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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371585/validity-of-field-assessments-to-predict-peak-muscle-power-in-preschoolers
#1
Sara King-Dowling, Nicole A Proudfoot, John Cairney, Brian W Timmons
BACKGROUND: Field-based fitness assessments are time- and cost-efficient. However, no studies to date have reported the predictive value of field-based musculoskeletal fitness assessments in preschoolers. The purpose of this study was to determine the validity of two field assessments to predict peak muscle power in preschool-aged children. METHODS: Four-hundred nineteen 3- to 5-year olds participated (208 girls, 211 boys; mean age: 4.5±0.9 years). Peak power (PP) was evaluated using a modified 10-second Wingate protocol as the criterion standard...
April 3, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254639/psychometric-and-clinimetric-properties-of-the-melbourne-assessment-2-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#2
Tien-Ni Wang, Kai-Jie Liang, Yi-Chia Liu, Jeng-Yi Shieh, Hao-Ling Chen
OBJECTIVE: The Melbourne Assessment 2 (MA2) is increasingly used as an outcome measurement in clinical studies. The purposes of this study were to examine its psychometric and clinimetric properties. DESIGN: Psychometric and clinimetric study. SETTING: Community. PARTICIPANTS: Seventeen children with CP from 5 to 12 years were recruited for the estimation of the test-retest reliability and minimal detectable change (MDC)...
February 27, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218875/balance-and-coordination-capacities-of-male-children-and-adolescents-with-intellectual-disability
#3
Ken Pitetti, Ruth Ann Miller, Michael Loovis
Children and adolescents with intellectual disability (ID) exhibit a mixture of cognitive, motor, and psychosocial limitation. Identifying specific inadequacies in motor proficiency in youth with ID would improve therapeutic management to enhance functional capacity and health-related physical activity. The purpose of this study was to initiate descriptive data collection of gross motor skills of youth with ID and compare those skills with competency norms. The Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency (BOT-2) was used to measure 6 items for balance (BAL), 5 items for upper limb coordination (ULC), and 6 items for bilateral coordination (BLC) of 123 males (ages 8-18) with ID but without Down syndrome...
January 2017: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154445/associating-physical-activity-levels-with-motor-performance-and-physical-function-in-childhood-survivors-of-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#4
Stanley H Hung, Anne Rankin, Naznin Virji-Babul, Sheila Pritchard, Christopher Fryer, Kristin L Campbell
Purpose: This cross-sectional, observational study investigated whether physical activity (PA) levels are associated with motor performance and physical function in children after treatment for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Method: Participants aged 8-13 years who had completed treatment for ALL (3-36 months post-treatment) were tested at their oncology long-term follow-up appointment at the British Columbia Children's Hospital. PA level was measured using the Physical Activity Questionnaire for Older Children (PAQ-C)...
2017: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139029/vincristine-induced-peripheral-neuropathy-in-survivors-of-childhood-acute-lymphoblastic-leukaemia
#5
Chee Geap Tay, Vanessa Wan Mun Lee, Lai Choo Ong, Khean Jin Goh, Hany Ariffin, Choong Yi Fong
BACKGROUND: Vincristine, an essential component of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) therapeutic protocols, is associated with dose-dependent neurotoxicity, but its long-term morbidity in treated children has not been clearly elucidated. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of vincristine-induced peripheral neuropathy (VIPN) among Malaysian childhood ALL survivors and its impact on motor function and quality of life. PROCEDURE: Survivors of childhood ALL aged 4-18 years who had completed chemotherapy for 2 years or more were evaluated for VIPN using both the clinical Total Neuropathy Score (cTNS) and nerve conduction studies...
January 31, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869410/the-effect-of-strength-training-based-on-process-approach-intervention-on-balance-of-children-with-developmental-coordination-disorder
#6
Hasan Kordi, Mehdi Sohrabi, Alireza Saberi Kakhki, Seyed R Attarzadeh Hossini
INTRODUCTION: Balance is one of the main problems of children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD). According to process-oriented approach, besides strength training, neuromuscular adaptations can improve balance. OBJETIVE: To evaluate the effects of strength training on improving static and dynamic balance in DCD children. METHODS AND POPULATION: Children between 7 to 9 years old in Tehran participated in the study through randomized controlled trial design...
December 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832925/ecological-validity-of-the-german-bruininks-oseretsky-test-of-motor-proficiency-2nd-edition
#7
Sabine Vinçon, Dido Green, Rainer Blank, Ekkehart Jenetzky
The diagnosis of Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) is based on poor motor coordination in the absence of other neurological disorders. In order to identify the presence of movement difficulties, a standardised motor assessment is recommended to determine the extent of movement problems which may contribute to deficits in daily task performance. A German version of the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency, Second Edition (German BOT-2) was recently published. This study aimed to determine the ecological validity of the German BOT-2 by considering the relationship between assessment of fundamental motor skills with the BOT-2 and performance of everyday motor activities as evaluated by parents...
November 7, 2016: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751561/assessing-motor-proficiency-in-young-adults-the-bruininks-oseretsky-test-2-short-form-and-the-mccarron-assessment-of-neuromuscular-development
#8
F McIntyre, H Parker, A Thornton, M Licari, J Piek, D Rigoli, B Hands
Currently, only two motor tests have norms extending into young adulthood - the McCarron Assessment of Neuromuscular Development (MAND, McCarron 1997) and the Bruininks Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency-2 (BOT-2, Bruininks & Bruininks, 2005). Research into the motor difficulties in early adulthood and health outcomes has been impeded because there is no agreed gold standard motor test for this group. The purposes of this study were to compare the discrimination accuracy, classification agreement, and predictive values, and gender distribution and prevalence of each test in identifying motor impairment (MI) in relation to DSM-V diagnostic criteria for DCD...
October 14, 2016: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749751/unilateral-hearing-loss-is-associated-with-impaired-balance-in-children-a-pilot-study
#9
Nikolaus E Wolter, Sharon L Cushing, Luis D Vilchez-Madrigal, Adrian L James, Jennifer Campos, Blake C Papsin, Karen A Gordon
OBJECTIVE: To determine if children with unilateral sensorineural hearing loss (UHL) demonstrate impaired balance compared with their normal hearing (NH) peers. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, case-control study. METHODS: Balance was assessed in14 UHL and 14 NH children using the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test-2 (BOT-2) and time to fall (TTF) in an immersive, virtual-reality laboratory. Postural control was quantified by center of pressure (COP) using force plates...
December 2016: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740896/association-between-body-mass-index-and-motor-competence-in-santal-children-of-purulia-district-india
#10
Sutanu Dutta Chowdhury, Brian H Wrotniak, Tusharkanti Ghosh
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between body mass index and motor competence in Santal children 5-12 years old. A total of 816 Santal children were studied. Children's adiposity status was assessed by body mass index (BMI) for age z-score based on World Health Organization reference data. Motor competence was measured using the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Competence (BOT-2). There was no significant difference in mean BMI z-score between Santal boys (0.13 ± 0.07) and girls (-0...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27439995/gross-motor-performance-in-children-prenatally-exposed-to-alcohol-and-living-in-remote-australia
#11
Barbara R Lucas, Jane Latimer, Robyn Doney, Rochelle E Watkins, Tracey W Tsang, Genevieve Hawkes, James P Fitzpatrick, June Oscar, Maureen Carter, Elizabeth J Elliott
AIM: This study aimed to determine the gross motor (GM) performance of Aboriginal children living in remote Australia. The relationship between GM skills, prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) was explored. METHODS: A population-based observation study was conducted in 2011 to assess motor performance in children living in the Fitzroy Valley, Western Australia, using the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency (BOT-2)...
August 2016: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27423302/the-effect-of-exergames-on-functional-strength-anaerobic-fitness-balance-and-agility-in-children-with-and-without-motor-coordination-difficulties-living-in-low-income-communities
#12
Bouwien C M Smits-Engelsman, L Dorothee Jelsma, Gillian D Ferguson
Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) are physically less active, preferring more sedentary behavior and are at risk of developing health problems or becoming overweight. 18 children (age 6-10years) with lower levels of motor coordination attending a primary school in a low-income community in South Africa (score on Movement Assessment Battery for Children Second edition equal to or below the 5th percentile) were selected to participate in the study and were age-matched with typically developing peers (TD)...
July 13, 2016: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27357876/fine-motor-activities-program-to-promote-fine-motor-skills-in-a-case-study-of-down-s-syndrome
#13
Suchitporn Lersilp, Supawadee Putthinoi, Kewalin Panyo
Children with Down's syndrome have developmental delays, particularly regarding cognitive and motor development. Fine motor skill problems are related to motor development. They have impact on occupational performances in school-age children with Down's syndrome because they relate to participation in school activities, such as grasping, writing, and carrying out self-care duties. This study aimed to develop a fine motor activities program and to examine the efficiency of the program that promoted fine motor skills in a case study of Down's syndrome...
2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27246648/lower-sulfurtransferase-detoxification-rates-of-cyanide-in-konzo-a-tropical-spastic-paralysis-linked-to-cassava-cyanogenic-poisoning
#14
K J Kambale, E R Ali, N H Sadiki, K P Kayembe, L G Mvumbi, D L Yandju, M J Boivin, G R Boss, D D Stadler, W E Lambert, M R Lasarev, L A Okitundu, D Mumba Ngoyi, J P Banea, D D Tshala-Katumbay
Using a matched case-control design, we sought to determine whether the odds of konzo, a distinct spastic paraparesis associated with food (cassava) cyanogenic exposure in the tropics, were associated with lower cyanide detoxification rates (CDR) and malnutrition. Children with konzo (N=122, 5-17 years of age) were age- and sex-matched with presumably healthy controls (N=87) and assessed for motor and cognition performances, cyanogenic exposure, nutritional status, and cyanide detoxification rates (CDR). Cyanogenic exposure was ascertained by thiocyanate (SCN) concentrations in plasma (P-SCN) and urine (U-SCN)...
March 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27228014/using-balance-function-to-screen-for-vestibular-impairment-in-children-with-sensorineural-hearing-loss-and-cochlear-implants
#15
Modupe Oyewumi, Nikolaus E Wolter, Elise Heon, Karen A Gordon, Blake C Papsin, Sharon L Cushing
OBJECTIVES: 1) To determine if bilateral vestibular dysfunction can be predicted by performance on standardized balance tasks in children with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) and cochlear implants (CI). 2) To provide clinical recommendations for screening for vestibular impairment in children with SNHL. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary care pediatric implant center. PATIENTS: Pediatric patients (4...
August 2016: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27045528/relationship-between-children-s-performance-based-motor-skills-and-child-parent-and-teacher-perceptions-of-children-s-motor-abilities-using-self-informant-report-questionnaires
#16
Aislinn Lalor, Ted Brown, Yuki Murdolo
BACKGROUND: Occupational therapists often assess the motor skill performance of children referred to them as part of the assessment process. AIM: This study investigated whether children's, parents' and teachers' perceptions of children's motor skills using valid and reliable self/informant-report questionnaires were associated with and predictive of children's actual motor performance, as measured by a standardised performance-based motor skill assessment. METHODS: Fifty-five typically developing children (8-12 years of age), their parents and classroom teachers were recruited to participate in the study...
April 2016: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27020315/factors-associated-with-the-development-of-motor-proficiency-in-school-children-of-kolkata-a-cross-sectional-study-to-assess-the-role-of-chronic-nutritional-and-socio-economic-status
#17
Satabdi Ghosh, Tusharkanti Ghosh, Sutanu Dutta Chowdhury, Brian H Wrotniak, Ananga Mohan Chandra
BACKGROUND: Development of coordinated movements is determined among others by individual growth and environmental factors, but the dynamic relationship between motor proficiency and potential contributing factors such as chronic nutritional status and socio-economic status (SES) is not known in school children of Kolkata. AIM: To characterize the motor proficiency in school children of Kolkata and to investigate association of chronic nutritional and SES on motor proficiency...
September 2016: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26834878/balance-functional-assessment-in-people-with-visual-impairment
#18
Izabela Rutkowska, Grzegorz Bednarczuk, Bartosz Molik, Natalia Morgulec-Adamowicz, Jolanta Marszałek, Kalina Kaźmierska-Kowalewska, Krzysztof Koc
The aims of this study were twofold: to assess the level of balance of people with visual impairment against the BOT-2 standard scores for the able-bodied, and to identify in which trials subjects had the greatest difficulties in maintaining balance with respect to the degree of vision loss and age categories. One hundred twenty-seven subjects with visual impairment aged 6-16 years, participated in the study (68 girls and 59 boys). The division for partially sighted people (61) and the blind (66) was made according to the WHO classification...
November 22, 2015: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26735589/fine-motor-skill-proficiency-in-typically-developing-children-on-or-off-the-maturation-track
#19
David Gaul, Johann Issartel
Fine motor skill proficiency is an essential component of numerous daily living activities such as dressing, feeding or playing. Poor fine motor skills can lead to difficulties in academic achievement, increased anxiety and poor self-esteem. Recent findings have shown that children's gross motor skill proficiency tends to fall below established developmental norms. A question remains: do fine motor skill proficiency levels also fall below developmental norms? The aim of this study was to examine the current level of fine motor skill in Irish children...
April 2016: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26540453/motor-impairment-among-different-psychiatric-disorders-can-patterns-be-identified
#20
Tine Van Damme, Erik Fransen, Johan Simons, Dirk van West, Bernard Sabbe
The aim of this study was to explore motor impairment in male adolescents suffering from psychiatric conditions. Taking into account the heterogeneity of a clinical population, motor profiles of distinctive diagnostic groups were evaluated. Whether or not motor ability discriminates between several diagnostic categories was investigated. The Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency, Second Edition (BOT-2) was administered to examine a detailed motor profile. The motor abilities of a clinical population (n=144) were compared to those of typically developing peers (n=87), using independent t-tests...
December 2015: Human Movement Science
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