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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935805/teaching-personal-initiative-beats-traditional-training-in-boosting-small-business-in-west-africa
#1
Francisco Campos, Michael Frese, Markus Goldstein, Leonardo Iacovone, Hillary C Johnson, David McKenzie, Mona Mensmann
Standard business training programs aim to boost the incomes of the millions of self-employed business owners in developing countries by teaching basic financial and marketing practices, yet the impacts of such programs are mixed. We tested whether a psychology-based personal initiative training approach, which teaches a proactive mindset and focuses on entrepreneurial behaviors, could have more success. A randomized controlled trial in Togo assigned microenterprise owners to a control group (n = 500), a leading business training program (n = 500), or a personal initiative training program (n = 500)...
September 22, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932190/empirical-evaluation-of-voluntarily-activatable-muscle-synergies
#2
Shunta Togo, Hiroshi Imamizu
The muscle synergy hypothesis assumes that individual muscle synergies are independent of each other and voluntarily controllable. However, this assumption has not been empirically tested. This study tested if human subjects can voluntarily activate individual muscle synergies extracted by non-negative matrix factorization (NMF), the standard mathematical method for synergy extraction. We defined the activation of a single muscle synergy as the generation of a muscle activity pattern vector parallel to the single muscle synergy vector...
2017: Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927083/expression-of-thymidylate-synthase-predicts-clinical-outcomes-of-s-1-based-chemotherapy-in-squamous-cell-lung-cancer
#3
Yuichiro Honma, Shinsaku Togo, Kazue Shimizu, Miniwan Tulafu, Takuo Hayashi, Toshimasa Uekusa, Shigeru Tominaga, Kenji Kido, Yuichi Fujimoto, Yukiko Nanba, Kazuya Takamochi, Shiaki Oh, Kenji Suzuki, Kazuhisa Takahashi
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) histology have limited chemotherapeutic options. Treatment with S-1 combined with carboplatin (CBDCA) has been shown to provide a significant survival benefit in SCC patients compared with treatment with combined CBDCA and paclitaxel. The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between the expression of molecular markers related to the pharmacological action of S-1, including thymidylate synthase (TS), orotate phosphoribosyltransferase (OPRT) and dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD), and the clinical efficacy of S-1-based chemotherapy in SCC patients...
September 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904731/-management-for-esophageal-foreign-bodies-about-36-cases
#4
Seydou Togo, Moussa Abdoulaye Ouattara, Xing Li, Shang Wen Yang, Sékou Koumaré
Esophageal foreign bodies are a frequent reason for consultation in the Pediatric Emergency Department. However, they can occur at all ages. This study aims to highlight the clinical, paraclinical and therapeutic features of esophageal foreign bodies management at the Hospital in Mali. We conducted a prospective study of all cases of ingestion of foreign bodies between January 2011 and December 2014. A total of 36 patients underwent endoscopic or surgical treatment. The average age was 6 years (with a range from 14 months to 62 years)...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904659/-pulmonary-embolism-at-the-university-hospital-campus-of-lome-togo-a-retrospective-study-about-51-cases
#5
Soulemane Pessinaba, Yaovi Dodzi Molba Atti, Soodougoua Baragou, Machihude Pio, Yaovi Afassinou, Mohamed Kpélafia, Edem Goeh-Akué, Findibé Damorou
INTRODUCTION: This study provides an analysis of the evolutionary, clinical and epidemiological aspects of pulmonary embolism at the University Hospital Campus of Lome. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, analytic and descriptive study over a period of 39 months (November 1 , 2011- January 31, 2015). All the medical records of patients hospitalized for PE in the Department of Cardiology at the University Hospital Campus were analyzed. RESULTS: The prevalence of PE was 3...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900738/novel-temporary-left-ventricular-assist-system-with-hydrodynamically-levitated-bearing-pump-for-bridge-to-decision-initial-preclinical-assessment-in-a-goat-model
#6
Satoru Kishimoto, Yoshiaki Takewa, Tomonori Tsukiya, Toshihide Mizuno, Kazuma Date, Hirohito Sumikura, Yutaka Fujii, Kentaro Ohnuma, Konomi Togo, Nobumasa Katagiri, Noritsugu Naito, Yuichiro Kishimoto, Yoshinobu Nakamura, Motonobu Nishimura, Eisuke Tatsumi
The management of heart failure patients presenting in a moribund state remains challenging, despite significant advances in the field of ventricular assist systems. Bridge to decision involves using temporary devices to stabilize the hemodynamic state of such patients while further assessment is performed and a decision can be made regarding patient management. We developed a new temporary left ventricular assist system employing a disposable centrifugal pump with a hydrodynamically levitated bearing. We used three adult goats (body weight, 58-68 kg) to investigate the 30-day performance and hemocompatibility of the newly developed left ventricular assist system, which included the pump, inflow and outflow cannulas, the extracorporeal circuit, and connectors...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Artificial Organs: the Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887701/morphological-and-molecular-identification-of-rhipicephalus-boophilus-microplus-in-nigeria-west-africa-a-threat-to-livestock-health
#7
J Kamani, D A Apanaskevich, R Gutiérrez, Y Nachum-Biala, G Baneth, S Harrus
The cattle tick Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus was first reported in West Africa in Ivory Coast, in 2007. Since then it has made an aggressive eastward advancement having been reported in four other West African countries: Mali, Burkina Faso, Togo and Benin. We herein report the first molecular identification of this tick species in Nigeria, West Africa, and highlight the threat it poses to livestock health. A nation-wide tick survey was conducted in 12 out of 36 states across the various agro ecological zones of Nigeria over a 1 year period (April 2014-March 2015)...
September 8, 2017: Experimental & Applied Acarology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885627/ecological-and-genomic-profiling-of-anaerobic-methane-oxidizing-archaea-in-a-deep-granitic-environment
#8
Kohei Ino, Alex W Hernsdorf, Uta Konno, Mariko Kouduka, Katsunori Yanagawa, Shingo Kato, Michinari Sunamura, Akinari Hirota, Yoko S Togo, Kazumasa Ito, Akari Fukuda, Teruki Iwatsuki, Takashi Mizuno, Daisuke D Komatsu, Urumu Tsunogai, Toyoho Ishimura, Yuki Amano, Brian C Thomas, Jillian F Banfield, Yohey Suzuki
Recent single-gene-based surveys of deep continental aquifers demonstrated the widespread occurrence of archaea related to Candidatus Methanoperedens nitroreducens (ANME-2d) known to mediate anaerobic oxidation of methane (AOM). However, it is unclear whether ANME-2d mediates AOM in the deep continental biosphere. In this study, we found the dominance of ANME-2d in groundwater enriched in sulfate and methane from a 300-m deep underground borehole in granitic rock. A near-complete genome of one representative species of the ANME-2d obtained from the underground borehole has most of functional genes required for AOM and assimilatory sulfate reduction...
September 8, 2017: ISME Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863472/a-case-of-human-lassa-virus-infection-with-robust-acute-t-cell-activation-and-long-term-virus-specific-t-cell-responses
#9
Anita K McElroy, Rama S Akondy, Jessica R Harmon, Ali H Ellebedy, Deborah Cannon, John D Klena, John Sidney, Alessandro Sette, Aneesh K Mehta, Colleen S Kraft, Marshall G Lyon, Jay B Varkey, Bruce S Ribner, Stuart T Nichol, Christina F Spiropoulou
A nurse who acquired Lassa virus infection in Togo in the spring of 2016 was repatriated to the United States for care at Emory University Hospital. Serial sampling from this patient permitted the characterization of several aspects of the innate and cellular immune responses to Lassa virus. Although most of the immune responses correlated with the kinetics of viremia resolution, the CD8 T-cell response was of surprisingly high magnitude and prolonged duration, implying prolonged presentation of viral antigens...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854047/politics-and-palliative-care-togo
#10
Dion Smyth
Dion Smyth's review of palliative nursing on the internet.
August 2, 2017: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820371/serologic-evidence-for-influenza-c-and-d-virus-among-ruminants-and-camelids-africa-1991-2015
#11
Elias Salem, Elizabeth A J Cook, Hicham Ait Lbacha, Justine Oliva, Félix Awoume, Gilbert L Aplogan, Emmanuel Couacy Hymann, Dishon Muloi, Sharon L Deem, Said Alali, Zaid Zouagui, Eric M Fèvre, Gilles Meyer, Mariette F Ducatez
Influenza D virus has been identified in America, Europe, and Asia. We detected influenza D virus antibodies in cattle and small ruminants from North (Morocco) and West (Togo and Benin) Africa. Dromedary camels in Kenya harbored influenza C or D virus antibodies, indicating a potential new host for these viruses.
September 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813542/the-african-cholera-surveillance-network-africhol-consortium-meeting-10-11-june-2015-lom%C3%A3-togo
#12
Aline Munier, Berthe-Marie Njanpop-Lafourcade, Delphine Sauvageot, Raymond B Mhlanga, Léonard Heyerdahl, Johara Nadri, Richard Wood, Issaka Ouedraogo, Alexandre Blake, Laurent Akilimali Mukelenge, Jean-Claude B Anné, Abiba Banla Kere, Lucienne Dempouo, Sakoba Keita, José P M Langa, Issa Makumbi, Elibariki R Mwakapeje, Ian J Njeru, Olubunmi E Ojo, Isaac Phiri, Lorenzo Pezzoli, Bradford D Gessner, Martin Mengel
The fifth annual meeting of the African cholera surveillance network (Africhol) took place on 10-11 June 2015 in Lomé, Togo. Together with international partners, representatives from the 11 member countries -Cameroon, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of Congo, Guinea, Kenya, Mozambique, Nigeria, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zimbabwe- and an invited country (Malawi) shared their experience. The meeting featured three sessions: i) cholera surveillance, prevention and control in participating countries, ii) cholera surveillance methodology, such as cholera mapping, cost-effectiveness studies and the issue of overlapping epidemics from different diseases, iii) cholera laboratory diagnostics tools and capacity building...
2017: BMC Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804654/histoplasmosis-by-histoplasma-capsulatum-var-duboisii-observed-at-the-laboratory-of-pathological-anatomy-of-lom%C3%A3-in-togo
#13
Tchin Darré, Bayaki Saka, Abas Mouhari-Touré, Améyo Monique Dorkenoo, Koffi Amégbor, Vincent Palokinam Pitche, Gado Napo-Koura
Our study aimed to describe the epidemiological, clinical, and diagnostic aspects of African histoplasmosis in Togo through a descriptive and cross-sectional study on histological diagnosed African histoplasmosis in Pathology Department of Lomé from 2002 to 2016 (15 years). A total of 17 cases of African histoplasmosis were diagnosed. The sex ratio (M/F) was 1.8. The annual incidence was 1.1 cases. The mean age of the patients was 27.2 ± 0.4 years. All our patients were of social categories with a low socioeconomic level...
2017: Journal of Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802687/-oct-topographic-characteristics-of-the-optic-nerve-in-patients-clinically-suspected-to-have-large-optic-disc-cupping-in-togo
#14
N Maneh, K D Ayena, K Vonor, K B Nonon Saa, K M Amedome, K B Dzidzinyo, C B Ikessieba, K R Kuaovi, M Banla, K P Balo
PURPOSE: To describe topographic characteristics of optic discs clinically suspected of large cupping. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is retrospective study conducted from the January 2 to December 31 on the OCT registry and data base of a private ophthalmologic center in Lomé (Togo). We included records of patients with large cupping - CDR (cup-to-disc ratio) ≥ 0.4 -clinically observed and having undergone OCT-optic disc analysis. RESULTS: Three hundred and thirty-five patients (619 eyes) were studied, with a mean age of 41...
September 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761614/-impact-of-controlled-temperature-chain-ctc-approach-on-immunization-coverage-achieved-during-the-preventive-vaccination-campaign-against-meningitis-a-using-menafrivac-in-togo-in-2014
#15
Dadja Essoya Landoh, Anna-Léa Kahn, Anani Lacle, Kodjovi Adjeoda, Bayaki Saka, Issifou Yaya, Danladi Ibrahim Nassoury, Assima Kalao, Makawa-Sy Makawa, Nsiari-Mueyi Joseph Biey, Andre Bita, Yaovi Temfa Toke, Petit Dörte, Lucile Imboua, Olivier Ronveaux
METHOD: We conducted a survey from 9 to 14 March 2015 (for approximately 3 months) after the end of the vaccination campaign in these four regions. Interviewees were selected using two stages cluster sampling stratified according to the regions. MenAfriVac vaccine in Controlled Temperature Chain (CTC) was used in 10 districts, in Togo. RESULTS: A total of 2707 households were surveyed and 9082 people aged 1-29 years were interviewed. The average age of the individuals surveyed was 11...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746856/biphasic-effect-of-profilin-impacts-the-formin-mdia1-force-sensing-mechanism-in-actin-polymerization
#16
Hiroaki Kubota, Makito Miyazaki, Taisaku Ogawa, Togo Shimozawa, Kazuhiko Kinosita, Shin'ichi Ishiwata
Formins are force-sensing proteins that regulate actin polymerization dynamics. Here, we applied stretching tension to individual actin filaments under the regulation of formin mDia1 to investigate the mechanical responses in actin polymerization dynamics. We found that the elongation of an actin filament was accelerated to a greater degree by stretching tension for ADP-G-actin than that for ATP-G-actin. An apparent decrease in the critical concentration of G-actin was observed, especially in ADP-G-actin. These results on two types of G-actin were reproduced by a simple kinetic model, assuming the rapid equilibrium between pre- and posttranslocated states of the formin homology domain two dimer...
July 25, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738081/comparative-molecular-analyses-of-invasive-fall-armyworm-in-togo-reveal-strong-similarities-to-populations-from-the-eastern-united-states-and-the-greater-antilles
#17
Rodney N Nagoshi, Djima Koffi, Komi Agboka, Kodjo Agbeko Tounou, Rahul Banerjee, Juan Luis Jurat-Fuentes, Robert L Meagher
The fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda, J.E. Smith) is a noctuid moth that is a major and ubiquitous agricultural pest in the Western Hemisphere. Infestations have recently been identified in several locations in Africa, indicating its establishment in the Eastern Hemisphere where it poses an immediate and significant economic threat. Genetic methods were used to characterize noctuid specimens infesting multiple cornfields in the African nation of Togo that were tentatively identified as fall armyworm by morphological criteria...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718287/preparation-of-3-iodoquinolines-from-n-tosyl-2-propynylamines-with-diaryliodonium-triflate-and-n-iodosuccinimide
#18
Teppei Sasaki, Katsuhiko Moriyama, Hideo Togo
4-Aryl- and 4-alkyl substituted 3-iodoquinolines could be smoothly obtained in one pot by treating N-tosyl-2-propynylamines with diaryliodonium triflate in the presence of K3PO4 and a catalytic amount of CuCl at room temperature, followed by treatment with N-iodosuccinimide and BF3•OEt2 at 0 °C, and then NaOH in methanol solution. The product, 3-iodo-4-phenylquinoline was smoothly transformed into 4-phenylquinoline with zinc; 4-phenyl-3-toluenesulfenylquinoline with toluenethiol, K2CO3, and CuI; 4-phenyl-3-phenylethynylquinoline with the Sonogashira coupling reaction; 4-phenyl-3-styrylquinoline with the Heck coupling reaction; 3,4-diphenylquinoline with the Suzuki-Miyaura coupling reaction; 2-cyclohexyl-3-iodo-4-phenylquinoline with cyclohexanecarboxylic acid, Ag2CO3, and K2S2O8; and 3-iodo-2-(2',5'-dioxan-1'-yl)-4-phenylquinoline with benzoyl peroxide in 1,4-dioxane...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717698/neuroblastoma-in-africa-a-survey-by-the-franco-african-pediatric-oncology-group
#19
Fousseyni Traoré, Francis Eshun, Boubacar Togo, Jean Jacques Atteby Yao, Mbuli Robert Lukamba
PURPOSE: Neuroblastoma is a sympathoadrenal lineage neural crest-derived tumor. It is the third most common childhood malignancy in the Western world. Studies from the United States show that black patients with neuroblastoma have a greater proportion of high-risk neuroblastoma with poorer prognosis compared with white patients. In Africa, there are few published data on the epidemiology and management of neuroblastoma. The primary aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic and therapeutic resources available for the management of neuroblastoma within the Franco-African Pediatric Oncology Group (GFAOP)...
August 2016: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713359/exploring-the-diversity-of-field-strains-of-brucella-abortus-biovar-3-isolated-in-west-africa
#20
Moussa Sanogo, David Fretin, Eric Thys, Claude Saegerman
Brucellosis is one of the most widespread bacterial zoonotic diseases in the world, affecting both humans and domestic and wild animals. Identification and biotyping of field strains of Brucella are of key importance for a better knowledge of the epidemiology of brucellosis, for identifying appropriate antigens, for managing disease outbreaks and for setting up efficient preventive and control programmes. Such data are required both at national and regional level to assess potential threats for public health...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
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