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Anatomic variants paranasal sinus

Marco Capelli, Patrizia Gatti
INTRODUCTION: Inflammatory diseases of the maxillary sinus favour the thickening of the sinus mucosa. Therefore, it might be possible to establish a radiological, pathological threshold of mucosal thickening. Furthermore, there is an association between common anatomic variants of the nose and maxillary mucosal thickening. AIM: To define the pathological thickening of maxillary sinus mucosa and its association with the presence of common anatomic variants (concha bullosa, Haller's cell and accessory maxillary ostium)...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Estushi Iida, Yoshimi Anzai
This article reviews the normal anatomy and variants of the anterior skull base and sinonasal cavities that are relevant to endoscopic sinus and skull base surgery. Radiologists should be aware of sinonasal anatomy that can be impediments to surgical access and increase risk of vascular or cranial nerve injury during surgery. Imaging features of the paranasal sinuses and anterior skull base pathologies are also discussed.
January 2017: Radiologic Clinics of North America
Johnny Wu, Ravi Jain, Richard Douglas
OBJECTIVE: The role of anatomical variants of the paranasal sinuses in the aetiology of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is not well understood. Furthermore, the effect of anatomical variants on long-term outcomes has not been described. This study aims to assess the effects of anatomical variants of the middle meatus on patients with limited and diffuse CRS. METHODS: A database analysis was conducted for patients with limited sinusitis (undergoing anterior FESS) and patients with diffuse sinusitis (undergoing complete FESS) between 2009 and 2013...
September 8, 2016: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Raluca Ancuta Roman, Mihaela Hedeşiu, Mirela Gersak, Floarea Fidan, Grigore Băciuţ, Mihaela Băciuţ
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To asses, by using the Cone Beam CT (CBCT) reformatted images, the presence of anatomical variants of the sinonasal cavities and to determine the correlation of these variations with the onset of maxillary sinus inflammations. METHOD: The study is a retrospective one and consists of the investigation of 130 patients with CBCT imaging, patients that were referred to the Maxillo-Facial Clinic, Radiology Department of the Iuliu Hatieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy in Cluj-Napoca, for clinical symptoms of sinusitis within a period of 24 months...
2016: Clujul Medical (1957)
Vandana Mendiratta, Nitish Baisakhiya, Dalbir Singh, Ginni Datta, Amit Mittal, Parveen Mendiratta
To evaluate the incidence of anatomical variations in sinonasal area by nasal endoscopy and CT scan paranasal sinuses and to correlate the anatomical variations in sinonasal area with extent of disease. The present study was conducted on 40 patients of chronic sinusitis. All the patients underwent CT scan paranasal sinus axial and coronal view and nasal endoscopy. The most common anatomical variations were agger nasi cells (80 %), deviated nasal septum (72.5 %) and concha bullosa (47.5 %). Other anatomical variations seen in sinonasal region were uncinate process variations, paradoxical middle turbinate, haller cells, accessory ostia of maxillary sinus, multiseptated sphenoid...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
Paolo Farneti, Anna Riboldi, Vittorio Sciarretta, Ottavio Piccin, Paolo Tarchini, Ernesto Pasquini
PURPOSE: The endoscopic bidimensional vision offered by the endoscope during endoscopic sinus surgery involves difficulty in visualizing surgical field depth which makes it difficult to learn this surgical technique and makes it necessary for the endoscopic surgeon to mentally create a three-dimensional (3D) picture of the paranasal sinuses anatomy. In particular, frontal recess surgery requires good knowledge of its anatomic position, also since it is necessary to use angled endoscopes, which distort the view, and angular instruments which are difficult to use...
May 18, 2016: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Imen Ben Salha, Shree Bhide, Despoina Mourtzoukou, Cyril Fisher, Khin Thway
Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is a malignant neoplasm that mainly affects the salivary glands but has been described in many other anatomical sites. It is composed of basaloid cells with myoepithelial/basal cell differentiation and ductal epithelial cells that proliferate in a fibrous stroma, with variable amounts of myxohyaline material. Three patterns (cribriform, tubular, and solid) occur, and the solid variant is characterized by a predominant compact sheet-like and nested pattern of rounded basaloid cells lacking obvious cribriform or tubular architecture...
August 2016: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
Patricia Anne Loftus, Juan Lin, Abtin Tabaee
BACKGROUND: The incidence and potential disease impact of paranasal sinus anatomic variants in patients with recurrent acute rhinosinusitis (RARS) has important implications for management, including surgery, but is incompletely defined. METHODS: A retrospective review of 26 patients with RARS who had undergone computed tomography (CT) was performed. Patient demographics, RARS severity and comorbidities were reviewed. CT scans were reviewed for the incidence of anatomic variants in all patients...
March 2016: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
Saurabh Kumar, Arun Paul, Abhishek Ghosh, Rohan Raut
The term juvenile ossifying fibroma (JOF) is used in literature in naming two microscopically distinct fibro-osseous lesions of the craniofacial skeleton. One is characterized by small uniform spherical ossicles resembling psammoma bodies (psammomatoid JOF [PsJOF]). The other is distinguished by trabeculae of fibrillary osteoid and woven bone (trabecular JOF). Psammomatoid ossifying fibromas represent a unique subset of fibro-osseous lesions of the craniofacial region. PsJOF has been distinguished because of its location, clinical behavior, and age of occurrence...
October 2015: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
Sanjay Vaid, Neelam Vaid
It is imperative for all imaging specialists to be familiar with detailed multiplanar CT anatomy of the paranasal sinuses and adjacent structures. This article reviews the radiologically relevant embryology of this complex region and discusses the region-specific CT anatomy of the paranasal sinuses and surrounding structures. Radiologists also need to know the clinical implications of identifying preoperatively the numerous anatomic variations encountered in this region and prepare a structured report according to the expectations of the referring clinician...
November 2015: Neuroimaging Clinics of North America
Amin Rahpeyma, Saeedeh Khajehahmadi
Open sinus lift surgery is a form of pre-prosthetic surgery for increasing the quality and quantity of bone in the posterior region of the maxilla. Pre-operative assessment of the maxillary sinus is essential for the success of this surgery. PubMed search was carried out in English language literature for open sinus lift surgery and cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). The results focused on anatomic variants, vascular anatomy, complications, osteotomy/ostectomy window dimensions and thickness of the Schneiderian Membrane...
September 2015: Journal of International Oral Health: JIOH
Salvatore V Labruzzo, Nafi Aygun, S James Zinreich
The purpose of this article is to identify and define the appropriate imaging techniques in the evaluation of post-functional endoscopic surgery (FESS) complications. Although most complications encountered during FESS are identified readily during surgery, some are less conspicuous and require postoperative imaging. As illustrated in this article, these include cerebrospinal fluid leak, vascular injury, brain injury, orbital injury, and infectious complications of the brain and meninges. Some of the common anatomic variants of the paranasal sinuses are identified, and how these may predispose to surgical complications is discussed...
October 2015: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
Katya A Shpilberg, Simon C Daniel, Amish H Doshi, William Lawson, Peter M Som
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of sinonasal anatomic variants and to assess their relation to sinonasal mucosal disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective evaluation of 192 sinus CT examinations of patients with a clinical history of rhinosinusitis was conducted. The CT scans were evaluated for the presence of several anatomic variants of the sinonasal cavities, and the prevalence of each variant was calculated. Prevalences of all sinonasal anatomic variants were compared between patients who had minimal to no apparent imaging evidence of rhinosinusitis and those who had radiologic evidence of clinically significant rhinosinusitis...
June 2015: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
B Anusha, A Baharudin, R Philip, S Harvinder, B Mohd Shaffie, R R Ramiza
PURPOSE: Failure of a surgeon to understand the local variations of the anatomical landmarks of the sphenoid sinus is a potential risk factor to cause damage to the optic nerve (ON) or internal carotid artery (ICA) that lies on the walls of the sphenoid sinus. The aim of this study was to identify the anatomical variants of the sphenoid sinus and its related surrounding structures among the Southeast Asian (SEA) population, based on computed tomography (CT) scans. MATERIALS AND METHODOLOGY: This cross-sectional study analyzed 300 CT scans of the brain, paranasal sinuses (PNS), and head and neck (H&N) at a tertiary referral centre in Malaysia utilizing the Osirix software...
December 2015: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Shruthi K Rereddy, David M Johnson, Sarah K Wise
BACKGROUND: There may be substantial variation in paranasal sinus pneumatization across patients and between right and left sides. Patients with extensive sinus aeration, especially of the sphenoid sinus and along the skull base, often have protrusion of critical structures into the pneumatized sinus cavities, which potentially places these structures at risk during sinus surgery. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate associations between anatomic markers of increased paranasal sinus aeration along the skull base and to determine whether the presence of certain markers predicts other critical anatomic variants...
November 2014: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
Anita Aramani, R N Karadi, Saurabh Kumar
BACKGROUND: Chronic rhino sinusitis (CRS) is the most common disease for which consultation of otorhinolaryngologist is sought. The approach to patients with chronic rhino sinusitis is endoscopic surgery which aims at removing the obstruction of the main drainage pathway. The osteomeatal complex based essentially on the concept that such obstruction perpetuates the sinus disease. This in turn requires the surgeons to have detailed knowledge of the anatomy of the lateral nasal wall, paranasal sinuses and surrounding vital structures and of the large number of anatomical variants in the region...
October 2014: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Edwin T Parks
The paranasal sinuses are 4 paired airspaces that border the nasal cavity. Dental professionals are most familiar with the maxillary sinuses as viewed in 2-D imaging (eg, periapical, panoramic projections). With increasing implementation of 3-D imaging, specifically cone beam CT, there is a high probability that much or all of the paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity will be captured in a scan. It is incumbent on practitioners to be familiar with all the structures contained within a scanned area. The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of the anatomy of the nasal cavity as well as common anatomic variants and pathologic entities...
July 2014: Dental Clinics of North America
Hosam Elnil, Jarrah A Al-Tubaikh, Ahmed H El Beltagi
An ectopic course of the infraorbital nerve is a very rare anatomical variant of the sinonasal anatomy that carries the risk of inadvertent nerve injury during functional endoscopic sinus surgery. We describe herein a case of bilateral ectopic course of the infraorbital nerve into a maxillary sinus septum detected on computed tomography in a patient complaining of chronic headache and facial pain.
April 2014: Neuroradiology Journal
A S Lopatin, N Z Sakhokia, R M Gasymov
Spontaneous nasal liquorrhea (SNL) is a pathological condition previously regarded as a casuistic one but increasingly frequently described in the current literature. The present review is focused on the causes of SNL, such as the anomalous anatomical structure of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. One of the variants of the anatomical structure is the so-called Sternberg canal. Its anatomical structure and formation in the course of embryonic development are described. The presence of the Sternberg canal in the adult subjects is considered to be the main cause underlying SNL and meningoencephalocele originating from the lateral parts of the sphenoidal sinus...
2014: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
Valerie J Lund, Heinz Stammberger, Wytske J Fokkens, Tim Beale, Manuel Bernal-Sprekelsen, Philippe Eloy, Christos Georgalas, Claus Gerstenberger, Peter Hellings, Philippe Herman, Werner G Hosemann, Roger Jankowski, Nick Jones, Mark Jorissen, Andreas Leunig, Metin Onerci, Joanne Rimmer, Philippe Rombaux, Daniel Simmen, Peter Valentin Tomazic, Manfred Tschabitscherr, Antje Welge-Luessen
The advent of endoscopic sinus surgery led to a resurgence of interest in the detailed anatomy of the internal nose and paranasal sinuses. However, the official Terminologica Anatomica used by basic anatomists omits many of the structures of surgical importance. This led to numerous clinical anatomy papers and much discussion about the exact names and definitions for the structures of surgical relevance. This European Position Paper on the Anatomical Terminology of the Internal Nose and Paranasal Sinuses was conceived to re-evaluate the anatomical terms in common usage by endoscopic sinus surgeons and to compare this with the official Terminologica Anatomica...
March 2014: Rhinology. Supplement
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