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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527091/raven-coloured-progressive-matrices-in-migraine-without-aura-patients
#1
Giovanna Viticchi, Lorenzo Falsetti, Marco Bartolini, Laura Buratti, Lara Pistelli, Leandro Provinciali, Mauro Silvestrini
Conflicting results emerged from studies investigating cognitive performances in migraine patients. Based on clinical and neuroradiological aspects, the possible involvement of executive functions has been especially taken into consideration. The aim of this study was to evaluate, in a population of subjects affected by migraine without aura (MwoA), frontal lobe cognitive functions. We enrolled all the consecutive patients affected by MwoA referred to our headache centre for a first evaluation. Each patient underwent a neuropsychological evaluation including Raven coloured progressive matrices (CPM)...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523410/genomic-portrait-of-population-of-jharkhand-india-drawn-with-15-autosomal-strs-and-17-y-strs
#2
Jahangir Imam, Romana Reyaz, Rama Shankar Singh, Arun Kumar Bapuly, Pankaj Shrivastava
We analysed 15 autosomal STRs in 200 unrelated individuals (102 males and 98 females) and 17 Y-STRs in 102 unrelated males living in Jharkhand, India, to establish parameters of forensic interest. The examined autosomal STRs revealed high combined power of exclusion (CPE) and combined power of discrimination (CPD) as equal to 0.9999 and greater than 0.99999, respectively. The combined probability of match (CPm) and combined paternity index (CPI) for all 15 autosomal STR loci were found to be 5.15 × 10(-18) and 6...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520463/a-preclinical-assessment-of-early-continuous-passive-motion-and-treadmill-therapeutic-exercises-for-generating-chondroprotective-effects-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-rupture
#3
Nai-Jen Chang, Kuan-Wei Lee, Chih-Jou Chu, Ming-You Shie, Pei-Hsi Chou, Chih-Chan Lin, Peir-In Liang
BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury is a well-known risk factor for the development of posttraumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA). However, whether using continuous passive motion (CPM) with or without additional treadmill exercise (TRE) in early ACL injury might provide chondroprotective effects and further decrease the risk of PTOA has yet to be determined. HYPOTHESIS: CPM may offer an enhanced chondroprotective effect, but TRE may attenuate that effect due to the mechanical stress on the joint and inflammatory cytokines in the joint...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500261/osmotic-demyelination-syndrome-in-type-1-diabetes-in-the-absence-of-dyselectrolytaemia-an-overlooked-complication
#4
Chandramohan Sharma, Banshi Lal Kumawat, Maulik Panchal, Mohit Shah
Central pontine myelinolysis (CPM) is a demyelinating disorder of central nervous system which involves central portion of the pons and sometimes extrapontine areas also. It is commonly reported in settings of hyponatraemia or its rapid correction, but in the last few years it has also been reported in patients with diabetes in the absence of electrolyte disturbances or correction of serum osmolality. Here we report a case of a 20-year-old female patient, with a known history of type 1 diabetes mellitus, who presented with acute onset spastic quadriparesis with dysarthria and mild ataxia which evolved over 2 weeks...
May 12, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484718/adaptations-in-evoked-pain-sensitivity-and-conditioned-pain-modulation-after-development-of-chronic-neck-pain
#5
Bahar Shahidi, Katrina S Maluf
Numerous studies demonstrate elevated pain sensitivity and impaired conditioned pain modulation (CPM) in patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain compared to healthy individuals; however, the time course of changes in pain sensitivity and CPM after the development of a chronic pain condition is unclear. Secondary analysis of data from a prospective investigation examined changes in evoked pain sensitivity and CPM before and after development of chronic neck pain (CNP). 171 healthy office workers participated in a baseline assessment, followed by monthly online questionnaires to identify those who developed CNP over the subsequent year...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476478/kids-learn-how-to-save-lives-in-the-school-with-the-serious-game-relive
#6
Federico Semeraro, Antonio Frisoli, Claudio Loconsole, Nicola Mastronicola, Fabio Stroppa, Giuseppe Ristagno, Andrea Scapigliati, Luca Marchetti, Erga Cerchiari
INTRODUCTION: Relive is a serious game focusing on increasing kids and young adults' awareness on CPR. We evaluated the use of Relive on schoolchildren. METHODS: A longitudinal, prospective study was carried out in two high schools in Italy over a 8-month period, divided in three phases: baseline, competition, and retention. Improvement in schoolchildren's CPR awareness, in terms of knowledge (MCQ results) and skills (chest compression (CC) rate and depth), was evaluated...
May 2, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475142/radio-frequency-compatibility-evaluation-of-s-band-navigation-signals-for-future-beidou
#7
Yanbo Sun, Rui Xue, Danfeng Zhao, Dun Wang
With L band frequency allocations for satellite navigation getting more crowded, S band (2483.5-2500 MHz) is already allocated for navigation services, where Globalstar broadcasts downlink communications to user terminals. The Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) is transmitting navigation signals and Galileo exploits some potential signals in S band. Also, several candidate S band signals based on binary offset carrier (BOC), binary phase shift keying (BPSK), continuous phase modulation (CPM) and minimum shift keying-BOC (MSK-BOC) are suggested for BeiDou system (BDS)...
May 5, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463243/coded-aperture-correlation-holography-system-with-improved-performance-invited
#8
A Vijayakumar, Yuval Kashter, Roy Kelner, Joseph Rosen
Coded aperture correlation holography (COACH) is a recently introduced technique for recording incoherent digital holograms of general three-dimensional scenes. In COACH, a random-like coded phase mask (CPM) is used as a coded aperture. Even though the CPM is optimized to reduce background noise, there is still a substantial amount of noise, mitigating the performance of COACH. In order to reduce the noise, we first modify the hologram reconstruction method. Instead of computing the correlation between a complex hologram of the entire object and a hologram of a source point, in this study the numerical correlation is performed with a phase-only filter...
May 1, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449679/change-in-children-s-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-between-year-1-and-year-4-of-primary-school-in-the-b-proact1v-cohort
#9
Russell Jago, Emma Solomon-Moore, Corrie Macdonald-Wallis, Simon J Sebire, Janice L Thompson, Deborah A Lawlor
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine how children's and parents' physical activity changes from Year 1 (5-6) to Year 4 (8-9 years of age). METHODS: Data are from the Bristol (UK) B-PROACT1V cohort. Fifty-seven primary schools were recruited when the children were in Year 1, with 1299 children and their parents providing data. Forty-seven schools were re-recruited in Year 4, with 1223 children and parents providing data (685 of whom participated in Year 1)...
April 28, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442042/growth-arrest-specific-1-gas1-and-glial-cell-line-derived-neurotrophic-factor-receptor-%C3%AE-1-gfr%C3%AE-1-two-mouse-oocyte-glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored-proteins-are-involved-in-fertilisation
#10
M Agopiantz, L Xandre-Rodriguez, B Jin, G Urbistondoy, C Ialy-Radio, M Chalbi, J-P Wolf, A Ziyyat, B Lefèvre
Recently, Juno, the oocyte receptor for Izumo1, a male immunoglobulin, was discovered. Juno is an essential glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GIP)-anchored protein. This result did not exclude the participation of other GIP-anchored proteins in this process. After bibliographic and database searches we selected five GIP-anchored proteins (Cpm, Ephrin-A4, Gas1, Gfra1 and Rgmb) as potential oocyte candidates participating in fertilisation. Western blot and immunofluorescence analyses showed that only three were present on the mouse ovulated oocyte membrane and, of these, only two were clearly involved in the fertilisation process, namely growth arrest specific 1 (Gas1) and glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor receptor α1 (Gfrα1)...
April 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441956/what-happened-to-anti-malarial-markets-after-the-affordable-medicines-facility-malaria-pilot-trends-in-act-availability-price-and-market-share-from-five-african-countries-under-continuation-of-the-private-sector-co-payment-mechanism
#11
Sarah Tougher, Kara Hanson, Catherine Goodman
BACKGROUND: The private sector supplies anti-malarial treatment for large proportions of patients in sub-Saharan Africa. Following the large-scale piloting of the Affordable Medicines Facility-malaria (AMFm) from 2010 to 2011, a private sector co-payment mechanism (CPM) provided continuation of private sector subsidies for quality-assured artemisinin combination therapies (QAACT). This article analyses for the first time the extent to which improvements in private sector QAACT supply and distribution observed during the AMFm were maintained or intensified during continuation of the CPM through 2015 in Kenya, Madagascar, Nigeria, Tanzania and Uganda using repeat cross-sectional outlet survey data...
April 25, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439664/women-at-familial-risk-of-breast-cancer-electing-for-prophylactic-mastectomy-frequencies-procedures-and-decision-making-characteristics
#12
Sarah Schott, Lisa Vetter, Monika Keller, Thomas Bruckner, Michael Golatta, Sabine Eismann, Nicola Dikow, Christina Evers, Christof Sohn, Joerg Heil
BACKGROUND: Some women of families at high risk of breast cancer (BC) choose prophylactic mastectomy (PM) in spite of ambiguous evidence for survival benefits. The aim of this study was to investigate counselees' characteristics, decisions on PM, and frequencies of different procedures to better understand how to tailor interventions. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eight hundred and forty-nine counselees who attended interdisciplinary consultation for genetic risk adjustment at the University Hospital Heidelberg between July 2009 and July 2011 received a tripartite questionnaire addressing sociodemographic characteristics, psychological parameters, behavioural questions, and medical data...
June 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422585/validation-of-the-ipaq-against-different-accelerometer-cut-points-in-older-cancer-survivors-and-adults-at-risk-of-cancer
#13
Liane S Lewis, James Hernon, Allan Clark, John M Saxton
INTRODUCTION: The present study investigated the convergent validity of an interview-administered IPAQ long version (IPAQ-L) in an older population by comparison with objective accelerometry movement data. METHODS: Data from 52 participants (mean age 67.9 years, 62% male) were included in the analysis. Treadmill derived (TM-ACC: 1952-5724 cpm) and free-living physical activity (PA) derived (FL-ACC: 760-5724 cpm) accelerometer cut-points were used as criterion. RESULTS: IPAQ-L measures (total PA, leisure-time, walking-time, sedentary time) were significantly correlated with accelerometry (P≤0...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421318/mental-health-care-use-in-children-of-parents-with-mental-health-problems-results-of-the-bella-study
#14
A Plass-Christl, F Klasen, C Otto, C Barkmann, H Hölling, Toni Klein, S Wiegand-Grefe, M Schulte-Markwort, U Ravens-Sieberer
Whether parental mental health problems facilitate or hinder the use of mental health care of the parents´ children is still unclear. The present cross sectional study examined mental health care use and potential predictors in a population based sample. Children of parents with mental health problems (CPM) were nearly 5 times more likely to use mental health care compared to children of parents without mental health problems. A multiple regression analysis revealed that the most important predictors of mental health care use for CPM were active family life (OR = 2...
April 18, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420901/discrepancy-between-non-invasive-prenatal-genetic-testing-nipt-and-amniotic-chromosomal-test-due-to-placental-mosaicism-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#15
Kei Hayata, Yuji Hiramatsu, Hisashi Masuyama, Eriko Eto, Takashi Mitsui, Shoko Tamada
We experienced a case of advanced maternal age in which a fetus was found to be positive for trisomy 18 at re-examination following indeterminate non-invasive prenatal genetic testing (NIPT), the amniotic fluid chromosomal test revealed a normal karyotype, and confined placental mosaicism (CPM) was observed in an SNP microarray analysis of the placenta. The child was born with no defects or complications. In the present case, the result of the original NIPT at week 15 of pregnancy was indeterminate and the subsequent re-examination result was positive; since the definitive normal diagnosis was not reported until the latter half of week 21, the pregnant patient was subjected to psychological stress for a long period of time...
April 2017: Acta Medica Okayama
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420082/can-early-rehabilitation-prevent-posttraumatic-osteoarthritis-in-the-patellofemoral-joint-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-rupture-understanding-the-pathological-features
#16
Nai-Jen Chang, Ming-You Shie, Kuan-Wei Lee, Pei-Hsi Chou, Chih-Chan Lin, Chih-Jou Chu
Knee instability resulting from anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture is a high-risk factor for posttraumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) in the patellofemoral joint (PFJ). However, whether non-weight-bearing and weight-bearing treatments have chondroprotective effects remains unclear. Twenty-four adult New Zealand White male rabbits were employed in this study. All animals received ACL transection in the right knee and sham surgery in the left knee. The rabbits were randomly assigned to the following groups: (I) In the sedentary (SED) group, the rabbits (n = 6) were simply kept in their cage; (II) In the continuous passive motion (CPM) group, the rabbits (n = 6) performed CPM exercise for 7 days, starting from the first postoperative day; (III) In the active treadmill exercise (TRE) group, the rabbits (n = 6) performed TRE for 2 weeks; (IV) In the CPM + TRE group, the rabbits (n = 6) executed CPM exercise, followed by TRE...
April 14, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419527/the-rectosigmoid-brake-review-of-an-emerging-neuromodulation-target-for-colorectal-functional-disorders
#17
Anthony Y Lin, Phil G Dinning, Tony Milne, Ian P Bissett, Gregory O'Grady
The regulation of gastrointestinal motility encompasses several overlapping mechanisms including highly regulated and coordinated neurohormonal circuits. Various feedback mechanisms or 'brakes' have been proposed. While duodenal, jejunal, and ileal brakes are well described, a putative distal colonic brake is less well defined. Despite the high prevalence of colonic motility disorders, there is little knowledge of colonic motility owing to difficulties with organ access and technical difficulties in recording detailed motor patterns along its entire length...
April 16, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418103/neurogenic-and-myogenic-patterns-of-electrical-activity-in-isolated-intact-mouse-colon
#18
T J Hibberd, M Costa, L Travis, S J H Brookes, D A Wattchow, J Feng, H Hu, N J Spencer
BACKGROUND: Relatively little is known about the electrical rhythmicity of the whole colon, where long neural pathways are preserved. METHODS: Smooth muscle electrical activity was recorded extracellularly from the serosa of isolated flat-sheet preparations consisting of the whole mouse colon (n=31). KEY RESULTS: Two distinct electrical patterns were observed. The first, long intense spike bursts, occurred every 349±256 seconds (0.2±0.2 cpm), firing action potentials for 31±11 seconds at 2...
April 18, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409497/identification-of-myoelectric-signals-of-pregnant-rat-uterus-new-method-to-detect-myometrial-contraction
#19
Kálmán F Szűcs, György Grosz, Miklós Süle, Anikó Nagy, Zita Tiszai, Reza Samavati, Róbert Gáspár
AIM: To develop an electromyography method for pregnant rat uterus in vivo and to separate myometrial signals from the gastrointestinal tract signals. METHODS: Pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats (n=8) were anaesthetized and their stomach, small intestine, and large intestine were removed from the abdomen. A pair of thread electrodes was inserted into the uterus, while a pair of disk electrodes was placed subcutaneously above the myometrium. Additionally, a strain gauge sensor was fixed on the surface of the myometrium and cecum for the parallel detection of mechanical contractions in rats (n=18) with intact gastrointestinal tract...
April 14, 2017: Croatian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403269/mid-face-volumization-with-hyaluronic-acid-injection-technique-and-safety-aspects-from-a-controlled-randomized-double-blind-clinical-study
#20
Welf Prager, Karla Agsten, Maria Kravtsov, Prof Martina Kerscher
<p>BACKGROUND: Injection of hyaluronic acid (HA) volumizing fillers in the malar area is intended for rejuvenation of the mid-face. The choice of products, depth, and technique of injection depends on the desired level of volume enhancement and practitioners' preferences.</p> <p>OBJECTIVE: To describe a volumizing injection technique in the scope of a controlled, randomized, double-blind, single-center, split-face clinical study. MATERIALS & METHODS: A total of 45 subjects with bilateral symmetrical moderate to severe volume loss in the malar area received a single 2 mL injection of CPM®-26 (Cohesive Polydensified Matrix®) on one side and VYC®-20 (VYCROSS®) on the contralateral side of the face...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
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