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children's vision

Md Habibur Rahman, Md Abdul Qader, Syed Saimul Haque, Md Abdullah Al Mamun, Golam Muin Uddin
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a rare clinical and radiological phenomenon is encountered in children compared to adults. In our center, a 5-yearold boy with steroid-dependent nephrotic syndrome (SDNS) presented with headache and blurring of vision during relapse after a long course of immunosuppressive therapy. Evaluation by computed tomography scan of the brain showed that the child had hypodense areas throughout the occipital region of the brain. All signs of PRES, except papilledema, resolved after seven days of supportive treatment evidenced by subsequent radiological evaluation...
September 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
Cailey Simmons, James M Noble, Ellyn Leighton-Herrmann, Mindy F Hecht, Olajide Williams
BACKGROUND: Community-level determinants of stroke knowledge among children are unknown but could meaningfully impact public stroke education campaigns. We explored for associations between community- and school-level quality measures relative to baseline stroke knowledge among children participating in the Hip Hop Stroke program. METHODS: Baseline stroke knowledge assessments were performed in 2839 fourth-, fifth-, and sixth-grade students (ages 9-11 years) from November 2005 to April 2014...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Nikolaus E Wolter, Sharon L Cushing, Luis D Vilchez Madrigal, Adrian L James, Jennifer Campos, Blake C Papsin, Karen A Gordon
OBJECTIVE: To determine if children with unilateral sensorineural hearing loss (UHL) demonstrate impaired balance compared with their normal hearing (NH) peers. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, case-control study. METHODS: Balance was assessed in14 UHL and 14 NH children using the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test-2 (BOT-2) and time to fall (TTF) in an immersive, virtual-reality laboratory. Postural control was quantified by center of pressure (COP) using force plates...
September 30, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
W Ammari, S Harrath, S Mbarek, A Mahmoud, W Chebbi, R Messaoud, M Khairallah
OBJECTIVE: To study socio-demographic characteristics and main causes related to visual impairment (VI) as a function of age bracket and to analyze their trends over time in the district of Mahdia. METHOD: A retrospective review was performed on 1487 cases of visual impairment registered with the social authorities in Mahdia, between 1980 and 2013. The social, demographic, vision exam findings and causes were ascertained and analyzed in an SPSS database. Incidence rates of VI and blindness due to various causes were calculated based on the demographic data from the NSI to estimate the time trends using the general linear regression model and Spearman correlation...
October 13, 2016: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
Chen-Wei Pan, Deng-Juan Qian, Hui Zhu, Jia-Jia Yu, Hu Liu
PURPOSE: We aimed to examine the association between the 5-min Apgar score and reduced vision in children 3 to 6 years of age. METHODS: A total of 5834 preschool children aged 3 to 6 years participated in this school-based eye survey. Reduced vision was defined as unaided distance vision of 6/12 or worse in the better-seeing eye. The 5-min Apgar scores of the participants were retrieved from medical records. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of reduced vision in this population was 6...
October 15, 2016: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Non-fatal outcomes of disease and injury increasingly detract from the ability of the world's population to live in full health, a trend largely attributable to an epidemiological transition in many countries from causes affecting children, to non-communicable diseases (NCDs) more common in adults. For the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 (GBD 2015), we estimated the incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for diseases and injuries at the global, regional, and national scale over the period of 1990 to 2015...
October 8, 2016: Lancet
Huanfen Zhou, Wei Wang, Quangang Xu, Shaoying Tan, Shuo Zhao, Mo Yang, Chunxia Peng, Shihui Wei
Purpose. Although optic neuritis (ON) in children is relatively common, visual outcomes and factors associated with the condition have not been well documented. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical features and visual outcomes of ON in Chinese children. Methods. Patients with a first episode of ON at a tertiary neuroophthalmic centre in China were assessed and followed up for at least three months. Visual outcomes and clinical, laboratory, and neuroimaging findings were reviewed. In patients with bilateral ON, only the eyes with worse visual acuity (VA) at presentation were used for statistical analysis...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
Takayuki Tsuyama, Hiroshi Hirose, Tomohiro Hattori
Background. Submacular hemorrhage can occur after blunt trauma to the eye. Intravitreal tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) and gas injection are often used for treatment and are effective for submacular hemorrhage caused by age-related macular degeneration. This report describes the clinical outcome in a child with submacular hemorrhage caused by traumatic choroidal rupture who underwent successful intravitreal tPA injection and pneumatic displacement. Case Presentation. A 10-year-old boy developed sudden decrease of vision and a central scotoma in his right eye after trauma...
2016: Case Reports in Ophthalmological Medicine
Linda M Richter, Bernadette Daelmans, Joan Lombardi, Jody Heymann, Florencia Lopez Boo, Jere R Behrman, Chunling Lu, Jane E Lucas, Rafael Perez-Escamilla, Tarun Dua, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Karin Stenberg, Paul Gertler, Gary L Darmstadt
Building on long-term benefits of early intervention (Paper 2 of this Series) and increasing commitment to early childhood development (Paper 1 of this Series), scaled up support for the youngest children is essential to improving health, human capital, and wellbeing across the life course. In this third paper, new analyses show that the burden of poor development is higher than estimated, taking into account additional risk factors. National programmes are needed. Greater political prioritisation is core to scale-up, as are policies that afford families time and financial resources to provide nurturing care for young children...
October 3, 2016: Lancet
Sameh E Soliman, Helen Dimaras, Vikas Khetan, Jane A Gardiner, Helen S L Chan, Elise Héon, Brenda L Gallie
PURPOSE: To compare overall outcomes of conventional postnatal screening of familial retinoblastoma and prenatal RB1 mutation identification followed by planned early-term delivery. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational study. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty children with familial retinoblastoma born between 1996 and 2014 and examined within 1 week of birth. METHODS: Cohort 1 included spontaneously delivered neonates examined within 1 week of birth and confirmed postnatal to carry their family's RB1 mutant allele...
October 1, 2016: Ophthalmology
Daniel Poole, Emma Gowen, Paul A Warren, Ellen Poliakoff
Previous studies have indicated that visual-auditory temporal acuity is reduced in children with autism spectrum conditions (ASC) in comparison to neurotypicals. In the present study we investigated temporal acuity for all possible bimodal pairings of visual, tactile and auditory information in adults with ASC (n = 18) and a matched control group (n = 18). No group differences in temporal acuity for crossmodal stimuli were observed, suggesting that this may be typical in adults with ASC. However, visual-tactile temporal acuity and bias towards vision when presented with visual-auditory information were both predictors of self-reported sensory reactivity...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Ying Xue, Min Gao, Yiqing Gao
The universal endocrine pathological state affecting young individuals and adults is type 2 diabetes mellitus, which has seen a significant increase in the last 30 years, particularly in children. Genetic and evnironmental factors are the causative agents for this pathological state in children. This rapid and wide spread of the disease can be controlled by enforcing amendments in environmental factors such as diet, physical activities and obesity. In young infants breastfeeding may be a key modulator of the disease...
October 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Steven C Dakin, Philip R K Turnbull
Although the contrast sensitivity function (CSF) is a particularly useful way of characterising functional vision, its measurement relies on observers making reliable perceptual reports. Such procedures can be challenging when testing children. Here we describe a system for measuring the CSF using an automated analysis of optokinetic nystagmus (OKN); an involuntary oscillatory eye movement made in response to drifting stimuli, here spatial-frequency (SF) band-pass noise. Quantifying the strength of OKN in the stimulus direction allows us to estimate contrast sensitivity across a range of SFs...
October 4, 2016: Scientific Reports
Zenia P Aguilera, Pauline L Chen
Primary care physicians are often the first to see a child with the complaint of eye pain. The eye examination in children is not easy, and the entities that can cause pain in children range from a foreign body in the cornea to the most serious amblyogenic (inducing decreased vision) and life-threatening conditions. Eye pain is a red flag for ocular and systemic conditions, either in a "quiet eye" or "red eye." A detailed history of present illness; pertinent review of systems; close attention to the past medical, family, and social histories; and meticulous physical examination can help to determine the cause, establish the correct treatment, and serve as the basis for referral to a pediatric ophthalmologist if necessary...
October 2016: Pediatrics in Review
Michael J Ellis, Dean M Cordingley, Sara Vis, Karen M Reimer, Jeff Leiter, Kelly Russell
OBJECTIVE There were 2 objectives of this study. The first objective was to identify clinical variables associated with vestibulo-ocular dysfunction (VOD) detected at initial consultation among pediatric patients with acute sports-related concussion (SRC) and postconcussion syndrome (PCS). The second objective was to reexamine the prevalence of VOD in this clinical cohort and evaluate the effect of VOD on length of recovery and the development of PCS. METHODS A retrospective review was conducted for all patients with acute SRC and PCS who were evaluated at a pediatric multidisciplinary concussion program from September 2013 to May 2015...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
G Magalon
In this document, Pr Guy Magalon presents a reflection on the plastic pediatric surgery drawn from 30 years of surgical practice. His thinking is supported by several examples of plastic surgery results from children reviewed in adulthood. These cases highlight the evolution of surgical practices and the need for continuing education for surgeons to adapt to technical progress. Professor Magalon honors his masters and shares his personal vision of the principles of pediatric plastic surgery.
October 2016: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
Abdulrahman Darraj, Walid Barakat, Mona Kenani, Reem Shajry, Abdullah Khawaji, Sultan Bakri, Abdulrahman Makin, Azza Mohanna, Abu Obaida Yassin
BACKGROUND: The rise in childhood eye diseases has become a matter of concern in Saudi Arabia, and hence a study has been conducted on the residents of Jazan. The aim of the research was to find out the root cause of such issues and provide a solution to prevent such circumstances for it may affect the vision of children. In this study, therefore, we aimed to determine the types of childhood eye diseases in Jazan and to discuss the best ways to prevent them or prevent their effect on the vision of our children...
2016: Ophthalmology and Eye Diseases
Ugan Singh Meena, Sumit Sharma, Sanjeev Chopra, Shashi Kant Jain
Gliosarcoma is rare central nervous system tumour and a variant of glioblastoma multiforme with bimorphic histological pattern of glial and sarcomatous differentiation. It occurs in elderly between 5(th) and 6(th) decades of life and extremely rare in children. It is highly aggressive tumour and managed like glioblastoma multiforme. A 12-year-old female child presented with complaints of headache and vomiting from 15 d and blurring of vision from 3 d. Magnetic resonance imaging of brain shows heterogeneous mass in right parieto-occipital cortex...
September 16, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Christiane Al-Haddad, Maamoun Abdul Fattah, Larissa Smeets, Hani Tamim, Leila Dirani, Layal Safadieh, Durriyah Sinno, Lama Charafeddine
PURPOSE: To study ophthalmological outcomes of premature children with no retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and correlate with neurodevelopmental outcomes. METHODS: A total of 69 former preterm infants were evaluated at 2 to 7 years of age. Detailed ophthalmologic examinations were performed. Neurodevelopment was assessed using the Peabody Developmental Motor Scale and Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence. Another 69 healthy children served as controls...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Mark W Swanson, Katherine K Weise, Laura E Dreer, James Johnston, Richard D Davis, Drew Ferguson, Matthew Heath Hale, Sara J Gould, Jennifer B Christy, Claudio Busettini, Sarah D Lee, Erin Swanson
PURPOSE: Academic difficulty is reported in children with prolonged post-concussive symptoms. Despite growing evidence that vestibular-ocular and vision-specific dysfunction are common in children after concussion, vision is rarely mentioned in return-to-learn protocols. The purpose of this project was to evaluate a cohort of children with prolonged post-concussive symptoms to determine if vision symptoms are associated with those reporting academic difficulty. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Children's of Alabama Concussion Clinic REDCap dataset from the period January 2007 to October 2013...
September 23, 2016: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
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