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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676800/validation-of-an-in-vitro-sun-protection-factor-spf-method-in-blinded-ring-testing
#1
M Pissavini, C Tricaud, G Wiener, A Lauer, M Contier, L Kolbe, C Trullás Cabanas, F Boyer, V Nollent, E Meredith, E Dietrich, P J Matts
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this work was to investigate the utility of a new in vitro SPF test method in blinded ring-testing, against new ISO acceptance criteria. METHODS: 24 blinded, commercial, emulsion-type, primary sunscreen products, covering the full range of labelled SPF in Europe (SPF6 - 50+), were tested by 3 test institutes using the current ISO24444:2010 In Vivo SPF Test Method and simultaneously by 3 separate test laboratories using a new candidate in vitro SPF test method, developed under the leadership of Cosmetics Europe (CE)...
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Cosmetic Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676634/impact-of-seasonal-winter-air-pollution-on-health-across-the-lifespan-in-mongolia-and-some-putative-solutions
#2
David Warburton, Nicole Warburton, Clarence Wigfall, Ochir Chimedsuren, Delgerzul Lodoisamba, Sereeter Lodoysamba, Badarch Jargalsaikhan
Environmental pollution of the air, water, and soil comprise an increasingly urgent challenge to global health, well-being, and productivity. The impact of environmental pollution arguably has its greatest impact across the lifespan on children, women of childbearing age, and pregnant women and their unborn children, not only because of their vulnerability during development, but also because of their subsequent longevity. Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, is a highly instructive, perhaps extreme, example of what happens with recent, rapid urbanization...
April 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676444/ethnic-disparity-in-primary-cutaneous-cd30-t-cell-lymphoproliferative-disorders-an-analysis-of-1496-cases-from-the-us-national-cancer-database
#3
Chang Su, Kevin A Nguyen, Harrison X Bai, Cheryl K Zogg, Ya Cao, Giorgos Karakousis, Paul J Zhang, Guiying Zhang, Rong Xiao
Primary cutaneous CD30+ T cell lymphoproliferative disorders (PCLPD), the second most common type of primary cutaneous T cell lymphomas, accounts for approximately 25-30% of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma cases. However, only small retrospective studies have been reported. We aimed to identify prognostic factors and evaluate the overall survival (OS) of patients with PCLPD stratified by ethnicity. We identified 1496 patients diagnosed with PCLPD between 2004 and 2014 in the US National Cancer Database. Chi-square test and anova were used to evaluate differences in demographic and disease characteristics, socioeconomic factors and treatments received...
April 20, 2018: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675640/effects-of-combined-whole-body-electromyostimulation-and-protein-supplementation-on-local-and-overall-muscle-fat-distribution-in-older-men-with-sarcopenic-obesity-the-randomized-controlled-franconia-sarcopenic-obesity-franso-study
#4
Wolfgang Kemmler, Alexandra Grimm, Michael Bebenek, Matthias Kohl, Simon von Stengel
The primary aim of the project was to determine the combined effect of whole-body electromyostimulation (WB-EMS) and protein supplements on local and overall muscle/fat distribution in older man with sarcopenic obesity (SO). Community-dwelling (cdw) men ≥ 70 years with SO were randomly allocated to a WB-EMS and protein supplementation (n = 33) or a non-intervention control group (CG: n = 34). WB-EMS was conducted 1.5 sessions of 20 min/week for 16 weeks. Whey protein supplementation aimed to ensure a daily intake of 1...
April 19, 2018: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675441/acute-bilateral-lower-extremity-paralysis-secondary-to-acute-thrombosis-of-an-infrarenal-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm
#5
T Joseph Watson, W Kurtis Childers, Lindsey Haga, John Calaitges
We present the case of a 64-year-old male who presented to the emergency department with bilateral limb ischemia and paralysis for approximately 1 hour. Computed tomographic angiography demonstrated occlusion of the infrarenal aorta beginning just above the patient's known abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and extending into both common iliac arteries. He was emergently treated via open repair of the AAA with a Gore-Tex tube graft, bilateral common iliac thrombectomies, and bilateral lower extremity four-compartment fasciotomies...
June 2017: Aorta (Stamford, Conn.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675338/assessing-the-healing-of-venous-leg-ulcers-using-a-noncontact-near-infrared-optical-imaging-approach
#6
Jiali Lei, Suset Rodriguez, Maanasa Jayachandran, Elizabeth Solis, Katrina Epnere, Francisco Perez-Clavijo, Stephen Wigley, Anuradha Godavarty
Objective: Venous leg ulcers (VLUs) are one of the most common complications in lower extremity wounds. To date, clinicians employ visual inspection of the wound site during its healing process by monitoring surface granulation and reduction in wound size across weeks of treatment. In this study, a handheld near-infrared optical scanner (NIROS) has been developed at the Optical Imaging Laboratory to differentiate healing from nonhealing VLUs based on differences in blood flow to the wound and its surroundings...
April 1, 2018: Advances in Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674450/inferring-genetic-connectivity-in-real-populations-exemplified-by-coastal-and-oceanic-atlantic-cod
#7
Ingrid Spies, Lorenz Hauser, Per Erik Jorde, Halvor Knutsen, André E Punt, Lauren A Rogers, Nils Chr Stenseth
Genetic data are commonly used to estimate connectivity between putative populations, but translating them to demographic dispersal rates is complicated. Theoretical equations that infer a migration rate based on the genetic estimator F ST , such as Wright's equation, F ST ≈ 1/(4 N e m + 1), make assumptions that do not apply to most real populations. How complexities inherent to real populations affect migration was exemplified by Atlantic cod in the North Sea and Skagerrak and was examined within an age-structured model that incorporated genetic markers...
April 19, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674248/frequency-of-participation-and-association-with-functioning-in-adolescents-born-extremely-preterm-findings-from-a-population-based-cohort-in-northern-germany
#8
K Sell, M Rapp, H Muehlan, J Spiegler, U Thyen
BACKGROUND: Outcomes after extremely preterm birth (<28 weeks gestation) have been studied intensely, and follow-up into adulthood is well-established. Following the introduction of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, participation has been recognized to be a relevant outcome in rehabilitation research. During adolescence, participation is crucial to adapting to new social roles. The aim of our study was to investigate participation in the domains Autonomy, Relationships and Community Recreation...
April 16, 2018: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674240/the-impact-of-antipsychotics-as-a-risk-factor-for-thromboembolism
#9
REVIEW
Ewa A Ogłodek, Marek J Just, Anna D Grzesińska, Aleksander Araszkiewicz, Adam R Szromek
Patients with schizophrenia are predisposed toward developing cardiovascular disease. Although neuroleptics affect the cardiovascular system, it is also important to consider the consequences of the disease itself such as lower physical activity due to living on disability pension, inadequate nutrition, and/or nicotine addiction, being more common among patients with schizophrenia versus the general population. All these factors combined lead to an increased risk of death caused by cardiovascular conditions in schizophrenic patients...
December 15, 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673820/extra-osseous-ewing-s-sarcoma-of-sciatic-nerve-masquerading-as-benign-nerve-sheath-tumor-and-presented-as-lumbar-radiculopathy
#10
Jung Soo Bang, Nitin Adsul, Jae-Hyeon Lim, Il-Tae Jang
BACKGROUND: Extraosseous Ewing Sarcoma (EES) arising from peripheral nerves is extremely rare with only 11 cases, mentioned in the literature. It poses a diagnostic challenge to the clinicians due to its nonspecific presentation and rare occurrence. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 56-year-old woman came with a history of low back pain and intractable right leg pain. Physical examination revealed the normal motor power of both lower limbs with decreased sensation along the lateral aspect of the foot with decreased ankle reflex...
April 16, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672932/investigation-of-knee-control-as-a-lower-extremity-injury-risk-factor-a-prospective-study-in-youth-football
#11
Anu M Räisänen, Hillevi Arkkila, Tommi Vasankari, Kathrin Steffen, Jari Parkkari, Pekka Kannus, Hannele Forsman, Kati Pasanen
This prospective study in youth football examined the relationship between frontal plane knee projection angle (FPKPA) during the single-leg squat and sustaining an acute lower extremity injury or acute non-contact lower extremity injury. Secondly, side-to-side asymmetry in FPKPA and sex as injury risk factors were explored. In addition, we investigated the influence of age, sex and leg dominance on the FPKPA. A total of 558 youth football players (U11 to U14), participated in the single-leg squat test and prospective injury registration...
April 19, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672775/free-or-perforator-pedicled-propeller-flaps-in-lower-extremity-reconstruction-defining-the-coverage-failure
#12
Farid Bekara, Christian Herlin, Antoine De Runz, David Boccara, Benoit Chaput
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2018: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672591/correction-catch-up-growth-in-the-first-two-years-of-life-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-elbw-infants-is-associated-with-lower-body-fat-in-young-adolescence
#13
Anke Raaijmakers, Lotte Jacobs, Maissa Rayyan, Theun Pieter van Tienoven, Els Ortibus, Elena Levtchenko, Jan A Staessen, Karel Allegaert
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0173349.].
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672548/water-and-nitrogen-management-effects-on-semiarid-sorghum-production-and-soil-trace-gas-flux-under-future-climate
#14
Benjamin D Duval, Rajan Ghimire, Melannie D Hartman, Mark A Marsalis
External inputs to agricultural systems can overcome latent soil and climate constraints on production, while contributing to greenhouse gas emissions from fertilizer and water management inefficiencies. Proper crop selection for a given region can lessen the need for irrigation and timing of N fertilizer application with crop N demand can potentially reduce N2O emissions and increase N use efficiency while reducing residual soil N and N leaching. However, increased variability in precipitation is an expectation of climate change and makes predicting biomass and gas flux responses to management more challenging...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672435/outcomes-in-early-versus-late-presentation-of-focal-fibrocartilaginous-dysplasia-affecting-the-upper-extremity-a-review-of-4-cases
#15
Grigory Gershkovich, David Kahan, Scott Kozin, Daniel Zlotolow
BACKGROUND: Focal fibrocartilaginous dysplasia (FFCD) is a rare disorder of the upper and lower extremities. In the distal ulna, a ligamentous tether emerging from the metaphysis crosses the physis and restricts growth, leading to deformity. Lesion excision before radiocapitellar subluxation has been shown to restore growth and allow remodeling. We review the outcomes of 4 patients with FFCD of the distal ulna after the occurrence of radiocapitellar incongruity. METHODS: This retrospective review examined 4 patients diagnosed with FFCD of the distal ulna from 2007 to 2015...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672398/evaluating-quality-metrics-and-cost-after-discharge-a-population-based-cohort-study-of-value-in-health-care-following-elective-major-vascular-surgery
#16
Charles de Mestral, Konrad Salata, Mohamad A Hussain, Ahmed Kayssi, Mohammed Al-Omran, Graham Roche-Nagle
BACKGROUND: Early readmission to hospital after surgery is an omnipresent quality metric across surgical fields. We sought to understand the relative importance of hospital readmission among all health services received after hospital discharge. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to characterize 30-day postdischarge cost and risk of an emergency department (ED) visit, readmission, or death after hospitalization for elective major vascular surgery. METHODS: This is a population-based retrospective cohort study of patients who underwent elective major vascular surgery - carotid endarterectomy, EVAR, open AAA repair, bypass for lower extremity peripheral arterial disease - in Ontario, Canada, between 2004 and 2015...
April 18, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672352/association-of-activities-of-daily-living-with-the-load-during-step-ascent-motion-in-nursing-home-residing-elderly-individuals
#17
Mitsuhiro Masaki, Tome Ikezoe, Midori Kamiya, Kojiro Araki, Ryo Isono, Takehiro Kato, Ken Kusano, Masayo Tanaka, Syunsuke Sato, Tetsuya Hirono, Kiyoshi Kita, Tadao Tsuboyama, Noriaki Ichihashi
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the association of independence in ADL with the loads during step ascent motion and other motor functions in 32 nursing home-residing elderly individuals. DESIGN: Independence in ADL was assessed by using the functional independence measure (FIM). The loads at the upper (i.e., pulling up) and lower (i.e., pushing up) levels during step ascent task was measured on a step ascent platform. Hip extensor, knee extensor, plantar flexor muscle, and quadriceps setting strengths; lower extremity agility using the stepping test; and hip and knee joint pain severities were measured...
April 19, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671801/lumbar-sympathetic-block-with-botulinum-toxin-type-a-and-type-b-for-the-complex-regional-pain-syndrome
#18
Yongki Lee, Chul Joong Lee, Eunjoo Choi, Pyung Bok Lee, Ho-Jin Lee, Francis Sahngun Nahm
A lumbar sympathetic ganglion block (LSB) is a therapeutic method for complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) affecting the lower limbs. Recently, LSB with botulinum toxin type A and B was introduced as a novel method to achieve longer duration of analgesia. In this study, we compared the botulinum toxin type A (BTA) with botulinum toxin type B (BTB) in performing LSB on patients with CRPS. LSB was performed with either BTA or BTB on patients with CRPS in their lower extremities. The length of time taken for patients to return to the pre-LSB pain score and the adverse effect of LSB with BTA/BTB were investigated...
April 19, 2018: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671697/a-biomechanical-comparison-of-dominant-and-non-dominant-limbs-during-a-side-step-cutting-task
#19
Christine D Pollard, Marc F Norcross, Sam T Johnson, Amanda E Stone, Eunwook Chang, Mark A Hoffman
Numerous studies have investigated anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury risk by examining gender differences in knee and hip biomechanics during a side-step cutting manoeuvre since it is known that ACL injury often occurs during such a task. Recent investigations have also examined lower extremity (LE) biomechanics during side-step cutting in individuals following ACL reconstruction (ACLR). Common research practice is to compare knee and hip biomechanics of the dominant limb between groups but this can add considerable complexity for clinicians and researchers...
April 19, 2018: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670797/recurrent-migratory-transient-bone-marrow-edema-of-the-knees-associated-with-low-vitamin-d-and-systemic-low-bone-mineral-density-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#20
Omar Alsaed, Mohammad Hammoudeh
Transient bone marrow edema (TBME) is a self-limiting disease characterized by joint pain with localized bone marrow edema by MRI and has been reported in many case series and case reports. It is well known that joints of the lower extremity including hips, knees, ankles, and feet are the classical sites for TBME. Many theories have been proposed for the pathogenesis of TBME. Systemic osteopenia and vitamin D deficiency is one of the theories that have been suggested in the last few years. In this case report, we present a middle-aged male patient, who presented with 4 attacks of TBME in both knees between September 2016 and August 2017...
2018: Case Reports in Rheumatology
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