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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810465/valuing-health-for-oneself-versus-one-s-child-or-elderly-parent
#1
Aaron E Carroll, Chandan Saha, Susan Ofner, Stephen M Downs
The aim of this study was to determine if adults value health states or are willing to accept risk differently for themselves than for their children or elderly parents. Participants (701) were asked to rate four hypothetical health states for themselves using both the standard gamble and time trade-off methodologies. They then did the same assessments for a real or hypothetical child as well as an elderly parent. Participants were willing to take more risk or trade more years of life to avoid bilateral vision loss and mental impairment for themselves than they were for their children and elderly parents...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810099/childhood-vision-screening-in-western-south-dakota-examining-barriers-to-post-vision-screening-follow-up-referral
#2
Taylor J Slingsby, Paul Mallory, Terry Spencer
BACKGROUND: Poor follow-up after post-screening referral is a challenge faced by vision screening organizations. This study examines barriers to follow-up eye care in children who were referred for a comprehensive eye exam following a vision screening event in western South Dakota. METHODS: Children referred for a comprehensive eye exam following a screening event by Northern Plains Eye Foundation Western South Dakota Lions Children's Vision Screening Initiative (CVSI) from September 2014 to February 2015 were identified for a telephone survey...
January 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807636/visual-outcomes-and-complications-of-type-i-boston-keratoprosthesis-in-children-a-retrospective-multicenter-study-and-literature-review
#3
Simon S M Fung, Samir Jabbour, Mona Harissi-Dagher, Reginald R G Tan, Patrick Hamel, Kashif Baig, Asim Ali
PURPOSE: To report outcomes and complications of Boston type 1 keratoprosthesis (KPro) implantation in children. DESIGN: Retrospective, multicenter case series. PARTICIPANTS: All children 16 years of age or younger who underwent KPro surgery at 3 ophthalmology centers in Canada between January 2010 and November 2014. METHODS: Records of patients having undergone KPro implantation were reviewed. Data on preoperative characteristics, surgical procedure(s) performed, and postoperative outcomes were collected and analyzed...
August 11, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806346/optic-pathway-gliomas-in-neurofibromatosis-type-1-an-update-surveillance-treatment-indications-and-biomarkers-of-vision
#4
Peter M K de Blank, Michael J Fisher, Grant T Liu, David H Gutmann, Robert Listernick, Rosalie E Ferner, Robert A Avery
Optic pathway gliomas (OPGs) occur in 15%-20% of children with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), leading to visual deficits in fewer than half of these individuals. The goal of chemotherapy is to preserve vision, but vision loss in NF1-associated OPG can be unpredictable. Determining which child would benefit from chemotherapy and, equally important, which child is better observed without treatment can be difficult. Unfortunately, despite frequent imaging and ophthalmologic evaluations, some children experience progressive vision loss before treatment...
September 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797849/the-international-association-for-hospice-and-palliative-care-iahpc-advancing-hospice-and-palliative-care-worldwide
#5
Liliana De Lima, Lukas Radbruch
The International Association for Hospice and Palliative Care (IAHPC) is a membership based organization dedicated to the development and improvement of hospice and palliative care worldwide. The mission of IAHPC is to improve the quality of life of adults and children with life-threatening conditions and their families. The vision of IAHPC is universal access to high-quality palliative care, integrated into all levels of healthcare systems in a continuum of care with disease prevention, early diagnosis and treatment, to assure that any patient's or family caregiver's suffering is relieved to the greatest extent possible...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796860/trends-in-visual-health-inequalities-in-childhood-through-associations-of-visual-function-with-sex-and-social-position-across-3-uk-birth-cohorts
#6
Vasiliki Bountziouka, Phillippa M Cumberland, Jugnoo S Rahi
Importance: Despite the existing country-specific strategies tackling social inequalities in visual health in adults, little is known about trends in visual function in childhood and its association with social position. Objective: To investigate the distribution of childhood visual function in the United Kingdom and associations with early-life social position between 1961 and 1986, a period of significant social change. Design, Setting, and Participants: Longitudinal cohort study using harmonized data sets from the British 1946, 1958, and 1970 national birth cohorts...
August 10, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777779/health-and-self-regulation-among-school-age-children-experiencing-family-homelessness
#7
Andrew J Barnes, Theresa L Lafavor, J J Cutuli, Lei Zhang, Charles N Oberg, Ann S Masten
Children in homeless families have high levels of adversity and are at risk for behavior problems and chronic health conditions, however little is known about the relationship between cognitive-emotional self-regulation and health among school-aged homeless children. Children (n = 86; mean age 10.5) living in shelters were assessed for health, family stress/adversity, emotional-behavioral regulation, nonverbal intellectual abilities, and executive function. Vision problems were the most prevalent health condition, followed by chronic respiratory conditions...
August 4, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774525/v4b-implantable-collamer-lens-versus-intacs-corneal-rings-to-manage-anisometropic-myopic-amblyopia-in-children
#8
Sherif Ahmed Eissa, Mohamed Wagih El-Deeb, Mahmoud Salah Hendawi
OBJECTIVE: To compare the safety and efficacy of phakic intraocular lens (PIOL) versus intrastromal corneal ring segments (Intacs), for correcting high myopic anisometropia in amblyopic children. DESIGN: Nonrandomized prospective multi-center study. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty children, aged between 4 and 12 years, with unilateral high myopic anisometropic amblyopia were included in this study. METHODS: Patients who were prospectively subdivided into group A, with mean preoperative manifest refraction spherical equivalent (MRSE) of -12...
August 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762432/prevalence-of-uncorrected-refractive-errors-among-children-aged-3-10-years-in-western-saudi-arabia
#9
Nojood Hameed R Alrahili, Esraa S Jadidy, Bayan Sulieman H Alahmadi, Mohammed F Abdula'al, Alaa S Jadidy, Abdulaziz A Alhusaini, Moaz A Mojaddidi, Maan A Al-Barry
To determine the prevalence of uncorrected refractive errors (URE) among children 3-10 years and to affirm the necessity of a national school-based visual screening program for school-aged children. Methods: This retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted in Medina, Saudi Arabia in 2015. Children were selected through a multistage stratified random sampling from 8 kindergarten and 8 primary schools. Those included were screened to diagnose UREs using a visual acuity chart and an auto refractometer according to American guidelines...
August 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756763/the-effect-of-omitting-an-early-population-based-vision-screen-in-the-netherlands-a-micro-simulation-model-approach
#10
F Sloot, Eam Heijnsdijk, J H Groenewoud, F Goudsmit, E W Steyerberg, H J de Koning, H J Simonsz
Objective To estimate the effect of omitting an individual screen from a child vision screening programme on the detection of amblyopia in the Netherlands. A previous study (Rotterdam Amblyopia Screening Effectiveness Study) suggested that the three screens carried out between 6 and 24 months contributed little. Methods We developed a micro-simulation model that approximated the birth-cohort data from the previous study, in which 2964 children had completed follow-up at age 7, and 100 amblyopia cases were detected...
September 2017: Journal of Medical Screening
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756186/event-related-potential-response-to-auditory-social-stimuli-parent-reported-social-communicative-deficits-and-autism-risk-in-school-aged-children-with-congenital-visual-impairment
#11
Joe Bathelt, Naomi Dale, Michelle de Haan
Communication with visual signals, like facial expression, is important in early social development, but the question if these signals are necessary for typical social development remains to be addressed. The potential impact on social development of being born with no or very low levels of vision is therefore of high theoretical and clinical interest. The current study investigated event-related potential responses to basic social stimuli in a rare group of school-aged children with congenital visual disorders of the anterior visual system (globe of the eye, retina, anterior optic nerve)...
July 19, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752898/contact-lenses-to-slow-progression-of-myopia
#12
REVIEW
Padmaja Sankaridurg
The prevalence of myopia has been steadily rising, with 28 per cent of the global population said to be affected in 2010 and to rise to affect nearly 50 per cent by 2050. Increasing levels of myopia increase the risk of vision impairment and in particular, high myopia is associated with the risk of serious and permanent visual disability due to associated sight-threatening complications. To stem the burden associated with higher levels of myopia, there are efforts to slow the progression of myopia, and several optical and pharmaceutical strategies have been found useful in slowing myopia to varying degrees...
July 28, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746323/ocular-morbidity-among-children-of-government-schools-of-kathmandu-valley-a-follow-up-study
#13
R K Shrestha, G S Shrestha
INTRODUCTION: Ocular and vision defects are common among school going children. Vision disorders, especially refractive errors are the main disabilities of children and the leading cause of handicapping conditions of childhood. The present study was conducted to find out ocular morbidity among students of government schools of Kathmandu valley. METHODS: In the descriptive and cross-sectional study, 2412 students, comprising of 1114 (46.2%) males and 1298 (53.8%) females were enrolled in to the study from the five government schools of Kathmandu valley from 2012 to 2013...
April 2017: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737608/a-randomized-trial-of-soft-multifocal-contact-lenses-for-myopia-control-baseline-data-and-methods
#14
Jeffrey J Walline, Amber Gaume Giannoni, Loraine T Sinnott, Moriah A Chandler, Juan Huang, Donald O Mutti, Lisa A Jones-Jordan, David A Berntsen
SIGNIFICANCE: The Bifocal Lenses In Nearsighted Kids (BLINK) study is the first soft multifocal contact lens myopia control study to compare add powers and measure peripheral refractive error in the vertical meridian, so it will provide important information about the potential mechanism of myopia control. PURPOSE: The BLINK study is a National Eye Institute-sponsored, double-masked, randomized clinical trial to investigate the effects of soft multifocal contact lenses on myopia progression...
July 21, 2017: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734813/incidence-and-types-of-pediatric-nystagmus
#15
David L Nash, Nancy N Diehl, Brian G Mohney
PURPOSE: To report the incidence, prevalent subtypes and clinical characteristics of pediatric nystagmus diagnosed over a 30-year period. DESIGN: Retrospective, population-based study METHODS: Using the Rochester Epidemiology Project, the medical records of all children (<19 years) diagnosed as residents in Olmsted County, Minnesota with any form of nystagmus from January 1, 1976, through December 31, 2005, were reviewed. RESULTS: Seventy-one children were diagnosed during the 30-year period, yielding an annual incidence of 6...
July 19, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730121/age-norms-for-grating-acuity-and-contrast-sensitivity-measured-by-lea-tests-in-the-first-three-years-of-life
#16
Amal A Elgohary, Manal H Abuelela, Adel Alei Eldin
AIM: To determine age norms in the first three years of life for grating visual acuity and contrast sensitivity obtained with Lea grating test and Hiding Heidi low contrast face test. METHODS: Lea grating test was used to estimate binocular grating acuity and Hiding Heidi low contrast face test was used to estimate contrast sensitivity in 600 healthy infants and children. Age ranged from 3 to 36mo subdivided into 12 groups subjected for full ophthalmologic and pediatric examinations...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728185/novel-presenting-phenotype-in-a-child-with-autosomal-dominant-best-s-vitelliform-macular-dystrophy
#17
Yasmine F Abdalla, Gabriella De Salvo, Ahmad Elsahn, James E Self
Best's macular dystrophy (BMD) usually manifests with visual failure in the first or second decade of life; however, there is a large variability in expressivity of the disease, and some patients have no manifestation other than a pathological electro-oculogram (EOG). Autosomal dominant Best's vitelliform macular dystrophy (AD-BVMD) has a very specific phenotype that varies with the stage of the disease. In recent years, the authors have seen description of another clinical entity known as autosomal recessive BMD...
July 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719538/misight-assessment-study-spain-a-comparison-of-vision-related-quality-of-life-measures-between-misight-contact-lenses-and-single-vision-spectacles
#18
Alicia Ruiz Pomeda, Belén Pérez-Sánchez, Maria Del Pilar Cañadas Suárez, Francisco Luis Prieto Garrido, Ramón Gutiérrez-Ortega, César Villa-Collar
OBJECTIVES: Recent research has shown that concentric contact lenses (CLs) can be a way to control the progression of myopia. The purpose of the current study was to compare vision-related quality-of-life measures in children wearing distance single-vision (SV) spectacles versus MiSight CLs, a specific concentric design for myopia control. METHODS: Subjects aged 8 to 12 with myopia from -0.75 to -4.00 diopters (D) of sphere and astigmatism less than 1.00 D of cylinder were allocated to the lenses study group (MiSight) or control group (SV)...
July 14, 2017: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713324/color-vision-losses-in-autism-spectrum-disorders
#19
Elaine C Zachi, Thiago L Costa, Mirella T S Barboni, Marcelo F Costa, Daniela M O Bonci, Dora F Ventura
Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are neurodevelopmental conditions characterized by impairments in social/communication abilities and restricted behaviors. The present study aims to examine color vision discrimination in ASD children and adolescents without intellectual disability. The participants were also subdivided in order to compare color vision thresholds of autistic participants and those who achieved diagnostic criteria for Asperger Syndrome (AS). Nine subjects with autism, 11 participants with AS and 36 typically developing children and adolescents participated in the study...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712953/physical-activity-levels-in-children-with-sensory-problems-cross-sectional-analyses-from-the-millennium-cohort-study
#20
Genevieve Williams, Daniel Aggio, Brendon Stubbs, Shahina Pardhan, Benjamin Gardner, Lee Smith
BACKGROUND: Hearing and vision impairments/problems are associated with increased risk of premature mortality in adulthood. One potential pathway explaining this association is reduced levels of physical activity. Reductions in activity levels due to sensory impairments may commence earlier in life; however, associations between sensory impairments/problems and activity levels in childhood are not well understood. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine associations between hearing and vision problems and objectively measured activity levels in a representative sample of British children...
July 11, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
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