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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667154/reliability-and-feasibility-of-gait-initiation-centre-of-pressure-excursions-using-a-wii-%C3%A2-balance-board-in-older-adults-at-risk-of-failing
#1
James Lee, Graham Webb, Adam P Shortland, Rebecca Edwards, Charlotte Wilce, Gareth D Jones
BACKGROUND: Impairments in dynamic balance have a detrimental effect in older adults at risk of falls (OARF). Gait initiation (GI) is a challenging transitional movement. Centre of pressure (COP) excursions using force plates have been used to measure GI performance. The Nintendo Wii Balance Board (WBB) offers an alternative to a standard force plate for the measurement of CoP excursion. AIMS: To determine the reliability of COP excursions using the WBB, and its feasibility within a 4-week strength and balance intervention (SBI) treating OARF...
April 17, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667152/falls-in-mexican-older-adults-aged-60-years-and-older
#2
Luis M Valderrama-Hinds, Soham Al Snih, Nai-Wei Chen, Martin A Rodriguez, Rebeca Wong
BACKGROUND: Falls are a major cause of disability, morbidity, institutionalization, and mortality in older adults. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to examine the risk factors for falls among Mexican older adults aged 60 years and older. METHODS: This study included 6247 participants and their spouse or partner aged 60 years and older from the Mexican Health and Aging Study, an ongoing longitudinal study (2001-2012) conducted in Mexico...
April 17, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666388/the-cognitive-complexity-of-concurrent-cognitive-motor-tasks-reveals-age-related-deficits-in-motor-performance
#3
Anderson Souza Oliveira, Mikkel Staall Reiche, Cristina Ioana Vinescu, Sif Amalie Halkjær Thisted, Carina Hedberg, Miguel Nobre Castro, Martin Gronbech Jørgensen
Aging reduces cognitive functions, and such impairments have implications in mental and motor performance. Cognitive function has been recently linked to the risk of falls in older adults. Physical activities have been used to attenuate the declines in cognitive functions and reduce fall incidence, but little is known whether a physically active lifestyle can maintain physical performance under cognitively demanding conditions. The aim of this study was to verify whether physically active older adults present similar performance deficits during upper limb response time and precision stepping walking tasks when compared to younger adults...
April 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666129/preventing-emergency-department-ed-visits-and-hospitalisations-of-older-adults-with-cognitive-impairment-compared-with-the-general-senior-population-what-do-we-know-about-avoidable-incidents-results-from-a-scoping-review
#4
Mireille Gagnon-Roy, Benyahia Hami, Mélissa Généreux, Nathalie Veillette, Marie-Josée Sirois, Mary Egan, Véronique Provencher
OBJECTIVES: Older cognitively impaired adults present a higher risk of hospitalisation and mortality following a visit to the emergency department (ED). Better understanding of avoidable incidents is needed to prevent them and the associated ED presentations in community-dwelling adults. This study aimed to synthetise the actual knowledge concerning these incidents leading this population to ED presentation, as well as possible preventive measures to reduce them. DESIGN: A scoping review was performed according to the Arksey and O'Malley framework...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665851/psychological-distress-increases-the-risk-of-falling-into-poverty-amongst-older-australians-the-overlooked-costs-of-illness
#5
Emily J Callander, Deborah J Schofield
BACKGROUND: This paper aimed to identify whether high psychological distress is associated with an increased risk of income and multidimensional poverty amongst older adults in Australia. METHODS: We undertook longitudinal analysis of the nationally representative Household Income and Labour Dynamics in Australian (HILDA) survey using modified Poisson regression models to estimate the relative risk of falling into income poverty and multidimensional poverty between 2010 and 2012 for males and females, adjusting for age, employment status, place of residence, marital status and housing tenure; and Population Attributable Risk methodology to estimate the proportion of poverty directly attributable to psychological distress, measured by the Kessler 10 scale...
April 17, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665016/underreporting-of-fall-injuries-of-older-adults-implications-for-wellness-visit-fall-risk-screening
#6
Geoffrey J Hoffman, Jinkyung Ha, Neil B Alexander, Kenneth M Langa, Mary Tinetti, Lillian C Min
OBJECTIVES: To compare the accuracy of and factors affecting the accuracy of self-reported fall-related injuries (SFRIs) with those of administratively obtained FRIs (AFRIs). DESIGN: Retrospective observational study SETTING: United States PARTICIPANTS: Fee-for-service Medicare beneficiaries aged 65 and older (N=47,215). MEASUREMENTS: We used 24-month self-report recall data from 2000-2012 Health and Retirement Study data to identify SFRIs and linked inpatient, outpatient, and ambulatory Medicare data to identify AFRIs...
April 17, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661612/hearing-self-motion-perception-mobility-and-aging
#7
REVIEW
Jennifer Campos, Robert Ramkhalawansingh, M Kathleen Pichora-Fuller
Hearing helps us know where we are relative to important events and objects in our environment and it allows us to track our changing position dynamically over space and time. Auditory cues are used in combination with other sensory inputs (visual, vestibular, proprioceptive) to help us perceive our own movements through space, known as self-motion perception. Whether we are maintaining standing balance, walking, or driving, audition can provide unique and important information to help optimize self-motion perception, and consequently to support safe mobility...
March 31, 2018: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661594/accidental-injuries-among-older-adults-an-incidence-study
#8
Maria Gudnadottir, Thordis Katrin Thorsteinsdottir, Brynjolfur Mogensen, Thor Aspelund, Edda Bjork Thordardottir
BACKGROUND: To date, the majority of studies assessing accidental injuries among the elderly have focused on fall injuries, while studies of other mechanisms of injuries have been lacking. Therefore, the main objective of this study was to investigate all injury-related visits among older adults to an emergency department and risk factors for injuries. METHODS: Data were collected on all registered visits of adults, ≥67 years old, living in the capital of Iceland, to the emergency department of Landspitali, the National University Hospital, in 2011 and 2012...
April 13, 2018: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661330/balance-disorders-in-older-adults
#9
REVIEW
David Eibling
Balance disorders are common in the elderly and can lead to falls, with resultant severe morbidity and even mortality. Progressive loss of vestibular function begins in middle age and is affected by multiple disease processes. Polypharmacy impacts many disease processes in the elderly, with balance function being one of the most susceptible. Evaluation of the older patient with a balance disorder is critical for the well-being of these patients, as it may drive intervention. This article reviews balance disorders often encountered in older patients and makes recommendations regarding education of nonotolaryngologists...
May 2018: Clinics in Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659323/how-strong-is-the-social-security-safety-net-using-the-elder-index-to-assess-gaps-in-economic-security
#10
Jan E Mutchler, Yang Li, Ping Xu
Older Americans rely heavily on Social Security benefits (SSBs) to support independent lifestyles, and many have few or no additional sources of income. We establish the extent to which SSBs adequately support economic security, benchmarked by the Elder Economic Security StandardTM Index. We document variability across U.S. counties in the adequacy levels of SSBs among older adults. We find that the average SSB falls short of what is required for economic security in every county in the U.S., but the level of shortfall varies considerably by location...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655657/the-mindful-eating-behavior-scale-development-and-psychometric-properties-in-a-sample-of-dutch-adults-aged-55-years-and-older
#11
Laura H H Winkens, Tatjana van Strien, Juan Ramón Barrada, Ingeborg A Brouwer, Brenda W J H Penninx, Marjolein Visser
BACKGROUND: Earlier scales on mindful eating do not measure mindful eating independent from emotional or external eating, or mindful eating in common situations. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to develop a new instrument to measure the attention element of mindful eating, the Mindful Eating Behavior Scale (MEBS), and to compute the internal structure, reliabilities, and convergent validity of this scale. DESIGN: A cross-sectional ancillary study within the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam was conducted between fall 2014 and spring 2015...
April 11, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653157/do-depressive-symptoms-affect-balance-in-older-adults-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-results-from-the-gait-and-brain-study
#12
Frederico Pieruccini-Faria, Susan W Muir-Hunter, Manuel Montero-Odasso
BACKGROUND: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and depression independently affect balance control in older adults. However, it is uncertain whether depressive symptoms would amplify balance problems in older adults with MCI. AIM: To evaluate if the presence of significant depressive symptoms affects postural sway under somatosensory challenges in a MCI population. METHODS: Eighty two participants (mean of 75.3 ± 6.4 years of age; 46% women) with MCI completed cognitive and balance assessments...
April 10, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651640/characteristics-of-new-onset-and-chronic-sleep-medication-users-among-older-adults-a-retrospective-study-of-a-us-medigap-plan-population-using-propensity-score-matching
#13
Shirley Musich, Shaohung S Wang, Luke B Slindee, Lynn Saphire, Ellen Wicker
BACKGROUND: Prescription sleep medications are often utilized to manage sleep problems among older adults even though these drugs are associated with multiple risks. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to determine the prevalence and characteristics of new-onset compared to chronic sleep medication users and to examine factors associated with the conversion from new to chronic use. A secondary objective was to investigate the impact of sleep medications on health outcomes of injurious falls and patterns of healthcare utilization and expenditures...
April 12, 2018: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642377/benzodiazepines-withdrawal-initial-outcomes-and-long-term-impact-on-falls-in-a-french-nursing-home
#14
Hervé Javelot, Anne Marquis, Emilie Antoine-Bernard, Jean Grandidier, Luisa Weiner, Thierry Javelot, Bruno Michel
Long-term use of benzodiazepines (BZDs) is known to induce tolerance and dependence, and increase the risk of falls-related injuries in older adults. We present a study carried out in a French nursing home that concerns the implementation of a BZD withdrawal program reassessed at one year. BZD deprescription was achieved by gradual cessation of doses. A secondary benefit of this program was assessed by comparing the number of falls among residents before and after withdrawal. The number of falls was recorded over a six-month period prior to the onset of withdrawal (T1) and then over a six-month period after reassessment at one year (T2)...
April 6, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630004/characteristics-of-older-adults-who-are-unable-to-perform-a-floor-transfer-considerations-for-clinical-decision-making
#15
Gunay Ardali, Rebecca A States, Lori T Brody, Ellen M Godwin
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The ability to get down and up from the floor or to perform a floor transfer (FT) is a vital and useful skill for older adults at risk of falling. Little is known about the health-related factors that separate older adults who can perform FT independently from those who cannot. Therefore, the specific aims of this cross-sectional study are to (1) describe and compare health-related factors among older adults who were independent, assisted, or dependent in FT performance; and (2) establish the parallel reliability between self-reported and actual performance of FT...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629501/gray-matter-volume-covariance-patterns-associated-with-gait-speed-in-older-adults-a-multi-cohort-mri-study
#16
Helena M Blumen, Lucy L Brown, Christian Habeck, Gilles Allali, Emmeline Ayers, Olivier Beauchet, Michele Callisaya, Richard B Lipton, P S Mathuranath, Thanh G Phan, V G Pradeep Kumar, Velandai Srikanth, Joe Verghese
Accelerated gait decline in aging is associated with many adverse outcomes, including an increased risk for falls, cognitive decline, and dementia. Yet, the brain structures associated with gait speed, and how they relate to specific cognitive domains, are not well-understood. We examined structural brain correlates of gait speed, and how they relate to processing speed, executive function, and episodic memory in three non-demented and community-dwelling older adult cohorts (Overall N = 352), using voxel-based morphometry and multivariate covariance-based statistics...
April 9, 2018: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629019/basins-of-attraction-in-human-balance
#17
Victoria A Smith, Thurmon E Lockhart, Mark L Spano
Falls are a recognized risk factor for unintentional injuries among older adults, accounting for a large proportion of fractures, emergency department visits, and urgent hospitalizations. Human balance and gait research traditionally uses linear or qualitative tests to assess and describe human motion; however, human motion is neither a simple nor a linear process. The objective of this research is to identify and to learn more about what factors affect balance using nonlinear dynamical techniques, such as basin boundaries...
December 2017: European Physical Journal. Special Topics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627750/effect-of-interactive-cognitive-motor-training-on-gait-and-balance-among-older-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Ching-Chiu Kao, Huei-Ling Chiu, Doresses Liu, Pi-Tuan Chan, Ing-Jy Tseng, Ruey Chen, Shu-Fen Niu, Kuei-Ru Chou
BACKGROUND: Aging is a normal degenerative process that results in a decline in the gait and balance performance of older adults. Interactive cognitive motor training is an intervention that integrates cognitive and motor tasks to promote individuals' physical and cognitive fall risk factors. However, the additive effects of the interactive cognitive motor training on objective quantitative data and comprehensive descriptions of gait and balance warrants further investigation. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of interactive cognitive motor training on older adults' gait and balance from immediate to long-term time points...
March 23, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626427/engineering-improved-balance-confidence-among-older-adults-with-complex-health-care-needs-learning-from-the-muscling-up-against-disability-study
#19
Sharon Hetherington, Tim Henwood, Paul Swinton, Justin Keogh, Paul Gardiner, Anthony Tuckett
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the associations of balance confidence with physical and cognitive markers of wellbeing among older adults receiving government-funded aged care services, and whether progressive resistance plus balance training could positively influence change. DESIGN: Intervention study. SETTING: Community-based older-adult-specific exercise clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Older adults (N=245) with complex care needs who were receiving government aged care support...
April 4, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624960/associated-factors-with-sarcopenia-among-mexican-elderly-2012-national-health-and-nutrition-survey
#20
(no author information available yet)
Background: Sarcopenia involves the loss of skeletal muscle mass and age-related functionality; it diminishes physical independence, health and quality of life. In 2016 it was added to the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10). Information about the frequency of sarcopenia among Mexican older adults is scarce. The objective was to analyze associated factors with sarcopenia in Mexican older adults through the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey data. Methods: Cross-sectional study which included subjects of 60 years of age or more with simultaneous information on health and anthropometry questionnaires from the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey...
2018: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
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