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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886563/prenatal-anxiety-effects-a-review
#1
Tiffany Field
This review is based on literature on prenatal anxiety effects that was found on Pubmed and PsycINFO for the years 2010-2016. Prenatal anxiety is thought to have distinct features, although it has been measured both by specific prenatal anxiety symptoms as well as by standardized anxiety scales. Its prevalence has ranged from 21 to 25% and it has been predicted by a number of pregnancy - related variables such as unintended pregnancy, demographic variables such as low acculturation and income and psychosocial factors including pessimism and partner tension...
September 5, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867040/-brain-plasticity-and-early-rehabilitative-care-for-children-after-neonatal-arterial-cerebral-infarction
#2
M Dinomais, S Marret, C Vuillerot
Currently, in the literature of the evidence based medicine, little data are available to confirm the benefit and the specific procedures of an early intervention for a neonatal arterial ischemic stroke. However, data about the effect of an early physical rehabilitation program on the cerebral plasticity, and preliminary results of clinical studies in children with cerebral palsy strongly suggest the benefit of an early rehabilitation with a multidisciplinary approach. The type of the rehabilitation and its frequency must be determined because a wide variability in the practices exists...
September 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867039/-long-term-outcome-of-perinatal-stroke
#3
C Vuillerot, S Marret, M Dinomais
Neonatal Arterial Ischemic Stroke (NAIS) affects 6-17 newborns on 100 000-birth term neonates, most of these children keeping long-term motor and cognitive impairments. Based on a literature review, the objectives of this paper are to describe motor and cognitive outcomes after a NAIS and to propose a consensual monitoring of these children to improve their management. About 30 % of children after a NAIS will develop a unilateral cerebral palsy requiring a management by a team with expertise in physical medicine and rehabilitation...
September 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867038/-therapeutic-management-of-neonatal-arterial-cerebral-infarction-and-neuroprotection-perspectives
#4
O Baud, S Auvin, E Saliba, V Biran
Neonatal seizure related to stroke is a common diagnostic feature. Their treatment, although widely debated even today must be initiated in case of status epilepticus, clinical seizures of more than 5 minutes duration or short (> 30 secondes) and repeated clinical seizures (2 or more per hour). The treatment of neonatal seizures is a challenge that remains only partially solved. It should take into account the etiology of seizures, type of brain lesions and clinical/electrical response to treatment after the first line treatment...
September 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867037/-place-of-eeg-in-the-management-of-arterial-ischemic-stroke-newborn
#5
S Nguyen The Tich
The EEG has a key role in the management of neonatal seizures, which are the typical mode of revelation of neonatal ischemic stroke. The EEG should be started as soon as possible in case of suspected seizure. Some EEG features are evocative of neonatal stroke, typically asymmetry of background activity with the presence of focal spikes and focal seizures. The EEG should be prolonged and always associated with a video as pauci-symptomatic or subclinical seizures are frequent, including some status epilepticus...
September 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867036/-biological-monitoring-and-other-explorations-in-the-acute-phase-of-a-neonatal-arterial-ischemic-stroke-excluding-hemostasis
#6
G Favrais, S Nguyen The Tich
Neonatal monitoring and other explorations required just after neonatal arterial ischemic stroke (NAIS) diagnosis remain elusive. This review attempts to propose guidelines on this topic. During neonatal period, three major contexts related to NAIS emerge: 1) Metabolic disorders including hypoglycemia; 2) Early post-natal infections; 3) Cardio-vascular anomalies. Different patient profiles have been defined (typical, atypical and at risk profiles). According to these profiles, a final decisional tree including biological monitoring and complementary explorations has been suggested to caregivers...
September 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867035/-neonatal-arterial-ischemic-stroke-in-term-or-near-term-newborns-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#7
V Darmency-Stamboul, A G Cordier, S Chabrier
The general designation ischemic perinatal stroke includes several disease states that differ in pathophysiology, timing of occurrence and presentation. While it seems logical to assume that their prevalence and their risk factors depend primarily on the considered type of stroke, most studies used inconsistent definitions or included heterogeneous populations, which limits their accuracy. Given these biases, the French Society of Neonatology and the French Centre for Paediatric Stroke wished to update the knowledge in this domain, focusing on a specific form of perinatal stroke, i...
September 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867034/-neonatal-arterial-ischemic-stroke-which-thrombotic-biological-risk-factors-to-investigate-and-which-practical-consequences
#8
T Perez, J B Valentin, E Saliba, Y Gruel
All biological risk factors that have been previously identified to increase the risk of thrombosis in adults, have also been studied in neonates with arterial Ischemic Stroke (NAIS), but most studies were retrospective and included relatively low numbers of affected children. We therefore could not suggest recommendations with a strong level of evidence and only expert proposals potentially useful for clinical practice will be presented in this text. Despite these limitations, the extensive analysis of published data supported that factor V Leiden (FVL) and increased levels of Lp(a) could be significant risk factors for NAIS...
September 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867033/-recommendations-for-imaging-neonatal-ischemic-stroke
#9
B Husson, C Durand, L Hertz-Pannier
Neuroimaging is critical for the diagnosis of neonatal arterial ischemic stroke (NAIS) and for prognosis estimation. The purpose of this work is to define guidelines of clinical neuroimaging for the diagnosis of NAIS, for the optimization of the imaging timing and for the assessment of the prognostic value of each imaging technique. A systematic search of electronic databases (Medline via Pubmed) for studies whose title and abstract were focused on NAIS has been conducted. One hundred and ten articles were selected and their results were analyzed by three Senior Practitioners of pediatric radiology using common methodology for guidelines elaboration within the group of experts gathered by Scientific Societies in the field...
September 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867032/-revelation-of-the-circumstances-of-the-accident-vascular-arterial-ischemic-brain-in-at-term-or-near-term-and-referral
#10
F Cneude, J-F Diependaele, J-L Chabernaud
The neonatal arterial ischemic stroke is an emergency. Recurrent focal seizures, generally occurring in the first 24-72 hours after birth, are the commonest first clinical signs. When neonatal arterial ischemic stroke is suspected, optimal initial management involves careful supportive care including treatment of clinical and frequent or prolonged subclinical seizures, correction of the possible metabolic disorders and their prevention. Contrary to hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, therapeutic hypothermia is not indicated...
September 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840056/effects-of-erythropoietin-on-gliogenesis-during-cerebral-ischemic-reperfusion-recovery-in-adult-mice
#11
Rongliang Wang, Jincheng Li, Yunxia Duan, Zhen Tao, Haiping Zhao, Yumin Luo
Erythropoietin (EPO) promotes oligodendrogenesis and attenuates white matter injury in neonatal rats. However, it is unknown whether this effect extends to adult mice and whether EPO regulate microglia polarization after ischemic stroke. Male adult C57BL/6 mice (25-30g) were subjected to 45 min of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). EPO (5000 IU/kg) or saline was injected intraperitoneally every other day after reperfusion. Neurological function was evaluated using the rotarod test at 1, 3, 7 and 14 days after MCAO...
July 2017: Aging and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833052/neonatal-arterial-ischemic-stroke-evidence-required-for-future-guidelines
#12
Aleksandra Mineyko, Adam Kirton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833002/corpus-callosum-and-bilateral-motor-performance-after-unilateral-neonatal-arterial-ischemic-stroke
#13
Monika Bekiesińska-Figatowska
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 21, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815625/association-of-transcallosal-motor-fibres-with-function-of-both-hands-after-unilateral-neonatal-arterial-ischemic-stroke
#14
Samuel Groeschel, Lucie Hertz-Pannier, Matthieu Delion, Sébastien Loustau, Béatrice Husson, Manoelle Kossorotoff, Cyrille Renaud, Sylvie Nguyen The Tich, Stéphane Chabrier, Mickael Dinomais
AIM: The objective of this study was to investigate the involvement of the motor fibres of the corpus callosum after unilateral neonatal arterial ischemic stroke (NAIS) of the middle cerebral artery territory and the relationship to both ipsilesional and contralesional hand function. METHOD: Using high-resolution structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), functional MRI, and magnetic resonance diffusion-tractography, we compared the midsagittal area of the motor part of the corpus callosum (defined by the fibres connecting the precentral gyri) between 33 7-year-old children after unilateral NAIS and 31 typically developing 7-year-old children...
August 17, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803335/intraoperative-ventilation-during-thoracoscopic-repair-of-neonatal-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia
#15
Tadaharu Okazaki, Manabu Okawada, Junya Ishii, Hiroyuki Koga, Go Miyano, Takashi Doi, Yuki Ogasawara, Geoffrey J Lane, Atsuyuki Yamataka
PURPOSE: To evaluate the optimal ventilation mode during thoracoscopic repair (TR) of neonatal congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH), we compared high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) with conventional mechanical ventilation (CMV). METHODS: Twenty-three neonatal CDH cases who underwent TR without intraoperative inhalation of nitric oxide at our institution between 2007 and 2016 were reviewed. Patients were initially ventilated with HFOV, which was converted to CMV if the HFOV settings were decreased to FiO2 <0...
August 12, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800001/basic-hemodynamic-monitoring-using-ultrasound-or-electrical-cardiometry-during-transportation-of-neonates-and-infants
#16
Angele Boet, Gilles Jourdain, Serge Demontoux, Sebastien Hascoet, Pierre Tissieres, Catherine Rucker-Martin, Daniele De Luca
OBJECTIVES: Electrical cardiometry and heart ultrasound might allow hemodynamic evaluation during transportation of critically ill patients. Our aims were 1) to test feasibility of stroke volume monitoring using electrical cardiometry or ultrasound during transportation and 2) to investigate if transportation impacts on electrical cardiometry and ultrasound reliability. DESIGN: Prospective, pragmatic, feasibility cohort study. SETTING: Mobile ICUs specialized for neonatal and pediatric transportation...
August 9, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798906/cerebral-sinovenous-thrombosis
#17
REVIEW
Rebecca Ichord
Cerebral sinovenous thrombosis (CSVT) is a rare but serious cerebrovascular disorder affecting children from the newborn period through childhood and adolescence. The incidence is estimated at 0.6/100,000/year, with 30-50% occurring in newborns. Causes are diverse and are highly age dependent. Acute systemic illness is the dominant risk factor among newborns. In childhood CSVT, acute infections of the head and neck such as mastoiditis are most common, followed by chronic underlying diseases such as nephrotic syndrome, cancer, and inflammatory bowel disease...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776186/home-sweet-home-the-neural-stem-cell-niche-throughout-development-and-after-injury
#18
REVIEW
Rebecca M Ruddy, Cindi M Morshead
Neural stem cells and their progeny reside in two distinct neurogenic niches within the mammalian brain: the subventricular zone and the dentate gyrus. The interplay between the neural stem cells and the niche in which they reside can have significant effects on cell kinetics and neurogenesis. A comprehensive understanding of the changes to the niche that occur through postnatal development and aging, as well as following injury, is relevant for developing therapeutics and interventions to promote neural repair...
August 3, 2017: Cell and Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752890/primary-care-in-the-prevention-treatment-and-control-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-sub-saharan-africa
#19
REVIEW
Dike B Ojji, Kim Lamont, Olubunmi I Ojji, Bibiana Nonye Egenti, Karen Sliwa
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the frontrunner in the disease spectrum of sub-Saharan Africa, with stroke and ischaemic heart disease ranked seventh and 14th as leading causes of death, respectively, on this sub-continent. Unfortunately, this region is also grappling with many communicable, maternal, neonatal and nutritional disorders. Limited resources and the high cost of CVD treatment necessitate that primary prevention should have a high priority for CVD control in sub-Saharan Africa. One major challenge of such an approach is how to equip primary care to respond promptly and effectively to this burden...
July 28, 2017: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736507/national-mortality-burden-due-to-communicable-non-communicable-and-other-diseases-in-ethiopia-1990-2015-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#20
Awoke Misganaw, Tilahun N Haregu, Kebede Deribe, Gizachew Assefa Tessema, Amare Deribew, Yohannes Adama Melaku, Azmeraw T Amare, Semaw Ferede Abera, Molla Gedefaw, Muluken Dessalegn, Yihunie Lakew, Tolesa Bekele, Mesoud Mohammed, Biruck Desalegn Yirsaw, Solomon Abrha Damtew, Kristopher J Krohn, Tom Achoki, Jed Blore, Yibeltal Assefa, Mohsen Naghavi
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia lacks a complete vital registration system that would assist in measuring disease burden and risk factors. We used the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 (GBD 2015) estimates to describe the mortality burden from communicable, non-communicable, and other diseases in Ethiopia over the last 25 years. METHODS: GBD 2015 mainly used cause of death ensemble modeling to measure causes of death by age, sex, and year for 195 countries...
2017: Population Health Metrics
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