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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187629/review-of-the-genus-i-lanchnophorus-i-hemiptera-heteroptera-rhyparochromidae-with-description-of-three-new-species-and-other-nomenclatural-changes
#1
Petr Kment, Attilio Carapezza, Zdeněk Jindra, Előd Kondorosy
The generic name Lanchnophorus Reuter, 1887, deemed for a long time to be unavailable as incorrect original spelling of Lachnophorus (in fact Lachnophorus Distant, 1903 is an unjustified emendation of the former), is restored as a valid name of the genus. Lachnesthus Bergroth, 1915, syn. nov. (new name for the preoccupied Lachnophorus Distant, 1903) is considered junior synonym of Lanchnophorus. The following nomenclatural changes are proposed: Lanchnophorus flavus (Scudder, 1971) comb. nov. = Lachnesthus chinai Scudder, nomen nudum; Lanchnophorus guttulatus Reuter, 1887, comb...
January 25, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153828/clinical-benefit-of-1-year-certolizumab-pegol-czp-add-on-therapy-to-methotrexate-treatment-in-patients-with-early-rheumatoid-arthritis-was-observed-following-czp-discontinuation-2-year-results-of-the-c-opera-study-a-phase-iii-randomised-trial
#2
Tatsuya Atsumi, Yoshiya Tanaka, Kazuhiko Yamamoto, Tsutomu Takeuchi, Hisashi Yamanaka, Naoki Ishiguro, Katsumi Eguchi, Akira Watanabe, Hideki Origasa, Shinsuke Yasuda, Yuji Yamanishi, Yasuhiko Kita, Tsukasa Matsubara, Masahiro Iwamoto, Toshiharu Shoji, Osamu Togo, Toshiyuki Okada, Désirée van der Heijde, Nobuyuki Miyasaka, Takao Koike
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the clinical impact of 1-year certolizumab pegol (CZP) therapy added to the first year of 2-year methotrexate (MTX) therapy, compared with 2-year therapy with MTX alone. METHODS: MTX-naïve patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with poor prognostic factors were eligible to enter Certolizumab-Optimal Prevention of joint damage for Early RA (C-OPERA), a multicentre, randomised, controlled study, which consisted of a 52-week double-blind (DB) period and subsequent 52-week post treatment (PT) period...
February 2, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132516/using-a-social-ecological-framework-to-characterize-the-correlates-of-hiv-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-lom%C3%A3-togo
#3
Horacio Ruiseñor-Escudero, Ashley Grosso, Sosthenes Ketende, Vincent Pitche, Anato Simplice, Jules Tchalla, Dometo Sodji, Ben Liestman, Laurent Kapesa, Stefan Baral
In the mixed and concentrated HIV epidemics of West Africa, the relative disproportionate burden of HIV among men who have sex with men (MSM) compared to other reproductive-age men is higher than that observed in Southern and Eastern Africa. Our aim is to describe the correlates of HIV infection among MSM living in Lomé, Togo, using the Modified Social Ecological Model (MSEM). A total of 354 MSM ≥18 years of age were recruited using respondent driven sampling (RDS) for a cross-sectional survey in Lomé, Togo...
January 29, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126042/fournierella-massiliensis-gen-nov-sp-nov-a-new-human-associated-member-of-the-family-ruminococcaceae
#4
Amadou Hamidou Togo, Guillaume Durand, Saber Khelaifia, Nicholas Armstrong, Catherine Robert, Frederic Cadoret, Fabrizio DI Pinto, Jeremy Delerce, Anthony Levasseur, Didier Raoult, Matthieu Million
An anaerobic bacterium, strain AT2T, was isolated from the fresh stool sample of a healthy French man using the culturomics approach. The 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that strain AT2T had a 95.2% nucleotide sequence similarity with Gemmiger formicilis strain ATCC27749T, the phylogenetically closest species with standing in nomenclature. Cells are Gram-staining, catalase and oxidase negative; obligate anaerobic, non-motile, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped, and the bacilli were mesothermophilic. The major fatty acids were C16:0 (43...
January 26, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123223/using-population-size-estimation-and-cross-sectional-survey-methods-to-evaluate-hiv-service-coverage-among-key-populations-in-burkina-faso-and-togo
#5
Claire E Holland, Seni Kouanda, Marcel Lougué, Vincent Palokinam Pitche, Sheree Schwartz, Simplice Anato, Henri Gautier Ouedraogo, Jules Tchalla, Clarence S Yah, Laurent Kapesa, Sosthenes Ketende, Chris Beyrer, Stefan Baral
OBJECTIVES: The objective of our study was to measure progress toward the UNAIDS 90-90-90 HIV care targets among key populations in urban areas of 2 countries in West Africa: Burkina Faso and Togo. METHODS: We recruited female sex workers (FSWs) and men who have sex with men (MSM) through respondent-driven sampling. From January to July 2013, 2738 participants were enrolled, tested for HIV, and completed interviewer-administered surveys. We used population-size estimation methods to calculate the number of people who were engaged in the HIV continuum of care...
November 2016: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114427/burden-of-pneumococcal-disease-in-northern-togo-before-the-introduction-of-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine
#6
Jennifer C Moïsi, Makawa-Sy Makawa, Haoua Tall, Kodjo Agbenoko, Berthe-Marie Njanpop-Lafourcade, Stanislas Tamekloe, Moussa Amidou, Judith E Mueller, Bradford D Gessner
BACKGROUND: S. pneumoniae is a leading cause of meningitis morbidity and mortality in the African meningitis belt, but little is known of its contribution to the burden of pneumonia in the region. We aimed to estimate the incidence of pneumococcal disease in children and adults in northern Togo, before the introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV). METHODS AND FINDINGS: From May 1st 2010 to April 30th 2013, we systematically enrolled all hospitalized patients meeting a case definition of suspected meningitis or clinical pneumonia, residing in Tone or Cinkasse districts, northern Togo and providing informed consent...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110049/performance-of-microscopic-observation-drug-susceptibility-for-the-rapid-diagnosis-of-tuberculosis-and-detection-of-drug-resistance-in-bamako-mali
#7
Moumine Sanogo, Bourahima Kone, Bassirou Diarra, Mamoudou Maiga, Bocar Baya, Anou M Somboro, Yeya S Sarro, Antieme C G Togo, Bindongo P P Dembele, Drissa Goita, Amadou Kone, Ousmane M'Baye, Nadie Coulibaly, Seydou Diabate, Brehima Traore, Mariam H Diallo, Yaya I Coulibaly, Paul Saleeb, Michael Belson, Susan Orsega, Sophia Siddiqui, Michael A Polis, Sounkalo Dao, Robert L Murphy, Souleymane Diallo
OBJECTIVES: In Mali early detection and treatment of multidrug resistance tuberculosis (MDR-TB) are still challenging due to cost, time and/or complexity associated with regular tests. Microscopic Observation Drug Susceptibility (MODS) is a low-cost assay validated by WHO in 2010. It is a liquid culture based assay to detect the "cording" characteristic of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBc) and to assess susceptibility to both isoniazid and rifampicin defining MDR-TB. In this study we aimed to evaluate the performance of MODS as diagnostic tool compared to a validated method, the MGIT/AST/SIRE...
January 18, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107042/association-between-depressive-symptoms-and-morningness-eveningness-sleep-duration-and-rotating-shift-work-in-japanese-nurses
#8
Fumiharu Togo, Takahiro Yoshizaki, Taiki Komatsu
Higher depressive symptoms have been reported in rotating shift workers compared with day workers. Depressive symptoms in adults who do not engage in night work have also been shown to be associated with chronotype and sleep duration. This study examines associations between depressive symptoms, morningness-eveningness (i.e. the degree to which people prefer to be active in the morning or the evening), sleep duration and rotating shift work. Japanese nurses (1252 day workers and 1780 rotating shift workers, aged 20-59) were studied using a self-administered questionnaire...
January 20, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073720/children-healh-care-and-pediatrics-in-west-africa-enspedia-research-action-project-to-help-improve-the-quality-of-care-in-pediatrics-departments-in-west-africa-benin-burkina-faso-guinea-mali-mauritania-niger-senegal-and-togo
#9
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073713/the-french-muskoka%C3%A2-fund-origin-objectives-and-implementation
#10
S Aboubaker, C Grimaldi
Through its Priority Solidarity Fund, France set up a partnership with four United Nations agencies, WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, and UN WOMEN for the years 2011-2015 with an annual budget of 19 M €. An additional sixth year supplementary is underway. The program was developed through a common framework of actions coordinated and harmonized at the level of the target countries: integrated management of childhood diseases, mother-child nutrition, prenatal, perinatal, and postpartum follow-up, sexual and reproductive health, and adolescent health...
November 1, 2016: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056871/lung-adenocarcinoma-expressing-receptor-for-advanced-glycation-end-products-with-primary-systemic-al-amyloidosis-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#11
Shouichi Okamoto, Shinsaku Togo, Ichiro Nagata, Kazue Shimizu, Yoshika Koinuma, Yukiko Namba, Jun Ito, Toshimasa Uekusa, Kazuhisa Takahashi
BACKGROUND: Receptor for advanced glycation end-products (RAGE), a receptor for amyloids, is constitutively expressed in lungs and generally observed to be downregulated in lung cancer tissues. However, increasing levels of RAGE or serum amyloids is associated with poor outcome in lung cancer patients. We report a rare case of primary systemic amyloid light-chain (AL) amyloidosis in biopsy-proven multiple organs with early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) that displayed strong staining for RAGE in the tumour tissue...
January 5, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043602/screening-new-tuberculosis-patients-in-mali-for-rifampicin-resistance-at-2months
#12
Bassirou Diarra, Aissata B Cissé, Ousmane Kodio, Moumine Sanogo, Bocar Baya, Antieme C G Togo, Amadou Somboro, Mohamed Tolofoudié, Boureima Degoga, Marie Laure Keita, Fatimata Diallo, Natacha Nguiakam, Gagni Coulibaly, Sidy Bane, Yeya Dit Sadio Sarro, Seydou Doumbia, Robert Leo Murphy, Souleymane Diallo, Bouke C Dejong
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: The recent call for universal drug susceptibility testing (DST) for all tuberculosis (TB) patients will be difficult to meet in settings where Xpert rollout is limited, such as low prevalence of HIV and Multi-drug Resistant Tuberculosis (MDR) settings. As recommended by World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines, the success of TB treatment is measured by Ziehl-Neelsen (ZN) microscopy or auramine-rhodamine fluorescent microscopy (FM) on sputum, in which conversion to negative smear at 2months (M) is an important predictor of treatment success, defined as a negative smear at 5M...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040485/ecological-characteristics-of-simulium-breeding-sites-in-west-africa
#13
Robert A Cheke, Stephen Young, Rolf Garms
Twenty-nine taxa of Simulium were identified amongst 527 collections of larvae and pupae from untreated rivers and streams in Liberia (362 collections in 1967-71 & 1989), Togo (125 in 1979-81), Benin (35 in 1979-81) and Ghana (5 in 1980-81). Presence or absence of associations between different taxa were used to group them into six clusters using Ward agglomerative hierarchical cluster analysis. Environmental data associated with the pre-imaginal habitats were then analysed in relation to the six clusters by one way ANOVA...
March 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032302/the-1925-diphtheria-antitoxin-run-to-nome-alaska-a-public-health-illustration-of-human-animal-collaboration
#14
Basil H Aboul-Enein, William C Puddy, Jacquelyn E Bowser
Diphtheria is an acute toxin-mediated superficial infection of the respiratory tract or skin caused by the aerobic gram-positive bacillus Corynebacterium diphtheriae. The epidemiology of infection and clinical manifestations of the disease vary in different parts of the world. Historical accounts of diphtheria epidemics have been described in many parts of the world since antiquity. Developed in the late 19th century, the diphtheria antitoxin (DAT) played a pivotal role in the history of public health and vaccinology prior to the advent of the diphtheria-tetanus toxoids and acellular pertussis (DTaP) vaccine...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011004/appetite-loss-as-a-potential-predictor-of-suicidal-ideation-and-self-harm-in-adolescents-a-school-based-study
#15
Yuko Kitagawa, Shuntaro Ando, Syudo Yamasaki, Jerome Clifford Foo, Yuji Okazaki, Shinji Shimodera, Atsushi Nishida, Fumiharu Togo, Tsukasa Sasaki
Suicide is a leading cause of death in adolescents, but detection of its risk is often challenging. Many mental illnesses share the common symptom of appetite loss and it is also known that people who suffer from these illnesses are at greater risk of suicide. However, the relationship between appetite loss and suicide risk has yet to be examined. For adolescents in particular, questions about appetite loss may be easier to answer than sensitive questions regarding mental health. The present study aims to investigate the association of appetite loss with suicidal ideation and self-harm in adolescents...
December 21, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998330/medical-science-meets-development-aid-transfer-and-adaptation-of-west-german-microbiology-to-togo-1960-1980
#16
Carola Rensch, Walter Bruchhausen
After losing the importance it had held around 1900 both as a colonial power and in the field of tropical medicine, Germany searched for a new place in international health care during decolonisation. Under the aegis of early government 'development aid', which started in 1956, medical academics from West German universities became involved in several Asian, African and South American countries. The example selected for closer study is the support for the national hygiene institute in Togo, a former German 'model colony' and now a stout ally of the West...
January 2017: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995978/three-dimensional-ultrastructural-analysis-of-cells-in-the-periodontal-ligament-using-focused-ion-beam-scanning-electron-microscope-tomography
#17
Shingo Hirashima, Keisuke Ohta, Tomonoshin Kanazawa, Satoko Okayama, Akinobu Togo, Naohisa Uchimura, Jingo Kusukawa, Kei-Ichiro Nakamura
The accurate comprehension of normal tissue provides essential data to analyse abnormalities such as disease and regenerative processes. In addition, understanding the proper structure of the target tissue and its microenvironment may facilitate successful novel treatment strategies. Many studies have examined the nature and structure of periodontal ligaments (PDLs); however, the three-dimensional (3D) structure of cells in normal PDLs remains poorly understood. In this study, we used focused ion beam/scanning electron microscope tomography to investigate the whole 3D ultrastructure of PDL cells along with quantitatively analysing their structural properties and ascertaining their orientation to the direction of the collagen fibre...
December 20, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981497/factors-affecting-canagliflozin-induced-transient-urine-volume-increase-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#18
Hiroyuki Tanaka, Kazuhiko Takano, Hiroaki Iijima, Hajime Kubo, Nobuko Maruyama, Toshio Hashimoto, Kenji Arakawa, Masanori Togo, Nobuya Inagaki, Kohei Kaku
INTRODUCTION: Sodium glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors exhibit diuretic activity, which is a possible mechanism underlying the cardiovascular benefit of these inhibitors. However, the osmotic diuresis-induced increase in urine volume, and the risk of dehydration have been of concern with SGLT2 inhibitor treatment. This study aimed to investigate the mechanism underlying SGLT2 inhibitor canagliflozin-induced diuresis in Japanese type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. METHODS: Thirteen T2DM patients received a daily oral dose of 100 mg canagliflozin before breakfast for 6 days...
December 15, 2016: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976909/introduction-of-quinolines-and-isoquinolines-onto-nonactivated-%C3%AE-c-h-bond-of-tertiary-amides-through-a-radical-pathway
#19
Naoki Okugawa, Katsuhiko Moriyama, Hideo Togo
Treatment of quinolines and isoquinolines with benzoyl peroxide in tertiary amides, such as N,N-dimethylacetamide, N,N-dimethylpropionamide, and N-acetylpyrrolidine, etc., under irradiation with a Hg lamp in the temperature range of 35 °C to 40 °C gave C-C-bonded quinolines and isoquinolines bearing amide groups with high regioselectivity in good to moderate yields, respectively, under transition-metal-free conditions.
December 15, 2016: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975703/study-of-pterocarpus-erinaceus-a-promising-plant-from-togo-to-treat-infectious-diseases
#20
N K Tittikpina, F Nana, S Fontanay, K Batawila, K Akpagana, G Kirsch, R E Duval, P Chaimbault, C Jacob
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Planta Medica
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