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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29930376/the-efficacy-of-silver-diamine-fluoride-in-arresting-caries-in-children
#1
Nassar Seifo, Waraf Al-Yaseen, Nicola Innes
Data sourcesPubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, the Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature database (LILACS), the Brazilian Library in Dentistry (BBO), Cochrane Library and grey literature.Study selectionTwo reviewers selected randomised clinical trials (RCTs) that compared the efficacy of SDF application with other active treatments or placebo in arresting carious lesions.Data extraction and synthesisThree authors extracted data using customised extraction forms, and risk of bias was assessed by two independent reviewers...
June 2018: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928044/a-scoping-review-of-the-role-of-hiv-related-stigma-and-discrimination-in-noncommunicable-disease-care
#2
Melissa A Stockton, Kayla Giger, Laura Nyblade
BACKGROUND: People living with HIV are increasingly burdened by noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) as a result of the NCD susceptibility that accompanies increased life expectancy and the rising global prevalence of NCDs. Health systems are being strengthened and programs are being developed to address this burden, often building on HIV care strategies and infrastructure or through integrated care models. HIV remains a stigmatized condition and the role of HIV stigma in the provision of NCD care is not well understood...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928031/management-of-tuberculosis-by-healthcare-practitioners-in-pakistan-a-systematic-review
#3
Christy A Braham, Peter J White, Nimalan Arinaminpathy
OBJECTIVE: To assess the quality of tuberculosis (TB) care in Pakistan, through determining comparison of healthcare practitioners' knowledge and practices to national and international TB care guidelines. METHODS: Studies reporting on knowledge, attitudes and practices of public and private practitioners with TB patients were selected through searching electronic databases and grey literature. FINDINGS: Of 1458 reports, 20 full-texts were assessed, of which 11 met the eligibility and quality criteria; all studies focused on private sector care...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926956/mean-annual-attachment-bone-level-and-tooth-loss-a-systematic-review
#4
Ian Needleman, Raul Garcia, Nikos Gkranias, Keith L Kirkwood, Thomas Kocher, Anna Di Iorio, Federico Moreno, Aviva Petrie
BACKGROUND: Rate of progression of periodontitis has been used to inform the design of classifications of periodontal diseases. However, the evidence underpinning this topic is unclear and no systematic review has yet been conducted. OBJECTIVES: The focused question for this systematic review was: in adults, what is the progression of periodontitis in terms of clinical attachment loss, radiographic bone loss, and tooth loss? DATA SOURCES: Highly sensitive electronic search was conducted for published data in MEDLINE, EMBASE, LILACS, and unpublished grey literature in OpenGrey up to February 2016...
June 2018: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926483/mean-annual-attachment-bone-level-and-tooth-loss-a-systematic-review
#5
Ian Needleman, Raul Garcia, Nikos Gkranias, Keith L Kirkwood, Thomas Kocher, Anna Di Iorio, Federico Moreno, Aviva Petrie
BACKGROUND: Rate of progression of periodontitis has been used to inform the design of classifications of periodontal diseases. However, the evidence underpinning this topic is unclear and no systematic review has yet been conducted. OBJECTIVES: The focused question for this systematic review was: in adults, what is the progression of periodontitis in terms of clinical attachment loss, radiographic bone loss, and tooth loss? DATA SOURCES: Highly sensitive electronic search was conducted for published data in MEDLINE, EMBASE, LILACS, and unpublished grey literature in OpenGrey up to February 2016...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926473/nurse-led-versus-doctor-led-care-for-bronchiectasis
#6
REVIEW
Kathryn Lawton, Karen Royals, Kristin V Carson-Chahhoud, Fiona Campbell, Brian J Smith
BACKGROUND: Specialist nursing roles to manage stable disease populations are being used to meet the needs of both patients and health services. With increasing cost pressures on health departments, alternative models such as nurse-led care are gaining momentum as a substitute for traditional doctor-led care. This review evaluates the safety, effectiveness, and health outcomes of nurses practising in autonomous roles while using advanced practice skills, within the context of bronchiectasis management in subacute, ambulatory, and/or community care...
June 20, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925343/impact-of-public-smoking-bans-on-children-s-exposure-to-tobacco-smoke-at-home-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Sarah Nanninga, Stefan K Lhachimi, Gabriele Bolte
BACKROUND: Meta-analysis of the impact of public smoking bans on children's exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure at home. METHODS: The electronic databases of PubMed, Web of Science, PsycINFo, ASSIA, CINAHL were searched. German public health journals not captured by these databases and grey literature were considered in addition. Studies were included when they reported children's SHS exposure at home in relation to smoke-free legislation by measuring exposure before and after the introduction of a public smoking ban...
June 21, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921438/no-238-supracervical-hysterectomy
#8
Sari Kives, Guylaine Lefebvre
OBJECTIVE: This guideline reviews the evidence relating to the potential benefits of the vaginal hysterectomy (VH) and supracervical hysterectomy (SCH) versus total abdominal hysterectomy (TAH) with respect to postoperative sexual function, urinary function, and peri- and postoperative complications. Laparoscopic options are not included in this guideline. OPTIONS: Women considering hysterectomy for benign disease can be given the option of retaining the cervix or proceeding with a total hysterectomy...
July 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921434/no-362-ovulation-induction-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#9
David S Smithson, Tannys D R Vause, Anthony P Cheung
OBJECTIVE: To review current non-pharmacologic and pharmacologic options for ovulation induction in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). OPTIONS: This guideline reviews the evidence for the various options for ovulation induction in PCOS. OUTCOMES: Ovulation, pregnancy and live birth rates, risks, and side effects are the outcomes of interest. EVIDENCE: Published literature was retrieved through searches of Medline using appropriate controlled vocabulary and key words spanning from 2000 to 2016...
July 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921271/what-is-the-overall-impact-or-effectiveness-of-visiting-primary-health-care-services-in-rural-and-remote-communities-in-high-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#10
Timothy A Carey, David Sirett, Deborah Russell, John S Humphreys, John Wakerman
BACKGROUND: Visiting services address the problem of workforce deficit and access to effective primary health care services in isolated remote and rural locations. Little is known about their impact or effectiveness and thereby the extent to which they are helping to reduce the disparity in access and health outcomes between people living in remote areas compared with people living in urban regions of Australia. The objective of this study was to answer the question "What is the impact or effectiveness when different types of primary health care services visit, rather than reside in, rural and remote communities?" METHOD: We conducted a systematic review of peer-reviewed literature from established databases...
June 19, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921247/interventions-to-reduce-adverse-health-outcomes-resulting-from-manifestations-of-gender-bias-amongst-immigrant-populations-a-scoping-review
#11
Alia Januwalla, Ariel Pulver, Susitha Wanigaratne, Patricia O'Campo, Marcelo L Urquia
BACKGROUND: Immigrants to Western countries increasingly originate from countries with pervasive gender inequalities, where women experience disproportionately high rates of threats to their well-being. Health and social services in countries of settlement encounter several adverse outcomes linked to gender bias among immigrant groups. Little is known about interventions implemented to address manifestations of gender bias among immigrant populations. METHODS: A scoping review was undertaken to describe the literature on existing interventions and determine knowledge gaps...
June 19, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920875/interventions-to-improve-the-uptake-of-screening-across-a-range-of-conditions-in-ethnic-minority-groups-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Claire Kelly, Marinos Pericleous, Jane Hendy, Simon de Lusignan, Ayesha Ahmed, Tushna Vandrevala, Aftab Ala
BACKGROUND: Screening programmes are well established in cancer, and are now being implemented in other conditions. An effective screening programme leads to early disease detection and improved outcomes but its impact is dependent on the quality of the test and the proportion of the target population participating. A further consideration is that uptake of screening by minority groups is low. PURPOSE: To determine which interventions have successfully increased screening uptake amongst minorities...
June 19, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920656/antipsychotics-for-treatment-of-delirium-in-hospitalised-non-icu-patients
#13
REVIEW
Lisa Burry, Sangeeta Mehta, Marc M Perreault, Jay S Luxenberg, Najma Siddiqi, Brian Hutton, Dean A Fergusson, Chaim Bell, Louise Rose
BACKGROUND: Guidelines suggest limited and cautious use of antipsychotics for treatment of delirium where nonpharmacological interventions have failed and symptoms remain distressing or dangerous, or both. It is unclear how well these recommendations are supported by current evidence. OBJECTIVES: Our primary objective was to assess the efficacy of antipsychotics versus nonantipsychotics or placebo on the duration of delirium in hospitalised adults. Our secondary objectives were to compare the efficacy of: 1) antipsychotics versus nonantipsychotics or placebo on delirium severity and resolution, mortality, hospital length of stay, discharge disposition, health-related quality of life, and adverse effects; and 2) atypical vs...
June 18, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916302/a-realist-review-to-understand-the-efficacy-and-outcomes-of-interventions-designed-to-minimise-reverse-or-prevent-the-progression-of-frailty
#14
Holly Gwyther, Elzbieta Bobrowicz Campos, João Apóstolo, Maura Marcucci, Antonio Cano, Carol Holland
Interventions to minimise, reverse or prevent the progression of frailty in older adults represent a potentially viable route to improving quality of life and care needs in older adults. Intervention methods used across European Innovation Partnership on Active and Healthy Ageing (EIP-AHA) collaborators were analysed, along with findings from literature reviews to determine "what works for whom in what circumstances". A realist review of FOCUS study literature reviews, 'real world' studies and grey literature was conducted according to RAMESES standards, and used to populate a framework analysis of theories of why frailty interventions worked, and theories of why frailty interventions did not work...
June 19, 2018: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915949/dietary-supplements-and-fatigue-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Paula Tâmara Vieira Teixeira Pereira, Andréa Dias Reis, Renata Rodrigues Diniz, Franciléia Andrade Lima, Richard Diego Leite, Mayara Cristina Pinto da Silva, Rosane Nassar Meireles Guerra, Érica Brandão de Moraes Vieira, João Batista Santos Garcia
PURPOSE: Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is defined as a distressing, persistent, and subjective sense of physical or emotional and/or cognitive exhaustion. The treatment of CRF includes pharmacological and non-pharmacological therapies; dietary strategies with promising results have also been used. This study aimed to identify dietary supplements that improve fatigue in patients with breast cancer. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement...
June 18, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908148/the-value-of-u-s-pharmacopeial-standards-a-review-of-the-literature
#16
James Heyward, William Padula, Jonothan C Tierce, G Caleb Alexander
While there are many standard-setting health care organizations, the United States Pharmacopeia's (USP) role includes the creation of documentary and physical standards for therapeutics, including chemical drugs, excipients and biologics. Despite the ubiquity of these standards, little work has been done to characterize and quantify their value. We reviewed the peer-reviewed and grey literature relevant to such evaluations. The review yielded 36 articles, focused variously on accreditation and other standards in healthcare, the broad impact of pharmacopeial standards, and evaluations of specific USP standards...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908037/alpha-blockers-as-medical-expulsive-therapy-for-ureteral-stones-a-cochrane-systematic-review
#17
Thijs Campschroer, Xiaoye Zhu, Robin W M Vernooij, M T W Tycho Lock
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of alpha-blockers compared to standard therapy or placebo for ureteral stones 1 cm and less confirmed by imaging in adult patients presenting with symptoms of ureteral stone disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a systematic search in multiple databases and grey literature with no restrictions on the language of publication or publication status, up until November 2017. We included randomised controlled trials evaluating ureteral stone passage in adult patients, that compared alpha-blockers with standard therapy or placebo...
June 16, 2018: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908034/association-between-chewing-dysfunctions-and-temporomandibular-disorders-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Maria Carolina Ferreira, Isabela Porto de Toledo, Kamile Leonardi Dutra, Fabiane Miron Stefani, André Luís Porporatti, Carlos Flores-Mir, Graziela De Luca Canto
Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is an umbrella condition presenting several signs and symptoms including pain in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and masticatory muscles, articular noises, earache, headache, irregular or restricted jaw function, chewing difficulty, and limited mouth opening. Such TMD impairment may cause disorders during the chewing process. Therefore, the purpose of this systematic review was to assess chewing dysfunctions measured by sEMG, and their association with TMD. A combination and variation of the descriptors "temporomandibular joint disorders", "masticatory dysfunctions", and electromyography were used to perform the searches across databases...
June 16, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906277/can-ultrasound-measures-of-intrinsic-foot-muscles-and-plantar-soft-tissues-predict-future-diabetes-related-foot-disease-a-systematic-review
#19
Troy Morrison, Sara Jones, Ryan S Causby, Kerry Thoirs
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with hyperglycaemia and advanced glycosylation end-products. In the foot, the consequences of chronic or uncontrolled diabetes are micro and macrovascular disease, neuropathy, reduced joint mobility and structural and soft tissue changes that increase the risk of ulcer development and amputation. Diabetes foot assessment currently includes a comprehensive history, neurological and vascular assessments and examination focussed on dermatological and musculoskeletal abnormalities...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903029/a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-of-the-diagnostic-accuracy-of-loop-mediated-isothermal-amplification-lamp-in-diagnosis-of-invasive-meningococcal-disease-in-children
#20
Thomas Waterfield, Derek Fairley, Fiona Lynn, Bronagh Blackwood, Michael D Shields
BACKGROUND: Meningococcal disease (MD) is notoriously difficult to diagnose in the early stages of the illness and presents similarly to many self-limiting viral infections. This mandates a cautious approach to diagnosis and initial management of suspected MD with many children receiving precautionary broad-spectrum intravenous antibiotics. Despite this approach, some children are still diagnosed late. In the last 10 years, there have been advances in nucleic acid amplification techniques, and there is now a rapid test that can detect meningococcal DNA in under 30 min...
June 15, 2018: Systematic Reviews
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