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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035166/strengthening-expertise-for-health-technology-assessment-and-priority-setting-in-africa
#1
Jane E Doherty, Thomas Wilkinson, Ijeoma Edoka, Karen Hofman
BACKGROUND: Achieving sustainable universal health coverage depends partly on fair priority-setting processes that ensure countries spend scarce resources wisely. While general health economics capacity-strengthening initiatives exist in Africa, less attention has been paid to developing the capacity of individuals, institutions and networks to apply economic evaluation in support of health technology assessment and effective priority-setting. OBJECTIVE: On the basis of international  lessons, to identify how research organisations and partnerships could contribute to capacity strengthening for health technology assessment and priority-setting in Africa...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033088/evaluation-of-effect-of-foraminal-enlargement-of-necrotic-teeth-on-postoperative-symptoms-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Erlange Andrade Borges Silva, Ludmila Silva Guimarães, Erika Calvano Küchler, Lívia Azeredo A Antunes, Leonardo Santos Antunes
INTRODUCTION: The intentional enlargement of the apical foramen is designed to reduce the microbial load in the apical foramen, or even beyond, to levels more favorable for repair. This study provides a systematic review and meta-analysis to address the PICOS question: in adult patients who undergo endodontic treatment, does foraminal enlargement (FE) cause different postoperative symptoms in comparison with conventional endodontic treatment? METHODS: The PROSPERO registration number is CRD42017059921 and was conducted following the PRISMA statements...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032069/woman-s-pre-conception-evaluation-genetic-and-fetal-risk-considerations-for-counselling-and-informed-choice
#3
REVIEW
R Douglas Wilson
OBJECTIVE: To inform reproductive and other health care providers about genetic and fetal risk information to consider during a woman/couples' pre-conception evaluation, including considerations for genetic risk assessment, genetic screening, or testing to allow for improved counselling and informed choice. OPTIONS: This genetic information can be used for patient education, planning, and possible pre-conception and/or prenatal testing. OUTCOMES: This information may allow improved risk assessment for pre-conception counselling for individual patients and their families...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031648/a-historical-account-of-the-governance-of-midwifery-education-in-australia-and-the-evolution-of-the-continuity-of-care-experience
#4
Olivia Tierney, Linda Sweet, Don Houston, Lyn Ebert
BACKGROUND: Midwifery programs leading to registration as a midwife in Australia have undergone significant change over the last 20 years. During this time accreditation and governance around midwifery education has been reviewed and refined, moving from state to national jurisdiction. A major change has been the mandated inclusion of Continuity of Care Experiences as a clinical practice-based learning component. AIM: The purpose of this discussion is to present the history of the governance and accreditation of Australian midwifery programs...
October 11, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028500/neural-network-topology-in-adhd-evidence-for-maturational-delay-and-default-mode-network-alterations
#5
T W P Janssen, A Hillebrand, A Gouw, K Geladé, R Van Mourik, A Maras, J Oosterlaan
OBJECTIVE: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been associated with widespread brain abnormalities in white and grey matter, affecting not only local, but global functional networks as well. In this study, we explored these functional networks using source-reconstructed electroencephalography in ADHD and typically developing (TD) children. We expected evidence for maturational delay, with underlying abnormalities in the default mode network. METHODS: Electroencephalograms were recorded in ADHD (n=42) and TD (n=43) during rest, and functional connectivity (phase lag index) and graph (minimum spanning tree) parameters were derived...
September 23, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025843/preparing-the-prescription-a-review-of-the-aim-and-measurement-of-social-referral-programmes
#6
Emily S Rempel, Emma N Wilson, Hannah Durrant, Julie Barnett
OBJECTIVE: Our aim is to review, and qualitatively evaluate, the aims and measures of social referral programmes. Our first objective is to identify the aims of social referral initiatives. Our second objective is to identify the measures used to evaluate whether the aims of social referral were met. DESIGN: Literature review. BACKGROUND: Social referral programmes, also called social prescribing and emergency case referral, link primary and secondary healthcare with community services, often under the guise of decreasing health system costs...
October 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025838/association-between-childhood-allergic-diseases-educational-attainment-and-occupational-status-in-later-life-systematic-review-protocol
#7
Laura Beate von Kobyletzki, Linda Beckman, Liam Smeeth, Martin McKee, Jennifer K Quint, Katrina Abuabara, Sinead Langan
INTRODUCTION: Childhood allergic diseases may prevent affected children from achieving their academic potential. Potential mechanisms include absence from school due to illness and medical appointments. Experience of symptoms in classes or leisure time, and stigma associated with visible signs and symptoms, including skin disease, requirements for medication during school time or the need for specific diets, may also contribute to reduced educational attainment. Studies have investigated the association between specific allergic diseases and educational attainment...
October 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025633/association-between-male-circumcision-and-women-s-biomedical-health-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#8
Jonathan M Grund, Tyler S Bryant, Inimfon Jackson, Kelly Curran, Naomi Bock, Carlos Toledo, Joanna Taliano, Sheng Zhou, Jorge Martin Del Campo, Ling Yang, Apollo Kivumbi, Peizi Li, Sherri Pals, Stephanie M Davis
BACKGROUND: Male circumcision reduces men's risk of acquiring HIV and some sexually transmitted infections from heterosexual exposure, and is essential for HIV prevention in sub-Saharan Africa. Studies have also investigated associations between male circumcision and risk of acquisition of HIV and sexually transmitted infections in women. We aimed to review all evidence on associations between male circumcision and women's health outcomes to benefit women's health programmes. METHODS: In this systematic review we searched for peer-reviewed and grey literature publications reporting associations between male circumcision and women's health outcomes up to April 11, 2016...
November 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025489/evidence-based-interventions-to-reduce-tuberculosis-stigma-a-systematic-review
#9
N Sommerland, E Wouters, E M H Mitchell, M Ngicho, L Redwood, C Masquillier, R van Hoorn, S van den Hof, A Van Rie
SETTING: While substantial progress is being made in tuberculosis (TB) control, the success of public health efforts is hampered by pervasive stigma. OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic literature review to assess the effectiveness of interventions aimed at reducing TB stigma in patients, health care workers, care givers and the general community. DESIGN: Studies were eligible for inclusion if they evaluated interventions aimed at reducing TB stigma and were published between 1950 and 2015...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025141/how-is-it-best-to-deliver-care-in-acute-medical-units-a-systematic-review
#10
L E M Reid, A J F Crookshanks, M C Jones, Z J Morrison, N I Lone, C J Weir
The majority of medical patients presenting to hospital in the UK are cared for in acute medical units (AMUs). Such units are also increasingly present internationally. Care delivery varies across units: this review aims to examine the evidence for how best to deliver AMU care.Six electronic databases and grey literature were searched. Inclusion criteria comprised interventions applied to undifferentiated patients in AMU settings. All studies were quality assessed. A narrative approach was undertaken.Nine studies, all conducted in the UK or Ireland, evaluated 1...
August 4, 2017: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024549/weight-gain-during-incarceration-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
M K Gebremariam, R A Nianogo, O A Arah
BACKGROUND: Existing evidence suggests that the prevalence of overweight and obesity among prisoners in different settings is high. Evaluating weight change during incarceration would allow for the investigation of whether the prison environment indeed contributes to unfavourable weight changes. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to do a systematic review and a meta-analysis of existing evidence regarding weight change during incarceration. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a systematic literature search by using five different online databases and included grey literature...
October 12, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017448/what-is-polypharmacy-a-systematic-review-of-definitions
#12
Nashwa Masnoon, Sepehr Shakib, Lisa Kalisch-Ellett, Gillian E Caughey
BACKGROUND: Multimorbidity and the associated use of multiple medicines (polypharmacy), is common in the older population. Despite this, there is no consensus definition for polypharmacy. A systematic review was conducted to identify and summarise polypharmacy definitions in existing literature. METHODS: The reporting of this systematic review conforms to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) checklist. MEDLINE (Ovid), EMBASE and Cochrane were systematically searched, as well as grey literature, to identify articles which defined the term polypharmacy (without any limits on the types of definitions) and were in English, published between 1st January 2000 and 30th May 2016...
October 10, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993392/implementation-outcome-assessment-instruments-used-in-physical-healthcare-settings-and-their-measurement-properties-a-systematic-review-protocol
#13
Zarnie Khadjesari, Silia Vitoratou, Nick Sevdalis, Louise Hull
INTRODUCTION: Over the past 10 years, research into methods that promote the uptake, implementation and sustainability of evidence-based interventions has gathered pace. However, implementation outcomes are defined in different ways and assessed by different measures; the extent to which these measures are valid and reliable is unknown. The aim of this systematic review is to identify and appraise studies that assess the measurement properties of quantitative implementation outcome instruments used in physical healthcare settings, to advance the use of precise and accurate measures...
October 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992388/impact-of-nutrition-interventions-on-pediatric-mortality-and-nutrition-outcomes-in-humanitarian-emergencies
#14
REVIEW
Kamna S Balhara, David M Silvestri, W Tyler Winders, Anand Selvam, Sean M Kivlehan, Torben K Becker, Adam C Levine
OBJECTIVES: Malnutrition contributes to pediatric morbidity and mortality in disasters and complex emergencies, but summary data describing specific nutritional interventions in these settings are lacking. This systematic review aims to characterize such interventions and their effects on pediatric mortality, anthropometric measures, and serum markers of nutrition. METHODS: A systematic search of OVID Medline, Cochrane Library, and relevant grey literature was conducted...
October 9, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990246/excited-delirium-a-systematic-review
#15
Philippe Gonin, Nicolas Beysard, Bertrand Yersin, Pierre-Nicolas Carron
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We aimed to clarify the definition, epidemiology, and pathophysiology of excited delirium syndrome (ExDS) and to summarize evidence-based treatment recommendations. METHODS: We conducted a systematic literature search of MEDLINE, Ovid, Web of Knowledge, and Cochrane Library for articles published to March 18, 2017. We also searched the grey literature (Google Scholar) and official police or medical expert reports to complete specific epidemiological data...
October 9, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988185/longer-term-needs-of-stroke-survivors-with-communication-difficulties-living-in-the-community-a-systematic-review-and-thematic-synthesis-of-qualitative-studies
#16
Faye Wray, David Clarke
OBJECTIVE: To review and synthesise qualitative literature relating to the longer-term needs of community dwelling stroke survivors with communication difficulties including aphasia, dysarthria and apraxia of speech. DESIGN: Systematic review and thematic synthesis. METHOD: We included studies employing qualitative methodology which focused on the perceived or expressed needs, views or experiences of stroke survivors with communication difficulties in relation to the day-to-day management of their condition following hospital discharge...
October 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988181/search-for-unpublished-data-by-systematic-reviewers-an-audit
#17
Hedyeh Ziai, Rujun Zhang, An-Wen Chan, Nav Persaud
OBJECTIVES: We audited a selection of systematic reviews published in 2013 and reported on the proportion of reviews that researched for unpublished data, included unpublished data in analysis and assessed for publication bias. DESIGN: Audit of systematic reviews. DATA SOURCES: We searched PubMed and Ovid MEDLINE In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations between 1 January 2013 and 31 December 2013 for the following journals: Journal of the American Medical Association, The British Medical Journal, Lancet, Annals of Internal Medicine and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews...
October 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988176/implementing-communication-and-decision-making-interventions-directed-at-goals-of-care-a-theory-led-scoping-review
#18
Amanda Cummings, Susi Lund, Natasha Campling, Carl R May, Alison Richardson, Michelle Myall
OBJECTIVES: To identify the factors that promote and inhibit the implementation of interventions that improve communication and decision-making directed at goals of care in the event of acute clinical deterioration. DESIGN AND METHODS: A scoping review was undertaken based on the methodological framework of Arksey and O'Malley for conducting this type of review. Searches were carried out in Medline and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) to identify peer-reviewed papers and in Google to identify grey literature...
October 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986184/no-353-treatments-for-overactive-bladder-focus-on-pharmacotherapy-an-addendum
#19
Roxana Geoffrion
OBJECTIVE: This technical update addendum reviews success rates and comparative evidence of the anticholinergic fesoterodine, as well as mechanism of action, safety profile, success rates, and comparative evidence of the β3 agonist mirabegron in the treatment of non-neurogenic overactive bladder syndrome (OAB). This adds to OAB pharmacotherapy recommendations initially published in 2012. INTENDED USERS: Residents and other trainees, primary care practitioners, gynaecologists, urologists, urogynaecologists, and other health care providers who assess, counsel, and treat women with OAB...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986140/barriers-to-and-facilitators-of-independent-non-medical-prescribing-in-clinical-practice-a-mixed-methods-systematic-review
#20
Timothy Noblet, John Marriott, Emma Graham-Clarke, Alison Rushton
QUESTION: What are the factors that affect the implementation or utilisation of independent non-medical prescribing (iNMP)? DESIGN: Mixed-methods systematic review. Two reviewers independently completed searches, eligibility and quality assessments. DATA SOURCES: Pre-defined search terms were utilised to search electronic databases. Reference lists, key journals and grey literature were searched alongside consultation with authors/experts...
October 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
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