keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Falls older adults

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526584/a-simple-algorithm-to-predict-falls-in-primary-care-patients-aged-65-to-74%C3%A2-years-the-international-mobility-in-aging-study
#1
Fernando Gomez, Yan Yan Wu, Mohammad Auais, Afshin Vafaei, Maria-Victoria Zunzunegui
OBJECTIVE: Primary care practitioners need simple algorithms to identify older adults at higher risks of falling. Classification and regression tree (CaRT) analyses are useful tools for identification of clinical predictors of falls. DESIGN: Prospective cohort. SETTING: Community-dwelling older adults at 5 diverse sites: Tirana (Albania), Natal (Brazil), Manizales (Colombia), Kingston (Ontario, Canada), and Saint-Hyacinthe (Quebec, Canada)...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525586/prevalence-and-correlates-of-frailty-among-community-dwelling-chinese-older-adults-the-china-health-and-retirement-longitudinal-study
#2
Chenkai Wu, Ellen Smit, Qian-Li Xue, Michelle C Odden
Background.: Frailty is an age-related clinical syndrome of decreased resilience to stressors and is associated with numerous adverse outcomes. Although there is preponderance of literature on frailty in developed countries, limited investigations have been conducted in less developed regions including China-a country that has the world's largest aging population. We examined frailty prevalence in China by socio-demographics and geographic region, and investigated correlates of frailty...
May 19, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521831/the-sitless-project-exercise-referral-schemes-enhanced-by-self-management-strategies-to-battle-sedentary-behaviour-in-older-adults-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Maria Giné-Garriga, Laura Coll-Planas, Míriam Guerra, Àlex Domingo, Marta Roqué, Paolo Caserotti, Michael Denkinger, Dietrich Rothenbacher, Mark A Tully, Frank Kee, Emma McIntosh, Carme Martín-Borràs, Guillermo R Oviedo, Javier Jerez-Roig, Marta Santiago, Oriol Sansano, Guillermo Varela, Mathias Skjødt, Katharina Wirth, Dhayana Dallmeier, Jochen Klenk, Jason J Wilson, Nicole E Blackburn, Manuela Deidda, Guillaume Lefebvre, Denise González, Antoni Salvà
BACKGROUND: Older adults are the fastest growing segment of the world's population. Recent evidence indicates that excessive sitting time is harmful to health, independent of meeting the recommended moderate to vigorous physical activity (PA) guidelines. The SITLESS project aims to determine whether exercise referral schemes (ERS) can be enhanced by self-management strategies (SMSs) to reduce sedentary behaviour (SB), increase PA and improve health, quality of life and function in the long term, as well as psychosocial outcomes in community-dwelling older European citizens from four countries, within a three-armed pragmatic randomised controlled trial, compared with ERS alone and also with general recommendations about PA...
May 18, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517243/sarcopenia-is-a-risk-factor-for-falling-in-independently-living-japanese-older-adults-a-2-year-prospective-cohort-study-of-the-gaina-study
#4
Hiromi Matsumoto, Chika Tanimura, Shinji Tanishima, Mari Osaki, Hisashi Noma, Hiroshi Hagino
AIM: The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether sarcopenia was associated with future falls in the general Japanese older population. METHODS: This study was a 2-year prospective observational study. Participants were recruited from individuals who had an annual town-sponsored medical check-up and had not received nursing care. The inclusion criteria for participants in our study were: (i) agreement to participate; (ii) living independently; and (iii) the ability to walk to where the survey was carried out and to provide self-reported data...
May 18, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508437/characteristics-and-consequences-of-falls-among-older-adult-trauma-patients-considerations-for-injury-prevention-programs
#5
Tracy Chippendale, Patricia A Gentile, Melissa K James
BACKGROUND/AIM: Health promotion and prevention is an important component of occupational therapy practice. Falls are one of the most common causes of ER visits among older adults and injurious falls requiring trauma care can have a significant impact on the health and quality of life of elders. The aim of this study was to compare characteristics and consequences of falls among older adult trauma patients across different age groups with an eye towards informing injury prevention programs...
May 15, 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507300/minimum-toe-clearance-probing-the-neural-control-of-locomotion
#6
Tim Killeen, Christopher S Easthope, László Demkó, Linard Filli, Lilla Lőrincz, Michael Linnebank, Armin Curt, Björn Zörner, Marc Bolliger
Minimum toe clearance (MTC) occurs during a highly dynamic phase of the gait cycle and is associated with the highest risk of unintentional contact with obstacles or the ground. Age, cognitive function, attention and visual feedback affect foot clearance but how these factors interact to influence MTC control is not fully understood. We measured MTC in 121 healthy individuals aged 20-80 under four treadmill walking conditions; normal walking, lower visual field restriction and two Stroop colour/word naming tasks of two difficulty levels...
May 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505477/knowledge-behavioral-practices-and-experiences-of-outdoor-fallers-implications-for-prevention-programs
#7
Tracy Chippendale, Victoria Raveis
OBJECTIVE: Although the epidemiology and prevention of falls has been well studied, the focus has been on indoor rather than outdoor falls. Older adults' knowledge of outdoor risk factors and their outdoor fall prevention practices have not been examined. To fill this gap, and to inform the development of a prevention program, we sought to explore the experiences and fall prevention knowledge and practices of older adults who had sustained an outdoor fall. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using random digit telephone dialing was used to survey community dwelling seniors (N=120) across the five boroughs of New York City...
May 6, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503199/the-aachen-fall-prevention-app-a-smartphone-application-app-for-the-self-assessment-of-elderly-patients-at-risk-for-ground-level-falls
#8
Peter Rasche, Alexander Mertens, Christina Bröhl, Sabine Theis, Tobias Seinsch, Matthias Wille, Hans-Christoph Pape, Matthias Knobe
BACKGROUND: Fall incidents are a major problem for patients and healthcare. The "Aachen Fall Prevention App" (AFPA) represents the first mobile Health (mHealth) application (app) empowering older patients (persons 50+ years) to self-assess and monitor their individual fall risk. Self-assessment is based on the "Aachen Fall Prevention Scale," which consists of three steps. First, patients answer ten standardized yes-no questions (positive criterion ≥ 5 "Yes" responses). Second, a ten-second test of free standing without compensatory movement is performed (positive criterion: compensatory movement)...
2017: Patient Safety in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493946/functional-decline-in-nursing-home-residents-a-prognostic-study
#9
Javier Jerez-Roig, Lidiane Maria de Brito Macedo Ferreira, José Rodolfo Torres de Araújo, Kenio Costa Lima
AIM: To verify the probability of maintaining functional capacity in basic activities of daily living and identify the prognostic factors of functional decline in institutionalized older adults. METHODS: A longitudinal study is presented herein, with 5 waves every 6 months, throughout 2 years (2013-2015), conducted with individuals ≥60 years old in 10 nursing homes in the city of Natal-RN (Brazil). Functional capacity was assessed by the items 'eating', 'personal hygiene', 'dressing', 'bathing', 'transferring', 'toileting' and 'walking', through a 5-item Likert scale...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490866/nonpharmacological-interventions-to-treat-physical-frailty-and-sarcopenia-in-older-patients-a-systematic-overview-the-senator-project-ontop-series
#10
REVIEW
Isabel Lozano-Montoya, Andrea Correa-Pérez, Iosief Abraha, Roy L Soiza, Antonio Cherubini, Denis O'Mahony, Alfonso J Cruz-Jentoft
BACKGROUND: Physical frailty (PF) and sarcopenia are predictors of negative health outcomes such as falls, disability, hospitalization, and death. Some systematic reviews (SRs) have been published on different nonpharmacological treatments of frailty and sarcopenia using heterogeneous definitions of them. OBJECTIVE: To critically appraise the evidence from SRs of the primary studies on nonpharmacological interventions to treat PF (defined by Fried's frailty phenotype) and sarcopenia (defined by the EWGSOP) in older patients...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489888/a-two-question-tool-to-assess-the-risk-of-repeated-falls-in-the-elderly
#11
Alejandro Rodríguez-Molinero, César Gálvez-Barrón, Leire Narvaiza, Antonio Miñarro, Jorge Ruiz, Esther Valldosera, Natalia Gonzalo, Thalia Ng, María Jesús Sanguino, Antonio Yuste
INTRODUCTION: Older adults' perception of their own risk of fall has never been included into screening tools. The goal of this study was to evaluate the predictive validity of questions on subjects' self-perception of their own risk of fall. METHODS: This prospective study was conducted on a probabilistic sample of 772 Spanish community-dwelling older adults, who were followed-up for a one year period. At a baseline visit, subjects were asked about their recent history of falls (question 1: "Have you fallen in the last 6 months?"), as well as on their perception of their own risk of fall by using two questions (question 2: "Do you think you may fall in the next few months?" possible answers: yes/no; question 3: "What is the probability that you fall in the next few months?" possible answers: low/intermediate/high)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489067/a-study-protocol-for-applying-user-participation-and-co-learning-lessons-learned-from-the-ebalance-project
#12
Anna Cristina Åberg, Kjartan Halvorsen, Ingrid From, Åsa Bergman Bruhn, Lars Oestreicher, Anita Melander-Wikman
The eBalance project is based on the idea that serious exergames-i.e., computer gaming systems with an interface that requires physical exertion to play-that are well adapted to users, can become a substantial part of a solution to recognized problems of insufficient engagement in fall-prevention exercise and the high levels of fall-related injuries among older people. This project is carried out as a collaboration between eight older people who have an interest in balance training and met the inclusion criteria of independence in personal activities of daily living, access to and basic knowledge of a computer, four staff working with the rehabilitation of older adults, and an interdisciplinary group of six research coordinators covering the areas of geriatric care and rehabilitation, as well as information technology and computer science...
May 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486677/the-effects-of-age-and-hearing-loss-on-dual-task-balance-and-listening
#13
Halina Bruce, Daniel Aponte, Nancy St-Onge, Natalie Phillips, Jean-Pierre Gagné, Karen Z H Li
Objectives: Among older adults (OA), hearing loss is associated with an increased risk for falls. The aim of the present study was to experimentally investigate the cognitive compensation hypothesis, wherein decreased auditory and motor functioning are compensated by the recruitment of cognitive resources. Method: Twenty-nine younger adults (YA), 26 OA, and 32 OA with age-related hearing loss (ARHL) completed a dual-task paradigm consisting of cognitive and balance recovery tasks performed singly and concurrently...
May 9, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485643/effects-of-line-dancing-on-physical-function-and-perceived-limitation-in-older-adults-with-self-reported-mobility-limitations
#14
Crystal G Bennett, Madeleine E Hackney
INTRODUCTION: Older adults with mobility limitations are at greater risk for aging-related declines in physical function. Line dancing is a popular form of exercise that can be modified, and is thus feasible for older adults with mobility limitations. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of 8 weeks of line dancing on balance, muscle strength, lower extremity function, endurance, gait speed, and perceived mobility limitations. METHODS: An experimental design randomly assigned older adults to either an 8-week line dancing or usual care group...
February 25, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485621/fear-of-falling-and-activities-of-daily-living-function-mediation-effect-of-dual-task-ability
#15
Paolo R Brustio, Daniele Magistro, Massimiliano Zecca, Monica E Liubicich, Emanuela Rabaglietti
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to explore the association between fear of falling (FOF), dual-task ability during a mobility task, and the activities of daily living (ADL) in a sample of older adults. METHODS: Seventy-six older adults (mean age M = 70.87 ± 5.16 years) participated in the study. Data on FOF (using the Falls Self-Efficacy Scale-International), walking ability during both single- and dual-task performances and ADL were collected. RESULTS: Mediation analysis demonstrated the mediation effect of dual-task ability (β = 0...
May 9, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483009/clinical-and-functional-characteristics-of-nursing-facility-residents-with-opioid-induced-constipation
#16
Carrie Allen, Barbara J Zarowitz, Terrence O'Shea, Catherine Datto, Temitope Olufade
OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to determine the prevalence, clinical characteristics, and treatment differences of opioid-induced constipation (OIC) in older adults with noncancer pain compared with opioid-treated patients without OIC. DESIGN: Retrospective database analysis. SETTING: United States nursing facilities: Patients, Participants, facility residents. INTERVENTIONS: None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Minimum data set and prescription claims, pain, impaired cognition, falls, delirium, and drug treatment...
May 1, 2017: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482340/foot-function-foot-pain-and-falls-in-older-adults-the-framingham-foot-study
#17
Arunima Awale, Thomas J Hagedorn, Alyssa B Dufour, Hylton B Menz, Virginia A Casey, Marian T Hannan
BACKGROUND: Although foot pain has been linked to fall risk, contributions of pain severity, foot posture, or foot function are unclear. These factors were examined in a cohort of older adults. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the associations of foot pain, severity of foot pain, and measures of foot posture and dynamic foot function with reported falls in a large, well-described cohort of older adults from the Framingham Foot Study. METHODS: Foot pain, posture, and function were collected from Framingham Foot Study participants who were queried about falls over the past year (0, 1, and ≥2 falls)...
May 9, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482100/apoe-genotype-and-non-respiratory-sleep-parameters-in-cognitively-intact-older-adults
#18
Adam P Spira, Yang An, Yu Peng, Mark N Wu, Eleanor M Simonsick, Luigi Ferrucci, Susan M Resnick
Study Objectives: The apolipoprotein E (APOE) Ɛ4 allele increases Alzheimer's disease (AD) risk and has been linked to a greater risk of sleep-disordered breathing. We investigated the association of APOE genotype with non-respiratory sleep parameters. Methods: We studied 1,264 cognitively normal participants in the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging (mean = 57.5±16.1 years, range 19.9-92.0, 48.2% women, 19.8% African American) with APOE genotyping and self-reported sleep duration (≥9, 7 or 8, ≤6 hours), difficulty falling/staying asleep, and napping...
May 6, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480623/differences-in-emergency-ambulance-demand-between-older-adults-living-in-residential-aged-care-facilities-and-those-living-in-the-community-in-melbourne-australia
#19
Kate Cantwell, Amee Morgans, Karen Smith, Michael Livingston, Paul Dietze
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical presentation and temporal variation in ambulance service cases involving patients aged 65 years or older (older adults) from residential aged care facilities and those who are community dwelling (CD). METHODS: This study used four years of electronic case records from Ambulance Victoria in Melbourne, Australia. Trigonometric regression was used to analyse demand patterns. RESULTS: Residential aged care facility cases included proportionally more falls and infection-related problems and fewer circulatory-related incidents than CD cases...
May 7, 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478945/arm-reactions-in-response-to-an-unexpected-slip-impact-of-aging
#20
Zachary Merrill, April J Chambers, Rakié Cham
Slips and falls represent a serious public safety concern in older adults, with the segment of the United States population over the age of 65 accounting for about three quarters of all fall related deaths. The majority of falls in older adults are due to trips and slips. The objective of this study was to investigate how age affects arm reactions generated in response to unexpected slips. Thirty-three participants divided into two age groups (16 young, 17 old) participated in this study. Participants were exposed to two conditions: known dry walking (baseline) and an unexpected slip initiated when stepping onto a glycerol-contaminated floor...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
keyword
keyword
29661
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"