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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793082/atmospheric-impacts-of-a-natural-gas-development-within-the-urban-context-of-morgantown-west-virginia
#1
Philip J Williams, Matthew Reeder, Natalie J Pekney, David Risk, John Osborne, Michael McCawley
The Marcellus Shale Energy and Environment Laboratory (MSEEL) in West Virginia provides a unique opportunity in the field of unconventional energy research. By studying near-surface atmospheric chemistry over several phases of a hydraulic fracturing event, the project will help evaluate the impact of current practices, as well as new techniques and mitigation technologies. A total of 10 mobile surveys covering a distance of approximately 1500 km were conducted through Morgantown. Our surveying technique involved using a vehicle-mounted Los Gatos Research gas analyzer to provide geo-located measurements of methane (CH4 ) and carbon dioxide (CO2 )...
May 21, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792326/common-principles-of-molecular-electronics-and-nanoscale-electrochemistry
#2
Paulo Roberto Bueno
The merging of nanoscale electronics and electrochemistry can potentially modernize the way electronic devices are currently engineered or constructed. It is well known that the greatest challenges will involve not only miniaturizing and improving the performance of mobile devices, but also manufacturing reliable electrical vehicles, and engineering more efficient solar panels and energy storage systems. These are just a few examples of how technological innovation is dependent on both electrochemical and electronic elements...
May 24, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789948/the-application-of-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-nmes-in-cancer-rehabilitation-current-prescription-pitfalls-and-future-directions
#3
Dominic O'Connor, Brian Caulfield
The plethora of treatment complications associated with cancer can be offset by regular exercise participation; however, adherence to current guidelines is poor, in particular in those unable or not allowed to participate in voluntary exercise due to their underlying disease. Alternative therapies such as neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) are promising although previous results in cancer survivors have been equivocal. This is likely in response to methodological issues such as inappropriate NMES prescription...
May 22, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789467/the-present-and-future-of-whole-genome-sequencing-wgs-and-whole-metagenome-sequencing-wms-for-surveillance-of-antimicrobial-resistant-microorganisms-and-antimicrobial-resistance-genes-across-the-food-chain
#4
REVIEW
Elena A Oniciuc, Eleni Likotrafiti, Adrián Alvarez-Molina, Miguel Prieto, Jesús A Santos, Avelino Alvarez-Ordóñez
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) surveillance is a critical step within risk assessment schemes, as it is the basis for informing global strategies, monitoring the effectiveness of public health interventions, and detecting new trends and emerging threats linked to food. Surveillance of AMR is currently based on the isolation of indicator microorganisms and the phenotypic characterization of clinical, environmental and food strains isolated. However, this approach provides very limited information on the mechanisms driving AMR or on the presence or spread of AMR genes throughout the food chain...
May 22, 2018: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789281/internet-and-social-media-access-among-youth-experiencing-homelessness-mixed-methods-study
#5
Lauren A Houdek VonHoltz, Rosemary Frasso, Jesse M Golinkoff, Alicia J Lozano, Alexandra Hanlon, Nadia Dowshen
BACKGROUND: Youth experiencing homelessness are at a risk for a variety of adverse outcomes. Given the widespread use of the internet and social media, these new technologies may be used to address their needs and for outreach purposes. However, little is known about how this group uses these resources. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated how homeless adolescents use these technologies for general and health-related purposes, whether the scope of their use changes with housing status, and their interest in a website dedicated to youth experiencing homelessness...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789276/novel-method-to-efficiently-create-an-mhealth-app-implementation-of-a-real-time-electrocardiogram-r-peak-detector
#6
Vadim Gliner, Joachim Behar, Yael Yaniv
BACKGROUND: In parallel to the introduction of mobile communication devices with high computational power and internet connectivity, high-quality and low-cost health sensors have also become available. However, although the technology does exist, no clinical mobile system has been developed to monitor the R peaks from electrocardiogram recordings in real time with low false positive and low false negative detection. Implementation of a robust electrocardiogram R peak detector for various arrhythmogenic events has been hampered by the lack of an efficient design that will conserve battery power without reducing algorithm complexity or ease of implementation...
May 22, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789017/leveraging-routine-clinical-materials-and-mobile-technology-to-assess-cbt-fidelity-the-innovative-methods-to-assess-psychotherapy-practices-imapp-study
#7
Shannon Wiltsey Stirman, Luana Marques, Torrey A Creed, Cassidy A Gutner, Robert DeRubeis, Paul G Barnett, Eric Kuhn, Michael Suvak, Jason Owen, Dawne Vogt, Booil Jo, Sonja Schoenwald, Clara Johnson, Kera Mallard, Matthew Beristianos, Heidi La Bash
BACKGROUND: Identifying scalable strategies for assessing fidelity is a key challenge in implementation science. However, for psychosocial interventions, the existing, reliable ways to test treatment fidelity quality are often labor intensive, and less burdensome strategies may not reflect actual clinical practice. Cognitive behavioral therapies (CBTs) provide clinicians with a set of effective core elements to help treat a multitude of disorders, which, evidence suggests, need to be delivered with fidelity to maximize potential client impact...
May 22, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788482/a-telehealth-system-for-automated-diagnosis-of-asthma-and-chronical-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#8
Lejla Gurbeta, Almir Badnjevic, Mirjana Maksimovic, Enisa Omanovic-Miklicanin, Ervin Sejdic
This paper presents the development and real-time testing of an automated expert diagnostic telehealth system for the diagnosis of 2 respiratory diseases, asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). The system utilizes Android, Java, MATLAB, and PHP technologies and consists of a spirometer, mobile application, and expert diagnostic system. To evaluate the effectiveness of the system, a prospective study was carried out in 3 remote primary healthcare institutions, and one hospital in Bosnia and Herzegovina healthcare system...
May 18, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787775/health-information-exposure-from-information-and-communication-technologies-and-its-associations-with-health-behaviors-population-based-survey
#9
Chen Shen, Man Ping Wang, Alice Wan, Kasisomayajula Viswanath, Sophia Siu Chee Chan, Tai Hing Lam
Health information and communication technologies (ICTs) are increasingly used but little is known about routine exposure to health information from ICTs and its associations with health behaviors. A territory-wide population-based dual landline and mobile telephone survey was conducted in 2016 in Hong Kong, where smartphone ownership and Internet access are among the most prevalent, easiest and fastest in the world. Health information exposure from traditional sources (television/radio/newspaper/magazine), Internet websites, social media sites and instant messaging (IM); and information on smoking, alcohol consumption and physical activity were recorded...
May 19, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786695/the-asthma-mobile-health-study-smartphone-data-collected-using-researchkit
#10
Yu-Feng Yvonne Chan, Brian M Bot, Micol Zweig, Nicole Tignor, Weiping Ma, Christine Suver, Rafhael Cedeno, Erick R Scott, Steven Gregory Hershman, Eric E Schadt, Pei Wang
Widespread adoption of smart mobile platforms coupled with a growing ecosystem of sensors including passive location tracking and the ability to leverage external data sources create an opportunity to generate an unprecedented depth of data on individuals. Mobile health technologies could be utilized for chronic disease management as well as research to advance our understanding of common diseases, such as asthma. We conducted a prospective observational asthma study to assess the feasibility of this type of approach, clinical characteristics of cohorts recruited via a mobile platform, the validity of data collected, user retention patterns, and user data sharing preferences...
May 22, 2018: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786681/-the-role-of-changes-in-the-structure-of-water-and-water-based-systems-in-the-mechanism-of-combined-action-of-the-magnetic-field-and-natural-therapeutic-factors
#11
E F Levitsky, B I Laptev, G N Sidorenko, T G Ivanova, N P Gorlenko, L V Antoshkin
The application of the dielectrometric technology in the combination with the resonance method and thermometry has been shown to provide an insight into a variety of factors including the influence of the magnetic field of the permanent magnets on the structure of water and water-containing systems. It was found that the magnetization of both distilled water and «Karachinskaya» mineral water increase their structuredness. Magnetization changes the biological properties of therapeutic peloids by virtue of a change in the structure of water and, accordingly, the structuring of the water fraction of therapeutic muds...
May 21, 2018: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786581/development-of-informational-communicative-system-created-to-improve-medical-help-for-family-medicine-doctors
#12
Vladyslav A Smiianov, Natalia O Dryha, Olha I Smiianova, Victor K Obodyak, Tatyana O Zudina
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Today mobile health`s protection service has no concrete meaning. As an research object it was called mHealth and named by Global observatory of electronic health`s protection as "Doctor and social health practice that can be supported by any mobile units (mobile phones or smartphones), units for patient`s health control, personal computers and other units of non-wired communication". An active usage of SMS in programs for patients` cure regimen keeping was quiet predictable...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785933/a-comparison-of-peripheral-imaging-technologies-for-bone-and-muscle-quantification-a-review-of-segmentation-techniques
#13
REVIEW
Andy Kin On Wong, Sarah Lynn Manske
Musculoskeletal science has developed many overlapping branches, necessitating specialists from 1 area of focus to often require the expertise in others. In terms of imaging, this means obtaining a comprehensive illustration of bone, muscle, and fat tissues. There is currently a lack of a reliable resource for end users to learn about these tissues' imaging and quantification techniques together. An improved understanding of these tissues has been an important progression toward better prediction of disease outcomes and better elucidation of their interaction with frailty, aging, and metabolic disorders...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784635/acceptability-of-an-mhealth-app-intervention-for-persons-with-type-2-diabetes-and-its-associations-with-initial-self-management-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Astrid Torbjørnsen, Milada Cvancarova Småstuen, Anne Karen Jenum, Eirik Årsand, Lis Ribu
BACKGROUND: Mobile health interventions are increasingly used in health care. The level of acceptability may indicate whether and how such digital solutions will be used. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore associations between the level of acceptability of a mobile diabetes app and initial ability of self-management for patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Participants with type 2 diabetes were recruited from primary health care settings to a 3-armed randomized controlled trial in the Norwegian study in the RENEWING HEALTH project...
May 21, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783738/etracker-a-mobile-gaze-tracking-system-with-near-eye-display-based-on-a-combined-gaze-tracking-algorithm
#15
Bin Li, Hong Fu, Desheng Wen, WaiLun Lo
Eye tracking technology has become increasingly important for psychological analysis, medical diagnosis, driver assistance systems, and many other applications. Various gaze-tracking models have been established by previous researchers. However, there is currently no near-eye display system with accurate gaze-tracking performance and a convenient user experience. In this paper, we constructed a complete prototype of the mobile gaze-tracking system ' Etracker ' with a near-eye viewing device for human gaze tracking...
May 19, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783278/an-evidence-based-forensic-taxonomy-of-windows-phone-dating-apps
#16
Niken Dwi Wahyu Cahyani, Kim-Kwang Raymond Choo, Nurul Hidayah Ab Rahman, Helen Ashman
Advances in technologies including development of smartphone features have contributed to the growth of mobile applications, including dating apps. However, online dating services can be misused. To support law enforcement investigations, a forensic taxonomy that provides a systematic classification of forensic artifacts from Windows Phone 8 (WP8) dating apps is presented in this study. The taxonomy has three categories, namely: Apps Categories, Artifacts Categories, and Data Partition Categories. This taxonomy is built based on the findings from a case study of 28 mobile dating apps, using mobile forensic tools...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780812/characteristics-of-mobile-phone-access-and-usage-in-rural-and-urban-guatemala-assessing-feasibility-of-text-message-reminders-to-increase-childhood-immunizations
#17
Gretchen J Domek, Ingrid L Contreras-Roldan, Edwin J Asturias, Michael Bronsert, Guillermo Antonio Bolaños Ventura, Sean T O'Leary, Allison Kempe, Sheana Bull
Background: Despite efforts to promote vaccination in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), over 20 million infants remain under-immunized and at risk for unnecessary morbidity and mortality. Mobile health technologies, such as Short Message Service (SMS) texts, have tremendous and untapped potential for disease management. Patient reminder systems are an important mechanism for improving childhood vaccination coverage and can be easily adapted to SMS platforms. However, current research lacks an understanding of the barriers and facilitators to mHealth program design, implementation, and scale in LMICs...
2018: MHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780310/mobile-software-as-a-medical-device-samd-for-the-treatment-of-epilepsy-development-of-digital-therapeutics-comprising-behavioral-and-music-based-interventions-for-neurological-disorders
#18
Pegah Afra, Carol S Bruggers, Matthew Sweney, Lilly Fagatele, Fareeha Alavi, Michael Greenwald, Merodean Huntsman, Khanhly Nguyen, Jeremiah K Jones, David Shantz, Grzegorz Bulaj
Digital health technologies for people with epilepsy (PWE) include internet-based resources and mobile apps for seizure management. Since non-pharmacological interventions, such as listening to specific Mozart's compositions, cognitive therapy, psychosocial and educational interventions were shown to reduce epileptic seizures, these modalities can be integrated into mobile software and delivered by mobile medical apps as digital therapeutics. Herein, we describe: (1) a survey study among PWE about preferences to use mobile software for seizure control, (2) a rationale for developing digital therapies for epilepsy, (3) creation of proof-of-concept mobile software intended for use as an adjunct digital therapeutic to reduce seizures, and (4) broader applications of digital therapeutics for the treatment of epilepsy and other chronic disorders...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780179/the-grand-challenges-discourse-transforming-identity-work-in-science-and-science-policy
#19
David Kaldewey
This article analyzes the concept of "grand challenges" as part of a shift in how scientists and policymakers frame and communicate their respective agendas. The history of the grand challenges discourse helps to understand how identity work in science and science policy has been transformed in recent decades. Furthermore, the question is raised whether this discourse is only an indicator, or also a factor in this transformation. Building on conceptual history and historical semantics, the two parts of the article reconstruct two discursive shifts...
2018: Minerva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777960/utility-of-cement-injection-to-stabilize-split-depression-tibial-plateau-fracture-by-minimally-invasive-methods-a-finite-element-analysis
#20
D Belaid, T Vendeuvre, A Bouchoucha, F Brémand, C Brèque, P Rigoard, A Germaneau
BACKGROUND: Treatment for fractures of the tibial plateau is in most cases carried out by stable fixation in order to allow early mobilization. Minimally invasive technologies such as tibioplasty or stabilization by locking plate, bone augmentation and cement filling (CF) have recently been used to treat this type of fracture. The aim of this paper was to determine the mechanical behavior of the tibial plateau by numerically modeling and by quantifying the mechanical effects on the tibia mechanical properties from injury healing...
May 8, 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
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