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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678865/economic-evaluation-of-quality-improvement-interventions-designed-to-improve-glycemic-control-in-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-weighted-regression-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Teryl K Nuckols, Emmett Keeler, Laura J Anderson, Jonas Green, Sally C Morton, Brian J Doyle, Kanaka Shetty, Aziza Arifkhanova, Marika Booth, Roberta Shanman, Paul Shekelle
OBJECTIVE: Quality improvement (QI) interventions can improve glycemic control, but little is known about their value. We systematically reviewed economic evaluations of QI interventions for glycemic control among adults with type 1 or type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We used English-language studies from high-income countries that evaluated organizational changes and reported program and utilization-related costs, chosen from PubMed, EconLit, Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, New York Academy of Medicine's Grey Literature Report, and WorldCat (January 2004 to August 2016)...
May 2018: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678413/patient-access-to-medicines-in-two-countries-with-similar-health-systems-and-differing-medicines-policies-implications-from-a-comprehensive-literature-review
#2
REVIEW
Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar, Todd Gammie, Ali Seyfoddin, Syed Shahzad Hasan, Louise E Curley
BACKGROUND: Countries with similar health systems but different medicines policies might result in substantial medicines usage differences and resultant outcomes. The literature is sparse in this area. OBJECTIVE: To review pharmaceutical policy research in New Zealand and Australia and discuss differences between the two countries and the impact these differences may have on subsequent medicine access. METHODS: A review of the literature (2008-2016) was performed to identify relevant, peer-reviewed articles...
April 13, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673362/problems-maintaining-collaborative-approaches-with-excluded-populations-in-a-randomised-control-trial-lessons-learned-implementing-housing-first-in-france
#3
Pauline Rhenter, Aurélie Tinland, Julien Grard, Christian Laval, Jean Mantovani, Delphine Moreau, Benjamin Vidaud, Tim Greacen, Pascal Auquier, Vincent Girard
BACKGROUND: In 2006, a local collective combating homelessness set up an 'experimental squat' in an abandoned building in Marseille, France's second largest city. They envisioned the squat as an alternative to conventional health and social services for individuals experiencing long-term homelessness and severe psychiatric disorders. Building on what they learned from the squat, some then joined a larger coalition that succeeded in convincing national government decision-makers to develop a scientific, intervention-based programme based on the Housing First model...
April 19, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673231/mapping-european-welfare-models-state-of-the-art-of-strategies-for-professional-integration-and-reintegration-of-persons-with-chronic-diseases
#4
Chiara Scaratti, Matilde Leonardi, Fabiola Silvaggi, Carolina C Ávila, Amalia Muñoz-Murillo, Panayiota Stavroussi, Olga Roka, Helena Burger, Klemens Fheodoroff, Beata Tobiasz-Adamczyk, Carla Sabariego, Eva Esteban, Sonja Gruber, Olga Svestkova, Rune Halvorsen, Asel Kadyrbaeva, Sabrina Ferraina
Background: Persons with chronic diseases (PwCDs) often experience work-related problems, and innovative actions to improve their participation in the labor market are needed. In the frame of the European (EU) Pathways Project, the aim of the study is to compare existing strategies (policies, systems, and services) for professional (re-)integration of PwCDs and mental health conditions available at both European and national level between different European welfare models: Scandinavian, Continental, Anglo-Saxon, Mediterranean, and “Post-Communist”...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672559/what-does-the-general-public-understand-about-prevention-and-treatment-of-dementia-a-systematic-review-of-population-based-surveys
#5
Monica Cations, Gorjana Radisic, Maria Crotty, Kate E Laver
OBJECTIVES: To synthesise results of population surveys assessing knowledge and attitudes about prevention and treatment of dementia. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and grey literature were searched for English language entries published between 2012 and May 2017. Survey questions were grouped using an inductive approach and responses were pooled. RESULTS: Thirty-four eligible studies and four grey literature items were identified. Surveys were conducted in Europe, the US, Eastern Asia, Israel, and Australia...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670898/effects-of-withania-somnifera-on-reproductive-system-a-systematic-review-of-the-available-evidence
#6
REVIEW
Ramin Nasimi Doost Azgomi, Afshar Zomorrodi, Hossein Nazemyieh, Seyed Mohammad Bagher Fazljou, Homayoun Sadeghi Bazargani, Fatemeh Nejatbakhsh, Arezoo Moini Jazani, Yadollah Ahmadi AsrBadr
Introduction: Withania somnifera (WS) also known as ashwagandha is a well-known medicinal plant used in traditional medicine in many countries for infertility treatment. The present study was aimed at systemically reviewing therapeutic effects of WS on the reproductive system. Methods: This systematic review study was designed in 2016. Required data were obtained from PubMed, Scopus, Google Scholar, Cochrane Library, Science Direct, Web of Knowledge, Web of Science, and manual search of articles, grey literature, reference checking, and expert contact...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669716/artificial-pancreas-treatment-for-outpatients-with-type-1-diabetes-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Eleni Bekiari, Konstantinos Kitsios, Hood Thabit, Martin Tauschmann, Eleni Athanasiadou, Thomas Karagiannis, Anna-Bettina Haidich, Roman Hovorka, Apostolos Tsapas
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of artificial pancreas treatment in non-pregnant outpatients with type 1 diabetes. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. DATA SOURCES: Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, and grey literature up to 2 February 2018. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Randomised controlled trials in non-pregnant outpatients with type 1 diabetes that compared the use of any artificial pancreas system with any type of insulin based treatment...
April 18, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666203/efficacy-and-safety-of-pulmonary-application-of-corticosteroids-in-preterm-infants-with-respiratory-distress-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Mahin Delara, Bhupendrasinh F Chauhan, Mê-Linh Le, Ahmed M Abou-Setta, Ryan Zarychanski, Geert W 'tJong
BACKGROUND: Systemic corticosteroids as the frontline treatment of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in preterm infants are associated with adverse effects on growth and neurodevelopmental outcome, but the pulmonary administration of steroids may help prevent the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) without these side effects. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of pulmonary application of corticosteroids in preterm infants with RDS. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, ClinicalTrials...
April 17, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666129/preventing-emergency-department-ed-visits-and-hospitalisations-of-older-adults-with-cognitive-impairment-compared-with-the-general-senior-population-what-do-we-know-about-avoidable-incidents-results-from-a-scoping-review
#9
Mireille Gagnon-Roy, Benyahia Hami, Mélissa Généreux, Nathalie Veillette, Marie-Josée Sirois, Mary Egan, Véronique Provencher
OBJECTIVES: Older cognitively impaired adults present a higher risk of hospitalisation and mortality following a visit to the emergency department (ED). Better understanding of avoidable incidents is needed to prevent them and the associated ED presentations in community-dwelling adults. This study aimed to synthetise the actual knowledge concerning these incidents leading this population to ED presentation, as well as possible preventive measures to reduce them. DESIGN: A scoping review was performed according to the Arksey and O'Malley framework...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666064/role-of-kinesiophobia-on-pain-disability-and-quality-of-life-in-people-suffering-from-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Alejandro Luque-Suarez, Javier Martinez-Calderon, Deborah Falla
OBJECTIVE: (1) To explore the level of association between kinesiophobia and pain, disability and quality of life in people with chronic musculoskeletal pain (CMP) detected via cross-sectional analysis and (2) to analyse the prognostic value of kinesiophobia on pain, disability and quality of life in this population detected via longitudinal analyses. DESIGN: A systematic review of the literature including an appraisal of the risk of bias using the adapted Newcastle Ottawa Scale...
April 17, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665177/prosthodontic-complications-of-metal-ceramic-and-all-ceramic-complete-arch-fixed-implant-prostheses-with-minimum-5-years-mean-follow-up-period-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Chi Kin Kenneth Wong, Unnati Narvekar, Haralampos Petridis
PURPOSE: The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to review and analyze the prosthodontic complications, survival, and success of metal-ceramic (MC) and all-ceramic (AC) complete-arch fixed implant dental prostheses (CFIDPs) with a minimum mean follow-up period of 5 years. METHODS: A structured literature search was conducted using 3 electronic databases (MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science) for clinical studies reporting on prosthodontic complications of metal-ceramic and/or all-ceramic CFIDPs published between 2000 and 2016...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663484/association-between-psychotropic-medications-and-presence-of-sleep-bruxism-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Gilberto Melo, Kamile Leonardi Dutra, Rubens Rodrigues Filho, Adriana de Oliveira Lira Ortega, André Luís Porporatti, Bruce Dick, Carlos Flores-Mir, Graziela De Luca Canto
The purpose of this study was to systematically review the literature for studies that investigated the association between use of psychotropic medications and presence of sleep bruxism (SB). Observational studies were selected in a two-phase process. Searches were performed on six electronic databases and a grey literature search was conducted on three databases. SB diagnosis was based on questionnaires or clinical examinations; no polysomnography exams were performed. Risk of bias was assessed using the Joanna Briggs Institute Critical Appraisal Checklist for Analytical Cross-Sectional Studies...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661483/quantitative-measurement-of-erythrocyte-aggregation-as-a-systemic-inflammatory-marker-by-ultrasound-imaging-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Prajwal Gyawali, Daniela Ziegler, Jean-François Cailhier, André Denault, Guy Cloutier
This systematic review is aimed at answering two questions: (i) Is erythrocyte aggregation a useful biomarker in assessing systemic inflammation? (ii) Does quantitative ultrasound imaging provide the non-invasive option to measure erythrocyte aggregation in real time? The search was executed through bibliographic electronic databases CINAHL, EMB Review, EMBASE, MEDLINE, PubMed and the grey literature. The majority of studies correlated elevated erythrocyte aggregation with inflammatory blood markers for several pathologic states...
April 13, 2018: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658393/key-strategies-to-improve-systems-for-managing-patient-complaints-within-health-facilities-what-can-we-learn-from-the-existing-literature
#14
Tolib Mirzoev, Sumit Kane
BACKGROUND: Information from patient complaints - a widely accepted measure of patient satisfaction with services - can inform improvements in service quality, and contribute towards overall health systems performance. While analyses of data from patient complaints received much emphasis, there is limited published literature on key interventions to improve complaint management systems. OBJECTIVES: The objectives are two-fold: first, to synthesise existing evidence and provide practical options to inform future policy and practice and, second, to identify key outstanding gaps in the existing literature to inform agenda for future research...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650047/care-cascade-for-targeted-tuberculosis-testing-and-linkage-to-care-in-homeless-populations-in-the-united-states-a-meta-analysis
#15
Andrea Parriott, Mohsen Malekinejad, Amanda P Miller, Suzanne M Marks, Hacsi Horvath, James G Kahn
BACKGROUND: Homelessness increases the risk of tuberculosis (TB) disease and latent TB infection (LTBI), but persons experiencing homelessness often lack access to testing and treatment. We assessed the yield of TB testing and linkage to care for programs targeting homeless populations in the United States. METHODS: We conducted a comprehensive search of peer-reviewed and grey literature, adapting Cochrane systematic review methods. Two reviewers independently assessed study eligibility and abstracted key data on the testing to care cascade: number of persons reached, recruited for testing, tested for LTBI, with valid test results, referred to follow-up care, and initiating care...
April 12, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649298/haemophilus-ducreyi-cutaneous-ulcer-contracted-at-seram-island-indonesia-presented-in-the-netherlands
#16
Jarne M van Hattem, Tessa J C Langeveld, Sylvia M Bruisten, Marion Kolader, Martin P Grobusch, Henry J C de Vries, Godelieve J de Bree
OVERVIEW: We describe the first case of a cutaneous ulcer caused by Haemophilus ducreyi imported from Indonesia to the Netherlands. Skin infections caused by H. ducreyi are uncommon in travellers and have been described in just a few case reports and were all contracted on the Pacific Islands. THE CASE: A 22-year-old healthy male visited the Center of Tropical Medicine and Travel Medicine in February 2017 with a cutaneous ulcer of the right lateral malleolus 4 weeks after returning from Indonesia (Seram and Ambon Islands)...
April 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648581/multiple-sclerosis-lesions-affect-intrinsic-functional-connectivity-of-the-spinal-cord
#17
Benjamin N Conrad, Robert L Barry, Baxter P Rogers, Satoshi Maki, Arabinda Mishra, Saakshi Thukral, Subramaniam Sriram, Aashim Bhatia, Siddharama Pawate, John C Gore, Seth A Smith
Patients with multiple sclerosis present with focal lesions throughout the spinal cord. There is a clinical need for non-invasive measurements of spinal cord activity and functional organization in multiple sclerosis, given the cord's critical role in the disease. Recent reports of spontaneous blood oxygenation level-dependent fluctuations in the spinal cord using functional MRI suggest that, like the brain, cord activity at rest is organized into distinct, synchronized functional networks among grey matter regions, likely related to motor and sensory systems...
April 10, 2018: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642913/a-narrative-synthesis-of-research-evidence-for-tinnitus-related-complaints-as-reported-by-patients-and-their-significant-others
#18
REVIEW
Deborah Ann Hall, Kathryn Fackrell, Anne Beatrice Li, Rachel Thavayogan, Sandra Smith, Veronica Kennedy, Catarina Tinoco, Evelina D Rodrigues, Paula Campelo, Tânia D Martins, Vera Martins Lourenço, Diogo Ribeiro, Haúla F Haider
BACKGROUND: There are a large number of assessment tools for tinnitus, with little consensus on what it is important to measure and no preference for a minimum reporting standard. The item content of tinnitus assessment tools should seek to capture relevant impacts of tinnitus on everyday life, but no-one has yet synthesised information about the range of tinnitus complaints. This review is thus the first comprehensive and authoritative collection and synthesis of what adults with tinnitus and their significant others report as problems in their everyday lives caused by tinnitus...
April 11, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627814/a-systematic-review-of-interventions-by-healthcare-professionals-to-improve-management-of-non-communicable-diseases-and-communicable-diseases-requiring-long-term-care-in-adults-who-are-homeless
#19
Peter Hanlon, Lynsey Yeoman, Lauren Gibson, Regina Esiovwa, Andrea E Williamson, Frances S Mair, Richard Lowrie
OBJECTIVE: Identify, describe and appraise trials of interventions delivered by healthcare professionals to manage non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and communicable diseases that require long-term care or treatment (LT-CDs), excluding mental health and substance use disorders, in homeless adults. DESIGN: Systematic review of randomised controlled trials (RCTs), non-RCTs and controlled before-after studies. Interventions characterised using Effective Practice and Organisation of Care (EPOC) taxonomy...
April 7, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627809/antithrombotic-therapy-in-patients-receiving-saphenous-vein-coronary-artery-bypass-grafts-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#20
Karla Solo, Janet Martin, Shahar Lavi, Conrad Kabali, Ava John-Baptiste, Immaculate F Nevis, Tawfiq Choudhury, Mamas A Mamas, Rodrigo Bagur
INTRODUCTION: The current evidence for the prevention of saphenous vein graft failure (SVGF) after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery consists of direct head-to-head comparison of treatments (including placebo) in randomised-controlled trials (RCTs) and observational studies. However, summarising the evidence using traditional pairwise meta-analyses does not allow the inclusion of data from treatments that have not been compared head to head. Exclusion of such comparisons could impact the precision of pooled estimates in a meta-analysis...
April 7, 2018: BMJ Open
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