keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Togo

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301539/identifying-inequities-in-maternal-and-child-health-through-risk-stratification-to-inform-health-systems-strengthening-in-northern-togo
#1
Katharine J McCarthy, Sandra Braganza, Kevin Fiori, Christophe Gbeleou, Vivien Kpakpo, Andrew Lopez, Jennifer Schechter, Alicia Singham Goodwin, Heidi E Jones
OBJECTIVE: In Togo, substantial progress in maternal and child health is needed to reach global development goals. To better inform clinic and community-based health services, this study identifies factors associated with maternal and child health care utilization in the Kara region of Northern Togo. METHODS: We conducted a population-representative household survey of four health clinic catchment areas of 1,075 women of reproductive age in 2015. Multivariable logistic regression was used to model individual and structural factors associated with utilization of four maternal and child health services...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288771/cattle-breeding-trypanosomosis-prevalence-and-drug-resistance-in-northern-togo
#2
E Tchamdja, A E Kulo, H S Vitouley, K Batawui, A A Bankolé, K Adomefa, G Cecchi, A Hoppenheit, P H Clausen, R De Deken, J Van Den Abbeele, T Marcotty, V Delespaux
African Animal Trypanosomosis (AAT) is a major disease of cattle in Togo and its control is essentially based on chemotherapy. However, because of excessive use of trypanocides during the past decades, chemo-resistance in the parasites has developed. In order to assess the current situation of AAT and resistance to trypanocidal drugs in Northern Togo, a study was conducted on cattle from December 2012 to August 2013 in the regions of Kara and Savanes. An initial cross-sectional survey was carried out in 40 villages using the Haematocrit Centrifugation Technique (HCT)...
March 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284212/combination-of-glycopyrronium-and-indacaterol-inhibits-carbachol-induced-erk5-signal-in-fibrotic-processes
#3
Yukiko Namba, Shinsaku Togo, Miniwan Tulafu, Kotaro Kadoya, Kumi Yoneda Nagahama, Hikari Taka, Naoko Kaga, Akira Orimo, Xiangde Liu, Kazuhisa Takahashi
BACKGROUND: Airway fibrosis is one of the pathological features of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and recent studies revealed that acetylcholine plays an important role in the development of airway remodeling by stimulating proliferation and collagen synthesis of lung fibroblasts. This study was designed to examine the effects of a long-acting muscarinic receptor antagonist (LAMA) glycopyrronium and a long-acting β2 adrenergic receptor agonist (LABA) indacaterol on acetylcholine-mediated fibrotic responses in lung fibroblasts...
March 11, 2017: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283710/clinical-and-urodynamic-assessment-in-patients-with-pelvic-organ-prolapse-before-and-after-laparoscopic-sacrocolpopexy
#4
Bahiyah Abdullah, Jimmy Nomura, Shingo Moriyama, Tingwen Huang, Shino Tokiwa, Mio Togo
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that patient-reported urinary symptoms and urodynamic evaluation improve after laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy (LSC) despite deeper vesicovaginal space dissection. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of women with pelvic organ prolapse who underwent LSC from January 2013 to January 2016 in a tertiary center. Urinary function was clinically evaluated using the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire - Short Form (ICIQ-SF), the Overactive Bladder Symptom Score (OABSS) and the Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory Questionnaire- - Short Form 20 (PFDI-20)...
March 10, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277271/change-over-time-in-parents-beliefs-about-and-reported-use-of-corporal-punishment-in-eight-countries-with-and-without-legal-bans
#5
Jennifer E Lansford, Claudia Cappa, Diane L Putnick, Marc H Bornstein, Kirby Deater-Deckard, Robert H Bradley
Stopping violence against children is prioritized in goal 16 of the Sustainable Development Goals adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 2015. All forms of child corporal punishment have been outlawed in 50 countries as of October 2016. Using data from 56,371 caregivers in eight countries that participated in UNICEF's Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey, we examined change from Time 1 (2005-6) to Time 2 (2008-13) in national rates of corporal punishment of 2- to 14-year-old children and in caregivers' beliefs regarding the necessity of using corporal punishment...
October 27, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268157/orbicularis-oculi-muscle-tightening-for-involutional-entropion
#6
Hitoshi Nemoto, Tomoichiro Togo, Naoki Maruyama, Kenta Miyabe, Seiko Nakae, Noriyoshi Sumiya
AIMS: To describe a novel technique for involutional entropion (IE) correction and present a retrospective case study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The entropion eyelid was corrected by repairing the thin preseptal orbicularis oculi muscle (OOM) of the lower eyelid. Patients underwent correction with this method from 2005 to 2014 and were followed up for 2 years postoperatively. They were evaluated retrospectively with chart review (operation time, recurrence rate, operator years of experience as a plastic surgeon, etc...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264832/retrospective-review-of-surgical-availability-and-readiness-in-8-african-countries
#7
D A Spiegel, B Droti, P Relan, S Hobson, M N Cherian, K O'Neill
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess surgical availability and readiness in 8 African countries using the WHO's Service Availability and Readiness Assessment (SARA) tool. SETTING: We analysed data for surgical services, including basic and comprehensive surgery, comprehensive obstetric care, blood transfusion, and infection prevention, obtained from the WHO's SARA surveys in Sierra Leone, Uganda, Mauritania, Benin, Zambia, Burkina Faso, Democratic Republic of Congo and Togo...
March 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222772/prevalence-of-syphilis-among-female-sex-workers-and-their-clients-in-togo-in-2011
#8
Wemboo Afiwa Halatoko, Dadja Essoya Landoh, Bayaki Saka, Koffi Akolly, Yao Layibo, Issifou Yaya, Dodji Gbetoglo, Abiba Kere Banla, Palokinam Pitché
BACKGROUND: During the last ten years, a resurgence of syphilis has occurred in many countries worldwide, including Togo. Previous studies have shown a wide range of syphilis infection among the female sex workers (FSWs), from 1.5 to 42.1%. In Togo, Key populations, including FSWs, are rarely involved in the sentinel surveillance programs to determine the prevalence of HIV and syphilis. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of syphilis among female sex workers (FSWs) and their clients in Togo...
February 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217435/a-rare-fungal-infection-phaehyphomycosis-due-to-veronaea-botryosa-and-review-of-literature
#9
Anne Welfringer, Valérie Vuong, Nicolas Argy, Christian Chochillon, Lydia Deschamps, Guillaume Rollin, Stanislas Harent, Véronique Joly, William Vindrios, Vincent Descamps
We report a rare case of phaehyphomycosis in a 71-year-old heart transplant recipient Togo native patient. Four months after the transplant, he presented painless nodules on the right heel with superficial ulceration. The polyphasic identification uncovered a rare cause of phaehyphomycose: V. botryosa. The treatment combined surgical excision of the lesions and anti-fungal therapy with posaconazole. We discussed eleven reported cases in literature since 1990.
March 2017: Medical Mycology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217218/high-prevalence-of-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-in-the-age-range-of-20-39-years-old-individuals-in-lome
#10
Malewe Kolou, Gnatoulma Katawa, Mounerou Salou, Komlan Selom Gozo-Akakpo, Sika Dossim, Alexander Kwarteng, Mireille Prince-David
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B is a liver infection caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). It affects all women and men irrespective of age. Although sub-Saharan Africa is an area of high prevalence of this disease, data on the prevalence of acute and chronic HBV infections in this region remain to be widely documented. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of HBV in relation to age in Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Campus (CHU-C), one of the two teaching hospitals of Lome, Togo...
2017: Open Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217106/effect-of-noisy-galvanic-vestibular-stimulation-on-ocular-vestibular-evoked-myogenic-potentials-to-bone-conducted-vibration
#11
Shinichi Iwasaki, Shotaro Karino, Teru Kamogashira, Fumiharu Togo, Chisato Fujimoto, Yoshiharu Yamamoto, Tatsuya Yamasoba
OBJECTIVE: Galvanic vestibular stimulation (GVS) delivered as zero-mean current noise (noisy GVS) has been shown to improve static and dynamic postural stability probably by enhancing vestibular information. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of an imperceptible level noisy GVS on ocular vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials (oVEMPs) in response to bone-conducted vibration (BCV). MATERIALS AND METHODS: oVEMPs to BCV were measured during the application of white noise GVS with an amplitude ranging from 0 to 300 µA [in root mean square (RMS)] in 20 healthy subjects...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187629/review-of-the-genus-i-lanchnophorus-i-hemiptera-heteroptera-rhyparochromidae-with-description-of-three-new-species-and-other-nomenclatural-changes
#12
Petr Kment, Attilio Carapezza, Zdeněk Jindra, Előd Kondorosy
The generic name Lanchnophorus Reuter, 1887, deemed for a long time to be unavailable as incorrect original spelling of Lachnophorus (in fact Lachnophorus Distant, 1903 is an unjustified emendation of the former), is restored as a valid name of the genus. Lachnesthus Bergroth, 1915, syn. nov. (new name for the preoccupied Lachnophorus Distant, 1903) is considered junior synonym of Lanchnophorus. The following nomenclatural changes are proposed: Lanchnophorus flavus (Scudder, 1971) comb. nov. = Lachnesthus chinai Scudder, nomen nudum; Lanchnophorus guttulatus Reuter, 1887, comb...
January 25, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153828/clinical-benefit-of-1-year-certolizumab-pegol-czp-add-on-therapy-to-methotrexate-treatment-in-patients-with-early-rheumatoid-arthritis-was-observed-following-czp-discontinuation-2-year-results-of-the-c-opera-study-a-phase-iii-randomised-trial
#13
Tatsuya Atsumi, Yoshiya Tanaka, Kazuhiko Yamamoto, Tsutomu Takeuchi, Hisashi Yamanaka, Naoki Ishiguro, Katsumi Eguchi, Akira Watanabe, Hideki Origasa, Shinsuke Yasuda, Yuji Yamanishi, Yasuhiko Kita, Tsukasa Matsubara, Masahiro Iwamoto, Toshiharu Shoji, Osamu Togo, Toshiyuki Okada, Désirée van der Heijde, Nobuyuki Miyasaka, Takao Koike
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the clinical impact of 1-year certolizumab pegol (CZP) therapy added to the first year of 2-year methotrexate (MTX) therapy, compared with 2-year therapy with MTX alone. METHODS: MTX-naïve patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with poor prognostic factors were eligible to enter Certolizumab-Optimal Prevention of joint damage for Early RA (C-OPERA), a multicentre, randomised, controlled study, which consisted of a 52-week double-blind (DB) period and subsequent 52-week post treatment (PT) period...
February 2, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132516/using-a-social-ecological-framework-to-characterize-the-correlates-of-hiv-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-lom%C3%A3-togo
#14
Horacio Ruiseñor-Escudero, Ashley Grosso, Sosthenes Ketende, Vincent Pitche, Anato Simplice, Jules Tchalla, Dometo Sodji, Ben Liestman, Laurent Kapesa, Stefan Baral
In the mixed and concentrated HIV epidemics of West Africa, the relative disproportionate burden of HIV among men who have sex with men (MSM) compared to other reproductive-age men is higher than that observed in Southern and Eastern Africa. Our aim is to describe the correlates of HIV infection among MSM living in Lomé, Togo, using the Modified Social Ecological Model (MSEM). A total of 354 MSM ≥18 years of age were recruited using respondent driven sampling (RDS) for a cross-sectional survey in Lomé, Togo...
January 29, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126042/fournierella-massiliensis-gen-nov-sp-nov-a-new-human-associated-member-of-the-family-ruminococcaceae
#15
Amadou Hamidou Togo, Guillaume Durand, Saber Khelaifia, Nicholas Armstrong, Catherine Robert, Frederic Cadoret, Fabrizio DI Pinto, Jeremy Delerce, Anthony Levasseur, Didier Raoult, Matthieu Million
An anaerobic bacterium, strain AT2T, was isolated from the fresh stool sample of a healthy French man using the culturomics approach. The 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that strain AT2T had a 95.2% nucleotide sequence similarity with Gemmiger formicilis strain ATCC27749T, the phylogenetically closest species with standing in nomenclature. Cells are Gram-staining, catalase and oxidase negative; obligate anaerobic, non-motile, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped, and the bacilli were mesothermophilic. The major fatty acids were C16:0 (43...
January 26, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123223/using-population-size-estimation-and-cross-sectional-survey-methods-to-evaluate-hiv-service-coverage-among-key-populations-in-burkina-faso-and-togo
#16
Claire E Holland, Seni Kouanda, Marcel Lougué, Vincent Palokinam Pitche, Sheree Schwartz, Simplice Anato, Henri Gautier Ouedraogo, Jules Tchalla, Clarence S Yah, Laurent Kapesa, Sosthenes Ketende, Chris Beyrer, Stefan Baral
OBJECTIVES: The objective of our study was to measure progress toward the UNAIDS 90-90-90 HIV care targets among key populations in urban areas of 2 countries in West Africa: Burkina Faso and Togo. METHODS: We recruited female sex workers (FSWs) and men who have sex with men (MSM) through respondent-driven sampling. From January to July 2013, 2738 participants were enrolled, tested for HIV, and completed interviewer-administered surveys. We used population-size estimation methods to calculate the number of people who were engaged in the HIV continuum of care...
November 2016: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114427/burden-of-pneumococcal-disease-in-northern-togo-before-the-introduction-of-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine
#17
Jennifer C Moïsi, Makawa-Sy Makawa, Haoua Tall, Kodjo Agbenoko, Berthe-Marie Njanpop-Lafourcade, Stanislas Tamekloe, Moussa Amidou, Judith E Mueller, Bradford D Gessner
BACKGROUND: S. pneumoniae is a leading cause of meningitis morbidity and mortality in the African meningitis belt, but little is known of its contribution to the burden of pneumonia in the region. We aimed to estimate the incidence of pneumococcal disease in children and adults in northern Togo, before the introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV). METHODS AND FINDINGS: From May 1st 2010 to April 30th 2013, we systematically enrolled all hospitalized patients meeting a case definition of suspected meningitis or clinical pneumonia, residing in Tone or Cinkasse districts, northern Togo and providing informed consent...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110049/performance-of-microscopic-observation-drug-susceptibility-for-the-rapid-diagnosis-of-tuberculosis-and-detection-of-drug-resistance-in-bamako-mali
#18
M Sanogo, B Kone, B Diarra, M Maiga, B Baya, A M Somboro, Y S Sarro, A C G Togo, B P P Dembele, D Goita, A Kone, O M'Baye, N Coulibaly, S Diabate, B Traore, M H Diallo, Y I Coulibaly, P Saleeb, M Belson, S Orsega, S Siddiqui, M A Polis, S Dao, R L Murphy, S Diallo
OBJECTIVES: In Mali early detection and treatment of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) are still challenging due to the cost, time and/or complexity associated with regular tests. Microscopic Observation Drug Susceptibility (MODS) is a low-cost assay validated by WHO in 2010. It is a liquid-culture-based assay to detect the 'cording' characteristic of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex and to assess susceptibility to both isoniazid and rifampicin defining multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB)...
January 18, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107042/association-between-depressive-symptoms-and-morningness-eveningness-sleep-duration-and-rotating-shift-work-in-japanese-nurses
#19
Fumiharu Togo, Takahiro Yoshizaki, Taiki Komatsu
Higher depressive symptoms have been reported in rotating shift workers compared with day workers. Depressive symptoms in adults who do not engage in night work have also been shown to be associated with chronotype and sleep duration. This study examines associations between depressive symptoms, morningness-eveningness (i.e. the degree to which people prefer to be active in the morning or the evening), sleep duration and rotating shift work. Japanese nurses (1252 day workers and 1780 rotating shift workers, aged 20-59) were studied using a self-administered questionnaire...
2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073720/children-healh-care-and-pediatrics-in-west-africa-enspedia-research-action-project-to-help-improve-the-quality-of-care-in-pediatrics-departments-in-west-africa-benin-burkina-faso-guinea-mali-mauritania-niger-senegal-and-togo
#20
keyword
keyword
29826
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"