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Blood ph and stroke

Florian Huemer, Martin Dejaco, Christoph Grabmer, Thomas Melchardt, Daniel Neureiter, Georg Mayer, Alexander Egle, Richard Greil, Lukas Weiss
BACKGROUND: Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia is an inherited autosomal dominant disease presenting with recurrent bleeding episodes and iron deficiency anemia due to vascular malformations. Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia is associated with an increased risk of stroke, gastrointestinal bleeding and pulmonary hypertension and life expectancy is significantly reduced. Excess vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plays a key role in the pathophysiology of the disease. CASE PRESENTATION: Here we report about a male patient with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia presenting with pulmonary and central nervous system involvement experiencing repetitive nosebleeds, necessitating frequent local cauterization and transfusion of more than 100 units of packed red blood cells...
November 23, 2016: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Jitin Narula, Usha Kiran, Poonam Malhotra Kapoor, Minati Choudhury, Palleti Rajashekar, Ujjwal Kumar Chowdhary
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of autologous blood harvest (ABH)-induced volume shifts using electrical cardiometry (EC) in patients with pulmonary artery hypertension secondary to left heart disease. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, controlled trial. SETTING: A tertiary care hospital. PARTICIPANTS: The study comprised 50 patients scheduled to undergo heart valve replacement. INTERVENTIONS: Patients were divided randomly into 2 experimental groups that were distinguished by whether ABH was performed...
July 26, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Hang Yao, Priti Azad, Huiwen W Zhao, Juan Wang, Orit Poulsen, Beatriz C Freitas, Alysson R Muotri, Gabriel G Haddad
The sodium bicarbonate co-transporter (NBC) is the major bicarbonate-dependent acid-base transporter in mammalian astrocytes and has been implicated in ischemic brain injury. A malfunction of astrocytes could have great impact on the outcome of stroke due to their participation in the formation of blood-brain barrier, synaptic transmission, and electrolyte balance in the human brain. Nevertheless, the role of NBC in the ischemic astrocyte death has not been well understood. In this work, we obtained skin biopsies from healthy human subjects and had their fibroblasts grown in culture and reprogrammed into human-induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs)...
December 17, 2016: Neuroscience
Bhawna Gupta, Ali Dodge-Khatami, Juan Tucker, Mary B Taylor, Douglas Maposa, Miguel Urencio, Jorge D Salazar
BACKGROUND: Antegrade cerebral perfusion (ACP) typically is used with deep hypothermia for cerebral protection during aortic arch reconstructions. The impact of ACP on cerebral oxygenation and serum creatinine at a more tepid 25 °C was studied in newborns and children. METHODS: Between 2010 and 2014, 61 newborns and children (<5 years old) underwent aortic arch reconstruction using moderate hypothermia (25.0±0.9 °C) with ACP and a pH-stat blood gas management strategy...
July 2016: Translational pediatrics
Marine M Tanashyan, Polina I Kuznetsova, Alla A Shabalina, Anton A Raskurazhev, Olga V Lagoda, Irina N Subortseva, Anait L Melikyan
BACKGROUND: Disturbances of microcirculation play a significant role in the development and progression of both acute and chronic cerebrovascular diseases (CVD) and may be associated with different hemogram abnormalities. One of the reasons of the prothrombogenic state of the endothelium is the increase in the number of blood corpuscles leading to (non-Ph) myeloproliferative disorders (MPD) including essential thrombocythemia (ET), polycythemia vera (PV), and primary myelofibrosis (PM)...
September 7, 2016: Cerebrovascular Diseases Extra
Brigitte Ranque, Aymeric Menet, Pierre Boutouyrie, Ibrahima Bara Diop, Samuel Kingue, Mamadou Diarra, Roland N'Guetta, Dapa Diallo, Saliou Diop, Ibrahima Diagne, Ibrahima Sanogo, Aissata Tolo, David Chelo, Guillaume Wamba, Jean Paul Gonzalez, Cochise Abough'elie, Cheick Oumar Diakite, Youssouf Traore, Gaëlle Legueun, Indou Deme-Ly, Blaise Felix Faye, Moussa Seck, Boidy Kouakou, Ismael Kamara, Sylvain Le Jeune, Xavier Jouven
BACKGROUND: Although a blood genetic disease, sickle cell disease (SCD) leads to a chronic vasculopathy with multiple organ involvement. We assessed arterial stiffness in SCD patients and looked for associations between arterial stiffness and SCD-related vascular complications. METHODS: The CADRE (Coeur Artères et Drepanocytose, ie, Heart Arteries and Sickle Cell Disease) study prospectively recruited pediatric and adult SCD patients and healthy controls in Cameroon, Ivory Coast, Gabon, Mali, and Senegal...
September 27, 2016: Circulation
Zhiliang Guo, Shuhong Yu, Lulu Xiao, Xin Chen, Ruidong Ye, Ping Zheng, Qiliang Dai, Wen Sun, Changsheng Zhou, Shuiping Wang, Wusheng Zhu, Xinfeng Liu
BACKGROUND: The neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been shown to predict short- and long-term outcomes in ischemic stroke patients. We sought to explore the temporal profile of the plasma NLR in stroke patients treated with intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) and its relationship with intracranial bleeding complications after thrombolysis. METHODS: A total of 189 ischemic stroke patients were prospectively enrolled. Blood samples for leukocyte, neutrophil, and lymphocyte counts were obtained at admission and at 3-6, 12-18, and 36-48 h after IVT...
2016: Journal of Neuroinflammation
C Clark, D Thomas, F Warren, D Llewellyn, L Ferrucci, J Campbell
OBJECTIVE: Over three million people aged over 65 fall each year in the UK. Postural hypotension (PH) is a risk factor for falls. It is associated with excess mortality, and may affect cognition. PH is not routinely checked for in UK clinical practice. We studied the InCHIANTI dataset to derive and validate a simple prediction tool designed to facilitate identification of subjects to be checked for PH. DESIGN AND METHOD: InCHIANTI is a population-based study of ageing...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Fujiko Someya, Naoki Mugii, Sachie Oohata
OBJECTIVES: Systemic sclerosis impairs the dilatation of affected pulmonary blood vessels and myocardial diastolic function at rest, but few studies have examined cardiac hemodynamic response during exercise. This study aimed to evaluate the factors affecting cardiac response during submaximal exercise in patients with systemic sclerosis. METHODS: Fifty-nine consecutive patients and 27 age- and sex-matched healthy controls underwent the 6-minute walk test with a non-invasive impedance cardiograph device...
September 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Alexis N Simpkins, Christian Dias, Richard Leigh
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Animal models of acute cerebral ischemia have demonstrated that diffuse blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption can be reversible after early reperfusion. However, irreversible, focal BBB disruption in humans is associated with hemorrhagic transformation in patients receiving intravenous thrombolytic therapy. The goal of this study was to use a magnetic resonance imaging biomarker of BBB permeability to differentiate these 2 forms of BBB disruption. METHODS: Acute stroke patients imaged with magnetic resonance imaging before, 2 hours after, and 24 hours after treatment with intravenous tissue-type plasminogen activator were included...
September 2016: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
Graham R Scott, Victoria Matey, Julie-Anne Mendoza, Kathleen M Gilmour, Steve F Perry, Vera M F Almeida-Val, Adalberto L Val
Air breathing in fish is commonly believed to have arisen as an adaptation to aquatic hypoxia. The effectiveness of air breathing for tissue O2 supply depends on the ability to avoid O2 loss as oxygenated blood from the air-breathing organ passes through the gills. Here, we evaluated whether the armoured catfish (Hypostomus aff. pyreneusi)-a facultative air breather-can avoid branchial O2 loss while air breathing in aquatic hypoxia, and we measured various other respiratory and metabolic traits important for O2 supply and utilization...
July 26, 2016: Journal of Comparative Physiology. B, Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology
Nuno Carvalho Guerra, Mathieu Pernot, Georgios Nesseris, Mohammed Al-Yamani, Xavier Roques, Jean-Benoît Thambo, Bernard Kreitmann, François Roubertie
BACKGROUND: Scimitar syndrome may be corrected using different techniques. Repair using an extracardiac conduit has rarely been performed. This study assessed the intermediate-term outcomes of this technique in adults. METHODS: From January 2000 to June 2011, 7 adult patients underwent correction with a ringed polytetrafluoroethylene conduit used to connect the scimitar vein (SV) to the left atrium, posterior to the inferior vena cava (IVC). Preoperative and perioperative data were reviewed retrospectively...
December 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Elena Velkoska, Sheila K Patel, Louise M Burrell
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) is an important regulator of the renin-angiotensin system through actions to degrade angiotensin II. Loss of ACE2 can contribute to the development and progression of cardiovascular disease, and experimental studies have highlighted a beneficial role for novel therapeutic approaches that activate or replenish tissue ACE2. This review focuses on experimental studies that have used the off-target effects of the antitrypanosomal agent, diminazene aceturate (DIZE) to activate ACE2...
September 2016: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension
Richard Leigh, Søren Christensen, Bruce C V Campbell, Michael P Marks, Gregory W Albers, Maarten G Lansberg
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to confirm the relationship between the degree of blood-brain barrier (BBB) damage and the severity of intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) in a population of patients who received endovascular therapy. METHODS: The degree of BBB disruption on pretreatment MRI scans was analyzed, blinded to follow-up data, in the DEFUSE 2 cohort in which patients had endovascular therapy within 12 hours of stroke onset. BBB disruption was compared with ICH grade previously established by the DEFUSE 2 core lab...
July 19, 2016: Neurology
Yehuda Handelsman, Robert R Henry, Zachary T Bloomgarden, Sam Dagogo-Jack, Ralph A DeFronzo, Daniel Einhorn, Ele Ferrannini, Vivian A Fonseca, Alan J Garber, George Grunberger, Derek LeRoith, Guillermo E Umpierrez, Matthew R Weir
AACE = American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists ACE = American College of Endocrinology DKA = diabetic ketoacidosis EMA = European Medicines Agency FDA = U.S. Food and Drug Administration SGLT-2 = sodium glucosecotransporter 2 T1D = type 1 diabetes T2D = type 2 diabetes.
June 2016: Endocrine Practice
Jaber Emami, Mohammad-Reza Kazemali
Blood pressure rises rapidly upon awakening and maybe responsible, in part, for the increased incidence of myocardial infarction and stroke during the morning hours. The aim of the present study was, therefore, to develop a novel chronotherapeutic formulation of metoprolol tartrate (MT) for night time dosing providing maximum effect in the morning hours. Core tablets contained MT, sodium chloride, lactose, Avicel(®) and starch. Powders were mixed, sieved and directly compressed in to tablets using a single punch tablet machine...
January 2016: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
Keqin Liu, Shenqiang Yan, Sheng Zhang, Yang Guo, Min Lou
The present study investigates the association between hour-to-hour blood pressure (BP) variability and severe hemorrhagic transformation (HT) after intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) during hyperacute stage. We analyzed hour-to-hour BP measurement within 24 h after IVT in patients with acute ischemic stroke. We calculated the maximum, minimum, and average (mean) of 24-h BP values, and BP variability profiles including standard deviation (SD), average squared difference between successive measurements (SV), average squared difference between rise and drop successive measurements (SV rise and SV drop), and maximum of SV rise and SV drop (SVrisemax and SVdropmax) after quartering 0-to-24 h BP course...
June 2016: Translational Stroke Research
Senthil Selvaraj, Ph Gabriel Steg, Yedid Elbez, Emmanuel Sorbets, Laurent J Feldman, Kim A Eagle, E Magnus Ohman, Jacques Blacher, Deepak L Bhatt
BACKGROUND: Pulse pressure (PP) provides valuable prognostic information in specific populations, but few studies have assessed its value on cardiovascular outcomes in a broad, worldwide population. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine whether PP is associated with major adverse cardiovascular outcomes, independently of mean arterial pressure. METHODS: Participants from the international REACH (Reduction of Atherothrombosis for Continued Health) registry, which evaluates subjects with clinical atherothrombotic disease or risk factors for its development, were examined...
February 2, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Wei Cui, Ran Liu, Haiqiang Jin, Pu Lv, Yuyao Sun, Xi Men, Saina Yang, Xiaozhong Qu, Zhenzhong Yang, Yining Huang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: pH-sensitive polyethylene glycol-conjugated urokinase nanogels (PEG-UKs) were previously reported to be a new form of UK nanogels that could release UK at certain pH values. In this study, we evaluated the effect of PEG-UK targeted to ischemic tissue with microcirculation failure in rat model of ischemic stroke and investigated the possible mechanisms of action. METHODS: Surgeries were performed to induce persistent middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion in adult Sprague-Dawley rats...
March 10, 2016: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Lucas A Zena, Valter Dantonio, Luciane H Gargaglioni, Denis V Andrade, Augusto S Abe, Kênia C Bícego
Baroreflex regulation of blood pressure is important for maintaining appropriate tissue perfusion. Although temperature affects heart rate (fH) reflex regulation in some reptiles and toads, no data are available on the influence of temperature-independent metabolic states on baroreflex. The South American tegu lizard Salvator merianae exhibits a clear seasonal cycle of activity decreasing fH along with winter metabolic downregulation, independent of body temperature. Through pharmacological interventions (phenylephrine and sodium nitroprusside), the baroreflex control of fH was studied at ∼ 25 °C in spring-summer- and winter-acclimated tegus...
March 2016: Journal of Experimental Biology
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