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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26543509/pill-properties-that-cause-dysphagia-and-treatment-failure
#1
Jeremy Fields, Jorge T Go, Konrad S Schulze
BACKGROUND: Pills (tablets and capsules) are widely used to administer prescription drugs or to take supplements such as vitamins. Unfortunately, little is known about how much effort it takes Americans to swallow these various pills. More specifically, it is not known to what extent hard-to-swallow pills might affect treatment outcomes (eg, interfering with adherence to prescribed medications or causing clinical complications). It is also unclear which properties (eg, size, shape, or surface texture) Americans prefer or reject for their pills...
December 2015: Current Therapeutic Research, Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23272457/perceptions-of-cadaveric-dissection-in-anatomy-teaching
#2
Saima Naz, Ghazala Nazir, Samia Iram, Malik Mohammad, Umair, Iftikhar Hussain Qari, Shaheen Mohammad
BACKGROUND: Anatomy professors world over are lamenting about medical students' lack of interest in dissections and its diminishing utilisation in medical studies. The objective of our study was to find out the reasons why some of the Pakistani medical students were avoiding dissections. METHOD: We conducted this study in 5 medical colleges of Pakistan from Dec 2010-Oct 2011. Questionnaires were prepared and administered to more than 500 Pakistani medical students, at least 6 months after their first cadaver dissecting session...
July 2011: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22689119/-primary-cutaneous-aggressive-epidermotropic-cytotoxic-cd8-positive-t-cell-lymphoma-report-of-one-case
#3
Marvila Intriago B, Camila Peña O, Ana María Gray H, María Elena Cabrera C, Virginia Martínez C
Primary cutaneous aggressive epidermotropic cytotoxic CD8 positive T cell lymphoma, is an uncommon disease, with an aggressive clinical behavior. Differentiation with other types of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) that express a CD8+ cells, is based only on clinical grounds and in certain morphological characteristics, such as a marked epidermotropism with squamous cell necrosis. We report a 50-year-old male presenting with painless cutaneous lesions appearing in trunk, limbs, scalp and face, suggestive of cutaneous lymphoma...
March 2012: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22269823/spontaneous-human-combustion-in-the-light-of-the-21st-century
#4
REVIEW
Virve Koljonen, Nicolas Kluger
The term "spontaneous human combustion" refers to a situation when a human body is found with significant portions of the middle parts of the body reduced to ashes, much less damage to the head and extremities, and minimal damage to the direct surroundings of the body. Typically, no observable source of ignition is found in the vicinity of the victim and a bad smelling oily substance is noted. In the past, such a situation was erroneously attributed to supernatural powers, as such phenomenon occurs in the absence of any witness...
May 2012: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22043345/a-case-presentation-of-a-large-rhinolith
#5
Fahim Ahmed Shah, Sunil George, Nair Reghunanden
Rhinolith is like a stone formation within the nasal cavity. Although stones rarely form in the nasal cavity, the findings of calcified objects or stones anywhere within the body has long been a subject of interest. Though infrequently observed, nasal concretions can be the source of bad smell from the nose and therefore a social concern for the patient. The salient features of such Rhinoliths and their relevance to clinical practice are discussed and a case of a large Rhinolith is presented in this article...
July 2010: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21762838/olfactory-reference-syndrome-demographic-and-clinical-features-of-imagined-body-odor
#6
Katharine A Phillips, William Menard
OBJECTIVE: Olfactory reference syndrome (ORS) - preoccupation with a false belief that one emits a foul or offensive body odor - has been described around the world for more than a century. However, only a few small studies have systematically assessed ORS's clinical features. METHOD: Twenty patients with ORS were systematically assessed using semistructured measures. RESULTS: Subjects' mean age was 33.4±14.1; 60% were female. Preoccupation most often focused on the mouth (75%), armpits (60%) and genitals (35%)...
July 2011: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20858297/-the-endo-exo-prosthesis-for-patients-with-a-problematic-amputation-stump
#7
Jan Paul M Frölke, Henk van de Meent
Following lower limb amputation, quality of life is highly related to the ability to use a prosthetic limb. The conventional way to attach a prosthetic limb to the body is with a socket. Many patients experience serious discomfort wearing a conventional prosthesis because of pain, instability during walking, pressure sores, bad smell or skin irritation. In addition, sitting is uncomfortable and pelvic and lower back pain due to unstable gait is often seen in these patients. The main disadvantage of the current prosthesis is the attachment of a rigid prosthesis socket to a soft and variable body...
2010: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20619522/hygiene-and-sanitation-among-ethnic-minorities-in-northern-vietnam-does-government-promotion-match-community-priorities
#8
Thilde Rheinländer, Helle Samuelsen, Anders Dalsgaard, Flemming Konradsen
Improving sanitation and hygiene to prevent infectious diseases is of high priority in developing countries. This study attempts to gain in-depth understanding of hygiene and sanitation perceptions and practices among four Ethnic Minority Groups (EMGs) in a rural area of northern Vietnam. It is based on extensive participatory observations in 4 villages and 20 case households over a period of six months (May-October 2008). In addition, 10 key informants and 60 household-members were interviewed and 4 focus group discussions conducted...
September 2010: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18236640/myiasis-of-the-tracheostomy-wound-case-report
#9
R Franza, L Leo, T Minerva, F Sanapo
"Myiasis" is a parasitic infestation of live human or vertebrate animal tissues or cavities caused by dipterous larvae (maggots) which feed on the host's dead or living tissue, liquid body substances or ingested food. They are extremely rare in Western countries, especially in E.N.T. practice, and to the best of our knowledge, only two cases of myiasis in a tracheostomy wound have been reported in the English literature. The case is reported, probably the first, of percutaneous tracheotomy myiasis. It was caused by infestation with larvae of Lucilia Caesar...
August 2006: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18167331/does-disgust-enhance-eating-disorder-symptoms
#10
Birgit Mayer, Arjan E R Bos, Peter Muris, Jorg Huijding, Martha Vlielander
In the present study, the hypothesized causal relationship between disgust and eating pathology was investigated. Female undergraduates were either assigned to an experimental condition in which feelings of disgust were induced by means of a bad smelling odorant, or to a control condition in which no such disgust manipulation was carried out. Both groups completed questionnaires for measuring various eating disorder-related concepts (i.e., body esteem, restraint eating, and body change strategies). In addition, explicit and implicit preferences for high-caloric food were measured...
January 2008: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17716430/community-acceptability-of-the-use-of-low-dose-niclosamide-bayluscide-as-a-molluscicide-in-the-control-of-human-schistosomiasis-in-sahelian-cameroon
#11
I Takougang, J Meli, J Wabo Poné, F Angwafo
Although field trials of the application of molluscicides for the control of human schistosomiasis have been conducted in several settings, the acceptability of molluscide use at the community level has been poorly documented. The death and putrefaction of aquatic organisms in water treated with niclosamide (Bayluscide), for example, and the yellowish colouration of such water, may decrease the molluscide's acceptability. It may be possible, however, to use doses of a molluscicide that are only just high enough to kill the target snails but not high enough to kill non-target fish and frogs, thereby reducing the application's impact on water quality and colour and improving its acceptability to local communities...
September 2007: Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16451502/social-relations-and-breath-odour
#12
L McKeown
In this retrospective qualitative study, the researcher reviewed 55 client records of The Breath Odour Clinic. The purpose was to determine if individuals attended a clinic specialised in treating oral malodour for medical or social reasons. The study focused on the psychosocial and breath odour history. Clients had agreed to the use of information for research purposes. Society uses odour as a means to define and interact with the world. The olfactory, smelling experience is intimate, emotionally charged and connects us with the world...
November 2003: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16193714/-a-case-of-a-child-with-bad-odor
#13
Eduardo Cuestas, Raúl Busso, Silvina Barcudi, Natalia Tapia
The odor emitted by a patient may be one of the first major clues leading to an early diagnosis. Certain conditions produce a characteristic smell and several diseases are associated with a specific odor. We report an illustrative case and review olfactory physiology, the value of smell in physical examination, and finally discuss several illnesses associated with unusual odors.
2005: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15800841/-vaginal-foreign-body-cause-for-a-rectovaginal-fistula
#14
K Rogenhofer, A Scharl, G Späth, V Engelbrecht
A case of 56-year-old patient is presented with the diagnosis "carcinoma of the cervix". She suffered from brown, bad smelling vaginal discharge since half a year without any pain. Three weeks before she had noticed a postmenopausal bleeding. At the examination under anaesthesia with cysto- and rectoscopy we saw a rectovaginal fistula. In the vagina a white plastic object was found which could not be removed. Some days later a hysterectomy with extraction of the foreign body (aerosol cap) was done and the fistula was treated together with the surgeons...
April 2005: Zentralblatt Für Gynäkologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/12927297/foreign-body-in-the-maxillary-sinus-possible-plastic-tube-a-case-report
#15
Jun Hasegawa, Ken-ichi Watanabe, Mayumi Kunitomo, Yoko Yamauchi, Sadayuki Kurosaki, Issei Higa, Hideharu Aoki, Toshiaki Yagi
We experienced the case of a patient who had a foreign body in the maxillary sinus. The patient complained of recurrent unilateral badly smelling rhinorrhea. The computed tomography and the magnetic resonance images revealed a foreign body in the maxillary sinus. The foreign body was removed via the Caldwell-Luc approach. The foreign body was a plastic tube, which was supposed to be designed for the drainage of the maxillary sinus. However, the patient did not remember having been subjected to a treatment using such kind of tube...
August 2003: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/12387460/the-association-between-female-genital-cutting-and-correlates-of-sexual-and-gynaecological-morbidity-in-edo-state-nigeria
#16
F E Okonofu, U Larsen, F Oronsaye, R C Snow, T E Slanger
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between female genital cutting and frequency of sexual and gynaecological symptoms among a cohort of cut versus uncut women in Edo State of Nigeria. DESIGN: Cross sectional study. SETTING: Women attending family planning and antenatal clinics at three hospitals in Edo State, South-south Nigeria. POPULATION: 1836 healthy premenopausal women. METHODS: The sample included 1836 women...
October 2002: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/11524864/effects-of-baking-soda-containing-dentifrices-on-oral-malodor
#17
D M Brunette
Oral malodor, also known as bad breath or halitosis, is an extremely common problem. Bad breath can arise from many sources in the body, but most frequently is produced in the mouth by the action of gram-negative anaerobic bacteria on sulfur-containing proteinaceous substrates in the saliva, such as debris and plaque. The primary molecules responsible for oral malodor are volatile sulfur compounds (VSC), such as hydrogen sulfide and methylmercaptan. Increased malodor production is related to greater bacterial numbers, reducing conditions, availability of protein substrates, and a pH above neutral...
1996: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry. Supplement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/10953558/-mycotic-disease-of-the-mucous-membranes-of-the-head-and-neck
#18
S Mitrović, D Milosević, D Dankuc, R Jović
INTRODUCTION: Candidiasis is usually a superficial infection of the moist areas of the body and is generally caused by Candida albicans. Visceral infections occur in diabetes, lymphomas and leukemias, malnutrition, avitaminosis and they are associated with antibiotic, corticosteroid and immunosuppressive therapy. Candida albicans was isolated from middle ear inflammation. The diagnosis is made on the basis of microscopic appearance of colonies and characteristic smell. Candidiasis is successfully treated with nystatin, imidazol derivatives (fluconazole, ketoconazole and intraconazole), amphotericin B, 5-fluorocystosine and 1% iodine solution...
January 2000: Medicinski Pregled
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/10910595/clinical-experience-of-ketogenic-diet-on-children-with-refractory-epilepsy
#19
S C Mak, C S Chi, C J Wan
Thirteen children with refractory epilepsy received a ketogenic diet (medium chain triglyceride oil diet) as an alternative therapy since September 1997. Their seizure patterns included (1) generalized tonic-clonic seizures, (2) myoclonic seizures, (3) generalized tonic + atonic seizures, (4) complex partial seizures, (5) generalized clonic + atonic + myoclonic seizures, (6) head nodding + myoclonic + gelastic seizures, and (7) generalized tonic-clonic + myoclonic + atonic seizures. Major concerns emphasized on the efficacy and side effects of the diet...
March 1999: Acta Paediatrica Taiwanica, Taiwan Er Ke Yi Xue Hui za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/10876709/-halitosis-in-two-children-caused-by-a-foreign-body-in-the-nose
#20
T J Haumann, C M Kneepkens
In two boys aged 4.5 and 1.5 years with halitosis a nasal foreign body was found. After removal the foetor disappeared. Little is known about the epidemiology of halitosis in children. Apart from specific odours with certain systemic disorders, local pathology such as chronic sinusitis, upper and lower respiratory tract infections and to a lesser degree gastrointestinal disorders may be the cause of the offensive smell. As in adults, bad breath in children is usually related to poor oral hygiene or disease of the oral cavity...
June 3, 2000: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
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