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Temperature management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433817/climate-change-risks-extinction-debt-and-conservation-implications-for-a-threatened-freshwater-fish-carmine-shiner-notropis-percobromus
#1
Shubha N Pandit, Bryan M Maitland, Laxmi K Pandit, Mark S Poesch, Eva C Enders
Climate change is affecting many freshwater species, particularly fishes. Predictions of future climate change suggest large and deleterious effects on species with narrow dispersal abilities due to limited hydrological connectivity. In turn, this creates the potential for population isolation in thermally unsuitable habitats, leading to physiological stress, species declines or possible extirpation. The current extent of many freshwater fish species' spatio-temporal distribution patterns and their sensitivity to thermal impacts from climate change - critical information for conservation planning - are often unknown...
April 20, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433768/response-of-evapotranspiration-to-changes-in-land-use-and-land-cover-and-climate-in-china-during-2001-2013
#2
Gen Li, Fangmin Zhang, Yuanshu Jing, Yibo Liu, Ge Sun
Land surface evapotranspiration (ET) is a central component of the Earth's global energy balance and water cycle. Understanding ET is important in quantifying the impacts of human influences on the hydrological cycle and thus helps improving water use efficiency and strengthening water use planning and watershed management. China has experienced tremendous land use and land cover changes (LUCC) as a result of urbanization and ecological restoration under a broad background of climate change. This study used MODIS data products to analyze how LUCC and climate change affected ET in China in the period 2001-2013...
April 20, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432930/an-innovative-procedure-for-norm-scales-treatment-and-radionuclides-separation
#3
Jamal Al Abdullah, Mohammad Said Al-Masri, Yusr Amin, Hussam Khalily, Mohammad Ammar, Samer Nassour
The present study focuses on the development of a new chemical treatment method for naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM) scale wastes from the oil industry. The method consists of three-stages, including the separation of oil using the Fenton oxidation process at room temperature, the complete dissolution of soluble and slightly soluble salts and separation of Ra and Pb isotopes. The proposed method can be considered as an innovative procedure for NORM scales treatment and radionuclides separation, which in turn support the radioactive waste management with economic benefits...
April 5, 2017: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432023/pulmonary-embolism-related-sudden-cardiac-arrest-admitted-alive-at-hospital-management-and-outcomes
#4
Wulfran Bougouin, Eloi Marijon, Benjamin Planquette, Nicole Karam, Florence Dumas, David S Celermajer, Daniel Jost, Lionel Lamhaut, Frankie Beganton, Alain Cariou, Guy Meyer, Xavier Jouven
AIM: Pulmonary Embolism (PE) is a relatively common cardiovascular condition, occasionally and tragically manifesting as Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA). The natural history of SCA complicating PE has been poorly evaluated.In this study, we described the management and outcome of PE-related SCA. METHODS: In this prospective population-based study, we included all patients admitted at hospital alive after out-of- hospital SCA, in Paris and suburbs, France (6.6 million inhabits), from May 2011 to September 2015...
April 18, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431858/third-trimester-preterm-and-term-premature-rupture-of-membranes-is-there-any-difference-in-maternal-characteristics-and-pregnancy-outcomes
#5
Ivana Chandra, Lizhou Sun
BACKGROUND: The clinical significance and management of preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) remains a topic of a controversy. Although PROM is associated with a low rate of complications, PPROM may lead to significant neonatal and maternal morbidity. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of 714 women who presented to Jiangsu Province Hospital with third trimester PPROM or PROM between January and December 2015. The data were analyzed by SPSS; the significance of maternal characteristics, and maternal and neonatal outcomes were tested using Student's t test and the χ(2) test...
April 18, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429531/sugar-enrichment-provides-evidence-for-a-role-of-nitrogen-fixation-in-coral-bleaching
#6
Claudia Pogoreutz, Nils Rädecker, Anny Cárdenas, Astrid Gärdes, Christian R Voolstra, Christian Wild
The disruption of the coral-algae symbiosis (coral bleaching) due to rising sea surface temperatures has become an unprecedented global threat to coral reefs. Despite decades of research, our ability to manage mass bleaching events remains hampered by an incomplete mechanistic understanding of the processes involved. In this study, we induced a coral bleaching phenotype in the absence of heat and light stress by adding sugars. The sugar addition resulted in coral symbiotic breakdown accompanied by a fourfold increase of coral-associated microbial nitrogen fixation...
April 21, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428848/modeling-activity-patterns-of-wildlife-using-time-series-analysis
#7
Jindong Zhang, Vanessa Hull, Zhiyun Ouyang, Liang He, Thomas Connor, Hongbo Yang, Jinyan Huang, Shiqiang Zhou, Zejun Zhang, Caiquan Zhou, Hemin Zhang, Jianguo Liu
The study of wildlife activity patterns is an effective approach to understanding fundamental ecological and evolutionary processes. However, traditional statistical approaches used to conduct quantitative analysis have thus far had limited success in revealing underlying mechanisms driving activity patterns. Here, we combine wavelet analysis, a type of frequency-based time-series analysis, with high-resolution activity data from accelerometers embedded in GPS collars to explore the effects of internal states (e...
April 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428846/long-term-and-widespread-changes-in-agricultural-practices-influence-ring-necked-pheasant-abundance-in-california
#8
Peter S Coates, Brianne E Brussee, Kristy B Howe, Joseph P Fleskes, Ian A Dwight, Daniel P Connelly, Matt G Meshriy, Scott C Gardner
Declines in bird populations in agricultural regions of North America and Europe have been attributed to agricultural industrialization, increases in use of agrochemical application, and increased predation related to habitat modification. Based on count data compiled from Breeding Bird Survey (BBS) from 1974 to 2012, Christmas Bird Count (CBC) collected from 1914 to 2013, and hunter data from Annual Game Take Survey (AGTS) for years 1948-2010, ring-necked pheasants (Phasianus colchicus) in California have experienced substantial declines in agricultural environments...
April 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426726/vibrotactile-stimulation-a-non-pharmacological-intervention-for-opioid-exposed-newborns
#9
Ian Zuzarte, Premananda Indic, Bruce Barton, David Paydarfar, Francis Bednarek, Elisabeth Bloch-Salisbury
OBJECTIVE: To examine the therapeutic potential of stochastic vibrotactile stimulation (SVS) as a complementary non-pharmacological intervention for withdrawal in opioid-exposed newborns. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective, within-subjects single-center study was conducted in 26 opioid-exposed newborns (>37 weeks; 16 male) hospitalized since birth and treated pharmacologically for Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome. A specially-constructed mattress delivered low-level SVS (30-60Hz, 10-12μm RMS), alternated in 30-min intervals between continuous vibration (ON) and no vibration (OFF) over a 6-8 hr session...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426682/automated-measurement-of-cattle-surface-temperature-and-its-correlation-with-rectal-temperature
#10
HongXiang Kou, YiQiang Zhao, Kang Ren, XiaoLi Chen, YongQiang Lu, Dong Wang
The body temperature of cattle varies regularly with both the reproductive cycle and disease status. Establishing an automatic method for monitoring body temperature may facilitate better management of reproduction and disease control in cattle. Here, we developed an Automatic Measurement System for Cattle's Surface Temperature (AMSCST) to measure the temperature of metatarsus by attaching a special shell designed to fit the anatomy of cattle's hind leg. Using AMSCST, the surface temperature (ST) on the metatarsus of the hind leg was successively measured during 24 hours a day with an interval of one hour in three tested seasons...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426467/neuron-specific-enolase-predicts-poor-outcome-after-cardiac-arrest-and-targeted-temperature-management-a-multicenter-study-on-1-053-patients
#11
Kaspar Josche Streitberger, Christoph Leithner, Michael Wattenberg, Peter H Tonner, Julia Hasslacher, Michael Joannidis, Tommaso Pellis, Elena Di Luca, Markus Födisch, Alexander Krannich, Christoph J Ploner, Christian Storm
OBJECTIVE: Outcome prediction after cardiac arrest is important to decide on continuation or withdrawal of intensive care. Neuron-specific enolase is an easily available, observer-independent prognostic biomarker. Recent studies have yielded conflicting results on its prognostic value after targeted temperature management. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS: We analyzed neuron-specific enolase serum concentrations 3 days after nontraumatic in-hospital cardiac arrest and out-of-hospital cardiac arrest and outcome of patients from five hospitals in Germany, Austria, and Italy...
April 6, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424204/a-species-on-a-tightrope-establishment-limitations-of-an-endangered-lichen-in-a-fragmented-mediterranean-landscape
#12
Juan Luis H Cardós, Gregorio Aragón, Isabel Martínez
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Habitat loss and forest fragmentation affect the dispersal and establishment of species. Furthermore, populations growing far from the species' optimal climate might be less viable because good-quality habitat can be scarce and easily altered by smaller changes. The lichen Pectenia plumbea has oceanic climatic requirements, so in the Mediterranean region it needs the humidity provided by well-preserved forests to thrive, but most of this habitat has disappeared and the remnants are fragmented...
April 19, 2017: American Journal of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423429/modeling-temperature-dependent-development-of-glyphodes-pyloalis-lepidoptera-pyralidae
#13
Zohreh Moallem, Azadeh Karimi-Malati, Ahad Sahragard, Arash Zibaee
Development of Glyphodes pyloalis Walker was studied under laboratory conditions at constant temperatures of 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, 30, 32, and 36 °C. No development occurred at 36 °C. Although eggs hatched at 12 ºC, no larvae were capable of developing to adult stage. At 16 ºC, survival rate was low (4%) and prepupal stage lasted 101.68 ± 11.03 d. Larvae completed development through six stadia at 16, 30, and 32 °C. Developmental time of overall immature stages varied from 46.62 d at 20 °C to 22...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420471/-mixed-venous-arterial-carbon-dioxide-difference-combined-with-passive-leg-raising-in-guiding-volume-management-for-patients-post-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#14
Likun Huo, Peijun Li, Chang Xie, Chenglei Yan, Jie Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether mixed venous-arterial carbon dioxide difference (Pv-aCO2) combined with passive leg raising (PLR) could better guide volume management for patients post off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG). METHODS: Eighty patients experienced OPCABG, and admitted to Tianjin Chest Hospital from June 1st to October 1st in 2016 were enrolled. They were randomly divided into two groups: observation group given Pv-aCO2 combined with PLR directed therapy and control group given central venous pressure (CVP) directed therapy, 40 cases in each group...
April 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420130/gaseous-elemental-mercury-and-total-and-leached-mercury-in-building-materials-from-the-former-hg-mining-area-of-abbadia-san-salvatore-central-italy
#15
Orlando Vaselli, Barbara Nisi, Daniele Rappuoli, Jacopo Cabassi, Franco Tassi
Mercury has a strong environmental impact since both its organic and inorganic forms are toxic, and it represents a pollutant of global concern. Liquid Hg is highly volatile and can be released during natural and anthropogenic processes in the hydrosphere, biosphere and atmosphere. In this study, the distribution of Gaseous Elemental Mercury (GEM) and the total and leached mercury concentrations on paint, plaster, roof tiles, concrete, metals, dust and wood structures were determined in the main buildings and structures of the former Hg-mining area of Abbadia San Salvatore (Siena, Central Italy)...
April 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420038/retrospective-evaluation-of-coyote-attacks-in-dogs-154-cases-1997-2012
#16
Virginia M Frauenthal, Philip Bergman, Robert J Murtaugh
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical presentation and outcome of known attacks in client-owned dogs caused by the common coyote, Canis latrans. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. SETTING: Private referral hospital. ANIMALS: One hundred fifty-four client-owned dogs known to be attacked by coyotes. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Records from a private referral hospital from May 1997 through December 2012 were reviewed...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416250/therapeutic-hypothermia-for-neonates-with-hypoxic-ischemic-encephalopathy
#17
REVIEW
Ming-Chou Chiang, Yuh-Jyh Jong, Chyi-Her Lin
Therapeutic hypothermia (TH) is a recommended regimen for newborn infants who are at or near term with evolving moderate-to-severe hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). The Task Force of the Taiwan Child Neurology Society and the Taiwan Society of Neonatology held a joint meeting in 2015 to establish recommendations for using TH on newborn patients with HIE. Based on current evidence and experts' experiences, this review article summarizes the key points and recommendations regarding TH for newborns with HIE, including: (1) selection criteria for TH; (2) choices of method and equipment for TH; (3) TH prior to and during transport; (4) methods for temperature maintenance, monitoring, and rewarming; (5) systemic care of patients during TH, including the care of respiratory and cardiovascular systems, management of fluids, electrolytes, and nutrition, as well as sedation and drug metabolism; (6) monitoring and management of seizures; (7) neuroimaging, prognostic factors, and outcomes; and (8) adjuvant therapy for TH...
March 27, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413649/hazardous-factors-besides-infection-in-hypoglycemia
#18
Yu-Jang Su, Yen-Chun Lai, Chia-Jung Liao
Hypoglycemia is one of the most common issues encountered in daily emergency practice. In addition to the treatment of hypoglycemia, certain other situations concomitant with hypoglycemia require further treatment. The aim of the present study was to compare demographic and clinical characteristics of infected [urinary tract infection (UTI), pneumonia or biliary tract infection (BTI)] vs. non-infected hypoglycemic patients to establish which hypoglycemic patients required further observation or hospitalization...
April 2017: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413524/perioperative-complications-in-endovascular-neurosurgery-anesthesiologist-s-perspective
#19
Megha U Sharma, Pragati Ganjoo, Daljit Singh, Monica S Tandon, Jyotsna Agarwal, Durga P Sharma, Anita Jagetia
BACKGROUND: Endovascular neurosurgery is known to be associated with potentially serious perioperative complications that can impact the course and outcome of anesthesia. We present here our institutional experience in the anesthetic management of various endovascular neurosurgical procedures and their related complications over a 10-year period. METHODS: Data was obtained in 240 patients pertaining to their preoperative status, details of anesthesia and surgery, perioperative course and surgery-related complications...
January 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410890/pyrolysis-of-automotive-shredder-residue-in-a-bench-scale-rotary-kiln
#20
Michele Notarnicola, Giacinto Cornacchia, Sabino De Gisi, Francesco Di Canio, Cesare Freda, Pietro Garzone, Maria Martino, Vito Valerio, Antonio Villone
Automotive shredder residue (ASR) can create difficulties when managing, with its production increasing. It is made of different type of plastics, foams, elastomers, wood, glasses and textiles. For this reason, it is complicated to dispose of in a cost effective way, while also respecting the stringent environmental restrictions. Among thermal treatments, pyrolysis seems to offer an environmentally attractive method for the treatment of ASR; it also allows for the recovery of valuable secondary materials/fuels such as pyrolysis oils, chars, and gas...
April 11, 2017: Waste Management
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