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Bad body odour

T A Stehmann, B van Houten, J van der Deure
BACKGROUND: Trimethylaminuria is caused by a functional enzyme defect and is usually congenital. This metabolic disease is characterised by body odour resembling fish. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 7-year-old boy was referred with abnormal body odour, which his mother described as resembling fish. This odour caused mainly social problems. Because of the characteristic odour trimethylaminuria was considered. Further metabolic investigations showed a high concentration of trimethylamine in the urine, consistent with this diagnosis...
2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
C Esteve, R Merchán, E Alcaide
Microbiological analyses were conducted on wild eels from the L'Albufera Lake (Spain). A total of 174 individuals were collected in two surveys (i.e. year 2008 and autumn-winter 2014) among those caught by local fishermen into the lagoon. The prevalence of Shewanella putrefaciens group was 1.7% in 2008 and rose above 32% in 2014. It was due to an outbreak of shewanellosis that presented a morbidity rate of 64%. S. putrefaciens group strains were isolated as pure cultures from the sick eels that showed white ulcers surrounded by a reddish inflammation, damage of the mouth, extensive skin discoloration, exophthalmia, ascites and bad odour...
July 2017: Journal of Fish Diseases
Chris Callewaert, Jo Lambert, Tom Van de Wiele
Axillary malodour is a frustrating condition for many people. It can lead to significant discomforts and various psychological effects. The underarm microbiome plays a major role in axillary malodour formation. Not only the bacteria on the epidermis, but also and especially those living in the sweat glands, sweat pores and hair follicles play a pivotal role in malodour development. To treat underarm malodour, this viewpoint article envisions a bacterial treatment. Replacing the autochthonous malodour-causing microbiome with a non-odour-causing microbiome, through an armpit bacterial transplantation or direct application of probiotics/non-odour-causing bacteria, could resolve the condition...
May 2017: Experimental Dermatology
Alexandra Oliveira, Ana Faria, Mónica Oliva
Body odour can be a manifestation of several metabolic diseases. Diagnosis may be difficult because the disease is often unknown to the doctor. We present a child observed in a general paediatric clinic for bad body odour after eating fish. Given the suspicion of trimethylaminuria, molecular study of flavin mono-oxygenase 3 gene was requested. A pathogenic mutation and polymorphism were identified, which could explain the complaint. Dietary and hygienic measures were imposed with symptom improvement.
April 13, 2015: BMJ Case Reports
Louise Hartley, Ewemade Igbinedion, Jennifer Holmes, Nadine Flowers, Margaret Thorogood, Aileen Clarke, Saverio Stranges, Lee Hooper, Karen Rees
BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence that high consumption of fruit and vegetables is beneficial for cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective is to determine the effectiveness of i) advice to increase fruit and vegetable consumption ii) the provision of fruit and vegetables to increase consumption, for the primary prevention of CVD.  SEARCH METHODS: We searched the following electronic databases: The Cochrane Library (2012, issue 9-CENTRAL, HTA, DARE, NEED), MEDLINE (1946 to week 3 September 2012); EMBASE (1980 to 2012 week 39) and the Conference Proceedings Citation Index - Science on ISI Web of Science (5 October 2012)...
June 4, 2013: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Akos Nagy, Zsolt Brugoviczky, Péter Novák, Gábor Nagy
The origin of halitosis comes from the Latin word "halitus" meaning 'breath, exhaled air', and in the Hungarian terminology it means bad and smelly breath. The human body emits a number of volatile molecules, which have a peculiar odour. Their presence is influenced by several factors, such as genetic, nutritional and psychological factors. Since bad breath belongs to taboo subjects, halitosis can often lead to social isolation. To determine the incidence of halitosis, an exact diagnosis is needed which sometimes predestinates the possible treatment as well...
September 2012: Fogorvosi Szemle
L McKeown
In this retrospective qualitative study, the researcher reviewed 55 client records of The Breath Odour Clinic. The purpose was to determine if individuals attended a clinic specialised in treating oral malodour for medical or social reasons. The study focused on the psychosocial and breath odour history. Clients had agreed to the use of information for research purposes. Society uses odour as a means to define and interact with the world. The olfactory, smelling experience is intimate, emotionally charged and connects us with the world...
November 2003: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
Claus Wedekind
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2002: Current Problems in Dermatology
T J Haumann, C M Kneepkens
In two boys aged 4.5 and 1.5 years with halitosis a nasal foreign body was found. After removal the foetor disappeared. Little is known about the epidemiology of halitosis in children. Apart from specific odours with certain systemic disorders, local pathology such as chronic sinusitis, upper and lower respiratory tract infections and to a lesser degree gastrointestinal disorders may be the cause of the offensive smell. As in adults, bad breath in children is usually related to poor oral hygiene or disease of the oral cavity...
June 3, 2000: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
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