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F McIntyre, H Parker, A Thornton, M Licari, J Piek, D Rigoli, B Hands
Currently, only two motor tests have norms extending into young adulthood - the McCarron Assessment of Neuromuscular Development (MAND, McCarron 1997) and the Bruininks Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency-2 (BOT-2, Bruininks & Bruininks, 2005). Research into the motor difficulties in early adulthood and health outcomes has been impeded because there is no agreed gold standard motor test for this group. The purposes of this study were to compare the discrimination accuracy, classification agreement, and predictive values, and gender distribution and prevalence of each test in identifying motor impairment (MI) in relation to DSM-V diagnostic criteria for DCD...
October 14, 2016: Human Movement Science
Nikolaus E Wolter, Sharon L Cushing, Luis D Vilchez Madrigal, Adrian L James, Jennifer Campos, Blake C Papsin, Karen A Gordon
OBJECTIVE: To determine if children with unilateral sensorineural hearing loss (UHL) demonstrate impaired balance compared with their normal hearing (NH) peers. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, case-control study. METHODS: Balance was assessed in14 UHL and 14 NH children using the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test-2 (BOT-2) and time to fall (TTF) in an immersive, virtual-reality laboratory. Postural control was quantified by center of pressure (COP) using force plates...
September 30, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
Sutanu Dutta Chowdhury, Brian H Wrotniak, Tusharkanti Ghosh
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between body mass index and motor competence in Santal children 5-12 years old. A total of 816 Santal children were studied. Children's adiposity status was assessed by body mass index (BMI) for age z-score based on World Health Organization reference data. Motor competence was measured using the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Competence (BOT-2). There was no significant difference in mean BMI z-score between Santal boys (0.13 ± 0.07) and girls (-0...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Motor Behavior
Barbara R Lucas, Jane Latimer, Robyn Doney, Rochelle E Watkins, Tracey W Tsang, Genevieve Hawkes, James P Fitzpatrick, June Oscar, Maureen Carter, Elizabeth J Elliott
AIM: This study aimed to determine the gross motor (GM) performance of Aboriginal children living in remote Australia. The relationship between GM skills, prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) was explored. METHODS: A population-based observation study was conducted in 2011 to assess motor performance in children living in the Fitzroy Valley, Western Australia, using the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency (BOT-2)...
August 2016: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Bouwien C M Smits-Engelsman, L Dorothee Jelsma, Gillian D Ferguson
Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) are physically less active, preferring more sedentary behavior and are at risk of developing health problems or becoming overweight. 18 children (age 6-10years) with lower levels of motor coordination attending a primary school in a low-income community in South Africa (score on Movement Assessment Battery for Children Second edition equal to or below the 5th percentile) were selected to participate in the study and were age-matched with typically developing peers (TD)...
July 13, 2016: Human Movement Science
Suchitporn Lersilp, Supawadee Putthinoi, Kewalin Panyo
Children with Down's syndrome have developmental delays, particularly regarding cognitive and motor development. Fine motor skill problems are related to motor development. They have impact on occupational performances in school-age children with Down's syndrome because they relate to participation in school activities, such as grasping, writing, and carrying out self-care duties. This study aimed to develop a fine motor activities program and to examine the efficiency of the program that promoted fine motor skills in a case study of Down's syndrome...
2016: Global Journal of Health Science
K J Kambale, E R Ali, N H Sadiki, K P Kayembe, L G Mvumbi, D L Yandju, M J Boivin, G R Boss, D D Stadler, W E Lambert, M R Lasarev, L A Okitundu, D Mumba Ngoyi, J P Banea, D D Tshala-Katumbay
Using a matched case-control design, we sought to determine whether the odds of konzo, a distinct spastic paraparesis associated with food (cassava) cyanogenic exposure in the tropics, were associated with lower cyanide detoxification rates (CDR) and malnutrition. Children with konzo (N=122, 5-17 years of age) were age- and sex-matched with presumably healthy controls (N=87) and assessed for motor and cognition performances, cyanogenic exposure, nutritional status, and cyanide detoxification rates (CDR). Cyanogenic exposure was ascertained by thiocyanate (SCN) concentrations in plasma (P-SCN) and urine (U-SCN)...
May 28, 2016: Neurotoxicology
Modupe Oyewumi, Nikolaus E Wolter, Elise Heon, Karen A Gordon, Blake C Papsin, Sharon L Cushing
OBJECTIVES: 1) To determine if bilateral vestibular dysfunction can be predicted by performance on standardized balance tasks in children with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) and cochlear implants (CI). 2) To provide clinical recommendations for screening for vestibular impairment in children with SNHL. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary care pediatric implant center. PATIENTS: Pediatric patients (4...
August 2016: Otology & Neurotology
Aislinn Lalor, Ted Brown, Yuki Murdolo
BACKGROUND: Occupational therapists often assess the motor skill performance of children referred to them as part of the assessment process. AIM: This study investigated whether children's, parents' and teachers' perceptions of children's motor skills using valid and reliable self/informant-report questionnaires were associated with and predictive of children's actual motor performance, as measured by a standardised performance-based motor skill assessment. METHODS: Fifty-five typically developing children (8-12 years of age), their parents and classroom teachers were recruited to participate in the study...
April 2016: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Satabdi Ghosh, Tusharkanti Ghosh, Sutanu Dutta Chowdhury, Brian H Wrotniak, Ananga Mohan Chandra
BACKGROUND: Development of coordinated movements is determined among others by individual growth and environmental factors, but the dynamic relationship between motor proficiency and potential contributing factors such as chronic nutritional status and socio-economic status (SES) is not known in school children of Kolkata. AIM: To characterize the motor proficiency in school children of Kolkata and to investigate association of chronic nutritional and SES on motor proficiency...
September 2016: Developmental Psychobiology
Izabela Rutkowska, Grzegorz Bednarczuk, Bartosz Molik, Natalia Morgulec-Adamowicz, Jolanta Marszałek, Kalina Kaźmierska-Kowalewska, Krzysztof Koc
The aims of this study were twofold: to assess the level of balance of people with visual impairment against the BOT-2 standard scores for the able-bodied, and to identify in which trials subjects had the greatest difficulties in maintaining balance with respect to the degree of vision loss and age categories. One hundred twenty-seven subjects with visual impairment aged 6-16 years, participated in the study (68 girls and 59 boys). The division for partially sighted people (61) and the blind (66) was made according to the WHO classification...
November 22, 2015: Journal of Human Kinetics
David Gaul, Johann Issartel
Fine motor skill proficiency is an essential component of numerous daily living activities such as dressing, feeding or playing. Poor fine motor skills can lead to difficulties in academic achievement, increased anxiety and poor self-esteem. Recent findings have shown that children's gross motor skill proficiency tends to fall below established developmental norms. A question remains: do fine motor skill proficiency levels also fall below developmental norms? The aim of this study was to examine the current level of fine motor skill in Irish children...
April 2016: Human Movement Science
Tine Van Damme, Erik Fransen, Johan Simons, Dirk van West, Bernard Sabbe
The aim of this study was to explore motor impairment in male adolescents suffering from psychiatric conditions. Taking into account the heterogeneity of a clinical population, motor profiles of distinctive diagnostic groups were evaluated. Whether or not motor ability discriminates between several diagnostic categories was investigated. The Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency, Second Edition (BOT-2) was administered to examine a detailed motor profile. The motor abilities of a clinical population (n=144) were compared to those of typically developing peers (n=87), using independent t-tests...
December 2015: Human Movement Science
Yuping Chen, Sergio Garcia-Vergara, Ayanna M Howard
Objective. The purpose of this pilot study was to determine whether Super Pop VR, a low-cost virtual reality (VR) system, was a feasible system for documenting improvement in children with cerebral palsy (CP) and whether a home-based VR intervention was effective. Methods. Three children with CP participated in this study and received an 8-week VR intervention (30 minutes × 5 sessions/week) using the commercial EyeToy Play VR system. Reaching kinematics measured by Super Pop VR and two fine motor tools (Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency second edition, BOT-2, and Pediatric Motor Activity Log, PMAL) were tested before, mid, and after intervention...
2015: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
Camiel L M de Roij van Zuijdewijn, Romy Hansildaar, Michiel L Bots, Peter J Blankestijn, Marinus A van den Dorpel, Muriel P C Grooteman, Otto Kamp, Piet M ter Wee, Menso J Nubé
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Both all-cause and cardiovascular mortality risks are extremely high in patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). Sudden death accounts for approximately one-quarter of all fatal events. Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is a known risk factor for mortality and can be divided in 2 types: concentric and eccentric. This study evaluated possible differences in all-cause mortality, cardiovascular mortality and sudden death between prevalent ESKD patients with concentric and eccentric LVH...
2015: American Journal of Nephrology
Ahmed El-Balat, Ruza Arsenic, Nicole Sänger, Thomas Karn, Sven Becker, Uwe Holtrich, Knut Engels
AIMS: To evaluate the actin-bundling protein fascin-1 (FSCN1) as marker for borderline ovarian tumours (BOTs). METHODS: We analysed a retrospective cohort of 140 BOTs with validated diagnosis by an independent pathologist. Immunohistochemical detection of FSCN1 was quantified as combined immunoreactive score (CIS) blinded to clinical patient data. Analyses were first performed for FSCN1 positive versus negative, and then verified using three categories derived from the observed distribution (negative, weak, strong; CIS 0, 1-2, 3-9)...
February 2016: Journal of Clinical Pathology
Pelin Kocdor, Eric R Siegel, Ozlem E Tulunay-Ugur
OBJECTIVES: Cricopharyngeal dysfunction may lead to severe dysphagia and aspiration. The objective of this systematic review was to evaluate the existing studies on the effectiveness of myotomy, dilatation, and botulinum toxin (BoT) injection in the management of cricopharyngeal dysphagia. METHODS: PubMed and Web of Science databases were searched to identify eligible studies by using the terms "cricopharyngeal dysfunction," "cricopharyngeal myotomy," "cricopharyngeal botox," "cricopharyngeal dilation," and their combinations from 1990 to 2013...
January 2016: Laryngoscope
Wen Xu, Liling Qiu, Sihui Luo, Ming Li, Jianping Weng, Xiaohui Guo, Linong Ji
BACKGROUND: Timely initiation and titration of basal insulin added on to oral anti-diabetic drugs contribute to better glycemic control. However, implementation of basal-supported oral therapy in China is not yet clear. This nationwide, prospective, 12-week observational study was designed to explore the current status of basal-supported oral therapy in patients with type 2 diabetes in China. METHODS: Type 2 diabetic patients with inadequate glycemic control on anti-diabetic drugs who were to start basal-supported oral therapy with insulin glargine at outpatient clinics were enrolled from 134 hospitals in China...
November 2015: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
Esther de Beus, Michiel L Bots, Arjan D van Zuilen, Jack F M Wetzels, Peter J Blankestijn
New options recently became available for treatment of uncontrolled blood pressure. Information on the prevalence of therapy-resistant hypertension (TRH) in patients with chronic kidney disease and its consequences is relevant to balance risks and benefits of potential new therapies. Data of 788 patients with chronic kidney disease came from a multicenter study investigating the effect on outcome of an integrated multifactorial approach delivered by nurse practitioners added to usual care versus usual care alone...
November 2015: Hypertension
Pim A D van Dijk, Arjan G J Bot, Valentin Neuhaus, Mariano E Menendez, Mark S Vrahas, David Ring
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the effect of preinjury residence on inpatient mortality following hip fracture. This study addressed whether (1) admission from a nursing home residence and (2) admission from another hospital were associated with higher inpatient mortality after a hip fracture. METHODS: Using the National Hospital Discharge Survey database, we analyzed an estimated 2 124 388 hip fractures discharges, from 2001 to 2007. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to identify whether admission from a nursing home and admission from another hospital were independent risk factors for inpatient mortality...
September 2015: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
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