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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810841/effectiveness-of-online-and-mobile-telephone-applications-apps-for-the-self-management-of-suicidal-ideation-and-self-harm-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Katrina Witt, Matthew J Spittal, Gregory Carter, Jane Pirkis, Sarah Hetrick, Dianne Currier, Jo Robinson, Allison Milner
BACKGROUND: Online and mobile telephone applications ('apps') have the potential to improve the scalability of effective interventions for suicidal ideation and self-harm. The aim of this review was therefore to investigate the effectiveness of digital interventions for the self-management of suicidal ideation or self-harm. METHODS: Seven databases (Applied Science & Technology; CENTRAL; CRESP; Embase; Global Health; PsycARTICLES; PsycINFO; Medline) were searched to 31 March, 2017...
August 15, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809680/high-performance-saw-resonator-on-new-multi-layered-substrate-using-litao3-crystal
#2
Tsutomu Takai, Hideki Iwamoto, Yuichi Takamine, Hisashi Yamazaki, Toshiyuki Fuyutsume, Haruki Kyoya, Takeshi Nakao, Hajime Kando, Masahiro Hiramoto, Takanori Toi, Masayoshi Koshino, Norio Nakajima
To develop the high performance filters and duplexers required for recent LTE frequency bands in mobile handsets, a surface acoustic wave (SAW) resonator is needed that have higher quality (Q) and a lower temperature coefficient of frequency (TCF). To achieve this, the authors focused on acoustic energy confinement in the depth direction for a rotated Y-X LiTaO3 (LT) substrate. Characteristics of multi-layered substrates with low impedance and high impedance layers under LT layer were studied numerically in terms of acoustic energy distribution, phase velocity, coupling coefficient and temperature characteristics employing a finite element method (FEM) simulation...
August 10, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809203/clinical-simulation-a-protocol-for-evaluation-of-mobile-technology
#3
Carey Mather, Sanne Jensen, Elizabeth Cummings
For mobile technology to be accepted at point of care in healthcare environments there is a need to demonstrate benefits whilst ameliorating the risks and challenges. To provide a standardised approach to evaluation of mobile technology a simulation protocol was developed to provide guidance for its use in healthcare environments. Simulated conditions provide the opportunity to assess intended and unintended consequences and identify potential workarounds when using technology. The protocol can also be used to demonstrate the importance of the development of digital professionalism by end-users prior to students entering the clinical practice setting...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809195/pok%C3%A3-mon-go-why-augmented-reality-games-offer-insights-for-enhancing-public-health-interventions-on-obesity-related-diseases
#4
Ming Chao Wong, Paul Turner, Kate MacIntyre, Kwang Chien Yee
Stimulating widespread interests of the population to participate in behavioural changes through information and technology has been an aim of much health informatics research. The recent widespread participation of the augmented reality game Pokémon Go which encourages exercises, provides significant insights into the potential of information technology to improve healthcare intervention on obesity-related disease. Does Pokémon Go point to another way of achieving health benefits using mobile devices? This paper analyses the features of Pokémon Go in relation to potential health benefits...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809184/moving-past-exploration-and-adoption-considering-priorities-for-implementing-mobile-learning-by-nurses
#5
Carey Mather, Elizabeth Cummings
Successful implementation of mobile technology for informal learning and continuing professional development within healthcare settings cannot be achieved or sustained, until end-users recognise that the benefits of using this innovation, outweigh the issues of non-use. At a systems level there is a need for standards, guidelines and codes of conduct to support deployment of mobile technology at an individual level. The aim of this research was to explore findings of a previous focus group study to elucidate priorities for action, provide evidence and focus impetus for advocating progression of the installation of standards and guidelines at an organisation level...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806207/opportunities-and-limitations-in-mobile-technology
#6
Vikas N O'Reilly-Shah, Craig S Jabaley, Grant C Lynde, Katherine S Monroe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 10, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805550/moving-toward-a-universal-digital-era-in-mass-casualty-incidents-and-disasters-emergency-personnel-s-perspective-in-romania
#7
Adrian Stănescu, Peter Eliot Gordon, Sanda Maria Copotoiu, Cristian Marius Boeriu
BACKGROUND: Despite a recognized need for improved communications and logistics in high acuity situations, the integration of telemedicine services into the mainstream health services has been difficult. This study reports on the opinions of Romanian professional responders to mass casualty incidents and disasters regarding the use and requirements of specific electronic medical documentation solutions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Doctors, nurses, paramedics, and fire department officers participated in a customized online structured questionnaire...
August 14, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802756/feasibility-of-using-global-system-for-mobile-communication-gsm-based-tracking-for-vaccinators-to-improve-oral-poliomyelitis-vaccine-campaign-coverage-in-rural-pakistan
#8
Subhash Chandir, Vijay Kumar Dharma, Danya Arif Siddiqi, Aamir Javed Khan
Despite multiple rounds of immunization campaigns, it has not been possible to achieve optimum immunization coverage for poliovirus in Pakistan. Supplementary activities to improve coverage of immunization, such as door-to-door campaigns are constrained by several factors including inaccurate hand-drawn maps and a lack of means to objectively monitor field teams in real time, resulting in suboptimal vaccine coverage during campaigns. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) - based tracking of mobile subscriber identity modules (SIMs) of vaccinators provides a low-cost solution to identify missed areas and ensure effective immunization coverage...
August 9, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802459/head-trunk-and-arm-posture-amplitude-and-variation-muscle-activity-sedentariness-and-physical-activity-of-3-to-5-year-old-children-during-tablet-computer-use-compared-to-television-watching-and-toy-play
#9
Erin K Howie, Pieter Coenen, Amity C Campbell, Sonia Ranelli, Leon M Straker
Young children (ages 3 to 5) are using mobile touchscreen technology, including tablet computers, yet little is known on the potential musculoskeletal and physical activity implications of its use. This within-subject laboratory study (n = 10) examined head, trunk and arm postures, upper trapezius muscle activity, and total body and upper limb physical activity during playing with tablets compared to during TV watching and playing with non-screen toys. Overall, this study found that during tablet play children had greater mean head, trunk and upper arm angles compared to both TV watching and toy play...
November 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802332/new-algorithms-for-processing-time-series-big-eeg-data-within-mobile-health-monitoring-systems
#10
Mohamed Adel Serhani, Mohamed El Menshawy, Abdelghani Benharref, Saad Harous, Alramzana Nujum Navaz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Recent advances in miniature biomedical sensors, mobile smartphones, wireless communications, and distributed computing technologies provide promising techniques for developing mobile health systems. Such systems are capable of monitoring epileptic seizures reliably, which are classified as chronic diseases. Three challenging issues raised in this context with regard to the transformation, compression, storage, and visualization of big data, which results from a continuous recording of epileptic seizures using mobile devices...
October 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801393/protocol-for-the-mwellcare-trial-a-multicentre-cluster-randomised-12-month-controlled-trial-to-compare-the-effectiveness-of-mwellcare-an-mhealth-system-for-an-integrated-management-of-patients-with-hypertension-and-diabetes-versus-enhanced-usual-care-in-india
#11
Dilip Jha, Priti Gupta, Vamadevan S Ajay, Devraj Jindal, Pablo Perel, David Prieto-Merino, Pramod Jacob, Jonathan Nyong, Vidya Venugopal, Kavita Singh, Shifalika Goenka, Ambuj Roy, Nikhil Tandon, Vikram Patel, Dorairaj Prabhakaran
INTRODUCTION: Rising burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and diabetes is a major challenge to the health system in India. Innovative approaches such as mobile phone technology (mHealth) for electronic decision support in delivering evidence-based and integrated care for hypertension, diabetes and comorbid depression have potential to transform the primary healthcare system. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: mWellcare trial is a multicentre, cluster randomised controlled trial evaluating the clinical and cost-effectiveness of a mHealth system and nurse managed care for people with hypertension and diabetes in rural India...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800736/using-computer-mobile-and-wearable-technology-enhanced-interventions-to-reduce-sedentary-behaviour-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Aoife Stephenson, Suzanne M McDonough, Marie H Murphy, Chris D Nugent, Jacqueline L Mair
BACKGROUND: High levels of sedentary behaviour (SB) are associated with negative health consequences. Technology enhanced solutions such as mobile applications, activity monitors, prompting software, texts, emails and websites are being harnessed to reduce SB. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the effectiveness of such technology enhanced interventions aimed at reducing SB in healthy adults and to examine the behaviour change techniques (BCTs) used. METHODS: Five electronic databases were searched to identify randomised-controlled trials (RCTs), published up to June 2016...
August 11, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800054/end-user-and-implementer-experiences-of-mhealth-technologies-for-noncommunicable-chronic-disease-management-in-young-adults-a-qualitative-systematic-review-protocol
#13
Helen Slater, Andrew Briggs, Jennifer Stinson, Jared M Campbell
The objective of this review is to systematically identify, review and synthesize relevant qualitative research on end user and implementer experiences of mobile health (mHealth) technologies developed for noncommunicable chronic disease management in young adults. "End users" are defined as young people aged 15-24 years, and "implementers" are defined as health service providers, clinicians, policy makers and administrators.The two key questions we wish to systematically explore from identified relevant qualitative studies or studies with qualitative components are...
August 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796667/can-mobile-technology-enhance-learning-and-change-educational-practice
#14
Jean M Gambo, Nasreen T Bahreman, Denyce Watties-Daniels, Maggie Neal, Sandra M Swoboda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795994/potential-and-actual-health-hazards-in-the-dense-urban-operational-environment-critical-gaps-and-solutions-for-military-occupational-health
#15
Steven L Patterson, Blair C R Dancy, Danielle L Ippolito, Jonathan D Stallings
: This paper presents environmental health risks which are prevalent in dense urban environments.We review the current literature and recommendations proposed by environmental medicine experts in a 2-day symposium sponsored by the Department of Defense and supported by the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory.Key hazards in the dense urban operational environment include toxic industrial chemicals and materials, water pollution and sewage, and air pollution. Four critical gaps in environmental medicine were identified: prioritizing chemical and environmental concerns, developing mobile decision aids, personalized health assessments, and better real-time health biomonitoring...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795584/use-of-an-android-phone-application-for-automated-text-messages-in-international-settings-a-case-study-in-an-hiv-clinical-trial-in-st-petersburg-russia
#16
Leah S Forman, Gregory J Patts, Sharon M Coleman, Elena Blokhina, John Lu, Tatiana Yaroslavtseva, Natalia Gnatienko, Evgeny Krupitsky, Jeffrey H Samet, Christine E Chaisson
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Reproducible outcomes in clinical trials depend on adherence to study protocol. Short message service (also known as text message) reminders have been shown to improve clinical trial adherence in the United States and elsewhere. However, due to systematic differences in mobile data plans, languages, and technology, these systems are not easily translated to international settings. METHODS: To gauge technical capabilities for international projects, we developed SMSMessenger, an automated Android application that uses a US server to send medication reminders to participants in a clinical trial in St...
August 1, 2017: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795493/-molecularly-imprinted-chromatography-fails-to-distinguish-homeopatic-remedy-from-placebo
#17
Roman Kaliszan, Małgorzata Waszczuk-Jankowska, Danuta Siluk, Bartosz Wielgomas
It was sensation when Dr. J. Beneviste reported alleged experimental biological evidence of the water memory effect (E. Dayenas et al. Nature 333, 816-818, 1988; https://doi.org/10.1038/333816a0). These experiments have never been reproduced in controlled conditions, however. Instead, the hypothesis that water can be imprinted with the memory of past solutes was ruled out (J. Maddox et al. Nature 334, 287-290, 1988; https://doi.org/10.1038/334287a0). At present, so-called "molecular imprinting" is a technology of preparing polymer matrices as affinity-based analyte separation media (J...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792292/moodivate-a-self-help-behavioral-activation-mobile-app-for-utilization-in-primary-care-development-and-clinical-considerations
#18
Jennifer Dahne, C W Lejuez, Jacob Kustanowitz, Julia W Felton, Vanessa A Diaz, Marty S Player, Matthew J Carpenter
Depressive symptoms are highly prevalent and are associated with considerable functional impairment, significant public health costs, and heightened mortality risk. Individuals experiencing impairment due to depressive symptomatology are most likely to report their symptoms to a primary care provider. As such, national guidelines highlight the need to assess and effectively treat depression via primary care. Despite these guidelines, the dissemination of evidence-based psychotherapy via primary care is limited, likely due to both provider- and patient-level treatment barriers...
March 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791460/migration-of-ag-in-sn-sb-and-bi-and-their-chemical-forms-in-a-monolith-lysimeter-filled-with-a-contaminated-andosol
#19
Tomoyoshi Murata, Masami K Koshikawa, Mirai Watanabe, Hong Hou, Takejiro Takamatsu
Despite the wide use of trace metals in various technologies, such as chemical industries and electronic equipment, insufficient information is available on their behavior in the environment. We investigated changes in chemical forms and vertical distribution during the migration processes of trace metals, whose usage is currently increasing rapidly, such as Ag, In, Sn, Sb, and Bi, in soil contaminated with the equivalent of 50-100 times the background concentrations of these metals using an indoor control type monolith lysimeter filled with Andosol during an 8-year monitoring period...
August 8, 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790875/diarrhea-predominant-irritable-bowel-syndrome-creation-of-an-electronic-version-of-a-patient-reported-outcome-instrument-by-conversion-from-a-pen-and-paper-version-and-evaluation-of-their-equivalence
#20
Leticia Delgado-Herrera, Benjamin Banderas, Oluwafunke Ojo, Ritesh Kothari, Bernhardt Zeiher
BACKGROUND: Subjects with diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) experience abdominal cramping, bloating, pressure, and pain. Due to an absence of clinical biomarkers for IBS-D severity, evaluation of clinical therapy benefits depends on valid and reliable symptom assessments. A patient-reported outcome (PRO) instrument has been developed, comprising of two questionnaires - the IBS-D Daily Symptom Diary and IBS-D Symptom Event Log - suitable for clinical trials and real-world settings...
2017: Patient related Outcome Measures
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