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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637096/uncovering-the-decision-making-work-of-transferring-dying-patients-home-from-critical-care-units-an-integrative-review
#1
REVIEW
Yanxia Lin, Michelle Myall, Nikki Jarrett
AIMS: To understand how decisions are made to transfer dying patients home from critical care units. BACKGROUND: Many people prefer a home death, but a high proportion die in critical care units. Transferring dying patients home is recognized to be complex but transfer decision-making itself remains unclear. DESIGN: Integrative review. DATA SOURCES: Seven bibliographic databases (origin - 2015), grey literature and reference lists were searched...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634569/epidemiology-and-management-of-atrial-fibrillation-and-stroke-review-of-data-from-four-european-countries
#2
REVIEW
Andreea D Ceornodolea, Roland Bal, Johan L Severens
In Europe, 1-3% of the population suffers from atrial fibrillation (AF) and has increased stroke risk. By 2060 a doubling in number of cases and great burden in managing this medical condition are expected. This paper offers an overview of data on epidemiology and management of AF and stroke in four European countries as well as the interconnection between these dimensions. A search index was developed to access multiple scientific and "grey" literatures. Information was prioritised based on strength of evidence and date...
2017: Stroke Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630750/tips-and-tricks-for-using-the-internet-for-professional-purposes
#3
Hasan Huseyin Ceylan, Nurdan Güngören, Fatih Küçükdurmaz
Online resources provide access to large amounts of information which is expanding every day. Using search engines for reaching the relevant, updated and complete literature that is indexed in various bibliographical databases has already become part of the medical professionals' everyday life.However, most researchers often fail to conduct a efficient literature search on the internet. The right techniques in literature search save time and improve the quality of the retrieved data.Efficient literature search is not a talent but a learnable skill, which should be a formal part of medical education...
May 2017: EFORT open reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629470/policy-lessons-from-health-taxes-a-systematic-review-of-empirical-studies
#4
Alexandra Wright, Katherine E Smith, Mark Hellowell
BACKGROUND: Taxes on alcohol and tobacco have long been an important means of raising revenues for public spending in many countries but there is increasing interest in using taxes on these, and other unhealthy products, to achieve public health goals. We present a systematic review of the research on health taxes, and aim to generate insights into how such taxes can: (i) reduce consumption of targeted products and related harms; (ii) generate revenues for health objectives and distribute the tax burden across income groups in an efficient and equitable manner; and (iii) be made politically sustainable...
June 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629430/bangladesh-policy-on-prevention-and-control-of-non-communicable-diseases-a-policy-analysis
#5
Tuhin Biswas, Sonia Pervin, Md Imtiaz Alam Tanim, Louis Niessen, Anwar Islam
BACKGROUND: This paper is aimed at critically assessing the extent to which Non-Communicable Disease NCD-related policies introduced in Bangladesh align with the World Health Organization's (WHO) 2013-2020 Action Plan for the Global Strategy for the Prevention and Control of NCDs. METHODS: The authors reviewed all relevant policy documents introduced by the Government of Bangladesh since its independence in 1971. The literature review targeted scientific and grey literature documents involving internet-based search, and expert consultation and snowballing to identify relevant policy documents...
June 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628914/efficacy-and-safety-of-tadalafil-once-a-day-versus-tadalafil-on-demand-in-patients-with-erectile-dysfunction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses
#6
Zhufeng Peng, Lu Yang, Qiang Dong, Qiang Wei, Liangren Liu, Bo Yang
INTRODUCTION: To compare the efficacy and safety between tadalafil once-a-day and tadalafil on-demand dosing regimen in patients with ED. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search of Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Library was performed to identify all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared tadalafil used a once-a-day with an on-demand dosing regimen for erectile dysfunction. A secondary hand-search was performed in relevant journals, references, and the grey literature...
June 21, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626895/khat-chewing-habit-produces-a-significant-adverse-effect-on%C3%A2-periodontal-oral-health-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
M S Al-Akhali, E A Al-Moraissi
Although there is a general agreement that a khat chewing habit produces clinicopathological changes in the oral mucosa. However there is no reliable evidence of the effects of a khat chewing habit on the periodontal tissues. Thus, authors aimed to investigate the influence of khat chewing habits on periodontal, oral health, by comparing khat chewers to non-chewers in respect of gingival recession, periodontal pocketing depth and loss of attachment. A systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines...
June 18, 2017: Journal of Periodontal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623162/what-do-we-know-about-neurogenic-bladder-prevalence-and-management-in-developing-countries-and-emerging-regions-of-the-world
#8
REVIEW
Mikolaj Przydacz, Pierre Denys, Jacques Corcos
OBJECTIVE: To summarize information on Neurogenic Bladder (NB) epidemiology, management and access to patient treatment in developing countries and emerging regions of the world in order to propose future interventions and help governmental as well as non-governmental organizations design their action plans. METHODS: Different search methods were used to gather the maximum available data. They included strategic searches; reference checks; grey literature searches (reports, working papers, government documents, civil society information); contacting professional societies, registries, and authors; requesting unpublished data from organizations; and browsing related websites and journals...
June 13, 2017: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619783/community-gardening-community-farming-and-other-local-community-based-gardening-interventions-to-prevent-overweight-and-obesity-in-high-income-and-middle-income-countries-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#9
Thomas L Heise, Matthias Romppel, Sandra Molnar, Barbara Buchberger, Agnes van den Berg, Gerald Gartlehner, Stefan K Lhachimi
INTRODUCTION: The worldwide prevalence of overweight/obesity has continued to rise over the last decades. To reverse this trend, public health authorities are exploring cost-effective interventions, especially in high-income and middle-income countries. Community gardening offers a unique opportunity for individuals to enhance physical activity levels and improve their diet. However, synthesised evidence on the short-term or long-term effectiveness and on the costs of community gardening interventions to prevent overweight/obesity remains limited...
June 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619130/occurrence-of-mycoplasma-hyorhinis-infections-in-fattening-pigs-and-association-with-clinical-signs-and-pathological-lesions-of-enzootic-pneumonia
#10
Adrian Luehrs, Salome Siegenthaler, Niels Grützner, Elisabeth Grosse Beilage, Peter Kuhnert, Heiko Nathues
Respiratory disorders in fattening pigs are of major concern worldwide. Particularly Enzootic Pneumonia remains a problem for the pig industry. This chronic respiratory disease is primarily caused by Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae (M. hyopneumoniae). However, more recently it was hypothesised that M. hyorhinis can also cause similar lung lesions. To investigate the relevance of M. hyorhinis as a cause of pneumonia in fattening pigs 10 farms in Switzerland (considered free of Enzootic Pneumonia) and 20 farms in Germany (regarded as endemic for Enzootic Pneumonia) with a history of chronic and/or recurrent respiratory diseases were included in the study...
May 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619078/psychological-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-depression-anxiety-alcohol-misuse-or-anger-in-armed-forces-veterans-and-their-families-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-protocol
#11
Luke O'Shea, Ed Watkins, Paul Farrand
BACKGROUND: Evidence highlights a high prevalence of common mental health disorders in armed forces veterans and their families, with depression, anxiety, alcohol misuse and anger being more common than PTSD. This paper presents a protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis to identify existing randomised controlled trial (RCT) research testing the effectiveness of psychological interventions for these difficulties in armed forces veterans and their family members. METHODS: Electronic databases (CENTRAL, PsycInfo, MEDLINE, CINAHL, The Cochrane Register of Clinical Trials, EMBASE and ASSIA) will be searched to identify suitable studies for inclusion in the review supplemented by forward and backward reference checking, grey literature searches and contact with subject authors...
June 15, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617932/effect-of-the-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-on-the-development-of-cognitive-impairment-and-dementia
#12
REVIEW
Almudena Areosa Sastre, Robin Wm Vernooij, Magali González-Colaço Harmand, Gabriel Martínez
BACKGROUND: Prevention of cognitive impairment and dementia is an important public health goal. Epidemiological evidence shows a relationship between cognitive impairment and Type 2 diabetes mellitus. The risk of dementia increases with duration of disease. This updated systematic review investigated the effect on cognitive function of the type of treatment and level of metabolic control in people with Type 2 diabetes. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of different strategies for managing Type 2 diabetes mellitus on cognitive function and the incidence of dementia...
June 15, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617266/sustainable-public-health-systems-for-rare-diseases
#13
Rita Maria Ferrelli, Amalia Egle Gentile, Marta De Santis, Domenica Taruscio
INTRODUCTION: In the framework of the Joint Action for Rare Diseases (RD-ACTION), a specific task was defined to identify mechanisms influencing sustainability, equity and resilience of health systems for rare diseases (RDs). METHOD: Literature narrative review on health systems sustainability and resilience for RDs. Years: 2000-2015. Databases: PubMed, Scopus, EBSCOHost, EMBAL, PASCAL, EMBASE, STN International and GoogleScholar. ANALYSIS: interpretive synthesis concept and thematic analysis (Dixon-Wood, et al...
April 2017: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617235/what-do-we-know-and-not-know-about-the-professional-integration-of-international-medical-graduates-imgs-in-canada
#14
Elena Neiterman, Ivy Lynn Bourgeault, Christine L Covell
BACKGROUND: The literature on international medical graduates (IMGs) in Canada is growing, but there is a lack of systematic analysis of the literature. OBJECTIVES: To examine (1) the major themes in academic and grey literature pertaining to professional integration of IMGs in Canada; and (2) the gaps in our knowledge on integration of IMGs. METHODS: This paper is based on the scoping review of academic and grey literature published during 2001-2013 about IMGs in Canada...
May 2017: Healthcare Policy, Politiques de Santé
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616494/community-based-surveillance-of-zoonotic-parasites-in-a-one-health-world-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
J M Schurer, E Mosites, C Li, S Meschke, P Rabinowitz
The One Health (OH) concept provides an integrated framework for observing and improving health issues involving human, animal, and environmental factors, and has been applied in particular to zoonotic disease problems. We conducted a systematic review of English and Chinese language peer-reviewed and grey literature databases to identify zoonotic endoparasite research utilizing an OH approach in community-based settings. Our review identified 32 articles where specimens collected simultaneously from all three OH domains (people, animals, and the environment) were assessed for endoparasite infection or exposure...
December 2016: One Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615026/engaging-the-private-sector-in-malaria-surveillance-a-review-of-strategies-and-recommendations-for-elimination-settings
#16
Adam Bennett, Anton L V Avanceña, Jennifer Wegbreit, Chris Cotter, Kathryn Roberts, Roly Gosling
BACKGROUND: In malaria elimination settings, all malaria cases must be identified, documented and investigated. To facilitate complete and timely reporting of all malaria cases and effective case management and follow-up, engagement with private providers is essential, particularly in settings where the private sector is a major source of healthcare. However, research on the role and performance of the private sector in malaria diagnosis, case management and reporting in malaria elimination settings is limited...
June 14, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613384/communication-skills-training-for-mental-health-professionals-working-with-people-with-severe-mental-illness
#17
REVIEW
Alexia Papageorgiou, Yoon K Loke, Michelle Fromage
BACKGROUND: Research evidence suggests that both mental health professionals and people with severe mental health illness such as schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder find it difficult to communicate with each other effectively about symptoms, treatments and their side effects so that they reach a shared understanding about diagnosis, prognosis and treatment. Effective use of communication skills in mental health interactions could be associated with increased patient satisfaction and adherence to treatment...
June 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611111/the-impact-of-interventions-to-improve-the-quality-of-prescribing-and-use-of-antibiotics-in-primary-care-patients-with-respiratory-tract-infections-a-systematic-review-protocol
#18
Nahara Anani Martínez-González, Samuel Coenen, Andreas Plate, Annelies Colliers, Thomas Rosemann, Oliver Senn, Stefan Neuner-Jehle
INTRODUCTION: Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) are the most common reason for primary care (PC) consultations and for antibiotic prescribing and use. The majority of RTIs have a viral aetiology however, and antibiotic consumption is ineffective and unnecessary. Inappropriate antibiotic use contributes greatly to antibiotic resistance (ABR) leading to complications, increased adverse events, reconsultations and costs. Improving antibiotic consumption is thus crucial to containing ABR, which has become an urgent priority worldwide...
June 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608038/patient-values-and-preferences-surrounding-proton-pump-inhibitor-use-a-scoping-review
#19
REVIEW
Wade Thompson, Cody Black, Vivian Welch, Barbara Farrell, Lise M Bjerre, Peter Tugwell
BACKGROUND: Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) treat various upper gastrointestinal (GI) diseases. Around 50% of patients may remain on PPIs long-term without ongoing need. Eligible patients should be offered the choice of continuing their PPI or trying to reduce/stop their PPI (deprescribing), a choice dependent on values and preferences. OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to systematically scope the available evidence on patient values and preferences surrounding continued PPI treatment and/or the decision to try a reduction in their PPI...
June 12, 2017: Patient
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605124/developing-abilities-to-navigate-through-the-grey-zones-in-complex-environments-nurses-reasons-for-applying-to-a-clinical-ethics-residency-for-nurses
#20
Martha Jurchak, Pamela J Grace, Susan M Lee, Danny G Willis, Angelika A Zollfrank, Ellen M Robinson
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Nurses face complex ethical issues in practice and have to determine appropriate actions. An inability to conceptualize or follow a preferred course of action can give rise to moral uncertainty or moral distress. Both moral uncertainty and moral distress are problematic for nurses and their patients. A program designed to increase nurse confidence in moral decision making, the clinical ethics residency for nurses (CERN), was offered selectively to nurses affiliated with two academic medical centers...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
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