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Exercise older adults

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344738/adherence-to-exercise-prescription-and-improvements-in-the-clinical-and-vascular-health-of-african-americans
#1
Dianne M Babbitt, Amanda M Perkins, Keith M Diaz, Deborah L Feairheller, Kathleen M Sturgeon, Praveen Veerabhadrappa, Sheara T Williamson, Jan Kretzschmar, Chenyi Ling, Hojun Lee, Heather Grim, Michael D Brown
Improvements in indices of vascular health and endothelial function have been inversely associated with hypertension, a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (e.g., myocardial infarction, stroke, and heart failure), renal failure, and mortality. Aerobic exercise training (AEXT) has been positively associated with improvements in clinical health values, as well as vascular health biomarkers, and endothelial function. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether measures of exercise adherence were related to clinical outcome measures and indices of vascular health subsequent to a 6-month AEXT intervention in a middle-to-older aged African American cohort...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340130/falling-down-on-the-job-evaluation-and-treatment-of-fall-risk-among-older-adults-with-upper-extremity-fragility-fractures
#2
Christine M McDonough, Carrie H Colla, Donald Carmichael, Anna N A Tosteson, Tor D Tosteson, John-Erik Bell, Robert V Cantu, Jonathan D Lurie, Julie P W Bynum
Background: Clinical practice guidelines recommend fall risk assessment and intervention for older adults who sustain a fall-related injury to prevent future injury and mobility decline. Objective: To describe how often Medicare beneficiaries with upper extremity fracture receive evaluation and treatment for fall risk. Design: Observational cohort. Methods Subjects: Fee-for-service beneficiaries age 66 to 99 treated as outpatients for proximal humerus or distal radius/ulna ("wrist") fragility fractures were studied using Carrier and Outpatient Hospital files...
March 2, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338708/lower-risk-of-incident-dementia-among-chinese-older-adults-having-three-servings-of-vegetables-and-two-servings-of-fruits-a-day
#3
Allen T C Lee, Marcus Richards, Wai C Chan, Helen F K Chiu, Ruby S Y Lee, Linda C W Lam
Background: dietary modification can potentially reduce dementia risk, but the importance of fruits and the amount of vegetables and fruits required for cognitive maintenance are uncertain. We examined whether the minimal daily requirement of vegetables and fruits recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) would independently lower dementia risk. Methods: in this population-based observational study, we examined the diet of 17,700 community-living dementia-free Chinese older adults who attended the Elderly Health Centres in Hong Kong at baseline and followed their cognitive status for 6 years...
February 10, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338385/self-regulatory-imagery-and-physical-activity-in-middle-aged-and-older-adults-a-social-cognitive-perspective
#4
Maria-Christina Kosteli, Jennifer Cumming, Sarah E Williams
Limited research has investigated exercise imagery use in middle-aged and older adults and its relationship with affective and behavioural correlates. The study examined the association between self-regulatory imagery and physical activity (PA) through key social cognitive variables. Middle-aged and older adults (N = 299; Mage = 59.73 years, SD = 7.73, range = 50 to 80) completed self-report measures assessing self-regulatory imagery use, self-efficacy, outcome expectations, perceived barriers, self-regulatory behaviour, enjoyment, and PA levels...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338229/response-to-endurance-exercise-training-in-older-adults-with-heart-failure-with-preserved-or-reduced-ejection-fraction
#5
Ambarish Pandey, Dalane W Kitzman, Peter Brubaker, Mark J Haykowsky, Timothy Morgan, J Thomas Becton, Jarett D Berry
OBJECTIVES: To systematically examine the relative magnitude and predictors of responses to exercise training in older adult with heart failure (HF) with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), and preserved EF (HFpEF). DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Outpatient cardiac rehabilitation program. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals with HF (24 HFrEF, 24 HFpEF) who underwent supervised exercise training...
March 24, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334483/activities-of-daily-living-trajectories-among-institutionalized-older-adults-a-prospective-study
#6
Huai-Ting Kuo, Kuan-Chia Lin, Chung-Fu Lan, I-Chuan Li
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine ADL trajectory groups among older residents in Taiwan, and to determine the relative risks of demographic characteristics and health status in explaining the trajectory group of ADL. BACKGROUND: Activity of daily living (ADL) is a crucial indicator of health status for institutionalized older adults. ADL is a dynamic process, and has differences in trajectory groups. DESIGN: This study was a 3-year longitudinal analysis of long-term care (LTC) facility residents in Taiwan...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332010/an-evidence-based-walking-program-among-older-people-with-knee-osteoarthritis-the-pep-participant-exercise-preference-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Laurianne Loew, Lucie Brosseau, Glen P Kenny, Natalie Durand-Bush, Stéphane Poitras, Gino De Angelis, George A Wells
Knee osteoarthritis is a common joint problem leading to an increase of pain and a loss of function in older individuals. The main objective of this study was to evaluate if a participant who was randomly assigned to his preferred group improved his adherence to an effective walking program compared to a participant who did not receive his preferred group. This was a 9-month pilot randomized clinical trial, based on a patient treatment preferences design. The 69 eligible participants had a diagnosis of knee osteoarthritis...
March 22, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329846/daily-well-being-benefits-of-physical-activity-in-older-adults-does-time-or-type-matter
#8
Brenda R Whitehead, Jessica M Blaxton
Purpose of the Study: There is little debate that maintaining some level of physical activity in later life conveys positive benefits both physically and psychologically. What is less understood is the extent to which the type of activity or the length of time spent doing it matters when it comes to these benefits on the daily level. Here, we investigated (a) whether the presence of daily purposeful exercise (Exercise) or non-exercise physical activity (Activity) is sufficient for experiencing day-level benefits, or if time spent matters, and (b) whether there are differential well-being benefits of Exercise and Activity on the daily level...
March 8, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329844/the-influence-of-exercise-on-cognitive-function-in-older-hispanic-latino-adults-results-from-the-%C3%A2-caminemos-study
#9
Lissette M Piedra, Flavia C D Andrade, Rosalba Hernandez, Seth William Boughton, Laura Trejo, Catherine A Sarkisian
Purpose of the Study: We examined the prospective effect of an evidence-based exercise intervention (¡Caminemos!) on cognitive function among older Hispanic/Latino adults and the potential synergistic effects (if any) of an attribution-retraining intervention given to a random sample to counter negative ascriptions of the aging process. Design and Methods: We analyzed baseline and follow-up (1- and 2-year) data collected from Hispanics/Latinos ≥60 years (N = 571) who participated in ¡Caminemos! across 27 senior centers...
March 15, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329785/beet-root-juice-an-ergogenic-aid-for-exercise-and-the-aging-brain
#10
Meredith Petrie, W Jack Rejeski, Swati Basu, Paul J Laurienti, Anthony P Marsh, James L Norris, Daniel B Kim-Shapiro, Jonathan H Burdette
Background: Exercise has positive neuroplastic effects on the aging brain. It has also been shown that ingestion of beet root juice (BRJ) increases blood flow to the brain and enhances exercise performance. Here, we examined whether there are synergistic effects of BRJ and exercise on neuroplasticity in the aging brain. Methods: Peak metabolic equivalent (MET) capacity and resting-state magnetic resonance imaging functional brain network organization are reported on 26 older (mean age = 65...
November 9, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329121/very-low-calorie-diets-for-weight-loss-in-obese-older-adults-a-randomized-trial
#11
Cilla J Haywood, Luke A Prendergast, Katrina Purcell, Lauren Le Fevre, Wen Kwang Lim, Mary Galea, Joseph Proietto
Background: Obesity contributes to disability in older adults, and this is offset by weight loss and exercise. Very Low Calorie Diets (VLCDs) achieve rapid weight loss; however, these have not been rigorously evaluated in older people. Methods: A randomized trial was conducted from August 2012 through December 2015. The intervention was 12 weeks of thrice weekly exercise combined with either healthy eating advice (Ex/HE), hypocaloric diet (Ex/Diet), or VLCD (Ex/VLCD)...
February 20, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329063/lysosomal-proteolysis-is-associated-with-exercise-induced-improvement-of-mitochondrial-quality-control-in-aged-hippocampus
#12
Li Luo, Jia-Ru Dai, Shan-Shan Guo, A-Ming Lu, Xiao-Fang Gao, Yan-Rong Gu, Xiao-Fei Zhang, Hai-Dong Xu, Yan Wang, Zhou Zhu, Lisa J Wood, Zheng-Hong Qin
Exercise improves cognitive function in older adults, but the underlying mechanism is largely unknown. Both lysosomal degradation and mitochondrial quality control decline with age. We hypothesized that exercise ameliorates age-related cognitive decline through the improvement of mitochondrial quality control in aged hippocampus, and this effect is associated with lysosomal proteolysis. Sixteen to eighteen-month old male Sprague Dawley rats underwent swim exercise training for 10 weeks. The exercise regimen prevented cognitive decline in aged rats, reduced oxidative stress, and rejuvenated mitochondria in the aged hippocampus...
January 19, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327083/the-effect-of-an-interactive-cycling-training-on-cognitive-functioning-in-older-adults-with-mild-dementia-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
E G A Karssemeijer, W J R Bossers, J A Aaronson, R P C Kessels, M G M Olde Rikkert
BACKGROUND: To date there is no cure or an effective disease-modifying drug to treat dementia. Available acetylcholine-esterase inhibiting drugs or memantine only produce small benefits on cognitive and behavioural functioning and their clinical relevance remains controversial. Combined cognitive-aerobic interventions are an appealing alternative or add-on to current pharmacological treatments. The primary aim of this study is to investigate the efficacy of a combined cognitive-aerobic training and a single aerobic training compared to an active control group in older adults with mild dementia...
March 21, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322667/facilitating-self-transcendence
#14
Valerie Lander McCarthy, Lynne A Hall, Timothy N Crawford, Jennifer Connelly
This randomized controlled pilot study evaluated the effects of the Psychoeducational Approach to Transcendence and Health (PATH) Program, an 8-week intervention hypothesized to increase self-transcendence and improve well-being in community-dwelling women aged 60 years and older ( N = 20). The PATH combined mindfulness exercises, group processes, creative activities, and at-home practice using community engaged research methods. Findings provided some support for the effectiveness of PATH. Although there was no significant Group × Time interaction, self-transcendence, psychological well-being, and life satisfaction differed significantly pre- and postintervention in the wait-listed control group, which received a revised version of the program...
February 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321240/validation-of-veterans-specific-activity-questionnaire-to-assess-exercise-tolerance-of-chinese-elderly-with-coronary-heart-disease
#15
Yan Wang, Jing-Jing Shi, Bo-Zhong Wang
OBJECTIVE: The Veterans Specific Activity Questionnaire (VSAQ) has been used to assess exercise tolerance. Nevertheless, there is no validated Chinese version. The aim of this study is to determine whether a questionnaire-based method using the Chinese version of VSAQ (the modified VSAQ) is a practical tool to assess exercise tolerance of Chinese elderly with coronary heart disease. METHODS: One hundred thirty consecutive elderly patients who were diagnosed with coronary heart disease (CHD) (mean age 68...
December 2016: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320363/the-mediational-role-of-physical-activity-social-contact-and-stroke-on-the-association-between-age-education-employment-and-dementia-in-an-asian-older-adult-population
#16
Edimansyah Abdin, Siow Ann Chong, Chao Xu Peh, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Boon Yiang Chua, Swapna Verma, Anitha Jeyagurunathan, Saleha Shafie, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: Our study aimed to investigate the pathways by which socio-demographic factors, modifiable health and lifestyle risk factors influence each other, and subsequently, lead to dementia. METHODS: We used data from the Well-being of the Singapore Elderly study, a nationally representative survey of the older adult population aged 60 years and above in Singapore. Dementia diagnosis was established using 10/66 dementia criteria. Structural equation modelling (SEM) without latent variable was applied to confirm the hypothesized model...
March 20, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320132/early-markers-of-kidney-dysfunction-and-cognitive-impairment-among-older-adults
#17
Yudan Wei, Yinan Kevin Wei, Jianmin Zhu
BACKGROUND: Age-related decline in kidney function can be an important risk factor for cognitive impairment in older adults. In this study, we examined several kidney function measures for the association with cognitive function in older adults in hope to identify early and sensitive markers that can be used for the detection or screening for cognitive impairment. METHODS: A total of 1982 older participants (aged ≥60years) in the 1999-2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey was analyzed for the association between kidney function and cognitive impairment using multivariate logistic regression and general linear models...
April 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320071/adherence-to-national-exercise-guidelines-by-patients-attending-emergency-departments-a-multi-site-survey
#18
Paul Berlingeri, Neil Cunningham, David McD Taylor, Jonathan Knott, Daniel McLean, Rex Gavan, Luke Plant, Hayley Chen, Tracey Weiland
OBJECTIVE: The proportion of adults in Australia meeting or exceeding the national guidelines for physical activity has remained relatively static over the past 10 years. The research objective was to measure self-reported physical activity and sedentary behaviour among ED patients in accordance with Australia's current physical activity and sedentary behaviour guidelines, revised in 2014. METHODS: A convenience sample of participants was recruited from three EDs in Melbourne between February and May 2016...
March 20, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316258/walking-football-as-sustainable-exercise-for-older-adults-a-pilot-investigation
#19
Peter Reddy, Irundika Dias, Carol Holland, Niyah Campbell, Iaysha Nagar, Luke Connolly, Peter Krustrup, Harry Hubball
The health benefits of playing football and the importance of exercise and social contact for healthy ageing are well established, but few older adults in the UK take enough exercise. Football is popular, flexible in format and draws players into engrossing, effortful and social exercise, but the physical demands of play at full speed may make it unsustainable for some older adults. Restricted to walking pace, will play still be engaging? Will health benefits be retained? Will physical demands remain manageable? This pilot study aims to investigate: (1) the experience of older adults playing walking football every week, is it sustainable and rewarding, (2) the intensity and locomotor pattern of walking football, (3) the scale and nature of walking football health benefits and (4) possible cognitive benefits of playing walking football through measures of processing speed, selective and divided attention and updating and inhibition components of executive function...
March 19, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304305/combined-dual-task-gait-training-and%C3%A2-aerobic-exercise-to-improve-cognition-%C3%A2-mobility-and%C3%A2-vascular-health-in%C3%A2-community-dwelling-older-adults-at%C3%A2-risk-for-future-cognitive-decline1
#20
Michael A Gregory, Narlon C Boa Sorte Silva, Dawn P Gill, Cheri L McGowan, Teresa Liu-Ambrose, J Kevin Shoemaker, Vladimir Hachinski, Jeff Holmes, Robert J Petrella
This 6-month experimental case series study investigated the effects of a dual-task gait training and aerobic exercise intervention on cognition, mobility, and cardiovascular health in community-dwelling older adults without dementia. Participants exercised 40 min/day, 3 days/week for 26 weeks on a Biodex GaitTrainer2 treadmill. Participants were assessed at baseline (V0), interim (V1: 12-weeks), intervention endpoint (V2: 26-weeks), and study endpoint (V3: 52-weeks). The study outcomes included: cognition [executive function (EF), processing speed, verbal fluency, and memory]; mobility: usual & dual-task gait (speed, step length, and stride time variability); and vascular health: ambulatory blood pressure, carotid arterial compliance, and intima-media thickness (cIMT)...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
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