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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678978/community-based-diagnosis-of-non-communicable-diseases-and-their-risk-factors-in-rural-and-urban-haiti-a-cross-sectional-prevalence-study
#1
Vincent DeGennaro, Stuart Malcolm, Lindsay Crompton, Krishna Vaddiparti, Lazarus K Mramba, Catherine Striley, Linda Cottler, Kellee Taylor, Robert Leverence
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of hypertension, diabetes and chronic kidney disease and their risk factors in a rural and urban region of Haiti. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Community health workers enumerated 2648 households (909 rural and 1739 urban) via a multistage cluster random sampling method from July 2015 to May 2016, completed 705 rural and 1419 urban assessments for adults aged 25-65 years. OUTCOME MEASURES: We performed a WHO STEPS based questionnaire, measured two blood pressure values, weight, height, abdominal circumference and point of care test finger stick blood sample for haemoglobin A1c, creatinine and cholesterol (total, high density lipoprotein (HDL) and triglycerides)...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678156/development-and-validation-of-pozqol-a-scale-to-assess-quality-of-life-of-plhiv
#2
Graham Brown, Gosia Mikołajczak, Anthony Lyons, Jennifer Power, Fraser Drummond, Aaron Cogle, Brent Allan, Craig Cooper, Simon O'Connor
BACKGROUND: Advances in medical treatment for HIV are driving major changes in HIV policy and practice, including the encouragement of intake and adherence to HIV antiretroviral treatment (ART) by people living with HIV (PLHIV) for both personal and public health benefits. However, there is increasing recognition that achieving these goals will require a concurrent focus on the broader psychological and social wellbeing of PLHIV. Increasingly calls are being been made to incorporate a stronger focus on quality of life (QoL) of PLHIV into HIV prevention policy...
April 20, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678073/a-decision-support-tool-for-healthcare-professionals-in-the-management-of-hyperphosphatemia-in-hemodialysis
#3
Sisse H Laursen, Amanda A Buus, Lisbet Brandi, Peter Vestergaard, Ole K Hejlesen
Hyperphosphatemia is known as one of the more challenging conditions in end-stage renal disease patients. This study set out to present and evaluate a healthcare-oriented decision support tool in the management of hyperphosphatemia within hemodialysis therapy. A prototype module was designed to fit into the interface of a modern dialysis machine (Fresenius 5008). The prototype included three main functions: 1) immediate bedside blood sample access, 2) a model based prognosis tool with estimates of P-phosphate and 3) an overview of the user's phosphate related activities during dialysis treatments...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678029/how-can-information-and-communication-technology-improve-healthcare-inequalities-and-healthcare-inequity-the-concept-of-context-driven-care
#4
Kwang Chien Yee, Silvana Bettiol, Rosie Nash, Kate Macintyrne, Ming Chao Wong, Christian Nøhr
Advances in medicine have improved health and healthcare for many around the world. The challenge is achieving the best outcomes of health via healthcare delivery to every individual. Healthcare inequalities exist within a country and between countries. Health information technology (HIT) has provided a mean to deliver equal access to healthcare services regardless of social context and physical location. In order to achieve better health outcomes for every individual, socio-cultural factors, such as literacy and social context need to consider...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677962/the-re-relaunching-of-the-dmp-the-french-shared-medical-record-new-features-to-improve-uptake-and-use
#5
Brigitte Séroussi, Jacques Bouaud
Health care delivery for patients with chronic conditions is complex and confusing. Care is often fragmented, less effective, and sometimes harmful. Given the potential for EHRs and other health IT systems to facilitate information flow between providers, patients, and settings, health IT-based measures are of particular interest for care coordination. Health information exchange (HIE) has the potential to improve the quality of healthcare by enabling providers with better access to patient information from multiple sources at the point of care...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677955/compatibility-between-metadata-standards-import-pipeline-of-cdisc-odm-to-the-samply-mdr
#6
Ann-Kristin Kock-Schoppenhauer, Hannes Ulrich, Stefanie Wagen-Zink, Petra Duhm-Harbeck, Josef Ingenerf, Philipp Neuhaus, Martin Dugas, Philipp Bruland
The establishment of a digital healthcare system is a national and community task. The Federal Ministry of Education and Research in Germany is providing funding for consortia consisting of university hospitals among others participating in the "Medical Informatics Initiative". Exchange of medical data between research institutions necessitates a place where meta information for this data is made accessible. Within these consortia different metadata registry solutions were chosen. To promote interoperability between these solutions, we have examined whether the portal of Medical Data Models is eligible for managing and communicating metadata and relevant information across different data integration centres of the Medical Informatics Initiative and beyond...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676715/-european-reference-networks-for-rare-diseases
#7
J R Vos, W A G van Zelst-Stams, N Hoogerbrugge
Approximately one million patients in the Netherlands and 27-36 million patients in Europe have one of the 5,000-8,000 known rare diseases. These patients often do not receive the care they need or with a substantial delay from diagnosis to treatment. As of March 2017, 24 European Reference Networks (ERNs) were launched with the aim to improve the care for these patients through cross-border healthcare, where in principle the knowledge travels and not the patient. It is expected that through the ERNs, European patients with a rare disease get more often and more quickly access to expert care and that it will accelerate guideline development and research...
2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676608/exercise-is-medicine-student-pharmacists-perceptions-and-knowledge-of-exercise-prescription
#8
Amie J Dirks-Naylor, Carrie L Griffiths, Mark A Bush
With healthcare costs on the rise, a global initiative was launched in 2007, called Exercise is Medicine, to prescribe and counsel patients on exercise to aid in the prevention and treatment of chronic diseases. Since community pharmacists are one of the most accessible healthcare providers, this is an opportunity for pharmacists to also engage in this initiative. This study aimed to assess pharmacy student perceptions and knowledge on exercise to determine whether they are adequately prepared to counsel patients on exercise prescription...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676539/past-and-current-status-of-adult-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-management-in-korea-a-national-health-insurance-service-database-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Seung Hyun Ko, Kyungdo Han, Yong Ho Lee, Junghyun Noh, Cheol Young Park, Dae Jung Kim, Chang Hee Jung, Ki Up Lee, Kyung Soo Ko
Korea's National Healthcare Program, the National Health Insurance Service (NHIS), a government-affiliated agency under the Korean Ministry of Health and Welfare, covers the entire Korean population. The NHIS supervises all medical services in Korea and establishes a systematic National Health Information database (DB). A health information DB system including all of the claims, medications, death information, and health check-ups, both in the general population and in patients with various diseases, is not common worldwide...
April 2018: Diabetes & Metabolism Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674364/health-and-prevention-enhancement-h-peace-a-retrospective-population-based-cohort-study-conducted-at-the-seoul-national-university-hospital-gangnam-center-korea
#10
Changhyun Lee, Eun Kyung Choe, Ji Min Choi, Yunji Hwang, Young Lee, Boram Park, Su Jin Chung, Min-Sun Kwak, Jong-Eun Lee, Joo Sung Kim, Sue Kyung Park, Sang-Heon Cho
PURPOSE: The Health and Prevention Enhancement (H-PEACE) study was designed to investigate the association of diagnostic imaging results, biomarkers and the predisease stage of non-communicable diseases (NCDs), such as malignancies and metabolic diseases, in an average-risk population in Korea. PARTICIPANTS: This study enrolled a large-scale retrospective cohort at the Healthcare System Gangnam Center, Seoul National University Hospital, from October 2003 to December 2014...
April 19, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674175/social-networking-sites-sns-as-a-tool-for-midwives-to-enhance-social-capital-for-adolescent-mothers
#11
Samantha Nolan, Joyce Hendricks, Moira Williamson, Sally Ferguson
OBJECTIVE: to explore ways in which midwives can enhance the support provided by social networking sites for adolescent mothers. DESIGN: a narrative approach was employed to guide the research design and processes. Approval was obtained from Edith Cowan University human ethics department. SETTING: focus groups and interviews were undertaken with adolescent mothers and midwives in Western Australia. FINDINGS: the four key themes identified across both groups were validation by midwives, importance of ownership, enhanced community connections and the importance of guideline development...
April 3, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673686/the-impact-of-demographic-health-related-and-social-factors-on-dental-services-utilization-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Seif Magdy Reda, Joachim Krois, Sophie Franziska Reda, William Murray Thomson, Falk Schwendicke
OBJECTIVES: Regular and/or preventive dental services utilization is an indicator of healthcare access and associated with improved health outcomes. We assessed the proportion of individuals regularly/preventively utilizing dental services, and how this was affected by demographic, health-related and social factors. SOURCES: Three electronic databases (Medline, Embase, Central) were searched (2005-2017). STUDY SELECTION: We included observational studies investigating the association between preventive/regular dental service utilization and age, oral and general health, edentulism, family structure and health literacy...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673617/reasons-for-substance-use-continuation-and-discontinuation-during-pregnancy-a-qualitative-study
#13
Kiri A Latuskie, Naomi C Z Andrews, Mary Motz, Tom Leibson, Zubin Austin, Shinya Ito, Debra J Pepler
BACKGROUND: Substance use during pregnancy is a major public health concern, stemming from potential physical and psychosocial harms to both the mother and child. PURPOSE: To understand women's experiences using substances during pregnancy and the reasons that women continue and/or discontinue using substances. METHODS: Focus groups were conducted with women who attended an early intervention program for pregnant or parenting women with substance use issues...
April 16, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673599/examining-barriers-to-healthcare-providers-adoption-of-a-hospital-wide-electronic-patient-journey-board
#14
Amina Tariq, Melissa Baysari, Claus H Pedersen, Mie V Andersen, Malene M Larsen, Majid Shahi, Alexander Beveridge, Johanna Westbrook
BACKGROUND: The dynamic environment that characterizes patient care in hospitals requires extensive communication between staff. Electronic status board applications are used to improve the flow of communication in hospitals. To date there has been limited work exploring the adoption of these applications in general acute ward settings. AIM: This study aimed to identify barriers to the adoption of an electronic patient journey board (EPJB)1 application in acute wards of a hospital...
June 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673367/comparing-the-importance-of-quality-measurement-themes-in-juvenile-idiopathic-inflammatory-myositis-between-patients-and-families-and-healthcare-professionals
#15
Heather O Tory, Ruy Carrasco, Thomas Griffin, Adam M Huber, Philip Kahn, Angela Byun Robinson, David Zurakowski, Susan Kim
BACKGROUND: A standardized set of quality measures for juvenile idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (JIIM) is not in use. Discordance has been shown between the importance ascribed to quality measures between patients and families and physicians. The objective of this study was to assess and compare the importance of various aspects of high quality care to patients with JIIM and their families with healthcare providers, to aid in future development of comprehensive quality measures. METHODS: Surveys were developed by members of the Childhood Arthritis and Rheumatology Research Alliance (CARRA) Juvenile Dermatomyositis Workgroup through a consensus process and administered to patients and families through the CureJM Foundation and to healthcare professionals through CARRA...
April 19, 2018: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673272/critical-issues-in-men-s-mental-health
#16
Dan Bilsker, Andrea S Fogarty, Matthew A Wakefield
This narrative review highlights key issues in men's mental health and identifies approaches to research, policy and practice that respond to men's styles of coping. Issues discussed are: 1) the high incidence of male suicide (80% of suicide deaths in Canada, with a peak in the mid-50 s age group) accompanied by low public awareness; 2) the perplexing nature of male depression, manifesting in forms that are poorly recognised by current diagnostic approaches and thus poorly treated; 3) the risky use of alcohol among men, again common and taking a huge toll on mental and physical health; 4) the characteristic ways in which men manage psychological suffering, the coping strengths to be recognised, and the gaps to be addressed; 5) the underutilization of mental health services by men, and the implication for clinical outcomes; and 6) male-specific approaches to service provision designed to improve men's accessing of care, with an emphasis on Canadian programs...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673134/evaluation-of-patient-and-medical-staff-satisfaction-regarding-healthcare-services-in-wuhan-public-hospitals
#17
Runtang Meng, Jingjing Li, Yunquan Zhang, Yong Yu, Yi Luo, Xiaohan Liu, Yanxia Zhao, Yuantao Hao, Ying Hu, Chuanhua Yu
Satisfaction evaluation is widely used in healthcare systems to improve healthcare service quality to obtain better health outcomes. The aim of this study was to measure employee work satisfaction and patient satisfaction status in Wuhan, China. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 14 medical institutions. The final valid sample comprised a total of 696 medical staff and 668 patients. The overall satisfaction levels of medical staff and patients were 58.28 ± 14.60 (10.47–100.00) and 65...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672843/challenges-faced-in-rural-hospitals-the-experiences-of-nurse-managers-in-uganda
#18
T A Kakyo, L D Xiao
AIM: The aim of this study was to understand nurse ward managers perceived challenges in the rural healthcare setting in Uganda. BACKGROUND: The health workforce, essential medicines and equipment and political unrest are the main factors affecting the international community in addressing the hefty disease burden in World Health Organization African regions. Nurse ward managers have an important role to play to mitigate these factors in health facilities in these regions through leadership, supervision and support for staff...
April 19, 2018: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672524/point-of-care-tests-for-syphilis-and-yaws-in-a-low-income-setting-a-qualitative-study-of-healthcare-worker-and-patient-experiences
#19
Michael Marks, Tommy Esau, Rowena Asugeni, Relmah Harrington, Jason Diau, Hilary Toloka, James Asugeni, Eimhin Ansbro, Anthony W Solomon, David Maclaren, Michelle Redman-Maclaren, David C W Mabey
INTRODUCTION: The human treponematoses comprise venereal syphilis and the three non-venereal or endemic treponematoses yaws, bejel, and pinta. Serological assays remain the most common diagnostic method for all treponemal infections. Point-of-care tests (POCTs) for syphilis and yaws allow testing without further development of infrastructure in populations where routine laboratory facilities are not available. Alongside the test's performance characteristics assessed through diagnostic evaluation, it is important to consider broader issues when rolling out a POCT...
April 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672164/trends-in-enteral-access-placement-among-patients-with-oral-clefts-evaluation-of-46-617-patient-admissions
#20
Thanapoom Boonipat, Nicholas S Adams, Allen L Shoemaker, Robert J Mann, John W Polley, John A Girotto
OBJECTIVE: It is well known that patients with oral clefts have challenges with feeding. Enteral feeding access, in the form of gastrostomy, is often utilized to supplement or replace oral intake. Although commonly performed, these procedures have reported complication rates as high as 83%. We intend to discover rates of enteral access in patients with oral clefts and report-related outcomes. DESIGN: The Healthcare Cost Utilization Project Kids' Inpatient Database from 2000 to 2012 was analyzed using patients with oral clefts and enteral access procedures...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
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