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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741863/development-of-quality-metrics-for-ambulatory-pediatric-cardiology-infection-prevention
#1
Jonathan N Johnson, Cindy S Barrett, Wayne H Franklin, Eric M Graham, Nancy J Halnon, Brandy A Hattendorf, Catherine D Krawczeski, James J McGovern, Matthew J O'Connor, Amy H Schultz, Jeffrey M Vinocur, Devyani Chowdhury, Jeffrey B Anderson
INTRODUCTION: In 2012, the American College of Cardiology's (ACC) Adult Congenital and Pediatric Cardiology Council established a program to develop quality metrics to guide ambulatory practices for pediatric cardiology. The council chose five areas on which to focus their efforts; chest pain, Kawasaki Disease, tetralogy of Fallot, transposition of the great arteries after arterial switch, and infection prevention. Here, we sought to describe the process, evaluation, and results of the Infection Prevention Committee's metric design process...
July 25, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737748/inflammation-free-gas-permeable-lightweight-stretchable-on-skin-electronics-with-nanomeshes
#2
Akihito Miyamoto, Sungwon Lee, Nawalage Florence Cooray, Sunghoon Lee, Mami Mori, Naoji Matsuhisa, Hanbit Jin, Leona Yoda, Tomoyuki Yokota, Akira Itoh, Masaki Sekino, Hiroshi Kawasaki, Tamotsu Ebihara, Masayuki Amagai, Takao Someya
Thin-film electronic devices can be integrated with skin for health monitoring and/or for interfacing with machines. Minimal invasiveness is highly desirable when applying wearable electronics directly onto human skin. However, manufacturing such on-skin electronics on planar substrates results in limited gas permeability. Therefore, it is necessary to systematically investigate their long-term physiological and psychological effects. As a demonstration of substrate-free electronics, here we show the successful fabrication of inflammation-free, highly gas-permeable, ultrathin, lightweight and stretchable sensors that can be directly laminated onto human skin for long periods of time, realized with a conductive nanomesh structure...
July 17, 2017: Nature Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734587/computed-tomography-predict-regression-of-coronary-artery-aneurysm-in-patients-with-kawasaki-disease
#3
Po-Ting Chen, Ming-Tai Lin, Yih-Sharng Chen, Shyh-Jye Chen, Mei-Hwan Wu
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The study evaluated possible factors influencing the regression of coronary artery aneurysm (CAA) in patients with Kawasaki disease (KD) through electrocardiographically gated cardiac computed tomography (CT). METHODS: 18 patients with KD exhibited CAAs in at least 2 CT examinations conducted from December 2004 to September 2015, and 37 aneurysms were observed. Every aneurysm was corrected through the descending aorta at the origin level of the left main coronary artery under a normal distribution and measured under a fixed window level...
July 19, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732301/a-case-of-multiple-inflammatory-hepatic-pseudotumor-protruding-from-the-liver-surface-after-colonic-cancer
#4
Toshikatsu Nitta, Jun Kataoka, Yoshihiro Inoue, Kensuke Fujii, Masahito Ohta, Hiroshi Kawasaki, Atsushi Takeshita, Takashi Ishibashi
INTRODUCTION: Inflammatory hepatic pseudotumor (IHPT) is an important benign liver disease because it is difficult to clinically and radiologically distinguish from malignant tumors. PRESENTATION OF CASE: Here, we describe a case of a 67-year-old male patient diagnosed with multiple inflammatory hepatic pseudotumors. The patient had undergone left hemicolectomy for descending colonic cancer (T3 N0 M0 stage IIA) 2 years prior. He underwent segment 6 and segment 7 partial hepatectomy because of suspected liver metastasis...
June 8, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731737/robust-single-shot-spin-measurement-with-99-5-fidelity-in-a-quantum-dot-array
#5
Takashi Nakajima, Matthieu R Delbecq, Tomohiro Otsuka, Peter Stano, Shinichi Amaha, Jun Yoneda, Akito Noiri, Kento Kawasaki, Kenta Takeda, Giles Allison, Arne Ludwig, Andreas D Wieck, Daniel Loss, Seigo Tarucha
We demonstrate a new method for projective single-shot measurement of two electron spin states (singlet versus triplet) in an array of gate-defined lateral quantum dots in GaAs. The measurement has very high fidelity and is robust with respect to electric and magnetic fluctuations in the environment. It exploits a long-lived metastable charge state, which increases both the contrast and the duration of the charge signal distinguishing the two measurement outcomes. This method allows us to evaluate the charge measurement error and the spin-to-charge conversion error separately...
July 7, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731731/current-driven-instability-of-the-quantum-anomalous-hall-effect-in-ferromagnetic-topological-insulators
#6
Minoru Kawamura, Ryutaro Yoshimi, Atsushi Tsukazaki, Kei S Takahashi, Masashi Kawasaki, Yoshinori Tokura
The instability of the quantum anomalous Hall (QAH) effect has been studied as a function of the electric current and temperature in ferromagnetic topological insulator thin films. We find that a characteristic current for the breakdown of the QAH effect is roughly proportional to the Hall-bar width, indicating that the Hall electric field is relevant to the breakdown. We also find that electron transport is dominated by variable range hopping (VRH) at low temperatures. Combining the current and temperature dependences of the conductivity in the VRH regime, the localization length of the QAH state is evaluated to be about 5  μm...
July 7, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731673/-kawasaki-disease-interdisciplinary-and-intersocieties-consensus-clinical-guidelines-brief-version
#7
(no author information available yet)
Kawasaki disease is an acute self-limiting systemic vasculitis. It is the most common cause of acquired heart disease, with the risk of developing coronary artery aneurysms, myocardial infarction and sudden death. Diagnosis is based on the presence of fever in addition to other clinical criteria. The quarter of the Kawasaki disease patients have "incomplete" presentation. Treatment with intravenous immunoglobulin within ten days of fever onset improves clinical outcomes and reduces the incidence of coronary artery dilation to less than 5%...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730667/role-of-plasma-exchange-leukocytapheresis-and-plasma-diafiltration-in-management-of-refractory-macrophage-activation-syndrome
#8
Noriko Kinjo, Kazuya Hamada, Chika Hirayama, Masaki Shimizu
Macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) is a life-threating complication of systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (s-JIA). Steroid and cyclosporine (CsA) are effective for MAS, but, treatment for steroid- and CsA-resistant patients is still challenging. We report the case of steroid and CsA resistant s-JIA associated MAS misdiagnosed as Kawasaki disease (KD), who was successfully treated with the combination of plasma exchange (PE) and leukocytapheresis (LCAP) followed by plasma diafiltration (PDF). PE + LCAP effectively removed proinflammatory cytokines and reduced the number of peripheral white blood cells...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Apheresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729906/update-on-pediatric-sepsis-a-review
#9
REVIEW
Tatsuya Kawasaki
BACKGROUND: Sepsis is one of the leading causes of mortality among children worldwide. Unfortunately, however, reliable evidence was insufficient in pediatric sepsis and many aspects in clinical practice actually depend on expert consensus and some evidence in adult sepsis. More recent findings have given us deep insights into pediatric sepsis since the publication of the Surviving Sepsis Campaign guidelines 2012. MAIN TEXT: New knowledge was added regarding the hemodynamic management and the timely use of antimicrobials...
2017: Journal of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729622/three-dimensional-visualization-of-intrauterine-conceptus-through-the-uterine-wall-by-tissue-clearing-method
#10
Kyosuke Kagami, Yohei Shinmyo, Masanori Ono, Hiroshi Kawasaki, Hiroshi Fujiwara
Visualization of specific cells in the three-dimensional organ architecture is one of the key steps to develop our knowledge about pathophysiological mechanisms in various organs. In this study, we successfully obtained stereoscopic whole images of the intrauterine murine embryo and placenta through the uterus using a modified tissue clearing CUBIC method. By this procedure, we can recognize the three-dimensional relationships among various tissues within the pregnant uterus and analyze free-angle images of cross-sections with single-cell resolution using a computer system...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728263/-identification-of-mutations-associated-with-coronary-artery-lesion-susceptibility-in-kawasaki-disease-by-targeted-enrichment-of-genomic-region-sequencing-technique
#11
D Y Zhu, S R Song, L J Xie, F Qiu, J Yang, T T Xiao, M Huang
Objective: To screen and identify the mutations in Kawasaki disease by targeted enrichment of genomic region sequencing technique and investigate susceptibility genes associated with coronary artery lesion. Method: This was a case-control study.A total of 114 patients diagnosed as Kawasaki disease treated in Shanghai Children's Hospital between December 2015 and November 2016 were studied and another 45 healthy children who were physically examined in outpatient department were enrolled as control group. Patients were divided into two groups based on the results of echocardiogram...
July 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726618/global-spread-of-norovirus-gii-17-kawasaki-308-2014-2016
#12
Martin C W Chan, Yunwen Hu, Haili Chen, Alexander T Podkolzin, Ekaterina V Zaytseva, Jun Komano, Naomi Sakon, Yong Poovorawan, Sompong Vongpunsawad, Thanundorn Thanusuwannasak, Joanne Hewitt, Dawn Croucher, Nikail Collins, Jan Vinjé, Xiaoli L Pang, Bonita E Lee, Miranda de Graaf, Janko van Beek, Harry Vennema, Marion P G Koopmans, Sandra Niendorf, Mateja Poljsak-Prijatelj, Andrej Steyer, Peter A White, Jennifer H Lun, Janet Mans, Tin-Nok Hung, Kirsty Kwok, Kelton Cheung, Nelson Lee, Paul K S Chan
Analysis of complete capsid sequences of the emerging norovirus GII.17 Kawasaki 308 from 13 countries demonstrated that they originated from a single haplotype since the initial emergence in China in late 2014. Global spread of a sublineage SL2 was identified. A new sublineage SL3 emerged in China in 2016.
August 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723797/correlation-between-elevated-platelet-count-and-immunoglobulin-levels-in-the-early-convalescent-stage-of-kawasaki-disease
#13
Ji-Whan Han, Jin-Hee Oh, Jung-Woo Rhim, Kyung-Yil Lee
Kawasaki disease (KD) may be an acute systemic immune-mediated disease which occurs after infection of unknown KD pathogen(s). The aim of this study is to evaluate the changes in platelet count and immunoglobulin (Ig) levels (IgG, IgM, IgA, and IgE) during hospitalization.Forty-three patients with complete KD who received intravenous Ig at 2 g/kg were enrolled in South Korea. The platelet count and Ig levels of the patients were examined twice at presentation and around discharge (mean 6.2 ± 2.4 days apart) and the relationships between platelet level and Ig levels were evaluated...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722337/validation-of-brain-derived-signals-in-near-infrared-spectroscopy-through-multivoxel-analysis-of-concurrent-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#14
Yoshiya Moriguchi, Takamasa Noda, Kosei Nakayashiki, Yohei Takata, Shiori Setoyama, Shingo Kawasaki, Yoshihiko Kunisato, Kazuo Mishima, Kazuyuki Nakagome, Takashi Hanakawa
Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is a convenient and safe brain-mapping tool. However, its inevitable confounding with hemodynamic responses outside the brain, especially in the frontotemporal head, has questioned its validity. Some researchers attempted to validate NIRS signals through concurrent measurements with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), but, counterintuitively, NIRS signals rarely correlate with local fMRI signals in NIRS channels, although both mapping techniques should measure the same hemoglobin concentration...
July 19, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722294/clinical-outcomes-of-balloon-angioplasty-alone-versus-nitinol-stent-implantation-in-patients-with-small-femoropopliteal-artery-disease-observations-from-the-retrospective-multicenter-analysis-for-femoropopliteal-stenting-real-fp
#15
Norihiko Kamioka, Yoshimitsu Soga, Shoichi Kuramitsu, Osamu Iida, Keisuke Hirano, Kenji Suzuki, Daizo Kawasaki, Terutoshi Yamaoka, Nobuhiro Suematsu, Yoshiaki Shintani, Yusuke Miyashita, Hiroki Takahashi, Taketsugu Tsuchiya, Norihiko Shinozaki, Shinya Okazaki, Kenji Ando
OBJECTIVES: We sought to assess whether balloon angioplasty (BA) alone for small femoropopliteal disease improved the outcome following endovascular therapy as compared with stent implantation. BACKGROUND: The optimal strategy of endovascular therapy for small vessel arteries in femoropopliteal disease remains unclear. METHODS: We performed a multicenter retrospective analysis of 337 consecutive patients (371 limbs) with femoropopliteal arteries 4...
July 19, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720342/severe-hypoglycaemia-is-a-major-predictor-of-incident-diabetic-retinopathy-in-japanese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#16
S Tanaka, R Kawasaki, S Tanaka-Mizuno, S Iimuro, S Matsunaga, T Moriya, S Ishibashi, S Katayama, Y Ohashi, Y Akanuma, H Sone, H Yamashita
AIM: Hypoglycaemia is a common complication in diabetes patients. However, its relationship with retinopathy has not been well documented in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). This study aimed to investigate the associations between hypoglycaemia and the incidence and progression of diabetic retinopathy (DR). METHODS: In this longitudinal cohort study, which was part of the Japan Diabetes Complications Study (JDCS), adult patients with T2D were recruited at 59 diabetes clinics across Japan...
July 15, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718879/streptococcal-induced-kawasaki-disease-of-the-psoriasiform-phenotype-in-a-young-adult
#17
Corey Georgesen, Karim Ladak, Joanna Harp, Cynthia Magro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718364/evaluation-of-epigenetic-inactivation-of-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-receptors-in-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#18
Yuki Misawa, Kiyoshi Misawa, Hideya Kawasaki, Atsushi Imai, Daiki Mochizuki, Ryuji Ishikawa, Shiori Endo, Masato Mima, Takeharu Kanazawa, Toshihide Iwashita, Hiroyuki Mineta
The aim of this study was to determine the methylation status of the genes encoding the vascular endothelial growth factor receptors and to evaluate the usefulness of VEGFR methylation as a prognostic indicator in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. VEGFR messenger RNA expression and promoter methylation were examined in a panel of cell lines via quantitative reverse transcription and methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction, respectively. Promoter methylation was compared with clinical characteristics in 128 head and neck squamous cell carcinoma samples...
July 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713428/clinically-apparent-arterial-thrombosis-in-persons-with-systemic-vasculitis
#19
Alexander Tsoukas, Sasha Bernatsky, Lawrence Joseph, David L Buckeridge, Patrick Bélisle, Christian A Pineau
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence rate of clinically apparent arterial thrombotic events and associated comorbidities in patients with primary systemic vasculitis. METHODS: Using large cohort administrative data from Quebec, Canada, we identified patients with vasculitis, including polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) and granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA). Incident acute myocardial infarctions (AMIs) and cerebrovascular accidents (CVAs) after the diagnosis of vasculitis were ascertained in the PAN and GPA group via billing and hospitalization data...
2017: International Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709219/erratum-relationship-between-bond-breakage-correlations-and-four-point-correlations-in-heterogeneous-glassy-dynamics-configuration-changes-and-vibration-modes-phys-rev-e-86-041504-2012
#20
Hayato Shiba, Takeshi Kawasaki, Akira Onuki
This corrects the article DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.86.041504.
June 2017: Physical Review. E
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