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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634453/relaxin-family-peptide-receptors-1-and-2-are-fully-functional-in-the-bovine
#1
Yanzhenzi Dai, Richard Ivell, Xuan Liu, Dana Janowski, Ravinder Anand-Ivell
In most mammals the peptide hormone relaxin is a key physiological component regulating early pregnancy and birth. However, synteny analysis shows that the gene encoding ovarian relaxin-2 is deleted in cows and sheep. While, these ruminants appear to exhibit a relaxin-like physiology, as in other mammals, until now a molecular understanding of this has been lacking. Cloning and expression analysis of the cognate bovine receptor for relaxin, RXFP1, as well as of the structurally related receptor, RXFP2, in female tissues, shows that these are expressed in a similar way to other mammals...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633436/membrane-androgen-receptor-zip9-induces-croaker-ovarian-cell-apoptosis-via-stimulatory-g-protein-alpha-subunit-and-mapkinase-signaling
#2
Aubrey Converse, Chenan Zhang, Peter Thomas
Recent studies show that androgen-induced apoptosis in Atlantic croaker primary granulosa/theca (G/T) cells and in human breast and prostate cancer cell lines is mediated by the novel membrane androgen receptor ZIP9 which belongs to the SLC39A zinc transporter family. However, the apoptotic signaling pathways remain unclear because ZIP9 activates an inhibitory G protein in human cancer cells, whereas recombinant croaker ZIP9 activates a stimulatory G protein (Gs) in transfected cancer cells. Here we investigated androgen-dependent apoptotic pathways in order to identify the signaling pathways regulated through wild-type croaker ZIP9 in ovarian follicle cells...
June 16, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629881/cell-mediated-immune-response-of-postmetamorphic-sea-urchin-juveniles-against-infectious-stages-of-diatom-cylindrotheca-closterium-bacillariophyceae
#3
Adriano Magesky, Claude Belzile, Émilien Pelletier
In this study, successive infectious stages by diatom Cylindrotheca closterium (Bacillariophyceae) are described for the first time during the early development of sea urchin at low temperature (8°C). Diatom cell-types enclosed or not by typical theca were capable of infection. As an immune response, red spherulocytes and amoebocytes migrated towards infested areas and restrained the infection spreading over shells in 2- and 3-month old urchins. Only amoebocyte cells appeared to be involved in the immune reaction of 1-month old specimens which turned out to be a less effective fence to stop infestation...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604799/rhythmic-expression-of-circadian-clock-genes-in-the-preovulatory-ovarian-follicles-of-the-laying-hen
#4
Zhichao Zhang, Shuang Lai, Yagang Wang, Liang Li, Huadong Yin, Yan Wang, Xiaoling Zhao, Diyan Li, Mingyao Yang, Qing Zhu
The circadian clock is reported to play a role in the ovaries in a variety of vertebrate species, including the domestic hen. However, the ovary is an organ that changes daily, and the laying hen maintains a strict follicular hierarchy. The aim of this study was to examine the spatial-temporal expression of several known canonical clock genes in the granulosa and theca layers of six hierarchy follicles. We demonstrated that the granulosa cells (GCs) of the F1-F3 follicles harbored intrinsic oscillatory mechanisms in vivo...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604129/severe-hyperandrogenemia-in-postmenopausal-woman-as-a-presentation-of-ovarian-hyperthecosis-case-report-and-mini-review-of-the-literature
#5
Adam Czyzyk, Justyna Latacz, Dorota Filipowicz, Agnieszka Podfigurna, Rafal Moszynski, Piotr Jasinski, Stefan Sajdak, Michal Gaca, Andrea R Genazzani, Blazej Meczekalski
Ovarian hyperthecosis (OH) is characterized by the presence of abundant luteinized theca cells in ovaries that secret androgen. It typically presents as severe hyperandrogenism and/or virilization in postmenopausal woman. Here we describe a 66-year old woman with presentation of severe hirsutism, alopecia, clitoromegaly and laboratory finding of significantly elevated serum total testosterone concentration and hyperinsulinemia. Performed imaging studies revealed normal sized, homogeneous ovaries, signs of endometrial hypertrophy and normal adrenal glands...
June 11, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601152/identification-and-expression-of-x-linked-inhibitor-of-apoptosis-protein-during-follicular-development-in-goat-ovary
#6
Peng Han, Haiyun Xin, Jiayin Peng, Jinxing Hou, Lei Zhang, Yuxuan Song, Guang Li, Binyun Cao, Xiaopeng An
X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP), an endogenous of inhibitor of caspases, plays crucial roles in regulating ovarian granulosa cell apoptosis during follicular atresia. The aim of the present study was to determine the presence and localization of XIAP in the goat ovary and its expression level during follicular development. The full length cDNA of XIAP from goat ovary cells was cloned using reverse transcription PCR. A total of 497 amino acid residues were encoded by open reading frame and had high identity with homologous sequences from other mammals...
August 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593382/idiopathic-spinal-cord-herniation-consideration-of-its-pathogenesis-based-on-the-histopathology-of-the-dura-mater
#7
Satoru Shimizu, Yosuke Kobayashi, Hidehiro Oka, Toshihiro Kumabe
INTRODUCTION: We present a patient with idiopathic spinal cord herniation (ISCH) whose dura mater was histopathologically examined to elucidate its pathogenesis. CASE REPORT: A 33-year-old previously healthy man presented with progressive walking difficulty, spasticity of the right lower leg, and hyperesthesia below the right chest. Neuroimaging revealed right ventral displacement of the spinal cord at T5-6. The diagnosis was ISCH and he underwent release of the herniation from the ventral dural opening...
June 7, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583593/altered-expression-of-cytokines-il-1%C3%AE-il-6-il-8-and-tnf-%C3%AE-in-bovine-follicular-persistence
#8
A F Stassi, M E Baravalle, E M Belotti, F Rey, N C Gareis, P U Díaz, F M Rodríguez, C J Leiva, H H Ortega, N R Salvetti
In dairy cattle, cystic ovarian disease (COD) is an important cause of subfertility, and two of the main signs are ovulation failure and follicular persistence. The aim of this study was to examine the expression of the cytokines IL-1α, IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-α in ovarian follicular structures at different times of persistence in a model of follicular persistence induced by prolonged treatment with progesterone in dairy cows. Protein expression of IL-1α, IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-α was evaluated by immunohistochemistry...
July 15, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572510/the-bmp4-smad-signaling-pathway-regulates-hyperandrogenism-development-in-a-female-mouse-model
#9
Yang Liu, Shao-Yue Du, Meng Ding, Xin Dou, Fei-Fei Zhang, Zhi-Yong Wu, Shu-Wen Qian, Wei Zhang, Qi-Qun Tang, Cong-Jian Xu
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder and a major cause of anovulatory sterility in women at reproductive age. Most patients with PCOS have hyperandrogenism, caused by excess androgen synthesis. Bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4) is an essential regulator of embryonic development and organ formation, and recent studies have also shown that BMP4 may be involved in female steroidogenesis process. However, effect of BMP4 on hyperandrogenism remains unknown. Here, using a female mouse model of hyperandrogenism, we found that ovarian BMP4 levels were significantly decreased in hyperandrogenism...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541629/adult-granulosa-cell-tumors-of-the-ovary-a-retrospective-study-of-30-cases-with-respect-to-the-expression-of-steroid-synthesis-enzymes
#10
Sachiko Kitamura, Kaoru Abiko, Noriomi Matsumura, Hidekatsu Nakai, Yumiko Akimoto, Hirotoshi Tanimoto, Ikuo Konishi
OBJECTIVE: Some, but not all, granulosa cell tumors are characterized by estrogen production. This study was designed to determine whether there are clinical or pathological variations in granulosa cell tumors in relation to the expression of sex steroid synthesis enzymes. METHODS: Clinical symptoms, serum hormonal values, and histology of 30 granulosa cell tumor patients who underwent surgery between 2002 and 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: Most patients presented with abnormal genital bleeding including abnormal menstrual cycles...
July 2017: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532828/expression-of-apelin-and-apelin-receptor-apj-in-porcine-ovarian-follicles-and-in%C3%A2-vitro-effect-of-apelin-on-steroidogenesis-and-proliferation-through-apj-activation-and-different-signaling-pathways
#11
A Rak, E Drwal, Ch Rame, K Knapczyk-Stwora, M Słomczyńska, J Dupont, E L Gregoraszczuk
Apelin was thought to be an adipocyte-specific hormone, but recent studies indicate a link between apelin and female reproductive function. Using real-time PCR, immunoblotting, immunohistochemistry and ELISA, we demonstrated expression of apelin and its receptor (APJ) in ovarian follicles of different sizes from mature pigs. Apelin concentration in the follicular fluid, and expression of both apelin and APJ, increased with follicular growth; greatest values were found in large follicles. Immunohistochemistry revealed the positive staining for apelin and APJ in membranes of granulosa, than theca cells...
July 1, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532517/expression-of-cocaine-and-amphetamine-regulated-transcript-cart-in-hen-ovary
#12
Pengfei Li, Xuejing Yu, Jianshan Xie, Xiaolei Yao, Wenzhong Liu, Jianbo Yao, Zhiwei Zhu, Lihua Lyu
BACKGROUND: Cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript (CART), discovered initially by via differential display RT-PCR analysis of brains of rats administered cocaine, is expressed mainly in central nervous system or neuronal origin cells, and is involved in a wide range of behaviors, such as regulation of food intake, energy homeostasis, and reproduction. The hens egg-laying rate mainly depends on the developmental status of follicles, expression of CART have not been identified from hen follicles, the regulatory mechanisms of CART biological activities are still unknown...
May 22, 2017: Biological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521851/regulation-of-interleukin-11-expression-in-ovulatory-follicles-of-the-rat-ovary
#13
You-Jee Jang, You-Jee Jang, Jae-Il Park, Jae-Il Park, Seong-Eun Jeong, Seong-Eun Jeong, You-Mi Seo, You-Mi Seo, Phuong T M Dam, Phuong T M Dam, Young-Woo Seo, Young-Woo Seo, Bum-Chae Choi, Bum-Chae Choi, Sang-Jin Song, Sang-Jin Song, Sang-Young Chun, Sang-Young Chun, Moon-Kyoung Cho, Moon-Kyoung Cho
The aim of the present study was to examine the regulation of interleukin (IL)-11 expression, as well as the role of IL-11, during ovulation in gonadotropin-primed immature rats. Injection of equine chorionic gonadotropin (eCG), followed by human CG (hCG) to induce superovulation stimulated expression of the Il11 gene in theca cells within 6h, as revealed by northern blot and in situ hybridisation analyses. Real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis showed that the IL-11 receptor, α subunit gene was expressed in granulosa and theca cells and that injection of hCG had no effect on its expression...
May 19, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512792/expression-of-aquaporin-4-in-the-chicken-ovary-in-relation-to-follicle-development
#14
M Nowak, M Grzesiak, N Saito, M Kwaśniewska, A Sechman, A Hrabia
In the mammalian ovary, aquaporins (AQPs) are thought to be involved in the regulation of fluid transport within the follicular wall and antrum formation. Data concerning the AQPs in the avian ovary is very limited. Therefore, the present study was designed to examine whether the AQP4 is present in the chicken ovary, and if so, what is its distribution in the ovarian compartment of the laying hen. Localization of AQP4 in the ovarian follicles at different stage of development was also investigated. After decapitation of hens the stroma with primordial follicles and white (1-4 mm), yellowish (4-8 mm), small yellow and the three largest yellow pre-ovulatory follicles F3-F1 (F3 < F2 < F1; 20-36 mm) were isolated from the ovary...
May 16, 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506467/apoptosis-of-bovine-granulosa-cells-intracellular-pathways-and-differentiation
#15
M C Carou, P R Cruzans, A Maruri, M G Farina, C D Fiorito, G Olea, D M Lombardo
Follicular atresia in granulosa and theca cells occurs by apoptosis through weak hormonal stimulation. We have previously proposed an in vitro model to study this process by inducing apoptosis in BGC-1, a bovine granulosa cell line, and in primary cultures from ovaries with or without corpus luteum (CPGB+ and CPGB-, respectively), with different doses of gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) analogs (leuprolide acetate (LA) as agonist and antide as antagonist). BGC-1 represent immature granulosa cells, whereas CPGB represent different degrees of luteinization...
May 12, 2017: Acta Histochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499131/polyphyly-in-the-thecate-amoeba-genus-lecythium-chlamydophryidae-tectofilosida-cercozoa-redescription-of-its-type-species-l-hyalinum-description-of-l-jennyae-sp-nov-and-the-establishment-of-fisculla-gen-nov-and-fiscullidae-fam-nov
#16
Kenneth Dumack, Paul Mausbach, Mona Hegmann, Michael Bonkowski
Although testate amoebae have attracted great interest of protistologists for more than a century, some groups, especially those with a hyaline, organic test (=theca) are still poorly known. One of those is the genus Lecythium Hertwig et Lesser, 1874. Only recently Lecythium spp. were characterized by morphological and molecular means, but data on the type species Lecythium hyalinum Hertwig et Lesser, 1874, was still lacking. In this study, we screened for L. hyalinum in freshwater samples of Germany and the Netherlands...
July 2017: Protist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495268/the-presence-of-vegf-and-notch2-during-preantral-antral-follicular-transition-in-infantile-rats-anatomical-evidence-and-its-implications
#17
Minerva Carolina Torres-Ortiz, Gabriel Gutiérrez-Ospina, Margarita Gómez-Chavarín, Clara Murcia, Rogelio A Alonso-Morales, Gerardo Perera-Marín
Folliculogenesis is a process that depends on angiogenesis, in which VEGF and Notch signaling pathway members are involved. Although this pathway is present in preantral and antral follicular structures during the second stage of folliculogenesis, this association has not been described. Therefore, this study aimed to identify VEGF and Notch2 in ovary structures of infantile rats after induction of follicular development with a gonadotropin stimulus. In order to explore this possibility we analyzed rat ovary morphology from days 10-25 after birth; subsequently, the transition from preantral follicle to an antral stage was analyzed by the induction of follicular development with equine chorionic gonadotropin (eCG) and VEGF and Notch were identified in the rat ovary by fluorescence...
August 1, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492799/reproductive-biology-of-endemic-solanum-melissarum-bohs-solanaceae-and-updating-of-its-current-geographic-distribution-as-the-basis-for-its-conservation-in-the-brazilian-cerrado
#18
C P Coelho, D C Gomes, F A G Guilherme, L F Souza
The genus Solanum (family Solanaceae) includes more than 1400 species and has buzz-pollinated flowers with poricidal anthers. The present study aimed to describe the distribution, breeding system and pollination mechanism of Solanum melissarum, a species endemic to Brazil. The study of breeding system was conducted in an urban forest fragment in Jataí, GO. Distribution data were gathered from floristic surveys and digital plant databases. The floral morphology and the pollination mechanism were studied on through field observations and preserved flowers...
May 4, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466535/leptin-immunohistochemical-staining-in-the-porcine-ovary
#19
D Phoophitphong, S Srisuwatanasagul, P Tummaruk
This study aimed to investigate leptin immuno-staining of the porcine ovary in different reproductive stages. Ovaries from 21 gilts were collected from slaughterhouses. The ovarian tissue sections were incubated with a polyclonal anti-leptin as a primary antibody. The immuno-staining in ovarian tissue compartments was calculated using imaging software. Leptin immuno-staining was found in primordial, primary, preantral and antral follicles. Leptin immuno-staining was expressed in the oocyte and granulosa and theca interna layers in both preantral and antral follicles...
May 2, 2017: Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444134/characterization-of-foxo1-3-and-4-transcription-factors-in-ovaries-of-fetal-prepubertal-and-adult-rhesus-macaques
#20
Alison Y Ting, Mary B Zelinski
The phosphoinositide 3-kinase/AKT signaling pathway negatively regulates follicle activation via the forkhead box O (FOXO) transcription factor in rodents. FOXO3 knockout mice exhibit global activation of primordial follicles leading to early depletion of ovarian follicles and subsequent infertility. Whether a similar mechanism for follicle activation exists in the primate ovary is unclear. In the current study, protein localization of FOXO1, 3 and 4 as well as their upstream regulator, AKT/p-AKT, were examined in rhesus macaque ovaries of 3 developmental stages: fetal, prepubertal and adult...
April 22, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
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