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Gross Motor Development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668026/nicu-graduates-the-role-of-the-allied-health-team-in-follow-up
#1
Jane L Orton, Joy E Olsen, Katherine Ong, Rochelle Lester, Alicia J Spittle
Infants who graduate from the neonatal intensive care unit, including those infants born preterm and/or with brain injury, are at increased risk of long-term neurodevelopmental impairments. The developmental allied health team, consisting of physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech pathology, is crucial in early evaluation of gross motor, fine motor, feeding, and language development. Surveillance of neurodevelopment in the first year of life is essential to ensure early detection of specific developmental delays and impairments, and to ensure timely referral for early intervention...
April 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658318/what-makes-children-with-cerebral-palsy-vulnerable-to-malnutrition-findings-from-the-bangladesh-cerebral-palsy-register-bcpr
#2
Israt Jahan, Mohammad Muhit, Tasneem Karim, Hayley Smithers-Sheedy, Iona Novak, Cheryl Jones, Nadia Badawi, Gulam Khandaker
PURPOSE: To assess the nutritional status and underlying risk factors for malnutrition among children with cerebral palsy in rural Bangladesh. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used data from the Bangladesh Cerebral Palsy Register; a prospective population based surveillance of children with cerebral palsy aged 0-18 years in a rural subdistrict of Bangladesh (i.e., Shahjadpur). Socio-demographic, clinical and anthropometric measurements were collected using Bangladesh Cerebral Palsy Register record form...
April 16, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652955/-neurodevelopmental-assessment-of-patients-with-congenital-hypothyroidism
#3
Alicia Núñez, Paula Bedregal, Carlos Becerra, Francisca Grob L
Congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is the most common cause of preventable cognitive disability worldwide. Generally, it is produced by an alteration in the embryogenesis of the thyroid gland or by an alteration in the synthesis of thyroid hormones, which determine that affected patients have low or absent thyroid hormone concentrations. The importance of this fact is that brain development during the first three years of life is highly dependent on thyroid hormones. Prior to the implementation of national neonatal screening programs around the world, 8 to 27% of children with CH had an IQ lower than 70...
December 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648943/who-skips-using-temperament-to-explain-differential-outcomes-of-a-motor-competence-intervention-for-preschoolers
#4
Sally A Taunton, Kelly Lynn Mulvey, Ali S Brian
PURPOSE: Although motor skill interventions often improve fundamental motor skills (FMS) during preschool, the extent of individual children's success in development of FMS still varies among children receiving the same intervention. Temperament is multifaceted and includes negative affect (high levels of frustration or anger), effortful control (focus, self-regulation, and concentration), and surgency (energy and activity level). Temperament often influences cognitive, social, and behavioral outcomes and may be a significant factor in the development of FMS...
April 12, 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629179/the-relationship-of-gross-upper-and-lower-limb-motor-competence-to-measures-of-health-and-fitness-in-adolescents-aged-13-14-years
#5
Benjamin David Weedon, Francesca Liu, Wala Mahmoud, Renske Metz, Kyle Beunder, Anne Delextrat, Martyn G Morris, Patrick Esser, Johnny Collett, Andy Meaney, Ken Howells, Helen Dawes
Introduction: Motor competence (MC) is an important factor in the development of health and fitness in adolescence. Aims: This cross-sectional study aims to explore the distribution of MC across school students aged 13-14 years old and the extent of the relationship of MC to measures of health and fitness across genders. Methods: A total of 718 participants were tested from three different schools in the UK, 311 girls and 407 boys (aged 13-14 years), pairwise deletion for correlation variables reduced this to 555 (245 girls, 310 boys)...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628361/relationship-between-habitual-physical-activity-motor-capacity-and-capability-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-aged-4-5-years-across-all-functional-abilities
#6
Piyapa Keawutan, Kristie L Bell, Stina Oftedal, Peter S W Davies, Robert S Ware, Roslyn N Boyd
BACKGROUND: Children with cerebral palsy (CP) have lower habitual physical activity (HPA) than their typically developing peers. There are limited studies of HPA in young children with CP under the age of 5 years. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationships between HPA, sedentary time, motor capacity and capability in children with CP aged 4-5 years. METHODS: Sixty-seven participants were classified using Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS), assessed for motor capacity using Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM) and wore accelerometers for three days to measure HPA and sedentary time...
April 3, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627308/function-in-unaffected-arms-of-children-with-obstetric-brachial-plexus-palsy
#7
Dilek Aktaş, Beyhan Eren, Özge Keniş-Coşkun, Evrim Karadag-Saygi
OBJECTIVE: The objective is to compare the fine and gross motor function of unaffected arms of children with obstetric brachial plexus palsy (OBBP) with typically developing children's dominant upper extremities. METHODS: Fifty-three patients with OBBP and fifty-one typically developing children between the age of 4 and 13 were included in the study. For gross motor function evaluation in the upper extremity box-block test (BBT), for fine motor skill nine-hole peg (9HP) test was used...
March 26, 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616236/effects-of-water-quality-sanitation-handwashing-and-nutritional-interventions-on-child-development-in-rural-kenya-wash-benefits-kenya-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Christine P Stewart, Patricia Kariger, Lia Fernald, Amy J Pickering, Charles D Arnold, Benjamin F Arnold, Alan E Hubbard, Holly N Dentz, Audrie Lin, Theodora J Meerkerk, Erin Milner, Jenna Swarthout, John M Colford, Clair Null
Background: Poor nutrition and infectious diseases can prevent children from reaching their developmental potential. We aimed to assess the effects of improvements in water, sanitation, handwashing, and nutrition on early child development in rural Kenya. Methods: In this cluster-randomised controlled trial, we enrolled pregnant women in their second or third trimester from three counties (Kakamega, Bungoma, and Vihiga) in Kenya's western region, with an average of 12 households per cluster...
April 2018: Lancet Child & Adolescent Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616235/effect-of-water-quality-sanitation-hand-washing-and-nutritional-interventions-on-child-development-in-rural-bangladesh-wash-benefits-bangladesh-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Fahmida Tofail, Lia Ch Fernald, Kishor K Das, Mahbubur Rahman, Tahmeed Ahmed, Kaniz K Jannat, Leanne Unicomb, Benjamin F Arnold, Sania Ashraf, Peter J Winch, Patricia Kariger, Christine P Stewart, John M Colford, Stephen P Luby
Background: Poor nutrition and hygiene make children vulnerable to delays in growth and development. We aimed to assess the effects of water quality, sanitation, handwashing, and nutritional interventions individually or in combination on the cognitive, motor, and language development of children in rural Bangladesh. Methods: In this cluster-randomised controlled trial, we enrolled pregnant women in their first or second trimester from rural villages of Gazipur, Kishoreganj, Mymensingh, and Tangail districts of central Bangladesh, with an average of eight women per cluster...
April 2018: Lancet Child & Adolescent Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613921/markers-of-environmental-enteric-dysfunction-are-associated-with-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-in-tanzanian-children
#10
Analee J Etheredge, Karim Manji, Mark Kellogg, Hao Tran, Enju Liu, Christine M McDonald, Rodrick Kisenge, Said Aboud, Wafaie Fawzi, David Bellinger, Andrew T Gewirtz, Christopher P Duggan
BACKGROUND: Chronic exposure to enteropathogens may result in environmental enteric dysfunction (EED), a subclinical condition associated with poor child growth. Growth faltering is strongly associated with poor neurodevelopment, and occurs during sensitive periods of postnatal brain development. We investigated the role of novel EED biomarkers, systemic inflammation, and micronutrient status on neurodevelopment in Tanzanian children. METHODS: Non-stunted subjects with 6-week and 6-month blood samples and neurodevelopmental measures (n = 107) were included in this study...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608120/concurrent-validity-of-two-standardized-measures-of-gross-motor-function-in-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#11
Jamie M Holloway, Toby Long, Fred Biasini
AIMS: This study provides information on how two standardized measures based on different theoretical frameworks can be used in collecting information on motor development and performance in 4- and 5-year-olds with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The purpose of the study was to determine the concurrent validity of the Miller Function and Participation Scales (M-FUN) with the Peabody Developmental Motor Scales, Second Edition (PDMS-2) in young children with ASD. METHODS: The gross motor sections of the PDMS-2 and the M-FUN were administered to 22 children with ASD between the ages of 48 and 71 months...
April 2, 2018: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601457/longitudinal-association-between-human-parechovirus-central-nervous-system-infection-and-gross-motor-neurodevelopment-in-young-children
#12
Ted M T van Hinsbergh, Roy G Elbers, Marceline A M van Furth, Charlie C C Obihara
BACKGROUND: A paucity of studies investigated the association between human parechovirus (HPeV) central nervous system (CNS) infection and motor and neurocognitive development of children. This study describes the gross-motor function (GMF) in young children during 24 months after HPeV-CNS-infection compared with children in whom no pathogen was detected. METHODS: GMF of children was assessed with alberta infant motor scale, bayley scales of infant and toddler development or movement assessment battery for children...
March 27, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594463/traumatic-brain-injury-in-indian-children
#13
REVIEW
Krishna Chaitanya, Archana Addanki, Rajendra Karambelkar, Rakesh Ranjan
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) in children and adolescents is a community-based medical and educational challenge world-over due to increasing urbanization and motorization. In India, children between 1 to 15 years constitute significant proportion of the total population, who are vulnerable for TBI. In developed countries, pediatric trauma mortality still represents more than half of all childhood fatalities, which is 18 times more common than brain tumors. In this study, we attempted to analyze epidemiological factors, management, and outcome of TBI in children at a tertiary care center in Pune, Maharashtra...
March 29, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579559/attainment-of-gross-motor-milestones-by-preterm-children-with-normal-development-upon-school-entry
#14
Nienke H van Dokkum, Marlou L A de Kroon, Arend F Bos, Sijmen A Reijneveld, Jorien M Kerstjens
BACKGROUND: Little is known on the motor development of moderately preterm born (MPT) children, in comparison with early preterm born (EPT) children and fullterm born (FT), for children with normal motor outcomes at school entry. AIMS: To compare attainment rates of gross motor milestones reached between ages 1-24 months for MPT, EPT, and FT children, all with normal development upon school entry. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SUBJECTS: We included 1247 preterm (PT) children (gestational age [GA] 24...
March 23, 2018: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578995/commentary-on-clubfoot-does-not-impair-gross-motor-development-in-5-year-olds
#15
Nancy L Garcia, Shelley Mader
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578994/clubfoot-does-not-impair-gross-motor-development-in-5-year-olds
#16
Karina A Zapata, Lori A Karol, Kelly A Jeans, Chan-Hee Jo
PURPOSE: To evaluate the gross motor development of 5-year-olds using the Peabody Developmental Motor Scales, 2nd Edition (PDMS-2), test after initial nonoperative management of clubfoot as infants. METHODS: The PDMS-2 Stationary, Locomotion, and Object Manipulation subtests were assessed on 128 children with idiopathic clubfeet at the age of 5 years. Children were categorized by their initial clubfoot severity as greater than 13, unilateral or bilateral involvement, and required surgery...
April 2018: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578189/effect-of-multilevel-lower-limb-botulinum-injections-intensive-physical-therapy-on-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#17
Monica Juneja, Rahul Jain, Ankita Gautam, Ritu Khanna, Kamia Narang
Background & objectives: Botulinum toxin is considered as an effective treatment for spasticity in children with cerebral palsy (CP). However, there are only a few long-term studies, and the effects on motor function have been inconclusive. Moreover, due to its high cost and need for intensive post-injection therapy, utility in context of developing nations has not been established. This retrospective study was undertaken to assess the long term effects of botulinum toxin-A with physical therapy in children with CP...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572283/cerebellar-volume-as-an-imaging-marker-of-development-in-infants-with-tuberous-sclerosis-complex
#18
Siddharth Srivastava, Anna K Prohl, Benoit Scherrer, Kush Kapur, Darcy A Krueger, Simon K Warfield, Mustafa Sahin
OBJECTIVE: In this cohort analysis, we studied 1-year-old infants with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC), correlating volumes of cerebellar structures with neurodevelopmental measures. METHODS: We analyzed data from a prospective biomarker study in infants with TSC (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01780441). We included participants aged 12 months with an identified mutation of TSC1 or TSC2 . Using MRI segmentation performed with the PSTAPLE algorithm, we measured relative volumes (structure volume divided by intracranial contents volume) of the following structures: right/left cerebellar white matter, right/left cerebellar exterior, vermal lobules I-V, vermal lobules VI-VII, and vermal lobules VIII-X...
March 23, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570913/children-with-cochlear-implants-in-infancy-predictors-of-early-vocabulary
#19
Edith L Bavin, Julia Sarant, Greg Leigh, Luke Prendergast, Peter Busby, Candida Peterson
BACKGROUND: Language outcomes for children with cochlear implants (CIs) vary widely, even for those implanted before 2 years of age. Identifying the main influencing factors that account for some of the variability is important in order to provide information to guide appropriate clinical and intervention services for young children with CIs. However, there is limited research focusing on the predictors of early vocabulary development for children implanted in infancy. AIMS: To identify significant predictors of vocabulary (12-15 months post-implant) for a sample of 33 children with CIs, the majority implanted between 6 and 10 months of age, drawing on predictors of vocabulary reported for children with normal hearing...
March 23, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570548/intrathecal-baclofen-therapy-prior-to-spinal-fusion-for-patients-with-gross-motor-function-classification-system-iv-v-cerebral-palsy
#20
Kristin Buxton, Rachel Difazio, Ann Morgan, Margaret McCabe, Peter W Forbes
BACKGROUND: Patients with Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) IV-V cerebral palsy (CP) have significant spasticity and frequently develop scoliosis. Intrathecal baclofen (ITB) pumps are effective in managing spasticity. The effect of ITB therapy on the postoperative course following spinal fusion in patients with GMFCS IV-V CP has not been described. This study sought to compare postoperative recovery, including complications, in patients using ITB therapy with those with no ITB therapy...
March 2018: Orthopaedic Nursing
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