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Sepideh Gareh Sheyklo, Sakineh Hajebrahimi, Ahmad Moosavi, Fatemeh Pournaghi-Azar, Saber Azami-Aghdash, Morteza Ghojazadeh
Background and aim: Entonox was one of the important methods for pain management in the delivery process. In previous years some studies have assessed the effect of this method in Iran. In this regard, the aim of this study was to systematically review studies addressing the effect of Entonox for pain management in labor. Methods: This systematic review and meta-analysis study was conducted in 2016. The required data was collected using keywords such as "Entonox", "nitrous oxide", "vaginal delivery", "pain relief", "obstetric", "labor pain", and "labor analgesia", from databases including Google scholar, PubMed, Science Direct, Magiran, SID, and Scopus, and hand-searching of related and valid journals and references of articles...
December 2017: Electronic Physician
Omid Ahmadi, Amir Shirvani Dehkordi, Farhad Heydari, Mohammad Nasr Esfahani, Behzad Mahaki
Background: Renal colic is a painful medical emergency, needs urgent intervention to reduce pain. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, opioids, and entonox are pain-relieving agents. This study was aimed to compare fentanyl + entonox (nitrous oxide + O2 ) versus fentanyl + oxygen. Materials and Methods: One hundred and twenty patients with acute renal colic presenting to the emergency department were enrolled. First, 50 μg fentanyl was infused for all patients...
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
Julie E M McCullough, Ciara Close, S Dianne Liddle, Marlene Sinclair, Ciara M Hughes
OBJECTIVE: to investigate the effects of antenatal reflexology on labour outcomes. DESIGN: secondary analysis of a pilot three-armed randomised controlled trial conducted between July 2012 and September 2013. SETTING: a large UK inner city hospital maternity department. PARTICIPANTS: ninety primiparous women with a singleton pregnancy experiencing low back and / or pelvic girdle pain. INTERVENTIONS: six weekly 30-minute reflexology treatments compared to sham (footbath) treatments or usual antenatal care only...
December 2017: Midwifery
Alexander R Robertson, Nicholas A Kennedy, James A Robertson, Nicholas I Church, Colin L Noble
AIM: To compare colonoscopy quality with nitrous oxide gas (Entonox ® ) against intravenous conscious sedation using midazolam plus opioid. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on a prospectively held database of 18608 colonoscopies carried out in Lothian health board hospitals between July 2013 and January 2016. The quality of colonoscopies performed with Entonox was compared to intravenous conscious sedation (abbreviated in this article as IVM). Furthermore, the quality of colonoscopies performed with an unmedicated group was compared to IVM...
September 16, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Parisa Parsa, Nafiseh Saeedzadeh, Ghodratallah Roshanaei, Fatameh Shobeiri, Faryar Hakemzadeh
INTRODUCTION: Labour pain is one of the most severe pain in humans. Fear of labour pain is the most dreadful reason for Caesarean Section (CS). Entonox (a mixture of nitrous oxide+oxygen) is a safe inhalational analgesia during labour pain. AIM: This study investigated the effect of entonox on pain relief and length of labour in nulliparous women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A clinical trial study was conducted among 120 nulliparous women (60 in intervention and 60 in control group) in 2015 in Atieh Hospital, Hamadan city, Iran...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Alireza Sharifian Attar, Atefe Shirinzadeh Feizabadi, Lida Jarahi, Laya Shirinzadeh Feizabadi, Shima Sheybani
BACKGROUND: Pain relief during labour is one of the major concerns in obstetrics; severe labor pain causes fear of the next pregnancy, and interferes with the mother's family relationship. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the analgesic effects of Entonox during labor on reducing the need for pethidine (Meperidine) and fetal-maternal complications. METHODS: This double-blind randomized clinical trial was conducted on pregnant women who were candidates for vaginal delivery in Educational Hospitals of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Iran between January 2014 and November 2015...
December 2016: Electronic Physician
Noshin Mobaraki, Mahzad Yousefian, Solmaz Seifi, Mehran Sakaki
BACKGROUND: The use of pain-relieving drugs during labor is now part of standard care in many countries throughout the world. Each method of pain relief has its own risks and benefits, variations in effectiveness, and availability and acceptability. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of intramuscular pethidine as an analgesic during labor by comparing it to inhaled 50% nitrous oxide (Entonox). METHODS: In this clinical trial study, 100 women who expected to have a natural childbirth were observed...
August 2016: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
Jila Agah, Roya Baghani, Yaser Tabaraei, Abolfazl Rad
Labor pain is one of the most tiresome types of pain. So human has been seeking to allay this pain until now. Administration of a suitable agent such as Entonox during labor is very beneficial for childbirth outcomes. Entonox can be administered in two ways: intermittently and continuously. The aim of this study is to demonstrate whether continuous method is as safe as intermittent method? This randomized clinical trial was performed in Mobini Hospital, Sabzevar, Iran. One hundred admitted women for vaginal delivery were included in this study...
2016: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
Kelly Madden, Philippa Middleton, Allan M Cyna, Mandy Matthewson, Leanne Jones
BACKGROUND: This review is one in a series of Cochrane reviews investigating pain management for childbirth. These reviews all contribute to an overview of systematic reviews of pain management for women in labour, and share a generic protocol. This review updates an earlier version of the review of the same title. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness and safety of hypnosis for pain management during labour and childbirth. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register (30 September 2015) and the reference lists of primary studies and review articles...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Tahereh Fathi Najafi, Narjes Bahri, Hosein Ebrahimipour, Ali Vafaee Najar, Yasamin Molavi Taleghani
INTRODUCTION: In order to prevent medical errors, it is important to know why they occur and to identify their causes. Healthcare failure modes and effects analysis (HFMEA) is a type of qualitative descriptive that is used to evaluate the risk. The aim of this study was to assess the risks of using Entonox for labor pain by HFMEA. METHODS: A mixed-methods design (qualitative action research and quantitative cross-sectional research) was used. The modes and effects of failures in the process of using Entonox were detected and analyzed during 2013-2014 at Hefdahe Shahrivar Hospital, Mashhad, Iran...
March 2016: Electronic Physician
Henrique Horta Veloso
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Critical Care Research and Practice
Kambiz Masoumi, Arash Forouzan, Sina Saghari, Maryam Feli, Ali Reza Sattari, Ali Asgari Darian
The purpose of this study was to determine if the Entonox gas could cause adequate analgesic and sedative effects in patients who need cardioversion. In this randomized not blinded clinical trial, the sedative and analgesic effects of midazolam and fentanyl were compared with Entonox. Eligible patients who need synchronized cardioversion because of dysrhythmia were randomly divided into two groups. The first group received intravenous midazolam and fentanyl; the second group received Entonox through a blower-dependent mask...
2015: Critical Care Research and Practice
Simi Mohan, Ruma Nayak, Reju Joseph Thomas, Vinitha Ravindran
Pediatric pain is often undertreated/neglected due to time constraints, difficulties in timing of oral analgesics, fear of side effects of opioids and anxiolytics, and apprehension of additional pain in the use of local anesthetic injections. In this study, the researcher was prompted to choose rapidly acting interventions that were low dose and allowed the child to stay alert, suitable for a quick discharge. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of Entonox, play therapy, and a combination to relieve procedural pain in children aged 4-15 years...
December 2015: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
L A Miller, H Makins, R Eltringham, R Neighbour
The Diamedica Sevoflurane Inhaler (Diamedica UK Ltd, Bratton Fleming, UK) (DSI) is a breathing system which includes a modification of an existing vaporiser (Diamedica Draw-over Vaporiser, Diamedica UK Ltd, Bratton Fleming, UK), to enable the delivery of 0.8% sevoflurane. Previous studies have suggested that self-administered sevoflurane at sub-anaesthetic concentration can provide useful pain relief during the first stage of labour and that it may be more effective than Entonox. Further research and potential clinical use have been impeded by the lack of a practical delivery system...
July 2015: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
Jessica Lynde, Ollie Zorab
BACKGROUND: Pain presents regularly in a range of medical and traumatic conditions. Ongoing monitoring for STEMI, limb fractures and major trauma, as well as audits on paediatric care have all indicated, however, that adequate pain management is not yet universal. Involvement in the ASCQI project demonstrated the benefits of using QI methods to engage with clinicians, to identify barriers to providing evidence-based care and possible solutions. A QI approach was thus employed to tackle obstacles to optimal pain management, as part of the ASCQI Impact study...
June 2015: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Alex J Ball, Said Din, Mark Donnelly, Stuart A Riley
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Entonox is a 50 : 50 combination of nitrous oxide and oxygen, which may be used to manage pain during colonoscopy. The optimal mode of Entonox administration is unknown. The aim of this study was therefore to compare continuous and as-required Entonox use. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients attending for screening colonoscopy at a single centre were randomized to continuous or as-required Entonox use. The primary outcome measure was the patient's overall pain rating at the time of discharge (verbally administered numerical ratings scale, 0=no pain and 10=extreme pain)...
March 2015: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Jila Agah, Roya Baghani, Seid Hossein Safiabadi Tali, Yaser Tabarraei
BACKGROUND: Entonox (N2O2) which is an inhalational gas for relieving labor pain is commonly used intermittently; however some women are interested in continuous breathing in face mask. So we decided to compare the complications induced by two methods to find out whether it is safe to permit the mothers to use Entonox continuously or not. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This randomized clinical trial was performed in Mobini Hospital, Sabzevar, Iran. 50 parturients used Entonox intermittently and 50 cases used it continuously during labor...
2014: Journal of Pregnancy
Mostafa Abdel-Halim, Suzanne Langley, Manish Kaushal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2013: International Journal of Surgery
R Bevan, H Miller, D Thapa, M Ritchie, J Painter, C Rees
INTRODUCTION: The National Bowel Cancer Screening Programme has been extended to include a one-off flexible sigmoidoscopy (FSIG) to all aged 55, after a large UK study demonstrated reduction in colorectal cancer incidence and death rates when FSIG is performed and adenomas removed. BowelScope screening is being piloted in 6 centres - South of Tyne and Wear (SOTW), Norwich, St Mark's, Surrey, Kent and Medway, and Wolverhampton. SOTW was the first centre to offer screening. METHODS: We describe delivery of BowelScope at SOTW...
June 2014: Gut
R Bevan, C Nickerson, J Patnick, R Loke, B Saunders, J Stebbing, R Tighe, A Veitch, J Painter, Cj Rees
INTRODUCTION: UK population colorectal cancer (CRC) screening has been successfully implemented with Bowel Cancer Screening Programme (BCSP) faecal occult blood testing biannually from age 60-75. A large UK study of once-only flexible sigmoidoscopy (FSIG) demonstrated a reductions in CRC incidence of 33% and death rates of 43% (1). This, with the screening centre infrastructure developed for the FOB programme, allowed provision of a new arm of BCSP, offering FSIG to 55 year olds in England, known as BowelScope screening...
June 2014: Gut
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