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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633633/utilization-and-farmers-knowledge-on-pigeonpea-diversity-in-benin-west-africa
#1
Mathieu Anatole Tele Ayenan, Agyemang Danquah, Léonard Essehou Ahoton, Kwadwo Ofori
BACKGROUND: Understanding factors driving farmers' uses of crop genetic resources is a key component not only to design appropriate conservation strategies but also to promote sustainable production. However, in Benin, limited information is available on farmers' knowledge related to pigeonpea uses and conservation. This study aimed at i) identifying and investigating the different uses of pigeonpea in relation with socio-cultural factors, namely age, gender, ethnic group and respondents' residence, ii) assessing pigeonpea varieties richness at household level and iii) evaluating the extent and distribution of pigeonpea varieties...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625144/detection-of-poor-quality-artemisinin-based-combination-therapy-act-medicines-marketed-in-benin-using-simple-and-advanced-analytical-techniques
#2
Achille Yemoa, Védaste Habyalimana, Jérémie K Mbinze, Victoria Crickboom, Benjamin Muhigirwa, Agnès Ngoya, Pierre-Yves Sacré, Fernand Gbaguidi, Joëlle Quetin-Leclercq, Philippe Hubert, Roland D Marini
BACKGROUND: Poor quality antimalarial medicines still represent a threat to the public health, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa who bears a disproportionate share of the global burden of malaria. It is essential and urgent to strengthen mechanisms against counterfeit medicines. One of the approaches is regular market surveillance through quality controls. METHODS: 12 samples of artemether/lumefantrine were collected from formal and informal drug sellers in Cotonou (Benin) as well as additional other similar samples from Rwanda (13 samples) and from D...
June 15, 2017: Current Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610626/social-accountability-in-primary-health-care-in-west-and-central-africa-exploring-the-role-of-health-facility-committees
#3
Elsbet Lodenstein, Eric Mafuta, Adolphe C Kpatchavi, Jean Servais, Marjolein Dieleman, Jacqueline E W Broerse, Alpha Amadou Bano Barry, Thérèse M N Mambu, Jurrien Toonen
BACKGROUND: Social accountability has been emphasised as an important strategy to increase the quality, equity, and responsiveness of health services. In many countries, health facility committees (HFCs) provide the accountability interface between health providers and citizens or users of health services. This article explores the social accountability practices facilitated by HFCs in Benin, Guinea and the Democratic Republic of Congo. METHODS: The paper is based on a cross-case comparison of 11 HFCs across the three countries...
June 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592935/surgery-on-burns-sequelae-in-developing-countries
#4
O El Ezzi, M Dolci, C Dufour, R Bossou, A de Buys Roessingh
The purpose of this study is to analyze the effectiveness of surgery and follow-up of children operated on for burn sequelae. For many years, we have organized two missions per year to Benin and Togo, one for surgery and one for follow-up. We analyzed the files of children born in Africa and victims of burns from the years 2002 to 2011. Children were referred through a non-governmental organization (NGO) and assessed in Africa by local paediatricians before and after surgery. Treatment consisted in operating on burn sequelae such as contractures, hypertrophic scars and hard cords...
March 31, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585776/comparison-of-adverse-events-following-pentavalent-and-diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis-vaccines-among-nigerian-children
#5
Ayebo Evawere Sadoh, Damian Uchechukwu Nwaneri, Bamidele Charity Ogboghodo, Wilson Ehidiamen Sadoh
INTRODUCTION: Adverse events following immunization (AEFI) may follow the use of any vaccine. There is thus a need for documentation of the types and prevalence of AEFIs for each vaccine and early identification of new events or those occurring at rates higher than expected. When one vaccine replaces another, it is important to document the safety of the new vaccine as well as compare to that of the old. In this study, we aimed to document the AEFIs following the use of pentavalent vaccine recently introduced into the National Programme on Immunization and compare with those of diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis (DTwP) vaccine which it replaced...
June 6, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584601/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-sulfadoxine-antibody-among-patients-undergoing-treatment-for-malaria-in-benin-city-nigeria
#6
Kingsley Ikuoyogie, Helen Oroboghae Ogefere, Richard Omoregie
OBJECTIVES: Because of lack of data on the prevalence of sulfadoxine antibody, this study was conducted to determine the prevalence of sulfadoxine antibodies and its possible risk factors. METHODS: Blood specimens were collected from 500 patients undergoing treatment for malaria at Central Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria. A structured questionnaire was used to collect information and sociodemographic data. Sulfadoxine antibodies were detected by drug absorption (DAT) and immune complex (IMC) methods...
May 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584472/radiographic-anthropometric-study-of-frontal-sinus-for-sex-determination-in-benin-city-south-south-nigeria
#7
Dennis Erhisenebe O Eboh, Osesogie U Ogbeide, Theophilus Ivwighren
CONTEXT: The frontal sinuses are situated in the frontal bone between the outer and inner plates of the bone. A good knowledge on dimensions is relevant for successful surgery. AIM: This study was carried out to determine the dimorphic potential of the frontal sinuses and to ascertain the accuracy in sex determination using the logistic regression model among Edo people of Nigeria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It was a 7 years retrospective study on the Edo, utilizing posterior-anterior radiographs of frontal sinuses in University of Benin Teaching Hospital...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575193/the-cost-structure-of-routine-infant-immunization-services-a-systematic-analysis-of-six-countries
#8
Fangli Geng, Christian Suharlim, Logan Brenzel, Stephen C Resch, Nicolas A Menzies
Little information exists on the cost structure of routine infant immunization services in low- and middle-income settings. Using a unique dataset of routine infant immunization costs from six countries, we estimated how costs were distributed across budget categories and programmatic activities, and investigated how the cost structure of immunization sites varied by country and site characteristics. The EPIC study collected data on routine infant immunization costs from 319 sites in Benin, Ghana, Honduras, Moldova, Uganda, Zambia, using a standardized approach...
May 31, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569154/evaluation-of-the-knowledge-and-attitude-of-pharmacists-about-the-national-malaria-control-policy-in-southern-benin
#9
Habib Ganfon, Giraud Ekanmian, Louis Amoussou, Emilie Daniel-Garcia, Aurel Constant Allabi
BACKGROUND: The national strategy against malaria in an endemic country should involve all the health stakeholders. In Benin, the private sector is rarely present in the activities of the National Malaria Control Programme (NMCP), and its surveillance system does not cover private sector outlets that are a non-negligible part of the healthcare system. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the drug delivery practices within private pharmacies of Cotonou and Porto-Novo and the awareness of medicine providers concerning the national policy of malaria treatment...
May 31, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549431/insecticide-treated-nets-provide-protection-against-malaria-to-children-in-an-area-of-insecticide-resistance-in-southern-benin
#10
John Bradley, Aurore Ogouyèmi-Hounto, Sylvie Cornélie, Jacob Fassinou, Yolande Sissinto Savi de Tove, Adicath Adéola Adéothy, Filémon T Tokponnon, Patrick Makoutode, Alioun Adechoubou, Thibaut Legba, Telesphore Houansou, Dorothée Kinde-Gazard, Martin C Akogbeto, Achille Massougbodji, Tessa Bellamy Knox, Martin Donnelly, Immo Kleinschmidt
BACKGROUND: Malaria control is heavily reliant on insecticides, especially pyrethroids. Resistance of mosquitoes to insecticides may threaten the effectiveness of insecticide-based vector control and lead to a resurgence of malaria in Africa. METHODS: In 21 villages in Southern Benin with high levels of insecticide resistance, the resistance status of local vectors was measured at the same time as the prevalence of malaria infection in resident children. RESULTS: Children who used LLINs had lower levels of malaria infection [odds ratio = 0...
May 26, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545721/impact-of-menafrivac-in-nine-countries-of-the-african-meningitis-belt-2010-15-an-analysis-of-surveillance-data
#11
Caroline L Trotter, Clément Lingani, Katya Fernandez, Laura V Cooper, André Bita, Carol Tevi-Benissan, Olivier Ronveaux, Marie-Pierre Préziosi, James M Stuart
BACKGROUND: In preparation for the introduction of MenAfriVac, a meningococcal group A conjugate vaccine developed for the African meningitis belt, an enhanced meningitis surveillance network was established. We analysed surveillance data on suspected and confirmed cases of meningitis to quantify vaccine impact. METHODS: We compiled and analysed surveillance data for nine countries in the meningitis belt (Benin, Burkina Faso, Chad, Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, and Togo) collected and curated by the WHO Inter-country Support Team between 2005 and 2015...
May 22, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545675/changes-in-viral-hepatitis-b-screening-practices-over-time-in-west-african-hiv-clinics
#12
P A Coffie, A Patassi, A Doumbia, G Bado, E Messou, A Minga, E Allah-Kouadio, D M Zannou, M Seydi, A R Kakou, F Dabis, G Wandeler
BACKGROUND: We aimed to describe changes in hepatitis B screening practices over a 3-year period among HIV-infected patients in West Africa. METHODS: A medical chart review was conducted in urban HIV treatment centers in Ivory Coast (3 sites), Benin, Burkina Faso, Senegal, and Togo (1 site each). Among patients who started antiretroviral treatment between 2010 and 2012, 100 per year were randomly selected from each clinic. Demographic, clinical, and laboratory data was collected using a standardized questionnaire...
May 22, 2017: Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542166/indoor-secondhand-tobacco-smoke-and-risk-of-under-five-mortality-in-23-sub-saharan-africa-countries-a-population-based-study-and-meta-analysis
#13
Patrick Opiyo Owili, Miriam Adoyo Muga, Wen-Chi Pan, Hsien-Wen Kuo
BACKGROUND: Inhalation of secondhand smoke from tobacco results in serious health outcomes among under-five children, and yet, few studies have assessed its effect on under-five mortality. We investigated the association between frequency of exposure to household tobacco smoke and risk of under-five mortality in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). METHODS: Demographic Health Survey data of under-five children from 23 SSA countries (n = 787,484) were used. Cox proportional hazard models described the association between exposure to tobacco smoke and the risk of under-five mortality in each country, with age as the time-to-event indicator...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540471/genetic-characterization-of-the-honeybee-ectoparasitic-mite-varroa-destructor-from-benin-west-africa-using-mitochondrial-and-microsatellite-markers
#14
Aude E Kelomey, Armand Paraiso, Haziz Sina, Hélène Legout, Lionel Garnery, Lamine Baba-Moussa
Varroa destructor is one of the scourges of global beekeeping. It was detected for the first time in Benin in 2011 on the honeybee Apis mellifera adansonii. The aim of this study was to identify the strain of Varroa sp. found and study its genetic diversity. In total 183 Varroa mites were sampled in 21 municipalities in Benin. The COI intergenic region of each mite mtDNA was amplified by PCR. The SacI restriction enzyme was used to determine the strains of Varroa sp. Only the Korean (K) haplotype, identical to the most prevalent strain in Africa, was detected...
May 2017: Experimental & Applied Acarology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539125/do-anti-malarials-in-africa-meet-quality-standards-the-market-penetration-of-non-quality-assured-artemisinin-combination-therapy-in-eight-african-countries
#15
Paul N Newton, Kara Hanson, Catherine Goodman
BACKGROUND: Quality of artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) is important for ensuring malaria parasite clearance and protecting the efficacy of artemisinin-based therapies. The extent to which non quality-assured ACT (non-QAACT), or those not granted global regulatory approval, are available and used to treat malaria in endemic countries is poorly documented. This paper uses national and sub-national medicine outlet surveys conducted in eight study countries (Benin, Kinshasa and Kantanga [Democratic Republic of the Congo, DRC], Kenya, Madagascar, Nigeria, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia) between 2009 and 2015 to describe the non-QAACT market and to document trends in availability and distribution of non-QAACT in the public and private sector...
May 25, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529528/safety-evaluation-of-potential-toxic-metals-exposure-from-street-foods-consumed-in-mid-west-nigeria
#16
O C Ekhator, N A Udowelle, S Igbiri, R N Asomugha, Z N Igweze, O E Orisakwe
Objective. Street-vended foods offer numerous advantages to food security; nevertheless, the safety of street food should be considered. This study has investigated the level of potential toxic metal (Pb, Cd, Hg, Sb, Mn, and Al) contamination among street-vended foods in Benin City and Umunede. Methods. Twenty street food samples were purchased from vendors at bus stops. Metals were analyzed with atomic absorption spectrophotometry. The methods developed by the US EPA were employed to evaluate the potential health risk of toxic metals...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526075/testing-times-trends-in-availability-price-and-market-share-of-malaria-diagnostics-in-the-public-and-private-healthcare-sector-across-eight-sub-saharan-african-countries-from-2009-to-2015
#17
Kara Hanson, Catherine Goodman
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization guidelines have recommended that all cases of suspected malaria should receive a confirmatory test with microscopy or a malaria rapid diagnostic test (RDT), however evidence from sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) illustrates that only one-third of children under five with a recent fever received a test. The aim of this study was to evaluate availability, price and market share of microscopy and RDT from 2009/11 to 2014/15 in 8 SSA countries, to better understand barriers to improving access to malaria confirmatory testing in the public and private health sectors...
May 19, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498739/feasibility-of-a-cardiovascular-cohort-in-a-sub-saharan-africa-community-preliminary-report-of-the-pilot-project-tahes-tanv%C3%A3-health-study-in-benin
#18
Yessito Corine Houehanou, Carmelle Mizéhoun-Adissoda, Salimanou Amidou, Iléana Désormais, Martin Houénassi, Pierre-Marie Preux, Benoit Marin, Dismand Houinato, Philippe Lacroix
BACKGROUND: Faced with the growing burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) including atherosclerotic in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), the development of appropriate prediction tools, based on large cohorts, appears useful for prevention. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the pilot project TAHES (Tanvè Health Study) was to explore the feasibility of a large cohort study focused on CVD and risk factors in Benin. METHODS: We implemented a prospective cohort over 2 years...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482251/an-initial-exploration-of-prostitution-of-boys-in-the-west-african-region
#19
Charles Hounmenou
There is limited research on child prostitution in Sub-Saharan Africa, particularly as it relates to boys. An international research study on child prostitution was conducted in Benin, Burkina Faso, and Niger. A descriptive, cross-sectional research design with a survey method was used to collect data. Convenience sampling was used to recruit the participants. A total of 709 children in prostitution participated in the study, including 261 girls in Benin, 243 girls in Burkina Faso, and 192 girls and 13 boys in Niger...
May 5, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472957/safety-and-efficacy-of-the-choline-analogue-sar97276-for-malaria-treatment-results-of-two-phase-2-open-label-multicenter-trials-in-african-patients
#20
Jana Held, Christian Supan, Carmen L Ospina Salazar, Halidou Tinto, Léa Nadège Bonkian, Alain Nahum, Ali Sié, Salim Abdulla, Cathy Cantalloube, Elhadj Djeriou, Marielle Bouyou-Akotet, Bernhards Ogutu, Benjamin Mordmüller, Andrea Kreidenweiss, Mohamadou Siribie, Sodiomon B Sirima, Peter G Kremsner
BACKGROUND: Malaria remains one of the most important infectious diseases. Treatment options for severe malaria are limited and the choline analogue SAR97276A is a novel chemical entity that was developed primarily as treatment for severe malaria. Before starting clinical investigations in severely ill malaria patients, safety and efficacy of SAR97276A was studied in patients with uncomplicated malaria. Here, we summarize two open-label, multi-center phase 2 trials assessing safety and efficacy of parenterally administered SAR97276A in African adults and children with falciparum malaria...
May 4, 2017: Malaria Journal
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