keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Benin

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446236/the-malaria-testing-and-treatment-landscape-in-benin
#1
Cyprien Zinsou, Adjibabi Bello Cherifath
BACKGROUND: Since 2004, artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) has been the first-line treatment for uncomplicated malaria in Benin. In 2016, a medicine outlet survey was implemented to investigate the availability, price, and market share of anti-malarial treatment and malaria diagnostics. Results provide a timely and important benchmark to measure future interventions aimed at increasing access to quality malaria case management services. METHODS: Between July 5th to August 6th 2016, a cross sectional, nationally-representative malaria outlet survey was conducted in Benin...
April 26, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444863/the-prevalence-of-type-2-diabetes-in-urban-bo-sierra-leone-and-in-the-16-countries-of-the-west-africa-region
#2
Abu James Sundufu, Cecil N Bockarie, Kathryn H Jacobsen
BACKGROUND: The goal of this study was to measure the prevalence of diabetes among adults in urban Bo, Sierra Leone, and to compare the new result to the diabetes prevalence rates reported from studies across West Africa. METHODS: A total of 694 outpatients ages 18 and older at Bo Government Hospital were tested for diabetes between January 2012 and December 2014. Diabetes was defined as a fasting blood sugar level of ≥126 mg/dl (≥7.0 mmol/l). RESULTS: The overall prevalence of diabetes was 6...
April 26, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443373/association-between-women-s-empowerment-and-maternal-and-child-nutrition-in-kalal%C3%A3-district-of-northern-benin
#3
Halimatou Alaofè, Min Zhu, Jennifer Burney, Rosamond Naylor, Taren Douglas
BACKGROUND: Evidence on effectiveness of women's empowerment (WE) to reduce undernutrition is limited in sub-Sahara Africa, and few studies incorporate multidimensional measures of WE. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether a WE status, in sum and across leadership, decision-making, mobility, economic security, male involvement in housework, and nonfamily group domains, is associated with women and their children nutritional status in Kalalé district of northern Benin. METHODS: Data were obtained from the 2014 Solar Market Garden baseline study: 767 paired reproductive-age women aged 15 to 49 years and children 6 to 59 months old...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441120/prevalence-of-trachoma-in-northern-benin-results-from-11-population-based-prevalence-surveys-covering-26-districts
#4
Amadou Alfa Bio, Pelagie M Boko, Yannelle A Dossou, Jean-Jacques Tougoue, Achille Kabore, Ignace Sounouvou, Jean-Eudes Biaou, Lionel Nizigama, Paul Courtright, Anthony W Solomon, Lisa Rotondo, Wilfrid Batcho, Dorothée Kinde-Gazard
AIMS: We sought to evaluate trachoma prevalence in all suspected-endemic areas of Benin. METHODS: We conducted population-based surveys covering 26 districts grouped into 11 evaluation units (EUs), using a two-stage, systematic and random, cluster sampling design powered at EU level. In each EU, 23 villages were systematically selected with population proportional to size; 30 households were selected from each village using compact segment sampling. In selected households, we examined all consenting residents aged one year or above for trichiasis, trachomatous inflammation - follicular (TF), and trachomatous inflammation - intense...
April 25, 2017: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428243/genome-wide-transcription-and-functional-analyses-reveal-heterogeneous-molecular-mechanisms-driving-pyrethroids-resistance-in-the-major-malaria-vector-anopheles-funestus-across-africa
#5
Jacob M Riveron, Sulaiman S Ibrahim, Charles Mulamba, Rousseau Djouaka, Helen Irving, Murielle J Wondji, Intan H Ishak, Charles S Wondji
Pyrethroid resistance in malaria vector, An. Funestus is increasingly reported across Africa, threatening the sustainability of pyrethroid-based control interventions including long lasting insecticidal Nets (LLINs). Managing this problem requires understanding of the molecular basis of the resistance from different regions of the continent, to establish whether it is being driven by a single or independent selective events. Here, using a genome-wide transcription profiling of pyrethroid resistant populations from Southern (Malawi), East (Uganda) and West Africa (Benin), we investigated the molecular basis of resistance, revealing strong differences between the different African regions...
April 19, 2017: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416014/contraceptive-service-provider-imposed-restrictions-to-contraceptive-access-in-urban-nigeria
#6
Hilary M Schwandt, Ilene S Speizer, Meghan Corroon
BACKGROUND: Health service providers can restrict access to contraceptives through their own imposed biases about method appropriateness. In this study, provider biases toward contraceptive service provision among urban Nigerian providers was assessed. METHODS: Health providers working in health facilities, as well as pharmacists and patent medical vendors (PMV), in Abuja, Benin City, Ibadan, Ilorin, Kaduna, and Zaria, were surveyed in 2011 concerning their self-reported biases in service provision based on age, parity, and marital status...
April 17, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415983/exhaled-carbon-monoxide-a-non-invasive-biomarker-of-short-term-exposure-to-outdoor-air-pollution
#7
Herve Lawin, Lucie Ayi Fanou, Vikkey Hinson, Jacqueline Wanjiku, N Kingsley Ukwaja, Stephen B Gordon, Benjamin Fayomi, John R Balmes, Parfait Houngbegnon, Euripide Avokpaho, Ambaliou Sanni
BACKGROUND: In urban settings of Africa with rapidly increasing population, traffic-related air pollution is a major contributor to outdoor air pollution (OAP). Although OAP has been identified as a leading cause of global morbidity and mortality, there is however, lack of a simple biomarker to assess levels of exposure to OAP in resource-poor settings. This study evaluated the role of exhaled carbon monoxide (exhCO) as a potential biomarker of exposure to ambient carbon monoxide (ambCO) from OAP...
April 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413229/quality-of-maize-for-sale-in-markets-in-benin-and-niger
#8
O N Bakoye, I B Baoua, H Seyni, L Amadou, L L Murdock, D Baributsa
A follow-up study on the quality of maize for sale in West African public markets was carried out in Benin and Niger from August 15-28, 2013. Complementing the earlier study, this present assessment included not only retailers but also wholesalers and maize producers. Samples were evaluated for parameters related to the physical quality of the maize and for aflatoxin contamination. Most maize value chain actors process their offered grain using traditional methods for threshing, winnowing and drying. Maize for sale in the markets surveyed had an average moisture content ranging between 12 and 14%...
March 2017: Journal of Stored Products Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403858/contraceptive-service-provider-imposed-restrictions-to-contraceptive-access-in-urban-nigeria
#9
Hilary M Schwandt, Ilene S Speizer, Meghan Corroon
BACKGROUND: Health service providers can restrict access to contraceptives through their own imposed biases about method appropriateness. In this study, provider biases toward contraceptive service provision among urban Nigerian providers was assessed. METHODS: Health providers working in health facilities, as well as pharmacists and patent medical vendors (PMV), in Abuja, Benin City, Ibadan, Ilorin, Kaduna, and Zaria, were surveyed in 2011 concerning their self-reported biases in service provision based on age, parity, and marital status...
April 12, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399686/prevalence-of-congenital-malaria-in-newborns-of-mothers-co-infected-with-hiv-and-malaria-in-benin-city
#10
Fidelis Ewenitie Eki-Udoko, Ayebo E Sadoh, Michael O Ibadin, Augustine I Omoigberale
BACKGROUND: HIV and Plasmodium falciparum malaria co-infection annually complicates about one million pregnancies in sub-Saharan Africa. Congenital malaria (CM) has deleterious effects on newborns. Little is known about the effect of co-infections on the prevalence of CM in infants born by these women. This study was carried out to determine the prevalence of CM in newborns of mothers co-infected with HIV and malaria compared to HIV-negative mothers with malaria in Benin-City. METHODS: Subjects were 162 newborns of mothers co-infected with HIV and malaria...
April 11, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367445/antimicrobial-activity-and-chemical-composition-of-kp%C3%A3-t%C3%A3-kp%C3%A3-t%C3%A3-a-starter-of-benin-traditional-beer-tchoukoutou
#11
Christine N'tcha, Haziz Sina, Adéchola Pierre Polycarpe Kayodé, Joachim D Gbenou, Lamine Baba-Moussa
The aim of this study was to investigate the antibacterial effect of the crude starter "kpètè-kpètè" and lactic acid bacteria used during the production of "tchoukoutou." To achieve this, a total of 11 lactic acid bacteria and 40 starter samples were collected from four communes. The samples were tested on 29 gram + and - strains by disk diffusion method. The minimum inhibitory and bactericidal concentrations of starter and lactic acid bacteria were determined by conventional methods. Organic acids, sugar, and volatile compounds were determined using the HPLC method...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365323/pathogenic-potentials-of-aeromonas-species-isolated-from-aquaculture-and-abattoir-environments
#12
Isoken H Igbinosa, Abeni Beshiru, Emmanuel E Odjadjare, Collins N Ateba, Etinosa O Igbinosa
The present study elucidated the presence of antibiotics resistance, virulence genes and biofilm potentials among Aeromonas species isolated from abattoir and aquaculture environments in Benin City, Nigeria. A total of 144 wastewater samples were obtained from two independent aquaculture and abattoir environments between May and October 2016. Aeromonas species were isolated on Glutamate Starch Phenol Red (GSP) agar and confirmed using API 20NE kits. Antimicrobial susceptibility profile of the isolates was carried out using standard disc diffusion assay while biofilm potentials were detected by the microtitre plate method and PCR technique was used to detect antibiotics resistance and virulence gene markers...
March 30, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364929/professional-changes-induced-by-a-redesigned-immunization-supply-chain-in-the-com%C3%A3-health-zone-benin
#13
Elise Guillermet, Daleb Abdoulaye Alfa, Romule Gbodja, Philippe Jaillard
At the end of 2013, the Government of Benin and Agence de Médecine Préventive (AMP) launched a demonstration project in Comé Health Zone (HZ) to optimize the vaccine supply chain. A key part of the demonstration project was the creation of an "informed push model" of vaccine distribution supported by a new logistician position at the health zone (district) level. At the conclusion of the demonstration project in 2015, the authors conducted an anthropological study consisting of semi-structured interviews with 62 participants to assess how the new model changed the professional identities, roles, responsibilities, and practices of personnel involved in vaccine management during and just after the demonstration project end in Comé HZ...
April 19, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364928/costing-analysis-and-anthropological-assessment-of-the-vaccine-supply-chain-system-redesign-in-the-com%C3%A3-district-benin
#14
Xiao Xian Huang, Elise Guillermet, Jean-Bernard Le Gargasson, Daleb Abdoulaye Alfa, Romule Gbodja, Adanmavokin Justin Sossou, Phillippe Jaillard
OBJECTIVE: At the end of 2013, a pilot experiment was carried out in Comé health zone (HZ) in an attempt to optimize the vaccine supply chain. Four commune vaccine storage facilities were replaced by one central HZ facility. This study evaluated the incremental financial needs for the establishment of the new system; compared the economic cost of the supply chain in the Comé HZ before and after the system redesign; and analyzed the changes induced by the pilot project in immunization logistics management...
April 19, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364925/system-redesign-of-the-immunization-supply-chain-experiences-from-benin-and-mozambique
#15
Wendy Prosser, Philippe Jaillard, Emmanuelle Assy, Shawn T Brown, Graça Matsinhe, Mawutondji Dekoun, Bruce Y Lee
INTRODUCTION: Evidence suggests that immunization supply chains are becoming outdated and unable to deliver needed vaccines due to growing populations and new vaccine introductions. Redesigning a supply chain could result in meeting current demands. METHODS: The Ministries of Health in Benin in Mozambique recognized known barriers to the immunization supply chain and undertook a system redesign to address those barriers. Changes were made to introduce an informed push system while consolidating storage points, introducing transport loops, and increasing human resource capacity for distribution...
April 19, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344948/the-effect-of-combining-axillary-brachial-plexus-block-with-interscalene-or-supraclavicular-block-for-upper-limb-surgeries-using-neurostimulation-technique
#16
H O Idehen, C A Imarengiaye
BACKGROUND: The different approaches to the brachial plexus have clinical implications and all these approaches have clinical limitations. Combining different approaches helps to reduce these limitations. Can a combination of two different methods of brachial plexus block give a better anaesthetic outcome? AIM: To compare the effect of combining axillary plexus block with interscalene as opposed to axillary plexus block with supraclavicular blocks. DESIGN OF STUDY: Prospective observational study...
April 2016: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288637/exploring-implementation-practices-in-results-based-financing-the-case-of-the-verification-in-benin
#17
Matthieu Antony, Maria Paola Bertone, Olivier Barthes
BACKGROUND: Results-based financing (RBF) has been introduced in many countries across Africa and a growing literature is building around the assessment of their impact. These studies are usually quantitative and often silent on the paths and processes through which results are achieved and on the wider health system effects of RBF. To address this gap, our study aims at exploring the implementation of an RBF pilot in Benin, focusing on the verification of results. METHODS: The study is based on action research carried out by authors involved in the pilot as part of the agency supporting the RBF implementation in Benin...
March 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271855/prevalence-of-foodborne-pathogens-in-food-from-selected-african-countries-a-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Narayan Paudyal, Victor Anihouvi, Joseph Hounhouigan, Maitshwarelo Ignatius Matsheka, Bonno Sekwati-Monang, Wisdom Amoa-Awua, Amy Atter, Nina Bernice Ackah, Samuel Mbugua, Agnes Asagbra, Warda Abdelgadir, Jesca Nakavuma, Mogens Jakobsen, Weihuan Fang
Food safety information in the African region is insufficient and fragmented due to lack of surveillance, documentation and reporting, thereby resulting in inefficient utilization of resources, duplication of activities, and lack of synergy among the countries of the region. This paper reviews the prevalence of foodborne pathogens in seven African countries (Benin, Botswana, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, Sudan and Uganda) from papers in regional or international journals published between January 2000 and December 2015...
March 6, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264832/retrospective-review-of-surgical-availability-and-readiness-in-8-african-countries
#19
D A Spiegel, B Droti, P Relan, S Hobson, M N Cherian, K O'Neill
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess surgical availability and readiness in 8 African countries using the WHO's Service Availability and Readiness Assessment (SARA) tool. SETTING: We analysed data for surgical services, including basic and comprehensive surgery, comprehensive obstetric care, blood transfusion, and infection prevention, obtained from the WHO's SARA surveys in Sierra Leone, Uganda, Mauritania, Benin, Zambia, Burkina Faso, Democratic Republic of Congo and Togo...
March 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264718/exploring-the-floristic-diversity-of-tropical-africa
#20
Marc S M Sosef, Gilles Dauby, Anne Blach-Overgaard, Xander van der Burgt, Luís Catarino, Theo Damen, Vincent Deblauwe, Steven Dessein, John Dransfield, Vincent Droissart, Maria Cristina Duarte, Henry Engledow, Geoffrey Fadeur, Rui Figueira, Roy E Gereau, Olivier J Hardy, David J Harris, Janneke de Heij, Steven Janssens, Yannick Klomberg, Alexandra C Ley, Barbara A Mackinder, Pierre Meerts, Jeike L van de Poel, Bonaventure Sonké, Tariq Stévart, Piet Stoffelen, Jens-Christian Svenning, Pierre Sepulchre, Rainer Zaiss, Jan J Wieringa, Thomas L P Couvreur
BACKGROUND: Understanding the patterns of biodiversity distribution and what influences them is a fundamental pre-requisite for effective conservation and sustainable utilisation of biodiversity. Such knowledge is increasingly urgent as biodiversity responds to the ongoing effects of global climate change. Nowhere is this more acute than in species-rich tropical Africa, where so little is known about plant diversity and its distribution. In this paper, we use RAINBIO - one of the largest mega-databases of tropical African vascular plant species distributions ever compiled - to address questions about plant and growth form diversity across tropical Africa...
March 7, 2017: BMC Biology
keyword
keyword
29825
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"