keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

children's vision

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081311/applying-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-in-children-with-low-vision-differences-between-raters
#1
Feride Yarar, Uğur Cavlak, Bilge Başakcı Çalık
BACKGROUND/AIM: This study was conducted to analyze the agreement between International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) raters and to show its applicability in children with low vision. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty children (mean age: 11.70 ± 1.92 years) were included. To evaluate the independency of the sample, the Northwick Park Activities Daily Living questionnaire was used. The Low Vision Quality of Life Scale was used to evaluate quality of life...
December 20, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079738/vision-problems-and-reduced-reading-outcomes-in-queensland-schoolchildren
#2
Shelley Hopkins, Geoff P Sampson, Peter L Hendicott, Joanne M Wood
PURPOSE: To assess the relationship between vision and reading outcomes in Indigenous and non-Indigenous schoolchildren to determine whether vision problems are associated with lower reading outcomes in these populations. METHODS: Vision testing and reading assessments were performed on 508 Indigenous and non-Indigenous schoolchildren in Queensland, Australia divided into two age groups: Grades 1 and 2 (6-7 years of age) and Grades 6 and 7 (12-13 years of age). Vision parameters measured included cycloplegic refraction, near point of convergence, heterophoria, fusional vergence range, rapid automatized naming, and visual motor integration...
January 12, 2017: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078640/development-of-the-pediatric-quality-of-life-inventory-neurofibromatosis-type-1-module-items-for-children-adolescents-and-young-adults-qualitative-methods
#3
Kavitha Nutakki, James W Varni, Sheila Steinbrenner, Claire B Draucker, Nancy L Swigonski
Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is arguably one of the most important measures in evaluating effectiveness of clinical treatments. At present, there is no disease-specific outcome measure to assess the HRQOL of children, adolescents and young adults with Neurofibromatosis Type 1 (NF1). This study aimed to develop the items and support the content validity for the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory™ (PedsQL™) NF1 Module for children, adolescents and young adults. The iterative process included multiphase qualitative methods including a literature review, survey of expert opinions, semi-structured interviews, cognitive interviews and pilot testing...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073947/redefining-the-child-pedestrian-safety-paradigm-identifying-high-fatality-concentrations-in-urban-areas
#4
Nicholas N Ferenchak, Wesley E Marshall
OBJECTIVES: Child pedestrians are some of the most vulnerable users of our transportation systems, and they deserve particular attention when we consider traffic safety. The objective of this work is to identify urban locations in which child pedestrians are at particular risk for fatal collisions with vehicles. METHODS: This paper examines 30 years of crash data for six American cities to locate areas with high child pedestrian fatality concentrations. Phase I of the study, which examines Denver, Colorado, USA, reveals higher concentrations of child pedestrian fatalities around parks as compared with other areas that children have been shown to frequent...
January 10, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069028/robot-aided-developmental-assessment-of-wrist-proprioception-in-children
#5
Francesca Marini, Valentina Squeri, Pietro Morasso, Claudio Campus, Jürgen Konczak, Lorenzo Masia
BACKGROUND: Several neurodevelopmental disorders and brain injuries in children have been associated with proprioceptive dysfunction that will negatively affect their movement. Unfortunately, there is lack of reliable and objective clinical examination protocols and our current knowledge of how proprioception evolves in typically developing children is still sparse. METHODS: Using a robotic exoskeleton, we investigated proprioceptive acuity of the wrist in a group of 49 typically developing healthy children (8-15 years), and a group of 40 young adults...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064348/european-academy-of-paediatrics-statement-vision-zero-for-child-deaths-in-traffic-accidents
#6
Jonas F Ludvigsson, Tom Stiris, Stefano Del Torso, Jean-Christophe Mercier, Arunas Valiulis, Adamos Hadjipanayis
Road traffic accidents are the leading cause of death and disability in children throughout Europe. They remain the leading cause of death among children 5--19 years old in Europe. Children may be injured as pedestrians, bicyclists, motorcyclists or passengers in cars. The European Academy of Pediatrics (EAP) strives to prevent morbidity and death in children. We urge policy-makers to actively work for a "vision zero", where no child is killed in traffic. EAP suggests simple measures such as, secure transport for children between home and school, speed limits, road bumps, wearing bike helmets and seat belts, using child-restraints for small children and enforcement of legislation on road safety...
January 7, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057455/comparison-of-botulinum-toxin-with-surgery-for-the-treatment-of-acute-onset-comitant-esotropia-in-children
#7
Michael J Wan, Iason S Mantagos, Ankoor S Shah, Melanie Kazlas, David G Hunter
PURPOSE: To determine whether botulinum toxin is as effective as strabismus surgery in the treatment of acute-onset, comitant esotropia in children. DESIGN: Retrospective, non-randomized, comparative clinical study. METHODS: Setting: Tertiary care pediatric hospital. STUDY POPULATION: 49 children with acute-onset, comitant esotropia. INTERVENTION: Treatment with either botulinum toxin ("chemodenervation group") or standard incisional strabismus surgery ("surgery group")...
January 2, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050460/profile-of-amblyopia-in-school-going-5-15-years-children-at-state-level-referral-hospital-in-uttarakhand
#8
Manisha Gupta, Sudhir Kumar Rana, Sanjiv Kumar Mittal, R N P Sinha
INTRODUCTION: Amblyopia is one of the common causes of childhood visual impairment. The prevalence of amblyopia usually varies according to the age group of the studied population and the factors prevailing in that region. The upper limit of the critical time when amblyopia can develop is around eight years of age and it can be permanent if corrective measures are not taken in time. AIM: The purpose of study was to know the profile and pattern of amblyopia in children aged 5-15 years with refractive error in Uttarakhand and to compare it with national and regional (South Asian) studies...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044973/-numerical-cognition-what-can-we-learn-from-blind-people
#9
Virginie Crollen, Olivier Collignon
The representation of numbers is assumed to interact with two visuo-motor functions. On the one hand, following the observation that children often use their fingers to learn the counting sequence and basic arithmetic operations, numbers were assumed to interact with finger movements. On the other hand, following the recurrent observation that small numbers are preferentially associated with the left side of space while large numbers are preferentially associated with the right side of space, numbers were assumed to interact with space...
December 2016: Médecine Sciences: M/S
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043608/new-options-in-tuberculosis-care-visions-for-the-future-are-crucial-for-controlling-the-disease
#10
Malin Ridell
The current strategies for controlling tuberculosis (TB) are not sufficient. Improved prophylactic and diagnostic tools are imperative, being crucial for decreasing TB incidence and mortality and for preventing outbreaks. Furthermore, new and better drugs are badly needed, particularly considering the increase in cases with multidrug-resistant strains. The current TB vaccine-the Bacillus Calmette-Guérin vaccine-has a preventive impact on disseminated TB in children, but little effect on the most common form of TB, that is, lung TB in adults and young adults...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039362/defining-the-temporal-course-of-murine-neurofibromatosis-1-optic-gliomagenesis-reveals-a-therapeutic-window-to-attenuate-retinal-dysfunction
#11
Joseph A Toonen, Yu Ma, David H Gutmann
BACKGROUND: Optic gliomas arising in the neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) cancer predisposition syndrome cause reduced visual acuity in 30%-50% of affected children. Since human specimens are rare, genetically engineered mouse (GEM) models have been successfully employed for preclinical therapeutic discovery and validation. However, the sequence of cellular and molecular events that culminate in retinal dysfunction and vision loss has not been fully defined relevant to potential neuroprotective treatment strategies...
December 29, 2016: Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034356/improving-cancer-care-for-children-in-the-developing-world-challenges-and-strategies
#12
Zakiya Al Lamki
Cancer is a global health problem particularly in developing countries where the burden of cancer is ever increasing and claiming the lives of about 100,000 children under the age of 15 years every year. Majority of these occur in the Low and Middle Income Countries (LMICs) where 90% of world children live. Contributing factors to this trend is the reduction of communicable diseases and emergence of new infections, improvement of nutrition and socio-economic conditions, industrialization and urbanization. However, due to its complexity, childhood cancer is given the least priority by the governments' funding...
December 30, 2016: Current Pediatric Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027276/accommodation-and-phoria-in-children-wearing-multifocal-contact-lenses
#13
Celia R Gong, David Troilo, Kathryn Richdale
PURPOSE: To determine the effect of multifocal contact lenses on accommodation and phoria in children. METHODS: This was a prospective, non-dispensing, randomized, crossover, single-visit study. Myopic children with normal accommodation and binocularity and no history of myopia control treatment were enrolled and fitted with CooperVision Biofinity single vision (SV) and multifocal (MF, +2.50D center distance add) contact lenses. Accommodative responses (photorefraction) and phorias (modified Thorington) were measured at four distances (>3 m, 100 cm, 40 cm, 25 cm)...
December 23, 2016: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025243/instrument-based-vision-screening-in-children
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018271/comparing-a-perceptual-and-an-automated-vision-based-method-for-lie-detection-in-younger-children
#15
Mariana Serras Pereira, Reinier Cozijn, Eric Postma, Suleman Shahid, Marc Swerts
The present study investigates how easily it can be detected whether a child is being truthful or not in a game situation, and it explores the cue validity of bodily movements for such type of classification. To achieve this, we introduce an innovative methodology - the combination of perception studies (in which eye-tracking technology is being used) and automated movement analysis. Film fragments from truthful and deceptive children were shown to human judges who were given the task to decide whether the recorded child was being truthful or not...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013297/weight-status-is-associated-with-blood-pressure-vital-capacity-dental-decay-and-visual-acuity-among-school-age-children-in-chengdu-china
#16
Rong Peng, Shiyun Li, Hongbin Zhang, Honglian Zeng, Biyu Jiang, Yu Liu, Xiangming Yi, Mengjing Xu, Li Zhu, Zhaohui Zhang
AIMS: To examine the association of weight status with the prevalence of blood pressure (BP), vital capacity, dental decay, and visual acuity among school-age children in Chengdu, China and to find the potential role of weight status to predict the common and frequently occurring diseases among school-age children. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 12,297 children aged 6-18 years from 10 schools in the Jinniu District of Chengdu, China. Body height, weight, waist circumference (WC), and BP were measured...
December 24, 2016: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002134/neuroplasticity-and-amblyopia-vision-at-the-balance-point
#17
Vijay K Tailor, D Samuel Schwarzkopf, Annegret H Dahlmann-Noor
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: New insights into triggers and brakes of plasticity in the visual system are being translated into new treatment approaches which may improve outcomes not only in children, but also in adults. RECENT FINDINGS: Visual experience-driven plasticity is greatest in early childhood, triggered by maturation of inhibitory interneurons which facilitate strengthening of synchronous synaptic connections, and inactivation of others. Normal binocular development leads to progressive refinement of monocular visual acuity, stereoacuity and fusion of images from both eyes...
December 20, 2016: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002122/neuroplasticity-and-amblyopia-vision-at-the-balance-point
#18
Vijay K Tailor, D Samuel Schwarzkopf, Annegret H Dahlmann-Noor
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: New insights into triggers and brakes of plasticity in the visual system are being translated into new treatment approaches which may improve outcomes not only in children, but also in adults. RECENT FINDINGS: Visual experience-driven plasticity is greatest in early childhood, triggered by maturation of inhibitory interneurons which facilitate strengthening of synchronous synaptic connections, and inactivation of others. Normal binocular development leads to progressive refinement of monocular visual acuity, stereoacuity and fusion of images from both eyes...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994389/characteristics-of-keratoconic-patients-attending-a-specialist-contact-lens-clinic-in-kenya
#19
Zahra Aly Rashid, Michel Millodot, Katharine S E Evans
PURPOSE: To describe the characteristics of keratoconus (KC) patients seen in a contact lens clinic of a children's hospital in Kenya. RESULTS: A total of 254 patients' records were analyzed. Mean age at presentation to the clinic was 20.97 ± 11.13 year (range, 6-84 years) with 75% between the ages of 6 and 25 years. There was a preponderance of males (59.8%). Most patients were referred by an ophthalmologist. All patients were Africans. The most common complaints were blurred vision (50%), poor visual acuity with spectacles (33...
October 2016: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992153/federal-employees-health-benefits-and-federal-employees-dental-and-vision-insurance-programs-coverage-exception-for-children-of-same-sex-domestic-partners-interim-final-rule
#20
(no author information available yet)
This action amends the rule to create a regulatory exception that allows children of same-sex domestic partners living overseas to maintain their Federal Employees Health Benefits (FEHB) and Federal Employees Dental and Vision Program (FEDVIP) coverage until September 30, 2018. Due to a recent Supreme Court decision, as of January 1, 2016, coverage of children of same-sex domestic partners under the FEHB Program and FEDVIP will generally only be allowed if the couple is married, as discussed in Benefits Administration Letter (BAL) 15-207 dated October 5, 2015...
2, 2016: Federal Register
keyword
keyword
29774
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"