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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549081/randomized-equivalence-trial-of-the-king-vision-ablade-videolaryngoscope-with-the-miller-direct-laryngoscope-for-routine-tracheal-intubation-in-children-2%C3%A2-yr-of-age
#1
N Jagannathan, J Hajduk, L Sohn, A Huang, A Sawardekar, B Albers, S Bienia, G S De Oliveira
Background.: We conducted a randomized equivalence trial to compare direct laryngoscopy using a Miller blade (DL) with the King Vision videolaryngoscope (KVL) for routine tracheal intubation. We hypothesized that tracheal intubation times with DL would be equivalent to the KVL in children <2 yr of age. Methods.: Two hundred children were randomly assigned to tracheal intubation using DL or KVL. The primary outcome was the median difference in the total time for successful tracheal intubation...
May 26, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540347/interdisciplinary-management-of-head-and-neck-vascular-anomalies-clinical-presentation-diagnostic-findings-and-minimalinvasive-therapies
#2
REVIEW
Maliha Sadick, Walter A Wohlgemuth, Roland Huelse, Bettina Lange, Thomas Henzler, Stefan O Schoenberg, Haneen Sadick
OBJECTIVES: Vascular anomalies are included in the 30 000 rare diseases worldwide affecting less than 5/10 000 people. Depending on their morphology and biological properties, they can cause varied disorders with organ involvement. Almost 60% of vascular anomalies have a predilection for the head and neck region in children. Clinical and scientific effort to establish interdisciplinary management concepts for vascular anomalies is increasing worldwide. METHODS: Especially in the head and neck region, clinical impairment and organ dysfunction is associated with cosmetic issues that may represent a physical and psychological issue for the patient...
2017: European Journal of Radiology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540011/effectiveness-of-vision-therapy-in-school-children-with-symptomatic-convergence-insufficiency
#3
Jung Un Jang, Jung Yun Jang, Kim Tai-Hyung, Hwang Woon Moon
PURPOSE: To determine the effectiveness of vision therapy among Korean elementary school children with convergence insufficiency. METHODS: A total of 235 elementary schoolchildren, 10.13 ± 2.45 years of age, were subjected to thorough eye examination including binocular vision testing. Of them, 32 individuals with symptomatic convergence insufficiency without strabismus, amblyopia, and ocular disease were chosen to receive vision therapy via brock string, barrel card, mirror stereoscope, prism goggles, and aperture rule for a duration of 8 weeks...
April 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536838/outcomes-of-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-insertion-in-the-management-of-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension-in-children
#4
J Heyman, Ronak Ved, A Amato-Watkins, I Bhatti, J Te Water Naude, F Gibbon, P Leach
PURPOSE: The ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt has become the procedure of choice for treatment of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). We aimed to assess the efficacy of frameless stereotactic placement of VP shunts for the management of medically resistant IIH in children and to assess the role of gender and obesity in the aetiology of the condition. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of the case notes of 10 patients treated surgically at the University Hospital of Wales in Cardiff, from May 2006 to September 2012...
May 23, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528993/comparison-of-cycloplegic-refraction-between-grand-seiko-autorefractor-and-retinomax-autorefractor-in-the-vision-in-preschoolers-hyperopia-in-preschoolers-vip-hip-study
#5
Gui-Shuang Ying, Maureen G Maguire, Marjean Taylor Kulp, Elise Ciner, Bruce Moore, Maxwell Pistilli, Rowan Candy
PURPOSE: To evaluate the agreement of cycloplegic refractive error measures between the Grand Seiko and Retinomax autorefractors in 4- and 5-year-old children. METHODS: Cycloplegic refractive error of children was measured using the Grand Seiko and Retinomax during a comprehensive eye examination. Accommodative error was measured using the Grand Seiko. The differences in sphere, cylinder, spherical equivalent (SE) and intereye vector dioptric distance (VDD) between autorefractors were assessed using the Bland-Altman plot and 95% limits of agreement (95% LoA)...
May 18, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515427/pediatric-vision-screening-using-the-plusoptix-a12c-photoscreener-in-chinese-preschool-children-aged-3-to-4-years
#6
Dan Huang, Xuejuan Chen, Xiaohan Zhang, Yue Wang, Hui Zhu, Hui Ding, Jing Bai, Ji Chen, Zhujun Fu, Zijin Wang, Hu Liu
This study evaluated the performance of plusoptiX A12C in detecting amblyopia risk factors (ARFs) in Chinese children aged 3-to-4-year. PlusoptiX examination was successfully conducted among 1,766 subjects without cycloplegia to detect refractive error, asymmetry and media opacity. Cycloplegic retinoscopy (CR) was conducted on 357 children suspected of having vision abnormalities. Statistical differences between CR and the device were confirmed using the mean spherical value (+1.41 ± 0.87 D versus +1.14 ± 0...
May 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514829/does-hofstetter-s-equation-predict-the-real-amplitude-of-accommodation-in-children
#7
Hassan Hashemi, Payam Nabovati, Mehdi Khabazkhoob, Abbasali Yekta, Mohammad Hassan Emamian, Akbar Fotouhi
PURPOSE: The aim was to determine the distribution and associated factors of accommodative amplitude (AA) in six- to 12-year-old children and compare the results with those calculated using Hofstetter's formula. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study in 2015, random sampling was done from urban and rural populations of Shahroud, northern Iran. Participating schoolchildren were examined for manifest, cycloplegic and subjective refraction, as well as uncorrected vision and visual acuity...
May 17, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511025/co-inheritance-of-the-membrane-frizzled-related-protein-ocular-phenotype-and-glycogen-storage-disease-type-ib
#8
Maha Mameesh, Anuradha Ganesh, Beena Harikrishna, Sana Al Zuhaibi, Patrick Scott, Sami Al Kalbani, Khalid Al Thihli
AIM: To report co-occurrence of two rare recessive conditions, the membrane frizzled-related protein (MFRP)-related ocular phenotype and glycogen storage disease type 1b (GSD-1b), in three siblings in an Omani family. BACKGROUND: Biallelic mutations in the MFRP gene (chromosome 11q23) result in a distinct ocular phenotype characterized by retinitis pigmentosa, foveoschisis, optic nerve head drusen, and posterior microphthalmos. GSD-1b is an autosomal-recessive disorder caused by mutations in SLC37A4 gene located in the same chromosomal region...
May 16, 2017: Ophthalmic Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505034/pediatric-corneal-transplants
#9
Danielle Trief, Maria C Marquezan, Christopher J Rapuano, Christina R Prescott
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Pediatric keratoplasty poses unique challenges in clinical and surgical management. However, successful transplantation can afford a child vision in an otherwise poorly seeing eye. This review will provide an update on recent advances in pediatric keratoplasty. RECENT FINDINGS: Although children who receive corneal transplants remain at increased risk of rejection, infection, and graft dehiscence compared with adult corneal transplant recipients, new surgical techniques, and advances in clinical management have led to better outcomes...
May 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503812/the-difference-between-cycloplegic-and-non-cycloplegic-autorefraction-and-its-association-with-progression-of-refractive-error-in-beijing-urban-children
#10
Zhong Lin, Balamurali Vasudevan, Kenneth J Ciuffreda, Hong Jia Zhou, Guang Yun Mao, Ning Li Wang, Yuan Bo Liang
PURPOSE: To investigate the difference between cycloplegic and non-cycloplegic autorefraction and its association with the progression of refractive error in Beijing urban children. METHODS: A total of 386 children aged 6-17 years were enrolled in the baseline investigation of the Beijing Myopia Progression Study in 2010. They were invited for follow-up vision examinations in the years 2011, 2012, and 2013, including cycloplegic (cyclopentolate 1%, three times) autorefraction...
May 15, 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498303/varicella-zoster-virus-associated-necrotizing-retinitis-after-chickenpox-in-a-10-year-old-female-a-case-report
#11
Yong Un Shin, Jihong Kim, Eun Hee Hong, Jieun Kim, Joo Hyun Sohn, Heeyoon Cho
A necrotizing retinitis in children is a rare but vision threatening ocular complication of chickenpox. We report a 10-year-old girl who developed chickenpox one month before presenting with panuveitis and necrotizing retinitis. After prompt antiviral treatment, her inflammatory signs were resolved. Early detection and treatment of varicellar zoster-associated necrotizing retinitis after chickenpox can achieve good visual outcome.
May 11, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496296/a-systematic-review-of-the-literature-on-parenting-of-young-children-with-visual-impairments-and-the-adaptions-for-video-feedback-intervention-to-promote-positive-parenting-vipp
#12
REVIEW
Ellen G C van den Broek, Ans J P M van Eijden, Mathilde M Overbeek, Sabina Kef, Paula S Sterkenburg, Carlo Schuengel
Secure parent-child attachment may help children to overcome the challenges of growing up with a visual or visual-and-intellectual impairment. A large literature exists that provides a blueprint for interventions that promote parental sensitivity and secure attachment. The Video-feedback Intervention to promote Positive Parenting (VIPP) is based on that blueprint. While it has been adapted to several specific at risk populations, children with visual impairment may require additional adjustments. This study aimed to identify the themes that should be addressed in adapting VIPP and similar interventions...
2017: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495236/fireworks-type-injury-pattern-and-permanent-impairment-following-severe-fireworks-related-injuries
#13
Brinkley K Sandvall, Lauren Jacobson, Erin A Miller, Ryan E Dodge, D Alex Quistberg, Ali Rowhani-Rahbar, Monica S Vavilala, Jeffrey B Friedrich, Kari A Keys
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of clinical data on severe fireworks-related injuries, and the relationship between firework types, injury patterns, and magnitude of impairment is not well understood. Our objective was to describe the relationship between fireworks type, injury patterns, and impairment. METHODS: Retrospective case series (2005-2015) of patients who sustained consumer fireworks-related injuries requiring hospital admission and/or an operation at a Level 1 Trauma/Burn Center...
April 25, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479879/nutritional-status-feeding-practices-and-state-of-other-related-indicators-at-onset-of-a-multi-model-community-nutrition-intervention-program-in-mpigi-district-uganda
#14
Nazarius Mbona Tumwesigye, Florence Basiimwa Tushemerirwe, Richard Kajjura, Victoria Nabunya, Ronald Andrew Naitala, Cissie Namanda
INTRODUCTION: In Uganda, malnutrition level has persistently remained high among the under-fives and this has led NGOs like World Vision, Uganda into finding innovative ways for intervention. This paper presents an assessment of nutrition status and values of related indicators at onset of a community intervention program in four sub-counties of Mpigi district in Central Uganda. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study to provide baseline information for a nutrition intervention...
December 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472231/visual-impairment-in-preschool-children-in-the-united-states-demographic-and-geographic-variations-from-2015-to-2060
#15
Rohit Varma, Kristina Tarczy-Hornoch, Xuejuan Jiang
Importance: Visual impairment (VI) in early childhood can significantly impair development. Objective: To determine demographic and geographic variations in VI in children aged 3 to 5 years in the United States in 2015 and to estimate projected prevalence through 2060. Design, Setting, and Participants: Descriptive study reporting statistics estimated based on prevalence data from 2 major population-based studies conducted in the United States between 2003 and 2011...
May 4, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468070/-on-national-demonstration-areas-a-cluster-analysis
#16
F Mao, Y Y Jiang, W L Dong, N Ji, J Q Dong
Objective: To understand the 'backward' provinces and the relatively poor work among the construction of National Demonstration Area, so as to promote communication and future visions among different regions. Methods: Methods on Cluster analysis were used to compare the development of National Demonstration Area in different provinces, including the coverage of National Demonstration Area and the scores of non-communicable disease (NCDs) prevention and control work based on a standardized indicating system...
April 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457939/the-medical-home-at-50-are-children-with-medical-complexity-the-key-to-proving-its-value
#17
REVIEW
Carlos F Lerner, Thomas S Klitzner
The medical home has been widely promoted as a model of primary care with the potential to transform the healthcare delivery system. Although this model was initially focused on children with chronic conditions, the American Academy of Pediatrics has endorsed a generalization of the model, promoting the statement "Every child deserves a medical home." Recently, other major professional and governmental organizations have embraced this more inclusive vision, and the medical home concept has been promoted in provisions of the Affordable Care Act...
April 27, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457293/r%C3%A3-sultats-pressionnels-et-visuels-%C3%A3-long-terme-de-la-scl%C3%A3-rectomie-profonde-dans-le-glaucome-cong%C3%A3-nital-primitif
#18
Aurore Aziz, Fréderic Matonti, Pierre Lebranchu, Omar Fakhoury, Grégoire Alessi, Emmanuelle Pieri, Danièle Denis
OBJECTIVE: To estimate long term future of pressure and vision of children who underwent DS for CPG. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Children affected by CPG, aged from 1 day to 3 years at the time of the diagnosis were retrospectively included between 1999 and 2014. All benefited from a DS with use of antimetabolites. Preoperative and long-term post-operative intraocular pressures (IOP), per and postoperative complications as well as visual acuity and refractive status were estimated...
April 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457291/normative-pediatric-data-for-three-tests-of-functional-vision
#19
James R Drover, Shelley L Cornick, Darcy Hallett, Ashley Drover, Deanne Mayo, Nadine Kielly
OBJECTIVE: To provide the normative pediatric data for three tests of functional vision. DESIGN: Prospective, cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: The participants were 281 children between 3 and 5 years of age (mean 4.2 ± 0.8 years) participating in a preschool vision screening study. METHODS: Participants completed monocular testing with the Precision Vision Visual Acuity Testing (PVVAT) system, a computerized test of visual acuity...
April 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452406/the-sensitive-period-for-tactile-remapping-does-not-include-early-infancy
#20
Elena Azañón, Karla Camacho, Marta Morales, Matthew R Longo
Visual input during development seems crucial in tactile spatial perception, given that late, but not congenitally, blind people are impaired when skin-based and tactile external representations are in conflict (when crossing the limbs). To test whether there is a sensitive period during which visual input is necessary, 14 children (age = 7.95) and a teenager (LM; age = 17.38) deprived of early vision by cataracts, and whose sight was restored during the first 5 months and at age 7, respectively, were tested...
April 28, 2017: Child Development
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