Read by QxMD icon Read

Posthaemorrhagic hydrocephalus

Kene Maduemem, Sameen Khalid, Maya Hariharan, Aamer Siddique
Intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH) is characterized by bleeding of the immature subependymal germinal matrix in preterm infants, but the pathogenesis is multifactorial. IVH and posthaemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PHH) are common causes of neonatal morbidity and mortality among preterm infants. We describe a preterm male infant who was born clinically stillbirth; became moderately severe encephalopathic. He had bilateral IVH (III right and IV left) with consequent PHH. His incredible outcome following a stormy perinatal period appears intriguing...
February 15, 2018: Curēus
Cong Hua, Gang Zhao
Posthaemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PHH) is often associated with high morbidity and mortality and serves as an important clinical predictor of poor outcomes after intracranial haemorrhage (ICH). We are lack of effective medical intervention methods to improve functional outcomes in patients with PHH because little is still known about the mechanisms of PHH pathogenesis. Animal models play a key role in the study of PHH. Developed a suitable animal model that will help us to be better to find preventative strategies and improve the prognosis of patients with PHH...
August 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Andrew Whitelaw, Richard Lee-Kelland
BACKGROUND: Although in recent years the percentage of preterm infants who suffer intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH) has reduced, posthaemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PHH) remains a serious problem with a high rate of cerebral palsy and no evidence-based treatment. Survivors often have to undergo ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) surgery, which makes the child permanently dependent on a valve and catheter system. This carries a significant risk of infection and the need for surgical revision of the shunt...
April 6, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Stefanie Kaestner, Manuela Poetschke, Christian Roth, Wolfgang Deinsberger
INTRODUCTION: Hydrocephalus (HC) occurs due to multiple origins. Time course and dynamic of HC and its therapies differ between underlying pathologies. Different revision rates due to the type of HC are expected. Though hydrocephalus is known to be a life time condition, the lack of shunt malfunction years or decades after initial shunt insertion raises the hope of a superfluous shunt. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective survey of our OR-database during a 10 year period...
January 2017: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
Daniel M Fountain, Aswin Chari, Dominic Allen, Greg James
INTRODUCTION: Ventricular access devices (VAD) and ventriculosubgaleal shunts (VSGS) are currently both used as temporising devices to affect CSF drainage in neonatal posthaemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PHH), without clear evidence of superiority of either procedure. In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we compared the VSGS and VAD regarding complication rates, ventriculoperitoneal shunt conversion and infection rates, and mortality and long-term disability. METHODS: The review was registered with the PROSPERO international prospective register of systematic reviews (registration number CRD42015019750) and was conducted in accordance with PRISMA guidelines...
February 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Malik Zaben, Amy Finnigan, Muhammed I Bhatti, Paul Leach
BACKGROUND: Post-haemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PHH), a potential consequence of grade II-IV germinal matrix haemorrhage, remains a significant problem in premature infants with long-term neurodevelopmental disabilities and high mortality rates. Early ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) insertion is associated with a high failure rate and many complications; hence, temporising measures are always instituted until the infant is mature (age and/or weight) enough. METHODS: We have reviewed the recently available literature on the usefulness and complications of the initial measures used in the treatment of PHH; particularly, focusing on serial cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) tapping, external ventricular drainage (EVD), ventriculosubgaleal shunts (VSG), ventricular access devices (VADs), endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) with and without coagulation of the choroid plexus...
2016: British Journal of Neurosurgery
Laura González-García, Bienvenido Ros-López, Sara Iglesias-Moroño, Álvaro Martín-Gallego, Antonio Carrasco-Brenes, Miguel Segura Fernández-Nogueras, Miguel Ángel Arráez-Sánchez
BACKGROUND: Rhinoliquorrhoea suggests a communication between the subarachnoid space and the sinonasal tract. Clinical presentation includes clear nasal discharge, headache, pneumocephalus, meningitis or brain abscess. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks are mostly of traumatic origin (skull base fractures), iatrogenic (secondary to endoscopic endonasal surgery) or associated with tumour aetiology. Occasionally, hydrocephalus has been the cause of rhinoliquorrhoea in adults, presumably secondary to the chronically raised intracranial pressure with skull base erosion and meningocele...
February 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Martin Poryo, Regina Eymann, Sascha Meyer
Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunting is an established treatment to regulate the drainage of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in posthaemorrhagic hydrocephalus. Several complications (e.g. blockage of CSF shunting, overdrainage, but also catheter-related perforation of abdominal organs, etc.) may occur and may lead to painful episodes, mostly headache, in these children. Here, we report on a 7-year-old child with recurrent painful episodes after revision of a VP shunt that subsided only after repositioning of the abdominal tip of the VP shunt...
2015: Pediatric Neurosurgery
Elisa Smit, David Odd, Andrew Whitelaw
BACKGROUND: Intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH) is a major complication of preterm birth. Large haemorrhages are associated with a high risk of disability and hydrocephalus. Instability of blood pressure and cerebral blood flow are postulated as causative factors. Another mechanism may involve reperfusion damage from oxygen free radicals. Phenobarbital has been suggested as a safe treatment that stabilises blood pressure and may protect against free radicals. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of postnatal administration of phenobarbital on the risk of IVH, neurodevelopmental impairment or death in preterm infants...
August 13, 2013: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
A Scoppa, A Casani, F Cocca, C Coletta, M G De Luca, G Di Manso, L Grappone, N Pozzi, L Orfeo
Over the last decade, the survival of premature babies has improved dramatically. Such infants, especially those with extremely low birth weight, are still affected by dangerous complications occurring during the neonatal period that often cause brain damage. Intraventricular-intraparenchymal haemorrhage (IVH-IPH), periventricular leukomalacia (PVL), seizures, meningitis and hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy are the most common complications. Such problems require more specialized monitoring of brain function during this critical period...
October 2012: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Ewa Sawicka, Klaudia Zak, Maria Boczar, Barbara Płoska-Urbanek, Dariusz Mydlak, Martyna Woynarowska
UNLABELLED: Progress in perinatology and neonatal intensive care led to surgical treatment of premature infants born with low (<1500 g) and extremely low (<1000 g) birth weight. AIM: Evaluation of surgical treatment in the group of neonates with very low birth weight (<1500 g) and extremely low birth weight (<1000 g). MATERIAL AND METHODS: In the years 2000-2009 in the Department of Paediatric Surgery in the Institute of Mother and Child, 617 neonates underwent surgical treatment, 101 of them (16%) were born with very low or extremely low birth weight...
July 2011: Medycyna Wieku Rozwojowego
Laura Columbano, Wolf O Lüdemann, Lennart H Stieglitz, Madjid Samii
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2012: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
P Miranda, J A Simal, F Menor, E Plaza, R Conde, C Botella
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Obstruction is the most common complication of ventriculoperitoneal shunts in patients with hydrocephalus. Despite technical advances, rates of obstruction have barely decreased and remain at over 40% of cases. Patients suffering from preterm-related posthaemorrhagic hydrocephalus are considered a group with a particularly high risk of obstruction. The aim of the present study was to review our series of patients with preterm-related posthaemorrhagic hydrocephalus and analyse the occurrence of the first ventricular shunt obstruction as well as the related clinical and radiological factors...
2011: Pediatric Neurosurgery
Andrew Whitelaw, Kristian Aquilina
Intraventricular haemorrhage and posthaemorrhagic ventricular dilatation remain an important challenge in the management of prematurity and are associated with significant permanent morbidity. Progressive ventricular dilatation causes white matter injury by pressure, distortion, free radical injury and inflammation. Therapeutic interventions include serial lumbar punctures, only useful when the ventricles remain in communication with the lumbar subarachnoid space, and repeated aspiration through a ventricular access device...
May 2012: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
I Tsirkvadze, M Chkhaidze, D Pruidze, G Nizharadze, D Kanjaradze
Posthaemorrhagic ventricular dilatation (PHVD) is a major complication of intraventricular haemorrhages in very preterm infants. Posthaemorrhagic ventricular dilatation is associated with a high rate of disability, multiple impairments and adverse effects of shunt surgery for hydrocephalus. It may lead to an impaired neurological prognosis, caused by a raised intracranial pressure (ICP) and concomitant decreased cerebral blood perfusion. Therefore, early intervention to decrease the ICP may improve the long term outcome...
April 2010: Georgian Medical News
Radim Lipina, Stefan Reguli, Ludmila Novácková, Hana Podesvová, Eva Brichtová
OBJECT: Therapy of posthaemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PHH) by using ventriculo-peritoneal drainage bears considerable rate of complications and remains a challenge in premature newborns. The role of endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) in these patients is unclear, through obstruction is proven in some patients with PHH. Transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-beta1) release into the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in time of primary bleeding is suggested as one of the possible pathophysiologic reasons of PHH formation...
March 2010: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
B Ros-López, A M Jaramillo-Dallimonti, L S De Miguel-Pueyo, S Rodríguez-Barceló, M Domínguez-Páez, G Ibáñez-Botella, B Márquez-Márquez, M A Arráez-Sánchez
INTRODUCTION: About 50% of the preterm neonates with a ventricular haemorrhage will develop posthaemorrhagic hydrocephalus. Medical treatment is not effective neither safe, does not reduce shunt's dependence and therefore can not be recommended; early and repetitive ventricular or lumbar punctures and the use of intraventricular fibrynolitic treatment have showed no effect on reducing patient's disability, shunt's necessity or mortality of these patients and furthermore, they can have several and important side effects...
February 2009: Neurocirugía
David Shooman, Howard Portess, Owen Sparrow
Posthaemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PHH) is a major problem for premature infants, generally requiring lifelong care. It results from small blood clots inducing scarring within CSF channels impeding CSF circulation. Transforming growth factor - beta is released into CSF and cytokines stimulate deposition of extracellular matrix proteins which potentially obstruct CSF pathways. Prolonged raised pressures and free radical damage incur poor neurodevelopmental outcomes. The most common treatment involves permanent ventricular shunting with all its risks and consequences...
2009: Cerebrospinal Fluid Research
H C Ludwig, T Kruschat, T Knobloch, H-O Teichmann, K Rostasy, V Rohde
Nd:YAG, argon and diode lasers have been used in neurosurgical procedures including neuroendoscopy. However, many neurosurgeons are reluctant to use these lasers because of their inappropriate wavelength and uncontrollable tissue interaction, which has the potential to cause serious complications. Recently, a 2.0-microm near infrared laser with adequate wavelength and minimal tissue penetration became available. This laser was developed for endoscopic neurosurgical procedures. It is the aim of the study to report the initial experiences with this laser in neuroendoscopic procedures...
July 2007: Neurosurgical Review
Axel Heep, Peter Bartmann, Birgit Stoffel-Wagner, Arie Bos, Eelco Hoving, Oebele Brouwer, Albert Teelken, Carlo Schaller, Deborah Sival
INTRODUCTION: The pathophysiology involved in human neonatal high-pressure hydrocephalus (HC) includes both cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) malabsorption and obstruction. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to estimate the relative contribution between CSF malabsorption and obstruction in three different etiological groups of neonatal high-pressure HC by assessment of specific CSF biomarkers indicative of growth factor- and fibrosis-related CSF malabsorption (transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF beta-1), aminoterminal propeptide of type 1 collagen (PC1NP)]...
October 2006: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"