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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138931/rna-seq-analysis-reveals-the-distinctive-adaxial-abaxial-polarity-in-the-asymmetric-one-theca-stamen-of-canna-indica
#1
Xueyi Tian, Pu Zou, Mingzhi Miao, Zulin Ning, Jingping Liao
Proper establishment of adaxial-abaxial polarity is essential for the development of lateral organs, while former researches were mostly focused on the polarity regulation in leaves, and little is known in stamens, especially in the asymmetric ones. Canna indica (Zingiberales: Cannaceae) is a widely cultivated ornamental plant and the representative species to study the evolutionary development of Zingiberales. The androecium of Canna indica comprises 3-4 petaloid staminodes and a fertile stamen (FS), which consists of a one-theca anther and a petaloid appendage...
November 14, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Genomics: MGG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132723/ovarian-sex-cord-stromal-tumours-and-their-mimics
#2
REVIEW
Robert H Young
Sex cord-stromal tumours of the ovary include many of the most morphologically intriguing ovarian neoplasms and albeit many of them are rare, they factor into the differential diagnosis more often than their frequency might suggest. The most common malignant form, the adult granulosa cell tumour, may grossly simulate various surface epithelial neoplasms. Microscopically, confusion with endometrioid carcinoma may occur because the cords and microfollicles of the granulosa cell tumour may be mimicked by endometrioid carcinoma and the latter may have pale nuclei with nuclear grooves...
November 10, 2017: Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130964/changes-in-the-proliferation-apoptosis-balance-in-the-bovine-ovary-a-key-early-event-in-follicular-persistence
#3
E Matías Belotti, Antonela F Stassi, Melisa M L Velázquez, Pablo U Díaz, Belkis E Marelli, Florencia Rey, Ulises S Notaro, Hugo H Ortega, Natalia R Salvetti
The objective of this work was to evaluate proliferation and apoptosis in the bovine ovary in a model of follicular persistence induced by low levels of progesterone to detect incipient changes during cystic ovarian disease development on the expected day of ovulation (day 0) and after 5, 10, and 15 days of follicular persistence. We analyzed cell proliferation by evaluating the expression of Ki-67 and apoptosis by evaluating caspase-3, BAX, and BCL2 expression. Proliferation was similar in the granulosa and theca cells of antral follicles in the P0 group (treated with progesterone up to the expected day of ovulation) and in the control group...
November 3, 2017: Cells, Tissues, Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097063/expression-and-localization-of-polypeptide-n-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase-like-protein-5-in-the-reproductive-organs-and-sperm-of-hu-sheep
#4
Xiaolei Yao, M A Ei-Samahy, Xu Feng, Tinging Zhang, Fengzhe Li, Guomin Zhang, Jing Pang, Haitao Nie, Feng Wang
The polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase-like protein 5 (GALNTL5) is involved in male fertility; however, its involvement in the reproduction and fertility of females remains unclear. Therefore, the present study aimed to examine the presence of GALNTL5 in the reproductive organs of ewes during the estrus period and to investigate its expression in cauda epididymal and ejaculated sperm. Results showed that GALNTL5 mRNA and protein were present in some reproductive organs of ewes during the estrus period...
October 27, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095972/placental-growth-factor-is-required-for-ovulation-luteinization-and-angiogenesis-in-primate-ovulatory-follicles
#5
Hannah R Bender, Heidi A Trau, Diane M Duffy
Placental growth factor (PGF) is member of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) family of angiogenesis regulators. VEGFA is an established regulator of ovulation and formation of the corpus luteum. To determine if PGF also mediates aspects of ovulation and luteinization, macaques received gonadotropins to stimulate multiple follicular development. Ovarian biopsies and whole ovaries were collected before (0h) and up to 36h after hCG administration to span the ovulatory interval. PGF and VEGFA were expressed by both granulosa cells and theca cells...
October 30, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093602/fertility-preservation-in-female-patients-with-breast-cancer-a-current-overview
#6
Veronika Guenther, Ibrahim Alkatout, Wiebe Junkers, Dirk Bauerschlag, Nicolai Maass, Soeren von Otte
Many premenopausal patients who develop breast cancer have not yet completed their family planning, so measures of fertility protection to preserve their fertile potential would be beneficial. Polychemotherapy causes irreversible damage to the ovarian follicles - irrespective of whether in a neoadjuvant or adjuvant setting - and this can sometimes result in permanent infertility. Depending on which cytostatic agents are used and on the age-related ovarian reserve of the woman, gonadotoxic risk must be classified as low, moderate or high...
October 2017: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064548/expression-and-localization-of-fshr-ghr-and-lhr-in-different-tissues-and-reproductive-organs-of-female-yaks
#7
Hong Chen, Yan Cui, Sijiu Yu
This study aimed to investigate the expression and localization of FSHR/GHR/LHR in different tissues and examine the regulated effects of FSHR/GHR/LHR in the reproductive organs of female yaks during luteal phase. The qRT-PCR and Immunohistochemistry assays were utilized to analyze the expression and localization of FSHR/GHR/LHR in different tissues on female yaks. The qRT-PCR results showed that the mRNA expressions of FSHR/GHR/LHR were significantly different in the non-reproductive organs (P < 0.01), the highest expression level was observed both the kidney, cerebellum and lung, whereas the lower expression level was observed both the liver and spleen...
October 24, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045588/the-mycotoxin-metabolite-deepoxy-deoxynivalenol-increases-apoptosis-and-decreases-steroidogenesis-in-bovine-ovarian-theca-cells
#8
Hilda M Guerrero-Netro, Anthony Estienne, Younès Chorfi, Christopher A Price
The mycotoxin deoxynivalenol (DON) has been shown to inhibit ovarian granulosa cell function in cattle in vitro, but it is not known whether DON or its metabolite deepoxy-DON (DOM-1) affect theca cell function. The objectives of the present study were to determine the effects of DON and of DOM-1 on theca cell steroidogenesis and apoptosis, and to determine the main pathways through which they act. Bovine theca cells were cultured in a non-luteinizing serum-free culture system, and challenged with DON or DOM-1 for 4 d to measure steroidogenesis and apoptosis, for 1-8 h to measure immediate-early genes, and for 5-60 min to measure phosphorylation of intracellular signaling proteins...
October 13, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036365/the-developmental-origin-and-compartmentalization-of-glutathione-s-transferase-omega-2-isoforms-in-the-perinuclear-theca-of-eutherian-spermatozoa
#9
Lauren E Hamilton, Genevieve Acteau, Wei Xu, Peter Sutovsky, Richard J Oko
The perinuclear theca (PT) is a condensed, non-ionic detergent resistant cytosolic protein layer encapsulating the sperm head nucleus. It can be divided into two regions: the subacrosomal layer (SAL), whose proteins are involved in acrosomal assembly during spermiogenesis and the postacrosomal sheath (PAS), whose proteins are implicated in sperm-oocyte interactions during fertilization. In continuation of our proteomic analysis of the PT, we have isolated two prominent PT derived proteins of 28- and 31-kDa from demembranated bovine sperm head fractions...
October 4, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028960/ovarian-follicular-theca-cell-recruitment-differentiation-and-impact-on-fertility-2017-update
#10
JoAnne S Richards, Yi A Ren, Nicholes Candelaria, Jaye E Adams, Aleksandar Rajkovic
The major goal of this review is to summarize recent exciting findings that have been published within the past 10 years that, to our knowledge, have not been presented in detail in previous reviews and that may impact altered follicular development in polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) and premature ovarian failure (POF) in women. Specifically, we will cover 1) mouse models that have led to discovery of the derivation of two precursor populations of theca cells in the embryonic gonad, 2) the key roles of the oocyte-derived factor GDF9 on the hedgehog (HH) signaling pathway and theca cell functions and 3) the impact of the HH pathway on both the specification of theca endocrine cells and theca fibroblast and smooth muscle cells in developing follicles...
October 5, 2017: Endocrine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024517/germ-cell-migration-proliferation-and-differentiation-during-gonadal-morphogenesis-in-all-female-japanese-flounder-paralichthys-olivaceus
#11
Yang Yang, Qinghua Liu, Yongshuang Xiao, Xueying Wang, Hao An, Zongcheng Song, Feng You, Yanfeng Wang, Daoyuan Ma, Jun Li
In this study, all genetic female(XX)broods of Japanese flounder were produced artificially by mating the females with sex-reversed males. The proliferation and migration of primordial germ cells (PGCs), formation of ovary and oogenesis were described in detail. After hatching, around 20 individual PGCs migrated from the lateral to the dorsal of trunk region. At 15 days post hatching (dph), a part of PGCs were covered by a single layer somatic cells and formed the genital ridge. By 22 dph, the elongated gonadal primordia appeared under the ventral kidney, where the PGCs were totally enclosed by somatic cells...
October 10, 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983998/phylogeny-and-redescription-of-the-testate-amoeba-diaphoropodon-archeri-chlamydophryidae-thecofilosea-cercozoa-de-saedeleer-1934-and-annotations-on-the-polyphyly-of-testate-amoebae-with-agglutinated-tests-in-the-cercozoa
#12
Kenneth Dumack, Michael Bonkowski, Steffen Clauß, Eckhard Völcker
The genus Diaphoropodon, Archer 1869, comprises filose amoebae with agglutinated tests made of quartz grains, diatom frustules, and other particulate materials. The key trait of the genus is a hyaline theca covered with numerous 5-10 μm long, hair-like rods. Based on SSU rDNA phylogeny, we show that Diaphoropodon groups closely to Lecythium, a testate amoeba genus with a flexible but naked theca. Electron microscopic images reveal that the rods of Diaphoropodon are not perforating the test but lie randomly distributed on the surface of the amoeba...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982594/endocrine-disruptor-effect-of-perfluorooctane-sulfonic-acid-pfos-and-perfluorooctanoic-acid-pfoa-on-porcine-ovarian-cell-steroidogenesis
#13
Andrea Chaparro-Ortega, Miguel Betancourt, Patricia Rosas, Francisco G Vázquez-Cuevas, Roberto Chavira, Edmundo Bonilla, Eduardo Casas, Yvonne Ducolomb
Previous studies with perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) indicate that they act as endocrine disruptors, in addition to inducing alterations and damaging reproductive health; however, the biological mechanisms by which these disorders are produced are not yet understood. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of PFOS and PFOA on in vitro steroidogenic secretion in porcine theca and granulosa cells, with or without gonadotropic stimulation. Granulosa and theca cells were isolated and cultured...
October 2, 2017: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972875/effect-of-melatonin-on-bovine-theca-cells-in-vitro
#14
T Feng, L F Schutz, B C Morrell, M C Perego, L J Spicer
Melatonin affects granulosa cell function in several species but its function in theca cells is less clear, particularly in monotocous animals. Thus, the objectives of this study were to determine the effects of melatonin on theca cell steroidogenesis, gene expression and cell proliferation in a monotocous species, namely cattle. Ovaries were collected from a local bovine abattoir, from which theca cells were isolated from large (8-22mm) follicles and treated with various hormones in serum-free medium for 24h or 48h...
October 4, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965601/the-role-of-lysosomes-in-the-phenomenon-of-concentration-of-aluminum-and-indium-in-the-female-reproductive-system-an-ultrastructural-study
#15
REVIEW
Mhamdi Marwa, Florea Adrian, Badri Nedra, Maghraoui Samira, Matei Horea, Tekaia Walid-Habib, Rym Baati, Tekaya Leila
The female reproductive system is one of the most complex systems in the body taking into account the hormonal fluctuations associated with ovarian and uterine menstrual cycles. The purpose of this work was to study the impact of aluminum nitrate and indium sulfate on the uterus and the ovary of a pregnant rat. The experiment was performed on adult female rats of Wistar strain weighing approximately 250g. The Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) showed the presence of electron-dense material in lysosomes of both uterine cells (myometrium and endometrium cells) and in the cells of the ovary (internal theca and granulosa cells)...
December 2017: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940132/formation-of-multiple-oocyte-follicles-in-culture
#16
Alice P Christensen, Emeline Peyrache, Heidy Kaune, Suzannah A Williams
Basement membranes are found in every organ of the body. They provide structure and a selective filter for molecules. The ovary is no different with the follicular basal lamina (FBL) separating the granulosa and theca cells, facilitating regulation of the changing follicular environment providing appropriate conditions for the developing oocyte. The FBL is modified in C1galt1 Mutant mice (C1galt1 (FF):ZP3Cre) resulting from oocyte-specific deletion of C1galt1. Changes in the FBL lead to follicles joining to generate multiple-oocyte follicles (MOFs); where two or more oocytes are contained within a single follicle...
October 2017: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938399/gonadotropin-dependent-neuregulin-1-signaling-regulates-female-rat-ovarian-granulosa-cell-survival
#17
Indrajit Chowdhury, Alicia Branch, Sharifeh Mehrabi, Byron D Ford, Winston E Thompson
Mammalian ovarian follicular development and maturation of an oocyte competent to be fertilized and develop into an embryo depends on tightly regulated, spatiotemporally orchestrated crosstalk among cell death, survival, and differentiation signals through extra- and intraovarian signals, as well as on a permissive ovarian follicular microenvironment. Neuregulin-1 (NRG1) is a member of the epidermal growth factor-like factor family that mediates its effects by binding to a member of the erythroblastoma (ErbB) family...
October 1, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929980/during-capacitation-in-bull-spermatozoa-actin-and-plc-%C3%AE-undergo-dynamic-interactions
#18
Itzayana Mejía-Flores, Natalia Chiquete-Félix, Icela Palma-Lara, Salvador Uribe-Carvajal, María de Lourdes Juárez-Mosqueda
The migration pattern of sperm-specific phospholipase C-ζ (PLC-ζ) was followed and the role of this migration in actin cytoskeleton dynamics was determined. We investigated whether PLC-ζ exits sperm, opening the possibility that PLC-ζ is the 'spermatozoidal activator factor' (SOAF). As capacitation progresses, the highly dynamic actin cytoskeleton bound different proteins to regulate their location and activity. PLC-ζ participation at the start of fertilization was established. In non-capacitated spermatozoa, PLC-ζ is in the perinuclear theca (PT) and in the flagellum, therefore it was decided to determine whether bovine sperm actin interacts with PLC-ζ to direct its relocation as it progresses from non-capacitated (NC) to capacitated (C) and to acrosome-reacted (AR) spermatozoa...
September 20, 2017: Zygote: the Biology of Gametes and Early Embryos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903889/gdf9-and-bmp15-expressions-and-fine-structure-changes-during-folliculogenesis-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#19
Meryem İlkay Karagül, Savaş Aktaş, Banu Coşkun Yılmaz, Mustafa Yılmaz, Gülhan Örekiçi Temel
BACKGROUND: Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is the most frequently seen endocrine disorder in women of the reproductive age with the prevalence of about 10%. AIMS: To investigate the efficiency of the growth differentiation factor 9 (GDF9) and bone morphogenetic protein 15 (BMP15) during folliculogenesis in a dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA)-induced mouse PCOS model. STUDY DESIGN: Animal experimentation. METHODS: Mice were divided into three groups; control, vehicle and PCOS group...
September 13, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901488/the-role-of-fructose%C3%A2-1-6%C3%A2-bisphosphatase-1-in-abnormal-development-of-ovarian-follicles-caused-by-high-testosterone-concentration
#20
Tao Liu, Han Zhao, Jianfeng Wang, Xin Shu, Yuan Gao, Xiaoli Mu, Fei Gao, Hongbin Liu
The present study aimed to identify the molecular mechanisms underlying the effects of the fructose‑1,6‑bisphosphatase 1 (FBP1) signaling pathway within normal follicle development and in hyperandrogenism‑induced abnormal follicle growth. To achieve this, murine primary follicles, granulosa cells (GCs) and theca‑interstitial cells (TICs) were isolated, cultured in vitro and treated with a high concentration of androgens. A concentration of 1x10‑5 mol/l testosterone was considerable to induce hyperandrogenism by MTT assay...
November 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
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