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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636229/recovery-from-reproductive-and-morphological-abnormalities-in-medaka-oryzias-latipes-following-a-14-day-exposure-to-diclofenac
#1
Hirofumi Yokota, Kaho Higashi, Erina Hanada, Ei Matsuzaki, Yukinari Tsuruda, Tomoko Suzuki, Eiko Nakano, Sayaka Eguchi
Mating pairs of medaka (Oryzias latipes) were exposed to diclofenac (DCF) at measured concentrations of 0 (control), 7.1, 37, and 78 µg/L for 14 d under static-renewal conditions. Effects on reproductive success, as well as morphological abnormalities, of the fish were assessed. During the exposure period, both fecundity and fertility were significantly decreased in the 37 and 78 µg/L treatments groups, and swollen abdomens in females were observed in all exposure groups. Notably, a defect of the lower jaw also was observed in four male fish: two at 37 µg/L, and the others at 78 µg/L of DCF...
June 21, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630072/pseudomonas-quinolone-signal-pqs-induces-oxidative-stress-and-inhibits-heme-oxygenase-1-expression-in-lung-epithelial-cells
#2
Maher Y Abdalla, Traci Hoke, Javier Seravalli, Barbara L Switzer, Melissa Bavitz, Jill D Fliege, Peter J Murphy, Bradley E Britigan
Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) causes lung infection in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Pseudomonas Quinolone Signal (PQS) is a secreted PA virulence factor that contributes to the pathogenicity of PA. We were able to detect PQS in sputum samples from CF patients infected with PA, but not in samples from uninfected patients. We then tested the hypothesis that PQS induces oxidative stress in host cells by determining the ability of PQS to induce production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in lung epithelial cells (A549 and primary normal human bronchial epithelial (NHBE)) and macrophages (J774A...
June 19, 2017: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619434/terminalia-chebula-attenuates-quinolinate-induced-oxidative-pc12-and-oln-93-cell-death
#3
Hamid R Sadeghnia, Roya Jamshidi, Amir R Afshari, Hamid Mollazadeh, Fatemeh Forouzanfar, Hasan Rakhshandeh
BACKGROUND: Quinolinic acid (QA) is a product of tryptophan degradation and its pathologic accumulation has been found to induce neuroinflammatory and demyelinating diseases such as multiple sclerosis via excessive free radicals generation. Recent studies showed that Terminalia chebula has several pharmacological effects such as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective properties. The aim of this study was evaluation of the protective effect of T. chebula alcoholic extract (TCAE) on oxidative PC12 and OLN-93 cells death induced by QA...
May 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602912/synthetic-8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine-inhibited-metastasis-of-pancreatic-cancer-through-concerted-inhibitions-of-erm-and-rho-gtpase
#4
Jong-Min Park, Young-Min Han, Migyeong Jeong, Myung Hee Chung, Chang Il Kwon, Kwang Hyun Ko, Ki Baik Hahm
8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) is generated consequent to oxidative stress, but its paradoxical anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory, and anti-mutagenic effects via Rho-GTPase inhibition were noted in various models of inflammation and cancer. Metastasis occurs through cell detachment, epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), and cell migration; during these processes, changes in cell morphology are initiated through Rho-GTPase-dependent actin cytoskeleton polymerization. In this study, we explored the anti-metastatic mechanisms of 8-OHdG in Panc-1 pancreatic cancer cells...
June 8, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597391/desorption-of-micropollutant-from-spent-carbon-filters-used-for-water-purifier
#5
Da-Sol Kwon, So-Yeon Tak, Jung-Eun Lee, Moon-Kyung Kim, Young Hwa Lee, Doo Won Han, Sanghyeon Kang, Kyung-Duk Zoh
In this study, to examine the accumulated micropollutants in the spent carbon filter used in the water purifier, first, the method to desorb micropollutant from the activated carbon was developed and optimized. Then, using this optimized desorption conditions, we examined which micropollutants exist in spent carbon filters collected from houses in different regions in Korea where water purifiers were used. A total of 11 micropollutants (caffeine (CFF), acetaminophen (ACT), sulfamethazine (SMA), sulfamethoxazole (SMZ), metoprolol (MTP), carbamazepine (CBM), naproxen (NPX), bisphenol-A (BPA), ibuprofen (IBU), diclofenac (DCF), and triclocarban (TCB)) were analyzed using LC/MS-MS from the spent carbon filters...
June 9, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586740/umbelliferone-arrest-cell-cycle-at-g0-g1-phase-and-induces-apoptosis-in-human-oral-carcinoma-kb-cells-possibly-via-oxidative-dna-damage
#6
Annamalai Vijayalakshmi, Ganapathy Sindhu
Umbelliferone (UMB) has widespread pharmacological activity, comprising anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, anti-genotoxic and anti-immunomodulatory but the anticancer activity remains unknown in human oral carcinoma (HOC) KB cells. MTT assay determinations was revealed that treatment of KB cells with UMB, prevent and reduce the cell proliferation with the IC50 - 200μM as well as induces loss of cell viability, morphology change and internucleosomal DNA fragmentation in a concentration dependent manner. Acridine orange and ethidium bromide dual staining assay established that UMB induced apoptosis in KB cells in a dose dependent manner...
June 3, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574946/free-diced-cartilage-a-new-application-of-diced-cartilage-grafts-in-primary-and-secondary-rhinoplasty
#7
Christian Kreutzer, Julius Hoehne, Wolfgang Gubisch, Farid Rezaeian, Sebastian Haack
BACKGROUND: Irregularities or deformities of the nasal dorsum after hump reduction account for a significant number of revision rhinoplasties. We therefore developed a technique of meticulously dicing and exactly placing free diced cartilage grafts (fDC), harvested from septum, rib, or ear cartilage. The cartilage paste is used for smoothening, augmentation, or camouflaging of the nasal dorsum in primary or revision rhinoplasties. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of multi-surgeon consecutive open approach rhinoplasties from January to December 2014 was conducted at a single center...
May 31, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562569/traumatic-open-depressed-cranial-fracture-causing-occlusion-of-posterior-superior-sagittal-sinus-case-report
#8
Han-Song Sheng, Fang Shen, Jian Lin, Guang-Hui Bai, Fen-Chun Lin, Dan-Dong Li, Nu Zhang
RATIONALE: The superior sagittal sinus (SSS) is the major dural sinuses that receive a considerable amount of venous drainage. Interruption of its posterior third has been suggested to cause intracranial hypertension and lead to potentially fatal consequences. PATIENT CONCERNS: We presented a 22-year-old man with a severe headache and scalp bleeding after a head chop wound. Physical examination identified a 20-cm straight laceration in his parietooccipital scalp...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554861/galantamine-alleviates-senescence-of-u87-cells-induced-by-beta-amyloid-through-decreasing-ros-production
#9
Yan Zhang, Lingling Zhao, Zhaoxuan Wu, Xinxin Chen, Tong Ma
Galantamine, which is currently used in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD), has been shown to exert a neuroprotective effect against beta-amyloid (Aβ) peptide-induced toxicity, a critical component involved in the pathogenesis of AD. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of galantamine on proliferation, senescence and ROS production in a U87 cell line treated with Aβ. With the use of a Cell Counting Kit-8 and β galactosidase staining assay, we observed that galantamine (0.3μM) pretreatment significantly prevented Aβ1-40-induced cell degradation and senescence...
May 26, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549670/cilastatin-attenuates-vancomycin-induced-nephrotoxicity-via-p-glycoprotein
#10
Dai Sig Im, Hye Jin Shin, Keum Jin Yang, So Young Jung, Ho Yeon Song, Hyeon Seok Hwang, Hyo-Wook Gil
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress is one of the main pathogenic mechanisms in vancomycin-induced nephrotoxicity (VIN). Some studies suggest proximal renal tubular cell necrosis by vancomycin accumulation as a mechanism of nephrotoxicity, and other studies demonstrate that cilastatin has protective effects against drug-induced nephrotoxicity. We investigated whether cilastatin regulates p-gp expression and whether cilastation prevents VIN. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted an in vitro study using an immortalized proximal tubule epithelial cell line from a normal adult human kidney (HK-2) and an in vivo study using male C57BL/6J mice...
May 23, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539105/removal-of-sulfamethoxazole-and-diclofenac-from-water-strategies-involving-o3-and-h2o2
#11
Daniela S Gomes, Licínio M Gando-Ferreira, Rosa M Quinta-Ferreira, Rui C Martins
Diclofenac (DCF) and Sulfamethoxazole (SMX) are two of the most frequently detected pharmaceutical compounds in water and are hardly removed by biological treatment systems. The presence of H2O2 was investigated in the ozonation of these two compounds. Experiments were carried out with both using distilled water and secondary effluent from a municipal wastewater treatment plant spiked with pharmaceuticals. Chemical oxygen demand (COD) abatement rate improved when H2O2 was added at the beginning of the ozonation process and when the ozone inlet concentration increased, attaining a maximum value of 91% and simultaneously a lower ozone waste for a H2O2 initial concentration of 5 mM and an ozone inlet concentration of 20 g Nm(-3)...
June 8, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535537/triggering-of-suicidal-erythrocyte-death-by-exemestane
#12
Abdulla Al Mamun Bhuyan, Rosi Bissinger, Hang Cao, Florian Lang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The steroidal aromatase inactivator exemestane blocks estrogen biosynthesis and is thus employed for the prevention and treatment of breast cancer. Exemestane is in part effective by stimulation of suicidal cell death or apoptosis. Side effects of exemestane treatment include anemia. At least in theory, exemestane induced anemia could be secondary to stimulation of suicidal erythrocyte death or eryptosis, characterized by cell shrinkage and cell membrane scrambling with phosphatidylserine translocation to the erythrocyte surface...
2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528506/exposure-of-marine-mussels-to-diclofenac-modulation-of-prostaglandin-biosynthesis
#13
Frédérique Courant, Lauren Arpin-Pont, Bénilde Bonnefille, Sébastien Vacher, Marina Picot-Groz, Elena Gomez, Hélène Fenet
Human pharmaceuticals, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), are an emerging threat to marine organisms. NSAIDs act through inhibition of cyclooxygenase (COX) conversion of arachidonic acid into prostaglandins. One experiment was carried out whereby marine mussels were exposed for 72 h to 1 and 100 μg/L diclofenac (DCF). A specific and sensitive method using liquid chromatography high-resolution tandem mass spectrometry was developed to quantify DCF in mussel tissues. The developed method could also clearly identify and quantify COX products, i...
May 21, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522175/pharmacological-inhibition-of-soluble-epoxide-hydrolase-or-genetic-deletion-reduces-diclofenac-induced-gastric-ulcers
#14
Sumanta Kumar Goswami, Amelia Ann Rand, Debin Wan, Jun Yang, Bora Inceoglu, Melany Thomas, Christophe Morisseau, Guang-Yu Yang, Bruce D Hammock
AIMS: This research was conducted to evaluate the hypothesis that gastric ulcers caused by the NSAID diclofenac sodium (DCF) can be prevented by the soluble epoxide hydrolase inhibitor TPPU. MAIN METHODS: Mice were administered a single dose of 10, 30 or 100mg/kg of DCF. Once an ulcerative dose of DCF was chosen, mice were pretreated with TPPU for 7days at 0.1mg/kg to evaluate anti-ulcer effects of the sEH inhibitor on anatomy, histopathology, pH, inflammatory markers and epithelial apoptosis of stomachs...
July 1, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511040/removal-of-selected-ppcps-edcs-and-antibiotic-resistance-genes-in-landfill-leachate-by-a-full-scale-constructed-wetlands-system
#15
Xinzhu Yi, Ngoc Han Tran, Tingru Yin, Yiliang He, Karina Yew-Hoong Gin
Landfill leachate could be a significant source of emerging contaminants (ECs) and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) into the environment. This study provides the first information on the occurrence of selected ECs and ARGs in raw leachate from 16-year old closed landfill site in Singapore. Among the investigated ECs, acetaminophen (ACT), bisphenol A (BPA), clofibric acid (CA), caffeine (CF), crotamiton (CTMT), diclofenac (DCF), N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide (DEET), gemfibrozil (GFZ), lincomycin (LIN), salicylic acid (SA), and sulfamethazine (SMZ) were the most frequently detected compounds in raw landfill leachate...
May 8, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504156/poly-n-methacryloyl-glycine-nanocellulose-composites-as-ph-sensitive-systems-for-controlled-release-of-diclofenac
#16
Louise Saïdi, Carla Vilela, Helena Oliveira, Armando J D Silvestre, Carmen S R Freire
The present study reports the development of non-cytotoxic and pH-sensitive nanostructured membranes consisting of a polymer with amino acid pending moieties and bacterial nanocellulose (BC). The nanocomposites were prepared through a simple methodology under green reaction conditions. The obtained materials display good thermal stability (up to 200°C), viscoelastic (storage modulus>700MPa) and mechanical (Young's modulus=3.5-4.9GPa) properties, together with high water uptake capacity. The results of the in vitro MTT assay showed that the nanocomposites are non-cytotoxic to HaCaT cells for 72h...
August 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504001/n-acetylcysteine-potentiates-diclofenac-toxicity-in-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-stronger-potentiation-in-abc-transporter-mutant-strains
#17
Houssein Al-Attrache, Hala Chamieh, Monzer Hamzé, Isabelle Morel, Samir Taha, Ziad Abdel-Razzak
Diclofenac (DCF) adverse reactions involve diverse mechanisms in different models. We recently demonstrated that DCF-induced toxicity in HepaRG decreases as they express DCF-metabolizing enzymes. DCF metabolism promotes toxicity in Saccharomyces cerevisiae expressing heterologous cytochromes-P450. N-Acetylcysteine (NAC) is used to treat diverse medical conditions due to its multiple properties (antioxidant, metal chelator, thiol-disulfide disruption). The latter property accounts for its mucolytic effects and broadens its potential molecular targets to signal transduction proteins, ABC transporters and others...
May 15, 2017: Drug and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500745/advanced-oxidation-protein-products-induce-hepatocyte-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-via-a-ros-dependent-tgf-%C3%AE-smad-signaling-pathway
#18
Shibo Sun, Fang Xie, Qifan Zhang, Zhonglin Cui, Xinsheng Cheng, Feng Zhong, Kun He, Jie Zhou
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) occurs during the progression of liver fibrosis in response to chronic liver injury. However, the molecular mechanism underlying the regulation of hepatocyte EMT remains unclear. The aim of this study was to determine whether advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP) had an effect on hepatocyte EMT. The human L02 hepatocyte cell line and hepatocytes from normal Sprague-Dawley rats were challenged with AOPP treatment in both in vitro and in vivo studies. The expression of cell and molecular markers of EMT in L02 hepatocytes were studied using Western blotting, and quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) assays...
May 13, 2017: Cell Biology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498129/photodegradation-of-diclofenac-in-aqueous-solution-by-simulated-sunlight-irradiation-kinetics-thermodynamics-and-pathways
#19
N Zhang, J M Li, G G Liu, X L Chen, K Jiang
Diclofenac (DCF) is one of the most frequently detected pharmaceuticals in various water samples. This paper studied the effects of aquatic environmental factors (pH, temperature and dissolved organic matter) on photodegradation of DCF under simulated sunlight. The results demonstrate that degradation pathways proceed via pseudo first-order kinetics in all cases and the photodegradation of DCF by simulated sunlight. Thermodynamic study indicated that the photodegradation course is spontaneous, exothermic and irreversible...
May 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494450/stachydrine-protects-against-pressure-overload-induced-cardiac-hypertrophy-by-suppressing-autophagy
#20
Tong-Tong Cao, Hui-Hua Chen, Zhiwei Dong, Yan-Wu Xu, Pei Zhao, Wei Guo, Hong-Chang Wei, Chen Zhang, Rong Lu
BACKGROUND: Autophagy is required for the maintenance of cardiomyocyte homeostasis. However, excessive autophagy plays a maladaptive role in pressure overload-induced heart failure. To identify mechanisms by which Stachydrine inhibits pressure overload-induced cardiac hypertrophy, we determined inhibitory activities against activation of NADPH oxidase, reactive oxygen species(ROS) production and excessive activation of autophagy. METHODS: Stachydrine was administered intragastrically to Wistar rats after Transverse aortic constriction(TAC) and H9c2 cells were treated with Stachydrine after Angiotension II stimulation...
2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
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