiolase-type-2-unique-features-of-oxyanion-hole-1
#7
Rajesh K Harijan, Tiila-Riikka Kiema, Shahan M Syed, Imran Qadir, Muriel Mazet, Frédéric Bringaud, Paul A M Michels, Rik K Wierenga
Structures of the C123A variant of the dimeric Leishmania mexicana SCP2-thiolase (type-2) (Lm-thiolase), complexed with acetyl-CoA and acetoacetyl-CoA, respectively, are reported. The catalytic site of thiolase contains two oxyanion holes, OAH1 and OAH2, which are important for catalysis. The two structures reveal for the first time the hydrogen bond interactions of the CoA-thioester oxygen atom of the substrate with the hydrogen bond donors of OAH1 of a CHH-thiolase. The amino acid sequence fingerprints ( C: xS, N: EAF, G H: P) of three catalytic loops identify the active site geometry of the well-studied CNH-thiolases, whereas SCP2-thiolases (type-1, type-2) are classified as CHH-thiolases, having as corresponding fingerprints C: xS, H: DCF and G H: P...
January 5, 2017: Protein Engineering, Design & Selection: PEDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043207/behavior-of-pharmaceuticals-in-uv-photoreactors-fed-with-sewage-treated-by-anaerobic-aerobic-system
#8
Bruna Coelho Lopes, Ananda Lima Sanson, Sérgio Francisco de Aquino, Cláudio Leite de Souza, Carlos Augusto de Lemos Chernicharo, Robson José de Cássia Franco Afonso
This work has assessed the seasonal changes and the dynamics in the concentration of six pharmaceutical compounds during photolysis as a tertiary treatment of sewage previously treated by an anaerobic/aerobic system comprising a UASB (Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket) reactor and a trickling filter (TF). The target compounds were four antibiotics (ciprofloxacin (CPF), clindamycin (CLM), sulfamethoxazole (SMX), and trimetoprim), one β-blocker (atenolol), and one anti-inflammatory (diclofenac (DCF)). Six hydraulic retention times (HRTs) were evaluated (5, 10, 20, 40, 80, and 160 min) with the intent of varying the ultraviolet C (UVC) radiation doses applied to the effluent from biological treatment containing the target contaminants...
January 19, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043021/toxic-effects-of-diclofenac-on-life-history-parameters-and-the-expression-of-detoxification-related-genes-in-daphnia-magna
#9
Yang Liu, Lan Wang, Benben Pan, Chao Wang, Shuang Bao, Xiangping Nie
Diclofenac (DCF), as a widely used drug, has been detected in various environmental media such as municipal wastewater effluent. However, there is little information on the effects of DCF on freshwater invertebrates potentially exposing to its residues in surface water. In the present study, we investigated the toxic effects of DCF on the physiological parameters (e.g., survival, growth rate, and reproduction) of a crustacean, Daphnia magna, via a 21-d chronic toxicity test, and we also evaluated the effects of DCF on the expression of the genes related to the detoxification metabolism, growth, development and reproduction (e...
December 26, 2016: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038360/can-the-actions-of-child-welfare-case-managers-predict-case-outcomes
#10
Svetlana Yampolskaya, Mary I Armstrong, Anne Strozier, Jayme Swanke
This study examined the effect of efforts made by child welfare case managers to involve parents in case processes on two divergent case outcomes: reunification and the termination of parental rights (TPR). The sample was comprised of a cohort of children who received child protection services while in out-of-home care during fiscal year 2009-2010 and were randomly selected by the Florida Department of Children and Families (DCF) for their case management quality of practice reviews. Findings revealed that when child welfare case managers made efforts to encourage and support parents in participating in child-related decisions and activities, there were increased chances for timely reunification...
December 27, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018307/variable-effects-of-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-nsaids-on-selected-biochemical-processes-mediated-by-soil-microorganisms
#11
Mariusz Cycoń, Sławomir Borymski, Bartłomiej Żołnierczyk, Zofia Piotrowska-Seget
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are the most frequently used group of pharmaceuticals. The high consumption and the uncontrolled disposal of unused drugs into municipal waste or their deposit in landfills can result in an increased concentration of these compounds in soils. Moreover, these drugs can affect the microbial activity. However, there is a lack of knowledge about these effects or it is very limited. Therefore, the objective of this study was to compare the impact of selected commercially available NSAIDs, i...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966080/photocatalytic-behaviour-of-wo3-tio2-n-for-diclofenac-degradation-using-simulated-solar-radiation-as-an-activation-source
#12
A Cordero-García, G Turnes Palomino, L Hinojosa-Reyes, J L Guzmán-Mar, L Maya-Teviño, A Hernández-Ramírez
In this study, the photocatalytic removal of an emerging contaminant, diclofenac (DCF) sodium, was performed using the nitrogen-doped WO3/TiO2-coupled oxide catalyst (WO3/TiO2-N). The catalyst synthesis was accomplished by a sol-gel method using tetrabutyl orthotitanate (C16H36O4Ti), ammonium p-tungstate [(NH4)10H2W12O42·4H2O] and ammonium nitrate (NH4NO3) as the nitrogen source. For comparison, TiO2 and WO3/TiO2 were also prepared under similar conditions. Analysis by X-ray diffraction (XRD), N2 adsorption-desorption, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), diffuse reflectance UV-Vis spectroscopy (DRS) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) were conducted to characterize the synthesized materials...
December 13, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965178/study-of-novel-anticancer-4-thiazolidinone-derivatives
#13
Konrad A Szychowski, Marcin L Leja, Danylo V Kaminskyy, Urszula E Binduga, Oleh R Pinyazhko, Roman B Lesyk, Jan Gmiński
4-Thiazolidinones are a known class of prospective drug-like molecules, especially in the design of new anticancer agents. Two of the most prominent subtypes of these compounds are 5-ene-2-amino(amino)-4-thiazolidinones and thiopyrano[2,3-d]thiazoles. The latter are considered to be cyclic mimetics of biologically active 5-ene-4-thiazolidinones with similar pharmacological profiles. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of 4-thiazolidinone-based compounds on cytotoxicity, the apoptotic process, and metabolism in the human squamous carcinoma (SCC-15) cell line...
January 25, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910825/monte-carlo-studies-on-water-and-lif-cavity-properties-for-dose-reporting-quantities-when-using-x-ray-and-brachytherapy-sources
#14
Isabela Soares Lopes Branco, Paula Cristina Guimarães Antunes, Gabriel Paiva Fonseca, Hélio Yoriyaz
Model-based dose calculation algorithms (MBDCAs) are the current tools to estimate dose in brachytherapy, which takes into account heterogeneous medium, therefore, departing from water-based formalism (TG-43). One aspect associated to MBCDA is the choice of dose specification medium since it offers two possibilities to report dose: (a) dose to medium in medium, D m,m; and (b) dose to water in medium, D w,m. The discussion about the preferable quantity to be reported is underway. The dose conversion factors, DCF, between dose to water in medium, D w,m, and dose to medium in medium, D m,m, is based on cavity theory and can be obtained using different approaches...
December 21, 2016: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907921/feasibility-of-preoperative-chemotherapy-with-docetaxel-cisplatin-and-5-fluorouracil-versus-adriamycin-cisplatin-and-5-fluorouracil-for-resectable-advanced-esophageal-cancer
#15
Osamu Shiraishi, Makoto Yamasaki, Tomoki Makino, Masaaki Motoori, Hiroshi Miyata, Masayuki Shinkai, Yutaka Kimura, Motohiro Hirao, Kazumasa Fujitani, Shigeyuki Tamura, Kenji Kobayashi, Masahiko Yano, Yuichiro Doki, Takushi Yasuda
BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy for resectable advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) requires reassessment. We have conducted a trial aiming at the comparison between DCF and ACF concerning perioperative adverse events. METHODS: Patients were randomly assigned to receive either DCF [docetaxel 70 mg/m2, cisplatin 70 mg/m2 on day 1, and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) 700 mg/m2 for 5 days] every 3 weeks or ACF (adriamycin 35 mg/m2, cisplatin 70 mg/m2 on day 1, and 5-FU 700 mg/m2 for 7 days) every 4 weeks...
December 2, 2016: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904274/pretreatment-of-ferulic-acid-protects-human-dermal-fibroblasts-against-ultraviolet-a-irradiation
#16
Hyung Jin Hahn, Ki Bbeum Kim, Seunghee Bae, Byung Gon Choi, Sungkwan An, Kyu Joong Ahn, Su Young Kim
BACKGROUND: Approximately 90%~99% of ultraviolet A (UVA) ray reaches the Earth's surface. The deeply penetrating UVA rays induce the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which results in oxidative stress such as photoproducts, senescence, and cell death. Thus, UVA is considered a primary factor that promotes skin aging. OBJECTIVE: Researchers investigated whether pretreatment with ferulic acid protects human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs) against UVA-induced cell damages...
December 2016: Annals of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898421/stimulation-of-erythrocyte-cell-membrane-scrambling-by-quinine
#17
Morena Mischitelli, Mohamed Jemaà, Mustafa Almasry, Caterina Faggio, Florian Lang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The analkaloid drug quinine is utilized mainly for the chemoprophylaxis of malaria. The multiple side effects of quinine include hemolytic anemia and hemolytic uremic syndrome, disorders involving suicidal erythrocyte death or eryptosis, which is characterized by cell shrinkage and cell membrane scrambling with phosphatidylserine translocation to the erythrocyte surface. Signaling contributing to stimulation of eryptosis include increase of cytosolic Ca2+ activity ([Ca2+]i), oxidative stress, ceramide and D4476 sensitive casein kinase...
2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894409/the-effects-of-mitochondrial-dna-deletion-and-copy-number-variations-on-different-exercise-intensities-in-highly-trained-swimmers
#18
O Baykara, S K Sahin, F Akbas, M Guven, I Onaran
It has been suggested that heavy exercise might increase oxidative stress, causing mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations as well as DNA mutations and changes in the mtDNA copy number in cells. mtDNA4977 deletion is one of the most common deletions seen on mitochondria. We hypothesize association between exercise induced oxidative stress and mtDNA damage in peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) of highly trained swimmers. Therefore we studied the mtDNA4977 deletion level, mtDNA copy number and their relationship with cellular ATP and oxidative stress status in PBLs of swimmers...
October 31, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893752/effect-of-butyrate-on-collagen-expression-cell-viability-cell-cycle-progression-and-related-proteins-expression-of-mg-63-osteoblastic-cells
#19
Mei-Chi Chang, Yi-Ling Tsai, Eric Jein-Wein Liou, Chia-Mei Tang, Tong-Mei Wang, Hsin-Cheng Liu, Ming-Wei Liao, Sin-Yuet Yeung, Chiu-Po Chan, Jiiang-Huei Jeng
AIMS: Butyric acid is one major metabolic product generated by anaerobic Gram-negative bacteria of periodontal and root canal infection. Butyric acid affects the activity of periodontal cells such as osteoblasts. The purposes of this study were to investigate the effects of butyrate on MG-63 osteoblasts. METHODS: MG-63 cells were exposed to butyrate and cell viability was estimated by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. The mRNA and protein expression of type I collagen and cell cycle-related proteins were measured by reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), western blotting or immunofluorescent staining...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887776/critical-role-of-superoxide-anions-and-hydroxyl-radicals-in-hema-induced-apoptosis
#20
H Schweikl, M Godula, C Petzel, C Bolay, K A Hiller, W Buchalla
OBJECTIVE: Resin monomers such as 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) induce apoptosis because of the excess formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). The portion of ROS including superoxide anions, hydrogen peroxide or hydroxyl radicals in monomer-induced apoptosis is unknown. Here, the effectiveness of superoxide anions or hydroxyl radicals was analyzed using tempol or sodium formate as radical scavengers. METHODS: RAW264.7 mouse macrophages were exposed to HEMA (0-6-8mM) in the presence of tempol (0-0...
November 22, 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
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