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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603828/profile-of-bone-malignancy-among-rheumatology-inpatients-in-lom%C3%A3-togo
#1
Kodjo Kakpovi, Owonayo Oniankitan, Messanvi Kpoti, Prénam Houzou, Viwalé Es Koffi-Tessio, Komi C Tagbor, Eyram Fianyo, Moustafa Mijiyawa
BACKGROUND: The incidence of bone malignancy in adulthood seems poorly known in Black Africa. AIM: To determine the epidemiological, clinical, and paraclinical profile of bone malignancy in patients admitted to the Rheumatology Department in Lomé (Togo). METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted over 19 years on records of hospital patients admitted for bone malignancy. RESULTS: One hundred sixty-six of 2018 (8.2%) patients (98 men and 68 women) admitted suffered from bone malignancy...
August 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602653/infrasonic-and-ultrasonic-hearing-evolved-after-the-emergence-of-modern-whales
#2
Mickaël J Mourlam, Maeva J Orliac
Mysticeti (baleen whales) and Odontoceti (toothed whales) today greatly differ in their hearing abilities: Mysticeti are presumed to be sensitive to infrasonic noises [1-3], whereas Odontoceti are sensitive to ultrasonic sounds [4-6]. Two competing hypotheses exist regarding the attainment of hearing abilities in modern whales: ancestral low-frequency sensitivity [7-13] or ancestral high-frequency sensitivity [14, 15]. The significance of these evolutionary scenarios is limited by the undersampling of both early-diverging cetaceans (archaeocetes) and terrestrial hoofed relatives of cetaceans (non-cetacean artiodactyls)...
June 19, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602443/-benign-neonatal-hemangiomatosis-an-observation-in-a-child-in-togo
#3
G Mahamadou, B Saka, A Mouhari-Toure, M Tchaou, S Pessinaba, W Gnassingbé, K Kombaté, P Pitché
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 8, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592935/surgery-on-burns-sequelae-in-developing-countries
#4
O El Ezzi, M Dolci, C Dufour, R Bossou, A de Buys Roessingh
The purpose of this study is to analyze the effectiveness of surgery and follow-up of children operated on for burn sequelae. For many years, we have organized two missions per year to Benin and Togo, one for surgery and one for follow-up. We analyzed the files of children born in Africa and victims of burns from the years 2002 to 2011. Children were referred through a non-governmental organization (NGO) and assessed in Africa by local paediatricians before and after surgery. Treatment consisted in operating on burn sequelae such as contractures, hypertrophic scars and hard cords...
March 31, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589394/single-and-chronic-l-serine-treatments-exert-antidepressant-like-effects-in-rats-possibly-by-different-means
#5
Mao Nagasawa, Tsuyoshi Otsuka, Yuki Togo, Masakazu Yamanaga, Junki Yoshida, Nobuo Uotsu, Sachiyuki Teramoto, Shinobu Yasuo, Mitsuhiro Furuse
In the present study, the effects of both single (6 mmol L-serine/10 ml/kg orally administrated) and chronic (2% L-serine solution freely given for 28 days) treatments on depression-like behavior were evaluated in Wistar rats, representing the control, and Wistar Kyoto rats, representing an animal model of depression. Both single and chronic L-serine treatments decreased the duration of immobility, which is an index of a depressive-like state, in the forced swimming test in both strains. However, the decreases in the duration of immobility appear to be regulated differently by the different mechanisms involved in single and chronic L-serine treatments...
June 6, 2017: Amino Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561454/hepatitis-b-treatment-eligibility-in-west-africa-uncertainties-and-need-for-prospective-cohort-studies
#6
Antoine Jaquet, Marcellin Nouaman, Judicaël Tine, Aristophane Tanon, Camille Anoma, André Inwoley, Alain Attia, Didier K Ekouevi, Moussa Seydi, François Dabis, Gilles Wandeler
BACKGROUND & AIMS: While universal screening of hepatitis B virus (HBV) is recommended in high burden countries, little is known about the proportion of HBV-infected persons in need of antiviral therapy in these settings. METHODS: Prisoners in Senegal and Togo, as well as female sex workers and men who have sex with men in Cote d'Ivoire were screened for HBV infection. All HBsAg-positive participants underwent transient elastography, alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and HBV viral load quantification...
May 31, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556409/prevention-of-infectious-complications-after-prostate-biopsy-procedure
#7
REVIEW
Yoshikazu Togo, Shingo Yamamoto
Although febrile complications are rarely encountered after a prostate biopsy procedure, in recent years the number of cases of fatal infection after that have increased along with increases in resistant bacteria. The available biopsy approaches are transrectal and transperineal, with the transrectal approach primarily used. As the invasion path of the puncture needle differs between these approaches, pretreatment and the method of administration of preventive antimicrobial drugs should be separately considered for infection prevention...
May 27, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552989/structure-of-sweet-potato-ipomoea-batatas-diversity-in-west-africa-covaries-with-a-climatic-gradient
#8
Kodjo Glato, Atsou Aidam, Ndjido Ardo Kane, Diallo Bassirou, Marie Couderc, Leila Zekraoui, Nora Scarcelli, Adeline Barnaud, Yves Vigouroux
Sub-Saharan agriculture has been identified as vulnerable to ongoing climate change. Adaptation of agriculture has been suggested as a way to maintain productivity. Better knowledge of intra-specific diversity of varieties is prerequisites for the successful management of such adaptation. Among crops, root and tubers play important roles in food security and economic growth for the most vulnerable populations in Africa. Here, we focus on the sweet potato. The Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) was domesticated in Central and South America and was later introduced into Africa and is now cultivated throughout tropical Africa...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545721/impact-of-menafrivac-in-nine-countries-of-the-african-meningitis-belt-2010-15-an-analysis-of-surveillance-data
#9
Caroline L Trotter, Clément Lingani, Katya Fernandez, Laura V Cooper, André Bita, Carol Tevi-Benissan, Olivier Ronveaux, Marie-Pierre Préziosi, James M Stuart
BACKGROUND: In preparation for the introduction of MenAfriVac, a meningococcal group A conjugate vaccine developed for the African meningitis belt, an enhanced meningitis surveillance network was established. We analysed surveillance data on suspected and confirmed cases of meningitis to quantify vaccine impact. METHODS: We compiled and analysed surveillance data for nine countries in the meningitis belt (Benin, Burkina Faso, Chad, Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, and Togo) collected and curated by the WHO Inter-country Support Team between 2005 and 2015...
May 22, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545675/changes-in-viral-hepatitis-b-screening-practices-over-time-in-west-african-hiv-clinics
#10
P A Coffie, A Patassi, A Doumbia, G Bado, E Messou, A Minga, E Allah-Kouadio, D M Zannou, M Seydi, A R Kakou, F Dabis, G Wandeler
BACKGROUND: We aimed to describe changes in hepatitis B screening practices over a 3-year period among HIV-infected patients in West Africa. METHODS: A medical chart review was conducted in urban HIV treatment centers in Ivory Coast (3 sites), Benin, Burkina Faso, Senegal, and Togo (1 site each). Among patients who started antiretroviral treatment between 2010 and 2012, 100 per year were randomly selected from each clinic. Demographic, clinical, and laboratory data was collected using a standardized questionnaire...
May 22, 2017: Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542166/indoor-secondhand-tobacco-smoke-and-risk-of-under-five-mortality-in-23-sub-saharan-africa-countries-a-population-based-study-and-meta-analysis
#11
Patrick Opiyo Owili, Miriam Adoyo Muga, Wen-Chi Pan, Hsien-Wen Kuo
BACKGROUND: Inhalation of secondhand smoke from tobacco results in serious health outcomes among under-five children, and yet, few studies have assessed its effect on under-five mortality. We investigated the association between frequency of exposure to household tobacco smoke and risk of under-five mortality in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). METHODS: Demographic Health Survey data of under-five children from 23 SSA countries (n = 787,484) were used. Cox proportional hazard models described the association between exposure to tobacco smoke and the risk of under-five mortality in each country, with age as the time-to-event indicator...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540900/quality-of-life-of-hemodialysis-patients-in-togo-a-single-center-study-on-64-hemodialysis-patients-at-the-sylvanus-olympio-university-hospital-in-lom%C3%A3-togo
#12
Kossi Akomola Sabi, Béfa Noto-Kadou-Kaza, Eyram Yoan Amekoudi, Jacques Vigan, Kokou Ayamekpe, Dégnon Amedegnato
This study aims at assessing patients' quality of life during hemodialysis (HD) and determining influencing factors. This prospective study was conducted over a three-month period (December 1, 2012-February 28, 2013) at the Sylvanus Olympio University Hospital (CHU-SO) HD unit, the only center to provide such services in Togo. Respondents used the standard Medical Outcome Survey-Short Form 36 questionnaire. This study was conducted on 64 patients (44 males and 20 females = M/F ratio 2.2). Mean patient age was 45...
May 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507221/allocation-of-antiretroviral-drugs-to-hiv-infected-patients-in-togo-perspectives-of-people-living-with-hiv-and-healthcare-providers
#13
Lonzozou Kpanake, Paul Clay Sorum, Etienne Mullet
AIM: To explore the way people living with HIV and healthcare providers in Togo judge the priority of HIV-infected patients regarding the allocation of antiretroviral drugs. METHOD: From June to September 2015, 200 adults living with HIV and 121 healthcare providers living in Togo were recruited for the study. They were presented with stories of a few lines depicting the situation of an HIV-infected patient and were instructed to judge the extent to which the patient should be given priority for antiretroviral drugs...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497153/catalytic-dehydrogenative-dual-functionalization-of-ethers-dealkylation-oxidation-bromination-accompanied-by-c-o-bond-cleavage-via-aerobic-oxidation-of-bromide
#14
Katsuhiko Moriyama, Tsukasa Hamada, Yu Nakamura, Hideo Togo
Catalytic dehydrogenative dual functionalization (DDF) of ethers via oxidation, dealkylation, and α-bromination by the aerobic oxidation of bromide was developed to obtain the corresponding α-bromo ketones in high yields. In particular, the reaction of substituted tetrahydrofurans as cyclic ethers provided 3,3-dibromo tetrahydrofuran-2-ols in high yields selectively through the double α-bromination.
June 16, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484196/a-case-of-an-intractable-duodenal-ulcer-associated-with-a-pancreatic-arteriovenous-malformation
#15
Shotaro Inoue, Tetsuya Ueo, Hirotoshi Yonemasu, Tetsuya Ishida, Masahide Fukuda, Kazumi Togo, Yuka Yanai, Hideyasu Nagamatsu, Ryoichi Narita, Kazunari Murakami
A 62-year-old man with epigastralgia was referred to our hospital for the evaluation of an intractable duodenal ulcer, which did not improve following proton pump inhibitor treatment. An upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed that the base of the ulcer was gray-white in color with conspicuous fibrosis tissue, unlike the appearance of common ulcers. A contrast-enhanced abdominal CT scan and angiography revealed tortuous and dilated vascular structures in the pancreatic head. This was diagnosed as a pancreatic arteriovenous malformation...
2017: Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi, the Japanese Journal of Gastro-enterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480398/ethnobotanical-study-of-plants-used-to-treat-asthma-in-the-maritime-region-in-togo
#16
Holaly E Gbekley, Gnatoulma Katawa, Simplice D Karou, SKokou Anani, Tchacondo Tchadjobo, Yaovi Ameyapoh, Komlan Batawila, Jacques Simpore
BACKGROUND: Asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases in modern society and it is evident that its incidence and severity are increasing, however very little is known about the plants used in the management of the disease. This study therefore aimed to document the plants usage in the Togolese traditional medicine to treat asthma. METHODOLOGY: From January to June 2015, an ethnobotanical survey was conducted using a semi-structured questionnaire with traditional healers (THs) in the southern region of Togo...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470633/-anxiety-depression-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-refugees-a-systematic-review
#17
Jutta Lindert, Ondine S von Ehrenstein, Annette Wehrwein, Elmar Brähler, Ingo Schäfer
Anxiety, depression and posttraumatic stress disorder are the main psychopathological symptoms shown by refugees. We conducted a systematic review. First, we identified key-words for a systematic search in PUBMED. We included original articles since 2009 with 1) a non-clinical sample of refugees, 2) refugees living at maximum 5 years in the host country, 4) with the outcomes anxiety, depression, and PTSD and 5) a sample with >100 participants. Then we read titles, abstracts and fulltexts. We identified 1 877 studies...
May 3, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459105/crude-childhood-vaccination-coverage-in-west-africa-trends-and-predictors-of-completeness
#18
Jacob S Kazungu, Ifedayo M O Adetifa
Background: Africa has the lowest childhood vaccination coverage worldwide. If the full benefits of childhood vaccination programmes are to be enjoyed in sub-Saharan Africa, all countries need to improve on vaccine delivery to achieve and sustain high coverage. In this paper, we review trends in vaccination coverage, dropouts between vaccine doses and explored the country-specific predictors of complete vaccination in West Africa.  Methods: We utilized datasets from the Demographic and Health Surveys Program, available for Benin, Burkina Faso, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Cote d'Ivoire, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone and Togo, to obtain coverage for Bacillus Calmette-Guerin, polio, measles, and diphtheria, pertussis and tetanus (DPT) vaccines in children aged 12 - 23 months...
February 15, 2017: Wellcome Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457202/hiv-sexually-transmitted-infections-and-intimate-partner-violence-results-from-the-togo-2013-2014-demographic-and-health-survey
#19
Anthony H Nguyen, Anna R Giuliano, Alfred K Mbah, Aurora Sanchez-Anguiano
Among clinic-based studies, intimate partner violence (IPV) has been shown to contribute to HIV/AIDS among young girls and women. Results from studies among the general population have been less consistent. This study evaluated the associations between HIV infection, any sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and IPV in a population-based sample of Togolese women. Data from the Togo 2013-2014 Demographic and Health Survey were utilized for these analyses. Women aged 15-49, who were currently married, had HIV test results, and answered the Domestic Violence Module were analyzed (n = 2386)...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455454/decrease-in-an-anti-ageing-factor-growth-differentiation-factor-11-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#20
Katsuhiro Onodera, Hisatoshi Sugiura, Mitsuhiro Yamada, Akira Koarai, Naoya Fujino, Satoru Yanagisawa, Rie Tanaka, Tadahisa Numakura, Shinsaku Togo, Kei Sato, Yorihiko Kyogoku, Yuichiro Hashimoto, Tatsuma Okazaki, Tsutomu Tamada, Seiichi Kobayashi, Masaru Yanai, Motohiko Miura, Yasushi Hoshikawa, Yoshinori Okada, Satoshi Suzuki, Masakazu Ichinose
RATIONALE: Cellular senescence is observed in the lungs of patients with COPD and may contribute to the disease pathogenesis. Growth differentiation factor 11 (GDF11) belongs to the transforming growth factor β superfamily and was recently reported to be a circulating protein that may have rejuvenating effects in mice. We aimed to investigate the amounts of GDF11 in the plasma and the lungs of patients with COPD and elucidate the possible roles of GDF11 in cellular senescence. METHODS: The plasma levels of GDF11 were investigated in two separate cohorts by western blotting...
April 28, 2017: Thorax
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