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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908548/dietary-sodium-and-potassium-intakes-data-from-urban-and-rural-areas
#1
Carmelle Mizéhoun-Adissoda, Dismand Houinato, Corine Houehanou, Thierry Chianea, François Dalmay, André Bigot, Victor Aboyans, Pierre-Marie Preux, Pascal Bovet, Jean-Claude Desport
OBJECTIVES: Hypertension is highly prevalent in West African populations, but little data is available on salt and potassium intake in these populations. We assumed in this study that sodium and potassium intake might be high and low, respectively, in the Beninese population in view of the emerging nutritional transition. The aim of this study was to estimate dietary sodium and potassium intakes based on 24-h urine collections. METHODS: We selected 420 individuals (ages 25-64 y), representative of the population, from urban and rural areas in Benin...
January 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895268/credit-with-health-education-in-benin-a-cluster-randomized-trial-examining-impacts-on-knowledge-and-behavior
#2
Dean Karlan, Bram Thuysbaert, Bobbi Gray
We evaluate whether health education integrated into microcredit lending groups reduces health risks by improving health knowledge and self-reported behaviors among urban and rural borrowers in eastern Benin. In 2007, we randomly assigned 138 villages in the Plateau region of Benin to one of four variations of a group liability credit product, varying lending groups' gender composition and/or inclusion of health education using a 2 × 2 design. Women in villages receiving health education, regardless of gender composition of the groups, showed improved knowledge of malaria and of human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS), but not of childhood illness danger signs...
November 28, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889851/effect-of-cow-colostrum-on-the-performance-and-survival-rate-of-local-newborn-piglets-in-benin-republic
#3
Aristide Mahoutin Agbokounou, Gbênangnon Serge Ahounou, Issaka Youssao Abdou Karim, Guy Apollinaire Mensah, Bénoît Koutinhouin, Jean-Luc Hornick
The effect of bovine colostrum, including its thermally labile compounds, on the survival and growth performance of local breed piglets reared by their mother, in Benin, was evaluated over a 49-day trial. Three groups of 16 piglets, stemming from two primiparous sows belonging to a unique traditional farm, were respectively fed for the first 48 h of life with either bovine colostrum heated to 85 °C for 30 min, or thawed bovine colostrum, or colostrum from the mother. Thereafter, the animals that received bovine colostrum turned back to their mother...
November 26, 2016: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887647/the-hide-and-seek-of-plasmodium-vivax-in-west-africa-report-from-a-large-scale-study-in-beninese-asymptomatic-subjects
#4
Philippe Poirier, Cécile Doderer-Lang, Pascal S Atchade, Jean-Philippe Lemoine, Marie-Louise Coquelin de l'Isle, Ahmed Abou-Bacar, Alexander W Pfaff, Julie Brunet, Lydia Arnoux, Elodie Haar, Denis Filisetti, Sylvie Perrotey, Nicodeme W Chabi, Casimir D Akpovi, Ludovic Anani, André Bigot, Ambaliou Sanni, Ermanno Candolfi
BACKGROUND: Plasmodium vivax is considered to be absent from western Africa, where the prevalence of Duffy-negative red blood cell phenotype proves to be high. Several studies have, however, detected P. vivax infection cases in this part of Africa, raising the question of what is the actual prevalence of P. vivax in local populations. METHODS: The presence of P. vivax was investigated in a large population of healthy blood donors in Benin using microscopy, serology and molecular detection...
November 25, 2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884199/a-bibliometric-analysis-of-literature-on-malaria-vector-resistance-1996-2015
#5
Waleed M Sweileh, Ansam F Sawalha, Samah W Al-Jabi, Sa'ed H Zyoud, Naser Y Shraim, Adham S Abu-Taha
BACKGROUND: Emergence of insecticide resistance in malaria vectors is a real threat to future goals of elimination and control of malaria. Therefore, the objective of this study was to assess research trend on insecticide resistance of Anopheles mosquito. In specific, number of publications, countries, institutions, and authors' research profile, citation analysis, international collaborations, and impact of journals publishing documents on insecticide resistance will be presented. It was conducted via Scopus search engine which was used to retrieve relevant data...
November 25, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881208/the-west-africa-disaster-preparedness-initiative-strengthening-national-capacities-for-all-hazards-disaster-preparedness
#6
Melinda J Morton Hamer, Paul L Reed, Jane D Greulich, Gabor D Kelen, Nicole A Bradstreet, Charles W Beadling
OBJECTIVE: The Ebola outbreak demonstrated the need for improved disaster response throughout West Africa. The West Africa Disaster Preparedness Initiative was a training and assessment effort led by US Africa Command and partners to strengthen capacities among 12 West African partner nations (PNs). METHODS: Series of 3-week training sessions with representatives from each PN were held from 13 July through 20 November 2015 at the Kofi Annan International Peacekeeping Training Centre in Accra, Ghana...
November 24, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878534/gender-specific-responses-to-climate-variability-in-a-semi-arid-ecosystem-in-northern-benin
#7
Afiavi P Dah-Gbeto, Grace B Villamor
Highly erratic rainfall patterns in northern Benin complicate the ability of rural farmers to engage in subsistence agriculture. This research explores gender-specific responses to climate variability in the context of agrarian Benin through a household survey (n = 260) and an experimental gaming exercise among a subset of the survey respondents. Although men and women from the sample population are equally aware of climate variability and share similar coping strategies, their specific land-use strategies, preferences, and motivations are distinct...
December 2016: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876296/pathogenic-features-of-clinically-significant-coagulase-negative-staphylococci-in-hospital-and-community-infections-in-benin
#8
Chimène Nanoukon, Xavier Argemi, Frédéric Sogbo, Jeanne Orekan, Daniel Keller, Dissou Affolabi, Frédéric Schramm, Philippe Riegel, Lamine Baba-Moussa, Gilles Prévost
In West Africa, very little consideration has been given to coagulase negative Staphylococci (CNS). Herein, we describe the features contributing to the pathogenicity of 99 clinically-significant independent CNS isolates associated with infections encountered at the National Teaching Hospital Center of Cotonou (Benin). The pathogenic potentials of nosocomial strains were compared with community strains. S. haemolyticus (44%), S. epidermidis (22%) and S. hominis (7%) were the most frequently isolated while bacteremia (66...
November 10, 2016: International Journal of Medical Microbiology: IJMM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865870/african-and-classical-swine-fever-situation-in-ivory-coast-and-neighboring-countries-2008-2013
#9
K V Kouakou, V Michaud, H G Biego, H P G Gnabro, A V Kouakou, A M Mossoun, J A Awuni, G L Minoungou, G L Aplogan, F K Awoumé, E Albina, R Lancelot, E Couacy-Hymann
This study was conducted from 2008 to 2013 to determine the animal health status of Ivory Coast and neighboring countries (Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo and Benin) for African swine fever (ASF) and classical swine fever (CSF), and to assess the risk factors for ASF introduction in Ivory Coast. Ivory Coast had probably been free from ASF from 1998 to 2014 when it was re-introduced in this country. However, the ASF virus was found in all neighboring countries. In contrast, no evidence of CSF infection was found so far in Ivory Coast and neighboring countries...
November 16, 2016: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861509/parasitological-clearance-rates-and-drug-concentrations-of-a-fixed-dose-combination-of-azithromycin-chloroquine-in-asymptomatic-pregnant-women-with-plasmodium-falciparum-parasitemia-an-open-label-non-comparative-study-in-sub-saharan-africa
#10
Kamija Phiri, Joshua Kimani, George A Mtove, Qinying Zhao, Ricardo Rojo, Jeffery Robbins, Stephan Duparc, Ayman Ayoub, Pol Vandenbroucke
BACKGROUND: Malaria remains one of the most important causes of morbidity and mortality in pregnant women and their newborn babies in sub-Saharan Africa. Intermittent preventive treatment in pregnancy (IPTp) is recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) to reduce the burden of disease and improve maternal and neonatal survival and general health. Due to the growing resistance to sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP), the current WHO-recommended drug for IPTp, identification of new and effective drugs is an urgent priority...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853029/ultrasound-assessment-of-thyroid-gland-volume-in-diabetic-patients-without-overt-thyroid-disease
#11
Christopher C Nduka, Ademola A Adeyekun
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus and thyroid disease are known to mutually influence each other. Thyroid disease can worsen glycaemic control in diabetes, and patients with diabetes mellitus have increased incidence of thyroid disorders such as increase in size, compared to the normal population. AIMS/OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to sonographically assess thyroid gland volume in Nigerian adult diabetic patients and compare with apparently healthy adults (controls)...
October 2016: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851828/a-chlorfenapyr-mixture-net-interceptor%C3%A2-g2-shows-high-efficacy-and-wash-durability-against-resistant-mosquitoes-in-west-africa
#12
Raphael N'Guessan, Abibatou Odjo, Corine Ngufor, David Malone, Mark Rowland
BACKGROUND: Malaria control through use of long-lasting insecticidal nets (LN) is threatened by the selection of anopheline mosquitoes strongly resistant to pyrethroid insecticides. To sustain future effectiveness it is essential to identify and evaluate novel insecticides suitable for nets. Mixtures of two insecticides with contrasting mode of action have the potential to kill resistant vectors and restore transmission control provided the formulation can withstand regular washing over the net's life span...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847219/biomonitoring-of-29-trace-elements-in-whole-blood-from-inhabitants-of-cotonou-benin-by-icp-ms
#13
Brice Yedomon, Alain Menudier, Florence Lecavelier Des Etangs, Ludovic Anani, Benjamin Fayomi, Michel Druet-Cabanac, Christian Moesch
This study aimed to investigate the blood concentration of 29 trace elements, metals or metalloids, in a healthy population of Cotonou not directly exposed to metals in order to propose reference values. Blood samples from 70 blood donors were collected in K2 EDTA tubes for trace elements during September 2015 and a questionnaire was used to assess lifestyle exposure. Blood metal concentrations were determined by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) equipped with a quadrupole-based reaction cell...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836091/initial-management-of-postpartum-hemorrhage-a-cohort-study-in-benin-and-mali
#14
Julie Tort, Mamadou Traoré, Benjamin Hounkpatin, Cécile Bodin, Patrick Rozenberg, Alexandre Dumont
OBJECTIVE: To determine the components of initial management associated with a decreased risk of severe postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) in Benin and Mali. METHODS: A cohort study was conducted between May 2013 and September 2014 that included all women who delivered vaginally in seven participating centers and who presented excessive bleeding after birth. Severe PPH was defined as PPH that required surgical treatment (vascular ligature and/or hysterectomy), and/or blood transfusion, and/or transfer to an intensive care unit, and/or an outcome of maternal death...
November 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834512/working-internationally-challenges-and-opportunities
#15
Mel Burden
Mel Burden, Infection Prevention and Control Nurse Specialist, Royal Devon and Exeter Hospital, shares her experiences of volunteering as a nurse in Benin and South Africa, and reflects on the professional challenges.
November 10, 2016: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829770/case-reports-and-clinical-guidelines-for-managing-radix-entomolaris
#16
Bejoy J Thomas, A Nishad, Benin Paulaian, Jonathan Emil Sam
Knowledge about the external and internal anatomy of the tooth is essential for successful dental practice. Anomalies in the tooth are often encountered which poses difficulties in dental treatments. As like any other tooth, mandibular first molars are also prone for anatomic malformations. One such anatomic variation is the presence of extra root distolingually. This distolingual root is called radix entomolaris (RE). The presence of an additional root can lead to difficulties during endodontic therapy. This article is a report of two cases describing the management of the first mandibular molars with an RE and clinical guidelines for its management...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800116/management-of-information-within-emergencies-departments-in-developing-countries-analysis-at-the-national-emergency-department-in-benin
#17
Yolaine Glèlè Ahanhanzo, Alphonse Kpozehouen, Ghislain Sopoh, Charles Sossa-Jérôme, Laurent Ouedraogo, Michèle Wilmet-Dramaix
INTRODUCTION: The management of health information is a key pillar in both emergencies reception and handling facilities, given the strategic position and the potential of these facilities within hospitals, and in the monitoring of public health and epidemiology. With the technological revolution, computerization made the information systems evolve in emergency departments, especially in developed countries, with improved performance in terms of care quality, productivity and patient satisfaction...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768708/diversity-in-secondary-metabolites-including-mycotoxins-from-strains-of-aspergillus-section-nigri-isolated-from-raw-cashew-nuts-from-benin-west-africa
#18
Yendouban Lamboni, Kristian F Nielsen, Anita R Linnemann, Yüksel Gezgin, Kerstin Hell, Martinus J R Nout, Eddy J Smid, Manuele Tamo, Martinus A J S van Boekel, Jakob Blæsbjerg Hoof, Jens Christian Frisvad
In a previous study, raw cashew kernels were assayed for the fungal contamination focusing on strains belonging to the genus Aspergillus and on aflatoxins producers. These samples showed high contamination with Aspergillus section Nigri species and absence of aflatoxins. To investigate the diversity of secondary metabolites, including mycotoxins, the species of A. section Nigri may produce and thus threaten to contaminate the raw cashew kernels, 150 strains were isolated from cashew samples and assayed for their production of secondary metabolites using liquid chromatography high resolution mass spectrometry (LC-HRMS)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760742/andrew-potter-restoring-sight-and-dignity-in-benin
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 19, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706371/the-effects-of-old-and-recent-migration-waves-in-the-distribution-of-hbb-s-globin-gene-haplotypes
#20
Juliana D Lindenau, Sandrine C Wagner, Simone M de Castro, Mara H Hutz
Sickle cell hemoglobin is the result of a mutation at the sixth amino acid position of the beta (β) globin chain. The HBB*S gene is in linkage disequilibrium with five main haplotypes in the β-globin-like gene cluster named according to their ethnic and geographic origins: Bantu (CAR), Benin (BEN), Senegal (SEN), Cameroon (CAM) and Arabian-Indian (ARAB). These haplotypes demonstrated that the sickle cell mutation arose independently at least five times in human history. The distribution of βS haplotypes among Brazilian populations showed a predominance of the CAR haplotype...
October 3, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Biology
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