keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Temperature management

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724100/ammonia-and-nitrous-oxide-emissions-from-broiler-houses-with-downtime-windrowed-litter
#1
Kyoung S Ro, Philip A Moore, Ariel A Szogi, Patricia D Millner
An emerging poultry manure management practice is in-house windrowing to disinfect the litter. However, this practice is likely to increase emissions of ammonia (NH) and nitrous oxide (NO) from the windrowed litter. The objective of this study was to quantitatively compare NH and NO emissions from broiler houses with and without in-house windrowing. Two broiler houses at a commercial farm were used to compare the NH and NO emissions. Gas emission measurements were conducted continuously and simultaneously for both the control house (without windrowing) and the house with windrowing during the same production periods...
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724094/temperature-impacts-on-soil-microbial-communities-and-potential-implications-for-the-biodegradation-of-turfgrass-pesticides
#2
Lisa M Reedich, Michael D Millican, Paul L Koch
Maintaining healthy turfgrass often results in the use of pesticides to manage weed, insect, and disease pests. To identify and understand potential nontarget impacts of pesticide usage while still maintaining attractive and functional turfgrass sites, it is important to improve our understanding of how pesticides degrade in various environments throughout the growing season. Temperature heavily influences microbial community composition and activity, and the microbial community often heavily influences pesticide degradation in soil ecosystems...
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724091/effect-of-environmental-conditions-on-the-degradation-of-florasulam-in-typical-soils-of-northern-china
#3
Wangcang Su, Hongle Xu, Hongdan Hao, Renhai Wu, Hengliang Wang, Chuantao Lu
The widespread use of florasulam in China makes residues from this herbicide in soil a serious concern due to their potential to pollute the soil environment and groundwater. Accelerating the degradation of these residues will reduce their pollution potential. In this study, we investigated the degradation and adsorption of florasulam in four typical soils in northern China and examined the degradation of florasulam in Inceptisols at different temperatures, soil moisture contents, and pH values, as well as the influence of microorganisms and the use of organic matter and biogas slurry as soil amendments...
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721624/on-the-successful-use-of-a-simplified-model-to-simulate-the-succession-of-toxic-cyanobacteria-in-a-hypereutrophic-reservoir-with-a-highly-fluctuating-water-level
#4
Ali Fadel, Bruno J Lemaire, Brigitte Vinçon-Leite, Ali Atoui, Kamal Slim, Bruno Tassin
Many freshwater bodies worldwide that suffer from harmful algal blooms would benefit for their management from a simple ecological model that requires few field data, e.g. for early warning systems. Beyond a certain degree, adding processes to ecological models can reduce model predictive capabilities. In this work, we assess whether a simple ecological model without nutrients is able to describe the succession of cyanobacterial blooms of different species in a hypereutrophic reservoir and help understand the factors that determine these blooms...
July 18, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720760/exploring-spatial-and-temporal-trends-in-the-soundscape-of-an-ecologically-significant-embayment
#5
R L Putland, R Constantine, C A Radford
The Hauraki Gulf, a shallow embayment in north-eastern New Zealand, provides an interesting environment for ecological soundscape research. It is situated on a tectonic plate boundary, contains one of the busiest ports in the southern hemisphere and is home to a diverse range of soniferous animals. The underwater soundscape was monitored for spatial and temporal trends at six different listening stations using passive acoustic recorders. The RMS sound pressure level of ambient sound (50-24,000 Hz) at the six listening stations was similar, ranging from 90-110 dB re 1 μPa throughout the recording period...
July 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719515/anaesthetic-management-of-patients-with-myopathies
#6
Mark Schieren, Jerome Defosse, Andreas Böhmer, Frank Wappler, Mark U Gerbershagen
: The anaesthetic management of patients with myopathies is challenging. Considering the low incidence and heterogeneity of these disorders, most anaesthetists are unfamiliar with key symptoms, associated co-morbidities and implications for anaesthesia. The pre-anaesthetic assessment aims at the detection of potentially undiagnosed myopathic patients and, in case of known or suspected muscular disease, on the quantification of disease progression. Ancillary testing (e.g. echocardiography, ECG, lung function testing etc...
July 15, 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718257/risk-factors-for-heat-related-deaths-during-the-june-2015-heat-wave-in-karachi-pakistan
#7
Syed Ghazanfar Saleem, Tehreem Ansari, Ashraf Shamshad Ali, Sara Fatima, Mariam Hassan Rizvi, Muhammad Abdul Samad
BACKGROUND: Mortality as a consequence of heat related illness is a public health concern. Emergency department (ED) experiences increased patients' flow and decreased survival as a consequence of heat stroke during the episodes of heat wave. The present study was conducted to identify the risk factors for mortality among victims of heat wave (17th - 23rd June), 2015 evaluated in the Emergency Department of The Indus Hospital (TIH), Karachi. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study data was retrospectively collected...
April 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716150/swedish-norwegian-co-operation-in-the-treatment-of-three-hypothermia-victims-a-case-report
#8
Anders Wetting Carlsen, Nils K Skjaervold, Nils Johan Berg, Øystein Karlsen, Eli Gunnarson, Alexander Wahba
BACKGROUND: Accidental hypothermia with cardiac arrest represents a challenge for pre-hospital rescuers as well as in-hospital staff. For pre-hospital personnel, the main focus is to get the patient to the correct destination without unnecessary delay. For in-hospital personnel early information is vital to assess the possibility for resuscitation with extracorporeal re-warming. The challenge is augmented when rescuers must cross national borders to reach and/or deliver the patients. We present a case where three adolescent boys suffered severe hypothermia after a canoeing accident in Sweden...
July 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715388/measuring-the-densities-of-aqueous-glasses-at-cryogenic-temperatures
#9
Chen Shen, Ethan F Julius, Timothy J Tyree, Ritwik Dan, David W Moreau, Robert Thorne
We demonstrate a method for determining the vitreous phase cryogenic temperature densities of aqueous mixtures, and other samples that require rapid cooling, to prepare the desired cryogenic temperature phase. Microliter to picoliter size drops are cooled by projection into a liquid nitrogen-argon (N2-Ar) mixture. The cryogenic temperature phase of the drop is evaluated using a visual assay that correlates with X-ray diffraction measurements. The density of the liquid N2-Ar mixture is adjusted by adding N2 or Ar until the drop becomes neutrally buoyant...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714884/design-and-implementation-of-a-smart-home-system-using-multisensor-data-fusion-technology
#10
Yu-Liang Hsu, Po-Huan Chou, Hsing-Cheng Chang, Shyan-Lung Lin, Shih-Chin Yang, Heng-Yi Su, Chih-Chien Chang, Yuan-Sheng Cheng, Yu-Chen Kuo
This paper aims to develop a multisensor data fusion technology-based smart home system by integrating wearable intelligent technology, artificial intelligence, and sensor fusion technology. We have developed the following three systems to create an intelligent smart home environment: (1) a wearable motion sensing device to be placed on residents' wrists and its corresponding 3D gesture recognition algorithm to implement a convenient automated household appliance control system; (2) a wearable motion sensing device mounted on a resident's feet and its indoor positioning algorithm to realize an effective indoor pedestrian navigation system for smart energy management; (3) a multisensor circuit module and an intelligent fire detection and alarm algorithm to realize a home safety and fire detection system...
July 15, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713631/percutaneous-cervical-laser-diskectomy-thermoannuloplasty-and-thermonucleoplasty-comparable-results-without-surgery
#11
EDITORIAL
Nancy E Epstein
BACKGROUND: Utilizing the literature, the results of three different minimally invasive surgery (MIS) anterior cervical percutaneous operations for neck/mild radicular pain and magnetic resonance (MR)-documented "contained" (not extruded/sequestrated) discs were evaluated. Results were compared with patients treated nonsurgically for comparable/greater neurological compromise, and even more severe cervical disc disease. METHODS: There were three MIS percutaneous anterior cervical discectomy procedures...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713397/fitness-outcomes-related-to-glyphosate-resistance-in-kochia-kochia-scoparia-what-life-history-stage-to-examine
#12
Omobolanle Adewale Osipitan, Johanna Anita Dille
A fast-spreading weed, kochia (Kochia scoparia), has developed resistance to the widely-used herbicide, glyphosate. Understanding the relationship between the occurrence of glyphosate resistance caused by multiple EPSPS gene copies and kochia fitness may suggest a more effective way of controlling kochia. A study was conducted to assess fitness cost of glyphosate resistance compared to susceptibility in kochia populations at different life history stages, that is rate of seed germination, increase in plant height, days to flowering, biomass accumulation at maturity, and fecundity...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713358/aquarium-viromes-viromes-of-human-managed-aquatic-systems
#13
Yiseul Kim, William Van Bonn, Tiong G Aw, Joan B Rose
An aquarium ecosystem is home to many animal species providing conditions similar to native aquatic habitats but under highly controlled management. With a growing interest in understanding the interaction of microbiomes and resident animal health within aquarium environments, we undertook a metagenomic survey of viromes in seven aquarium systems with differing physicochemical and resident animal profiles. Our results show that a diverse array of viruses was represented in aquarium viromes, many of which were widespread in different aquarium systems (27 common viral families in all of the aquarium systems)...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713043/auditory-discrimination-improvement-predicts-awakening-of-postanoxic-comatose-patients-treated-with-targeted-temperature-management-at-36%C3%A2-c
#14
Christian Pfeiffer, Nathalie Ata Nguepno Nguissi, Magali Chytiris, Phanie Bidlingmeyer, Matthias Haenggi, Rebekka Kurmann, Frédéric Zubler, Mauro Oddo, Andrea O Rossetti, Marzia De Lucia
BACKGROUND: Outcome prognostication in postanoxic comatose patients is more accurate in predicting poor than good recovery. Using electroencephalography recordings in patients treated with targeted temperature management at 33°C (TTM 33), we have previously shown that improvement in auditory discrimination over the first days of coma predicted awakening. Given the increased application of a 36°C temperature target (TTM 36), here we aimed at validating the predictive value of auditory discrimination in the TTM 36 setting...
July 13, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712824/full-coverage-spatial-distribution-of-epibenthic-communities-in-the-south-eastern-north-sea-in-relation-to-habitat-characteristics-and-fishing-effort
#15
Hermann Neumann, Rabea Diekmann, Kay-Christian Emeis, Ulrike Kleeberg, Andreas Moll, Ingrid Kröncke
Full-coverage spatial data of occurrence and a detailed description of habitat requirements of epibenthic communities are needed in many conservation and management contexts. In the North Sea the focus has so far been on small benthic infauna, whereas structure and ecosystem functions of larger epifaunal communities have been largely ignored. This study provides a comprehensive analysis of epibenthic community structure in the south-eastern North Sea, including a detailed inventory of species, diversity and spatially contiguous distribution of communities...
July 6, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712134/phenotypic-and-genotypic-characterisation-of-clinically-relevant-bacteria-isolated-from-dental-waste-and-waste-workers-hands-mucosas-and-coats
#16
Thaysa Leite Tagliaferri, Cristina Dutra Vieira, Maria Auxiliadora Roque de Carvalho, Luiz Carlos Duarte Ladeira, Paula Prazeres Magalhães, Luiz de Macêdo Farias, Simone Gonçalves Dos Santos
Infectious wastes are potential sources of pathogenic microorganisms, which may represent a risk to the professionals who manage them. In this study we aimed to characterize the infectious bacteria present in dental waste and waste workers. The dental waste produced over 24 hours was collected and waste workers were sampled by swabbing. Isolate resistance profiles were characterized by Vitek(®) and PCR and biofilm formation by Congo Red agar, string test and microtiter assay. To assess similarity between the waste and the workers' samples, a random amplified polymorphic DNA test was used...
July 16, 2017: Letters in Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711304/comparing-reach-chemical-safety-assessment-information-with-practice-a-case-study-of-polymethylmethacrylate-pmma-in-floor-coating-in-the-netherlands
#17
Ton Spee, Daan Huizer
On June 1st, 2007 the European regulation on Registration, Evaluation and Restriction of Chemical substances (REACH) came into force. Aim of the regulation is safe use of chemicals for humans and for the environment. The core element of REACH is chemical safety assessment of chemicals and communication of health and safety hazards and risk management measures throughout the supply chain. Extended Safety Data Sheets (Ext-SDS) are the primary carriers of health and safety information. The aim of our project was to find out whether the actual exposure to methyl methacrylate (MMA) during the application of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) in floor coatings as assessed in the chemical safety assessment, reflect the exposure situations as observed in the Dutch building practice...
June 4, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711259/effect-of-dairy-product-environment-on-the-growth-of-bacillus-cereus
#18
E Tirloni, E Ghelardi, F Celandroni, C Bernardi, S Stella
pH is one of the most important parameters to manage bacterial replication in foodstuffs. In this study, the ability of 2 Bacillus cereus strains, one clinical human isolate (GPe2) and one isolate from a dairy products (D43), were investigated for the in vitro growth at different pH values (from 3.5 to 7.5) at 2 temperatures (15 and 37°C), showing their ability to grow from 5.5 to 7.5 and from 5.0 to 7.5, respectively. The ability of spores of these 2 microorganisms to germinate in different typologies of dairy products (unflavored yogurt, Taleggio cheese, mascarpone cheese, and raw and pasteurized milk) was also investigated by inoculating the spores and maintaining the products at 15°C...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711002/effect-of-temperature-on-sulfonamide-antibiotics-degradation-and-on-antibiotic-resistance-determinants-and-hosts-in-animal-manures
#19
Hui Lin, Jin Zhang, Hongjin Chen, Jianmei Wang, Wanchun Sun, Xin Zhang, Yuyi Yang, Qiang Wang, Junwei Ma
Animal manure is a main reservoir of antibiotic residues and antibiotic resistance. Here, the effect of temperature on sulfonamide antibiotics (SAs), sulfonamide-resistant (SR) genes/bacteria was investigated by aerobically incubating swine and chicken manures at different temperatures. In swine manure, the SAs concentration declined with increasing temperature, with a minimum at 60°C. In chicken manure, the greatest degradation of SAs was noted at 30°C. The reduction of relative abundance of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) and sul-positive hosts in swine manure was more pronounced during thermophilic than mesospheric incubation; neither temperature conditions effectively reduced these parameters in chicken manure...
July 12, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710882/mid-trimester-preterm-premature-rupture-of-membranes-pprom-etiology-diagnosis-classification-international-recommendations-of-treatment-options-and-outcome
#20
REVIEW
Michael Tchirikov, Natalia Schlabritz-Loutsevitch, James Maher, Jörg Buchmann, Yuri Naberezhnev, Andreas S Winarno, Gregor Seliger
Mid-trimester preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM), defined as rupture of fetal membranes prior to 28 weeks of gestation, complicates approximately 0.4%-0.7% of all pregnancies. This condition is associated with a very high neonatal mortality rate as well as an increased risk of long- and short-term severe neonatal morbidity. The causes of the mid-trimester PPROM are multifactorial. Altered membrane morphology including marked swelling and disruption of the collagen network which is seen with PPROM can be triggered by bacterial products or/and pro-inflammatory cytokines...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
keyword
keyword
29809
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"