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ultrasound AND emergency

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731535/ultrasound-guided-drainage-for-pediatric-soft-tissue-abscesses-decreases-clinical-failure-rates-compared-to-drainage-without-ultrasound-a-retrospective-study
#1
Romolo Joseph Gaspari, Alexandra Sanseverino
OBJECTIVES: Soft tissue abscesses are common in the pediatric emergency department (ED). Ultrasound (US) can be used to both diagnose soft tissue abscesses as well as guide drainage. We hypothesized that clinical failure rates would be less in pediatric patients with suspected skin abscesses when evaluated with US. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of suspected pediatric skin abscesses at 4 EDs over a 22-month period. Cases were identified through electronic medical record descriptions, discharge diagnoses, and US database records...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729007/the-feasibility-of-point-of-care-ankle-ultrasound-examination-in-patients-with-recurrent-ankle-sprain-and-chronic-ankle-instability-comparison-with-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#2
Sun Hwa Lee, Seong Jong Yun
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of point-of-care ankle ultrasound compared with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for diagnosing major ligaments and Achilles tendon injuries in patients with recurrent ankle sprain and chronic instability, and to evaluate inter-observer reliability between an emergency physician and a musculoskeletal radiology fellow. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted in an emergency department. Patients with recurrent ankle sprain and chronic instability were recruited...
July 13, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728481/feasibility-of-two-dimensional-speckle-tracking-in-evaluation-of-arterial-stiffness-comparison-with-pulse-wave-velocity-and-conventional-sonographic-markers-of-atherosclerosis
#3
Michał Podgórski, Piotr Grzelak, Magdalena Kaczmarska, Michał Polguj, Maciej Łukaszewski, Ludomir Stefańczyk
Objective Arterial stiffening is an early marker of atherosclerosis that has a prognostic value for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Although many markers of arterial hardening have been proposed, the search is on for newer, more user-friendly and reliable surrogates. One such potential candidate has emerged from cardiology, the speckle-tracking technique. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of the two-dimensional speckle tracking for the evaluation of arterial wall stiffness in comparison with standard stiffness parameters...
January 1, 2017: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727561/a-cots-based-microwave-imaging-system-for-breast-cancer-detection
#4
Mario R Casu, Marco Vacca, Jorge A Tobon, Azzurra Pulimeno, Imran Sarwar, Raffaele Solimene, Francesca Vipiana
Microwave imaging is an emerging breast cancer diagnostic technique, which aims at complementing already established methods like mammography, magnetic resonance imaging, and ultrasound. It offers two striking advantages: no-risk for the patient and potential low-cost for national health systems. So far, however, the prototypes developed for validation in labs and clinics used costly lab instruments such as a vector network analyzer (VNA). Moreover, the CPU time required by complex image reconstruction algorithms may not be compatible with the duration of a medical examination...
July 18, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727387/focal-cryotherapy-step-by-step-technique-description
#5
Cristina Redondo, Victor Srougi, José Batista da Costa, Mohammed Baghdad, Guillermo Velilla, Igor Nunes-Silva, Sebastien Bergerat, Silvia Garcia-Barreras, François Rozet, Alexandre Ingels, Marc Galiano, Rafael Sanchez-Salas, Eric Barret, Xavier Cathelineau
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Focal cryotherapy emerged as an efficient option to treat favorable and localized prostate cancer (PCa). The purpose of this video is to describe the procedure step by step. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We present the case of a 68 year-old man with localized PCa in the anterior aspect of the prostate. RESULTS: The procedure is performed under general anesthesia, with the patient in lithotomy position. Briefly, the equipament utilized includes the cryotherapy console coupled with an ultrasound system, argon and helium gas bottles, cryoprobes, temperature probes and an urethral warming catheter...
July 20, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727111/phenotypic-and-genetic-relationships-of-residual-feed-intake-measures-and-their-component-traits-with-fatty-acid-composition-in-subcutaneous-adipose-of-beef-cattle
#6
F Zhang, C Ekine-Dzivenu, M Vinsky, J A Basarab, J L Aalhus, M E R Dugan, C Li
Feed efficiency is of particular interest to the beef industry because feed is the largest variable cost in production and fatty acid composition is emerging as an important trait, both economically and socially, due to the potential implications of dietary fatty acids on human health. Quantifying correlations between feed efficiency and fatty acid composition will contribute to construction of optimal multiple-trait selection indexes to maximize beef production profitability. In the present study, we estimated phenotypic and genetic correlations of feed efficiency measures including residual feed intake (RFI), RFI adjusted for final ultrasound backfat thickness (RFIf); their component traits ADG, DMI, and metabolic BW; and final ultrasound backfat thickness measured at the end of feedlot test with 25 major fatty acids in the subcutaneous adipose tissues of 1,366 finishing steers and heifers using bivariate animal models...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725601/penile-fracture-role-of-ultrasound
#7
Nishant Gupta, Pradeep Goyal, Komal Sharma, Itisha Bansal, Sonali Gupta, Shuo Li, Kenneth Zinn, Yogesh Kumar
Penile fracture is a rare surgical emergency which requires prompt diagnosis and immediate surgical repair. In most cases the diagnosis is clinical however, in equivocal cases ultrasound examination can help in establishing the diagnosis by demonstrating the site and extent of tunica albuginea disruption. In this article, we are presenting sonographic findings in two cases of penile fractures.
June 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725577/standards-for-mri-reporting-the-evolution-to-pi-rads-v-2-0
#8
REVIEW
Michael Spektor, Mahan Mathur, Jeffrey C Weinreb
Prostate cancer (PCa) remains a leading cause of death in the United States, but the vast majority of men diagnosed with PCa will die from other causes. While historically the capability of assessing the risk of life-threatening versus indolent PCa has relied heavily on serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and transrectal ultrasound (TRUS), multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) has emerged as the leading tool for detection and characterization of clinically significant PCa. However, wide variations and lack of standardization of mpMRI data acquisition, interpretation, and reporting have hampered its progress...
June 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725576/cost-consideration-in-utilization-of-multiparametric-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-prostate-cancer
#9
REVIEW
Ryan Hutchinson, Yair Lotan
The screening, evaluation and management of prostate cancer changed significantly in the last decade. The recommendations regarding prostate cancer screening continue to evolve with new revelations about existing data sets and longer followup of landmark trials. Robotics has gained the vast majority of the marketplace for surgically managed prostate cancer in rapid fashion. The need for intervention in low risk prostate cancer has been closely examined and more men are being expectantly managed than ever before...
June 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725494/apixaban-for-treatment-of-confirmed-heparin-induced-thrombocytopenia-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#10
Daniel E Ezekwudo, Rebecca Chacko, Bolanle Gbadamosi, Syeda Batool, Sussana Gaikazian, Theodore E Warkentin, Jo-Ann I Sheppard, Ishmael Jaiyesimi
BACKGROUND: Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is a life and limb-threatening condition caused by the binding of platelet-activating antibodies (IgG) to multimolecular platelet factor 4 (PF4)/heparin complexes because of heparin exposure. The by-product of this interaction is thrombin formation which substantially increases the risk of venous and/or arterial thromboembolism. Currently, only one anticoagulant, argatroban, is United States Food and Drug Administration-approved for management of HIT; however, this agent is expensive and can only be given by intravenous infusion...
2017: Experimental Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724473/imagessecondary-cardiac-cancer-mimicking-inferior-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-diagnosed-using-point-of-care-ultrasound-in-the-emergency-department
#11
Taft Micks, Patricia Kousaie, Aaron Guinn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 20, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723697/the-history-and-future-of-ablative-neurosurgery-for-major-depressive-disorder
#12
Matthew Volpini, Peter Giacobbe, G Rees Cosgrove, Anthony Levitt, Andres M Lozano, Nir Lipsman
BACKGROUND: There is an urgent need to develop safe and effective treatments for patients with treatment-resistant depression (TRD). Several neurosurgical procedures have been developed to treat the dysfunctional brain circuits implicated in major depression. OBJECTIVES: This review describes the most common ablative procedures used to treat major depressive disorder: anterior cingulotomy, subcaudate tractotomy, limbic leucotomy, and anterior capsulotomy. The efficacy and safety of each are discussed and compared with other current and emerging modalities, including deep brain stimulation (DBS) and MR-guided focused ultrasound (MRgFUS)...
July 20, 2017: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723369/evaluation-and-classification-of-stress-urinary-incontinence-current-concepts-and-future-directions
#13
REVIEW
Nadir I Osman, Vincenzo Li Marzi, Jean N Cornu, Marcus J Drake
CONTEXT: Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is a common and bothersome problem that frequently requires operative management. Over the past two decades, novel techniques have been introduced into clinical practice. With the greater variety of surgical options now available, there is an increasing focus on selecting the appropriate procedure for the individual patient based on the likely underlying pathophysiologic mechanism. OBJECTIVE: To review the methods used in the evaluation of SUI and the proposed classification systems...
August 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723226/improving-the-quality-and-safety-of-frozen-muscle-foods-by-emerging-freezing-technologies-a-review
#14
Ximing Zhan, Da-Wen Sun, Zhiwei Zhu, Qi-Jin Wang
Freezing is one of the most widespread used preservation methods for meats including fish meat. Traditional freezing methods such as air blast freezing and cryogenic freezing could induce some quality deterioration such as damage to cell structure, increased drip loss and poor sensory value. Therefore, novel freezing methods have been developed to minimize the disadvantages of traditional freezing methods. This review describes the enhancement of quality attributes of muscle tissues frozen by novel freezing technologies, including high pressure freezing, electrically and magnetically assisted freezing, ultrasound assisted freezing and antifreeze protein...
July 19, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719480/a-rare-pediatric-case-of-posttraumatic-pseudoaneurysm-case-report-and-literature-review
#15
Ada Gu, April J Kam
Posttraumatic pseudoaneurysms are extremely rare in pediatric populations. In many cases, pseudoaneurysms may be confused with abscesses, epidermoid cysts, arteriovenous fistula, foreign objects, and ganglion cysts, as well as tumors. They are associated with distinguishing findings of "pulsatile mass, a palpable thrill, and an audible to-and-fro murmur" (1), which can be confirmed by various imaging techniques. In this report, we describe the case of a 4-year-old boy who presented to the pediatric emergency department 3 weeks after falling and subsequently getting cut by glass...
July 17, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714490/current-diagnostic-approach-and-initial-treatment-patterns-for-renal-colic-in-emergency-department
#16
R Shrestha, Y Bista, A Khan
BACKGROUND: Renal colic is a common clinical presentation in emergency. The goal of this study was to describe the epidemiology, current diagnostic and treatment strategies of ureteric colic in our emergency department. METHODS: This is a retrospective study performed over a six months period of patients with clinically suspected renal colic. Data collected included age, sex, urine analysis, ultrasound studies regarding size, site of the stone and presence of hydronephrosis...
January 2017: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705754/progression-of-lyme-disease-to-bell-s-palsy-despite-treatment-with-doxycycline
#17
Luis A Marcos, Zengmin Yan
A 54 year-old healthy woman presented to the emergency department with a right sided facial paralysis. About 3 weeks ago, she woke up and noticed an attached engorged tick in her right lower extremity. A week later, she noticed a mild to moderate right jaw pain which progressed to a severe right facial pain so she visited her doctor. On physical, II to XII cranial nerve examination was unremarkable. Doppler ultrasound did not show any vascular abnormalities in temporal artery. Her inflammatory markers were within normal limits (C-reactive protein:0...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705576/scrotal-ultrasound-for-pain-low-frequency-of-absolute-surgical-indications
#18
James A Kashanian, Daniel J Mazur, Marah C Hehemann, Christopher D Morrison, Daniel T Oberlin, Valary T Raup, Andrew W Choi, Brian Trinh, Mohammed A Said, Mary Kate Keeter, Robert E Brannigan
OBJECTIVE: To examine the results of scrotal ultrasounds conducted for scrotal or testicular pain and review the pathologic findings of orchiectomies done for lesions that were suspicious for malignancy on ultrasound. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the indications and findings of all scrotal ultrasounds completed at our institution from 2002-2014. If a patient underwent an orchiectomy for an intratesticular lesion that was concerning for malignancy on ultrasound, the pathology report was also reviewed...
July 10, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702337/linear-ebus-guided-fiducial-marker-placement-to-guide-radiotherapy-for-endobronchial-radiographically-occult-synchronous-primary-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-lung
#19
David Maurice Chambers, Gregory John Pfister, Umair Ahmad Gauhar
Radiation therapy has emerged as a useful alternative therapy for patients with early-stage, non-resectable lung cancer. In patients whose malignancies are difficult to localize on computed tomography imaging, such therapy becomes difficult. Fiducial markers are frequently placed in peripheral pulmonary lesions to assist radiation therapy. Although placement of markers under linear endobronchial ultrasonography within mediastinal and hilar lymph nodes has been reported, no strategy has been described to assist radiotherapy of purely endobronchial tumors...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702139/ramipril-associated-cholestasis-in-the-setting-of-recurrent-drug-induced-liver-injury
#20
David Forner, Tasha Kulai, Thomas Arnason, Steven E Gruchy, Magnus MacLeod
Aim: Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) are commonly used to treat hypertension. Although generally well tolerated, the adverse effects of ACEIs include hypotension, cough, acute kidney injury and hyperkalemia. Rare reports of ACEI-induced hepatotoxicity have been described, most notably a cholestatic pattern of injury related to captopril. A 67-year-old male presented to the emergency department with a three-week history of jaundice, pruritis and weakness. Eight weeks before, he began taking ramipril and clopidogrel...
2017: Gastroenterology and Hepatology From Bed to Bench
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