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Yi Ming Ren, Xin Zhao, Tao Yang, Yuan Hui Duan, Yun Bo Sun, Wen Jun Zhao, Meng Qiang Tian
PURPOSE: To compare differentially expressed genes (DEGs) mediating osteoarthritis (OA) in knee cartilage and in normal knee cartilage in a rat model of OA and to identify their impact on molecular pathways associated with OA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A gene expression profile was downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. Analysis of DEGs was carried out using GEO2R. Enrichment analyses were performed on the Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway using the Search Tool for the Retrieval of Interacting Genes database (http://www...
August 2018: Yonsei Medical Journal
Enrico Tiacci, Erik Ladewig, Gianluca Schiavoni, Alex Penson, Elisabetta Fortini, Valentina Pettirossi, Yuchun Wang, Ariele Rosseto, Alessandra Venanzi, Sofija Vlasevska, Roberta Pacini, Simonetta Piattoni, Alessia Tabarrini, Alessandra Pucciarini, Barbara Bigerna, Alessia Santi, Alessandro M Gianni, Simonetta Viviani, Antonello Cabras, Stefano Ascani, Barbara Crescenzi, Cristina Mecucci, Laura Pasqualucci, Raul Rabadan, Brunangelo Falini
Dissecting the pathogenesis of classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL), a common cancer in young adults, remains challenging because of the rarity of tumor cells in involved tissues (usually <5%). Here, we analyzed the coding genome of cHL by microdissecting tumor and normal cells from 34 patient biopsies for a total of ∼50 000 singly isolated lymphoma cells. We uncovered several recurrently mutated genes, namely, STAT6 (32% of cases), GNA13 (24%), XPO1 (18%), and ITPKB (16%), and document the functional role of mutant STAT6 in sustaining tumor cell viability...
May 31, 2018: Blood
Kisha A Scarlett, El-Shaddai Z White, Christopher J Coke, Jada R Carter, Latoya K Bryant, Cimona V Hinton
G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) heterodimerization has emerged as a means by which alternative signaling entities can be created; yet, how receptor heterodimers affect receptor pharmacology remains unknown. Previous observations suggested a biochemical antagonism between GPCRs, CXCR4 and CB2 (CNR2), where agonist-bound CXCR4 and agonist-bound CB2 formed a physiologically nonfunctional heterodimer on the membrane of cancer cells, inhibiting their metastatic potential in vitro However, the reduced signaling entities responsible for the observed functional outputs remain elusive...
April 2018: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
Suhail Ahmed Kabeer Rasheed, Hui Sun Leong, Manikandan Lakshmanan, Anandhkumar Raju, Dhivya Dadlani, Fui-Teen Chong, Nicholas B Shannon, Ravisankar Rajarethinam, Thakshayeni Skanthakumar, Ern Yu Tan, Jacqueline Siok Gek Hwang, Kok Hing Lim, Daniel Shao-Weng Tan, Paolo Ceppi, Mei Wang, Vinay Tergaonkar, Patrick J Casey, N Gopalakrishna Iyer
Treatment failure in solid tumors occurs due to the survival of specific subpopulations of cells that possess tumor-initiating (TIC) phenotypes. Studies have implicated G protein-coupled-receptors (GPCRs) in cancer progression and the acquisition of TIC phenotypes. Many of the implicated GPCRs signal through the G protein GNA13. In this study, we demonstrate that GNA13 is upregulated in many solid tumors and impacts survival and metastases in patients. GNA13 levels modulate drug resistance and TIC-like phenotypes in patient-derived head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) cells in vitro and in vivo...
March 2018: Oncogene
Muralidharan Jayaraman, Rangasudhagar Radhakrishnan, Cara A Mathews, Mingda Yan, Sanam Husain, Katherine M Moxley, Yong Sang Song, Danny N Dhanasekaran
With the goal of identifying diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers in endometrial cancer, miRNA-profiling was carried out with formalin-fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) tissue samples from 49 endometrial cancer patients. Results using an 84-cancer specific miRNA panel identified the upregulation of miR-141-3p and miR-96-5p along with a downregulation of miR-26, miR-126-3p, miR-23b, miR-195-5p, miR-374a and let-7 family of miRNAs in endometrial cancer. We validated the dysregulated expression of the identified miRNAs in a panel of endometrial cancer cell-lines...
May 2017: Genes & Cancer
Wenjuan Liu, Honghong Li, Yan Wang, Xinyao Zhao, Yuanying Guo, Jing Jin, Rongxiang Chi
Increasing evidence has demonstrated that aberrant microRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in the pathogenesis of most human malignancies. The purpose of this study was to explore the role of miR-30b-5p in human RCC. In the current study, we firstly found that the expression levels of miR-30b-5p were lower in both RCC tissues and cell lines. Then, we found that enforced miR-30b-5p expression and knockdown of GNA13 significantly suppressed the proliferation, invasion, migration and EMT of RCC cell lines. In addition, miR-30b-5p directly targeted GNA13 and repressed its expression...
August 30, 2017: Gene
Udhaya Kumari Udayappan, Patrick J Casey
Abstract: GNA12 is the α subunit of a heterotrimeric G protein that possesses oncogenic potential. Activated GNA12 also promotes prostate and breast cancer cell invasion in vitro and in vivo, and its expression is up-regulated in many tumors, particularly metastatic tissues. In this study, we explored the control of expression of GNA12 in prostate cancer cells. Initial studies on LnCAP (low metastatic potential, containing low levels of GNA12) and PC3 (high metastatic potential, containing high GNA12 levels) cells revealed that GNA12 mRNA levels correlated with protein levels, suggesting control at the transcriptional level...
April 10, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Darius Juskevicius, David Jucker, Dirk Klingbiel, Christoph Mamot, Stephan Dirnhofer, Alexandar Tzankov
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Recently, the mutational background of diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) has been revealed, identifying specific genetic events that drive lymphomagenesis. However, the prognostic value of these mutations remains to be determined. Prognostic biomarkers in DLBCL are urgently needed, since the current clinical parameter-based factors (e.g., International Prognostic Index (IPI)) are insufficient, particularly in identifying patients with poor prognosis who might benefit from alternative treatments...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
Mio Hirayama-Kurogi, Yohei Takizawa, Yasuto Kunii, Junya Matsumoto, Akira Wada, Mizuki Hino, Hiroyasu Akatsu, Yoshio Hashizume, Sakon Yamamoto, Takeshi Kondo, Shingo Ito, Masanori Tachikawa, Shin-Ichi Niwa, Hirooki Yabe, Tetsuya Terasaki, Mitsutoshi Setou, Sumio Ohtsuki
Schizophrenia is a disabling mental illness associated with dysfunction of the prefrontal cortex, which affects cognition and emotion. The purpose of the present study was to identify altered molecular networks in the prefrontal cortex of schizophrenia patients by comparing protein expression levels in autopsied brains of patients and controls, using a combination of targeted and focused quantitative proteomics. We selected 125 molecules possibly related to schizophrenia for quantification by knowledge-based targeted proteomics...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
Sheng-An Lee, Kuo-Chuan Huang
BACKGROUND: Epigenetics of schizophrenia provides important information on how the environmental factors affect the genetic architecture of the disease. DNA methylation plays a pivotal role in etiology for schizophrenia. Previous studies have focused mostly on the discovery of schizophrenia-associated SNPs or genetic variants. As postmortem brain samples became available, more and more recent studies surveyed transcriptomics of the diseases. In this study, we constructed protein-protein interaction (PPI) network using the disease associated SNP (or genetic variants), differentially expressed disease genes and differentially methylated disease genes (or promoters)...
December 5, 2016: BMC Medical Genomics
Mengrui Wu, Wei Chen, Yun Lu, Guochun Zhu, Liang Hao, Yi-Ping Li
Many positive signalling pathways of osteoclastogenesis have been characterized, but negative signalling pathways are less well studied. Here we show by microarray and RNAi that guanine nucleotide-binding protein subunit α13 (Gα13) is a negative regulator of osteoclastogenesis. Osteoclast-lineage-specific Gna13 conditional knockout mice have a severe osteoporosis phenotype. Gna13-deficiency triggers a drastic increase in both osteoclast number and activity (hyper-activation), mechanistically through decreased RhoA activity and enhanced Akt/GSK3β/NFATc1 signalling...
January 19, 2017: Nature Communications
Robert Kridel, Fong Chun Chan, Anja Mottok, Merrill Boyle, Pedro Farinha, King Tan, Barbara Meissner, Ali Bashashati, Andrew McPherson, Andrew Roth, Karey Shumansky, Damian Yap, Susana Ben-Neriah, Jamie Rosner, Maia A Smith, Cydney Nielsen, Eva Giné, Adele Telenius, Daisuke Ennishi, Andrew Mungall, Richard Moore, Ryan D Morin, Nathalie A Johnson, Laurie H Sehn, Thomas Tousseyn, Ahmet Dogan, Joseph M Connors, David W Scott, Christian Steidl, Marco A Marra, Randy D Gascoyne, Sohrab P Shah
BACKGROUND: Follicular lymphoma (FL) is an indolent, yet incurable B cell malignancy. A subset of patients experience an increased mortality rate driven by two distinct clinical end points: histological transformation and early progression after immunochemotherapy. The nature of tumor clonal dynamics leading to these clinical end points is poorly understood, and previously determined genetic alterations do not explain the majority of transformed cases or accurately predict early progressive disease...
December 2016: PLoS Medicine
Yi Xu, Jian Rong, Shiyu Duan, Cui Chen, Yin Li, Baogang Peng, Bin Yi, Zhousan Zheng, Ying Gao, Kebing Wang, Miao Yun, Huiwen Weng, Jiaxing Zhang, Sheng Ye
Guanine nucleotide binding protein alpha 13 (GNA13) has been found to play critical roles in the development of several human cancers. However, little is known about GNA13 expression and its clinical significance in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In our study, GNA13 was reported to be significantly up-regulated in HCC tissues, and this was correlated with several clinicopathological parameters, including tumor multiplicity (P = 0.004), TNM stage (P = 0.002), and BCLC stage (P = 0.010). Further Cox regression analysis suggested that GNA13 expression was an independent prognostic factor for overall survival (P = 0...
November 24, 2016: Scientific Reports
Cui Rong Teo, Patrick J Casey, Suhail Ahmed Kabeer Rasheed
Gα13 (encoded by GNA13 gene) is the alpha subunit of a heterotrimeric G-protein that mediates signaling through specific G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). Increased GNA13 expression has been observed in metastatic breast cancer cells. Recently, we have shown that enhanced GNA13 signaling in MCF-10a cells, a benign breast cancer cell line increased its invasiveness. Previous studies have reported that Kallikrein-related peptidases (KLKs 1-15) are down-regulated in breast tumors and may have a tumor protective function...
October 2016: Cellular Signalling
Mitchell S Stark, Lisa N Tom, Glen M Boyle, Vanessa F Bonazzi, H Peter Soyer, Adrian C Herington, Pamela M Pollock, Nicholas K Hayward
We previously identified miR-4731-5p (miR-4731) as a melanoma-enriched microRNA following comparison of melanoma with other cell lines from solid malignancies. Additionally, miR-4731 has been found in serum from melanoma patients and expressed less abundantly in metastatic melanoma tissues from stage IV patients relative to stage III patients. As miR-4731 has no known function, we used biotin-labelled miRNA duplex pull-down to identify binding targets of miR-4731 in three melanoma cell lines (HT144, MM96L and MM253)...
August 2, 2016: Oncotarget
Jane A Healy, Adrienne Nugent, Rachel E Rempel, Andrea B Moffitt, Nicholas S Davis, Xiaoyu Jiang, Jennifer R Shingleton, Jenny Zhang, Cassandra Love, Jyotishka Datta, Matthew E McKinney, Tiffany J Tzeng, Nina Wettschureck, Stefan Offermanns, Katelyn A Walzer, Jen-Tsan Chi, Suhail A K Rasheed, Patrick J Casey, Izidore S Lossos, Sandeep S Dave
GNA13 is the most frequently mutated gene in germinal center (GC)-derived B-cell lymphomas, including nearly a quarter of Burkitt lymphoma and GC-derived diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. These mutations occur in a pattern consistent with loss of function. We have modeled the GNA13-deficient state exclusively in GC B cells by crossing the Gna13 conditional knockout mouse strain with the GC-specific AID-Cre transgenic strain. AID-Cre(+) GNA13-deficient mice demonstrate disordered GC architecture and dark zone/light zone distribution in vivo, and demonstrate altered migration behavior, decreased levels of filamentous actin, and attenuated RhoA activity in vitro...
June 2, 2016: Blood
Sydney Dubois, Pierre-Julien Viailly, Sylvain Mareschal, Elodie Bohers, Philippe Bertrand, Philippe Ruminy, Catherine Maingonnat, Jean-Philippe Jais, Pauline Peyrouze, Martin Figeac, Thierry J Molina, Fabienne Desmots, Thierry Fest, Corinne Haioun, Thierry Lamy, Christiane Copie-Bergman, Josette Brière, Tony Petrella, Danielle Canioni, Bettina Fabiani, Bertrand Coiffier, Richard Delarue, Frédéric Peyrade, André Bosly, Marc André, Nicolas Ketterer, Gilles Salles, Hervé Tilly, Karen Leroy, Fabrice Jardin
PURPOSE: Next-generation sequencing (NGS) has detailed the genomic characterization of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) by identifying recurrent somatic mutations. We set out to design a clinically feasible NGS panel focusing on genes whose mutations hold potential therapeutic impact. Furthermore, for the first time, we evaluated the prognostic value of these mutations in prospective clinical trials. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: A Lymphopanel was designed to identify mutations in 34 genes, selected according to literature and a whole exome sequencing study of relapsed/refractory DLBCL patients...
June 15, 2016: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
H Yagi, K Asanoma, T Ohgami, A Ichinoe, K Sonoda, K Kato
G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) and their ligands function in the progression of human malignancies. Gα12 and Gα13, encoded by GNA12 and GNA13, respectively, are referred to as the GEP oncogene and are implicated in tumor progression. However, the molecular mechanisms by which Gα12/13 activation promotes cancer progression are not fully elucidated. Here, we demonstrate elevated expression of Gα12/13 in human ovarian cancer tissues. Gα12/13 activation did not promote cellular migration in the ovarian cancer cell lines examined...
August 25, 2016: Oncogene
Bjoern Chapuy, Hongwei Cheng, Akira Watahiki, Matthew D Ducar, Yuxiang Tan, Linfeng Chen, Margaretha G M Roemer, Jing Ouyang, Amanda L Christie, Liye Zhang, Daniel Gusenleitner, Ryan P Abo, Pedro Farinha, Frederike von Bonin, Aaron R Thorner, Heather H Sun, Randy D Gascoyne, Geraldine S Pinkus, Paul van Hummelen, Gerald G Wulf, Jon C Aster, David M Weinstock, Stefano Monti, Scott J Rodig, Yuzhuo Wang, Margaret A Shipp
Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is a heterogeneous disease defined by transcriptional classifications, specific signaling and survival pathways, and multiple low-frequency genetic alterations. Preclinical model systems that capture the genetic and functional heterogeneity of DLBCL are urgently needed. Here, we generated and characterized a panel of large B-cell lymphoma (LBCL) patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models, including 8 that reflect the immunophenotypic, transcriptional, genetic, and functional heterogeneity of primary DLBCL and 1 that is a plasmablastic lymphoma...
May 5, 2016: Blood
Jia-Xing Zhang, Miao Yun, Yi Xu, Jie-Wei Chen, Hui-Wen Weng, Zou-San Zheng, Cui Chen, Dan Xie, Sheng Ye
Guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), alpha 13 (GNA13) has been implicated as an oncogenic protein in several human cancers. In this study, GNA13 was characterized for its role in gastric cancer (GC) progression and underlying molecular mechanisms. The expression dynamics of GNA13 were examined by immunohistochemistry (IHC) in two independent cohorts of GC samples. A series of in-vivo and in-vitro assays was performed to elucidate the function of GNA13 in GC and its underlying mechanisms. In both two cohorts of GC samples, we observed that GNA13 was markedly overexpressed in GC tissues and associated closely with aggressive magnitude of GC progression and poor patients' survival...
January 26, 2016: Oncotarget
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