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Yendouban Lamboni, Kristian F Nielsen, Anita R Linnemann, Yüksel Gezgin, Kerstin Hell, Martinus J R Nout, Eddy J Smid, Manuele Tamo, Martinus A J S van Boekel, Jakob Blæsbjerg Hoof, Jens Christian Frisvad
In a previous study, raw cashew kernels were assayed for the fungal contamination focusing on strains belonging to the genus Aspergillus and on aflatoxins producers. These samples showed high contamination with Aspergillus section Nigri species and absence of aflatoxins. To investigate the diversity of secondary metabolites, including mycotoxins, the species of A. section Nigri may produce and thus threaten to contaminate the raw cashew kernels, 150 strains were isolated from cashew samples and assayed for their production of secondary metabolites using liquid chromatography high resolution mass spectrometry (LC-HRMS)...
2016: PloS One
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 19, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Juliana D Lindenau, Sandrine C Wagner, Simone M de Castro, Mara H Hutz
Sickle cell hemoglobin is the result of a mutation at the sixth amino acid position of the beta (β) globin chain. The HBB*S gene is in linkage disequilibrium with five main haplotypes in the β-globin-like gene cluster named according to their ethnic and geographic origins: Bantu (CAR), Benin (BEN), Senegal (SEN), Cameroon (CAM) and Arabian-Indian (ARAB). These haplotypes demonstrated that the sickle cell mutation arose independently at least five times in human history. The distribution of βS haplotypes among Brazilian populations showed a predominance of the CAR haplotype...
October 3, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Biology
Wilson E Sadoh, Paul Ikhurionan, Charles Imarengiaye
BACKGROUND: A pre-anaesthestic echocardiogram (echo) is requested for most non-cardiac surgeries to identify possible cardiac structural anomalies. OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence and spectrum of structural cardiac abnormalities seen in various non-cardiac conditions. METHODS: We carried out a retrospective review of pre-anaesthetic echos performed over five years on children scheduled for non-cardiac surgery. The requests were categorised according to referring specialities, and the biodata and echo findings were noted...
September 9, 2016: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
Tinde R van Andel, Rachel S Meyer, Saulo A Aflitos, Judith A Carney, Margaretha A Veltman, Dario Copetti, Jonathan M Flowers, Reinout M Havinga, Harro Maat, Michael D Purugganan, Rod A Wing, M Eric Schranz
African rice (Oryza glaberrima) and African cultivation practices are said to have influenced emerging colonial plantation economies in the Americas(1,2). However, the level of impact of African rice practices is difficult to establish because of limited written or botanical records(2,3). Recent findings of O. glaberrima in rice fields of Suriname Maroons bear evidence of the high level of knowledge about rice among African slaves and their descendants, who consecrate it in ancestor rituals(4,5). Here we establish the strong similarity, and hence likely origin, of the first extant New World landrace of O...
October 3, 2016: Nature Plants
Bérénice Dégboé, Félix Atadokpèdé, Bayaki Saka, Hugues Adégbidi, Christiane Koudoukpo, Hubert Yédomon, Florencia do Ango-Padonou
BACKGROUND: Vitiligo is unsightly on darkly pigmented skin and leads important stigmatization because of the mix-up with leprosy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analyzed retrospectively the epidemiological and clinical patterns of vitiligo on darkly pigmented skin between 1988 and 2008 in the Department of Dermatology in Cotonou (Benin). The diagnosis was made based on the clinical characteristics of vitiligo. RESULTS: Two hundred and forty-six patients were seen, representing 0...
September 28, 2016: International Journal of Dermatology
Didier Niama Natta, Étienne Alagnidé, Toussaint Kpadonou
OBJECTIVE: Stroke is a leading cause of adult long-term disability. The functional outcomes have been much studied but the impact on quality of life (QOL) is little known especially in African countries. The concept of QOL is complex. It is defined as an individual's perceptions of their position in life in context of culture, value system, goals, expectations, standards, and concerns. The aim of the present study is to evaluate impact of stroke on the quality of life of beninese patients...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Herman Azanmasso, Étienne Alagnidé, Joycia G Hounmenou, Didier Niama Natta, Toussaint G Kpadonou
OBJECTIVE: The genito-sexual disorders can be caused by stroke. These disorders often are silent even if they are at the heart of patient concerns. The objective was to study the sexual dysfunction in patients with stroke compared to control subjects. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: We did a prospective descriptive analytical cross-sectional study in the department of functional rehabilitation of National university hospital center of Cotonou CNHU HKM. This study involved 134 subjects including 67 stroke patients dating back at least 6 months and 67 controls matched to cases by age and sex...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Etienne Alagnide, D D Niama Natta, G M Houngbédji, H Azanmasso, R Dagoli, G T Kpadonou
OBJECTIVE: With the increasing of standard of living, the body dimensions have evolved in many countries in recent decades and the aesthetic canons are very variable depending on the socio-cultural contexts. To study the morphological standards of adults in Benin. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Prospective study, descriptive and analytical cross in sight conducted from October to December 2011 in the twelve departments of Benin. Stratified sampling, on 2412 Beninese adults (aged 18-67 years), apparently healthy (without medical or surgical history known), willing to participate in the study, examined by observation and morpho-statics measurements...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Célia Dechavanne, Ibrahim Sadissou, Aziz Bouraima, Claude Ahouangninou, Roukiyath Amoussa, Jacqueline Milet, Kabirou Moutairou, Achille Massougbodji, Michael Theisen, Edmond J Remarque, David Courtin, Gregory Nuel, Florence Migot-Nabias, André Garcia
To our knowledge, effects of age, placental malaria infection, infections during follow-up, nutritional habits, sickle-cell trait and individual exposure to Anopheles bites were never explored together in a study focusing on the acquisition of malaria antibody responses among infants living in endemic areas.Five hundred and sixty-seven Beninese infants were weekly followed-up from birth to 18 months of age. Immunoglobulin G (IgG), IgG1 and IgG3 specific for 5 malaria antigens were measured every 3 months. A linear mixed model was used to analyze the effect of each variable on the acquisition of antimalarial antibodies in 6-to18-month old infants in univariate and multivariate analyses...
September 27, 2016: Scientific Reports
Etinosa O Igbinosa, Abeni Beshiru, Lucy U Akporehe, Faith E Oviasogie, Owen O Igbinosa
The present study was designed to characterize methicillin-resistant staphylococci from raw meat. A total of 126 meat samples were obtained from open markets between February and April, 2015. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was carried out using the disc diffusion method. Molecular profiling was conducted using 16S rRNA, mecA, nuc, and PVL gene signatures were detected by polymerase chain reaction assay. Fifty isolates of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus spp. were detected in 26 (52%) pork, 14 (28%) beef and 10 (20%) chicken samples...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
E Enabudoso, O H Adams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Pelagie M Boko, Moudachirou Ibikounle, Ablawa Onzo-Aboki, Jean-Jacques Tougoue, Yollande Sissinto, Wilfrid Batcho, Dorothe Kinde-Gazard, Achille Kabore
In 2013, Benin developed strategies to control neglected tropical diseases and one of the first step was the disease mapping of the entire country in order to identify endemic districts of schistosomiasis and soil transmitted helminths (STH). This study was carried out in 30 of the 77 districts of Benin. Of these 30 districts 22 were previously treated for Lymphatic Filariasis (LF) using the Ivermectin and Albendazole combination. In each district, five schools were selected and 50 children aged 8 to 14 years were sampled in each school, making a total of 250 children sampled in the district...
2016: PloS One
A Ogouyèmi-Hounto, D M Zannou, G Ayihounton, C Ahouada, A Azon-Kouanou, J Acakpo, Y Sissinto Savi de Tove, D Kinde Gazard
OBJECTIVE: Determine the prevalence of cryptococcal antigenemia and associated factors in HIV-infected patients in Cotonou in order to introduce systematic screening in national guidelines. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional, descriptive and analytical study conducted from June to September 2015 in four outpatient treatment centers with adult patients infected with HIV, receiving or not antiretroviral treatment with a number of CD4≤200cell/μL and who have given their informed consent to participate in the study...
September 15, 2016: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
Isabelle L Lange, Lydie Kanhonou, Sourou Goufodji, Carine Ronsmans, Véronique Filippi
As one of many similar policies in the region, in 2009 Benin launched a free c-section policy in publicly funded hospitals intended to decrease the barriers to facility delivery and the heavy financial burdens on women and their families. We conducted a qualitative study for eight months between 2012 and 2014 to understand women's experiences of care in maternity wards. We carried out semi-structured interviews with 30 women who had delivered via c-section at five hospitals. Two of these hospitals became case study sites where in-depth research was undertaken that consisted of participant observation in each maternity ward and 32 further interviews with women who had complicated, vaginal and c-section deliveries...
November 2016: Social Science & Medicine
Corine Ngufor, Raphael N'Guessan, Josias Fagbohoun, Damien Todjinou, Abibath Odjo, David Malone, Hanafy Ismail, Martin Akogbeto, Mark Rowland
Olyset Duo is a new long-lasting insecticidal net treated with permethrin (a pyrethroid) and pyriproxyfen, an insect growth regulator that disrupts the maturation of oocytes in mosquitoes exposed to the net. We tested the Olyset Duo net against pyrethroid-resistant Anopheles gambiae mosquitoes, which transmit malaria parasites, in laboratory bioassays and in a trial in Benin using experimental huts that closely resemble local habitations. Host-seeking mosquitoes that entered to feed were free to contact the occupied nets and were collected the next morning from exit traps...
September 14, 2016: Science Translational Medicine
Antoine Vikkey Hinson, Virgil K Lokossou, Vivi Schlünssen, Gildas Agodokpessi, Torben Sigsgaard, Benjamin Fayomi
The textile industry sector occupies a prominent place in the economy of Benin. It exposes workers to several occupational risks, including exposure to cotton dust. To assess the effect of exposure to cotton dust on the health of workers, this study was initiated and conducted in a Beninese cotton industry company. The objective of the study was to evaluate the respiratory disorders among the textile workers exposed to cotton dust and the cross-sectional study involved 656 subjects exposed to cotton dust and 113 non-exposed subjects...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Georges Danhoundo, Mary E Wiktorowicz, Sanni Yaya
Although malaria in pregnancy predisposes women to increased perinatal mortality and morbidity, complex issues underlie its persistence. To develop a better understanding of the factors affecting women's access to Intermittent Preventive Treatment in Benin, we used the theoretical lens of "sensemaking" to clarify policymakers', health professionals', and women's perspectives concerning preventive policies and barriers to access. Several assumptions were found to underlie Benin's malaria preventive policy that contribute to the unintended effect of deterring pregnant women in poverty from accessing preventive treatment...
September 12, 2016: Health Care for Women International
Mauricio R Bellon, Gervais D Ntandou-Bouzitou, Francesco Caracciolo
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to test the extent to which, under different opportunities for market participation, the diversity of plant species rural households grow or collect (on-farm diversity), and the variety of foods mothers purchase (market diversity) are associated with their dietary diversity. METHODS: Rural households from three districts in southern Benin were interviewed during dry (n = 472) and wet (n = 482) seasons between 2011 and 2012...
2016: PloS One
Oghenetejiri Ubrurhe Enaworu, Ranjit Khutan
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer is a major cause of cancer death in Nigerian men. Attempts to reduce mortality from prostate cancer have focused mainly on early detection of the disease by the use of PSA testing. As a result of the increased incidence of prostate cancer in Nigeria despite the widespread availability of testing facilities, it became pertinent to understand the salient factors that prompt Nigerian men to go for prostate cancer testing. OBJECTIVE: This study explores the factors that influence a group of Nigerian men's decision to go for Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) testing...
June 2016: African Health Sciences
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