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Wearable Health

Heekyeong Park, Sungho Lee, Seok Hwan Jeong, Ui Hyun Jung, Kidong Park, Min Goo Lee, Sunkook Kim, Joonhyung Lee
Flexible sensors connected to cell phones are a promising technology that can aid in continuously monitoring signals in our daily lives, such as an individual's health status and information from buildings, farms, and industry. Among such signals, real-time humidity monitoring is crucial to a comfortable life, as human bodies, plants, and industrial environments require appropriate humidity to be maintained. We propose a hydrophilic polytetrafluoroethylene (H-PTFE)-based flexible humidity sensor integrated with readout circuitry, wireless communication, and a mobile battery...
March 20, 2018: Sensors
Benjamin Handel, Jonathan Kolstad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: American Economic Review
In Yae Cheong, So Yeon An, Won Chul Cha, Mi Yong Rha, Seung Tae Kim, Dong Kyung Chang, Ji Hye Hwang
BACKGROUND: The use of a mobile health care application, the delivery of health care or health care-related services through the use of portable devices, to manage functional loss, treatment-related toxicities, and impaired quality of life in cancer patients during chemotherapy through supervised self-management has been increasing. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy and feasibility of comprehensive mobile health care using a tailored rehabilitation program for colorectal cancer patients undergoing active chemotherapy...
February 17, 2018: Clinical Colorectal Cancer
Georgios Alexandridis, Amy C Gunning, Ger D J van Olden, Egbert-Jan M M Verleisdonk, Michiel J M Segers, Luke P H Leenen
PURPOSES: Calcaneal fractures are known to influence patients' quality of life negatively. The type of calcaneal fracture might have a relation with the patient outcome. To inform patients in an early stage on how their calcaneal fracture may affect their lives, knowledge of the fracture characteristics is necessary. This study evaluates the association of type of calcaneal fracture, measurement of conventional radiograph angles, and the Sanders classification with patient-reported outcomes...
March 17, 2018: International Orthopaedics
Ilaria Montagni, Tanguy Cariou, Tiphaine Feuillet, Emmanuel Langlois, Christophe Tzourio
BACKGROUND: During university, students face some potentially serious health risks, and their lifestyle can have a direct effect on health and health behaviors later in life. Concurrently, university students are digital natives having easy access to the internet and new technologies. Digital health interventions offer promising new opportunities for health promotion, disease prevention, and care in this specific population. The description of the current use of and opinions on digital health among university students can inform future digital health strategies and interventions within university settings...
March 15, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Julia Pietilä, Elina Helander, Ilkka Korhonen, Tero Myllymäki, Urho M Kujala, Harri Lindholm
BACKGROUND: Sleep is fundamental for good health, and poor sleep has been associated with negative health outcomes. Alcohol consumption is a universal health behavior associated with poor sleep. In controlled laboratory studies, alcohol intake has been shown to alter physiology and disturb sleep homeostasis and architecture. The association between acute alcohol intake and physiological changes has not yet been studied in noncontrolled real-world settings. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the effects of alcohol intake on the autonomic nervous system (ANS) during sleep in a large noncontrolled sample of Finnish employees...
March 16, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
Florian Ferreri, Alexis Bourla, Stephane Mouchabac, Laurent Karila
Background: New technologies can profoundly change the way we understand psychiatric pathologies and addictive disorders. New concepts are emerging with the development of more accurate means of collecting live data, computerized questionnaires, and the use of passive data. Digital phenotyping , a paradigmatic example, refers to the use of computerized measurement tools to capture the characteristics of different psychiatric disorders. Similarly, machine learning-a form of artificial intelligence-can improve the classification of patients based on patterns that clinicians have not always considered in the past...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
David A Kalmbach, Yu Fang, J Todd Arnedt, Amy L Cochran, Patricia J Deldin, Adam I Kaplin, Srijan Sen
BACKGROUND: Although short sleep, shift work, and physical inactivity are endemic to residency, a lack of objective, real-time information has limited our understanding of how these problems impact physician mental health. OBJECTIVE: To understand how the residency experience affects sleep, physical activity, and mood, and to understand the directional relationships among these variables. DESIGN: A prospective longitudinal study. SUBJECTS: Thirty-three first-year residents (interns) provided data from 2 months pre-internship through the first 6 months of internship...
March 14, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
Nash Ak Witten, Joseph Humphry
The Lana'i Community Health Center (LCHC) like other health care organizations, is striving to implement technology-enabled care (TEC) in the clinical setting. TEC includes such technological innovations as patient portals, mobile phone applications, wearable health sensors, and telehealth. This study examines the utilization of communication technology by members of the Lana'i community and LCHC staff and board members in the home and in their daily lives and evaluates the community's electronic health literacy...
March 2018: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
Tomohito Sekine, Ryo Sugano, Tomoya Tashiro, Jun Sato, Yasunori Takeda, Hiroyuki Matsui, Daisuke Kumaki, Fabrice Domingues Dos Santos, Atsushi Miyabo, Shizuo Tokito
The ability to monitor subtle changes in vital and arterial signals using flexible devices attached to the human skin can be valuable for the detection of various health conditions such as cardiovascular disease. Conventional Si device technologies are being utilised in traditional clinical systems; however, its fabrication is not easy owing to the difficulties in adapting to conventional processes. Here, we present the development of a fully printed, wearable, ferroelectric-polymer vital sensor for monitoring the human pulse wave/rate on the skin...
March 13, 2018: Scientific Reports
Chandrasekaran Jayaraman, Chaithanya Krishna Mummidisetty, Alannah Mannix-Slobig, Lori McGee Koch, Arun Jayaraman
BACKGROUND: Monitoring physical activity and leveraging wearable sensor technologies to facilitate active living in individuals with neurological impairment has been shown to yield benefits in terms of health and quality of living. In this context, accurate measurement of physical activity estimates from these sensors are vital. However, wearable sensor manufacturers generally only provide standard proprietary algorithms based off of healthy individuals to estimate physical activity metrics which may lead to inaccurate estimates in population with neurological impairment like stroke and incomplete spinal cord injury (iSCI)...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
Mohamed Elgendi, Yongbo Liang, Rabab Ward
Photoplethysmogram (PPG) signals collected using a pulse oximeter are increasingly being used for screening and diagnosis purposes. Because of the non-invasive, cost-effective, and easy-to-use nature of the pulse oximeter, clinicians and biomedical engineers are investigating how PPG signals can help in the management of many medical conditions, especially for global health application. The study of PPG signal analysis is relatively new compared to research in electrocardiogram signals, for instance; however, we anticipate that in the near future blood pressure, cardiac output, and other clinical parameters will be measured from wearable devices that collect PPG signals, based on the signal's vast potential...
March 11, 2018: Diseases (Basel)
Shunli Liu, Kewen Li, Imtiaz Hussain, Olayinka Oderinde, Fang Yao, Jiuyang Zhang, Guo Dong Fu
Mechanically-tough and electrical conductive self-healing hydrogels may have broad applications in wearable electronics, health-monitoring systems, and smart robotics in the following years. Here, we proposed a new design strategy to synthesize a dual physical cross-linked polyethylene glycol/poly(acrylic acid) (PEG/PAA) double network hydrogel, consisting of an ferric ions cross-linked linear chain extension of PEG (2, 6-pyridinedicarbonyl moieties incorporated in the PEG backbone, PEG-H2pdca) as the first physical network and a PAA-Fe3+ gel as the second physical network...
March 13, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
Tolga Aytug, Matthew S Rager, Wesley Higgins, Forrest G Brown, Gabriel M Veith, Christopher M Rouleau, Hui Wang, Zachary D Hood, Shannon M Mahurin, Richard T Mayes, Pooran C Joshi, Teja Kuruganti
Simple and easily integrated design of flexible and transparent electrode materials affixed to polymer based substrates hold great promise to have a revolutionary impact on the functionality and performance of energy storage devices for many future consumer electronics. Among these applications are touch sensors, roll-up displays, photovoltaic cells, health monitors, wireless sensors, and wearable communication devices. Here, we report an environmentally friendly, simple and versatile approach to produce optically transparent and mechanically flexible all-solid-state supercapacitor devices...
March 12, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Alida Esmail, Frédérique Poncet, Annie Rochette, Claudine Auger, Christophe Billebaud, Élaine de Guise, Isabelle Ducharme, Eva Kehayia, Delphine Labbé, Noémi Dahan-Oliel, Isabelle Lessard, Olivier Vermeersch, Bonnie Swaine
INTRODUCTION: Clothing is an important aspect of nearly all human societies from performing social and cultural functions to indicating social status, a form of protection and a way for self-expression. It can help or hinder the ability to fulfil everyday activities and social roles and with the rising industry of wearable technologies, smart textiles are adding health-monitoring functions to clothing. The influence that clothing can have on the life of someone with a physical disability is significant, and further research is needed to understand it better...
March 8, 2018: BMJ Open
Gloria Pelizzo, Anna Guddo, Aurora Puglisi, Annalisa De Silvestri, Calogero Comparato, Mario Valenza, Emanuele Bordonaro, Valeria Calcaterra
The reliability of wearable photoplethysmography (PPG) sensors to measure heart rate (HR) in hospitalized patients has only been demonstrated in adults. We evaluated the accuracy of HR monitoring with a personal fitness tracker (PFT) in children undergoing surgery. HR monitoring was performed using a wrist-worn PFT (Fitbit Charge HR) in 30 children (8.21 ± 3.09 years) undergoing laparoscopy ( n = 8) or open surgery ( n = 22). HR values were analyzed preoperatively and during surgery. The accuracy of HR recordings was compared with measurements recorded during continuous electrocardiographic (cECG) monitoring; HRs derived from continuous monitoring with pulse oximetry (SpO2R) were used as a positive control...
March 8, 2018: Children
Zhen Zhen, Zechen Li, Xuanliang Zhao, Yujia Zhong, Li Zhang, Qiao Chen, Tingting Yang, Hongwei Zhu
Portable humidity sensors with ultrafast responses fabricated in wearable devices have promising application prospects in disease diagnostics, health status monitoring, and personal healthcare data collecting. However, prolonged exposures to high-humidity environments usually cause device degradation or failure due to excessive water adsorbed on the sensor surface. In the present work, a graphene film based humidity sensor with a hydrophobic surface and uniformly distributed ring-like wrinkles is designed and fabricated that exhibits excellent performance in breath sensing...
March 8, 2018: Small
Ashish Atreja, Emamuzo Otobo, Karthik Ramireddy, Allyssa Deorocki
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Mobile apps are now increasingly used in conjunction with telemedicine and wearable devices to support remote patient monitoring (RPM). The goal of this paper is to review the available evidence and assess the scope of RPM integration into standard practices for care and management of chronic disease in general and, more specifically, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). RECENT FINDINGS: RPM has been associated with improvements in health outcomes and indicators across a broad range of chronic diseases...
March 7, 2018: Current Gastroenterology Reports
Nancy J Wei, Bryn Dougherty, Aundria Myers, Sherif M Badawy
BACKGROUND: In recent years, wearable devices have become increasingly attractive and the health care industry has been especially drawn to Google Glass because of its ability to serve as a head-mounted wearable device. The use of Google Glass in surgical settings is of particular interest due to the hands-free device potential to streamline workflow and maintain sterile conditions in an operating room environment. OBJECTIVE: The aim is to conduct a systematic evaluation of the literature on the feasibility and acceptability of using Google Glass in surgical settings and to assess the potential benefits and limitations of its application...
March 6, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Jennifer A Schrack, Andrew Leroux, Jerome L Fleg, Vadim Zipunnikov, Eleanor M Simonsick, Stephanie A Studenski, Ciprian Crainiceanu, Luigi Ferrucci
Background: Physical activity (PA) prevents disease and promotes longevity, yet few older adults meet the recommended daily guidelines. Wearable PA and heart rate monitors provide the opportunity to define age-related differences in the absolute and relative intensity of daily activities, and provide insight into the underlying factors influencing PA in older adults. Methods: Participants in the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging (n = 440, 52% male, aged 31 to 88) completed a clinical assessment and wore an Actiheart monitor in the free-living environment...
March 2, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
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