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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345450/erratum
#1
(no author information available yet)
Weber, K. (2017). Differences in Types and Incidence of Neoplasms in Wistar Han and Sprague-Dawley Rats. J Toxicol Pathol45, 64-75. (Original DOI: 10.1177/0192623316672075) In the January 2017 issue of Toxicologic Pathology, a number of in text Table citations were incorrectly labeled. The following are the sentences with corrected Table number (this has also been corrected in the online version): Many fewer neoplasms are recorded for the endocrine pancreas compared with islet cell tumor incidences (Table 3)...
January 1, 2017: Toxicologic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341393/cell-specific-immuno-localization-of-progesterone-receptor-alpha-in-the-rabbit-ovary-during-pregnancy-and-after-parturition
#2
Mahmoud Abd-Elkareem
Progesterone receptor alpha (PRA) has a central coordinator role in the ovarian functions in mammals. The aim of this study was to investigate the immunolocalization of PRA in the rabbit ovary during pregnancy and after parturition. The rabbit ovary during pregnancy and after parturition had moderate cytoplasmic and moderate to intense nuclear PRA immunostaining in the ovarian surface epithelial cells, stromal cells and interstitial gland cells. The PRA was also present in granulosa cells and theca interna cells of the growing, small antral and mature Graafian follicles...
March 18, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323907/resveratrol-inhibits-androgen-production-of-human-adrenocortical-h295r-cells-by-lowering-cyp17-and-cyp21-expression-and-activities
#3
Nesa Marti, Nadia Bouchoucha, Kay-Sara Sauter, Christa E Flück
Resveratrol, a natural compound found in grapes, became very popular for its suggested protective effects against aging. It was reported to have similar positive effects on the human metabolism as caloric restriction. Recently, positive effects of resveratrol on steroid biosynthesis in cell systems and in humans suffering from polycystic ovary syndrome have also been reported, but the exact mechanism of this action remains unknown. Sirtuins seem targeted by resveratrol to mediate its action on energy homeostasis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322891/effect-of-antipsychotics-on-mitochondrial-bioenergetics-of-rat-ovarian-theca-cells
#4
Ekramy Elmorsy, Ayat Al-Ghafari, Amal Misbah Aggour, Soaad Mohamed Mosad, Raheela Khan, Saad Amer
BACKGROUND: Antipsychotics (APs) are widely prescribed drugs, which are well known to cause reproductive adverse effects through mechanisms yet to be determined. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of antipsychotics on mitochondrial bioenergetics of rat ovarian theca cells as a possible mechanism of reproductive toxicity. METHODS: Isolated rat's theca interstitial cells (TICs) were treated with two typical (chlorpromazine [CPZ] and haloperidol [HAL]) and two atypical APs (risperidone [RIS] and clozapine [CLZ])...
March 17, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319575/foxl2-mutation-status-in-granulosa-theca-cell-tumors-of-the-ovary
#5
Amber Nolan, Nancy M Joseph, Ankur R Sangoi, Joseph Rabban, Charles Zaloudek, Karuna Garg
Ovarian sex-cord stromal tumors that have between 10% and 50% granulosa cells in a prominent fibrothecomatous background have been referred to as granulosa theca cell tumors or mixed granulosa theca cell tumors. The classification and prognosis of these tumors is not clear. Most adult granulosa cell tumors of the ovary harbor a mutation in the FOXL2 gene, whereas fibromas and thecomas lack this mutation. The aim of our study was to assess the FOXL2 mutation status of ovarian granulosa theca cell tumors and to correlate the mutation status with morphologic and clinical characteristics...
March 17, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315656/expression-of-odc1-spd-spm-and-azin1-in-the-hypothalamus-ovary-and-uterus-during-rat-estrous-cycle
#6
Joseph R D Fernandes, Sammit Jain, Arnab Banerjee
The aim of the present study was to investigate variation in the expression pattern of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC1), spermine (SPM), spermidine (SPD) and antizyme inhibitor (AZIN1) in hypothalamus, ovary and uterus during the estrous cycle of rats. Further, to understand any correlation between polyamines and GnRH I expression in hypothalamus; effect of putrescine treatment on GnRH I expression in hypothalamus and progesterone and estradiol levels in serum were investigated. The study also aims in quantifying all the immunohistochemistry images obtained based on pixel counting algorithm to yield the relative pixel count...
March 16, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299992/developmental-programming
#7
Muraly Puttabyatappa, Ashleigh Irwin, Jacob D Martin, Makeda Mesquitta, Almudena Veiga-Lopez, Vasantha Padmanabhan
Prenatal testosterone (T)-treated sheep, similar to women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), manifests reproductive defects that include multifollicular ovarian phenotype. Women with PCOS manifest increased ovarian matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) activity. We tested the hypothesis that gestational T excess in sheep would alter ovarian expression of MMPs, tissue inhibitors of MMP (TIMP) and their target proteins laminin B (LAMB), collagen, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF), and connexin 43 (GJA1) consistent with increased MMP activity and that these changes are developmentally regulated...
January 1, 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282394/transcriptomal-profiling-of-bovine-ovarian-granulosa-and-theca-interna-cells-in-primary-culture-in-comparison-with-their-in-vivo-counterparts
#8
Nicholas Hatzirodos, Claire Glister, Katja Hummitzsch, Helen F Irving-Rodgers, Philip G Knight, Raymond J Rodgers
In vitro culture of ovarian granulosa cells and theca cells has been very important for our understanding of their function and regulation. One of the most eagerly sought attributes of cell culture is the use of chemically-defined conditions. However, even under such in vitro conditions cell behaviour could differ from the in vivo situation because of differences in oxygen tension, nutrients, adhesion matrix and other factors. To examine this further we compared the transcriptomes of both granulosa cells and cells from the theca interna that were cultured in what are arguably the best in vitro conditions for maintaining the 'follicular' phenotypes of both tissue types, as displayed by their respective freshly-isolated counterparts...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277126/alteration-in-follistatin-gene-expression-detected-in-prenatally-androgenized-rats
#9
Marziyeh Salehi Jahromi, Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani, Jennifer W Hill, Mahsa Noroozzadeh, Maryam Zarkesh, Asghar Ghasemi, Azita Zadeh-Vakili
Impaired ovarian follicle development, the hallmark of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), is believed to be due to the changes in expression of related genes such as follistatin (FST). Expression of FST gene and methylation level of its promoter in theca cells from adult female rats, prenatally exposed to androgen excess, during different phases of the estrus cycle was determined and compared with controls. Eight pregnant Wistar rats (experimental group) were treated by subcutaneous injection of 5 mg free testosterone on day 20 of pregnancy, while controls (n = 8) received 500 ml solvent...
February 26, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261870/development-and-fate-of-the-postovulatory-follicle-complex-postovulatory-follicle-and-observations-on-folliculogenesis-and-oocyte-atresia-in-ovulated-common-snook-centropomus-undecimalis-bloch-1792
#10
Harry J Grier, Carole L Neidig, Irani Quagio-Grassiotto
The common snook, Centropomus undecimalis, was induced to ovulate using a time-release, GnRH analogue. Ovulation occurred the afternoon or evening the day after hormone administration. The time of ovulation was established within half an hour. At ovulation, three fish per time-group were divided into 0, 6, 12, 18 hr and one thru five days post-ovulation to study changes in the postovulatory follicle complex (POC). Histology of the ovaries revealed changes in the POC, postovulatory follicle (POF) and oocyte atresia through five days post-ovulation...
March 5, 2017: Journal of Morphology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250234/apelin-apln-regulates-progesterone-secretion-and-oocyte-maturation-in-bovine-ovarian-cells
#11
Jennifer Roche, Christelle Ramé, Maxime Reverchon, Namya Mellouk, Agnieska Rak, Pascal Froment, Joëlle Dupont
APLN and its G-protein coupled receptor APLNR are expressed in the bovine ovary. However, their role in granulosa cells and oocytes is unknown. Here, we studied their expression in bovine ovarian cells and investigated their regulation in cultured luteinizing granulosa cells in response to IGF1 and FSH. We determined the effect and the molecular mechanism of APLN (isoforms 17 and 13) on bovine granulosa cell progesterone secretion and on oocyte maturation. By RT-qPCR and immunoblot, we showed that the expression of both APLN and APLNR in granulosa and oocytes significantly increased with ovarian follicles size whereas it was similar in theca interstitial cells...
March 1, 2017: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192541/immune-driven-alterations-in-mucin-sulphation-is-an-important-mediator-of-trichuris-muris-helminth-expulsion
#12
Sumaira Z Hasnain, Paul A Dawson, Rohan Lourie, Peter Hutson, Hui Tong, Richard K Grencis, Michael A McGuckin, David J Thornton
Mucins are heavily glycosylated proteins that give mucus its gel-like properties. Moreover, the glycans decorating the mucin protein core can alter the protective properties of the mucus barrier. To investigate whether these alterations could be parasite-induced we utilized the Trichuris muris (T. muris) infection model, using different infection doses and strains of mice that are resistant (high dose infection in BALB/c and C57BL6 mice) or susceptible (high dose infection in AKR and low dose infection in BALB/c mice) to chronic infection by T...
February 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174321/time-course-effect-of-lps-on-tlrs-expression-and-steroidogenesis-in-the-goose-ovary
#13
ShiJia Ying, JiaJia Guo, ZiChun Dai, HuanXi Zhu, JianNing Yu, WeiMing Ma, JiaYI Li, Muhammad Faheem Akhtar, ZhenDan Shi
The ovary of Chinese goose is easily infected by microorganisms because of mating behaviour on water, which causes decreased laying performance. This study investigated the time course effect of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on the steroidogenesis and mRNA expression of Toll-like receptors (TLRs), a class of key pattern recognition receptor, in the breeding goose ovary. The laying geese were treated intravenously with LPS for 0, 6, 12, 24 and 36 h, and all birds were slaughtered approximately 8 h after oviposition...
February 7, 2017: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137614/selective-deletion-of-pten-in-theca-interstitial-cells-leads-to-androgen-excess-and-ovarian-dysfunction-in-mice
#14
Zi-Jian Lan, M S Krause, S D Redding, X Li, G Z Wu, H X Zhou, H C Bohler, C Ko, A J Cooney, Junmei Zhou, Z M Lei
Theca cell-selective Pten mutation (tPtenMT) in mice resulted in increases in PDK1 and Akt phosphorylation, indicating an over-activation of PI3K signaling in the ovaries. These mice displayed elevated androgen levels, ovary enlargement, antral follicle accumulation, early fertility loss and increased expression of Lhcgr and genes that are crucial to androgenesis. These abnormalities were partially reversed by treatments of PI3K or Akt inhibitor. LH actions in Pten deficient theca cells were potentiated. The phosphorylation of Foxo1 was increased, while the binding of Foxo1 to forkhead response elements in the Lhcgr promoter was reduced in tPtenMT theca cells, implying a mechanism by which PI3K/Akt-induced upregulation of Lhcgr in theca cells might be mediated by reducing the inhibitory effect of Foxo1 on the Lhcgr promoter...
January 28, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127692/carbonaceous-adsorbents-derived-from-textile-cotton-waste-for-the-removal-of-alizarin-s-dye-from-aqueous-effluent-kinetic-and-equilibrium-studies
#15
Béchir Wanassi, Ichrak Ben Hariz, Camélia Matei Ghimbeu, Cyril Vaulot, Mohamed Ben Hassen, Mejdi Jeguirim
Recycling cotton waste derived from the textile industry was used as a low-cost precursor for the elaboration of an activated carbon (AC) through carbonization and zinc chloride chemical activation. The AC morphological, textural, and surface chemistry properties were determined using different analytical techniques including Fourier transform infrared, temperature programmed desorption-mass spectroscopy, nitrogen manometry and scanning electron microscopy. The results show that the AC was with a hollow fiber structure in an apparent diameter of about 6...
January 27, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107515/regulatory-mechanisms-underlying-the-expression-of-prolactin-receptor-in-chicken-granulosa-cells
#16
Shenqiang Hu, Raj Duggavathi, David Zadworny
Prolactin (PRL) has both pro- and anti-gonadal roles in the regulation of avian ovarian functions through its interaction with the receptor (PRLR). However, neither the pattern of expression of PRLR nor its regulatory mechanisms during follicle development have been clearly defined. The objective of the present study was to investigate mechanisms of PRLR expression in chicken granulosa cells. Levels of PRLR transcript were highest in the stroma and walls of follicles < 2 mm in diameter and progressively declined with the maturation of follicles...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078843/association-between-expression-of-cumulus-expansion-markers-and-real-time-proliferation-of-porcine-follicular-granulosa-cells-in-a-primary-cell-culture-model
#17
S Ciesiółka, J Budna, A Bryja, W Kranc, A Chachuła, M Dyszkiewicz-Konwińska, H Piotrowska, D Bukowska, P Antosik, M Bruska, K P Brüssow, M Nowicki, M Zabel, B Kempisty
Folliculogenesis is a compound process that involves both ovarian follicle growth and oocyte development, which is tightly attached to the follicular wall. During this process, cells that form the follicle structure undergo substantial morphological and molecular modifications that finally lead to differentiation and specialization of ovarian follicular cells. The differentiation of ovarian cells encompasses formation of follicle, which is composed of theca (TCs), mural granulosa (GCs), and cumulus cells (CCs)...
October 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073464/gambierdiscus-balechii-sp-nov-dinophyceae-a-new-benthic-toxic-dinoflagellate-from-the-celebes-sea-sw-pacific-ocean
#18
Santiago Fraga, Francisco Rodríguez, Pilar Riobó, Isabel Bravo
A new benthic toxic dinoflagellate is described from the Celebes Sea. Gambierdiscus balechii sp. nov. was isolated from seaweeds growing in tidal ponds. Its morphology was studied by means of LM and SEM; G. balechii has a very ornamented theca, a hatchet shaped second apical plate, a narrow second antapical plate and an asymmetrical third precigular plate, a unique combination of characters among Gambierdiscus species. It has a very wide size range with widths from 36 to 88μm. Phylogenetic analyses of two G...
September 2016: Harmful Algae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069904/detection-and-activity-of-11-beta-hydroxylase-cyp11b1-in-the-bovine-ovary
#19
Ayelen N Amweg, Fernanda Mariel Rodriguez, Emilia Huber, Belkis E Marelli, Natalia Gareis, Eduardo M Belotti, Florencia Rey, Natalia Raquel Salvetti, Hugo H Ortega
Glucocorticoids (GCs) such as cortisol and corticosterone are important steroid hormones with different functions in intermediate metabolism, development, cell differentiation, immune response and reproduction. In response to physiological and immunological stress, adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) acts on the adrenal gland by stimulating synthesis and secretion of GCs. However, there is increasing evidence that GCs may also be synthesized by extra-adrenal tissues. Here, we examined the gene and protein expression of the enzyme 11β-hydroxylase P450c11 (CYP11B1), involved in the conversion of 11-deoxycortisol to cortisol, in the different components of the bovine ovary, and determined the functionality of CYP11B1 in vitro...
January 9, 2017: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028238/major-transitions-in-dinoflagellate-evolution-unveiled-by-phylotranscriptomics
#20
Jan Janouškovec, Gregory S Gavelis, Fabien Burki, Donna Dinh, Tsvetan R Bachvaroff, Sebastian G Gornik, Kelley J Bright, Behzad Imanian, Suzanne L Strom, Charles F Delwiche, Ross F Waller, Robert A Fensome, Brian S Leander, Forest L Rohwer, Juan F Saldarriaga
Dinoflagellates are key species in marine environments, but they remain poorly understood in part because of their large, complex genomes, unique molecular biology, and unresolved in-group relationships. We created a taxonomically representative dataset of dinoflagellate transcriptomes and used this to infer a strongly supported phylogeny to map major morphological and molecular transitions in dinoflagellate evolution. Our results show an early-branching position of Noctiluca, monophyly of thecate (plate-bearing) dinoflagellates, and paraphyly of athecate ones...
January 10, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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