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Exercise older adults

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334614/perceptions-of-exercise-screening-among-older-adults
#1
Liza Stathokostas, Andrea F M Petrella, Wendy Blunt, Robert J Petrella
BACKGROUND: Pre-physical activity screening is important for older adults' participating in physical activity. Unfortunately, many older adults face barriers to exercise participation and thus, may not complete proper physical activity screening. The purpose of this project was to conduct a thematic analysis of perceptions and experiences of community-dwelling older adults regarding pre-physical activity screening (i.e., Get Active Questionnaire (GAQ) and a standardized exercise stress test)...
January 15, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326900/development-of-strategies-for-changing-in-physical-activity-behaviors-on-older-adults-with-disabilities
#2
Kyo-Man Koo, Chae-Hee Park, Chun-Jong Kim
The purpose of this study was to develop strategies for promoting physical activity for the disabled older adults who were in the transtheoretical model of precontemplation, contemplation, and preparation stages about participating physical activities for promoting healthy life-styles. In order to achieve this goal, we developed a preliminary strategy for promoting physical activity for the elderly with disabilities based on the data gathered through the ground-work studies and the results of the research on the changes of the exercise behavior directly investigated from the elderly with disabilities...
December 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326089/associations-between-markers-of-oxidative-stress-skeletal-muscle-mass-and-function-and-to-the-influence-of-resistance-exercise-training-in-older-adults
#3
Ciriaco Carru, Mariasole Da Boit, Panagiotis Paliogiannis, Angelo Zinellu, Salvatore Sotgia, Rachael Sibson, Judith R Meakin, Richard M Aspden, Arduino A Mangoni, Stuart R Gray
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress (OS) negatively affects skeletal muscle homeostasis in experimental models of ageing. However, little is known about the associations between circulating OS markers and parameters of muscle mass and function, and their responses to exercise training, in humans. METHODS: Maximal voluntary contraction (MVC, primary outcome) and isokinetic torque of the knee extensors at 30° s-1 (MIT), muscle cross-sectional area (MCSA) and quality (MQ, secondary outcomes), and plasma concentrations of malondialdehyde (MDA, pro-OS), homocysteine (HCY, pro-OS), taurine (TAU, anti-OS), and protein sulphydryl groups (PSH, anti-OS) were measured in 27 healthy older males and 23 females at baseline and after an 18-week resistance exercise program, with or without a nutritional intervention (fish oil vs...
January 8, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326087/a-multicomponent-exercise-program-improves-physical-function-in-long-term-nursing-home-residents-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Haritz Arrieta, Chloe Rezola, Idoia Zarrazquin, Iñaki Echeverria, Jose Javier Yanguas, Miren Iturburu, Susana Maria Gil, Ana Rodriguez-Larrad, Jon Irazusta
To investigate the impact of a multicomponent exercise program on anthropometry, physical function, and physical activity on older adults living in long-term nursing homes (LTNH), we conducted a randomized controlled trial involving 112 participants aged 84.9 ± 6.9 years. Participants were randomly assigned to an intervention (IG) or control group (CG). The IG participated in a 3-month multicomponent exercise intervention focused on strength, balance, stretching exercises, and walking recommendations...
January 8, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325113/vitality-club-a-proof-of-principle-of-peer-coaching-for-daily-physical-activity-by-older-adults
#5
Paul L van de Vijver, Herman Wielens, Joris P J Slaets, David van Bodegom
Many age-related diseases can be prevented or delayed by daily physical activity. Unfortunately, many older adults do not perform physical activity at the recommended level. Professional interventions do not reach large numbers of older adults for a long period of time. We studied a peer-coach intervention, in which older adults coach each other, that increased daily physical activity of community dwelling older adults for over 6 years. We studied the format and effects of this peer coach intervention for possible future implementation elsewhere...
January 9, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324562/effectiveness-of-interventions-to-prevent-pre-frailty-and-frailty-progression-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#6
João Apóstolo, Richard Cooke, Elzbieta Bobrowicz-Campos, Silvina Santana, Maura Marcucci, Antonio Cano, Miriam Vollenbroek-Hutten, Federico Germini, Barbara D'Avanzo, Holly Gwyther, Carol Holland
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the best available evidence regarding the effectiveness of interventions for preventing frailty progression in older adults. INTRODUCTION: Frailty is an age-related state of decreased physiological reserves characterized by an increased risk of poor clinical outcomes. Evidence supporting the malleability of frailty, its prevention and treatment, has been presented. INCLUSION CRITERIA: The review considered studies on older adults aged 65 and over, explicitly identified as pre-frail or frail, who had been undergoing interventions focusing on the prevention of frailty progression...
January 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322550/hyposalivation-and-10-year-all-cause-mortality-in-an-elderly-japanese-population
#7
Masanori Iwasaki, Wenche S Borgnakke, Akihiro Yoshihara, Kayoko Ito, Hiroshi Ogawa, Kaname Nohno, Misuzu Sato, Kumiko Minagawa, Toshihiro Ansai, Hideo Miyazaki
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of salivary flow rate with all-cause mortality among older Japanese adults. We hypothesised that hyposalivation would be a marker for mortality. BACKGROUND: Hyposalivation, which is an objectively measurable decrease in salivary flow, is highly prevalent among older adults. It is associated with malnutrition and poor general health. METHODS: The study population comprised 600 community-dwelling Japanese adults (306 men and 294 women), who were 70 years old at baseline...
January 10, 2018: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322314/cognitive-impairment-is-associated-with-elevated-serum-homocysteine-levels-among-older-adults
#8
Sunghee Kim, Bo Youl Choi, Jung Hyun Nam, Mi Kyung Kim, Dong Hoon Oh, Yoon Jung Yang
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine the associations between the risk of cognitive impairment and the serum levels of folate, vitamin B12, and homocysteine (Hcy). METHODS: Subjects were persons aged 60-79 years who participated in the Yangpyeong Cohort study between 2011 and 2012. Cognitive impairment and normal subjects consisted of 100 pairs of old adults matched by age, sex, and education levels. Cognitive function was evaluated with the Korean version of the Mini-Mental State Examination for Dementia Screening (MMSE-DS)...
January 10, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320338/healthy-behaviors-and-incidence-of-disability-in-community-dwelling-elderly
#9
Ryo Hotta, Hyuma Makizako, Takehiko Doi, Kota Tsutsumimoto, Sho Nakakubo, Keitaro Makino, Takao Suzuki, Hiroyuki Shimada
OBJECTIVES: In this paper and prospective study, we examine the number of healthy behaviors and the incidence of disability in community-dwelling older adults aged 65 years and older. METHODS: Participants (N = 4483) were residents of Obu, Japan who were asked about regular exercise, smoking status, and sleep duration. Demographic variables, history of disease, physi- cal function, and cognitive function were measured as confounders. Information about disabil- ity was obtained from the Obu City Office...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310138/effect-of-physical-activity-on-frailty-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Andrea Trombetti, Mélany Hars, Fang-Chi Hsu, Kieran F Reid, Timothy S Church, Thomas M Gill, Abby C King, Christine K Liu, Todd M Manini, Mary M McDermott, Anne B Newman, W Jack Rejeski, Jack M Guralnik, Marco Pahor, Roger A Fielding
Background: Limited evidence suggests that physical activity may prevent frailty and associated negative outcomes in older adults. Definitive data from large long-term randomized trials are lacking. Objective: To determine whether a long-term, structured, moderate-intensity physical activity program is associated with a lower risk for frailty and whether frailty status alters the effect of physical activity on the reduction in major mobility disability (MMD) risk...
January 9, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309534/skeletal-muscle-power-measurement-in-older-people-a-systematic-review-of-testing-protocols-and-adverse-events
#11
Julian Alcazar, Amelia Guadalupe-Grau, Francisco J García-García, Ignacio Ara, Luis M Alegre
Background: Muscle power has been proposed to be the primary therapeutic target for resistance training interventions aimed at enhancing physical function in older adults. However, no recommendations exist on ideal testing protocols to assess muscle power in older adults, and the safety of this procedure has not been adequately evaluated in the literature. Methods: A systematic review was conducted to identify studies evaluating muscle power exerted by older people in resistance exercises through May 2017...
November 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307094/diet-and-exercise-changes-following-bone-densitometry-in-the-patient-activation-after-dxa-result-notification-paadrn-study
#12
Douglas W Roblin, Peter Cram, Yiyue Lou, Stephanie W Edmonds, Sylvie F Hall, Michael P Jones, Kenneth G Saag, Nicole C Wright, Fredric D Wolinsky
Calcium and vitamin D intake and exercise are suboptimal among older adults. Following bone densitometry, a letter communicating individualized fracture risk accompanied by an educational brochure improved participants' lifestyle-but no more than existing communication strategies-over 52 weeks. Simple communication strategies are insufficient for achieving optimal levels of bone health behaviors. PURPOSE: The Patient Activation After DXA Result Notification (PAADRN) study was designed to evaluate whether a letter with individualized fracture risk and an educational brochure mailed to patients soon after their DXA might improve bone health behaviors (daily calcium intake, vitamin D supplementation, and weekly exercise sessions) compared to slower, less individualized communication characterizing usual care...
January 6, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306767/effects-of-concurrent-training-on-muscle-strength-in-older-adults-with-metabolic-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#13
Vania Fernanda Clemente Agner, Marcia Carvalho Garcia, Andre Andriolli Taffarel, Camila Baudini Mourão, Isabel Paulo da Silva, Sara Pereira da Silva, Maria Stella Peccin, Império Lombardi
INTRODUCTION: Metabolic syndrome is highly prevalent among older adults. Concurrent training comprises muscle strengthening and aerobic exercise. OBJECTIVE: Determine the effects of a concurrent training program on muscle strength, walking function, metabolic profile, cardiovascular risk, use of medications and quality of life among older adults with metabolic syndrome. METHODS: A randomised, controlled, blind, clinical trial was conducted in the city of Santos, state of São Paulo, Brazil, involving 41 male and female older adults...
December 24, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305397/physical-activity-implementation-study-in-community-dwelling-adults-phisical-study-protocol
#14
Hannah Carpenter, Sarah Audsley, Carol Coupland, John Gladman, Denise Kendrick, Natasher Lafond, Philippa Logan, Dawn A Skelton, Clare Timblin, Stephen Timmons, Derek Ward, Elizabeth Orton
BACKGROUND: Falls in older people are a leading causes of unintentional injury. Due to an ageing population, injuries are likely to increase unless more is done to reduce older people's falls risk. In clinical trials, the Falls Management Exercise (FaME) programme has reduced the rate of falls and falls-related injuries in community-dwelling older adults. However, the commissioning of FaME is inconsistent across England, potentially due to a lack of evidence that FaME can be delivered effectively in a 'real world' setting...
January 5, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304507/perturbation-exercises-during-treadmill-walking-improve-pelvic-and-trunk-motion-in-older-adults-a-randomized-control-trial
#15
Yoav Gimmon, Raziel Riemer, Ilan Kurz, Amir Shapiro, Ronen Debbi, Itshak Melzer
BACKGROUND: Most falls among older adults occur while walking. Pelvic and trunk motions are required to maintain stability during walking. We aimed to explore whether training that incorporates unexpected loss of balance during walking that evokes balance recovery reactions will improve pelvic, thorax, and trunk kinematics at different walking speeds. METHODS: Fifty-three community-dwelling older adults (age 80.1 ± 5.6 years) were randomly allocated to an intervention group (n = 27) or a control group (n = 26)...
December 27, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300434/postprandial-metabolic-responses-differ-by-age-group-and-physical-activity-level
#16
S R Emerson, S P Kurti, E M Emerson, B J Cull, K Casey, M D Haub, S K Rosenkranz
OBJECTIVES: To compare the postprandial metabolic responses to a high-fat meal in healthy adults who differ by age and physical activity level. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, quasi-experimental design. SETTING: Physical Activity and Nutrition Clinical Research Consortium (PAN-CRC) at Kansas State University (Manhattan, KS, USA). PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-two healthy adults: 8 younger active (YA) adults (4M/4W; 25 ± 5 yr), 8 older active (OA) adults (4M/4W; 67 ± 5 yr), and 6 older inactive (OI) adults (3M/3W; 68 ± 7 yr)...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300423/effects-of-low-dose-dairy-protein-plus-micronutrient-supplementation-during-resistance-exercise-on-muscle-mass-and-physical-performance-in-older-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
S Seino, K Sumi, M Narita, Y Yokoyama, K Ashida, A Kitamura, S Shinkai
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether supplementation with low-dose dairy protein plus micronutrients augments the effects of resistance exercise (RE) on muscle mass and physical performance compared with RE alone among older adults. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Tokyo, Japan. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-two community-dwelling older adults (mean age, 73.5 years) were randomly allocated to an RE plus dairy protein and micronutrient supplementation group or an RE only group (n = 41 each)...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300417/feasibility-acceptability-and-effects-of-a-home-based-exercise-program-using-a-gerontechnology-on-physical-capacities-after-a-minor-injury-in-community-living-older-adults-a-pilot-study
#18
M Lauzé, D D Martel, A Agnoux, M-J Sirois, M Émond, R Daoust, M Aubertin-Leheudre
CONTEXT: Several studies have demonstrated that physical activity can help limit decline in functional capacities of older adults. Nevertheless, many adults aged 65 and over are inactive. OBJECTIVE: To explore the feasibility, the acceptability and the effects of a home-based exercise program (HEP) using a motion capture gerontechnology in independent community-living older adults at risk of function decline. DESIGN: Interventionnal clinical trial...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300415/physical-performance-and-serum-25-oh-vitamin-d-status-in-community-dwelling-old-mobility-limited-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Å von Berens, T Cederholm, R A Fielding, T Gustafsson, D Kirn, J Laussen, M Nydahl, T G Travison, K Reid, A Koochek
OBJECTIVES: To examine the potential association between serum 25(OH) vitamin D and the performance on the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) including the sub-components; five repeated chair stands test, 4 meters walk test and balance in older mobility-limited community-dwelling men and women. DESIGN: A cross sectional study was performed in American and Swedish subjects who were examined for potential participation in a combined exercise and nutrition intervention trial...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290278/validation-of-the-decisional-conflict-scale-for-evaluating-advance-care-decision-conflict-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#20
JinShil Kim, Shinmi Kim, Sun Woo Hong, Se-Won Kang, Minjeong An
PURPOSE: Decisional conflict is a significant and important barrier in end-of-life care planning, and it is often encountered in health professionals' discussions with patients and their families. Little is known about the measurement of decisional conflict, and existing measures are not suitable for all contexts. In this study, psychometric properties of the Decisional Conflict Scale, which was translated for the first time into Korean [Korean version of DCS (K-DCS)], were examined. METHODS: A sample of 273 community-dwelling elders was surveyed (mean age: 77...
December 2017: Asian Nursing Research
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