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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922267/the-1-year-follow-up-clinic-for-neonates-and-children-after-respiratory-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-support-a-10-year-single-institution-experience
#1
Suzan Kakat, Maura O'Callaghan, Liz Smith, Raymond Hreiche, Deborah A Ridout, Jo Wray, Timothy Thiruchelvam, Katherine L Brown, Aparna U Hoskote
OBJECTIVES: To establish the effectiveness of a "1-year extracorporeal membrane oxygenation follow-up clinic" and to characterize any neurodevelopmental concerns identified. DESIGN: Single-center retrospective cohort of respiratory extracorporeal membrane oxygenation survivors over 10 years. SETTING: Nationally commissioned center for neonatal and pediatric (> 28 d of life) respiratory extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. PATIENTS: Children attending the follow-up clinic 1 year after receiving respiratory extracorporeal membrane oxygenation between 2003 and 2013...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919773/sickle-cell-retinopathy-improving-care-with-a-multidisciplinary-approach
#2
REVIEW
Farid Menaa, Barkat Ali Khan, Bushra Uzair, Abder Menaa
Sickle cell retinopathy (SCR) is the most representative ophthalmologic complication of sickle cell disease (SCD), a hemoglobinopathy affecting both adults and children. SCR presents a wide spectrum of manifestations and may even lead to irreversible vision loss if not properly diagnosed and treated at the earliest. Over the past decade, multidisciplinary research developments have focused upon systemic, genetic, and ocular risk factors of SCR, enabling the clinician to better diagnose and manage these patients...
2017: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919664/developmental-coordination-disorders-and-sensory-processing-and-integration-incidence-associations-and-co-morbidities
#3
Susan Allen, Jackie Casey
INTRODUCTION: Children with developmental coordination disorder or sensory processing and integration difficulties face challenges to participation in daily living. To date there has been no exploration of the co-occurrence of developmental coordination disorders and sensory processing and integration difficulties. METHOD: Records of children meeting Diagnostic and Statistical Manual - V criteria for developmental coordination disorder (n = 93) age 5 to 12 years were examined...
September 2017: British Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906020/diagnostic-impact-of-anterior-segment-angiography-of-limbal-stem-cell-insufficiency-in-pax6-related-aniridia
#4
Barbara Käsmann-Kellner, Lorenz Latta, Fabian Fries, Arne Viestenz, Berthold Seitz
BACKGROUND: PAX6 is a master gene of ocular development and postnatal ocular equilibrium. Congenital aniridia is the hallmark of PAX6 gene haploinsufficiency (Chr. 11 p. 13), but PAX6-associated aniridia is a profound, progressive pan-ocular developmental disorder often leading to blindness. Limbal stem cell insufficiency and corneal findings in PAX6 syndrome: There is congenital visual impairment with advancing loss of vision mainly due to secondary glaucoma and to corneal blindness caused by limbal stem cell insufficiency (LSCI)...
September 14, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905827/refractive-and-ocular-biometric-profile-of-children-with-a-history-of-laser-treatment-for-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#5
Savleen Kaur, Jaspreet Sukhija, Deeksha Katoch, Mansi Sharma, Ramanuj Samanta, Mangat R Dogra
PURPOSE: Indian children belong to a diverse socioeconomic strata with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) developing in mature, higher birth weight babies as well. The purpose of our study is to analyze the long-term status of refractive errors and its relationship with ocular biometry in children with ROP who were laser treated at a tertiary center in North India. METHODS: Cross sectional study. Children (<16 years) enrolled from January 2014 to December 2014 with a history of laser treatment for ROP and examined for refractive and biometric status...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902771/attention-and-visual-motor-integration-in-young-children-with-uncorrected-hyperopia
#6
Marjean Taylor Kulp, Elise Ciner, Maureen Maguire, Maxwell Pistilli, T Rowan Candy, Gui-Shuang Ying, Graham Quinn, Lynn Cyert, Bruce Moore
SIGNIFICANCE: Among 4- and 5-year-old children, deficits in measures of attention, visual-motor integration (VMI) and visual perception (VP) are associated with moderate, uncorrected hyperopia (3 to 6 diopters [D]) accompanied by reduced near visual function (near visual acuity worse than 20/40 or stereoacuity worse than 240 seconds of arc). PURPOSE: To compare attention, visual motor, and visual perceptual skills in uncorrected hyperopes and emmetropes attending preschool or kindergarten and evaluate their associations with visual function...
September 11, 2017: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899616/risk-factors-for-dental-problems-recommendations-for-oral-health-in-infancy
#7
REVIEW
Yvonne Wagner, Roswitha Heinrich-Weltzien
Primary care providers, gynaecologists and paediatricians have to be aware of the importance of oral health in infancy and possible consequences for child's development, growth, health and quality of life. Oral diseases, particularly dental caries, developmental defects of the dental tissues and periodontal or orthodontic issues have a complex and interrelated aetiology with common, primarily behavioral based risk factors. A sugar-rich diet is the key risk factor with detrimental consequences for general and oral health, particularly in combination with an insufficient oral hygiene...
September 9, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898521/design-and-methodology-of-the-shanghai-child-and-adolescent-large-scale-eye-study-scale
#8
Xiangui He, Rong Zhao, Padmaja Sankaridurg, Jianfeng Zhu, Thomas John, Yingyan Ma, Lina Lu, Minzhi Lv, Earl L Smith, Serge Resnikoff, Kovin Naidoo, Haidong Zou, Xun Xu
IMPORTANCE: Nearly half of children suffering vision impairment reside in China with myopia accounting for the vast majority. BACKGROUND: To describe the design and methodology of the Shanghai Child and Adolescent Large-scale Eye Study (SCALE). DESIGN: The SCALE was a city wide, school-based, prospective survey. PARTICIPANTS: Children and adolescents aged 4 to 14 years from kindergarten (middle and senior), primary schools and junior high schools of all 17 districts and counties of the city of Shanghai, China were examined in 2012-2013...
September 12, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893038/new-vision-for-improving-the-oral-health-education-of-visually-impaired-children-a-non-randomized-control-trial
#9
Arpan Debnath, B K Srivastava, Punith Shetty, Shruthi Eshwar
INTRODUCTION: Visually impaired people have poorer oral hygiene when compared to others. Therefore, there is a necessity for individual training by making awareness in oral care and plaque control so as to improve their oral hygiene. AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess the effectiveness of oral health innovative educative method among visually impaired children of Bengaluru city of India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A non-randomized control trial was conducted among 40 visually impaired individuals attending special school for blind...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890076/convergence-insufficiency-symptom-survey-scores-for-required-reading-versus-leisure-reading-in-school-age-children
#10
Tiana Y Clark, Robert A Clark
PURPOSE: To compare Convergence Insufficiency Symptom Survey scores for required reading for school versus scores for leisure reading. METHODS: At a single private practice, we surveyed 100 children with normal binocular vision using modified survey questions specifying either required reading or leisure reading as the near visual activity. Average total symptom scores and subscores for questions about discomfort, fatigue, impaired vision, and cognitive performance were analyzed using t tests; responses to individual questions were analyzed using Mann-Whitney U tests...
September 7, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885669/long-term-intraocular-pressure-after-combined-trabeculotomy-trabeculectomy-in-glaucoma-associated-with-sturge-weber-syndrome
#11
Devindra Sood, Aanchal Rathore, Ishaana Sood, Dinesh Kumar, Narender N Sood
PURPOSE: Vision loss in Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS), a rare congenital disorder, is primarily due to glaucoma. METHODS: We reviewed the data of all consecutive SWS-associated glaucoma cases in patients who had undergone combined trabeculotomy-trabeculectomy (CTT) at a tertiary glaucoma facility between January 1993 and December 2015. We analyzed the preoperative and postoperative intraocular pressure (IOP), corneal clarity, visual acuity, success rate, need for repeat surgery, and number of topical antiglaucoma medications needed at last follow-up...
September 7, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882501/overview-of-reading-development-and-assessments-for-the-pediatric-ophthalmologist
#12
REVIEW
Megan E Collins, Lucy I Mudie, Amanda J Inns, Michael X Repka
Reading difficulties are common in the pediatric population, and large socioeconomic disparities exist. In the United States 46% of white children achieved expected reading proficiency by the end of fourth grade, while only 21% of Hispanic and 18% of African American children were reading at the expected level. Reading is an involved cognitive process with many subskills; likewise, development of reading proficiency is a complex and continuous process. Failure to achieve reading proficiency or even early difficulty with reading can affect a child's academic performance for years to come...
September 4, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880356/-diagnostics-of-attachment-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry
#13
M J van Hoof
Growing concern about how the neglect and abuse of children can be tackled and prevented has led to increased interest in the parent-child relationship and the concept of attachment. It is vitally important that the diagnostics relating to attachment are accurate. One of the main problems is that up till now the parent-child relationship has not been assessed and analysed in accordance with reliable, unambiguous standards.<br/> AIM: To search the literature in order to identify the prerequisites for reliable diagnostics of attachment...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875960/analysis-of-macular-and-retinal-nerve-fiber-layer-thickness-in-children-with-refractory-amblyopia-after-femtosecond-laser-assisted-laser-in-situ-keratomileusis-a-retrospective-study
#14
Peng-Fei Zhao, Yue-Hua Zhou, Jing Zhang, Wen-Bin Wei
Background: Localized macular edema and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thinning have been reported shortly after laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) in adults. However, it is still unclear how LASIK affects the retina of children. This study aimed to investigate the macular retina and RNFL thickness in children with refractive amblyopia who underwent femtosecond laser-assisted LASIK (FS-LASIK). Methods: In this study, we included 56 eyes of 32 patients with refractive amblyopia who underwent FS-LASIK in our hospital from January 2012 to December 2016...
September 20, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875880/orbital-apex-syndrome-after-trauma-in-a-6-year-old-a-rare-occurrence
#15
A Ahmed
Orbital apex syndrome is rare, but can occur as a consequence of trauma from fracture of the medial orbit. This case report highlights the fact that a high index of suspicion is needed when a patient presents with a facial injury, especially in children who cannot give an account of the actual events that transpired. Radiological investigation should be done early when an underlying injury is suspected in a trauma patient. A low threshold for computed tomography should be maintained when proptosis and vision loss are present...
August 25, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873168/vision-screening-in-children-aged-6-months-to-5-years-us-preventive-services-task-force-recommendation-statement
#16
David C Grossman, Susan J Curry, Douglas K Owens, Michael J Barry, Karina W Davidson, Chyke A Doubeni, John W Epling, Alex R Kemper, Alex H Krist, Ann E Kurth, C Seth Landefeld, Carol M Mangione, Maureen G Phipps, Michael Silverstein, Melissa A Simon, Chien-Wen Tseng
Importance: One of the most important causes of vision abnormalities in children is amblyopia (also known as "lazy eye"). Amblyopia is an alteration in the visual neural pathway in a child's developing brain that can lead to permanent vision loss in the affected eye. Among children younger than 6 years, 1% to 6% have amblyopia or its risk factors (strabismus, anisometropia, or both). Early identification of vision abnormalities could prevent the development of amblyopia. Subpopulation Considerations: Studies show that screening rates among children vary by race/ethnicity and family income...
September 5, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873167/vision-screening-in-children-aged-6-months-to-5-years-evidence-report-and-systematic-review-for-the-us-preventive-services-task-force
#17
REVIEW
Daniel E Jonas, Halle R Amick, Ina F Wallace, Cynthia Feltner, Emily B Vander Schaaf, Callie L Brown, Claire Baker
Importance: Preschool vision screening could allow detection and treatment of vision abnormalities during a critical developmental stage, preserving function and quality of life. Objective: To review the evidence on screening for and treatment of amblyopia, its risk factors, and refractive error in children aged 6 months to 5 years to inform the US Preventive Services Task Force. Data Sources: MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, CINAHL, and trial registries through June 2016; references; and experts, with surveillance of the literature through June 7, 2017...
September 5, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873163/vision-screening-in-children
#18
Jill Jin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 5, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873126/vision-screening-in-very-young-children-making-sense-of-an-inexorable-diagnostic-process
#19
William V Good
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 5, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868651/the-effects-of-preterm-birth-on-visual-development
#20
REVIEW
Myra Ps Leung, Benjamin Thompson, Joanna Black, Shuan Dai, Jane M Alsweiler
Children born very preterm are at a greater risk of abnormal visual and neurological development when compared to children born at full term. Preterm birth is associated with retinopathy of prematurity (a proliferative retinal vascular disease) and can also affect the development of brain structures associated with post-retinal processing of visual information. Visual deficits common in children born preterm, such as reduced visual acuity, strabismus, abnormal stereopsis and refractive error, are likely to be detected through childhood vision screening programs, ophthalmological follow-up or optometric care...
September 3, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
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