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Stanley H Hung, Anne Rankin, Naznin Virji-Babul, Sheila Pritchard, Christopher Fryer, Kristin L Campbell
Purpose: This cross-sectional, observational study investigated whether physical activity (PA) levels are associated with motor performance and physical function in children after treatment for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Method: Participants aged 8-13 years who had completed treatment for ALL (3-36 months post-treatment) were tested at their oncology long-term follow-up appointment at the British Columbia Children's Hospital. PA level was measured using the Physical Activity Questionnaire for Older Children (PAQ-C)...
2017: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
Chee Geap Tay, Vanessa Wan Mun Lee, Lai Choo Ong, Khean Jin Goh, Hany Ariffin, Choong Yi Fong
BACKGROUND: Vincristine, an essential component of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) therapeutic protocols, is associated with dose-dependent neurotoxicity, but its long-term morbidity in treated children has not been clearly elucidated. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of vincristine-induced peripheral neuropathy (VIPN) among Malaysian childhood ALL survivors and its impact on motor function and quality of life. PROCEDURE: Survivors of childhood ALL aged 4-18 years who had completed chemotherapy for 2 years or more were evaluated for VIPN using both the clinical Total Neuropathy Score (cTNS) and nerve conduction studies...
January 31, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Hasan Kordi, Mehdi Sohrabi, Alireza Saberi Kakhki, Seyed R Attarzadeh Hossini
INTRODUCTION: Balance is one of the main problems of children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD). According to process-oriented approach, besides strength training, neuromuscular adaptations can improve balance. OBJETIVE: To evaluate the effects of strength training on improving static and dynamic balance in DCD children. METHODS AND POPULATION: Children between 7 to 9 years old in Tehran participated in the study through randomized controlled trial design...
December 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Sabine Vinçon, Dido Green, Rainer Blank, Ekkehart Jenetzky
The diagnosis of Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) is based on poor motor coordination in the absence of other neurological disorders. In order to identify the presence of movement difficulties, a standardised motor assessment is recommended to determine the extent of movement problems which may contribute to deficits in daily task performance. A German version of the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency, Second Edition (German BOT-2) was recently published. This study aimed to determine the ecological validity of the German BOT-2 by considering the relationship between assessment of fundamental motor skills with the BOT-2 and performance of everyday motor activities as evaluated by parents...
November 7, 2016: Human Movement Science
F McIntyre, H Parker, A Thornton, M Licari, J Piek, D Rigoli, B Hands
Currently, only two motor tests have norms extending into young adulthood - the McCarron Assessment of Neuromuscular Development (MAND, McCarron 1997) and the Bruininks Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency-2 (BOT-2, Bruininks & Bruininks, 2005). Research into the motor difficulties in early adulthood and health outcomes has been impeded because there is no agreed gold standard motor test for this group. The purposes of this study were to compare the discrimination accuracy, classification agreement, and predictive values, and gender distribution and prevalence of each test in identifying motor impairment (MI) in relation to DSM-V diagnostic criteria for DCD...
October 14, 2016: Human Movement Science
Nikolaus E Wolter, Sharon L Cushing, Luis D Vilchez Madrigal, Adrian L James, Jennifer Campos, Blake C Papsin, Karen A Gordon
OBJECTIVE: To determine if children with unilateral sensorineural hearing loss (UHL) demonstrate impaired balance compared with their normal hearing (NH) peers. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, case-control study. METHODS: Balance was assessed in14 UHL and 14 NH children using the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test-2 (BOT-2) and time to fall (TTF) in an immersive, virtual-reality laboratory. Postural control was quantified by center of pressure (COP) using force plates...
December 2016: Otology & Neurotology
Sutanu Dutta Chowdhury, Brian H Wrotniak, Tusharkanti Ghosh
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between body mass index and motor competence in Santal children 5-12 years old. A total of 816 Santal children were studied. Children's adiposity status was assessed by body mass index (BMI) for age z-score based on World Health Organization reference data. Motor competence was measured using the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Competence (BOT-2). There was no significant difference in mean BMI z-score between Santal boys (0.13 ± 0.07) and girls (-0...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Motor Behavior
Barbara R Lucas, Jane Latimer, Robyn Doney, Rochelle E Watkins, Tracey W Tsang, Genevieve Hawkes, James P Fitzpatrick, June Oscar, Maureen Carter, Elizabeth J Elliott
AIM: This study aimed to determine the gross motor (GM) performance of Aboriginal children living in remote Australia. The relationship between GM skills, prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) was explored. METHODS: A population-based observation study was conducted in 2011 to assess motor performance in children living in the Fitzroy Valley, Western Australia, using the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency (BOT-2)...
August 2016: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Bouwien C M Smits-Engelsman, L Dorothee Jelsma, Gillian D Ferguson
Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) are physically less active, preferring more sedentary behavior and are at risk of developing health problems or becoming overweight. 18 children (age 6-10years) with lower levels of motor coordination attending a primary school in a low-income community in South Africa (score on Movement Assessment Battery for Children Second edition equal to or below the 5th percentile) were selected to participate in the study and were age-matched with typically developing peers (TD)...
July 13, 2016: Human Movement Science
Suchitporn Lersilp, Supawadee Putthinoi, Kewalin Panyo
Children with Down's syndrome have developmental delays, particularly regarding cognitive and motor development. Fine motor skill problems are related to motor development. They have impact on occupational performances in school-age children with Down's syndrome because they relate to participation in school activities, such as grasping, writing, and carrying out self-care duties. This study aimed to develop a fine motor activities program and to examine the efficiency of the program that promoted fine motor skills in a case study of Down's syndrome...
2016: Global Journal of Health Science
K J Kambale, E R Ali, N H Sadiki, K P Kayembe, L G Mvumbi, D L Yandju, M J Boivin, G R Boss, D D Stadler, W E Lambert, M R Lasarev, L A Okitundu, D Mumba Ngoyi, J P Banea, D D Tshala-Katumbay
Using a matched case-control design, we sought to determine whether the odds of konzo, a distinct spastic paraparesis associated with food (cassava) cyanogenic exposure in the tropics, were associated with lower cyanide detoxification rates (CDR) and malnutrition. Children with konzo (N=122, 5-17 years of age) were age- and sex-matched with presumably healthy controls (N=87) and assessed for motor and cognition performances, cyanogenic exposure, nutritional status, and cyanide detoxification rates (CDR). Cyanogenic exposure was ascertained by thiocyanate (SCN) concentrations in plasma (P-SCN) and urine (U-SCN)...
May 28, 2016: Neurotoxicology
Modupe Oyewumi, Nikolaus E Wolter, Elise Heon, Karen A Gordon, Blake C Papsin, Sharon L Cushing
OBJECTIVES: 1) To determine if bilateral vestibular dysfunction can be predicted by performance on standardized balance tasks in children with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) and cochlear implants (CI). 2) To provide clinical recommendations for screening for vestibular impairment in children with SNHL. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary care pediatric implant center. PATIENTS: Pediatric patients (4...
August 2016: Otology & Neurotology
Aislinn Lalor, Ted Brown, Yuki Murdolo
BACKGROUND: Occupational therapists often assess the motor skill performance of children referred to them as part of the assessment process. AIM: This study investigated whether children's, parents' and teachers' perceptions of children's motor skills using valid and reliable self/informant-report questionnaires were associated with and predictive of children's actual motor performance, as measured by a standardised performance-based motor skill assessment. METHODS: Fifty-five typically developing children (8-12 years of age), their parents and classroom teachers were recruited to participate in the study...
April 2016: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Satabdi Ghosh, Tusharkanti Ghosh, Sutanu Dutta Chowdhury, Brian H Wrotniak, Ananga Mohan Chandra
BACKGROUND: Development of coordinated movements is determined among others by individual growth and environmental factors, but the dynamic relationship between motor proficiency and potential contributing factors such as chronic nutritional status and socio-economic status (SES) is not known in school children of Kolkata. AIM: To characterize the motor proficiency in school children of Kolkata and to investigate association of chronic nutritional and SES on motor proficiency...
September 2016: Developmental Psychobiology
Izabela Rutkowska, Grzegorz Bednarczuk, Bartosz Molik, Natalia Morgulec-Adamowicz, Jolanta Marszałek, Kalina Kaźmierska-Kowalewska, Krzysztof Koc
The aims of this study were twofold: to assess the level of balance of people with visual impairment against the BOT-2 standard scores for the able-bodied, and to identify in which trials subjects had the greatest difficulties in maintaining balance with respect to the degree of vision loss and age categories. One hundred twenty-seven subjects with visual impairment aged 6-16 years, participated in the study (68 girls and 59 boys). The division for partially sighted people (61) and the blind (66) was made according to the WHO classification...
November 22, 2015: Journal of Human Kinetics
David Gaul, Johann Issartel
Fine motor skill proficiency is an essential component of numerous daily living activities such as dressing, feeding or playing. Poor fine motor skills can lead to difficulties in academic achievement, increased anxiety and poor self-esteem. Recent findings have shown that children's gross motor skill proficiency tends to fall below established developmental norms. A question remains: do fine motor skill proficiency levels also fall below developmental norms? The aim of this study was to examine the current level of fine motor skill in Irish children...
April 2016: Human Movement Science
Tine Van Damme, Erik Fransen, Johan Simons, Dirk van West, Bernard Sabbe
The aim of this study was to explore motor impairment in male adolescents suffering from psychiatric conditions. Taking into account the heterogeneity of a clinical population, motor profiles of distinctive diagnostic groups were evaluated. Whether or not motor ability discriminates between several diagnostic categories was investigated. The Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency, Second Edition (BOT-2) was administered to examine a detailed motor profile. The motor abilities of a clinical population (n=144) were compared to those of typically developing peers (n=87), using independent t-tests...
December 2015: Human Movement Science
Yuping Chen, Sergio Garcia-Vergara, Ayanna M Howard
Objective. The purpose of this pilot study was to determine whether Super Pop VR, a low-cost virtual reality (VR) system, was a feasible system for documenting improvement in children with cerebral palsy (CP) and whether a home-based VR intervention was effective. Methods. Three children with CP participated in this study and received an 8-week VR intervention (30 minutes × 5 sessions/week) using the commercial EyeToy Play VR system. Reaching kinematics measured by Super Pop VR and two fine motor tools (Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency second edition, BOT-2, and Pediatric Motor Activity Log, PMAL) were tested before, mid, and after intervention...
2015: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
Camiel L M de Roij van Zuijdewijn, Romy Hansildaar, Michiel L Bots, Peter J Blankestijn, Marinus A van den Dorpel, Muriel P C Grooteman, Otto Kamp, Piet M ter Wee, Menso J Nubé
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Both all-cause and cardiovascular mortality risks are extremely high in patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). Sudden death accounts for approximately one-quarter of all fatal events. Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is a known risk factor for mortality and can be divided in 2 types: concentric and eccentric. This study evaluated possible differences in all-cause mortality, cardiovascular mortality and sudden death between prevalent ESKD patients with concentric and eccentric LVH...
2015: American Journal of Nephrology
Ahmed El-Balat, Ruza Arsenic, Nicole Sänger, Thomas Karn, Sven Becker, Uwe Holtrich, Knut Engels
AIMS: To evaluate the actin-bundling protein fascin-1 (FSCN1) as marker for borderline ovarian tumours (BOTs). METHODS: We analysed a retrospective cohort of 140 BOTs with validated diagnosis by an independent pathologist. Immunohistochemical detection of FSCN1 was quantified as combined immunoreactive score (CIS) blinded to clinical patient data. Analyses were first performed for FSCN1 positive versus negative, and then verified using three categories derived from the observed distribution (negative, weak, strong; CIS 0, 1-2, 3-9)...
February 2016: Journal of Clinical Pathology
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