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Gross Motor Development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035576/inter-and-intrarater-reliabilities-of-the-test-of-gross-motor-development-third-edition-among-experienced-tgmd-2-raters
#1
Hyokju Maeng, E Kipling Webster, E Andrew Pitchford, Dale A Ulrich
The purpose of this study was to examine the inter- and intrarater reliabilities of the Test of Gross Motor Development-third edition (TGMD-3). The TGMD-3 was administered to 10 typically developing children. Five raters with experience using the Test of Gross Motor Development-second edition (TGMD-2) scored the digitally recorded performances and then rescored the same performances after a period of 2 weeks. Intraclass correlation (ICC) was used to examine both inter- and intrarater reliabilities of scores...
October 16, 2017: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028557/understanding-the-association-between-stunting-and-child-development-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-next-steps-for-research-and-intervention
#2
REVIEW
Jessica M Perkins, Rockli Kim, Aditi Krishna, Mark McGovern, Victor M Aguayo, S V Subramanian
Stunting, caused by experiences of chronic nutritional deprivation, affects approximately 25% of children under age five globally (i.e., 156 million children). In this review, evidence of a relationship between stunting and child development in low- and middle-income countries is summarized, and issues for further research are discussed. We focus on studies that measured low height-for-age among children less than 5 years old as the exposure and gross/fine motor skills, psychosocial competencies, cognitive abilities, or schooling and learning milestones as the outcomes...
September 22, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023517/developmental-delay-in-the-amazon-the-social-determinants-and-prevalence-among-rural-communities-in-peru
#3
Christopher Westgard, Yossef Alnasser
The consequences of poor child development are becoming increasingly recognized. Programs are being put in place around the world to improve child development by providing healthy and stimulating environments for children. However, these programs often have limited reach and little is known about the prevalence of developmental delay in under-developed communities. The current study set-out to better understand the prevalence of developmental delay in rural communities in the Amazon region of Peru. Also, it explores social determinants that are associated with any delay...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016199/ability-based-balancing-using-the-gross-motor-function-measure-in-exergaming-for-youth-with-cerebral-palsy
#4
Alexander MacIntosh, Lauren Switzer, Susan Hwang, Adrian L Jessup Schneider, Daniel Clarke, T C Nicholas Graham, Darcy L Fehlings
OBJECTIVE: To test if the gross motor function measure (GMFM) could be used to improve game balancing allowing youth with cerebral palsy (CP) with different physical abilities to play a cycling-based exercise videogame together. Our secondary objective determined if exergaming with the GMFM Ability-Based algorithm was enjoyable. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight youth with CP, 8-14 years of age, GMFM scores between 25.2% and 87.4% (evenly distributed between Gross Motor Function Classification System levels II and III), competed against each other in head-to-head races, totaling 28 unique race dyads...
October 10, 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986652/infant-development-and-pre-and-post-partum-depression-in-rural-south-african-hiv-infected-women
#5
Violeta J Rodriguez, Gladys Matseke, Ryan Cook, Seanna Bellinger, Stephen M Weiss, Maria L Alcaide, Karl Peltzer, Doyle Patton, Maria Lopez, Deborah L Jones
HIV-exposed infants born to depressed women may be at risk for adverse developmental outcomes. Half of HIV-infected women in rural South Africa (SA) may suffer from pregnancy-related depression. This pilot study examined the impact of depression in HIV-infected women in rural SA on infant development. Mother-infant dyads (N = 69) were recruited in rural SA. Demographics, HIV disclosure, depression, male involvement, and alcohol use at baseline (18.35 ± 5.47 weeks gestation) were assessed. Male involvement, depression, infant HIV serostatus and development were assessed 12 months postnatally...
October 6, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977332/concurrent-validity-of-the-brunet-l%C3%A3-zine-scale-with-the-bayley-scale-for-assessment-of-the-development-of-preterm-infants-up-to-two-years
#6
Fernanda Guimarães Campos Cardoso, Cibelle Kayenne Martins Roberto Formiga, Thailyne Bizinotto, Rogério Blasbalg Tessler, Francisco Rosa
OBJECTIVE: To verify the correlation between the areas evaluated by the Brunet-Lézine and the Bayley III scales of preterm infants up to two years. METHODS: The study included 88 children who were divided into 3 groups: Group 1 (1 month to 5 months and 29 days of corrected chronological ages - CCA) with 32 children; Group 2 (6 months to 11 months and 29 days of CCA) with 36 participants; and Group 3 (18 -23 months and 23 days of CCA) with 20 children. The concurrent validity of the Brunet-Lézine scale and the Bayley III scale was calculated using the Pearson correlation or its non-parametric version, the Spearman correlation...
April 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965494/the-impacts-of-maternal-iron-deficiency-and-being-overweight-during-pregnancy-on-neurodevelopment-of-the-offspring
#7
Staffan K Berglund, Francisco J Torres-Espínola, Luz García-Valdés, Mª Teresa Segura, Cristina Martínez-Zaldívar, Carmen Padilla, Ricardo Rueda, Miguel Pérez García, Harry J McArdle, Cristina Campoy
Both maternal Fe deficiency (ID) and being overweight or obese (Ow/Ob, BMI≥25 kg/m2) may negatively affect offspring brain development. However, the two risk factors correlate and their independent effects on infant neurodevelopment are unclear. PREOBE is a prospective observational study that included 331 pregnant Spanish women, of whom 166 had pre-gestational Ow/Ob. Fe status was analysed at 34 weeks and at delivery, and babies were assessed using Bayley III scales of neurodevelopment at 18 months. In confounder-adjusted analyses, maternal ID at 34 weeks was associated with lower composite motor scores at 18 months (mean 113·3 (sd 9·9) v...
October 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960836/bcl11a-frameshift-mutation-associated-with-dyspraxia-and-hypotonia-affecting-the-fine-gross-oral-and-speech-motor-systems
#8
Julie Soblet, Ivan Dimov, Clemens Graf von Kalckreuth, Julie Cano-Chervel, Simon Baijot, Karin Pelc, Martine Sottiaux, Catheline Vilain, Guillaume Smits, Nicolas Deconinck
We report the case of a 7-year-old male of Western European origin presenting with moderate intellectual disability, severe childhood apraxia of speech in the presence of oral and manual dyspraxia, and hypotonia across motor systems including the oral and speech motor systems. Exome sequencing revealed a de novo frameshift protein truncating mutation in the fourth exon of BCL11A, a gene recently demonstrated as being involved in cognition and language development. Making parallels with a previously described patient with a 200 kb 2p15p16...
September 27, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950223/infant-motor-and-cognitive-abilities-and-subsequent-executive-function
#9
Meng Wu, Xi Liang, Shan Lu, Zhengyan Wang
INTRODUCTION: Although executive function (EF) is widely considered crucial to several aspects of life, the mechanisms underlying EF development remain largely unexplored, especially for infants. From a behavioral or neurodevelopmental perspective, motor and general cognitive abilities are linked with EF. EF development is a multistage process that starts with sensorimotor interactive behaviors, which become basic cognitive abilities and, in turn, mature EF. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to examine how infant motor and general cognitive abilities are linked with their EF at 3 years of age...
September 23, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946862/long-term-outcome-in-survivors-of-neonatal-tetanus-following-specialist-intensive-care-in-vietnam
#10
Huynh T Trieu, Nguyen Thi Kim Anh, Huynh Ngoc Thien Vuong, T T M Dao, Nguyen Thi Xuan Hoa, Vo Ngoc Cat Tuong, Pham Tam Dinh, Bridget Wills, Phan Tu Qui, Le Van Tan, Lam Minh Yen, Saraswathy Sabanathan, Catherine Louise Thwaites
BACKGROUND: Neonatal tetanus continues to occur in many resource-limited settings but there are few data regarding long-term neurological outcome from the disease, especially in settings with critical care facilities. METHODS: We assessed long-term outcome following neonatal tetanus in infants treated in a pediatric intensive care unit in southern Vietnam. Neurological and neurodevelopmental testing was performed in 17 survivors of neonatal tetanus and 18 control children from the same communities using tools previously validated in Vietnamese children...
September 25, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942767/measuring-the-effect-of-soil-transmitted-helminth-infections-on-cognitive-function-in-children-systematic-review-and-critical-appraisal-of-evidence
#11
Kei Owada, Mark Nielsen, Colleen L Lau, Archie C A Clements, Laith Yakob, Ricardo J Soares Magalhães
Recently the role of soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections in children's cognitive developmental impairment has been under scrutiny. We conducted a systematic review of the evidence for associations between STH infections and cognitive function of children using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses protocol. We aimed to identify the domains of cognitive function in three age strata (<24months, 24-59months and ≥60months) and critically appraise the general design protocol of the studies, with a focus on the cognitive function measurement tools used...
2017: Advances in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925580/nutrition-hygiene-and-stimulation-education-to-improve-growth-cognitive-language-and-motor-development-among-infants-in-uganda-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#12
Grace K M Muhoozi, Prudence Atukunda, Lien M Diep, Robert Mwadime, Archileo N Kaaya, Anne B Skaare, Tiril Willumsen, Ane C Westerberg, Per O Iversen
Stunting is associated with impaired cognitive and motor function. The effect of an education intervention including nutrition, stimulation, sanitation, and hygiene on child growth and cognitive/language/motor development, delivered to impoverished mothers in Uganda, was assessed. In a community-based, open cluster-randomized trial, 511 mother/children dyads aged 6-8 months were enrolled to an intervention (n = 263) or control (n = 248) group. The primary outcome was change in length-for-age z-score at age 20-24 months...
September 19, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917084/evaluation-of-neurodevelopment-of-children-with-congenital-hypothyroidism-by-the-denver-developmental-screening-test
#13
Ayşe Derya Buluş, Esra Tiftik
BACKGROUND: Thyroid hormones are essential for growth and brain development in childhood. Although congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is the most common reason for mental retardation, normal neurological development can be achieved through early and effective treatment. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the neurological development of CH patients aged 24-56 months. METHODS: The study included a total of 116 healthy control subjects and 112 patients aged 24-56 months who were diagnosed with CH during the neonatal period and were being followed up at the Pediatric Endocrinology Department, Keçiören Training and Research Hospital, between 2012 and 2015...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915098/balance-proprioception-and-gross-motor-development-of-chinese-children-aged-3-to-6-years
#14
Gui-Ping Jiang, Xi-Bian Jiao, Sheng-Kou Wu, Zhong-Qiu Ji, Wei-Tong Liu, Xi Chen, Hui-Hui Wang
The authors' aim was to find the features of balance, proprioception, and gross motor development of Chinese children 3-6 years old and their correlations, provide theoretical support for promoting children's motor development, and enrich the world theoretical system of motor development. This study used a Tekscan foot pressure measurement instrument (Tekscan, Inc., Boston, MA), walking on a balance beam, Xsens 3-dimensional positional measuring system (Xsens Technologies, Enschede, the Netherlands), and Test of Gross Motor Development-2 to assess static balance, dynamic balance, knee proprioception, and levels of gross motor development (GMD) of 3- to 6-year-old children (n = 60) in Beijing...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912368/neurodevelopment-of-hiv-exposed-and-hiv-unexposed-uninfected-children-at-24-months
#15
Sumona Chaudhury, Paige L Williams, Gloria K Mayondi, Jean Leidner, Penny Holding, Vicki Tepper, Sharon Nichols, Jane Magetse, Maureen Sakoi, Kebaiphe Moabi, Joseph Makhema, Charlotte Mdluli, Haruna Jibril, George R Seage, Betsy Kammerer, Shahin Lockman
BACKGROUND: We sought to determine if HIV-exposed uninfected (HEU) children had worse neurodevelopmental outcomes at 24 months compared with HIV-unexposed uninfected (HUU) children in Botswana. METHODS: HIV-infected and uninfected mothers enrolled in a prospective observational study ("Tshipidi") in Botswana from May 2010 to July 2012. Child neurodevelopment was assessed at 24 months with the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, Third Edition (Bayley-III: cognitive, gross motor, fine motor, expressive language, and receptive language domains) and the Development Milestones Checklist (DMC), a caregiver-completed questionnaire (locomotor, fine motor, language and personal-social domains)...
October 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902393/fine-motor-control-underlies-the-association-between-response-inhibition-and-drawing-skill-in-early-development
#16
Andrew Simpson, Reshaa Al Ruwaili, Richard Jolley, Hayley Leonard, Nicolas Geeraert, Kevin J Riggs
Previous research shows that the development of response inhibition and drawing skill are linked. The current research investigated whether this association reflects a more fundamental link between response inhibition and motor control. In Experiment 1, 3- and 4-year-olds (n = 100) were tested on measures of inhibition, fine motor control, and drawing skill. Data revealed an association between inhibition and fine motor control, which was responsible for most of the association observed with drawing skill...
September 13, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898311/-breastfeeding-gross-motor-development-and-obesity-is-there-any-causal-association
#17
Gerardo Weisstaub N, Luisa Schonhaut B, Gabriela Salazar R
Childhood obesity is the main nutritional and public health problem in Chile, being the principal causes, the increase in energy dense foods and the decline of physical activity. Interventions to prevent obesity at infancy are focused mainly in improving quality and quantity of dietary intake, without taking into account physical activity, which is expressed under two years of age, mainly by motor development. Some studies have proven that motor development at early age, may influence the ability to perform physical activity...
2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891004/cerebral-imaging-and-neurodevelopmental-outcome-after-entero-and-human-parechovirus-sepsis-in-young-infants
#18
Eveline P de Jong, Herma C Holscher, Sylke J Steggerda, Jeanine M M Van Klink, Erika P M van Elzakker, Enrico Lopriore, Frans J Walther, Frank Brus
Enterovirus (EV) and human parechovirus (HPeV) are major causes of sepsis-like illness in infants under 90 days of age and have been identified as neurotropic. Studies about acute and long-term neurodevelopment in infants with sepsis-like illness without the need for intensive care are few. This study investigates cerebral imaging and neurodevelopmental outcome following EV and HPeV infection in these infants. We studied infants under 90 days of age who were admitted to a medium care unit with proven EV- or HPeV-induced sepsis-like illness...
September 10, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883870/assessment-of-the-relationship-between-body-mass-index-and-gross-motor-development-in-children
#19
Sepideh Amouian, Zahra Abbasi Shaye, Sakineh Mohammadian, Matin Bakhtiari, Bahar Parsianmehr
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is a growing epidemic and public health problem in children. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of body mass index (BMI) on the gross motor development. MATERIALS & METHODS: In this cross-sectional study conducted in 2012-13 in Gorgan, northern Iran, the gross motor development of 90 children 3-5 yr old in three groups of lean, normal and obese/overweight were evaluated by the ages and stages questionnaires (ASQ) and Denver 2 scale...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873887/motorsense-using-motion-tracking-technology-to-support-the-identification-and-treatment-of-gross-motor-dysfunction
#20
Inmaculada Arnedillo-Sánchez, Bryan Boyle, Benoît Bossavit
MotorSense is a motion detection and tracking technology that can be implemented across a range of environments to assist in detecting delays in gross-motor skills development. The system utilises the motion tracking functionality of Microsoft's Kinect™. It features games that require children to perform graded gross-motor tasks matched with their chronological and developmental ages. This paper describes the rationale for MotorSense, provides an overview of the functionality of the system and illustrates sample activities...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
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