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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647844/digital-health-technologies-to-promote-lifestyle-change-and-adherence
#1
REVIEW
Numan Khan, Francoise A Marvel, Jane Wang, Seth S Martin
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide with an estimated 17.5 million deaths annually, or 31% of all global deaths, according to the World Health Organization. The majority of these deaths are preventable by addressing lifestyle modification (i.e., smoking cessation, diet, obesity, and physical inactivity) and promoting medication adherence. At present, initiatives to develop cost-effective modalities to support self-management, lifestyle modification, and medication adherence are a leading priority...
August 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638834/personalized-consent-flow-in-contemporary-data-sharing-for-medical-research-a-viewpoint
#2
Ester A Rake, Marleen M H J van Gelder, David C Grim, Barend Heeren, Lucien J L P G Engelen, Tom H van de Belt
BACKGROUND: Health data personally collected by individuals with wearable devices and smartphones is becoming an important data source for healthcare, but also for medical research. OBJECTIVE: To describe a new consent model that allows people to control their personally collected health data and determine to what extent they want to share these for research purposes. METHODS: We developed, in close collaboration with patients, researchers, healthcare professionals, privacy experts, and an accredited Medical Ethical Review Committee, an innovative concept called "personalized consent flow" within a research platform connected to a personal health record...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637735/development-of-the-tailored-rett-intervention-and-assessment-longitudinal-trial-database-and-the-rett-evaluation-of-symptoms-and-treatments-rest-questionnaire
#3
Paramala Santosh, Kate Lievesley, Federico Fiori, Jatinder Singh
INTRODUCTION: Rett syndrome (RTT) is a pervasive neurodevelopmental disorder that presents with deficits in brain functioning leading to language and learning regression, characteristic hand stereotypies and developmental delay. Different mutations in the gene implicated in RTT-methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MECP2) establishes RTT as a disorder with divergent symptomatology ranging from individuals with severe to milder phenotypes. A reliable and single multidimensional questionnaire is needed that can embrace all symptoms, and the relationships between them, and can map clinically meaningful data to symptomatology across the lifespan in patients with RTT...
June 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633564/energy-harvesting-from-the-animal-human-body-for-self-powered-electronics
#4
Canan Dagdeviren, Zhou Li, Zhong Lin Wang
Living subjects (i.e., humans and animals) have abundant sources of energy in chemical, thermal, and mechanical forms. The use of these energies presents a viable way to overcome the battery capacity limitation that constrains the long-term operation of wearable/implantable devices. The intersection of novel materials and fabrication techniques offers boundless possibilities for the benefit of human health and well-being via various types of energy harvesters. This review summarizes the existing approaches that have been demonstrated to harvest energy from the bodies of living subjects for self-powered electronics...
June 21, 2017: Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632157/development-of-a-novel-transparent-flexible-capacitive-micromachined-ultrasonic-transducer
#5
Da-Chen Pang, Cheng-Min Chang
This paper presents the world's first transparent flexible capacitive micromachined ultrasonic transducer (CMUT) that was fabricated through a roll-lamination technique. This polymer-based CMUT has advantages of transparency, flexibility, and non-contacting detection which provide unique functions in display panel applications. Comprising an indium tin oxide-polyethylene terephthalate (ITO-PET) substrate, SU-8 sidewall and vibrating membranes, and silver nanowire transparent electrode, the transducer has visible-light transmittance exceeding 80% and can operate on curved surfaces with a 40 mm radius of curvature...
June 20, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631139/a-systematic-review-of-wearable-patient-monitoring-systems-current-challenges-and-opportunities-for-clinical-adoption
#6
Mirza Mansoor Baig, Hamid GholamHosseini, Aasia A Moqeem, Farhaan Mirza, Maria Lindén
The aim of this review is to investigate barriers and challenges of wearable patient monitoring (WPM) solutions adopted by clinicians in acute, as well as in community, care settings. Currently, healthcare providers are coping with ever-growing healthcare challenges including an ageing population, chronic diseases, the cost of hospitalization, and the risk of medical errors. WPM systems are a potential solution for addressing some of these challenges by enabling advanced sensors, wearable technology, and secure and effective communication platforms between the clinicians and patients...
July 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628594/telehealth-wearable-sensors-and-the-internet-will-they-improve-stroke-outcomes-through-increased-intensity-of-therapy-motivation-and-adherence-to-rehabilitation-programs
#7
Jane H Burridge, Alan Chong W Lee, Ruth Turk, Maria Stokes, Jill Whitall, Ravi Vaidyanathan, Phil Clatworthy, Ann-Marie Hughes, Claire Meagher, Enrico Franco, Lucy Yardley
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Stroke, predominantly a condition of older age, is a major cause of acquired disability in the global population and puts an increasing burden on health care resources. Clear evidence for the importance of intensity of therapy in optimizing functional outcomes is found in animal models, supported by neuroimaging and behavioral research, and strengthened by recent meta-analyses from multiple clinical trials. However, providing intensive therapy using conventional treatment paradigms is expensive and sometimes not feasible because of social and environmental factors...
July 2017: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627178/turning-the-page-advancing-paper-based-microfluidics-for-broad-diagnostic-application
#8
Max M Gong, David Sinton
Infectious diseases are a major global health issue. Diagnosis is a critical first step in effectively managing their spread. Paper-based microfluidic diagnostics first emerged in 2007 as a low-cost alternative to conventional laboratory testing, with the goal of improving accessibility to medical diagnostics in developing countries. In this review, we examine the advances in paper-based microfluidic diagnostics for medical diagnosis in the context of global health from 2007 to 2016. The theory of fluid transport in paper is first presented...
June 19, 2017: Chemical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622499/the-measure-of-a-man
#9
Neil Savage
Moving beyond simple fitness tracking, wearable devices may soon offer opportunities for monitoring health and bring vast amounts of new data to the study of human diseases.
June 15, 2017: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621709/an-unobtrusive-fall-detection-and-alerting-system-based-on-kalman-filter-and-bayes-network-classifier
#10
Jian He, Shuang Bai, Xiaoyi Wang
Falls are one of the main health risks among the elderly. A fall detection system based on inertial sensors can automatically detect fall event and alert a caregiver for immediate assistance, so as to reduce injuries causing by falls. Nevertheless, most inertial sensor-based fall detection technologies have focused on the accuracy of detection while neglecting quantization noise caused by inertial sensor. In this paper, an activity model based on tri-axial acceleration and gyroscope is proposed, and the difference between activities of daily living (ADLs) and falls is analyzed...
June 16, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618158/a-fitbit-and-facebook-mhealth-intervention-for-promoting-physical-activity-among-adolescent-and-young-adult-childhood-cancer-survivors-a-pilot-study
#11
Jason A Mendoza, K Scott Baker, Megan A Moreno, Kathryn Whitlock, Mark Abbey-Lambertz, Alan Waite, Trina Colburn, Eric J Chow
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) may be important for preventing chronic diseases for adolescent and young adult (AYA) childhood cancer survivors. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of PA interventions for AYA survivors are sparse, but necessary to determine effective programs for increasing PA among this population. Thus, we conducted a pilot RCT, testing the feasibility of a mobile health (mHealth) intervention to promote PA among AYA survivors. PROCEDURE: We recruited 14- to 18-year-olds who were ≥1-year post cancer therapy from Seattle Children's Hospital...
June 15, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612635/wearable-sensors-can-they-benefit-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#12
Fokko Pieter Wieringa, Natascha Broers, J P Kooman, Frank M van der Sande, Chris van Hoof
Introduction This article ponders upon wearable medical measurement devices in relation to Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) and its' associated comorbidities - and whether these might benefit CKD-patients. We aimed to map the intersection(s) of nephrology and wearable sensor technology to help technologists understand medical aspects, and clinicians to understand technological possibilities that are available (or soon will become so). Areas covered A structured literature search on main comorbidities and complications CKD patients suffer from, was used to steer mini-reviews on wearable sensor technologies clustered around 3 themes being: Cardiovascular-related, diabetes-related and physical fitness/frailty...
June 14, 2017: Expert Review of Medical Devices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609619/high-efficiency-transparent-reusable-and-active-pm2-5-filters-by-hierarchical-ag-nanowire-percolation-network
#13
Seongmin Jeong, Hyunmin Cho, Seonggeun Han, Phillip Won, Habeom Lee, Sukjoon Hong, Junyeob Yeo, Jinhyeong Kwon, Seung Hwan Ko
Air quality has become a major public health issue in Asia including China, Korea, and India. Particulate matters are the major concern in air quality. We present the first environmental application demonstration of Ag nanowire percolation network for a novel, electrical type transparent, reusable, and active PM2.5 air filter although the Ag nanowire percolation network has been studied as a very promising transparent conductor in optoelectronics. Compared with previous particulate matter air filter study using relatively weaker short-range intermolecular force in polar polymeric nanofiber, Ag nanowire percolation network filters use stronger long-range electrostatic force to capture PM2...
June 13, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604607/emotional-self-regulation-of-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-smartwatches-for-monitoring-and-interaction
#14
Juan C Torrado, Javier Gomez, Germán Montoro
In this paper, we analyze the needs of individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) to have a pervasive, feasible and non-stigmatizing form of assistance in their emotional self-regulation, in order to ease certain behavioral issues that undermine their mental health throughout their life. We argue the potential of recent widespread wearables, and more specifically smartwatches, to achieve this goal. Then, a smartwatch system that implements a wide range of self-regulation strategies and infers outburst patterns from physiological signals and movement is presented, along with an authoring tool for smartphones that is to be used by caregivers or family members to create and edit these strategies, in an adaptive way...
June 11, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603469/using-fitness-trackers-in-clinical-research-what-nurse-practitioners-need-to-know
#15
Lisa Cadmus-Bertram
Consumer-based wearable fitness trackers present a new array of opportunities and challenges to nurse practitioners engaged in health promotion research. Key advantages include the ability to provide continuous, objective, remote monitoring of physical activity and the potential to improve the efficacy of physical activity interventions. This paper provides an overview of fitness trackers, including their functions and accuracy, and addresses the following key issues to consider before using trackers in research: (1) when to use a fitness tracker; (2) choosing a brand and model; (3) encouraging good compliance; and (4) extracting and using the data...
January 2017: Journal for Nurse Practitioners: JNP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596271/extracting-aerobic-system-dynamics-during-unsupervised-activities-of-daily-living-using-wearable-sensor-machine-learning-models
#16
Thomas Beltrame, Robert Amelard, Alexander Wong, Richard L Hughson
Physical activity levels are related through algorithms to the energetic demand with no information regarding the integrity of the multiple physiological systems involved in the energetic supply. Longitudinal analysis of the oxygen uptake (VO2) by wearable sensors in realistic settings might permit development of a practical tool for the study of the longitudinal aerobic system dynamics (i.e., VO2 kinetics). This study evaluated aerobic system dynamics based on predicted VO2 data obtained from wearable sensors during unsupervised activities of daily living (uADL)...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587188/a-review-of-activity-trackers-for-senior-citizens-research-perspectives-commercial-landscape-and-the-role-of-the-insurance-industry
#17
REVIEW
Salvatore Tedesco, John Barton, Brendan O'Flynn
The objective assessment of physical activity levels through wearable inertial-based motion detectors for the automatic, continuous and long-term monitoring of people in free-living environments is a well-known research area in the literature. However, their application to older adults can present particular constraints. This paper reviews the adoption of wearable devices in senior citizens by describing various researches for monitoring physical activity indicators, such as energy expenditure, posture transitions, activity classification, fall detection and prediction, gait and balance analysis, also by adopting consumer-grade fitness trackers with the associated limitations regarding acceptability...
June 3, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587134/measuring-blue-space-visibility-and-blue-recreation-in-the-everyday-lives-of-children-in-a-capital-city
#18
Amber L Pearson, Ross Bottomley, Tim Chambers, Lukar Thornton, James Stanley, Moira Smith, Michelle Barr, Louise Signal
Blue spaces (water bodies) may promote positive mental and physical health through opportunities for relaxation, recreation, and social connections. However, we know little about the nature and extent of everyday exposure to blue spaces, particularly in settings outside the home or among children, nor whether exposure varies by individual or household characteristics. Wearable cameras offer a novel, reliable method for blue space exposure measurement. In this study, we used images from cameras worn over two days by 166 children in Wellington, New Zealand, and conducted content and blue space quantification analysis on each image (n = 749,389)...
May 26, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585963/self-adapted-and-tunable-graphene-strain-sensors-for-detecting-both-subtle-and-large-human-motions
#19
Lu-Qi Tao, Dan-Yang Wang, He Tian, Zhen-Yi Ju, Ying Liu, Yu Pang, Yuan-Quan Chen, Yi Yang, Tian-Ling Ren
Conventional strain sensors rarely have both a high gauge factor and a large strain range simultaneously, so they can only be used in specific situations where only a high sensitivity or a large strain range is required. However, for detecting human motions that include both subtle and large motions, these strain sensors can't meet the diverse demands simultaneously. Here, we come up with laser patterned graphene strain sensors with self-adapted and tunable performance for the first time. A series of strain sensors with either an ultrahigh gauge factor or a preferable strain range can be fabricated simultaneously via one-step laser patterning, and are suitable for detecting all human motions...
June 6, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579635/investigation-of-nanoyarn-preparation-by-modified-electrospinning-setup
#20
Ariana S Levitt, Chelsea E Knittel, Richard Vallett, Michael Koerner, Genevieve Dion, Caroline L Schauer
Higher ordered structures of nanofibers, including nanofiber-based yarns and cables, have a variety of potential applications, including wearable health monitoring systems, artificial tendons, and medical sutures. In this study, twisted assemblies of polyacrylonitrile (PAN), polyvinylidene fluoride trifluoroethylene (PVDF-TrFE), and polycaprolactone (PCL) nanofibers were fabricated via a modified electrospinning setup, consisting of a rotating cone-shaped copper collector, two syringe pumps, and two high voltage power supplies...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Applied Polymer Science
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