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Organization commitment

Felix Miedaner, Ludwig Kuntz, Christian Enke, Bernhard Roth, Anika Nitzsche
BACKGROUND: Physician and nursing shortages in acute and critical care settings require research on factors which might drive their commitment, an important predictor of absenteeism and turnover. However, the degree to which the commitment of a physician or a nurse is driven by individual or organizational characteristics in hospitals remains unclear. In addition, there is a need for a greater understanding of how antecedent-commitment relationships differ between both occupational groups...
March 15, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
David E Newman-Toker, J Matthew Austin, Jordan Derk, Melissa Danforth, Mark L Graber
BACKGROUND: A 2015 National Academy of Medicine report on improving diagnosis in health care made recommendations for direct action by hospitals and health systems. Little is known about how health care provider organizations are addressing diagnostic safety/quality. METHODS: This study is an anonymous online survey of safety professionals from US hospitals and health systems in July-August 2016. The survey was sent to those attending a Leapfrog Group webinar on misdiagnosis (n=188)...
June 27, 2017: Diagnosis
Jill Viglione
Currently, both researchers and criminal justice agencies recognize the need to consider evidence-based practices (EBPs) as means to provide effective supervision and reduce recidivism rates. Research documents the importance of organizational characteristics in relation to EBP adoption and implementation, including organizational climate, commitment to the organization, and cynicism for change. Using data collected through surveys of 251 probation staff nested within 12 probation agencies in the United States, the current study utilizes Hierarchical Linear Modeling to examine the association of these important organizational characteristics with probation staff reported attitudes toward EBPs...
April 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Cesar Nombela
On November 21, 2017, Professor Julio R. Villanueva died in Salamanca. Born on April 27, 1928 in Villamayor, council of Piloña (Asturias), he lived almost to the age of 90. His was an accomplished life, full of endeavors and exciting works in the world of research and teaching, which earned him very broad recognition both in Spain and the international arena. Villanueva was undoubtedly the driving force of Fundamental Microbiology in Spain. His early steps came at a time when experimental biology was arriving at an important new age, using microbial systems for experimentation that lead to general conclusions about all living beings...
December 2017: International Microbiology: the Official Journal of the Spanish Society for Microbiology
Violaine Herrbach, Fabienne Maillet, Sandra Bensmihen
Almost all legume plants have the capacity to form two types of root organs: lateral roots and nodules (that will host rhizobia that fix nitrogen). Transcriptomic analyses are useful to understand both the similarities and differences between nodule and LR formation and to compare the LR developmental programs used by Arabidopsis and model legumes such as Medicago truncatula. However, in M. truncatula as in Arabidopsis, root cells "committed" to LR formation programs are scattered along the primary root and localized in the inner most layers of the root...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Robert C Myrtle
Perhaps in no other period in recent times have the challenges leaders face been so profound. In these times of uncertainty and turbulence, we look to leaders who create a sense of purpose, who generate feelings of trust and optimism, and who tap the passion, talent, and efforts of those so essential to the success of the organization and of the people it serves. Our research suggests that becoming the leader whom people look to and admire requires an active commitment to responding to 5 essential leadership challenges...
March 9, 2018: Health Care Manager
Judy Keefe, Kathy Cern, Sharon Wiita, Amy Raubenolt, Elizabeth Atkins
Disaster preparedness has come to the forefront for hospitals since the 9/11 attacks in 2001. Many improvements have been made in emergency management and planning for catastrophic events. Both urban and community hospitals have the same responsibilities and commitments to their patients and communities. When the announcement was made that the 2016 Republican National Convention was going to be held in Cleveland, OH, Cleveland Clinic Akron General (CCAG) had to be confident in its abilities to handle any situation that might arise not just as a community hospital but also as a Level I trauma center...
March 2018: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
Elena Gallio, Francesca Romana Giglioli, Andrea Girardi, Alessia Guarneri, Umberto Ricardi, Roberto Ropolo, Riccardo Ragona, Christian Fiandra
PURPOSE: Automated treatment planning is a new frontier in radiotherapy. The Auto-Planning module of the Pinnacle3 treatment planning system (TPS) was evaluated for liver stereotactic body radiation therapy treatments. METHODS: Ten cases were included in the study. Six plans were generated for each case by four medical physics experts. The first two planned with Pinnacle TPS, both with manual module (MP) and Auto-Planning one (AP). The other two physicists generated two plans with Monaco TPS (VM)...
February 2018: Physica Medica: PM
Rakesh S Joshi, Dhirendra Shrivastava, Richard Grady, Anjana Kundu, Jaishri Ramji, Pramod P Reddy, Joao Luiz Pippi-Salle, Jennifer R Frazier, Douglas A Canning, Aseem R Shukla
Importance: International collaboration to alleviate the massive burden of surgical disease is recognized by World Health Organization as an urgent need, yet the surgical mission model to treat reconstructive surgical challenges is often constrained in ensuring adequate patient follow-up, optimal outcomes, and sustainability. Objective: To determine whether a collaboration predicated on long-term commitment by surgeons returning to the same institution annually combined with an experienced host surgical team and infrastructure to ensure sustained patient follow-up could provide surgical care with acceptable outcomes to treat bladder exstrophy-epispadias complex (BE) and penopubic epispadias (PE)...
March 7, 2018: JAMA Surgery
Samantha E Kaplan, Christine M Gunn, Anthony K Kulukulualani, Anita Raj, Karen M Freund, Phyllis L Carr
BACKGROUND: Despite individual and institutional awareness of the inequity in retention, promotion and leadership of racially and ethnically underrepresented minority faculty in academic medicine, the number of such faculty remains unacceptably low. The authors explored challenges to the recruitment, retention and promotion of underrepresented faculty among a sample of leaders at academic medical centers. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted from 2011 to 2012 with 44 senior faculty leaders, predominantly members of the Group on Diversity and Inclusion (GDI) and/or the Group on Women in Medical Sciences (GWIMS), at the 24 randomly selected medical schools of the National Faculty Survey of 1995...
February 2018: Journal of the National Medical Association
Elizabeth Mansfield, Onil Bhattacharyya, Jennifer Christian, Gary Naglie, Vicky Steriopoulos, Fiona Webster
Purpose Canada's primary care system has been described as "a culture of pilot projects" with little evidence of converting successful initiatives into funded, permanent programs or sharing project outcomes and insights across jurisdictions. Health services pilot projects are advocated as an effective strategy for identifying promising models of care and building integrated care partnerships in local settings. In the qualitative study reported here, the purpose of this paper is to investigate the strengths and challenges of this approach...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Health Organization and Management
(no author information available yet)
In recent years, wide ranging biomedical innovation has provided powerful new approaches for prevention, diagnosis and management of diseases. In order to translate such innovation into effective practice, physicians must frequently update their knowledge base and skills through continuing medical education and training. Medical Professional Societies, run as not-for-profit organizations led by peers, are uniquely placed to deliver balanced, disease oriented and patient centred education. The medical industry has a major role in the development of new, improved technology, devices and medication...
February 28, 2018: European Heart Journal
Marsha Regenstein, Jennifer Trott, Alanna Williamson, Joanna Theiss
The US health care system needs effective tools to address complex social and environmental issues that perpetuate health inequities, such as food insecurity, education and employment barriers, and substandard housing conditions. The medical-legal partnership is a collaborative intervention that embeds civil legal aid professionals in health care settings to address seemingly intractable social problems that contribute to poor health outcomes and health disparities. More than three hundred health care organizations are home to medical-legal partnerships...
March 2018: Health Affairs
M Jankowski, M Dyszkiewicz-Konwińska, M Magas, M Skorupski, G Gorecki, D Bukowska, P Antosik, M Jeseta, M Bruska, M Nowicki, M Zabel, B Kempisty
Haematopoiesis is one of the most well understood stem-cell associated processes. It is a process in which pluripotent hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) self-proliferate and differentiate into all types of blood cells. The process takes place in marrow of the flat bones in adults, however its location changes several times through embryonic and foetal development. Given the broad range of blood cells and the major differences in their build and function, together with the fact that their numbers need to be maintained within relatively narrow margins in order to maintain homeostasis despite changing environmental conditions, makes the whole process of haematopoiesis highly regulated and depending on a variety of growth factors...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Jordi Vilardell, Cristina Girardi, Oriano Marin, Giorgio Cozza, Lorenzo A Pinna, Maria Ruzzene
CK2 is a pleiotropic S/T protein kinase (formerly known as casein kinase 2) which is attracting increasing interest as therapeutic target, and the identification of its substrates is a crucial step in determining its involvement in different pathological conditions. We recently found that S131 of Akt2 (homologous to the well established CK2 target S129 of Akt1) is not phosphorylated by CK2 either in vitro or in vivo, although the consensus sequence recognized by CK2 (S/T-x-x-E/D/pS/pT) is conserved in it. Here, by exploiting synthetic peptides, in cell transfection experiments, and computational analysis, we show that a single sequence element, a T at position n+1, hampers phosphorylation, causing an α-helix structure organization which prevents the recognition of its own consensus by CK2...
2018: PloS One
Karen Drenkard, Teresa Morris
The National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR) has a Friends group. This organization, the Friends of the National Institute of Nursing Research (FNINR), has been in place for over 20 years. It serves as a bold voice to communicate the impact of NINR's work to elevate nursing science, improve lives, while advancing the nation's health. FNINR's mission is to provide resources to support nursing research and advance the mission of the NINR. In 2013, the FNINR led the creation, development, and growth of an Ambassadors Program...
April 2018: Nursing Administration Quarterly
Jimmie L Slade, Cheryl L Holt, Janice Bowie, Mary Ann Scheirer, Ebony Toussaint, Darlene R Saunders, Alma Savoy, Roxanne L Carter, Sherie Lou Santos
This article describes the process used to engage and recruit African American churches to serve as participants in two multi-year behavioural cancer research interventions from a community perspective. Community-based organizations used purposive sampling in engaging and recruiting advisory panel members and churches to participate in these interventions. Trust, respect, open dialogue with participants, and commitment to address community health needs contributed to successful engagement and recruitment of African American churches to serve as participants in these cancer research projects...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
M A Misdaq, A Aitayoub, A Chaouqi
Consumption of seafoods has increased during the last two decades in many countries. In Morocco, annual fresh marine fish consumption has increased significantly due to the existence of modern fish markets in major cities. To explore the exposure pathway of U, Th, Rn, and Rn radionuclides to the human body of consumers, these radionuclides were measured in various fresh and canned marine fish samples widely consumed by the Moroccan population by using two types of solid state nuclear track detectors (SSNTDs)...
April 2018: Health Physics
Shahnaz Mojarrab, Ali Rafei, Shahin Akhondzadeh, Alireza Jeddian, Maryam Jafarpour, Kazem Zendehdel
Registration systems for diseases and other health outcomes provide important resource for biomedical research, as well as tools for public health surveillance and improvement of quality of care. The Ministry of Health and Medical Education (MOHME) of Iran launched a national program to establish registration systems for different diseases and health outcomes. Based on the national program, we organized several workshops and training programs and disseminated the concepts and knowledge of the registration systems...
November 1, 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Julia Brooks, Timothy B Erickson, Stephanie Kayden, Raul Ruiz, Stephen Wilkinson, Frederick M Burkle
Background: The repeated use of prohibited chemical weapons in the Syrian conflict poses serious health, humanitarian, and security threats to civilians, healthcare personnel, and first responders. Moreover, the use of chemical weapons constitutes a clear and egregious violation of international law-likely amounting to a war crime-for which continued impunity is setting a dangerous precedent in relation to current and future conflicts. This debate article calls upon concerned states, organizations, and individuals to respond urgently and unequivocally to this serious breach of international legal and humanitarian norms...
2018: Conflict and Health
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