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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912764/portela-camino-ja-mart%C3%A3-n-gonz%C3%A3-lez-s-ruiz-alcocer-j-et-al-a-random-dot-computer-video-game-improves-stereopsis-optom-vis-sci-2018-95-523-35
#1
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2018: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911878/influence-of-homogeneity-of-student-characteristics-in-a-group-based-social-competence-intervention
#2
Janine P Stichter, Melissa J Herzog, Emily Malugen, Alexander M Schoemann
Although some literature reviews cited mixed results for group-based social competence interventions in schools, existing descriptions of intervention efficacy often lack attention on important factors that may moderate differential response. Some studies suggest that individual characteristics such as diagnosis (i.e., specific deficit clusters) or behavioral profiles may be important social outcome moderators. Given the interactive nature of group-based interventions, understanding how individual characteristics combine to influence outcomes for the group as a whole is an important next step...
June 18, 2018: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911499/mapping-out-one-s-own-paths-toward-work-focus-on-experiences-of-return-to-work-after-spinal-cord-injury
#3
Lisa Holmlund, Claes Hultling, Eric Asaba
Involving persons with spinal cord injury (SCI) as experts in their lives is important for research to design relevant health care interventions. The purpose of this study was to use photovoice methods to explore experiences of barriers and possibilities in return to work among working adults with SCI. The photovoice group consisted of six persons living with SCI that met weekly over 2 months to share and discuss photos related to return to work. Five themes were identified: (a) there is only one way, (b) welcome back-or not, (c) to be like anyone else-or to be perceived as someone else, (d) friction in the absence of clarity, and (e) finding integrated strategies for everyday life with work...
June 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910710/supplemental-stimulation-improves-swing-phase-kinematics-during-exoskeleton-assisted-gait-of-sci-subjects-with-severe-muscle-spasticity
#4
Andrew Ekelem, Michael Goldfarb
Spasticity is a common comorbidity associated with spinal cord injury (SCI). Robotic exoskeletons have recently emerged to facilitate legged mobility in people with motor complete SCI. Involuntary muscle activity attributed to spasticity, however, can prevent such individuals from using an exoskeleton. Specifically, although most exoskeleton technologies can accommodate low to moderate spasticity, the presence of moderate to severe spasticity can significantly impair gait kinematics when using an exoskeleton...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909686/improved-healing-after-the-co-transplantation-of-ho-1-and-bdnf-overexpressed-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-the-subacute-spinal-cord-injury-of-dogs
#5
Imdad Ullah Khan, Yongseok Yoon, Ahyoung Kim, Kwang Rae Jo, Kyeung Uk Choi, Taeseong Jung, Namyul Kim, YeonSung Son, Wan Hee Kim, Oh-Kyeong Kweon
Abundant expression of proinflammatory cytokines after a spinal cord injury (SCI) creates an inhibitory microenvironment for neuroregeneration. The mesenchymal stem cells help to mitigate the inflammation and improve neural growth and survival. For this purpose, we potentiated the function of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (Ad-MSCs) by transfecting them with brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), through a lentivirus, to produce BDNF overexpressed Ad-MSCs (BDNF-MSCs), and HO-1 overexpressed Ad-MSCs (HO-1-MSCs)...
January 1, 2018: Cell Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908137/personality-high-risk-behaviors-and-elevated-risk-of-unintentional-deaths-related-to-drug-poisoning-among-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury
#6
James S Krause, Yue Cao, Nicole D DiPiro, Emma Cuddy
OBJECTIVE: To identify risk and protective factors for unintentional death related to drug poisoning from prescription medications, including opioid-related deaths, and death due to all other causes among participants with spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Large specialty hospital in the Southeastern United States. PARTICIPANTS: Two cohorts of SCI participants, totaling 3070 adults (>18 years old) with chronic (>1 year) traumatic SCI...
June 13, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907576/effectiveness-of-acupuncture-in-postpartum-depression-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Shanshan Li, Weiqiang Zhong, Wen Peng, Gaofeng Jiang
OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical effectiveness of acupuncture in the treatment of postpartum depression (PPD). METHODS: The following electronic databases were systematically searched: PubMed, Cochrane Library, SCI, Elsevier SDOL, China National Knowledge, Wan Fang database and Chinese Science and Technology Periodical Database. Only randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of acupuncture for PPD were considered. Primary outcomes were the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAMD) or the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) scores and effective rate...
June 15, 2018: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907375/fndc5-expression-in-purkinje-neurons-of-adult-male-rats-with-acute-spinal-cord-injury-following-treatment-with-methylprednisolone
#8
Sajad Hassanzadeh, Seyed Behnamedin Jameie, Mehdi Mehdizadeh, Mansooreh Soleimani, Zeinab Namjoo, Maryam Soleimani
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a serious and complex medical condition that can happen to anyone. At present, therapy mainly focuses on rehabilitation and pharmacological treatment, such as methylprednisolone (MP). Supra-spinal changes in certain structures, such as the cerebellum, that receive many afferents from the spinal cord might be one reason for unsuccessful therapeutic outcomes. Recently, the expression of FNDC5 was reported in cerebellar Purkinje cells as a possible neuroprotective agent. In the present study, we considered the expression of FNDC5 in Purkinje cells following SCI with and without MP administration in adult rats with SCI...
May 7, 2018: Neuropeptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905973/effects-of-teriparatide-and-vibration-on-bone-mass-and-bone-strength-in-people-with-bone-loss-and-spinal-cord-injury-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
W Brent Edwards, Narina Simonian, Ifaz T Haider, Alan S Anschel, David Chen, Keith E Gordon, Elaine K Gregory, Ki H Kim, Ramadevi Parachuri, Karen L Troy, Thomas J Schnitzer
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is associated with marked bone loss and an increased risk of fracture. We randomized 61 individuals with chronic SCI and low bone mass to receive either: teriparatide 20 µg/day plus sham vibration 10 min/day (n = 20), placebo plus vibration 10 min/day (n = 20), or teriparatide 20 µg/day plus vibration 10 min/day (n = 21). Patients were evaluated for 12 months; those who completed were given the opportunity to participate in an open-label extension where all participants (n = 25) received teriparatide 20 µg/day for an additional 12 months and had the optional use of vibration (10 min/day)...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905039/-review-of-the-regeneration-mechanism-of-complete-spinal-cord-injury
#10
Jiayin Li, Xing Li, Zhifeng Xiao, Jianwu Dai
Spinal cord injury (SCI), especially the complete SCI, usually results in complete paralysis below the level of the injury and seriously affects the patient's quality of life. SCI repair is still a worldwide medical problem. In the last twenty years, Professor DAI Jianwu and his team pioneered complete SCI model by removing spinal tissue with varied lengths in rodents, canine, and non-human primates to verify therapeutic effect of different repair strategies. Moreover, they also started the first clinical study of functional collagen scaffold on patients with acute complete SCI on January 16th, 2015...
June 1, 2018: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904952/baicalin-effects-on-rats-with-spinal-cord-injury-by-anti-inflammatory-and-regulating-the-serum-metabolic-disorder
#11
Shufeng Kang, Shizhao Liu, Hongzhu Li, Dapeng Wang, Xiangbei Qi
Baicalin had neuroprotective effects on inhibiting neuronal cell apoptosis induced by spinal cord ischemic injury. This study aimed to explore the protective effects of Baicalin on rats with spinal cord injury (SCI) and its mechanism of action. The recovery of spinal cord nerve function in rats was evaluated by the Basso, Beattie, and Bresnahan (BBB) score and the combine behavioral score (CBS). The expressions of cytokines tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and IL-6 were detected by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904553/investigating-undergraduates-perceptions-of-science-in-courses-taught-using-the-create-strategy
#12
Sally G Hoskins, Alan J Gottesman
Many science educators agree that 21st century students need to develop mature scientific thinking skills. Unsurprisingly, students' and experts' perceptions about the nature of scientific knowledge differ. Moreover, students' naïve and entrenched epistemologies can preclude their development toward "thinking like scientists." Novel teaching approaches that guide students toward more mature perceptions may be needed to support their development of scientific thinking skills. To address such issues, physics educators developed the Colorado Learning Attitudes About Science Survey (CLASS), subsequently adapted for chemistry and biology...
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904397/thymoquinone-reduces-spinal-cord-injury-by-inhibiting-inflammatory-response-oxidative-stress-and-apoptosis-via-ppar-%C3%AE-and-pi3k-akt-pathways
#13
Yinming Chen, Benlong Wang, Hai Zhao
The present study used a mild contusion injury in rat spinal cord to determine that thymoquinone reduces inflammatory response, oxidative stress and apoptosis in a spinal cord injury (SCI) rat model and to demonstrate its possible molecular mechanisms. The rats in the thymoquinone group received 30 mg/kg thymoquinone once daily by intragastric administration from 3 weeks after surgery. Hematoxylin and eosin staining, Basso, Beattie and Bresnahan (BBB) scale and tissue water content detection were used in the present study to analyze the effect of thymoquinone on SCI...
June 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904191/treatment-patterns-of-in-patient-spasticity-medication-use-after-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury-a-prospective-cohort-study
#14
Kaila A Holtz, Elena Szefer, Vanessa K Noonan, Brian K Kwon, Patricia B Mills
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study using the Rick Hansen SCI Registry (RHSCIR) and retrospective medical chart review. OBJECTIVE: To describe treatment patterns of in-patient anti-spasticity medication use following traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) in acute and rehabilitation hospital settings in British Columbia, Canada. SETTING: Quaternary trauma center, rehabilitation center. METHODS: Individuals with traumatic SCI between 2005 and 2014 enrolled in the Vancouver RHSCIR site (N = 917) were eligible for inclusion...
June 14, 2018: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904190/the-childbearing-experience-of-women-with-spinal-cord-injury-in-iran-a-phenomenological-study
#15
Zahra Khazaeipour, Alireza Nikbakht-Nasrabadi, Nooredin Mohammadi, Alireza Salehi-Nejad, Maryam Shabany
STUDY DESIGN: This was a qualitative study conducted using an interpretative phenomenological approach. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the experience of pregnancy and childbirth in women with spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Brain and Spinal Cord Injury Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. METHODS: The data were collected using telecommunication and face-to-face semi-structured interviews with eight women with SCI...
June 14, 2018: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904188/a-mapping-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials-in-the-spinal-cord-injury-research-literature
#16
REVIEW
Amanda McIntyre, Brooke Benton, Shannon Janzen, Jerome Iruthayarajah, Joshua Wiener, Janice J Eng, Robert Teasell
STUDY DESIGN: Mapping Review. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to map out and characterize the quantity and quality of all published spinal cord injury (SCI) randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with respect to number, sample size, and methodological quality between January 1970 and December 2016. SETTING: Not applicable. METHODS: A literature search of multiple research databases was conducted. Studies adhering to the following criteria were included: the research design was an RCT; written in English; participants were >18 years; and the sample was >50% SCI...
June 14, 2018: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902901/-effects-of-emodin-on-oxidative-stress-and-inflammatory-response-in-rats-with-acute-spinal-cord-injury
#17
Huan-Huan Zeng, Ying-Ru Huang, Zi-Jian Li, Yi Wang, Song Zhang
This paper was aimed to investigate the effects of emodin on oxidative stress and inflammatory response in rats with acute spinal cord injury(SCI), and to explore the protective mechanism of emodin on neurons after SCI. Rat SCI models were established using a modified Allen's method. One hundred and ninety five Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divded into sham (group A), model (group B), emodin group of 20 mg·kg⁻¹(group C), emodin group of 40 mg·kg⁻¹(group D), emodin group of 80 mg·kg⁻¹(group E)...
May 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902472/home-based-exercise-enhances-health-related-quality-of-life-in-persons-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Tom E Nightingale, Peter C Rouse, Jean-Philippe Walhin, Dylan Thompson, James L J Bilzon
OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of a home-based exercise intervention on indices of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in persons with spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: This was a randomized controlled trial (HOMEX-SCI; ISRCTN57096451). After baseline laboratory testing and a week of free-living physical activity monitoring, eligible participants were randomly assigned (2:1 allocation ratio) to a home-based moderate-intensity upper-body exercise intervention (INT, n = 13), or a lifestyle maintenance control group (CON, n = 8), for 6 weeks...
June 11, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902393/administration-and-performance-on-the-spinal-cord-injury-medicine-certification-examination-over-a-10-year-period
#19
Sunil Sabharwal, Anthony E Chiodo, Mikaela M Raddatz
CONTEXT/OBJECTIVE: The examination for Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) Medicine subspecialty certification has been administered since 1998, but published information about exam performance or administration is limited. DESIGN: Retrospective review Setting/Participants: We examined de-identified information from the American Board of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (ABPMR) database for characteristics and performance of candidates (n = 566) who completed the SCI Medicine Examination over a 10-year period (2005-2014), during which the exam outline and passing standard remained consistent...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901665/correction-scaffold-free-three-dimensional-cell-culturing-using-magnetic-levitation
#20
Esra Türker, Nida Demirçak, Ahu Arslan-Yildiz
Correction for 'Scaffold-free three-dimensional cell culturing using magnetic levitation' by Esra Türker et al., Biomater. Sci., 2018, DOI: 10.1039/c8bm00122g.
June 14, 2018: Biomaterials Science
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