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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915813/the-relationship-between-burden-of-childhood-disease-and-foreign-aid-for-child-health
#1
J Clay Bavinger, Paul Wise, Eran Bendavid
BACKGROUND: We sought to examine the relationship between child specific health aid (CHA) and burden of disease. Based on existing evidence, we hypothesized that foreign aid for child health would not be proportional to burden of disease. METHODS: In order to examine CHA and burden of disease, we obtained estimates of these parameters from established sources. Estimates of disability adjusted life years (DALYs) in children (0-5 years) were obtained from the World Health Organization for 2000 and 2012...
September 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914228/an-integrated-case-management-model-to-assist-pacific-youth-offenders-and-their-families-in-australia
#2
Jioji Ravulo
Pasifika Support Services (PSS) was a program managed by a nongovernment organization, Mission Australia, and funded by the New South Wales Premiers Office to meet the needs of young offenders from a Pacific background. PSS ran from June 2005 to June 2009 and implemented a cost-effective integrated case management model with the New South Wales Police Force adapted to address social risk factors specific to Pacific youth offenders and family support networks. Sixty young people were reviewed regarding the outcomes achieved through their participation, further supported by an evaluation carried out by an external evaluator who found that 65% of participants did not reoffend after 18 months of completing the program...
December 1, 2016: Care Management Journals: Journal of Case Management ; the Journal of Long Term Home Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905095/growing-canopy-on-a-college-campus-understanding-urban-forest-change-through-archival-records-and-aerial-photography
#3
Lara A Roman, Jason P Fristensky, Theodore S Eisenman, Eric J Greenfield, Robert E Lundgren, Chloe E Cerwinka, David A Hewitt, Caitlin C Welsh
Many municipalities are setting ambitious tree canopy cover goals to increase the extent of their urban forests. A historical perspective on urban forest development can help cities strategize how to establish and achieve appropriate tree cover targets. To understand how long-term urban forest change occurs, we examined the history of trees on an urban college campus: the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, PA. Using a mixed methods approach, including qualitative assessments of archival records (1870-2017), complemented by quantitative analysis of tree cover from aerial imagery (1970-2012), our analysis revealed drastic canopy cover increase in the late 20th and early 21st centuries along with the principle mechanisms of that change...
September 13, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902851/redox-mediated-quorum-sensing-in-plants
#4
Alexandra W Fuller, Phoebe Young, B Daniel Pierce, Jamie Kitson-Finuff, Purvi Jain, Karl Schneider, Stephen Lazar, Olga Taran, Andrew G Palmer, David G Lynn
The rhizosphere, the narrow zone of soil around plant roots, is a complex network of interactions between plants, bacteria, and a variety of other organisms. The absolute dependence on host-derived signals, or xenognosins, to regulate critical developmental checkpoints for host commitment in the obligate parasitic plants provides a window into the rhizosphere's chemical dynamics. These sessile intruders use H2O2 in a process known as semagenesis to chemically modify the mature root surfaces of proximal host plants and generate p-benzoquinones (BQs)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899607/the-scholarly-productivity-and-work-environments-of-academic-pharmacists
#5
Shane P Desselle, Brienna Andrews, Julia Lui, G Leela Raja
BACKGROUND: Productive faculty are key to generating new knowledge and advancing pharmacy practice. The work environments of academic pharmacists are critical to their vitality, commitment, and longevity. OBJECTIVES: To (1) identify correlates of faculty scholarly productivity and teaching effectiveness, considering personal and environmental characteristics; (2) determine the relationship between a faculty's perception of organizational citizenship behaviors they witness with the organizational culture of their employing college/school of pharmacy; and (3) describe the relationship between organizational climate, job satisfaction, and commitment of academic pharmacists...
September 8, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885534/an-organizational-model-for-excellence-in-healthcare-delivery-evidence-from-winners-of-the-baldrige-quality-award
#6
John R Griffith
Winners of the Baldrige National Quality Award in healthcare have documented top quartile clinical outcomes and patient satisfaction across a variety of American communities and a full spectrum of care. Their results also show high levels of satisfaction among physicians, nurses, and other workers, as well as effective financial performance. The managerial methods they use-collectively, the Baldrige model-are consistent with organizational theory literature and are found across all winners. The winners have sustained excellence after winning and expanded it by acquisition of other healthcare organizations...
September 2017: Journal of Healthcare Management / American College of Healthcare Executives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879161/implementation-of-quality-management-systems-and-progress-towards-accreditation-of-national-tuberculosis-reference-laboratories-in-africa
#7
Heidi Albert, Jean de Dieu Iragena, Kekeletso Kao, Donatelle Erni, Teferi Mekonen, Philip C Onyebujoh
BACKGROUND: Laboratory services are essential at all stages of the tuberculosis care cascade, from diagnosis and drug resistance testing to monitoring response to treatment. Enabling access to quality services is a challenge in low-resource settings. Implementation of a strong quality management system (QMS) and laboratory accreditation are key to improving patient care. OBJECTIVES: The study objective was to determine the status of QMS implementation and progress towards accreditation of National Tuberculosis Reference Laboratories (NTRLs) in the African Region...
2017: African Journal of Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878672/differences-in-spatial-memory-recognition-due-to-cognitive-style
#8
Laura Tascón, Maddalena Boccia, Laura Piccardi, José M Cimadevilla
Field independence refers to the ability to perceive details from the surrounding context as a whole and to represent the environment by relying on an internal reference frame. Conversely, field dependence individuals tend to focus their attention on single environmental features analysing them individually. This cognitive style affects several visuo-spatial abilities including spatial memory. This study assesses both the effect of field independence and field dependence on performance displayed on virtual environments of different complexity...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871318/-psychotherapy-with-older-caregivers
#9
REVIEW
G Wilz, K Pfeiffer
Nursing and caring for a relative can be regarded as an important developmental task, which mainly affects elderly people who provide care for their very old parents or their (spouse) partners. Being responsible for the care of someone can be associated with a severe caregiver burden and experienced as a crisis. Possible psychological consequences are pronounced depressive symptoms or maladaptive stress reactions. For these caregivers, psychotherapeutic counselling can be sensible and helpful in addition to other resources of caregiver support...
September 4, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869970/competing-memories-of-mitogen-and-p53-signalling-control-cell-cycle-entry
#10
Hee Won Yang, Mingyu Chung, Takamasa Kudo, Tobias Meyer
Regulation of cell proliferation is necessary for immune responses, tissue repair, and upkeep of organ function to maintain human health. When proliferating cells complete mitosis, a fraction of newly born daughter cells immediately enter the next cell cycle, while the remaining cells in the same population exit to a transient or persistent quiescent state. Whether this choice between two cell-cycle pathways is due to natural variability in mitogen signalling or other underlying causes is unknown. Here we show that human cells make this fundamental cell-cycle entry or exit decision based on competing memories of variable mitogen and stress signals...
September 6, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869357/the-moderator-effect-of-commitment-on-the-relations-between-satisfaction-and-motivation-in-special-employment-centres
#11
Francisco J Pérez-Conesa, Marina Romeo, Montserrat Yepes-Baldó
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the relation between satisfaction, commitment and motivation among employees with mild intellectual disabilities. The present research analyses the moderated effect of commitment on the relation between satisfaction of employees with intellectual disabilities and their motivation. METHOD: Employees with legally recognized intellectual disabilities, following the Spanish law, answered a questionnaire. The present authors examined bivariate relations across all variables in the model...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864809/the-future-of-dental-schools-in-research-universities-and-academic-health-centers
#12
Laurie K McCauley
As a profession, dentistry is at a point of discernible challenge as well as incredible opportunity in a landscape of evolving changes to health care, higher education, and evidence-based decision making. Respecting the past yet driving forward, a well-mapped future course is critical. Orchestrating this course in a collaborative manner is essential for the visibility, well-being, and potentially the existence of the dental profession. The research performed in dental institutions needs to be contemporary, aligned with biomedical science in general, and united with other disciplines...
September 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862079/sense-of-community-organizational-commitment-and-quality-of-services
#13
Mai-Stiina Lampinen, ElinaAnnikki Suutala, Anne Irmeli Konu
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine how factors associated with a sense of community in the workplace are connected with organizational commitment and the quality of services among frontline managers and middle managers in social and health care services in Finland. Design/methodology/approach A questionnaire designed specifically for this research was sent to 241 lower-level and middle-level managers in social and health care services in central Finland. A total of 136 managers completed the questionnaire (response rate 56 per cent)...
September 1, 2017: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857063/rural-recruitment-and-retention-of-health-workers-across-cadres-and-types-of-contract-in-north-east-india-a-qualitative-study
#14
Preety R Rajbangshi, Devaki Nambiar, Nandini Choudhury, Krishna D Rao
Background Like many other low- and middle-income countries, India faces challenges of recruiting and retaining health workers in rural areas. Efforts have been made to address this through contractual appointment of health workers in rural areas. While this has helped to temporarily bridge the gaps in human resources, the overall impact on the experience of rural services across cadres has yet to be understood. This study sought to identify motivations for, and the challenges of, rural recruitment and retention of nurses, doctors and specialists across types of contract in rural and remote areas in India's largely rural north-eastern states of Meghalaya and Nagaland...
September 2017: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856984/health-and-equity-in-all-policies-in-local-government-processes-and-outcomes-in-two-norwegian-municipalities
#15
Dina Von Heimburg, Berit Hakkebo
AIMS: To identify key factors in implementing Health and Equity in All Policies (HEiAP) at the local level in two Norwegian municipalities in order to accelerate the progress of promoting health, well-being and equity in other local governments. APPROACH: This case study is presented as a narrative from policy-making processes in two Norwegian municipalities. The story is told from an insider perspective, with a focus on HEiAP policy makers in these two municipalities...
August 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854903/companion-of-choice-at-birth-factors-affecting-implementation
#16
Tamar Kabakian-Khasholian, Anayda Portela
BACKGROUND: Two recent recommendations made by the World Health Organization confirm the benefits of companion of choice at birth on labour outcomes; however institutional practices and policies do not always support its implementation in different settings around the world. We conducted a review to determine factors that affect implementation of this intervention considering the perspectives and experiences of different stakeholders and other institutional, systemic barriers and facilitators...
August 31, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853640/health-system-redesign-using-collective-impact-implementation-of-the-behavioural-supports-ontario-initiative-in-southwest-ontario
#17
Iris Gutmanis, Jennifer Speziale, Loretta M Hillier, Elisabeth van Bussel, Julie Girard, Kelly Simpson
This paper describes how the Collective Impact framework facilitated the design, implementation and development of a quality improvement initiative aimed at changing the way healthcare is provided to older adults living with mental health, addictions, neurocognitive and behavioral issues in southwestern Ontario. By promoting a common agenda, shared measurement systems, mutually reinforcing activities, continuous communication and with leadership from a backbone organization, system-wide change occurred. Outcomes, operational/strategic, clinical, capacity enhancement and community support structures as well as challenges are discussed...
August 30, 2017: Neurodegenerative Disease Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843672/in-vitro-metal-catalyzed-oxidative-stress-in-dah7ps-methionine-modification-leads-to-structure-destabilization-and-induce-amorphous-aggregation
#18
Anchal Sharma, Vijay Kumar, Apurva Chatrath, Aditya Dev, Ramasare Prasad, Ashwani Kumar Sharma, Shailly Tomar, Pravindra Kumar
The first committed step of the shikimate pathway is catalyzed by a metalloenzyme 3-deoxy-D-arabino-heptulosonate-7-phosphate synthase (DAH7PS), which exhibits vulnerability to the oxidative stress. DAH7PS undergoes inactivation in multiple ways in the presence of redox metal, H2O2, and superoxide. The molecular mechanism and susceptibility of its inactivation might differ in different organisms and are presently unclear. In the present work, we have cloned, expressed and purified a DAH7PS from Providencia alcalifaciens (PaDAH7PS)...
August 23, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838189/communications-immunization-and-polio-vaccines-lessons-from-a-global-perspective-on-generating-political-will-informing-decision-making-and-planning-and-engaging-local-support
#19
Lisa Menning, Gaurav Garg, Deepa Pokharel, Elizabeth Thrush, Margaret Farrell, Frederic Kunjbe Kodio, Chantal Laroche Veira, Sarah Wanyoike, Suleman Malik, Manish Patel, Oliver Rosenbauer
The requirements under objective 2 of the Polio Eradication and Endgame Strategic Plan 2013-2018-to introduce at least 1 dose of inactivated poliomyelitis vaccine (IPV); withdraw oral poliomyelitis vaccine (OPV), starting with the type 2 component; and strengthen routine immunization programs-set an ambitious series of targets for countries. Effective implementation of IPV introduction and the switch from trivalent OPV (containing types 1, 2, and 3 poliovirus) to bivalent OPV (containing types 1 and 3 poliovirus) called for intense global communications and coordination on an unprecedented scale from 2014 to 2016, involving global public health technical agencies and donors, vaccine manufacturers, World Health Organization and United Nations Children's Fund regional offices, and national governments...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838178/introduction-of-inactivated-poliovirus-vaccine-and-trivalent-oral-polio-vaccine-bivalent-oral-polio-vaccine-switch-in-the-african-region
#20
Carol Tevi-Benissan, Joseph Okeibunor, Gaël Maufras du Châtellier, Afework Assefa, Joseph Nsiari-Muzenyi Biey, Dah Cheikh, Messeret Eshetu, Blanche-Philomene Anya, Halima Dao, Yusuf Nasir, Bartholomew Dicky Akanmori, Richard Mihigo
The Polio Eradication and Endgame Strategic plan outlines the phased removal of oral polio vaccines (OPVs), starting with type 2 poliovirus-containing vaccine and introduction of inactivated polio vaccine in routine immunization to mitigate against risk of vaccine-associated paralytic polio and circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus. The objective includes strengthening routine immunization as the primary pillar to sustaining high population immunity. After 2 years without reporting any wild poliovirus (July 2014-2016), the region undertook the synchronized switch from trivalent OPV (tOPV) to bivalent OPV (bOPV) as recommended by the Strategic Advisory Group of Experts on Immunization...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
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