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Mohammad Waheed El-Anwar, Mohammad Abdelhady, Hazem Saeed Amer, Manar A Ghali
Introduction Due to the close anatomical relationship between the paranasal sinuses and the orbit, involvement or injury of the orbit from paranasal sinuses procedures may occur. Objectives We aimed to study the early and delayed effect of endoscopic sinus surgery on intraocular pressure (IOP). Methods We included in the study 38 patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS), undergoing FESS. We performed FESS with the standard anterior to posterior approach. We measured IOP at the same time one day before surgery as well as day 1 and 6 weeks after surgery...
October 2016: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
Polpun Boonmak, Suhattaya Boonmak, Malinee Laopaiboon
BACKGROUND: Functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) is a minimally invasive technique that is used to treat chronic sinusitis. Small bleeding areas can reduce operative visibility and result in destruction of surrounding structures. Deliberate hypotension (lowering the mean arterial blood pressure to between 50 and 65 mm Hg in normotensive patients) using a range of pharmacological agents during general anaesthesia reduces blood loss in many operations. This review was originally published in 2013 and updated in February 2016...
October 12, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Selahattin Tugrul, Remzi Dogan, Erol Senturk, Ilker Kocak, Seda Sezen, Mefkur Bakan, Orhan Ozturan
: OBJECTıVE: The objective of this randomized double blind study was to evaluate effect of the premedication with oral clonidine on blood pressure, cleaning of surgical site and bleeding in the ESS performed due to advanced NP. METHODS: A total of 52 patients who underwent functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) due to Kennedy grade 4 nasal polyposis (NP) were included. Patients were randomized into two groups. Group 1 (n=26) received 0.2mg oral clonodine one hour before the operation in addition to standard anesthesia procedure...
August 30, 2016: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Ajisha Aravindan, Rajeshwari Subramanium, Anjolie Chhabra, Priyankar K Datta, Vimi Rewari, Suresh C Sharma, Rakesh Kumar
STUDY OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to know whether addition of magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) or diltiazem to total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) (propofol) aided reduction in blood loss during functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS). The secondary outcomes measured were surgeon's assessment of the surgical field and hemodynamics. DESIGN: Randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial. SETTING: Operating room. PATIENTS: Forty-five American Society of Anesthesiologists I and II adult patients (18-60years) undergoing FESS...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Choaib Adnane, Taoufik Adouly, Amine Khallouk, Sami Rouadi, Redallah Abada, Mohamed Roubal, Mohamed Mahtar
The purpose of this study is to use unsupervised cluster methodology to identify phenotype and mucosal eosinophilia endotype subgroups of patients with medical refractory chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS), and evaluate the difference in quality of life (QOL) outcomes after endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) between these clusters for better surgical case selection. A prospective cohort study included 131 patients with medical refractory CRS who elected ESS. The Sino-Nasal Outcome Test (SNOT-22) was used to evaluate QOL before and 12 months after surgery...
September 24, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Y Wang, Y J Zhang, H H Zhu
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of lamina papyracea ingression on orbito-ocular complications after functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS). METHODS: Data of computed tomography (CT) and post-FESS complications were analysed in 483 patients undergoing FESS from October 2013 to November 2015. According to the condition of lamina papyracea, these patients were divided into lamina papyracea ingression group (ingression group) and normal group. All data were analyzed to observe the effect of lamina papyracea ingression on orbito-ocular complications...
August 7, 2016: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
Johnny Wu, Ravi Jain, Richard Douglas
OBJECTIVE: The role of anatomical variants of the paranasal sinuses in the aetiology of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is not well understood. Furthermore, the effect of anatomical variants on long-term outcomes has not been described. This study aims to assess the effects of anatomical variants of the middle meatus on patients with limited and diffuse CRS. METHODS: A database analysis was conducted for patients with limited sinusitis (undergoing anterior FESS) and patients with diffuse sinusitis (undergoing complete FESS) between 2009 and 2013...
September 8, 2016: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Chiung-Ju Liu, Deana Marie, Aaron Fredrick, Jessica Bertram, Kristen Utley, Elaine Ewing Fess
BACKGROUND: Hand function is critical for independence in activities of daily living for older adults. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to examine how grip strength, arm curl strength, and manual dexterous coordination contributed to time-based versus self-report assessment of hand function in community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: Adults aged ≥60 years without low vision or neurological disorders were recruited. Purdue Pegboard Test, Jamar hand dynamometer, 30-second arm curl test, Jebsen-Taylor Hand Function Test, and the Late-Life Function and Disability Instrument were administered to assess manual dexterous coordination, grip strength, arm curl strength, time-based hand function, and self-report of hand function, respectively...
August 30, 2016: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
Prasad John Thottam, Chistopher M Metz, Monica C Kieu, James Dworkin, Janardhan Jagini, Johnathan N Bangiyev, Deepak Mehta
To evaluate the 2-year post-operative outcomes of pediatric patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) treated with balloon catheter sinuplasty (BCS) and ethmoidectomy compared to functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS). Two-group, retrospective cohort study of 28 children with CRS was performed. Of these 28 participants, 15 were treated with traditional FESS (53.6 %) and 13 (46.4 %) underwent traditional ethmoidectomy with balloon sinuplasty. Pre-operative and 2-year postoperative total symptom scores and medications were compared...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
Safinaz Karabayirli, Kadriye Serife Ugur, Ruveyda Irem Demircioglu, Bunyamin Muslu, Burhanettin Usta, Huseyin Sert, Nebil Ark
To compare dexmedetomidine with remifentanil in functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) in regards to intra-operative bleeding, anesthetic consumption and post-operative recovery. Randomized, double blind study. Tertiary care medical center. Fifty patients with nasal polyposis who had been scheduled for FESS were randomly divided into two groups. In group D (n = 25), dexmedetomidine 1 µg/kg infused intravenous (IV) over 10 min before anesthesia induction, followed by a continuous of 0.7 µg/kg/h infusion during operation...
July 28, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Jessica E Southwood, Todd A Loehrl, David M Poetker
In the standard functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) procedure, the amount of dissection is often determined by the extent of disease with the goal to preserve as much normal mucosa as possible while restoring ventilation and reestablishing mucociliary clearance. A subset of patients with chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis (CRSwNP), however, may continue to have persistent mucosal inflammatory and aggressive polyp regrowth despite standard FESS and maximal pharmacology therapy, leading to recurrent and recalcitrant disease...
2016: Advances in Oto-rhino-laryngology
A A Lehner, C Schlegel-Wagner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
Eric C Sun, Beth D Darnall, Laurence C Baker, Sean Mackey
IMPORTANCE: Chronic opioid use imposes a substantial burden in terms of morbidity and economic costs. Whether opioid-naive patients undergoing surgery are at increased risk for chronic opioid use is unknown, as are the potential risk factors for chronic opioid use following surgery. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the risk of chronic opioid use among opioid-naive patients following 1 of 11 surgical procedures compared with nonsurgical patients. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Retrospective analysis of administrative health claims to determine the association between chronic opioid use and surgery among privately insured patients between January 1, 2001, and December 31, 2013...
September 1, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
J Van der Veen, S F Seys, M Timmermans, P Levie, M Jorissen, W J Fokkens, P W Hellings
RATIONALE: The European Position Paper on Sinusitis (EPOS) guidelines provide composite criteria to evaluate chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) control, taking into consideration the severity of patients' symptoms, aspect of nasal mucosa and medical intake as parameters of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) control. OBJECTIVES: To study the degree of CRS control using novel EPOS control criteria at 3-5 years after a functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS), and correlate these data to symptoms scores...
July 8, 2016: Allergy
A Das, S Chhaule, S Bhattacharya, S R Basunia, T Mitra, P S Halder, S Chattopadhyay, S K Mandal
BACKGROUND: Functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) is the cornerstone of therapeutic management for nasal pathologies. This study is to compare the ability of preoperative and intraoperative esmolol versus dexmedetomidine for producing induced hypotension during FESS in adults in a day care setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty patients (20-45 years) posted for FESS under general anesthesia were randomly divided into Group E (n = 30) receiving esmolol, loading dose 1 mg/kg over 1 min followed by 0...
July 2016: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
Himanshu Varshney, Jitendra Varshney, Subhradev Biswas, S K Ghosh
Sinonasal polyps are benign lesions arising from nose and/or sinuses mucosa. Paranasal sinuses computed tomogram (CT) scan are important for functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) as their information assist the surgeon in pre-operative planning. This study aimed to show importance of CT scan in evaluation of anatomical variations to prove a correlation with disease process and extent of disease in sinonasal polyposis patients. A study was done from Sept, 2010 to Sept, 2011 with 33 patients presenting with nasal polyps...
June 2016: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
Mohd Afiq Mohd Slim, David Dick, Keith Trimble, Gary McKee
Patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) are at increased risk of nasal polyps. We present the case of a 17-month-old Caucasian patient with CF who presented with hypertelorism causing cycloplegic astigmatism, right-sided mucoid discharge, snoring and noisy breathing. Imaging suggested bilateral mucoceles in the ethmoid sinuses. Intraoperatively, bilateral soft tissue masses were noted, and both posterior choanae were patent. Polypectomy and bilateral mega-antrostomies were performed. Histological examination revealed inflammatory nasal polyposis typical of CF...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Nikita Chapurin, Adam Honeybrook, Sean Johnson, Cynthia Wang, David W Jang
BACKGROUND: The retroantral ethmoid cell (RAEC) is defined as a posterior ethmoid cell that pneumatizes inferolaterally behind the posterior wall of the maxillary sinus. The RAEC can present a challenge to otolaryngologists during endoscopic ethmoidectomy due to its concealed location. It is also encountered during the endoscopic transpterygoid approach to the skull base, which requires dissection behind the posterior wall of the maxillary sinus. Because the RAEC is not described in the literature, this study aims to better characterize this anatomic variant...
June 21, 2016: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
Sukhminder Jit Singh Bajwa, Jasleen Kaur, Ashish Kulshrestha, Rudrashish Haldar, Rakesh Sethi, Amarjit Singh
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Induced hypotension limits intra-operative blood loss to provide better visibility of the surgical field and diminishes the incidence of major complications during functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS). We aimed at comparing nitroglycerine, esmolol and dexmedetomidine for inducing controlled hypotension in patients undergoing FESS. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred and fifty American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I or II adult patients undergoing FESS under general anesthesia were randomly allocated to three groups of 50 patients each...
April 2016: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
Haribalan Kumar, Ravi Jain, Richard G Douglas, Merryn H Tawhai
Endoscopic surgery is performed on patients with chronic inflammatory disease of the paranasal sinuses to improve sinus ventilation. Little is known about how sinus surgery affects sinonasal airflow. In this study nasal passage geometry was reconstructed from computed tomographic imaging from healthy normal, pre-operative, and post-operative subjects. Transient air flow through the nasal passage during calm breathing was simulated. Subject-specific differences in ventilation of the nasal passage were observed...
2016: PloS One
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