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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210845/whipworm-diversity-in-west-african-rodents-a-molecular-approach-and-the-description-of-trichuris-duplantieri-n-sp-nematoda-trichuridae
#1
Alexis Ribas, Christophe Diagne, Caroline Tatard, Mamoudou Diallo, Srisupaph Poonlaphdecha, Carine Brouat
Whipworms were collected from rodents (Muridae) from six West African countries: Burkina-Faso, the Islamic Republic of Mauritania, and the Republics of Benin, Guinea, Mali and Senegal. Molecular sequences (ITS-1, 5.8S and ITS-2 of the ribosomal DNA gene) and morphometric characters were analysed in Trichuris (Nematoda: Trichuridae) specimens found in seven host species: Arvicanthis niloticus, Gerbilliscus gambianus, Gerbillus gerbillus, G. tarabuli, Mastomys erythroleucus, M. huberti and M. natalensis. Phylogenetic analyses revealed three clades, one recognised as Trichuris mastomysi, previously recorded in M...
February 16, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205221/bight-of-benin-a-maternal-perspective-of-four-beninese-populations-and-their-genetic-implications-on-the-american-populations-of-african-ancestry
#2
Giuseppina Primativo, Claudio Ottoni, Gianfranco Biondi, Sara Serafino, Cristina Martínez-Labarga, Maarten H D Larmuseau, Michele Scardi, Ronny Decorte, Olga Rickards
The understanding of the first movements of the ancestral populations within the African continent is still unclear, particularly in West Africa, due to several factors that have shaped the African genetic pool across time. To improve the genetic representativeness of the Beninese population and to better understand the patterns of human settlement inside West Africa and the dynamics of peopling of the Democratic Republic of Benin, we analyzed the maternal genetic variation of 193 Beninese individuals belonging to Bariba, Berba, Dendi, and Fon populations...
March 2017: Annals of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202024/who-cone-bio-assays-of-classical-and-new-generation-long-lasting-insecticidal-nets-call-for-innovative-insecticides-targeting-the-knock-down-resistance-mechanism-in-benin
#3
Marius Allossogbe, Virgile Gnanguenon, Boulais Yovogan, Bruno Akinro, Rodrigue Anagonou, Fiacre Agossa, André Houtoukpe, Germain Gil Padonou, Martin Akogbeto
BACKGROUND: To increase the effectiveness of insecticide-treated nets (ITN) in areas of high resistance, new long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) called new-generation nets have been developed. These nets are treated with the piperonyl butoxide (PBO) synergist which inhibit the action of detoxification enzymes. The effectiveness of the new-generation nets has been proven in some studies, but their specific effect on mosquitoes carrying detoxification enzymes and those carrying both detoxification enzymes and the knock-down resistance gene in Benin is not well known...
February 15, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197207/maize-fungal-growth-control-with-scopoletin-of-cassava-roots-produced-in-benin
#4
Rafiatou Ba, Teou Alfa, Fernand Gbaguidi, Kosi Mawuéna Novidzro, Kokouvi Dotse, Koffi Koudouvo, Ursula Houngue, Marcel T Donou Hounsode, Kossi Honoré Koumaglo, Yaovi Ameyapoh, Lamine Baba-Moussa
The chemical contamination of food is among the main public health issues in developing countries. With a view to find new natural bioactive products against fungi responsible for chemical contamination of staple food such as maize, the antifungal activity tests of scopoletin extracted from different components of the cassava root produced in Benin were carried out. The dosage of scopoletin from parts of the root (first skin, second skin, whole root, and flesh) was done by High Performance Liquid Chromatography...
2017: International Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191507/mapping-the-distribution-of-anopheles-funestus-across-benin-highlights-a-sharp-contrast-of-susceptibility-to-insecticides-and-infection-rate-to-plasmodium-between-southern-and-northern-populations
#5
Rousseau Djouaka, Romaric Akoton, Genevieve M Tchigossou, Seun M Atoyebi, Helen Irving, Michael O Kusimo, Innocent Djegbe, Jacob M Riveron, Eric Tossou, Akadiri Yessoufou, Charles S Wondji
Background. Malaria remains an important public health issue in Benin, with Anopheles gambiae s.l. and Anopheles funestus s.s being the predominant vectors. This study was designed to generate information on An. funestus distribution, molecular speciation, Plasmodium infection rate and insecticide susceptibility status across Benin. Methods. Mosquito samples were collected from December 2014 to January 2016 in 46 localities in Benin. These samples were mapped and An. funestus collected were speciated to the molecular level...
December 14, 2016: Wellcome Open Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187629/review-of-the-genus-i-lanchnophorus-i-hemiptera-heteroptera-rhyparochromidae-with-description-of-three-new-species-and-other-nomenclatural-changes
#6
Petr Kment, Attilio Carapezza, Zdeněk Jindra, Előd Kondorosy
The generic name Lanchnophorus Reuter, 1887, deemed for a long time to be unavailable as incorrect original spelling of Lachnophorus (in fact Lachnophorus Distant, 1903 is an unjustified emendation of the former), is restored as a valid name of the genus. Lachnesthus Bergroth, 1915, syn. nov. (new name for the preoccupied Lachnophorus Distant, 1903) is considered junior synonym of Lanchnophorus. The following nomenclatural changes are proposed: Lanchnophorus flavus (Scudder, 1971) comb. nov. = Lachnesthus chinai Scudder, nomen nudum; Lanchnophorus guttulatus Reuter, 1887, comb...
January 25, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166246/soluble-human-leukocyte-antigen-g-during-pregnancy-and-infancy-in-benin-mother-child-resemblance-and-association-with-the-risk-of-malaria-infection-and-low-birth-weight
#7
Tania C d'Almeida, Ibrahim Sadissou, Jacqueline Milet, Gilles Cottrell, Amandine Mondière, Euripide Avokpaho, Laure Gineau, Audrey Sabbagh, Achille Massougbodji, Kabirou Moutairou, Eduardo A Donadi, Benoit Favier, Edgardo Carosella, Philippe Moreau, Nathalie Rouas-Freiss, David Courtin, André Garcia
Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) G is a tolerogenic molecule involved in the maternal-fetal immune tolerance phenomenon. Its expression during some infectious diseases leading to immune evasion has been established. A first study conducted in Benin has shown that the production of soluble HLA-G (sHLA-G) during the first months of life is strongly correlated with the maternal level at delivery and associated with low birth weight and malaria. However sHLA-G measurements during pregnancy were not available for mothers and furthermore, to date the evolution of sHLA-G in pregnancy is not documented in African populations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163504/main-neurosurgical-pathologies-in-benin-republic
#8
Hugues Jean Thierry Gandaho, Madougou Soumaila, Isaac Hoinsou-Hans, Gautier M M Djrolo, Audrey A S Zevounou, Amos O Adeleye
BACKGROUND: Benin republic is a very low-income French-speaking country in West Africa The development of Neurosurgery in the Republic of Benin took off with the arrival of the first Beninese neurosurgeons in the year 2003. AIMS: This study aims to evaluate patients' attendance in a public neurosurgical center, and appreciate populations' affordability to a new specialty. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: In the year 2004, the Benin Armed Forces established the first Department of Neurosurgery in the Nation's Military Teaching Hospital...
December 2016: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157468/do-active-case-finding-projects-increase-the-number-of-tuberculosis-cases-notified-at-national-level
#9
K G Koura, A Trébucq, V Schwoebel
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the impact of active tuberculosis case finding (ACF) projects on the number of sputum smear-positive (SS+) tuberculosis (TB) cases notified at national level. METHODS: Case-finding results of the 16 countries that participated in the first wave of the TB REACH project were analysed. Information on the number of SS+ TB cases at national level were taken from the 2014 World Health Organization global tuberculosis report. A segmented linear regression model was used to analyse trends in notification...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144847/-practices-of-caregivers-and-national-recommendations-for-treatment-of-malaria-in-benin-in-2009
#10
S Robin, C Bruneton, E Guévart
New treatments against malaria (artemisinin-based combination therapies, ACT) resulted in profound changes in the therapeutic behaviours in Africa. This study aims to evaluate the practices adaptation to the new strategies in Benin in 2009. In three southern areas of the country, 14 private pharmacies, 10 public health centers and 10 private health centers were audited. Between July and October 2009, 36 providers and 93 prescribers were interviewed, 127 dispensations for self-medication were observed, 210 prescriptions were analyzed according to the WHO recommendations, 251 patients with complaints of malaria and 50 healthy women were interviewed and 34 physical inventories were conducted in pharmacies...
January 31, 2017: Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123447/erratum-to-allometric-models-and-aboveground-biomass-stocks-of-a-west-african-sudan-savannah-watershed-in-benin
#11
Adéyèmi Chabi, Sven Lautenbach, Vincent Oladokoun Agnila Orekan, Nicholas Kyei-Baffour
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s13021-016-0058-5.].
December 2016: Carbon Balance and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120735/prevalence-of-anaemia-deficiencies-of-iron-and-vitamin-a-and-their-determinants-in-rural-women-and-young-children-a-cross-sectional-study-in-kalal%C3%A3-district-of-northern-benin
#12
Halimatou Alaofè, Jennifer Burney, Rosamond Naylor, Douglas Taren
OBJECTIVE: To identify the magnitude of anaemia and deficiencies of Fe (ID) and vitamin A (VAD) and their associated factors among rural women and children. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, comprising a household, health and nutrition survey and determination of Hb, biochemical (serum concentrations of ferritin, retinol, C-reactive protein and α1-acid glycoprotein) and anthropometric parameters. Multivariate logistic regression examined associations of various factors with anaemia and micronutrient deficiencies...
January 25, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090412/development-characterization-and-cross-amplification-of-microsatellite-markers-in-the-understudied-african-genus-anthonotha-fabaceae
#13
Boris B Demenou, Olivier J Hardy
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Anthonotha macrophylla (Fabaceae) is a common tree species throughout the Guineo-Congolian forest that is sometimes confounded with other congeneric species; it is expected to be an interesting phylogeographical model to infer the history of the African dense forests. We developed 18 microsatellite markers from this species and tested their transferability in 15 congeneric species. METHODS AND RESULTS: A genomic library was obtained using the Illumina platform, and 18 polymorphic microsatellite loci were developed...
January 2017: Applications in Plant Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087492/multi-antibiotic-resistant-and-putative-virulence-gene-signatures-in-enterococcus-species-isolated-from-pig-farms-environment
#14
Abeni Beshiru, Isoken H Igbinosa, Faith I Omeje, Abraham G Ogofure, Martin M Eyong, Etinosa O Igbinosa
The continuous misuse of antimicrobials in food animals both orally and subcutaneously as therapeutic and prophylactic agents to bacterial infections could be detrimental and contribute to the dissemination of resistant clones in livestock production. The present study was carried out to determine the antibiogram and virulence gene characteristics of Enterococcus species from pig farms. A total of 300 faecal samples were obtained from two pig farms in Benin City between February and July 2016. Standard culture-based and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay were adopted in the detection and characterization of the Enterococcus species...
January 11, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073720/children-healh-care-and-pediatrics-in-west-africa-enspedia-research-action-project-to-help-improve-the-quality-of-care-in-pediatrics-departments-in-west-africa-benin-burkina-faso-guinea-mali-mauritania-niger-senegal-and-togo
#15
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073713/the-french-muskoka%C3%A2-fund-origin-objectives-and-implementation
#16
S Aboubaker, C Grimaldi
Through its Priority Solidarity Fund, France set up a partnership with four United Nations agencies, WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, and UN WOMEN for the years 2011-2015 with an annual budget of 19 M €. An additional sixth year supplementary is underway. The program was developed through a common framework of actions coordinated and harmonized at the level of the target countries: integrated management of childhood diseases, mother-child nutrition, prenatal, perinatal, and postpartum follow-up, sexual and reproductive health, and adolescent health...
November 1, 2016: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067108/an-assessment-of-host-associations-geographic-distributions-and-genetic-diversity-of-avian-chewing-lice-insecta-phthiraptera-from-benin
#17
Oona M Takano, Preston S Mitchell, Daniel R Gustafsson, Alphonse Adite, Gary Voelker, Jessica E Light
Host associations of highly host-specific chewing lice (Insecta: Phthiraptera) across multiple avian species remains fairly undocumented in the West African country of Benin. Two hundred and seventeen bird specimens collected from multiple localities across Benin and housed at the Texas A&M University Biodiversity Research and Teaching Collections were examined for lice. Lice were identified and genetic data (mitochondrial COI and nuclear EF-1α genes) were obtained and phylogenetically analyzed. In total, we found 15 host associations, 7 of which were new to science...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056098/a-model-for-good-governance-of-healthcare-technology-management-in-the-public-sector-learning-from-evidence-informed-policy-development-and-implementation-in-benin
#18
P Th Houngbo, H L S Coleman, M Zweekhorst, Tj De Cock Buning, D Medenou, J F G Bunders
Good governance (GG) is an important concept that has evolved as a set of normative principles for low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) to strengthen the functional capacity of their public bodies, and as a conditional prerequisite to receive donor funding. Although much is written on good governance, very little is known on how to implement it. This paper documents the process of developing a strategy to implement a GG model for Health Technology Management (HTM) in the public health sector, based on lessons learned from twenty years of experience in policy development and implementation in Benin...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040485/ecological-characteristics-of-simulium-breeding-sites-in-west-africa
#19
Robert A Cheke, Stephen Young, Rolf Garms
Twenty-nine taxa of Simulium were identified amongst 527 collections of larvae and pupae from untreated rivers and streams in Liberia (362 collections in 1967-71 & 1989), Togo (125 in 1979-81), Benin (35 in 1979-81) and Ghana (5 in 1980-81). Presence or absence of associations between different taxa were used to group them into six clusters using Ward agglomerative hierarchical cluster analysis. Environmental data associated with the pre-imaginal habitats were then analysed in relation to the six clusters by one way ANOVA...
March 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003571/identification-of-%C3%AE-globin-haplotypes-linked-to-sickle-hemoglobin-hb-s-alleles-in-mazandaran-province-iran
#20
Faeghe Aghajani, Mohammad Reza Mahdavi, Mehrnoush Kosaryan, Mehrad Mahdavi, Mohaddese Hamidi, Hossein Jalali
Carrier frequency of the β(S) allele has been reported to be 0.19% in Mazandaran province, northern Iran. Haplotype analysis of the β(S) allele helps trace the origin of its encoded hemoglobin (Hb) variant, Hb S, in a region. The aim of this study was to investigate the haplotypes associated with β(S) alleles in Mazandaran province. Capillary electrophoresis was carried out to detect individuals suspected to have a βS allele(s). DNA analysis (PCR-RFLP) was used for final confirmation. To identify 5\' to 3\' β-globin gene cluster haplotypes associated with β(S) alleles, family linkage analysis was applied...
December 21, 2016: Genes & Genetic Systems
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