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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332619/clinical-characteristics-of-non-tuberculous-mycobacterial-pulmonary-infections-in-bamako-mali
#1
B Kone, Y S Sarro, M Maiga, M Sanogo, A M Somboro, B Diarra, A C G Togo, N Coulibaly, B P P Dembele, D Goita, B Baya, A Kone, S Diabaté, M A Polis, M Belson, S Dao, S Orsega, C J Achenbach, R L Murphy, S Diallo, S Siddiqui
The global spread of non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) may be due to HIV/AIDS and other environmental factors. The symptoms of NTM and tuberculosis (TB) disease are indistinguishable, but their treatments are different. Lack of research on the epidemiology of NTM infections has led to underestimation of its prevalence within TB endemic countries. This study was designed to determine the prevalence and clinical characteristics of pulmonary NTM in Bamako. A cross-sectional study which include 439 suspected cases of pulmonary TB...
January 15, 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321940/-lactomassilus-timonensis-a-new-anaerobic-bacterial-species-isolated-from-the-milk-of-a-healthy-african-mother
#2
A H Togo, A Camara, S Konaté, O K Doumbo, D Raoult, M Million
We here report the main characteristics of a new anaerobic bacterial genus and species 'Lactomassilus timonensis,' strain Marseille-P4641T (CSUR = P4641), isolated by microbial culturomics from the milk of a 35-year-old healthy lactating mother from Mali.
January 2018: New Microbes and New Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313514/upper-gastrointestinal-tract-endoscopic-lesions-in-a-rural-african-hospitalo-252%C3%A2-endoscopies-at-the-kara-university-hospital-togo
#3
O Bouglouga, A Bagny, L M Lawson-Ananissoh, K Amanga, R El-Hadj Yakoubou, L Kaaga, M Djibril, D Redah
To analyze the indications for upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (UGIE) and determine the frequency of the pathological findings observed in rural areas of Africa. This retrospective study includes 9 series of 5-day visits to perform these examinations. Patients were informed of the presence of the endoscopy team by a bulletin on a rural radio station and by general practitioners at the Kara University Hospital. Patients were recruited from the hospital clinics and from the general population of the Kara region...
November 1, 2017: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300497/association-of-habitual-dietary-intake-with-morningness-eveningness-and-rotating-shift-work-in-japanese-female-nurses
#4
Takahiro Yoshizaki, Taiki Komatsu, Yuki Tada, Azumi Hida, Yukari Kawano, Fumiharu Togo
Rotating shift workers are associated with imbalanced dietary intakes. Rotating shift workers and dietary intakes in adults who do not engage in night work have also been shown to be associated with chronotype. However, no studies have examined associations between morningness-eveningness (i.e., the degree to which people prefer to be active in the morning or the evening), rotating shift work and dietary intakes. Therefore, our first purpose was to elucidate the association between morningness-eveningness and habitual food group intakes in rotating shift workers...
January 4, 2018: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286611/descriptive-epidemiology-of-cancers-in-togo-from-2009-to-2016
#5
Tchin Darre, Tchilabalo M Kpatcha, Aklesso Bagny, Nidain Maneh, Faré Gnandi-Piou, Boyodi Tchangai, Sassil Daré, Solange Adani-Ifé, Atchi Walla, Koffi Amégbor, Gado Napo-Koura
Background: Cancer is a global public health problem. According to World Report on Cancer in 2000, developing countries are becoming increasingly affected. Methods: This retrospective and descriptive 8-year study of all histological confirmed cancers was conducted using data from the anatomical pathology laboratory registry of Togo’s only laboratory. The parameters were frequency, site and histological type as well as age and gender. Results: We found 1,738 cancers in patients aged from 4 months to 109 years (mean, 50...
December 29, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285387/breast-cancer-cases-of-female-patients-under-35-years-of-age-in-togo-a-series-of-158-cases
#6
Tchin Darré, Mazamaesso Tchaou, Koué Folligan, Abdoulatif Amadou, Bidamin N'Timon, Lantam Sonhaye, Abdoul-Samadou Aboubakari, Koffi Amégbor, Koffi Akpadza, Gado Napo Koura
Breast cancer in young female patients represents a public health problem in developing countries. The objectives of the study were to study the epidemiological and histological characteristics of breast cancer in female patients under 35 years of age. This was a retrospective analytical study of a series of 158 cases of breast cancer in female patients under 35 years of age, conducted at the University Teaching Hospital of Lomé between 2000 and 2015. A total of 158 cases were collected, representing 36.2% (436) of all breast cancer cases...
December 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274602/micro-raman-imaging-on-4h-sic-in-contact-with-the-electrode-at-room-temperature
#7
Jun Suda, Satoshi Suwa, Shugo Mizuno, Kouki Togo, Yuya Mastuo
Raman images (30μm×30μm×180μm) of a bulk 4H-SiC wafer in contact with a Ni/Au electrode film in 100nm/200nm thick were measured with Micro-Raman spectroscopy at room temperature. As the imaging area approached the interface between the SiC and electrode, the center frequency of the E2(TO) mode (778cm-1) immediately declined; in the Raman imaging, relative distribution of compressive residual stress around residual tensile stress, and linewidth were broadened due to crystal distortion. For LOPC (LO-phonon-plasmon-coupled) mode (970cm-1), center frequency showed variation right next to the interface, while linewidth decreased slowly as the imaging area approached the interface...
December 6, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262373/two-distinct-fluorescence-states-of-the-ligand-induced-green-fluorescent-protein-unag
#8
Yoh Shitashima, Togo Shimozawa, Akiko Kumagai, Atsushi Miyawaki, Toru Asahi
UnaG is a recently discovered ligand-induced fluorescent protein that utilizes bound bilirubin (BR) as its fluorophore. The fluorescence of the UnaG-BR complex (holoUnaG) compares in quantum efficiency to that of enhanced green fluorescent protein, but it is superior in that the fluorophore formation is instantaneous and not dependent on oxygen; hence, much attention has been paid to UnaG as a new fluorescent probe. However, many important molecular properties of fluorescent probes remain unknown, such as the association/dissociation rates of BR, which determine the stability thereof, and the dispersibility of UnaG in aqueous solutions, which influence the functions of labeled proteins...
December 19, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259625/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-self-medication-in-dermatology-in-togo
#9
Koussake Kombaté, Julienne Noude Técléssou, Bayaki Saka, Abla Sefako Akakpo, Koudjouka Odette Tchangai, Abas Mouhari-Toure, Garba Mahamadou, Waguena Gnassingbé, Aurel Abilogun-Chokki, Palokinam Pitché
Objective: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of and factors associated with self-medication in dermatology in Lomé, Togo. Methods: We conducted an analytical cross-sectional study from February to April 2016 in 2 dermatology departments in Lomé. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were carried out to identify possible factors associated with self-medication. Results: A total of 711 patients were included in the study...
2017: Dermatology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259259/cell-softening-in-malignant-progression-of-human-lung-cancer-cells-by-activation-of-receptor-tyrosine-kinase-axl
#10
Keisuke Iida, Ryo Sakai, Shota Yokoyama, Naritaka Kobayashi, Shodai Togo, Hiroshi Y Yoshikawa, Anchalee Rawangkan, Kozue Namiki, Masami Suganuma
To study the role of cell softening in malignant progression, Transwell assay and atomic force microscope were used to classify six human non-small cell lung cancer cell lines into two groups: a high motility-low stiffness (HMLS) group and a low motility-high stiffness (LMHS) group. We found a significant role of activity of the AXL receptor tyrosine kinase, which belongs to the TAM (Tyro3, AXL, Mer) family, in the stimulation of motility and cell softening. HMLS cells expressed higher AXL levels than LMHS cells and contained phosphorylated AXL...
December 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249930/effects-of-field-map-distortion-correction-on-resting-state-functional-connectivity-mri
#11
Hiroki Togo, Jaroslav Rokicki, Kenji Yoshinaga, Tatsuhiro Hisatsune, Hiroshi Matsuda, Nobuhiko Haga, Takashi Hanakawa
Magnetic field inhomogeneities cause geometric distortions of echo planar images used for functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). To reduce this problem, distortion correction (DC) with field map is widely used for both task and resting-state fMRI (rs-fMRI). Although DC with field map has been reported to improve the quality of task fMRI, little is known about its effects on rs-fMRI. Here, we tested the influence of field-map DC on rs-fMRI results using two rs-fMRI datasets derived from 40 healthy subjects: one with DC (DC+) and the other without correction (DC-)...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245670/on-the-distribution-and-natural-history-of-a-rarely-encountered-species-i-goliathus-i-i-fornasinius-i-i-klingbeili-i-z%C3%A3-ller-fiebig-amp-schulze-1995-coleoptera-scarabaeidae-cetoniinae
#12
P O Maquart, P Malec
Mudge et al. (2012) surveyed the Cetoniinae (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) of Ghana and recorded Goliathus (Fornasinius) higginsi Westwood, 1874, but no other species from this subgenus. We add the rare species Goliathus (Fornasinius) klingbeili Zöller, Fiebig, & Schulze, 1995 as a new country record for Ghana from the dense forests of the Volta and Eastern Regions. The species was previously reported as very rare in Togo (Zöller et al. 1995) in the northern dry part of the Bafilo Region. We record that the larvae develop in hyrax (Dendrohyrax dorsalis (Fraser, 1855) (Mammalia: Procaviidae) middens and can be locally common in this microhabitat...
November 1, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232795/-clinical-study-of-testicular-fasciotomy-for-testicular-torsion
#13
Seiji Nagasawa, Akihiro Kanematsu, Yasuhiro Shinkai, Kimihiro Shimatani, Takahiko Hashimoto, Yoshikazu Togo, Toru Suzuki, Shuken Go, Michio Nojima, Shingo Yamamoto
Between November 2011 and November 2014, we performed a tunica albuginea incision with tunica vaginalis flap coverage (TAI+TVFC) on 5 out of 15 patients who underwent surgery for testicular torsion. Of those 15 patients, 7 underwent orchidopexy alone (Group A), 5 underwent TAI+TVFC (Group B), and 3 underwent an orchidectomy procedure (Group C). All were followed for 1 year and preservation of testicular volume >50% on the contralateral side in ultrasound measurements was considered as salvaged. During the follow-up examinations, no testicular atrophy was noted in Group A...
November 2017: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230265/-juvenile-myasthenia-gravis-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-case-study-of-two-consanguine-sisters-born-from-consanguinity-in-togo
#14
Nidain Maneh, Kossivi Apetse, Bénédicte Marèbe Diatewa, Sidik Abou-Bakr Domingo, Aidé Isabelle Agba, Koffi Didier Ayena, Koffi Agnon Balogou, Komi Patrice Balo
Myasthenia gravis is a rare acquired autoimmune pathology causing neuromuscular transmission impairment. Juvenile onset of myasthenia gravis is often characterized by ocular involvement. We report two cases of ocular juvenile myasthenia gravis (JMG) in two siblings. They were two young girls, XA and XB, aged 11 and 9 years, of Malian origin, residing in Togo, born from first-degree of consanguinity presenting to Ophthalmology due to progressive decrease in visual acuity. XA showed visual acuity 8/10 on both eyes while XB showed improvement in visual acuity from 3/10 to 7/10 using a pinhole occluder, suggesting ametropia...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226828/cancer-mortality-in-the-urological-department-of-the-sylvanus-olympio-teaching-hospital-in-lome-togo
#15
E V Sewa, K Tengue, M T Kpatcha, G Botcho, K H Sikpa, E Leloua, T Anoukoum, E D Dosseh
To determine the proportion of cancer mortality seen in the urology department of a teaching hospital in sub-Saharan Africa and to identify the contributing factors. This 10-year retrospective study took place in the urology department of the Sylvanus Olympio Teaching Hospital of Lomé (Togo) and analyzed the records of patients who died of cancer from January 2006 through December 2015. During the study period, 94 deaths were recorded in the department, 84% of them due to a urological cancer. The mean age of patients was 62 years,- and there was a significant male predominance with a sex ratio of 4...
December 11, 2017: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219086/measurement-and-analysis-of-inequality-of-opportunity-in-access-of-maternal-and-child-health-care-in-togo
#16
Yacobou Sanoussi
BACKGROUND: Access to maternal and child health care in low- and middle-income countries such as Togo is characterized by significant inequalities. Most studies in the Togolese context have examined the total inequality of health and the determinants of individuals' health. Few empirical studies in Togo have focused on inequalities of opportunity in maternal and child health. To fill this gap, we estimated changes in inequality of opportunity in access to maternal and child health services between 1998 and 2013 using data from Togo Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS)...
December 4, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219080/health-practitioners-emotional-reactions-to-caring-for-hospitalized-children-in-lom%C3%A3-togo-a-qualitative-study
#17
Bassantéa Lodegaèna Kpassagou, Kokou Messanh Agbémélé Soedje
BACKGROUND: Health practitioners frequently encounter dying, death and suffering. While providing health care can be stressful, the literature on how different health practitioners cope with the emotional challenges associated with their work is sparse. Further, much of this literature is based on studies conducted in high-income countries. In this study, we explored emotional distress and associated coping strategies among health practitioners working in a pediatric oncology department in a large teaching hospital in Lomé, Togo...
December 4, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202715/epidemiology-of-influenza-in-west-africa-after-the-2009-influenza-a-h1n1-pandemic-2010-2012
#18
Ndahwouh Talla Nzussouo, Jazmin Duque, Adebayo Abel Adedeji, Daouda Coulibaly, Samba Sow, Zekiba Tarnagda, Issaka Maman, Adamou Lagare, Sonia Makaya, Mohamed Brahim Elkory, Herve Kadjo Adje, Paul Alhassan Shilo, Boubou Tamboura, Assana Cisse, Kossi Badziklou, Halima Boubacar Maïnassara, Ahmed Ould Bara, Adama Mamby Keita, Thelma Williams, Ann Moen, Marc-Alain Widdowson, Meredith McMorrow
BACKGROUND: Over the last decade, capacity for influenza surveillance and research in West Africa has strengthened. Data from these surveillance systems showed influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 circulated in West Africa later than in other regions of the continent. METHODS: We contacted 11 West African countries to collect information about their influenza surveillance systems (number of sites, type of surveillance, sampling strategy, populations sampled, case definitions used, number of specimens collected and number of specimens positive for influenza viruses) for the time period January 2010 through December 2012...
December 4, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172731/a-verified-bite-by-heteroscodra-maculata-togo-starburst-or-ornamental-baboon-tarantula-resulting-in-long-lasting-muscle-cramps
#19
Joan Fuchs, Nadine C Martin, Christine Rauber-Lüthy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 24, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171452/the-most-frequent-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-complex-families-in-mali-2006-2016-based-on-spoligotyping
#20
Antieme Combo Georges Togo, Ousmane Kodio, Bassirou Diarra, Moumine Sanogo, Gagni Coulibaly, Sidy Bane, Fatimata Diallo, Anou M Somboro, Aissata B Cisse, Bocar Baya, Drissa Goita, Seydou Diabate, Bourahima Kone, Yeya Dit Sadio Sarro, Mamoudou Maiga, Yacouba Toloba, Michael Belson, Susan Orsega, Sounkalo Dao, Robert Leo Murphy, Sophia Siddiqui, Seydou Doumbia, Souleymane Diallo
BACKGROUND: To identify strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBc) circulating in Bamako region during the past 10 years. METHODS: From 2006 to 2016, we conducted a cross-sectional study to identify with spoligotyping, clinical isolates from tuberculosis (TB)-infected patients at different stages of their treatments in Bamako, Mali. RESULTS: Among the 904 suspected TB patients included in the study and thereafter tested in our BSL-3 laboratory, 492 (54...
October 2017: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
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