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Jason R Kovac, Ryan P Smith, Miguel Cajipe, Dolores J Lamb, Larry I Lipshultz
In couples with infertility, abnormal strict morphology of 0% normal forms (NF) is a criterion to proceed rapidly to in vitro fertilization (IVF). Since no data currently exist, we investigated the outcomes for men with 0% NF to determine reproductive success without the use of assisted reproductive technologies (ART). A cohort of 24 men with 0% NF were identified (2010-2013) with 27 randomly selected men with ≥4% NF as controls. Patient charts were reviewed with men contacted and administered an Institutional Review Board (IRB)-approved telephone questionnaire to ascertain outcomes...
September 30, 2016: Asian Journal of Andrology
María Noel Galardo, Agostina Gorga, Joaquín Pedro Merlo, Mariana Regueira, Eliana Herminia Pellizzari, Selva Beatriz Cigorraga, María Fernanda Riera, Silvina Beatriz Meroni
Hypoxia Inducible Factors (HIFs) are master regulators of glycolytic metabolism. HIFs consist of a constitutive HIFbeta (HIFβ) subunit and a HIFalpha (HIFα) subunit, whose half-life depends on prolyl-hydroxylases activity. Inhibition of prolyl-hydroxylases by hypoxia or transition metals, or augmentation of HIFα subunit levels by hormonal stimuli lead to a higher HIF transcriptional activity. On the other hand, it is well known that lactate produced by Sertoli cells is delivered to and used by germ cells as an energy substrate...
October 14, 2016: Biochimie
Radoslava Vlčková, Drahomíra Sopková, Zuzana Andrejčáková, Igor Valocký, Attila Kádasi, Abdel Halim Harrath, Vladimír Petrilla, Alexander V Sirotkin
Yucca (Yucca schidigera) is a popular medicinal plant due to its many positive effects on animal and human physiology, including their reproductive systems. To examine the effect of supplemental yucca feeding on sheep reproduction, including ovarian functions and their hormonal regulators, ewes were fed (or not fed, control) yucca powder (1.5 g/head/day, 30 days). Macromorphometric indexes of the oviduct, ovary, and ovarian folliculogenesis were measured. Reproductive hormone levels in the blood were measured using a radioimmunoassay...
September 21, 2016: Theriogenology
Ashraf Alyasin, Shayesteh Mehdinejadiani, Marzieh Ghasemi
Routinely, a bolus of 5.000-10.000 IU human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is used for the final follicular maturation and ovulation as a standard method. HCG has the same effect of luteinizing hormone (LH) with long half-life. It has the long lutheotrophic effect which increases the risk of ovarian hyper stimulation syndrome (OHSS). Recently, gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRH-a) trigger has been used for the induction of final follicular maturation and ovulation with the aim of reducing the OHSS risk...
September 2016: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
Batool Hossein Rashidi, Mansoureh Gorginzadeh, Soroush Aalipour, Eric Scott Sills
Objective: To compare serum anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) and other endocrine parameters between patients diagnosed with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and age-matched ovulatory women. Materials and methods: AMH, DHEAS, FSH, LH, PRL, TSH and total testosterone (TT) were prospectively measured in oligo-ovulatory PCOS patients (n = 595) and in ovulatory non-PCOS women (n = 157) referred to a tertiary infertility center. Mean BMI was similar across the two study populations and there were no smokers in the sample...
October 10, 2016: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Neila Marouani, Olfa Tebourbi, Donia Cherif, Dorsaf Hallegue, Mohamed Tahar Yacoubi, Mohsen Sakly, Moncef Benkhalifa, Khemais Ben Rhouma
The 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) is used worldwide in agriculture as a selective herbicide. It has been shown to produce a wide range of adverse effects on the health of both animals and humans from embryotoxicity and teratogenicity to neurotoxicity. In the present study, we have examined the effect of 2,4-D on male reproductive function of rats. Male Wistar rats received daily by force-feeding 100 or 200 mg of 2,4-D/kg body weight for 30 consecutive days. Rats exposed to 100 and 200 mg of 2,4-D/kg showed a significant decrease in body weights only after 24 days of treatment and in relative weights of testis, seminal vesicles and prostate at killing day, when compared with controls...
October 12, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Aslan Demir, Mehmet Uslu, Omer Erkam Arslan
INTRODUCTION: We examined the effect of seasonal variation on sexual behavior and its relationship with testosterone levels. The existence of the inhibiting effect of cold stress on sexual behavior and testosterone levels was our hypothesis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 80 cases, aged between 20 and 35 years old, were enrolled. Blood samples for testosterone, FSH, LH, and prolactin were obtained twice from each participant at the same time of day (before 10 am)...
2016: Central European Journal of Urology
Chunxia Zhu, Yaoting Ji, Shengbo Liu, Zhuan Bian
This study aimed to investigate whether follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)-induced alveolar bone resorption was mediated by a cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) enzyme related mechanism. Experimental periodontitis was induced in bilateral ovariectomized (OVX) rats, some of which were injected with triptorelin, an FSH inhibitor. After mandibles were collected, we performed micro-computed tomography to evaluate alveolar bone loss and immunohistochemical staining to assess COX-2 expression. As well, human periodontal ligament cells (PDLCs) were treated with FSH (30 ng/ml), and the COX-2 mRNA and protein expression levels were measured by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and Western blotting, respectively; prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
Sherman Silber
After fresh or frozen ovary transplantation, FSH levels return to normal, and menstrual cycles resume by 150 days, coincident with anti-Müllerian hormone rising to higher than normal levels. AMH then returns to well below normal levels by 240 days, remaining as such for many years with nonetheless normal ovulation and fertility. To date, 20 babies have been born in our program from 11 fresh and 13 cryopreserved ovary transplant recipients with a live baby rate of over 70 % (11 babies from fresh and 9 from frozen)...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Osama M Ahmed, Hanaa I Fahim, Magdy W Boules, Heba Y Ahmed
The present study aims to assess the toxic effect of latex and ethanolic leaf extract of Calotropis procera (C. procera), in comparison to abamectin, on serum biomarkers of function and histological integrity of heart and testis in male albino rats. To achieve this aim, the albino rats were separately administered 1/20 and 1/10 of LD50 of C. procera latex, ethanolic C. procera leaf extract and abamectin respectively by oral gavage for 4 and 8 weeks. C. procera latex and leaf extract as well as abamectin markedly elevated the activities of serum CK-MB, AST and LDH at the two tested periods in a dose dependent manner...
2016: SpringerPlus
A Acharjee, R Chaube, K P Joy
The commercial fish spawning inducer Ovaprim (OVP) containing a salmon gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogue and domperidone (a dopamine receptor-2 antagonist) has been widely used as an effective spawning inducer in artificial breeding of fishes. It induces a preovulatory LH surge resulting in final oocyte maturation (FOM) and ovulation through a mechanism involving a steroidogenic shift to secrete a maturation-inducing steroid (MIS). In the present study, a 0.5μL/g body weight dose of OVP each injected at 0h and 24h intraperitoneally into gravid female catfish, Heteropneustes fossilis resulted in periovulatory changes in gonadotropin (GtH) subunit gene expression and steroid hormone levels...
October 5, 2016: General and Comparative Endocrinology
Alessandro D Genazzani
Studies over the last decade have demonstrated that some polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients have abnormal insulin sensitivity (insulin resistance), independently from being overweight or obese. This induces the risk of developing type 2 diabetes in such PCOS patients. The use of insulin sensitizers (i.e. metformin), reduces such metabolic, and most hormonal, impairments. As metformin often induces side effects, new integrative strategies have been proposed to treat insulin resistance, such as the use of inositols...
September 16, 2016: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
Hasan Ahmadnia, Alireza Akhavan Rezayat, Mahmood Hoseyni, Nooriye Sharifi, Mohhamad Khajedalooee, Arash Akhavan Rezayat
BACKGROUND: Increased rates of addiction and its broad societal complications are well known. One of the most important systems that may malfunction in drug abusers is the reproductive system, and evaluating patients for this potential risk may lead to increased awareness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty 60-day-old male rats were divided into control and target groups. The target group underwent 5 mg/kg intraperitoneal injections of morphine twice a day while the control group underwent normal saline injections (at the same dosage)...
July 2016: Nephro-urology Monthly
F Acıbucu, D O Acıbucu, Ö B Akkar, H S Dokmetas
Introduction: Radioactive iodine (RAI) ablation treatment is used for patients diagnosed with well-differentiated thyroid cancer in order to reduce the risk of recurrence. RAI ablation treatment can adversely affect gonads in males and females. In this study, we aimed to determine ovary damage and infertility risk due to RAI, using serum anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) level, in females who received RAI ablation treatment. Materials and Methods: 45 female patients who have not gone through the menopause and had received RAI ablation treatment for well-differentiated thyroid cancer in premenopausal period, and 40 healthy females as control groups were included in this study...
October 6, 2016: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
Salvatore Sansalone, Giorgio Ivan Russo, Nicola Mondaini, Francesco Cantiello, Gabriele Antonini, Tommaso Cai
OBJECTIVE: The management of patient affected by premature ejaculation (PE) is nowadays not highly satisfactory. Here, we aimed to evaluate the tolerability and efficacy of a combination of tryptophan, Satureja montana, Tribulus terrestris, Phyllanthus emblica extracts in order to improve sexual quality of life in patients with premature ejaculation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients attending to 5 urological centers from January 2015 to March 2015, due to premature ejaculation were enrolled in this study...
October 5, 2016: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
Somayeh Tavana, Mahnaz Azarnia, Mojtaba Rezazadeh Valojerdi, Abdolhossein Shahverdi
One of the problems encountered during ovarian transplantation is that the number of primordial follicles in the grafts is considerably reduced 2 d after transplantation due to post-transplantation ischemia. This study investigates if the use of hyaluronic acid-based hydrogel (HABH) with and without vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) could prevent or minimize ischemia-induced follicle loss during ovarian autotransplantation and thereby restore ovarian tissue function in the rat model...
October 6, 2016: Biomedical Materials
A M Mahran, D A Elgamal, H H Ghafeer, S A Abdel-Maksoud, A A Farrag
The study aimed to compare the histological features of Leydig cells and macrophages in the testicular interstitium of obstructive versus nonobstructive azoospermia. Thirty-nine azoospermic men undergoing testicular sperm extraction during intracytoplasmic sperm injection were allocated into obstructive azoospermia group (GI) and nonobstructive azoospermia group (GII) which was subdivided into Sertoli cell-only syndrome (GIIA), germ cell arrest (GIIB) and hypospermatogenesis (GIIC) subgroups. Serum LH, FSH and testosterone levels were measured...
October 6, 2016: Andrologia
R Ramachandran Pillai, Leena Sharon, Nancy R Premkumar, Shivanand Kattimani, Haritha Sagili, Soundravally Rajendiran
BACKGROUND: Post-partum depression (PPD) is the common adverse outcome of child bearing which affects the wellbeing of both mother and newborn and has long-term effects. Hence, reliable potential biological tests for early detection of PPD are essential. Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) were associated with depressive disorders and the present study estimated the levels of serum FSH, LH in postpartum depression and explored them as predictive biomarkers in the development of PPD...
September 5, 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
A Dance, J Kastelic, J Thundathil
Beef and dairy bull calves fed a low-nutrition diet during early life had decreased concentrations of circulating insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), delayed increases in testosterone, smaller testes and delayed puberty compared with those fed high-nutrition diets. Although IGF-1 has important roles in Sertoli cell function in rats and mice, this has not been well documented in bulls. The objectives of this study were to: (1) isolate Sertoli cells from bull calves at 8 weeks of age, (2) culture them in vitro and (3) determine the effects of IGF-I, FSH and a combination of both hormones on cell proliferation...
October 5, 2016: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
Lixian Cheng, Hui Shi, Yan Jin, Xiaoxi Li, Jinshun Pan, Yimei Lai, Yan Lin, Ya Jin, Gaurab Roy, Allan Zhao, Fanghong Li
Adipose tissue plays an important role in regulating female fertility owing to not only its energy stores but also the endocrine actions of secreted adipokines. As one of the adipokines, adiponectin is almost exclusively secreted from the fat and its circulating concentration is paradoxically reduced in obesity. Although recent studies implied a purported positive role of adiponectin in ovarian functions, definitive in vivo evidence has been sorely lacking. We have consistently observed subfertility in female adiponectin null mice, and therefore postulated a protective role of adiponectin in ovarian functions...
October 4, 2016: Endocrinology
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