keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Benin

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225957/limited-sterile-processing-capabilities-for-safe-surgery-in-low-income-and-middle-income-countries-experience-in-the-republic-of-congo-madagascar-and-benin
#1
REVIEW
Olive Fast, Christina Fast, Dan Fast, Suzanne Veltjens, Zouliha Salami, Michelle C White
It is highly difficult to perform safe surgery without sterile instruments, yet the capacity to adequately clean, disinfect and sterilise surgical instruments in low-income and middle-income countries is largely unknown. Sterile Processing Education Charitable Trust developed an assessment tool and, in partnership with Mercy Ships, evaluated the sterile processing capacity in 59 facilities in Madagascar, Benin and the Republic of Congo. This data-driven analysis paper illustrates how lack of sterile processing capacity acts as a barrier to safe surgical care...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218577/street-foods-exacerbate-effects-of-the-environmental-burden-of-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-pahs-in-nigeria
#2
Osazuwa Clinton Ekhator, Nnaemeka Arinze Udowelle, Sorbari Igbiri, Rose Ngozi Asomugha, Chiara Frazzoli, Orish Ebere Orisakwe
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are a large group of well-known toxicants with carcinogenic potential and other health effects including on the immune system. The high health risks of non-communicable diseases and relevant comorbidities in Africa, particularly in contaminated areas like e-waste and crude oil and gas exploration areas and for high consumers of food commodity groupings which are most critical for PAH exposure, are exacerbated by dietary exposure due to unsafe practices in commonly consumed foods, like those street vended...
December 7, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187248/operational-research-within-the-national-tuberculosis-control-programme-in-benin
#3
Serge Ade, Dissou Affolabi, Mênonli Adjobimey, Gabriel Ade, Sévérin Anagonou, Ajay M V Kumar, Anthony D Harries
OBJECTIVE: To document whether the placement of operational research (OR) fellows within disease control programmes in low and middle income countries leads to the implementation of operational research and improvements in policy and practice. RESULT: In 2012, an OR fellow was placed within the National TB Programme, Benin, to strengthen the implementation of operational research. From 2012 to 2015, eight OR projects were implemented, of which three contributed to changes in programme practice and five provided information which was not previously available from quarterly/annual reports...
November 29, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178909/functional-diversity-of-home-gardens-and-their-agrobiodiversity-conservation-benefits-in-benin-west-africa
#4
Rodrigue Castro Gbedomon, Valère Kolawolé Salako, Adandé Belarmain Fandohan, Alix Frank Rodrigue Idohou, Romain Glèlè Kakaї, Achille Ephrem Assogbadjo
BACKGROUND: Understanding the functional diversity of home gardens and their socio-ecological determinants is essential for mainstreaming these agroforestry practices into agrobiodiversity conservation strategies. This paper analyzed functional diversity of home gardens, identified the socio-ecological drivers of functions assigned to them, and assessed the agrobiodiversity benefits of home gardens functions. METHODS: Using data on occurring species in home garden (HG) and functions assigned to each species by the gardeners, the study combined clustering and discriminant canonical analyses to explore the functional diversity of 360 home gardens in Benin, West Africa...
November 25, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157286/farmers-perception-of-termites-in-agriculture-production-and-their-indigenous-utilization-in-northwest-benin
#5
Laura Estelle Yêyinou Loko, Azize Orobiyi, Paterne Agre, Alexandre Dansi, Manuele Tamò, Yves Roisin
BACKGROUND: Although termites are considered as agricultural pests, they play an important role in maintaining the ecosystem. Therefore, it matters to investigate the farmers' perception of the impacts of the termites on the agriculture and their indigenous utilization. METHODS: A semi-structured questionnaire was used to interview 94 farmers through 10 villages of Atacora department, in the northwestern region of Benin, to obtain information for the development of successful strategies of termite management and conservation...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157167/%C3%AE-s-globin-gene-haplotype-and-the-stroke-risk-among-egyptian-children-with-sickle-cell-disease
#6
Heba H Abou-Elew, Ilham Youssry, Shireen Hefny, Rania H Hashem, Nevine Fouad, Rania A Zayed
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF WORK: Sickle cell disease (SCD) is an inherited disease of the beta globin gene. The βS globin gene haplotypes are Senegal, Benin, Bantu, Cameroon, Arab-Indian and atypical haplotypes. In SCD, stroke is a life-threatening event in both adults and children. In light of paucity of studies on βS globin gene haplotypes in Egypt, we aimed to determine βS globin gene haplotypes in children with SCD and study their impact on stroke risk. METHODS: Fifty-two SCD patients were included in the study, they were 26 males and 26 females with age range from 3 to 18 years old...
November 20, 2017: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155668/responding-to-communicable-diseases-in-internationally-mobile-populations-at-points-of-entry-and-along-porous-borders-nigeria-benin-and-togo
#7
Rebecca D Merrill, Kimberly Rogers, Sarah Ward, Olubumni Ojo, Clement Glele Kakaī, Tamekloe Tsidi Agbeko, Hassan Garba, Amanda MacGurn, Marydale Oppert, Idrissa Kone, Olutola Bamsa, Dana Schneider, Clive Brown
Recent multinational disease outbreaks demonstrate the risk of disease spreading globally before public health systems can respond to an event. To ensure global health security, countries need robust multisectoral systems to rapidly detect and respond to domestic or imported communicable diseases. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention International Border Team works with the governments of Nigeria, Togo, and Benin, along with Pro-Health International and the Abidjan-Lagos Corridor Organization, to build sustainable International Health Regulations capacities at points of entry (POEs) and along border regions...
December 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152206/global-population-structure-and-adaptive-evolution-of-aflatoxin-producing-fungi
#8
Geromy G Moore, Rodrigo A Olarte, Bruce W Horn, Jacalyn L Elliott, Rakhi Singh, Carolyn J O'Neal, Ignazio Carbone
Aflatoxins produced by several species in Aspergillus section Flavi are a significant problem in agriculture and a continuous threat to human health. To provide insights into the biology and global population structure of species in section Flavi, a total of 1,304 isolates were sampled across six species (A. flavus, A. parasiticus, A. nomius, A. caelatus, A. tamarii, and A. alliaceus) from single fields in major peanut-growing regions in Georgia (USA), Australia, Argentina, India, and Benin (Africa). We inferred maximum-likelihood phylogenies for six loci, both combined and separately, including two aflatoxin cluster regions (aflM/alfN and aflW/aflX) and four noncluster regions (amdS, trpC, mfs and MAT), to examine population structure and history...
November 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148381/unexpected-infection-with-armillifer-parasites
#9
Idzi Potters, Claude Desaive, Steven Van Den Broucke, Marjan Van Esbroeck, Lutgarde Lynen
Visceral pentastomiasis is usually found incidentally during surgery. We describe a case of visceral pentastomiasis discovered during inguinoscrotal hernia surgery for a man from Benin, Africa. Because surgical removal of nymphs is needed for symptomatic patients only, this patient's asymptomatic pentastomiasis was not treated and he recovered from surgery uneventfully.
December 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143625/trends-in-hepatitis-b-virus-testing-practices-and-management-in-hiv-clinics-across-sub-saharan-africa
#10
REVIEW
Patrick A Coffie, Matthias Egger, Michael J Vinikoor, Marcel Zannou, Lameck Diero, Akouda Patassi, Mark H Kuniholm, Moussa Seydi, Guillaume Bado, Ponsiano Ocama, Monique I Andersson, Eugène Messou, Albert Minga, Philippa Easterbrook, Kathryn Anastos, François Dabis, Gilles Wandeler
BACKGROUND: Approximately 8% of HIV-infected individuals are co-infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV) in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Knowledge of HBV status is important to guide optimal selection of antiretroviral therapy (ART) and monitor/prevent liver-related complications. We describe changes in testing practices and management of HBV infection over a 3-year period in HIV clinics across SSA. METHODS: A medical chart review was conducted in large urban HIV treatment centers in Côte d'Ivoire (3 sites), Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Kenya, Senegal, South Africa, Togo, Uganda and Zambia (1 site each)...
November 1, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124371/rare-earth-and-precious-elements-in-the-urban-sewage-sludge-and-lake-surface-sediments-under-anthropogenic-influence-in-the-republic-of-benin
#11
Arouna Yessoufou, Binessi Edouard Ifon, Fidèle Suanon, Biaou Dimon, Qian Sun, Comlan Achille Dedjiho, Daouda Mama, Chang-Ping Yu
Nowadays, sewage sludge and water bodies are subjected to heavy pollution due to rapid population growth and urbanization. Heavy metal pollution represents one of the main challenges threatening our environment and the ecosystem. The present work aims to evaluate the contamination state of the sewage sludge and lake sediments in the Republic of Benin. Twenty metallic elements including 15 rare earth elements (Eu, Sb, Cs, Nd, Pr, Gd, La, Ce, Tb, Sm, Dy, Ho, Eu, Yb, and Lu) and five precious elements (Ag, Au, Pd, Pt, and Ru) were investigated using inductive plasma-mass spectrometry...
November 9, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107891/elevated-blood-pressure-and-household-solid-fuel-use-in-premenopausal-women-analysis-of-12-demographic-and-health-surveys-dhs-from-10-countries
#12
Raphael E Arku, Majid Ezzati, Jill Baumgartner, Günther Fink, Bin Zhou, Perry Hystad, Michael Brauer
BACKGROUND: Approximately three billion people are exposed to household air pollution (HAP) from solid fuel cookstoves. Studies from single settings have linked HAP with elevated blood pressure (BP), but no evidence exists from multi-country analyses. OBJECTIVES: Using nationally representative and internationally comparable data, we examined the association between solid fuel use and BP in 77,605 largely premenopausal women (aged 15-49) from ten resource-poor countries...
November 5, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104024/abortion-in-two-francophone-african-countries-a-study-of-whether-women-have-begun-to-use-misoprostol-in-benin-and-burkina-faso
#13
Carine Baxerres, Ines Boko, Adjara Konkobo, Fatoumata Ouattara, Agnès Guillaume
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to document the means women use to obtain abortions in the capital cities of Benin and Burkina Faso, and to learn whether or not use of misoprostol has become an alternative to other methods of abortion, and the implications for future practice. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted in-depth, qualitative interviews between 2014 and 2015 with 34 women - 21 women in Cotonou (Benin) and 13 women in Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso) - about their pathways to abortion...
November 3, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100086/genome-wide-ancestry-and-demographic-history-of-african-descendant-maroon-communities-from-french-guiana-and-suriname
#14
Cesar Fortes-Lima, Antoine Gessain, Andres Ruiz-Linares, Maria-Cátira Bortolini, Florence Migot-Nabias, Gil Bellis, J Víctor Moreno-Mayar, Berta Nelly Restrepo, Winston Rojas, Efren Avendaño-Tamayo, Gabriel Bedoya, Ludovic Orlando, Antonio Salas, Agnar Helgason, M Thomas P Gilbert, Martin Sikora, Hannes Schroeder, Jean-Michel Dugoujon
The transatlantic slave trade was the largest forced migration in world history. However, the origins of the enslaved Africans and their admixture dynamics remain unclear. To investigate the demographic history of African-descendant Marron populations, we generated genome-wide data (4.3 million markers) from 107 individuals from three African-descendant populations in South America, as well as 124 individuals from six west African populations. Throughout the Americas, thousands of enslaved Africans managed to escape captivity and establish lasting communities, such as the Noir Marron...
November 2, 2017: American Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082307/physicochemical-characterization-and-polyphenolic-content-of-beninese-honeys
#15
Sênan Christa Lokossou, Fidèle Paul Tchobo, Hounnankpon Yédomonhan, Mohamed Mansourou Soumanou
The physicochemical and phytochemical analyses of honeys (n = 50) from Sudanese, Sudano-Guinean, and Guinean areas of Benin were investigated. Results showed that dark amber is the dominant color. Moisture content ranged from 15.50% to 23.50%, and 72% of honeys respected the Codex Alimentarius recommendation. pH varied between 2.87 and 6.15, and free acidity ranged from 9.00 to 39.00 meq/kg. Electrical conductivity varied from 0.37 to 1.43 mS/cm. The content in fructose varied from 21.67% to 94.21%, and proline content ranged between 306...
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079606/prevalence-and-time-trends-in-overweight-and-obesity-among-urban-women-an-analysis-of-demographic-and-health-surveys-data-from-24-african-countries-1991-2014
#16
Dickson Abanimi Amugsi, Zacharie T Dimbuene, Blessing Mberu, Stella Muthuri, Alex C Ezeh
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence and trends in overweight and obesity among non-pregnant urban women in Africa over the past two and a half decades. DESIGN: Cross-sectional surveys conducted between 1991 and 2014. SETTINGS: Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS), repeated cross-sectional data collected in 24 African countries. PARTICIPANTS: Adult non-pregnant women aged 15-49 years. The earlier DHS collected anthropometric data on only those women who had children aged 0-5 years...
October 27, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071057/sociodemographic-lifestyle-and-therapeutic-predictors-of-2-year-survival-in-hiv-infected-persons-receiving-antiretroviral-therapy-in-benin
#17
Charles Sossa Jerome, Maurice Agonnoudé, Ghislain Emmanuel Sopoh, Ali Imorou Bah-Chabi, Amédée de Souza, Moussa Bachabi, Gratien Gbetowenonmon, Victoire Agueh, Edgard-Marius Ouendo, Laurent Ouédraogo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027260/determinants-of-bed-net-policy-implementation-a-case-study-of-southern-benin
#18
Georges Danhoundo, Mary E Wiktorowicz, Shahirose Sadrudin Premji, Khalidha Nasiri
BACKGROUND: Malaria is a major global health challenge. This study aims to clarify the manner in which contextual factors determine the use and maintenance of bed nets and the extent to which malaria prevention policy is responsive to them in Southern Benin. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews and direct observations were undertaken with 30 pregnant women in the municipality of So-Ava from June to August 2015. Key informants in the Ministry of Health and local community health workers were also interviewed regarding malaria prevention policy formation, and the monitoring and evaluation of bed net interventions, respectively...
October 13, 2017: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026968/clinical-outcome-social-impact-and-patient-expectation-a-purposive-sampling-pilot-evaluation-of-patients-in-benin-seven-years-after-surgery
#19
Michelle C White, Kirsten Randall, Esther Avara, Jenny Mullis, Gary Parker, Mark G Shrime
BACKGROUND: Access to affordable and timely surgery is not equitable around the world. Five billion people lack access, and while non-governmental organizations (NGOs) help to meet this need, long-term surgical outcomes, social impact or patient experience is rarely reported. METHOD: In 2016, Mercy Ships, a surgical NGO, undertook an evaluation of patients who had received surgery seven years earlier with Mercy Ships in 2009 in Benin. Using purposive sampling, patients who had received maxillofacial, plastics or orthopedic surgery were invited to attend a surgical evaluation day...
October 12, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023051/nutritional-properties-assessment-of-endogenous-and-improved-varieties-of-maize-zea-mays-l-grown-in-southern-benin
#20
Semassa Adjobignon Josiane, Anihouvi Victor Bienvenu, Padonou Segla Wilfried, Adjanohoun Adolphe, Aly Djima, Gbenou Joachin, Baba-Moussa Lamine
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: A wide range of maize varieties is used in Benin but information on the nutritional characteristics of these varieties are not well known. This study aims to assess the nutritional composition of maize varieties in use in the southern region of Benin with the purpose of providing consumers accurate information for better choice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Moisture, ash, protein, fiber and fat contents were determined according to Association of Official Analytical Chemists and American Association of Cereal Chemists methods...
2017: Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences: PJBS
keyword
keyword
29825
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"