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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150866/the-minimum-test-battery-to-screen-for-binocular-vision-anomalies-report-3-of-the-band-study
#1
Jameel Rizwana Hussaindeen, Archayeeta Rakshit, Neeraj Kumar Singh, Meenakshi Swaminathan, Ronnie George, Suman Kapur, Mitchell Scheiman, Krishna Kumar Ramani
PURPOSE: This study aims to report the minimum test battery needed to screen non-strabismic binocular vision anomalies (NSBVAs) in a community set-up. When large numbers are to be screened we aim to identify the most useful test battery when there is no opportunity for a more comprehensive and time-consuming clinical examination. METHODS: The prevalence estimates and normative data for binocular vision parameters were estimated from the Binocular Vision Anomalies and Normative Data (BAND) study, following which cut-off estimates and receiver operating characteristic curves to identify the minimum test battery have been plotted...
November 18, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149871/near-work-outdoor-activity-and-myopia-in-children-in-rural-china-the-handan-offspring-myopia-study
#2
Zhong Lin, Tie Ying Gao, Balamurali Vasudevan, Kenneth J Ciuffreda, Yuan Bo Liang, Vishal Jhanji, Su Jie Fan, Wei Han, Ning Li Wang
BACKGROUND: The near work and outdoor activity are the most important environmental risk factors for myopia. However, data from Chinese rural children are relatively rare and remain controversial. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship of both near work and outdoor activities with refractive error in rural children in China. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 572 (65.1%) of 878 children (6-18 years of age) were included from the Handan Offspring Myopia Study (HOMS)...
November 17, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135316/final-visual-outcomes-and-treatment-received-for-children-referred-from-a-uk-primary-school-visual-screening-program-a-comparison-of-an-orthoptic-led-program-with-orthoptic-delivered-services
#3
Tess Garretty
There is little published evidence relating to the final visual acuity of children who are identified as having reduced vision at a school screening program. The school vision screening program in Leeds (led by an orthoptist but delivered by health care support workers within the school nursing team) is examined. RESULTS: 7807 children were screened in school between November 1, 2013, and September 1, 2014. Of these, 319 (4%) failed the screen and were referred to the general optometry service and 547 (7%) were referred to the Children's Community Eye Service (CCES)...
November 14, 2017: Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133646/efficacy-of-1-atropine-eye-drops-in-retarding-progressive-axial-myopia-in-indian-eyes
#4
Mihir Kothari, Vivek Rathod
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to assess the efficacy of 1% atropine eye drops for the retardation of progressive axial myopia in Indian eyes. METHODS: This prospective interventional cohort study included children aged 5-16 years. Both the eyes of myopic children with progressive increase of ≥-0.5D sphere/year with the best-corrected vision of ≥6/6 were treated with once a day application of 1% atropine eye drops and progressive addition photogray lenses...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125446/suprasellar-and-recurrent-pediatric-craniopharyngiomas-expanding-indications-for-the-extended-endoscopic-transsphenoidal-approach
#5
Andrew F Alalade, Elizabeth Ogando-Rivas, Jerome Boatey, Mark M Souweidane, Vijay K Anand, Jeffrey P Greenfield, Theodore H Schwartz
OBJECTIVE The expanded endonasal endoscopic transsphenoidal approach has become increasingly used for craniopharyngioma surgery in the pediatric population, but questions still persist regarding its utility in younger children, in recurrent and irradiated tumors, and in masses primarily located in the suprasellar region. The narrow corridor, incomplete pneumatization, and fear of hypothalamic injury have traditionally relegated this approach to application in older children with mostly cystic craniopharyngiomas centered in the sella...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120894/advances-in-pharmacotherapies-for-movement-disorders-in-children-current-limitations-and-future-progress
#6
Jean-Pierre Lin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In childhood, movement disorders are generated by a very large number of disorders of the nervous system, and the very different developmental ages at which these occur make studies of pharmacotherapy efficacy extremely difficult. In most clinical practices, medication used in management is by trial and error, and limited by lack of efficacy and/or adverse drug reactions leading to drug intolerance. Nevertheless, symptom reduction using polypharmacy must be balanced against any accompanying comorbidities such as poor attention and concentration, constipation, ileus, urinary retention, blurred vision sedation and respiratory depression...
December 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120316/weighing-in-on-canadian-school-based-vision-screening-a-call-for-action
#7
Katie P Bennett, Wendy Maloney
Vision-screening programs are designed to detect common causes of visual impairment and increase the likelihood of early diagnosis and treatment. In the health authority Eastern Health - Newfoundland and Labrador, public health leaders raised a concern about the efficiency and effectiveness of the current non-routine, opportunistic vision screening protocol for school-aged children. An environmental scan of screening practices and programs across Canada was conducted, yielding a wide range of inconsistencies with respect to program type, target population, and screening tools...
November 9, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112914/motor-imagery-development-and-proprioceptive-integration-which-sensory-reweighting-during-childhood
#8
Jessica Guilbert, François Jouen, Michèle Molina
It is widely accepted that motor imagery development during childhood may be due to refinement of internal models of action. At the same time, gradual improvement of predictive motor control in children may reflect an increasing ability to integrate the proprioceptive afferences with other sources of sensory information (especially vision). The current study investigated the extent to which motor imagery refinement observed between 5 and 9 years of age was related to the increasing ability to integrate proprioceptive afferences with vision and audition signals...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110702/partially-absorbed-cataractous-lens-in-the-anterior-chamber-revealing-neglected-severe-ocular-contusion-a-case-report
#9
Viola Andin Dohvoma, Steve Robert Ebana Mvogo, Pepin Williams Atipo-Tsiba, Emilienne Epee, Paul Jean Adrien Atangana, Samuel Amvene Nko'o, Côme Ebana Mvogo
BACKGROUND: Ocular contusion can produce severe lesions, which if not treated appropriately and promptly, can lead to visual impairment. Ocular contusion in childhood may not be reported by children. CASE PRESENTATION: A 27 year old female presented with a partially absorbed cataractous lens that was dislocated into the anterior chamber of her left eye. There was mild anterior chamber reaction. She reported no history of ocular trauma; but associated findings and further investigations were in favour of a post-traumatic aetiology...
November 6, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105728/tests-for-detecting-strabismus-in-children-aged-1-to-6-years-in-the-community
#10
REVIEW
Sarah Hull, Vijay Tailor, Sara Balduzzi, Jugnoo Rahi, Christine Schmucker, Gianni Virgili, Annegret Dahlmann-Noor
BACKGROUND: Strabismus (misalignment of the eyes) is a risk factor for impaired visual development both of visual acuity and of stereopsis. Detection of strabismus in the community by non-expert examiners may be performed using a number of different index tests that include direct measures of misalignment (corneal or fundus reflex tests), or indirect measures such as stereopsis and visual acuity. The reference test to detect strabismus by trained professionals is the cover‒uncover test...
November 6, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103354/mobile-technology-dominates-school-children-s-it-use-in-an-advantaged-school-community-and-is-associated-with-musculoskeletal-and-vision-symptoms
#11
Leon Straker, Courtenay Harris, John Joosten, Erin K Howie
This paper describes contemporary use of information technology devices by children in a socio-educationally advantaged school. A sample of 924 children (50% girls) from grades 5 to 12 (ages 10 to 19 years) completed an online survey in class. Total daily technology use was high and similar for girls and boys (mean 219(SD 148) mins/day; boys 207(142); t=-1.32; p=.186). Tablet computer was the dominant device used in grades 5 to 9, with laptop computer the dominant device in grades 10 to 12. Patterns of exposure were influenced by gender, device, grade and purpose of use interactions...
November 6, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098975/-the-impasse-known-as-adhd
#12
A M Ruissen
There are two extreme views within psychiatry when it comes to etiopathogenesis. At one extreme is the naturalistic vision; at the other extreme is a perception of psychiatric diagnoses as social constructions. There are also different perspectives on ADHD: historical, social, psychological and neurobiological. In this article, I will try to find a position between the two extremes to sketch the context of the current ADHD debate from the different perspectives. I conclude that a one-sided neurobiological view of ADHD lacks adequate foundation; it does not support the psychiatrist who is struggling with complicated ADHD issues in daily practice, and does not respond adequately to the very real problems of the people concerned and their families...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097987/multisensory-rehabilitation-training-improves-spatial-perception-in-totally-but-not-partially-visually-deprived-children
#13
Giulia Cappagli, Sara Finocchietti, Gabriel Baud-Bovy, Elena Cocchi, Monica Gori
Since it has been shown that spatial development can be delayed in blind children, focused sensorimotor trainings that associate auditory and motor information might be used to prevent the risk of spatial-related developmental delays or impairments from an early age. With this aim, we proposed a new technological device based on the implicit link between action and perception: ABBI (Audio Bracelet for Blind Interaction) is an audio bracelet that produces a sound when a movement occurs by allowing the substitution of the visuo-motor association with a new audio-motor association...
2017: Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096178/association-between-fine-motor-skills-and-binocular-visual-function-in-children-with-reading-difficulties
#14
Ewa Niechwiej-Szwedo, Fatimah Alramis, Lisa W Christian
Performance of fine motor skills (FMS) assessed by a clinical test battery has been associated with reading achievement in school-age children. However, the nature of this association remains to be established. The aim of this study was to assess FMS in children with reading difficulties using two experimental tasks, and to determine if performance is associated with reduced binocular function. We hypothesized that in comparison to an age- and sex-matched control group, children identified with reading difficulties will perform worse only on a motor task that has been shown to rely on binocular input...
October 27, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095938/challenges-to-code-status-discussions-for-pediatric-patients
#15
Katherine E Kruse, Jason Batten, Melissa L Constantine, Saraswati Kache, David Magnus
OBJECTIVES: In the context of serious or life-limiting illness, pediatric patients and their families are faced with difficult decisions surrounding appropriate resuscitation efforts in the event of a cardiopulmonary arrest. Code status orders are one way to inform end-of-life medical decision making. The objectives of this study are to evaluate the extent to which pediatric providers have knowledge of code status options and explore the association of provider role with (1) knowledge of code status options, (2) perception of timing of code status discussions, (3) perception of family receptivity to code status discussions, and (4) comfort carrying out code status discussions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090597/primary-care-implementation-of-instrument-based-vision-screening-for-young-children
#16
Louis Vernacchio, Emily K Trudell, Jason Nigrosh, Glenn Focht
Vision screening for young children can detect conditions that may lead to amblyopia and vision loss if left untreated. Portable vision screening devices with high levels of precision are now available, but their effectiveness in busy primary care settings is unknown. We analyzed the effect of deploying instrument screening devices (SPOT Vision Screener, Welch-Allyn) in 19 pediatric practices. At baseline, using chart-based screening, 65.3% of 3- to 5-year-old children completed screening. A significant increase was observed starting 3 weeks after delivery of devices, and a stable level was reached 12 weeks after implementation, with 86...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082097/there-is-more-to-accommodation-of-the-eye-than-simply-minimizing-retinal-blur
#17
I Marín-Franch, A J Del Águila-Carrasco, P Bernal-Molina, J J Esteve-Taboada, N López-Gil, R Montés-Micó, P B Kruger
Eyes of children and young adults change their optical power to focus nearby objects at the retina. But does accommodation function by trial and error to minimize blur and maximize contrast as is generally accepted? Three experiments in monocular and monochromatic vision were performed under two conditions while aberrations were being corrected. In the first condition, feedback was available to the eye from both optical vergence and optical blur. In the second, feedback was only available from target blur. Accommodation was less precise for the second condition, suggesting that it is more than a trial-and-error function...
October 1, 2017: Biomedical Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080033/challenges-and-successful-pedagogical-strategies-experiences-from-six-swedish-students-with-blindness-and-autism-in-different-school-settings
#18
Kim de Verdier, Elisabeth Fernell, Ulla Ek
The prevalence of autism in children with blindness is much higher than in the general population. There are many challenges regarding the school situation for children with this complex dual disability. This study explored challenges and successful strategies in school for a sample of six Swedish children with blindness and autism, with and without intellectual disability, through qualitative interviews with students, teachers and parents. All students displayed executive functioning deficits, and the teaching situation entailed several challenges...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075228/the-differential-effects-of-attentional-focus-in-children-with-moderate-and-profound-visual-impairments
#19
Scott W T McNamara, Kevin A Becker, Lisa M Silliman-French
It has been consistently reported that an external focus of attention leads to better motor performance than an internal focus, but no research to date has explored this effect in a population with visual impairments (VI). External focus statements typically reference something in the environment (e.g., target) that may be difficult to conceptualize for people with VI since they cannot generate a visual representation of the object of focus. Internal focus statements could be more closely identifiable with proprioception that is not impaired in this population...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075018/impact-of-healthcare-strategies-on-patterns-of-paediatric-sight-impairment-in-a-developed-population-1984-2011
#20
K Shirley, S Chamney, P Satkurunathan, S McLoone, E McLoone
PurposeThe aim of our study was to analyse paediatric sight-impairment trends in Northern Ireland (NI) over a 28-year period to better understand the impact which changes in health-care provision may be having on childhood blindness and to enable us to assess our progress towards achieving the World Health Organisation (WHO) aims.MethodsA database of Certificates of Visual Impairment completed for NI children aged <16 years was used to determine the cause of sight impairment from 1984 to 2011. Causes were classified into preventable or treatable conditions and analysed for trends...
November 2017: Eye
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