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Technology acceptance model

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635964/elastically-driven-intermittent-microscopic-dynamics-in-soft-solids
#1
Mehdi Bouzid, Jader Colombo, Lucas Vieira Barbosa, Emanuela Del Gado
Soft solids with tunable mechanical response are at the core of new material technologies, but a crucial limit for applications is their progressive aging over time, which dramatically affects their functionalities. The generally accepted paradigm is that such aging is gradual and its origin is in slower than exponential microscopic dynamics, akin to the ones in supercooled liquids or glasses. Nevertheless, time- and space-resolved measurements have provided contrasting evidence: dynamics faster than exponential, intermittency and abrupt structural changes...
June 21, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625892/consumers-acceptance-of-medicinal-herbs-an-application-of-the-technology-acceptance-model-tam
#2
Nargesh Khatun Jokar, Seyyed Ali Noorhosseini, Mohammad Sadegh Allahyari, Christos A Damalas
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The shift in consumers' preferences from synthetic to 'natural' products has led to a resurgence of interest in medicinal plants, particularly in developing countries. However, research data about consumers' preferences for particular products is hard to find. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The main objective of this study was to contribute to the general understanding of consumers' intention for selecting medicinal herbs for consumption. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Factors underpinning consumers' acceptance of medicinal herbs were studied with the technology acceptance model (TAM) in Rasht City of Iran using a structured questionnaire...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615754/telepsychiatry-in-india-where-do-we-stand-a-comparative-review-between-global-and-indian-telepsychiatry-programs
#3
REVIEW
Subrata Naskar, Robin Victor, Himabrata Das, Kamal Nath
A wide discrepancy exists in India between the existing mental healthcare repertoire and the alarmingly high burden of individuals requiring immediate attention from requisite mental healthcare services. Providing equitable mental healthcare across a vast country characterized by profound cultural variations and territorial caveats has remained a major public health concern. Against this gloomy backdrop, the emergence of distant communications technology offers solace and optimism as an ingenious approach to bridge the existing gap between clients and mental health professionals...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609143/use-of-videoconferencing-for-lactation-consultation-an-online-cross-sectional-survey-of-mothers-acceptance-in-the-united-states
#4
Mona F Habibi, Cary M Springer, Marsha L Spence, Melissa B Hansen-Petrik, Katherine F Kavanagh
BACKGROUND: Suboptimal breastfeeding duration and exclusivity rates are a public health concern. Therefore, there is a need for identifying effective tools for use in interventions targeting specific barriers to optimal breastfeeding outcomes. Research aim: This study aimed to assess the relationship between acceptance of remote lactation consultation using videoconferencing and (a) maternal demographic factors, (b) technology acceptance subscales, (c) maternal learning style preferences, and (d) other potentially explanatory maternal factors...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592258/pathways-linking-car-transport-for-young-adults-and-the-public-health-in-northern-ireland-a-qualitative-study-to-inform-the-evaluation-of-graduated-driver-licensing
#5
Nicola Christie, Rebecca Steinbach, Judith Green, M Patricia Mullan, Lindsay Prior
BACKGROUND: Novice drivers are at relatively high risk of road traffic injury. There is good evidence that Graduated Driving Licensing (GDL) schemes reduce collisions rates, by reducing exposure to risk and by extending learning periods. Legislation for a proposed scheme in Northern Ireland was passed in 2016, providing an opportunity for future evaluation of the full public health impacts of a scheme in a European context within a natural experiment. This qualitative study was designed to inform the logic model for such an evaluation, and provide baseline qualitative data on the role of private cars in health and wellbeing...
June 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591218/when-is-genetic-modification-socially-acceptable-when-used-to-advance-human-health-through-avenues-other-than-food
#6
Nicole J Olynk Widmar, S R Dominick, Wallace E Tyner, Audrey Ruple
Given the potential for genetic modification (GM) to impact human health, via food and health mechanisms, a greater understanding of the social acceptance of GM is necessary to facilitate improved health outcomes. This analysis sought to quantify U.S. residents' acceptance of GM across five potential uses (grain production, fruit or vegetable production, livestock production, human medicine, and human health, i.e. disease vector control) and provides an in-depth analysis of a timely case study-the Zika virus (ZIKV)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587640/using-technology-to-engage-hospitalised-patients-in-their-care-a-realist-review
#7
Shelley Roberts, Wendy Chaboyer, Ruben Gonzalez, Andrea Marshall
BACKGROUND: Patient participation in health care is associated with improved outcomes for patients and hospitals. New technologies are creating vast potential for patients to participate in care at the bedside. Several studies have explored patient use, satisfaction and perceptions of health information technology (HIT) interventions in hospital. Understanding what works for whom, under what conditions, is important when considering interventions successfully engaging patients in care...
June 6, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578759/cost-savings-from-a-teledentistry-model-for-school-dental-screening-an-australian-health-system-perspective
#8
Mohamed Estai, Stuart Bunt, Yogesan Kanagasingam, Marc Tennant
Objective The aim of the present study was to compare the costs of teledentistry and traditional dental screening approaches in Australian school children.Methods A cost-minimisation analysis was performed from the perspective of the oral health system, comparing the cost of dental screening in school children using a traditional visual examination approach with the cost of mid-level dental practitioners (MLDPs), such as dental therapists, screening the same cohort of children remotely using teledentistry. A model was developed to simulate the costs (over a 12-month period) of the two models of dental screening for all school children (2...
June 5, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567170/acceptability-among-community-healthcare-nurses-of-intelligent-wireless-sensor-system-technology-for-the-rapid-detection-of-health-issues-in-home-dwelling-older-adults
#9
Christine Cohen, Thomas Kampel, Henk Verloo
BACKGROUND: The effective care and support of community healthcare nurses (CHNs) contribute greatly to the healthy aging of older adults living at home. Integrating innovative technologies into CHNs' daily practice offers new opportunities and perspectives for early detection of health issues and interventions among home-dwelling older adults. AIM: To explore the perception of acceptability among CHNs of an intelligent wireless sensor system (IWSS) for use in daily practice for the detection of health issues in home-dwelling older adults receiving home healthcare...
2017: Open Nursing Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553935/multiplexed-ion-beam-imaging-analysis-for-quantitation-of-protein-expresssion-in-cancer-tissue-sections
#10
Sandra Rost, Jennifer Giltnane, Jennifer M Bordeaux, Chuck Hitzman, Hartmut Koeppen, Scot D Liu
Part of developing therapeutics is the need to identify patients who will respond to treatment. For HER2-targeted therapies, such as trastuzumab, the expression level of HER2 is used to identify patients likely to receive benefit from therapy. Currently, chromogenic immunohistochemistry on patient tumor tissue is one of the methodologies used to assess the expression level of HER2 to determine eligibility for trastuzumab. However, chromogenic staining is fraught with serious drawbacks that influence scoring, which is additionally flawed due to the subjective nature of human/pathologist bias...
May 29, 2017: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553494/molecular-dynamics-and-charge-transport-in-organic-semiconductors-a-classical-approach-to-modeling-electron-transfer
#11
Kenley M Pelzer, Álvaro Vázquez-Mayagoitia, Laura E Ratcliff, Sergei Tretiak, Raymond A Bair, Stephen K Gray, Troy Van Voorhis, Ross E Larsen, Seth B Darling
Organic photovoltaics (OPVs) are a promising carbon-neutral energy conversion technology, with recent improvements pushing power conversion efficiencies over 10%. A major factor limiting OPV performance is inefficiency of charge transport in organic semiconducting materials (OSCs). Due to strong coupling with lattice degrees of freedom, the charges form polarons, localized quasi-particles comprised of charges dressed with phonons. These polarons can be conceptualized as pseudo-atoms with a greater effective mass than a bare charge...
April 1, 2017: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552661/30years-of-dxa-technology-innovations
#12
Claus-C Glüer
As the successor of Dual Photon Absorptiometry (DPA), Dual X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA) has seen 30years of continuous technological innovations. Implementation of measures for standardization and quality assurance made DXA a reliable and clinically useful approach. Its use in clinical multicenter drug studies in osteoporosis lead to general acceptance as the standard technique of bone densitometry. The limitations of DXA are well established. As a measure of areal bone mineral density (aBMD) it depends on bone size and is biased by overlaying soft tissue and calcified structures...
May 24, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551152/global-approach-for-the-validation-of-an-in-line-raman-spectroscopic-method-to-determine-the-api-content-in-real-time-during-a-hot-melt-extrusion-process
#13
L Netchacovitch, J Thiry, C De Bleye, E Dumont, J Cailletaud, P-Y Sacré, B Evrard, Ph Hubert, E Ziemons
Since the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) published a guidance based on the Process Analytical Technology (PAT) approach, real-time analyses during manufacturing processes are in real expansion. In this study, in-line Raman spectroscopic analyses were performed during a Hot-Melt Extrusion (HME) process to determine the Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient (API) content in real-time. The method was validated based on a univariate and a multivariate approach and the analytical performances of the obtained models were compared...
August 15, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550592/certolizumab-pegol-for-treating-rheumatoid-arthritis-following-inadequate-response-to-a-tnf-%C3%AE-inhibitor-an-evidence-review-group-perspective-of-a-nice-single-technology-appraisal
#14
REVIEW
Iñigo Bermejo, Matt Stevenson, Rachel Archer, John W Stevens, Edward Goka, Mark Clowes, David L Scott, Adam Young
As part of its single technology appraisal (STA) process, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) invited the manufacturer (UCB Pharma) of certolizumab pegol (CZP; Cimzia(®)) to submit evidence of its clinical and cost effectiveness for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) following inadequate response to a tumour necrosis factor-α inhibitor (TNFi). The School of Health and Related Research Technology Appraisal Group at the University of Sheffield was commissioned to act as the independent Evidence Review Group (ERG)...
May 26, 2017: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543645/reflections-on-the-national-bioethics-advisory-commission-and-models-of-public-bioethics
#15
James F Childress
The National Bioethics Advisory Commission, of which I was a member, was established by a 1995 executive order that identified its "first priority" as "the protection of the rights and welfare of human research subjects." Not surprisingly, then, most of NBAC's work focused on research involving human subjects or participants. A second priority concerned "issues in the management and use of genetics information, including but not limited to, human gene patenting." NBAC's charter (in contrast to the executive order) listed this charge as "part B" of the "first priority...
May 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541890/event-triggered-model-predictive-control-for-embedded-artificial-pancreas-systems
#16
Ankush Chakrabarty, Stamatina Zavitsanou, Francis Doyle Iii, Eyal Dassau
OBJECTIVE: The development of artificial pancreas (AP) technology for deployment in low-energy, embedded devices is contingent upon selecting an efficient control algorithm for regulating glucose in people with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). In this paper, we aim to lower the energy consumption of the AP by reducing controller updates, that is, the number of times the decision-making algorithm is invoked to compute an appropriate insulin dose. METHODS: Physiological insights into glucose management are leveraged to design an event-triggered model predictive controller (MPC) that operates efficiently, without compromising patient safety...
May 23, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540402/a-qualitative-evaluation-of-breast-cancer-survivors-acceptance-of-and-preferences-for-consumer-wearable-technology-activity-trackers
#17
Nga H Nguyen, Nyssa T Hadgraft, Melissa M Moore, Dori E Rosenberg, Chris Lynch, Marina M Reeves, Brigid M Lynch
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity and sedentary behaviour are common amongst breast cancer survivors. These behaviours are associated with an increased risk of comorbidities such as heart disease, diabetes and other cancers. Commercially available, wearable activity trackers (WATs) have potential utility as behavioural interventions to increase physical activity and reduce sedentary behaviour within this population. PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to explore the acceptability and usability of consumer WAT amongst postmenopausal breast cancer survivors...
May 24, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537211/a-study-on-students-acceptance-of-mobile-phone-use-to-seek-health-information-in-south-africa
#18
Liezel Cilliers, Kim Lee-Anne Viljoen, Willie Tafadzwa Chinyamurindi
BACKGROUND: In South Africa, inequitable access to healthcare information has made many young people with limited resources more vulnerable to health risks. Mobile phones present a unique opportunity to address this problem due to the high penetration of mobile phones in South Africa and the popularity of these devices among young adults. OBJECTIVE: This research sought to examine the adoption of mobile phones to access health information among students at a traditional university in the Eastern Cape, South Africa...
January 1, 2017: HIM Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512680/a-novel-idea-to-improve-cardiac-output-of-mechanical-circulatory-support-devices-by-optimizing-kinetic-energy-transfer-available-in-forward-moving-aortic-blood-flow
#19
Muhammad B Qureshi, Jacob Glower, Daniel L Ewert, Steven C Koenig
Mechanical circulatory support devices (MCSDs) have gained widespread clinical acceptance as an effective heart failure (HF) therapy. The concept of harnessing the kinetic energy (KE) available in the forward aortic flow (AOF) is proposed as a novel control strategy to further increase the cardiac output (CO) provided by MCSDs. A complete mathematical development of the proposed theory and its application to an example MCSDs (two-segment extra-aortic cuff) are presented. To achieve improved device performance and physiologic benefit, the example MCSD timing is regulated to maximize the forward AOF KE and minimize retrograde flow...
June 2017: Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508767/biopsychosocial-rehabilitation-programme-for-patients-with-chronic-back-pain-pilot-study
#20
Anna Cabak, Agnieszka Rudnicka, Leszek Kulej, Wiesław Tomaszewski
BACKGROUND: In the search for effective and comprehensive therapies of back pain, an increasing emphasis in being placed on the biopsychosocial model and multidimensional support programmes for patients as well the use of modern technologies in this area of medicine. This study aimed to assess a programme of customised ad hoc physiotherapeutic consultations for patients with back pain who had been on the waiting list for rehabilitation treatment for a long time. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The study group comprised 68 patients of the Rehabilitation Centre Non-Public Health Care Institution who had been waiting for rehabilitation treatment for at least three months...
April 12, 2017: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
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