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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027260/determinants-of-bed-net-policy-implementation-a-case-study-of-southern-benin
#1
Georges Danhoundo, Mary E Wiktorowicz, Shahirose Sadrudin Premji, Khalidha Nasiri
BACKGROUND: Malaria is a major global health challenge. This study aims to clarify the manner in which contextual factors determine the use and maintenance of bed nets and the extent to which malaria prevention policy is responsive to them in Southern Benin. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews and direct observations were undertaken with 30 pregnant women in the municipality of So-Ava from June to August 2015. Key informants in the Ministry of Health and local community health workers were also interviewed regarding malaria prevention policy formation, and the monitoring and evaluation of bed net interventions, respectively...
October 13, 2017: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026968/clinical-outcome-social-impact-and-patient-expectation-a-purposive-sampling-pilot-evaluation-of-patients-in-benin-seven-years-after-surgery
#2
Michelle C White, Kirsten Randall, Esther Avara, Jenny Mullis, Gary Parker, Mark G Shrime
BACKGROUND: Access to affordable and timely surgery is not equitable around the world. Five billion people lack access, and while non-governmental organizations (NGOs) help to meet this need, long-term surgical outcomes, social impact or patient experience is rarely reported. METHOD: In 2016, Mercy Ships, a surgical NGO, undertook an evaluation of patients who had received surgery seven years earlier with Mercy Ships in 2009 in Benin. Using purposive sampling, patients who had received maxillofacial, plastics or orthopedic surgery were invited to attend a surgical evaluation day...
October 12, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023051/nutritional-properties-assessment-of-endogenous-and-improved-varieties-of-maize-zea-mays-l-grown-in-southern-benin
#3
Semassa Adjobignon Josiane, Anihouvi Victor Bienvenu, Padonou Segla Wilfried, Adjanohoun Adolphe, Aly Djima, Gbenou Joachin, Baba-Moussa Lamine
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: A wide range of maize varieties is used in Benin but information on the nutritional characteristics of these varieties are not well known. This study aims to assess the nutritional composition of maize varieties in use in the southern region of Benin with the purpose of providing consumers accurate information for better choice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Moisture, ash, protein, fiber and fat contents were determined according to Association of Official Analytical Chemists and American Association of Cereal Chemists methods...
2017: Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences: PJBS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991911/associations-between-an-igg3-polymorphism-in-the-binding-domain-for-fcrn-transplacental-transfer-of-malaria-specific-igg3-and-protection-against-plasmodium-falciparum-malaria-during-infancy-a-birth-cohort-study-in-benin
#4
Celia Dechavanne, Sebastien Dechavanne, Ibrahim Sadissou, Adjimon Gatien Lokossou, Fernanda Alvarado, Magalie Dambrun, Kabirou Moutairou, David Courtin, Gregory Nuel, Andre Garcia, Florence Migot-Nabias, Christopher L King
BACKGROUND: Transplacental transfer of maternal immunoglobulin G (IgG) to the fetus helps to protect against malaria and other infections in infancy. Recent studies have emphasized the important role of malaria-specific IgG3 in malaria immunity, and its transfer may reduce the risk of malaria in infancy. Human IgGs are actively transferred across the placenta by binding the neonatal Fc receptor (FcRn) expressed within the endosomes of the syncytiotrophoblastic membrane. Histidine at position 435 (H435) provides for optimal Fc-IgG binding...
October 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982358/the-cost-determinants-of-routine-infant-immunization-services-a-meta-regression-analysis-of-six-country-studies
#5
Nicolas A Menzies, Christian Suharlim, Fangli Geng, Zachary J Ward, Logan Brenzel, Stephen C Resch
BACKGROUND: Evidence on immunization costs is a critical input for cost-effectiveness analysis and budgeting, and can describe variation in site-level efficiency. The Expanded Program on Immunization Costing and Financing (EPIC) Project represents the largest investigation of immunization delivery costs, collecting empirical data on routine infant immunization in Benin, Ghana, Honduras, Moldova, Uganda, and Zambia. METHODS: We developed a pooled dataset from individual EPIC country studies (316 sites)...
October 6, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978700/deletion-of-the-african-swine-fever-virus-gene-dp148r-does-not-reduce-virus-replication-in-culture-but-reduces-virus-virulence-in-pigs-and-induces-high-levels-of-protection-against-challenge
#6
Ana L Reis, Lynnette C Goatley, Tamara Jabbar, Pedro J Sanchez-Cordon, Christopher L Netherton, Dave G Chapman, Linda K Dixon
Many of the approximately 165 proteins encoded by African swine fever virus do not have significant similarity to known proteins and have not been studied experimentally. One such protein is DP148R. We showed that the DP148R gene is transcribed at early times post-infection. Deletion of this gene did not reduce virus replication in macrophages showing that is not essential for replication in these cells. However deleting this gene from a virulent isolate, Benin 97/1, dramatically reduced the virulence of the virus in vivo All pigs infected with the BeninΔDP148R virus survived infection showing only transient mild clinical signs soon after immunisation...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977585/a-study-of-malaria-parasite-density-in-hiv-1-positive-under-fives-in-benin-city-nigeria
#7
Ikechukwu Okonkwo, Michael Ibadin, Wilson Sadoh, Austine Omoigberale
Background: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and malaria are leading causes of morbidity and mortality among under-fives in sub-Saharan Africa. HIV infection could affect development of antimalarial immunity by impaired parasite clearance with predisposition to higher malaria parasitaemia. Objective: The objective of this study is to assess asymptomatic malaria parasite density (AMPD) in HIV-1-infected under-fives in a holoendemic zone. Methods: HIV-1-positive and -negative children <5 years on follow-up care were recruited and AMPD and CD4 counts were determined...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967498/comparative-non-metric-and-morphometric-analyses-of-rats-at-residential-halls-of-the-university-of-benin-campus-nigeria
#8
E A Odigie, O K Ekeolu, O D Asemota, E A Uwagie-Ero, I T Aighewi, S U Ighedosa, S F Usifoh, B O Olugasa, O Asemota, T N E Fagboya
BACKGROUND: In mammals and across rat species, the variation in conformation is markedly observed in the head and the variation in the shape of the head is mostly determined by the shape of the skull. Hence comparative topographic analysis and morphometry is a veritable tool in precise categorization of peri-domestic rats and species identification. METHODS: Killed rodents around residential dwellings of students on campus were collected and measurements taken of external morphology...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955417/prescription-pattern-of-antihypertensive-medications-and-blood-pressure-control-among-hypertensive-outpatients-at-the-university-of-benin-teaching-hospital-in-benin-city-nigeria
#9
Oluseyi Adejumo, Enajite Okaka, Ikponmwosa Iyawe
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of hypertension and attendant cardiovascular disease burden is increasing globally. Auditing antihypertensive prescriptions and assessing patients with hypertension for blood pressure (BP) control are important steps on the path to reducing hypertension-related morbidity, mortality, and health expenditure. This study assessed the prescription pattern of antihypertensive medications and BP control among hypertensive outpatients at the University of Benin Teaching Hospital in Benin City, Nigeria...
June 2017: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949474/ineffective-healthcare-technology-management-in-benin-s-public-health-sector-the-perceptions-of-key-actors-and-their-ability-to-address-the-main-problems
#10
P Thierry Houngbo, Tjard De Cock Buning, Joske Bunders, Harry L S Coleman, Daton Medenou, Laurent Dakpanon, Marjolein Zweekhorst
BACKGROUND: Low-income countries face many contextual challenges to manage healthcare technologies effectively, as the majority are imported and resources are constrained to a greater extent. Previous healthcare technology management (HTM) policies in Benin have failed to produce better quality of care for the population and costeffectiveness for the government. This study aims to identify and assess the main problems facing HTM in Benin's public health sector, as well as the ability of key actors within the sector to address these problems...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947410/epidemiological-profile-of-patients-with-uveitis-in-boko-and-parakou-in-northern-b%C3%A3-nin
#11
K D Ayena, K Vonor, M A K Santos, I Sounouvou, L Odoulami-Yehouessi, J W Diallo, S Monteiro, Y E Nagbe, K Balo
To describe the epidemiology of uveitis in northern Bénin. This retrospective study carried out from records describing 10 years of uveitis care in 2 eye clinics in northern Bénin. The sample of 623 eyes with uveitis in 489 patients accounted for 1.0% of all consultations. A male predominance was observed with a sex-ratio of 1.5 (297 m/192 F). The patients' mean age was 35.7 ± 16.1 years, and the age range most often affected was 20-39 years. The uveitis was anterior in 32.3 %, posterior in 29.0 %, intermediate in 28...
August 1, 2017: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944419/brugada-syndrome-revealed-by-intestinal-shigellosis-in-a-patient-from-benin-at-the-university-hospital-of-saint-etienne
#12
Y T Aba, A Fresard, A Gagneux-Brunon, M F Lutz, C Cazorla, F Lucht, E Botelho-Nevers, E Bissagnene, A Da Costa
This paper is about a Brugada syndrome (BS) of accidental discovery in a patient from Benin during an intestinal shigellosis episode in the infectiology department of university hospital of Saint-Etienne, France. Authors establish a link between these two diseases. After a literature's review, they underline that BS is under-diagnosed in Africa. Furthermore, they highlight socio-cultural characteristics of sudden deaths in West Africa including BS.
October 2017: Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936804/pastoralists-in-a-changing-environment-the-competition-for-grazing-land-in-and-around-the-w-biosphere-reserve-benin-republic
#13
Charles Tamou, Raimon Ripoll-Bosch, Imke J M de Boer, Simon J Oosting
Pastoralists face increasing competition for land with crop farmers and nature in and around the W Biosphere Reserve (WBR) in Benin. Our aim was to describe and analyse land use changes in order to understand their drivers, and to describe and analyse the viewpoints of relevant stakeholders in order to understand the competition for land. To this end, remote sensing data, regional statistics, and survey data were collected. We found that crop land expansion around the WBR was the direct driver of decrease of the grazing land area...
September 21, 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933992/politics-and-palliative-care-benin
#14
Dion Smyth
Dion Smyth's review of palliative nursing on the internet.
September 2, 2017: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932250/evidences-of-the-low-implication-of-mosquitoes-in-the-transmission-of-mycobacterium-ulcerans-the-causative-agent-of-buruli-ulcer
#15
REVIEW
Rousseau Djouaka, Francis Zeukeng, Jude Daiga Bigoga, David N'golo Coulibaly, Genevieve Tchigossou, Romaric Akoton, Sylla Aboubacar, Sodjinin Jean-Eudes Tchebe, Clavella Nantcho Nguepdjo, Razack Adeoti, Innocent Djegbe, Manuele Tamo, Wilfred Fon Mbacham, Solange E Kakou-Ngazoa, Anthony Ablordey
BACKGROUND: Buruli ulcer (BU) continues to be a serious public health threat in wet tropical regions and the mode of transmission of its etiological agent, Mycobacterium ulcerans (MU), remains poorly understood. In this study, mosquito species collected in endemic villages in Benin were screened for the presence of MU. In addition, the ability of mosquitoes larvae to pick up MU from their environment and remain colonized through the larval developmental stages to the adult stage was investigated...
2017: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927465/relative-performance-of-indoor-vector-control-interventions-in-the-ifakara-and-the-west-african-experimental-huts
#16
Welbeck A Oumbouke, Augustin Fongnikin, Koffi B Soukou, Sarah J Moore, Raphael N'Guessan
BACKGROUND: West African and Ifakara experimental huts are used to evaluate indoor mosquito control interventions, including spatial repellents and insecticides. The two hut types differ in size and design, so a side-by-side comparison was performed to investigate the performance of indoor interventions in the two hut designs using standard entomological outcomes: relative indoor mosquito density (deterrence), exophily (induced exit), blood-feeding and mortality of mosquitoes. METHODS: Metofluthrin mosquito coils (0...
September 19, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904687/a-case-of-reccuring-giant-condyloma-of-vulva-in-infant-without-sexual-abuse-successfully-treated-with-electrocoagulation-in-benin
#17
Fabrice Akpadjan, Hugues Adégbidi, Cossi Angelo Attinsounon, Christiane Koudoukpo, Bérénice Dégboé, Nadège Agbessi, Félix Atadokpèdé
We report here a case of giant vulval condyloma in a two-year-old infant infected by her "baby sitter" without sexual abuse. Treated by surgical excision coupled with electrocoagulation, it was noted a rapid recurrence two weeks after treatment requiring a second electrocoagulation session. More than a year later, no lesion was noted, thus demonstrating therapeutic success. The unavailability of imiquimod in our context requires a systematic use of invasive treatment regardless of the age of the patient.
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887701/morphological-and-molecular-identification-of-rhipicephalus-boophilus-microplus-in-nigeria-west-africa-a-threat-to-livestock-health
#18
J Kamani, D A Apanaskevich, R Gutiérrez, Y Nachum-Biala, G Baneth, S Harrus
The cattle tick Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus was first reported in West Africa in Ivory Coast, in 2007. Since then it has made an aggressive eastward advancement having been reported in four other West African countries: Mali, Burkina Faso, Togo and Benin. We herein report the first molecular identification of this tick species in Nigeria, West Africa, and highlight the threat it poses to livestock health. A nation-wide tick survey was conducted in 12 out of 36 states across the various agro ecological zones of Nigeria over a 1 year period (April 2014-March 2015)...
September 8, 2017: Experimental & Applied Acarology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878871/a-behavioral-and-serological-survey-on-hiv-prevalence-among-prisoners-in-benin
#19
S Hessou, V Dougnon, Y Glele-Ahanhanzo, B C A Imorou, C Ahoussinou, B Legba, D M Zannou, L Baba-Moussa
Cases of HIV are common in Benin, with infection rates varying according to socioeconomic and cultural factors, and by region. Certain segments of the population, such as prison inmates, sex worker clients and truck drivers are at high risk for HIV/AIDS. The aim of this study is to identify which behavioral and serological indicators contribute to the spread of HIV among prisoners. A total of 496 inmates from prisons located in all major cities in Benin were surveyed. Data was collected through interview sessions carried out using a questionnaire and through blood samples...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870478/validity-of-equations-using-knee-height-to-predict-overall-height-among-older-people-in-benin
#20
Pierre Jésus, Carmelle Mizéhoun-Adissoda, Dismand Houinato, Pierre-Marie Preux, Philippe Fayemendy, Jean-Claude Desport
OBJECTIVES: Chumlea's formulas are a validated means of predicting overall height from knee height (KH) among people >60 y of age, but, to our knowledge, no formula is validated for use in African countries, including Benin. The aim of this study was to compare height provided by predictive formulas using KH to measured height in an elderly population in Benin. METHODS: Individuals >60 y of age in Benin underwent nutritional assessment with determination of weight, body mass index (BMI), height, and KH...
October 2017: Nutrition
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