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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150640/early-endosome-motility-mediates-%C3%AE-amylase-production-and-cell-differentiation-in-aspergillus-oryzae
#1
Yusuke Togo, Yujiro Higuchi, Yoshinori Katakura, Kaoru Takegawa
Recent research in filamentous fungi has revealed that the motility of an endocytic organelle early endosome (EE) has a versatile role in many physiological functions. Here, to further examine the motility of EEs in the industrially important fungus Aspergillus oryzae, we visualized these organelles via the Rab5 homolog AoRab5 and identified AoHok1, a putative linker protein between an EE and a motor protein. The Aohok1 disruptant showed retarded mycelial growth and no EE motility, in addition to an apical accumulation of EEs and peroxisomes...
November 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145881/multiple-small-hemorrhagic-infarcts-in-cerebral-air-embolism-a-case-report
#2
Masaya Togo, Taku Hoshi, Ryosuke Matsuoka, Yukihiro Imai, Nobuo Kohara
BACKGROUND: Cerebral air embolism is a rare cause of cerebral infarction. In cerebral air embolism, T2 star-weighted imaging shows numerous spotty hypointense signals. Previous reports have suggested that these signals represent air in the brain and are gradually diminished and absorbed. We experienced two cases of cerebral air embolism, and in one of them, we conducted an autopsy. CASE PRESENTATION: Case 1 was a 76-year-old Japanese man with lung cancer and emphysema...
November 16, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143625/trends-in-hepatitis-b-virus-testing-practices-and-management-in-hiv-clinics-across-sub-saharan-africa
#3
REVIEW
Patrick A Coffie, Matthias Egger, Michael J Vinikoor, Marcel Zannou, Lameck Diero, Akouda Patassi, Mark H Kuniholm, Moussa Seydi, Guillaume Bado, Ponsiano Ocama, Monique I Andersson, Eugène Messou, Albert Minga, Philippa Easterbrook, Kathryn Anastos, François Dabis, Gilles Wandeler
BACKGROUND: Approximately 8% of HIV-infected individuals are co-infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV) in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Knowledge of HBV status is important to guide optimal selection of antiretroviral therapy (ART) and monitor/prevent liver-related complications. We describe changes in testing practices and management of HBV infection over a 3-year period in HIV clinics across SSA. METHODS: A medical chart review was conducted in large urban HIV treatment centers in Côte d'Ivoire (3 sites), Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Kenya, Senegal, South Africa, Togo, Uganda and Zambia (1 site each)...
November 1, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112689/hiv-prevalence-and-behavioral-and-psychosocial-factors-among-transgender-women-and-cisgender-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-8-african-countries-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#4
Tonia Poteat, Benjamin Ackerman, Daouda Diouf, Nuha Ceesay, Tampose Mothopeng, Ky-Zerbo Odette, Seni Kouanda, Henri Gautier Ouedraogo, Anato Simplice, Abo Kouame, Zandile Mnisi, Gift Trapence, L Leigh Ann van der Merwe, Vicente Jumbe, Stefan Baral
INTRODUCTION: Sub-Saharan Africa bears more than two-thirds of the worldwide burden of HIV; however, data among transgender women from the region are sparse. Transgender women across the world face significant vulnerability to HIV. This analysis aimed to assess HIV prevalence as well as psychosocial and behavioral drivers of HIV infection among transgender women compared with cisgender (non-transgender) men who have sex with men (cis-MSM) in 8 sub-Saharan African countries. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Respondent-driven sampling targeted cis-MSM for enrollment...
November 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110699/extensively-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-in-mali-a-case-report
#5
Bassirou Diarra, Yacouba Toloba, Bakary Konate, Moumine Sanogo, Antieme Combo Georges Togo, Fatimata Camara, Gaoussou Berthe, Dianguina Soumaré, Bocar Baya, Drissa Goita, Yeya Dit Sadio Sarro, Mamoudou Maiga, Michael Belson, Susan Orsega, Sounkalo Dao, Robert L Murphy, Sophia Siddiqui, Bouke C de Jong, Seydou Doumbia, Souleymane Diallo
BACKGROUND: Drug resistant tuberculosis presents a major public health challenge. CASE PRESENTATION: We present here the first two patients diagnosed with extensively drug resistant tuberculosis in Bamako, Mali. Genotypic findings suggest possible nosocomial transmission from the first patient to the second one, resulting in superinfection of the second patient. After being diagnosed with extensively drug resistant tuberculosis in August 2016, the patients only started receiving appropriate treatment 10 months later...
November 6, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107142/antibacterial-activity-and-cytotoxicity-of-pterocarpus-erinaceus-poir-extracts-fractions-and-isolated-compounds
#6
Nassifatou Koko Tittikpina, Frédéric Nana, Stéphane Fontanay, Stéphanie Philippot, Komlan Batawila, Koffi Akpagana, Gilbert Kirsch, Patrick Chaimbault, Claus Jacob, Raphaël Emmanuel Duval
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Pterocarpus erinaceus has been chosen based on ethnobotanical surveys carried out in the Tchamba district of the Republic of Togo. AIM OF THE STUDY: Investigation of the antibacterial as well as cytotoxic activities of whole extracts, fractions and compounds isolated from the leaves, trunk bark and roots of Pterocarpus erinaceus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Bio-guided fractionation of the raw extracts of plant parts and subsequent isolation of compounds from active fractions using normal phase open column chromatography...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093721/genetic-variation-and-population-structure-of-oryza-glaberrima-and-development-of-a-mini-core-collection-using-dartseq
#7
Marie-Noelle Ndjiondjop, Kassa Semagn, Arnaud C Gouda, Sèdjro B Kpeki, Daniel Dro Tia, Mounirou Sow, Alphonse Goungoulou, Moussa Sie, Xavier Perrier, Alain Ghesquiere, Marilyn L Warburton
The sequence variation present in accessions conserved in genebanks can best be used in plant improvement when it is properly characterized and published. Using low cost and high density single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) assays, the genetic diversity, population structure, and relatedness between pairs of accessions can be quickly assessed. This information is relevant for different purposes, including creating core and mini-core sets that represent the maximum possible genetic variation contained in the whole collection...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092813/cell-membrane-disruption-stimulates-camp-and-ca-2-signaling-to-potentiate-cell-membrane-resealing-in-neighboring-cells
#8
Tatsuru Togo
Disruption of cellular plasma membranes, a common event in many animal tissues, is usually rapidly resealed. Moreover, repeated membrane disruptions within a single cell reseal faster than the initial wound in a protein kinase A (PKA) and protein kinase C (PKC)-dependent manner. In addition to wounded cells, recent studies have demonstrated that wounding of Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells potentiates membrane resealing in neighboring cells in the short-term by purinergic signaling and in the long-term by nitric oxide/protein kinase G signaling...
November 1, 2017: Biology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090018/incidence-root-cause-and-outcomes-of-unintentionally-retained-intraabdominal-surgical-sponges-a-retrospective-case-series-from-two-hospitals-in-togo
#9
Boyodi Tchangai, Mazamaesso Tchaou, Iroukora Kassegne, Kpatekana Simlawo
BACKGROUND: The term gossypiboma refers to a sponge that has been forgotten in the surgical field. It is the most common retained surgical item, and constitutes a continuing problem for surgical safety. We performed a hospital-based study to examine their incidence, root cause, and outcomes, as an effort toward improving prevention. METHODS: This retrospective study covered 10 years (2006-2015) and included surgically confirmed cases of abdominal gossypibomas occurring after 45,011 abdominal and gynaecological operations in 2 public hospitals in Lome (Togo)...
2017: Patient Safety in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073266/effect-of-a-short-training-on-neonatal-face-mask-ventilation-performance-in-a-low-resource-setting
#10
Alessandro Mazza, Francesco Cavallin, Anita Cappellari, Antuan Divisic, Ivana Grbin, Jean Akakpo, Abdou Razak Moukaila, Daniele Trevisanuto
BACKGROUND: We assessed whether a short training, effective in a high resource country, was able to improve the quality of face-mask ventilation (FMV) in a low resource setting. METHODS: Local healthcare providers at the Centre Médico-Social, Kouvè, Togo were asked to ventilate a neonatal leak-free manikin before (time-t1) and after (t2) a two-minute training session. Immediately after this section, a further two-minute training with participants aware of the data monitor was offered...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070900/new-routes-for-refinery-of-biogenic-platform-chemicals-catalyzed-by-cerium-oxide-supported-ruthenium-nanoparticles-in-water
#11
Tomoo Mizugaki, Keito Togo, Zen Maeno, Takato Mitsudome, Koichiro Jitsukawa, Kiyotomi Kaneda
Highly selective hydrogenative carbon-carbon bond scission of biomass-derived platform oxygenates was achieved with a cerium oxide-supported ruthenium nanoparticle catalyst in water. The present catalyst enabled the selective cleavage of carbon-carbon σ bonds adjacent to carboxyl, ester, and hydroxymethyl groups, opening new eight synthetic routes to valuable chemicals from biomass derivatives. The high selectivity for such carbon-carbon bond scission over carbon-oxygen bonds was attributed to the multiple catalytic roles of the Ru nanoparticles assisted by the in situ formed Ce(OH)3...
October 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060706/development-of-respiratory-function-monitor-for-neonates
#12
Fumihiko Takatori, Shinichiro Inoue, Satoru Togo, Shinji Yamamori
Approximately, 10 million babies do not breathe immediately at birth and some of them require positive pressure ventilation. However, inappropriate and excessive tidal volume delivery could lead to lung injury in neonatal patients. We developed a respiratory function monitor which can monitor mask leak, expiratory tidal volume, respiratory rate, peak inspiratory pressure, and end-tidal CO2 on a real-time basis. A neonatal flow sensor was specially designed and was integrated with a small mainstream capnometer, cap-ONE...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052506/the-proposed-new-species-cacao-red-vein-virus-and-three-previously-recognized-badnavirus-species-are-associated-with-cacao-swollen-shoot-disease
#13
Nomatter Chingandu, Koffie Kouakou, Romain Aka, George Ameyaw, Osman A Gutierrez, Hans-Werner Herrmann, Judith K Brown
BACKGROUND: Cacao swollen shoot virus (CSSV), Cacao swollen shoot CD virus (CSSCDV), and Cacao swollen shoot Togo A virus (CSSTAV) cause cacao swollen shoot disease (CSSD) in West Africa. During 2000-2003, leaf and shoot-swelling symptoms and rapid tree death were observed in cacao in Cote d'Ivoire and Ghana. Molecular tests showed positive infection in only ~50-60% of symptomatic trees, suggesting the possible emergence of an unknown badnavirus. METHODS: The DNA virome was determined from symptomatic cacao samples using Illumina-Hi Seq, and sequence accuracy was verified by Sanger sequencing...
October 19, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023510/reaching-the-first-90-gaps-in-coverage-of-hiv-testing-among-people-living-with-hiv-in-16-african-countries
#14
Sarah Staveteig, Trevor N Croft, Kathryn T Kampa, Sara K Head
BACKGROUND: UNAIDS has recently proposed a set of three ambitious targets that, if achieved, are predicted to end the AIDS epidemic by 2030. The targets, known as 90-90-90, call for 90% of people living with HIV (PLHIV) to know their status, 90% of PLHIV to receive antiretroviral therapy, and 90% of those on antiretroviral therapy to achieve viral suppression by the year 2020. We examine the first of these targets, focusing on sub-Saharan Africa, the region of the world most affected by HIV, to measure the proportion of PLHIV estimated to know their HIV status, and to identify background and behavioral characteristics significantly associated with gaps in ever testing among PLHIV...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021729/management-of-split-skin-graft-donor-site-in-the-west-african-sub-region-survey-of-plastic-surgeons-practice
#15
O A Olawoye, S A Ademola, A O Iyun, A I Michael, O M Oluwatosin
Split skin graft (SSG) is one of the most commonly performed operations on any Plastic Surgery service. Rate of donor site healing is affected by various factors including the type of dressing applied. The aim of this study was to survey the practice of plastic surgeons in the sub region with respect to management of SSG donor site and see how it conforms to international standards. Structured questionnaires on various aspects of the harvest and management of SSG donor sites were administered to plastic surgeons during the 53rd annual conference of the West African College of Surgeons (WACS) at Lome, Togo in March 2013...
June 30, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019309/management-of-a-lassa-fever-outbreak-rhineland-palatinate-germany-2016
#16
Lutz Ehlkes, Maja George, Gerhard Samosny, Florian Burckhardt, Manfred Vogt, Stefan Bent, Klaus Jahn, Philipp Zanger
Due to rapid diagnosis and isolation of imported cases, community outbreaks of viral haemorrhagic fevers (VHF) are considered unlikely in industrialised countries. In March 2016, the first documented locally acquired case of Lassa fever (LF) outside Africa occurred, demonstrating the disease's potential as a cross-border health threat. We describe the management surrounding this case of LF in Rhineland-Palatinate - the German federal state where secondary transmission occurred. Twelve days after having been exposed to the corpse of a LF case imported from Togo, a symptomatic undertaker tested positive for Lassa virus RNA...
September 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019307/control-measures-following-a-case-of-imported-lassa-fever-from-togo-north-rhine-westphalia-germany-2016
#17
Clara Lehmann, Matthias Kochanek, Diana Abdulla, Stephan Becker, Boris Böll, Anne Bunte, Daniel Cadar, Arno Dormann, Markus Eickmann, Petra Emmerich, Torsten Feldt, Christina Frank, Jochen Fries, Martin Gabriel, Udo Goetsch, René Gottschalk, Stephan Günther, Michael Hallek, Dieter Häussinger, Christian Herzog, Björn Jensen, Felix Kolibay, Michael Krakau, Georg Langebartels, Toni Rieger, Lars Schaade, Jonas Schmidt-Chanasit, Edgar Schömig, Gundolf Schüttfort, Alexander Shimabukuro-Vornhagen, Michael von Bergwelt-Baildon, Ulrike Wieland, Gerhard Wiesmüller, Timo Wolf, Gerd Fätkenheuer
In a patient transferred from Togo to Cologne, Germany, Lassa fever was diagnosed 12 days post mortem. Sixty-two contacts in Cologne were categorised according to the level of exposure, and gradual infection control measures were applied. No clinical signs of Lassa virus infection or Lassa specific antibodies were observed in the 62 contacts. Thirty-three individuals had direct contact to blood, other body fluids or tissue of the patients. Notably, with standard precautions, no transmission occurred between the index patient and healthcare workers...
September 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019164/tuberculosis-of-the-breast-in-togo-a-series-of-28-presumed-cases
#18
T Darré, M Tchaou, B N'Timon, A A Patassi, A Aboubakari, L Sonhaye, A Bassowa, K Amegbor, G Napo-Koura
Our study aimed to describe the epidemiological, clinical and histological aspects of mammary tuberculosis in Togo. This is a descriptive cross-sectional study of breast tuberculosis for which the diagnosis was presumed on histological grounds in the pathology department (LAP) of the Lomé Tokoin university hospital from January 1995 to December 2016 (20 years). A total of 28 presumed cases of mammary tuberculosis were identified. There were 26 women and 2 men, with an average age of 34.2 ± 0.3 years. The clinical signs were nodule (84...
October 2017: Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972975/getting-it-right-when-budgets-are-tight-using-optimal-expansion-pathways-to-prioritize-responses-to-concentrated-and-mixed-hiv-epidemics
#19
Robyn M Stuart, Cliff C Kerr, Hassan Haghparast-Bidgoli, Janne Estill, Laura Grobicki, Zofia Baranczuk, Lorena Prieto, Vilma Montañez, Iyanoosh Reporter, Richard T Gray, Jolene Skordis-Worrall, Olivia Keiser, Nejma Cheikh, Krittayawan Boonto, Sutayut Osornprasop, Fernando Lavadenz, Clemens J Benedikt, Rowan Martin-Hughes, S Azfar Hussain, Sherrie L Kelly, David J Kedziora, David P Wilson
BACKGROUND: Prioritizing investments across health interventions is complicated by the nonlinear relationship between intervention coverage and epidemiological outcomes. It can be difficult for countries to know which interventions to prioritize for greatest epidemiological impact, particularly when budgets are uncertain. METHODS: We examined four case studies of HIV epidemics in diverse settings, each with different characteristics. These case studies were based on public data available for Belarus, Peru, Togo, and Myanmar...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965358/benefits-and-limitations-of-animal-models-in-partial-bladder-outlet-obstruction-for-translational-research
#20
REVIEW
Takeya Kitta, Yukiko Kanno, Hiroki Chiba, Madoka Higuchi, Mifuka Ouchi, Mio Togo, Kimihiko Moriya, Nobuo Shinohara
The functions of the lower urinary tract have been investigated for more than a century. Lower urinary tract symptoms, such as incomplete bladder emptying, weak urine stream, daytime urinary frequency, urgency, urge incontinence and nocturia after partial bladder outlet obstruction, is a frequent cause of benign prostatic hyperplasia in aging men. However, the pathophysiological mechanisms have not been fully elucidated. The use of animal models is absolutely imperative for understanding the pathophysiological processes involved in bladder dysfunction...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
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