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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090412/development-characterization-and-cross-amplification-of-microsatellite-markers-in-the-understudied-african-genus-anthonotha-fabaceae
#1
Boris B Demenou, Olivier J Hardy
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Anthonotha macrophylla (Fabaceae) is a common tree species throughout the Guineo-Congolian forest that is sometimes confounded with other congeneric species; it is expected to be an interesting phylogeographical model to infer the history of the African dense forests. We developed 18 microsatellite markers from this species and tested their transferability in 15 congeneric species. METHODS AND RESULTS: A genomic library was obtained using the Illumina platform, and 18 polymorphic microsatellite loci were developed...
January 2017: Applications in Plant Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087492/multi-antibiotic-resistant-and-putative-virulence-gene-signatures-in-enterococcus-species-isolated-from-pig-farms-environment
#2
Abeni Beshiru, Isoken H Igbinosa, Faith I Omeje, Abraham G Ogofure, Martin M Eyong, Etinosa O Igbinosa
The continuous misuse of antimicrobials in food animals both orally and subcutaneously as therapeutic and prophylactic agents to bacterial infections could be detrimental and contribute to the dissemination of resistant clones in livestock production. The present study was carried out to determine the antibiogram and virulence gene characteristics of Enterococcus species from pig farms. A total of 300 faecal samples were obtained from two pig farms in Benin City between February and July, 2016. Standard culture-based and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay were adopted in the detection and characterization of the Enterococcus species...
January 10, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073720/children-healh-care-and-pediatrics-in-west-africa-enspedia-research-action-project-to-help-improve-the-quality-of-care-in-pediatrics-departments-in-west-africa-benin-burkina-faso-guinea-mali-mauritania-niger-senegal-and-togo
#3
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073713/the-french-muskoka%C3%A2-fund-origin-objectives-and-implementation
#4
S Aboubaker, C Grimaldi
Through its Priority Solidarity Fund, France set up a partnership with four United Nations agencies, WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, and UN WOMEN for the years 2011-2015 with an annual budget of 19 M €. An additional sixth year supplementary is underway. The program was developed through a common framework of actions coordinated and harmonized at the level of the target countries: integrated management of childhood diseases, mother-child nutrition, prenatal, perinatal, and postpartum follow-up, sexual and reproductive health, and adolescent health...
November 1, 2016: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067108/an-assessment-of-host-associations-geographic-distributions-and-genetic-diversity-of-avian-chewing-lice-insecta-phthiraptera-from-benin
#5
Oona M Takano, Preston S Mitchell, Daniel R Gustafsson, Alphonse Adite, Gary Voelker, Jessica E Light
Host associations of highly host-specific chewing lice (Insecta: Phthiraptera) across multiple avian species remains fairly undocumented in the West African country of Benin. Two hundred and seventeen bird specimens collected from multiple localities across Benin and housed at the Texas A&M University Biodiversity Research and Teaching Collections were examined for lice. Lice were identified and genetic data (mitochondrial COI and nuclear EF-1α genes) were obtained and phylogenetically analyzed. In total, we found 15 host associations, 7 of which were new to science...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056098/a-model-for-good-governance-of-healthcare-technology-management-in-the-public-sector-learning-from-evidence-informed-policy-development-and-implementation-in-benin
#6
P Th Houngbo, H L S Coleman, M Zweekhorst, Tj De Cock Buning, D Medenou, J F G Bunders
Good governance (GG) is an important concept that has evolved as a set of normative principles for low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) to strengthen the functional capacity of their public bodies, and as a conditional prerequisite to receive donor funding. Although much is written on good governance, very little is known on how to implement it. This paper documents the process of developing a strategy to implement a GG model for Health Technology Management (HTM) in the public health sector, based on lessons learned from twenty years of experience in policy development and implementation in Benin...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040485/ecological-characteristics-of-simulium-breeding-sites-in-west-africa
#7
Robert A Cheke, Stephen Young, Rolf Garms
Twenty-nine taxa of Simulium were identified amongst 527 collections of larvae and pupae from untreated rivers and streams in Liberia (362 collections in 1967-71 & 1989), Togo (125 in 1979-81), Benin (35 in 1979-81) and Ghana (5 in 1980-81). Presence or absence of associations between different taxa were used to group them into six clusters using Ward agglomerative hierarchical cluster analysis. Environmental data associated with the pre-imaginal habitats were then analysed in relation to the six clusters by one way ANOVA...
December 28, 2016: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003571/identification-of-%C3%AE-globin-haplotypes-linked-to-sickle-hemoglobin-hb-s-alleles-in-mazandaran-province-iran
#8
Faeghe Aghajani, Mohammad Reza Mahdavi, Mehrnoush Kosaryan, Mehrad Mahdavi, Mohaddese Hamidi, Hossein Jalali
Carrier frequency of the β(S) allele has been reported to be 0.19% in Mazandaran province, northern Iran. Haplotype analysis of the β(S) allele helps trace the origin of its encoded hemoglobin (Hb) variant, Hb S, in a region. The aim of this study was to investigate the haplotypes associated with β(S) alleles in Mazandaran province. Capillary electrophoresis was carried out to detect individuals suspected to have a βS allele(s). DNA analysis (PCR-RFLP) was used for final confirmation. To identify 5\' to 3\' β-globin gene cluster haplotypes associated with β(S) alleles, family linkage analysis was applied...
December 21, 2016: Genes & Genetic Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988638/revision-of-the-south-american-genus-i-tetragonopterus-i-cuvier-1816-teleostei-characidae-with-description-of-four-new-species
#9
Gabriel S C Silva, Bruno F Melo, Claudio Oliveira, Ricardo C Benine
The systematics of the characid genus Tetragonopterus is reviewed based on morphological and molecular data of specimens from its entire geographical range encompassing all major South American river drainages from Orinoco basin southward to the La Plata basin. Eight previously described species (T. anostomus, T. araguaiensis, T. argenteus, T. carvalhoi, T. chalceus, T. denticulatus, T. georgiae n. comb., and T. rarus) are recognized as valid, four of which are redescribed (T. argenteus, T. chalceus, T. georgiae, and T...
November 27, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940685/prenatal-iron-deficiency-neonatal-ferritin-and-infant-cognitive-function
#10
Michael O Mireku, Leslie L Davidson, Michael J Boivin, Romeo Zoumenou, Achille Massougbodji, Michel Cot, Florence Bodeau-Livinec
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of prenatal maternal iron deficiency (ID) on cord blood serum ferritin (CBSF) concentration and infant cognitive and motor development. METHODS: Our prospective cohort study included 636 mother-singleton child pairs from 828 eligible pregnant women who were enrolled during their first antenatal care (ANC) visit in Allada, Benin, into a clinical trial comparing the efficacy of mefloquine and sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine. Venous blood samples of women were assessed for ferritin and hemoglobin concentrations at the first and second ANC visits (occurring at least 1-month apart) and at delivery...
December 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928087/operational-assessment-of-long-lasting-insecticidal-nets-by-using-an-anopheles-salivary-biomarker-of-human-vector-contact
#11
Mahoutin H Noukpo, Georgia B Damien, Emmanuel Elanga-N'Dille, André B Sagna, Papa M Drame, Evelyne Chaffa, Olayidé Boussari, Vincent Corbel, Martin Akogbéto, Franck Remoue
The widespread implementation of long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) is a major intervention method for malaria control. Although the LLINs coverage increases, information available on the physical integrity (PI) of implemented LLINs is incomplete. This study aimed to validate human IgG antibody (Ab) response to Anopheles gSG6-P1 salivary peptide antigen, previously demonstrated as a pertinent biomarker of human exposure to Anopheles bites, for evaluating the PI of LLINs in field conditions. We analyzed data from 262 randomly selected children (< 5 years of age) in health districts of Benin...
December 7, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923358/acthaside-a-new-chromone-derivative-from-acacia-ataxacantha-and-its-biological-activities
#12
Abdou Madjid O Amoussa, Mélanie Bourjot, Latifou Lagnika, Catherine Vonthron-Sénécheau, Ambaliou Sanni
BACKGROUND: Acacia ataxacantha (Fabaceae), used in traditional medicine grows in the South-West of Bénin. Ethyl acetate extract of the barks of this species was previously reported to display various bioactivities, including antibacterial, antifungal and antioxidant activities. In the present study, we investigate the antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of compound isolated from ethyl acetate extract of Acacia ataxacantha. METHODS: Purification, isolation and structural identification of isolated compound were done using various chromatographic and spectroscopic methods...
December 7, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916720/the-direct-cost-of-treatment-of-traumatic-brain-injury-in-a-sub-saharan-african-country-benin
#13
Luphin Hode, Soumaïla Madougou, Holden Fatigba, Phileas Hounnou, Karl Ebassa, Akué Aristote Hans Moevi, Pamphile Assouto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908548/dietary-sodium-and-potassium-intakes-data-from-urban-and-rural-areas
#14
Carmelle Mizéhoun-Adissoda, Dismand Houinato, Corine Houehanou, Thierry Chianea, François Dalmay, André Bigot, Victor Aboyans, Pierre-Marie Preux, Pascal Bovet, Jean-Claude Desport
OBJECTIVES: Hypertension is highly prevalent in West African populations, but little data is available on salt and potassium intake in these populations. We assumed in this study that sodium and potassium intake might be high and low, respectively, in the Beninese population in view of the emerging nutritional transition. The aim of this study was to estimate dietary sodium and potassium intakes based on 24-h urine collections. METHODS: We selected 420 individuals (ages 25-64 y), representative of the population, from urban and rural areas in Benin...
January 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895268/credit-with-health-education-in-benin-a-cluster-randomized-trial-examining-impacts-on-knowledge-and-behavior
#15
Dean Karlan, Bram Thuysbaert, Bobbi Gray
We evaluate whether health education integrated into microcredit lending groups reduces health risks by improving health knowledge and self-reported behaviors among urban and rural borrowers in eastern Benin. In 2007, we randomly assigned 138 villages in the Plateau region of Benin to one of four variations of a group liability credit product, varying lending groups' gender composition and/or inclusion of health education using a 2 × 2 design. Women in villages receiving health education, regardless of gender composition of the groups, showed improved knowledge of malaria and of human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS), but not of childhood illness danger signs...
November 28, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889851/effect-of-cow-colostrum-on-the-performance-and-survival-rate-of-local-newborn-piglets-in-benin-republic
#16
Aristide Mahoutin Agbokounou, Gbênangnon Serge Ahounou, Issaka Youssao Abdou Karim, Guy Apollinaire Mensah, Bénoît Koutinhouin, Jean-Luc Hornick
The effect of bovine colostrum, including its thermally labile compounds, on the survival and growth performance of local breed piglets reared by their mother, in Benin, was evaluated over a 49-day trial. Three groups of 16 piglets, stemming from two primiparous sows belonging to a unique traditional farm, were respectively fed for the first 48 h of life with either bovine colostrum heated to 85 °C for 30 min, or thawed bovine colostrum, or colostrum from the mother. Thereafter, the animals that received bovine colostrum turned back to their mother...
November 26, 2016: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887647/the-hide-and-seek-of-plasmodium-vivax-in-west-africa-report-from-a-large-scale-study-in-beninese-asymptomatic-subjects
#17
Philippe Poirier, Cécile Doderer-Lang, Pascal S Atchade, Jean-Philippe Lemoine, Marie-Louise Coquelin de l'Isle, Ahmed Abou-Bacar, Alexander W Pfaff, Julie Brunet, Lydia Arnoux, Elodie Haar, Denis Filisetti, Sylvie Perrotey, Nicodeme W Chabi, Casimir D Akpovi, Ludovic Anani, André Bigot, Ambaliou Sanni, Ermanno Candolfi
BACKGROUND: Plasmodium vivax is considered to be absent from western Africa, where the prevalence of Duffy-negative red blood cell phenotype proves to be high. Several studies have, however, detected P. vivax infection cases in this part of Africa, raising the question of what is the actual prevalence of P. vivax in local populations. METHODS: The presence of P. vivax was investigated in a large population of healthy blood donors in Benin using microscopy, serology and molecular detection...
November 25, 2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884199/a-bibliometric-analysis-of-literature-on-malaria-vector-resistance-1996-2015
#18
Waleed M Sweileh, Ansam F Sawalha, Samah W Al-Jabi, Sa'ed H Zyoud, Naser Y Shraim, Adham S Abu-Taha
BACKGROUND: Emergence of insecticide resistance in malaria vectors is a real threat to future goals of elimination and control of malaria. Therefore, the objective of this study was to assess research trend on insecticide resistance of Anopheles mosquito. In specific, number of publications, countries, institutions, and authors' research profile, citation analysis, international collaborations, and impact of journals publishing documents on insecticide resistance will be presented. It was conducted via Scopus search engine which was used to retrieve relevant data...
November 25, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881208/the-west-africa-disaster-preparedness-initiative-strengthening-national-capacities-for-all-hazards-disaster-preparedness
#19
Melinda J Morton Hamer, Paul L Reed, Jane D Greulich, Gabor D Kelen, Nicole A Bradstreet, Charles W Beadling
OBJECTIVE: The Ebola outbreak demonstrated the need for improved disaster response throughout West Africa. The West Africa Disaster Preparedness Initiative was a training and assessment effort led by US Africa Command and partners to strengthen capacities among 12 West African partner nations (PNs). METHODS: Series of 3-week training sessions with representatives from each PN were held from 13 July through 20 November 2015 at the Kofi Annan International Peacekeeping Training Centre in Accra, Ghana...
November 24, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878534/gender-specific-responses-to-climate-variability-in-a-semi-arid-ecosystem-in-northern-benin
#20
Afiavi P Dah-Gbeto, Grace B Villamor
Highly erratic rainfall patterns in northern Benin complicate the ability of rural farmers to engage in subsistence agriculture. This research explores gender-specific responses to climate variability in the context of agrarian Benin through a household survey (n = 260) and an experimental gaming exercise among a subset of the survey respondents. Although men and women from the sample population are equally aware of climate variability and share similar coping strategies, their specific land-use strategies, preferences, and motivations are distinct...
December 2016: Ambio
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