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Exercise older adults

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904240/effectiveness-of-exercise-on-functional-mobility-in-adults-with-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#1
Hillary Lawrence, Sara Hills, Nicole Kline, Kyra Weems, Antonette Doty
Purpose: We identified evidence evaluating the effect of exercise on functional mobility in adults (aged 18 y or older) with cerebral palsy (CP). Method: An exhaustive search was conducted using the electronic databases PubMed, MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, SPORTDiscus, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews from the earliest available evidence (1975) to the present (January 2016) for studies whose participants were ambulatory adults with CP receiving conservative treatment to address functional mobility limitations...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900515/community-based-healthy-aging-interventions-for-older-adults-with-arthritis-and-multimorbidity
#2
Janice C Zgibor, Lei Ye, Robert M Boudreau, Molly B Conroy, Joni Vander Bilt, Elizabeth A Rodgers, Elizabeth A Schlenk, Mini E Jacob, Jane Brandenstein, Steven M Albert, Anne B Newman
Examine the impact of programs led by community health workers on health and function in older adults with arthritis and other health conditions. We conducted a cluster-randomized trial of the Arthritis Foundation Exercise Program (AFEP) enhanced with the "10 Keys"™ to Healthy Aging compared with the AFEP program at 54 sites in 462 participants (mean age 73 years, 88 % women, 80 % white). Trained Community health workers delivered the 10-week programs. Outcomes assessed after 6 months included physical performance [Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB)], Western Ontario and McMaster Universities (WOMAC) Osteoarthritis Index, and preventive health behaviors...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900185/benefits-of-a-novel-concept-of-home-based-exercise-with-the-aim-of-preventing-aspiration-pneumonia-and-falls-in-frail-older-women-a-pragmatic-controlled-trial
#3
Katsuhiko Takatori, Daisuke Matsumoto, Munenori Nishida, Shinnichiro Matsushita, Tatsuya Noda, Tomoaki Imamura
AIM: To investigate whether home-based exercise with the aim of preventing aspiration pneumonia and accidental falls improves swallowing-related and physical functions in community-dwelling frail older women. METHODS: Participants were 266 community-dwelling frail older women in a long-term care prevention class (mean (SD): age 75 (5) years). Participants were allocated to either an intervention group or a control group. In the intervention group, participants were asked to perform, at least three times a week for 6 months, a home-based exercise programme that was specifically developed to prevent aspiration pneumonia and accidental falls...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900151/can-the-otago-falls-prevention-program-be-delivered-by-video-a-feasibility-study
#4
Jennifer C Davis, Chun Liang Hsu, Winnie Cheung, Penny M A Brasher, Linda C Li, Karim M Khan, Jonathan Sykes, Dawn A Skelton, Teresa Liu-Ambrose
OBJECTIVES: We assessed the feasibility of delivering the Otago Exercise Programme (OEP) via an interactive DVD (ie, OEP-DVD) in combination with monthly physical therapist phone calls to older adults. DESIGN: This pre-post (baseline and 6-month follow-up) study included an intervention group (n=61) based in a rural location and a control group (n=21) based in a city. SETTING: Sechelt and Vancouver, British Columbia. PARTICIPANTS: 82 community-dwelling adults ≥75 years...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897408/muscle-fibre-capillarization-is-a-critical-factor-in-muscle-fibre-hypertrophy-during-resistance-exercise-training-in-older-men
#5
Tim Snijders, Joshua P Nederveen, Sophie Joanisse, Marika Leenders, Lex B Verdijk, Luc J C van Loon, Gianni Parise
BACKGROUND: Adequate muscle fibre perfusion is critical for the maintenance of muscle mass; it is essential in the rapid delivery of oxygen, nutrients and growth factors to the muscle, stimulating muscle fibre growth. Muscle fibre capillarization is known to decrease substantially with advancing age. However, whether (relative) low muscle fibre capillarization negatively impacts the muscle hypertrophic response following resistance exercise training in older adults is unknown. METHODS: Twenty-two healthy older men (71 ± 1 years) performed 24 weeks of progressive resistance type exercise training...
August 4, 2016: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897406/integrated-care-for-geriatric-frailty-and-sarcopenia-a-randomized-control-trial
#6
Ding-Cheng Derrick Chan, Hsiao-Hui Tsou, Chirn-Bin Chang, Rong-Sen Yang, Jau-Yih Tsauo, Ching-Yu Chen, Chin-Fu Hsiao, Ya-Ting Hsu, Chia-Hui Chen, Shu-Fang Chang, Chao Agnes Hsiung, Ken N Kuo
BACKGROUND: Exercise, nutrition, and psychological interventions may all have positive impacts on frailty and sarcopenia. However, it is not known whether an integrated care programme with all three components can be beneficial and the intensity of such programme is also not certain. In this study, we aim to determine the effectiveness of two levels of integrated care on frailty and sarcopenia. METHODS: A randomized control trial was conducted at two community hospitals in Taiwan...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894796/cognitive-challenges-aging-and-neuromuscular-fatigue
#7
Ashley E Shortz, Ranjana K Mehta
Cognitive challenges, such as concurrent cognitive demands or prior cognitive fatigue, have shown to adversely impact neuromuscular fatigue, specifically in younger adults. Whether these relationships are similar for the aging population remains unclear. The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of different cognitive challenges on handgrip fatigue with aging. Ten younger (24.10 (1.79) years) and ten older (75.90 (7.80) years) females attended three experimental conditions (control, i.e., exercise only, cognitive fatigue prior to exercise, and concurrent mental arithmetic during exercise) on different days...
November 25, 2016: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894731/content-and-evaluation-of-the-benefits-of-effective-exercise-for-older-adults-with-knee-pain-trial-physiotherapist-training-programme
#8
Melanie A Holden, Rebecca Whittle, Emma L Healey, Susan Hill, Ricky Mullis, Edward Roddy, Gail Sowden, Stephanie Tooth, Nadine E Foster
OBJECTIVE: To explore whether participating in the BEEP trial training programme (ISRCTN93634563) increased physiotherapists' self-confidence, and changed their intended clinical behaviour, regarding exercise for knee pain in older adults. DESIGN: Before/after training programme evaluation. Physiotherapists were asked to complete a questionnaire before the BEEP trial training programme, immediately afterwards, and 12-18 months later (post-intervention delivery in the BEEP trial)...
November 25, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894271/effectiveness-of-a-physical-exercise-intervention-program-in-improving-functional-mobility-in-older-adults-after-hip-fracture-in-later-stage-rehabilitation-protocol-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial-reative-study
#9
Camila Astolphi Lima, Catherine Sherrington, Adriana Guaraldo, Suzana Albuquerque de Moraes, Renata Dos Ramos Varanda, Juliana de Araújo Melo, Kodi Edson Kojima, Monica Perracini
BACKGROUND: Hip fractures resulting from falls increase substantially with advancing age and less than half of older hip fracture survivors regain their former levels of mobility. There is increasing evidence that rehabilitation interventions with exercises that goes beyond the sub-acute phase or even in a later stage of care have a positive impact on various functional abilities. The purpose of this study is to determine if exercise program training for people who have suffered a fall-related hip fracture will improve functional mobility when compared with usual care...
November 29, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893567/determining-whether-a-dosage-specific-and-individualized-home-exercise-program-with-consults-reduces-fall-risk-and-falls-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-difficulty-walking-a-randomized-control-trial
#10
Estelle Gallo, Maria Stelmach, Fernanda Frigeri, Dong-Hyun Ahn
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The development and implementation of effective interventions to prevent falls in older adults is a public health priority. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of a new practice model, incorporating Shubert's evidence-based fall prevention recommendations, with the usual ambulatory physical therapy (PT) at Rusk Rehabilitation, to decrease fall risk among older adults living in the community. The hypotheses were (1) the proposed program would decrease participants' fall risk, (2) it would be more effective than our usual PT, and (3) the addition of 4 consults after discharge would improve compliance with a home exercise program...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893480/high-speed-resistance-training-modifies-load-velocity-and-load-power-relationships-in-parkinson-s-disease
#11
Meng Ni, Joseph F Signorile
Muscle power is a major neuromuscular factor affecting motor function and independence in patients with Parkinson's disease; and it is commonly targeted using high-speed exercise. This study examined the changes in velocities (Vpp) and percent loads (%1RMpp) at peak power, as well as load-velocity (L-V) and load-power (L-P) relationships, resulting from resistance training due to exercise choice and loading in older Parkinson's patients. Fourteen older adults with mild to moderate Parkinson's disease participated in a 12-week randomized controlled power training trial...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891520/short-term-lifestyle-strategies-for-sustaining-cognitive-status
#12
Elizabeth P Howard, John N Morris, Knight Steel, Kelley A Strout, Brant E Fries, Alice Moore, Vjenka Garms-Homolová
Cognitive decline impacts older adults, particularly their independence. The goal of this project was to increase understanding of how short-term, everyday lifestyle options, including physical activity, help an older adult sustain cognitive independence. Using a secondary analysis of lifestyle choices, we drew on a dataset of 4,620 community-dwelling elders in the US, assessed at baseline and one year later using 2 valid and reliable tools, the interRAI Community Health Assessment and the interRAI Wellness tool...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890482/dietary-nitrate-does-not-affect-physical-activity-outcomes-in-health-older-adults-in-a-randomized-crossover-trial
#13
Mario Siervo, Clio Oggioni, Djordje G Jakovljevic, Michael Trenell, John C Mathers, David Houghton, Carlos Celis-Morales, Ammar W Ashor, Alan Ruddock, Mayur Ranchordas, Markos Klonizakis, Elizabeth A Williams
Although dietary nitrate (NO3(-)) ingestion appears to enhance exercise capacity and performance in young individuals, inconclusive findings have been reported in older people. Therefore, we conducted a double-blind, crossover randomized clinical trial using beetroot juice in older healthy participants, who were classified as normal weight and overweight. We tested whether consumption of beetroot juice (a rich source of NO3(-)) for 1 week would increase nitric oxide bioavailability via the nonenzymatic pathway and enhance (1) exercise capacity during an incremental exercise test, (2) physical capability, and (3) free-living physical activity...
November 14, 2016: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883168/exercise-interventions-for-preserving-physical-function-among-cancer-survivors-in-middle-to-late-life
#14
C W Daum, S K Cochrane, J D Fitzgerald, L Johnson, T W Buford
The purpose of this review was to evaluate randomized controlled trials aiming to preserve the functional status, i.e. physical capabilities, of middle-aged and older cancer survivors through a structured, physical exercise intervention. The study team performed a thorough search of the literature using six online databases. This literature search limited included studies to randomized controlled trials which implemented a structured physical activity intervention for middle- and older-aged adults diagnosed with cancer...
2016: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881086/lower-extremity-resistance-training-on-unstable-surfaces-improves-proxies-of-muscle-strength-power-and-balance-in-healthy-older-adults-a-randomised-control-trial
#15
Nils Eckardt
BACKGROUND: It is well documented that both balance and resistance training have the potential to mitigate intrinsic fall risk factors in older adults. However, knowledge about the effects of simultaneously executed balance and resistance training (i.e., resistance training conducted on unstable surfaces [URT]) on lower-extremity muscle strength, power and balance in older adults is insufficient. The objective of the present study was to compare the effects of machine-based stable resistance training (M-SRT) and two types of URT, i...
November 24, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879982/resistance-band-exercises-reduce-depression-and-behavioral-problems-of-wheelchair-bound-older-adults-with-dementia-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Kuei-Min Chen, Chang-Chih Kuo, Ya-Hui Chang, Hsin-Ting Huang, Yin-Yin Cheng
OBJECTIVES: To test the effects of a 15-month wheelchair-bound resistance band exercise program on depression and behavioral problems of wheelchair-bound older adults with dementia. DESIGN: Single-blind, cluster-randomized controlled trial with repeated measures. SETTING: Eight nursing homes in southern Taiwan. PARTICIPANTS: Wheelchair-bound nursing home older adults with dementia who participated voluntarily (N = 150) were cluster-randomized to two groups (experimental or control group); 127 completed the study (experimental: four nursing homes, n = 65; control: four nursing homes, n = 62)...
November 23, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878580/depressive-symptom-trajectories-in-the-first-10-years-of-diabetes-diagnosis-antecedent-factors-and-link-with-future-disability-in-taiwan
#17
Ching-Ju Chiu, Yu-Hsuan Tseng, Yu-Ching Hsu, Shang-Te Wu
PURPOSE: This study identified depressive symptom trajectories in the years after diabetes diagnosis, examined factors that predict the probability for people following a specific trajectory, and investigated how the trajectories are associated with subsequent disability. METHODS: We drew data from a nationally representative survey in Taiwan to identify adults aged 50 and older diagnosed with diabetes; 487 patients newly diagnosed with diabetes during 1996-2007 were included...
November 23, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876478/physical-exercise-helped-to-maintain-and-restore-functioning-in-chinese-older-adults-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-5-year-prospective-study-of-the-hong-kong-memory-and-ageing-prospective-study-hk-maps
#18
Duan Yang Ma, Candy H Y Wong, Grace T Y Leung, Ada W T Fung, Wai Chi Chan, Linda C W Lam
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the potential of physical exercise habit as a lifestyle modification against cognitive and functional decline at the community level. METHODS: A total of 454 community-dwelling Chinese older adults without dementia participated in the Hong Kong Memory and Ageing Prospective Study at baseline and follow-up at 5 years. Their cognitive and functional performances were assessed by the Cantonese version of the Mini-Mental State Examination (CMMSE) and the Chinese version of Disability Assessment in Dementia (DAD)...
November 18, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874178/targeted-exercise-training-to-optimize-leg-power-leg-speed-and-mobility-in-older-adults
#19
Jonathan F Bean, Marla K Beauchamp, Meng Ni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 22, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866841/thai-yoga-improves-physical-function-and-well-being-in-older-adults-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Chaiya Noradechanunt, Anthony Worsley, Herbert Groeller
OBJECTIVES: Compare two 12-week low-intensity exercise regimens on components of physical function and quality of life in community-dwelling healthy yet sedentary adults aged over 60. DESIGN: This study used a randomised, multi-arm, controlled trial design. METHODS: Thirty-nine sedentary participants (29 women), aged 67.7±6.7 years were randomly allocated to either a 12-week Thai Yoga (TY) or Tai Chi (TC) for 90min twice per week, or telephone counselling Control (C)...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
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