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Echocardiography, tavi

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898433/transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-in-nonagenarians
#1
Adam Penkalla, Joerg Kempfert, Axel Unbehaun, Semih Buz, Thorsten Drews, Miralem Pasic, Volkmar Falk
OBJECTIVE: In this report, we assess the outcome of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) in nonagenarians at our institution during a 6-year period. METHODS: Between April 2008 and July 2014, 40 patients with a mean ± SD age of 91.8 ± 2.3 years (range, 90-98 years) underwent TAVI. Thirty-three patients (82.5%) received transapical TAVI, and seven patients (17.5%) received transfemoral TAVI. Baseline characteristics were as follows: mean ± SD EuroSCORE II, 23...
November 28, 2016: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883973/left-ventricular-adaptation-after-tavi-evaluated-by-conventional-and-speckle-tracking-echocardiography
#2
Zisis Dimitriadis, Smita Scholtz, Stephan Ensminger, Marcus Wiemer, Thomas Fischbach, Werner Scholtz, Cornelia Piper, Jochen Börgermann, Thomas Bitter, Dieter Horstkotte, Lothar Faber
OBJECTIVE: Our study aimed to evaluate myocardial adaption and outcome after transfemoral aortic valve implantation (TAVI TF) for severe aortic stenosis by LV ejection fraction (LVEF) and speckle tracking analysis. METHODS AND RESULTS: From 168 patients who underwent TAVI TF between 2010 and 2013 in our institution, n=95 with a follow-up period ≥3months were included and grouped (G) according to baseline left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF; G1: LVEF<40%, G2: 40%-55%, G3: >55%)...
November 9, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846458/predictive-factor-and-clinical-consequence-of-left-bundle-branch-block-after-a-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation
#3
Takahiko Nishiyama, Sho Tanosaki, Makoto Tanaka, Ryo Yanagisawa, Fumiaki Yashima, Takehiro Kimura, Takahide Arai, Hikaru Tsuruta, Mitsushige Murata, Yoshiyasu Aizawa, Takashi Kohno, Yuichiro Maekawa, Kentaro Hayashida, Seiji Takatsuki, Keiichi Fukuda
BACKGROUND: Atrioventricular conduction disturbances can develop after transcatherter aortic valve implantations (TAVIs) with balloon-expandable valves because the conduction system exists adjacent to the aortic valve. However, the clinical consequence of patients with new onset conduction disturbances is not clear. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the incidence and progress of new-onset conduction disturbances following TAVIs and the cardiac function evaluated by echocardiography...
November 9, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830464/2d-to-3d-fusion-of-echocardiography-and-cardiac-ct-for-tavr-and-tavi-image-guidance
#4
Azira Khalil, Amir Faisal, Khin Wee Lai, Siew Cheok Ng, Yih Miin Liew
This study proposed a registration framework to fuse 2D echocardiography images of the aortic valve with preoperative cardiac CT volume. The registration facilitates the fusion of CT and echocardiography to aid the diagnosis of aortic valve diseases and provide surgical guidance during transcatheter aortic valve replacement and implantation. The image registration framework consists of two major steps: temporal synchronization and spatial registration. Temporal synchronization allows time stamping of echocardiography time series data to identify frames that are at similar cardiac phase as the CT volume...
November 9, 2016: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793402/one-year-outcomes-of-transcatheter-aortic%C3%A2-valve-implantation-using-the-direct%C3%A2-aortic%C3%A2-approach
#5
Giuseppe Bruschi, Marian Branny, Molly Schiltgen, Federica Ettori, Bertrand Marcheix, Hafid Amrane, Hasan Bushnaq, M Erwin S H Tan, Uday Trivedi, Piotr Branny, Silvio Klugmann, Giuseppe Coletti, Nicolas Dumonteil, Fabiano Porta, Anna Nordell, Neil Moat
BACKGROUND: The direct aortic (DA) approach allows for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) in patients with difficult peripheral vascular anatomy. The CoreValve ADVANCE Direct Aortic (ADVANCE DA) study was performed to assess the outcomes of DA TAVI with the CoreValve System (Medtronic, Minneapolis, MN) in routine practice. METHODS: Patients were selected for the DA approach by local cardiac surgical teams, and TAVI was performed with patients under general anesthesia...
October 25, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779335/left-ventricular-stiffness-predicts-outcome-in-patients-with-severe-aortic-stenosis-undergoing-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation
#6
Lorenzo Conte, Iacopo Fabiani, Nicola R Pugliese, Cristina Giannini, Salvatore La Carruba, Marco Angelillis, Paolo Spontoni, Marco De Carlo, Anna Sonia Petronio, Vitantonio Di Bello
OBJECTIVES: Assessment of the prognostic role of left ventricular stiffness (LVS) in patients with aortic stenosis (AS) undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). METHODS: We performed a complete two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiographic study before and after TAVI in patients with severe AS at high surgical risk. In order to assess LVS, we measured LV end-diastolic pressure (EDP) invasively during TAVI and LV end-diastolic volume (EDV) by means of echocardiography...
October 25, 2016: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732925/echocardiographic-pulmonary-hypertension-probability-is-associated-with-clinical-outcomes-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation
#7
V J Nijenhuis, M P Huitema, V M M Vorselaars, M J Swaans, T de Kroon, J A S van der Heyden, B J W M Rensing, R Heijmen, J M Ten Berg, M C Post
AIMS: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is associated with mortality after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). However, diagnosis based on tricuspid regurgitant velocity (TRV) is often inaccurate and unreliable. The updated PH guidelines introduced a PH probability grading implementing additional PH signs on transthoracic echocardiography (TTE), from which we aimed to analyse its effects on clinical outcomes in patients undergoing TAVI. METHODS AND RESULTS: We included 591 consecutive patients (mean age 80...
October 6, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696659/transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-with-a-sapien-3-commander-20-mm-valves-in-patients-with-degenerated-19-mm-bioprosthetic-aortic-valve
#8
Pranav Loyalka, Angelo Nascimbene, Michael Schechter, Marija Petrovic, Ajay Sundara Raman, Igor D Gregoric, Biswajit Kar
INTRODUCTION: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) in patients with degenerated bioprosthetic aortic valve has been successfully performed as an alternative to surgery. We describe our initial experience of valve-in-valve TAVI in five patients, using new generation Edwards Sapien 3 transcatheter heart valves implanted into degenerated 19 mm bioprosthetic valves. 20-mm Edwards S3 valves were offered for compassionate use. All patients had significant aortic valve stenosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: The main vascular access was achieved and pre-closed with two Proglide closure devices in one patient and Prostar closure devices in four patients...
October 3, 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27640027/leaflet-motion-abnormality-after-tavi-genuine-threat-or-much-ado-about-nothing
#9
Tarun Chakravarty, Yigal Abramowitz, Hasan Jilaihawi, Raj R Makkar
Symptomatic transcatheter heart valve (THV) thrombosis is noted in up to 1% of patients after transcatheter aortic valve replacement. Recently, hypoattenuated leaflet thickening and reduced leaflet motion of bioprosthetic aortic valves associated with normal transvalvular gradients (and possibly related to subclinical leaflet thrombosis) have been reported. While trans-thoracic echocardiography is a useful initial screening imaging modality for the detection of symptomatic THV thrombosis associated with elevated transvalvular gradients, it has limited utility in the detection of subclinical THV thrombosis...
September 18, 2016: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27615712/health-related-quality-of-life-after-transapical-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation
#10
Christian E Rex, Johan Heiberg, Kaj-Erik Klaaborg, Vibeke E Hjortdal
PURPOSE: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TA-TAVI) is a well-established treatment for aortic valve stenosis in high-risk patients and indications have been continuously expanding to also include intermediate-risk patients. However, in low-risk patients, experiences are still sparse and although clinical outcomes have been shown favorable results, HRQoL has remained unexplored. The aim of this report was to describe the long-term health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL) in low-risk patients randomized to TA-TAVI or surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR)...
September 28, 2016: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612848/paravalvular-leak-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-is-it-anatomically-predictable-or-procedurally-determined-mdct-study
#11
A A Sakrana, M M Nasr, G A Ashamallah, R A Abuelatta, H A Naeim, M E Tahlawi
AIM: To investigate the determinants of paravalvular leak (PVL) occurring after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and eight patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis (mean age 75.5±11.8 years, 72.2% male) underwent contrast-enhanced electrocardiogram (ECG)-gated multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) then successful TAVI. The following parameters were determined in the late systolic phase: annular and left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) diameters, annular perimeter, ellipticity index, annular area, indexed annular area, LVOT perimeter, annulus/LVOT perimeter difference ratio, the LVOT to ascending aorta angle (< LVOT-AO)...
November 2016: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610250/platypnea-orthodeoxia-syndrome-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation
#12
Andrew K Roy, Jerome Garot, Antoinette Neylon, Marco Spaziano, Fadi J Sawaya, Thierry Lefèvre
Progressive dyspnea and hypoxaemia in the subacute phase after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) are uncommon and warrant immediate assessment of valve and prosthesis leaflet function to exclude thrombosis, as well as investigation for other causes related to the procedure, such as left ventricular dysfunction, pulmonary embolism, and respiratory sepsis. In this case, we report the observation of a patient presenting two weeks after TAVI with arterial hypoxaemia in an upright position, relieved by lying flat, and coupled with an intracardiac shunt detected on echocardiography in the absence of pulmonary hypertension, raising the suspicion of Platypnea-Orthodeoxia Syndrome (POS)...
2016: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27542790/multicentre-clinical-study-evaluating-a-novel-resheathable-annular-functioning-self-expanding-transcatheter-aortic-valve-system-safety-and-performance-results-at-30-days-with-the-portico-system
#13
Ganesh Manoharan, Axel Linke, Helge Moellmann, Simon Redwood, Christian Frerker, Jan Kovac, Thomas Walther
AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and performance of the resheathable and repositionable St. Jude Medical Portico self-expanding transfemoral TAVI system. METHODS AND RESULTS: This prospective, single-arm, multicentre study evaluated the 18 Fr Portico system with either a 23 or a 25 mm valve. Patient follow-up was at 30, 90, 180 days and one year. Results up to 30 days are presented. Adverse events were categorised by VARC definitions and adjudicated by an independent events committee...
August 20, 2016: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27464964/a-granular-approach-to-improve-reproducibility-of-the-echocardiographic-assessment-of-paravalvular-regurgitation-after-tavi
#14
Mohammad Abdelghani, Ben Ren, Ernest Spitzer, Hiroki Tateishi, Hans Jonker, Marcel L Geleijnse, Jan G Tijssen, Robbert J de Winter, Patrick W J C Serruys, Osama I I Soliman
Paravalvular leak (PVL) after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is challenging to quantitate. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is the main tool used for the assessment of PVL but is modestly reproducible. We sought to develop a reproducible echocardiographic approach to assess PVL in the post-TAVI setting. Four observers independently analyzed eleven parameters of PVL severity in 50 pre-discharge TTE studies performed after TAVI. The parameters included color-Doppler parameters [jet circumferential extent (CE) and planimetered vena contracta area in the short-axis view and jet breadth and qualitative features in the long-axis views], continuous-wave Doppler parameters [jet velocity time integral (VTI) and pressure half time (PHT)], quantitative Doppler parameters (regurgitation volume and fraction and effective regurgitant orifice area), aortic diastolic flow reversal and valve stent eccentricity...
October 2016: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27457965/impact-of-mitral-geometry-and-global-afterload-on-improvement-of-mitral-regurgitation-after-trans-catheter-aortic-valve-implantation
#15
Y Tayyareci, R Dworakowski, P Kogoj, J Reiken, C Kenny, P MacCarthy, O Wendler, M J Monaghan
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of mitral geometry, left ventricular (LV) remodelling and global LV afterload on mitral regurgitation (MR) after trans-catheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). METHODS: In this study, 60 patients who underwent TAVI were evaluated by 3D echocardiography at baseline, 1 month and 6 months after procedure. The proportional change in MR following TAVI was determined by examining the percentage change in vena contracta (VC) at 6 months...
September 2016: Echo Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27445028/prosthetic-valve-endocarditis-7-months-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-diagnosed-with-3d-tee
#16
Cenk Sarı, Tahir Durmaz, Bilge Duran Karaduman, Telat Keleş, Hüseyin Bayram, Serdal Baştuğ, Mehmet Burak Özen, Nihal Akar Bayram, Emine Bilen, Hüseyin Ayhan, Hacı Ahmet Kasapkara, Engin Bozkurt
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) was introduced as an alternative treatment for patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis for whom surgery would be high-risk. Prosthetic aortic valve endocarditis is a serious complication of surgical AVR (SAVR) with high morbidity and mortality. According to recent cases, post-TAVI prosthetic valve endocarditis (PVE) seems to occur very rarely. We present the case of a 75-year-old woman who underwent TAVI (Edwards Saphien XT) with an uneventful postoperative stay...
March 2016: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology: HJC, Hellēnikē Kardiologikē Epitheōrēsē
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27440023/-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation
#17
Yusuke Shimahara, Junjiro Kobayashi
The advent of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has been rapidly evolving the treatment of the severe aortic stenosis in patients with comorbidities that lead to being high-risk for conventional aortic valve replacement. The patient selection for TAVI is carefully made by a multidisciplinary heart team. An accurate preoperative assessment of the computed tomography angiography and transesophageal echocardiography are necessary for procedural success. In Japan, SAPIEN XT and CoreValve are available, and Lotus Valve is under clinical trial...
July 2016: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27404672/prognostic-value-of-aortic-regurgitation-after-tavi-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#18
Mathias Possner, Jan Vontobel, Thi Dan Linh Nguyen-Kim, Christoph Zindel, Erik W Holy, Simon F Stämpfli, Michel Zuber, Philipp A Kaufmann, Fabian Nietlispach, Francesco Maisano, Markus Niemann, Felix C Tanner
BACKGROUND: Aortic regurgitation (AR) after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) for severe aortic valve stenosis results in major haemodynamic changes. Influence of post-implant AR and aortic valve calcification on outcome in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is unclear. METHODS: Short-term outcome was defined as a combined 30-day endpoint, long-term outcome as survival. Post-implant AR was classified as none/mild or moderate/severe using transthoracic echocardiography...
October 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27404506/transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-in-obese-patients-overcoming-technical-challenges-and-maintaining-adequate-hemodynamic-performance-using-new-generation-prostheses
#19
Stephan Kische, Giuseppe D'Ancona, Hüseyin U Agma, Gihan El-Achkar, Martin Dißmann, Jasmin Ortak, Alper Öner, Ulrike Ketterer, Anne Bärisch, Benny Levenson, Hüseyin Ince
BACKGROUND: Second-generation TAVI prostheses may enhance the procedure reducing operative time and complications rate, maintaining adequate valve hemodynamic performance. We present our results with 2 new generation trans-catheter aortic valve (TAVI) prostheses in obese patients. METHODS: A series of 172 patients underwent trans-femoral TAVI with new generation prostheses (Direct Flow Medical, DFM®, and LOTUS®). Two groups were identified according to body mass index (BMI): group NO (125) BMI<30kg/m(2) and group O (47) BMI≥30kg/m(2)...
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27389731/distal-coronary-embolisation-during-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation
#20
Akira Tsujimura, Naritatsu Saito, Kenji Minakata, Takeshi Kimura
A 92-year-old woman was admitted to a hospital with severe aortic valve stenosis for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). TAVI was performed under general anaesthesia. After balloon valvuloplasty, the patient became hypotensive and transesophageal echocardiography showed severe aortic regurgitation with severely depressed left ventricular wall motion. A 26 mm Sapien XT valve was deployed. However, the ventricular wall motion was still severely depressed. Coronary angiography showed occlusion of the mid-left anterior descending (LAD) artery...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
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