keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Feline heart

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767451/feline-ureteral-obstructions-part-1-medical-management
#1
REVIEW
D L Clarke
Feline ureteral obstructions are an increasingly recognised and challenging diagnostic and management problem. Many cats with ureteral obstructions are critically ill at the time of diagnosis, especially if there is dysfunction of the contralateral kidney. They may present with varying severities of acute kidney injury, electrolyte disturbances, and may have comorbidities such as heart disease that complicate perioperative and long-term management. Medical management, which may consist of rehydration and restoration of intravascular volume with intravenous fluid therapy, osmotic diuresis, ureteral muscle relaxation, and antimicrobials for infection, is important in feline ureteral obstruction patients...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706095/understanding-feline-emotions-%C3%A2-and-their-role-in-problem-behaviours
#2
Sarah Heath
Practical relevance: Despite its importance, emotional health is a subject that is sadly neglected in the context of companion animals. Understanding emotions is at the heart of veterinary behavioural medicine and is key to preventing, managing and treating reported behavioural problems in domestic cats. Clinical challenges: On a daily basis, veterinary practices are presented with the physical health impact of emotional health and with emotionally motivated behaviours that are undesirable to owners and/or detrimental to the cat...
May 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596445/time-spent-with-cats-is-never-wasted-lessons-learned-from-feline-acromegalic-cardiomyopathy-a-naturally-occurring-animal-model-of-the-human-disease
#3
Kieran Borgeat, Stijn J M Niessen, Lois Wilkie, Norelene Harrington, David B Church, Virginia Luis Fuentes, David J Connolly
BACKGROUND: In humans, acromegaly due to a pituitary somatotrophic adenoma is a recognized cause of increased left ventricular (LV) mass. Acromegalic cardiomyopathy is incompletely understood, and represents a major cause of morbidity and mortality. We describe the clinical, echocardiographic and histopathologic features of naturally occurring feline acromegalic cardiomyopathy, an emerging disease among domestic cats. METHODS: Cats with confirmed hypersomatotropism (IGF-1>1000ng/ml and pituitary mass; n = 67) were prospectively recruited, as were two control groups: diabetics (IGF-1<800ng/ml; n = 24) and healthy cats without known endocrinopathy or cardiovascular disease (n = 16)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536551/surgical-management-of-a-cat-with-hepatic-arterioportal-fistula
#4
A Phillips, E R Kulendra, R Lam, N J Kulendra, D J Brockman
A 9-month-old domestic short-haired cat presented with stunted growth and chronic gastrointestinal signs. Tachypnoea, a heart murmur and cranial abdominal bruit were detected on physical examination. Echocardiography revealed volume overload in all heart chambers. CT angiography identified an abnormal communication between the hepatic arterial circulation and the portal vein, along with multiple acquired shunts. The abnormal vascular communication was surgically ligated. Echocardiography documented improvement in cardiac parameters following surgery and the cat continues to have no clinical signs 39 months after surgery...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399382/epidemiological-review-of-francisella-tularensis-a-case-study-in-the-complications-of-dual-diagnoses
#5
Ralph Anthony Stidham, David B Freeman, Robert L von Tersch, Peter J Sullivan, Samantha D Tostenson
Introduction: Tularemia is a rare but potentially fatal disease that develops in numerous wild and domestic animals, including lagomorphs, rodents, cats, and humans.  Francisella tularensis bacterium, the causative agent of tularemia, was identified by veterinary personnel at Fort Riley, Kansas during a routine post-mortum evaluation of a domestic feline. However, before formal diagnosis was confirmed, the sample was sent and prepared for rabies testing at the Department of Defense (DoD) U...
January 18, 2018: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316134/dosimetric-benefit-of-adaptive-radiotherapy-in-the-neoadjuvant-management-of-canine-and-feline-thymoma-an-exploratory-case-series
#6
C Rohrer Bley, V Meier, U Schneider
While surgery is the treatment of choice for thymomas, complete excision is not possible in a significant proportion of cases. For these patients, radiotherapy can be used as neoadjunctive, post-operative adjunctive or sole therapy. During radiotherapy, rapid biological clearance of tumour cells is often observed, requiring adaptation of the treatment plan. Adaptive radiation therapy (RT) is a dynamic process, whereby the treatment plan is altered throughout the treatment course due to changes in morphologic, functional or positioning changes...
January 8, 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185443/a-feline-hfpef-model-with-pulmonary-hypertension-and-compromised-pulmonary-function
#7
Markus Wallner, Deborah M Eaton, Remus M Berretta, Giulia Borghetti, Jichuan Wu, Sandy T Baker, Eric A Feldsott, Thomas E Sharp, Sadia Mohsin, Mark A Oyama, Dirk von Lewinski, Heiner Post, Marla R Wolfson, Steven R Houser
Heart Failure with preserved Ejection Fraction (HFpEF) represents a major public health problem. The causative mechanisms are multifactorial and there are no effective treatments for HFpEF, partially attributable to the lack of well-established HFpEF animal models. We established a feline HFpEF model induced by slow-progressive pressure overload. Male domestic short hair cats (n = 20), underwent either sham procedures (n = 8) or aortic constriction (n = 12) with a customized pre-shaped band. Pulmonary function, gas exchange, and invasive hemodynamics were measured at 4-months post-banding...
November 29, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143665/cardiopulmonary-and-inflammatory-biomarkers-in-heartworm-disease
#8
REVIEW
Elena Carretón, Rodrigo Morchón, José Alberto Montoya-Alonso
In heartworm disease, several biomarkers of cardiopulmonary injury and inflammatory activity have been studied during the recent years. D-dimer is a fibrin degradation product present after a clot is degraded, which has been reported to provide support for the diagnosis of pulmonary thromboembolism in heartworm disease. Furthermore, concentrations increment with increased disease severity and during the adulticide treatment. This increase in concentration has proved to be valuable. Cardiac biomarkers troponin I, myoglobin and NT-proBNP demonstrated presence of myocardial injury and heart failure, especially in chronic infections, which in some cases, slightly improve after the adulticide treatment...
November 9, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120036/rapid-assessment-with-physical-examination-in-dyspnoeic-cats-the-rapid-cat-study
#9
D Dickson, C J L Little, J Harris, M Rishniw
OBJECTIVES: To determine the underlying disease prevalence in acute feline dyspnoea and to examine whether historical and clinical examination findings can differentiate between acute cardiac and non-cardiac dyspnoea in cats in primary practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively enrolled cats presenting with dyspnoea for the first time to primary practice between June 1, 2011 and October 31, 2016. We collected signalment, historical and clinical data at presentation using a standard form...
February 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111286/role-of-computed-tomography-angiography-in-the-differentiation-of-feline-truncus-arteriosus-communis-from-pulmonary-atresia-with-ventricular-septal-defect
#10
Lauren E Markovic, Brian A Scansen, Brianna M Potter
Two domestic shorthair cats, a 6-month-old castrated male and a 7-month-old intact female, were diagnosed with complex congenital heart disease. Transthoracic echocardiography in both cats revealed a dilated arterial trunk overriding the interventricular septum with a large ventricular septal defect. The pulmonary trunk and branch pulmonary arteries were not visible using standard echocardiographic views in either cat. The differential diagnosis for both cats included truncus arteriosus communis vs. pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect...
December 2017: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology: the Official Journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074428/identification-and-function-analysis-of-canine-stimulator-of-interferon-gene-sting
#11
Yuxiang Zhang, Mengyan Zhu, Gairu Li, Jie Liu, Xiaofeng Zhai, Ruyi Wang, Junyan Zhang, Gang Xing, Jinyan Gu, Liping Yan, Jing Lei, Haifeng Sun, Zhiyu Shi, Fei Liu, Boli Hu, Shuo Su, Jiyong Zhou
Stimulator of interferon gene (STING) plays an important role in the cyclic GMP-AMP synthase (cGAS)-mediated activation of type I IFN responses. In this study, we identified and cloned canine STING gene. Full-length STING encodes a 375 amino acid product that shares the highest similarity with feline STING. Highest levels of mRNA of canine STING were detected in the spleen and lungs while the lowest levels in the heart and muscle. Analysis of its cellular localization showed that STING is localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum...
December 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955476/periaortic-lymphoma-in-a-cat
#12
Laura Bree, Chiara Bergamino, Ronan Mullins, Pamela Kelly, Robert Shiel
CASE SUMMARY: A 14-year-old neutered male Siamese cat was presented with a 3 month history of lethargy, inappetence, dehydration, hindlimb ataxia and intermittent proprioceptive deficits in the hindlimbs. Physical examination revealed low body condition score (1.75/5), pallor and bilateral basilar grade II/VI systolic heart murmur. Neurological examination revealed hindlimb ataxia, severe atrophy of the hindlimb musculature, intermittent hindlimb proprioceptive deficits and normoreflexia...
July 2017: JFMS Open Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948901/evaluation-of-an-intramuscular-butorphanol-and-alfaxalone-protocol-for-feline-blood-donation-a-pilot-study
#13
Marcella C Granfone, Julie M Walker, Lesley J Smith
Objectives The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate the use of an intramuscular (IM) sedation protocol with butorphanol and alfaxalone in cats undergoing blood donation. We hypothesized that this drug combination would provide sufficient sedation to perform phlebotomy without causing hypotension or significant changes in heart rate. Methods Six purpose-bred, healthy adult cats were sedated using IM butorphanol (0.4 mg/kg) and alfaxalone (2-3 mg/kg). Pulse and Doppler blood pressure (BP) were recorded at baseline, after sedation and immediately following phlebotomy...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826266/prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-for-feline-hyperthyroidism-in-south-africa
#14
Joanne L McLean, Remo G Lobetti, Carmel T Mooney, Peter N Thompson, Johan P Schoeman
Objectives Hyperthyroidism is a disorder of older cats that may have a geographical variation in prevalence. Prevalence studies have not yet been performed in South Africa, a geographical area where hyperthyroidism in cats has recently been observed and where, reportedly, the incidence appears to be increasing. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of feline hyperthyroidism in South Africa and to identify any potential risk factors. Further information on the worldwide prevalence and possible causative factors would increase our understanding of the aetiology of this disease and help identify any preventive measures...
October 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804855/human-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-versus-feline-cardiomyopathy-what-can-we-learn-from-both-veterinary-and-human-medicine
#15
REVIEW
Valentine Prat, Bertrand Rozec, Chantal Gauthier, Benjamin Lauzier
Cardiovascular affections are a growing health burden in human populations. Recent advances in cardiology have improved treatments and outcomes for myocardial infarction and arrhythmias, but other conditions still remain poorly understood. To date, the classical approach to study cardiovascular diseases involves rodent models, despite their strong differences with human cardiac physiology. In this context, this review will focus on the common traits between human and feline cardiac diseases, namely heart failure with preserved ejection fraction and feline cardiomyopathies, respectively...
November 2017: Heart Failure Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763158/frequency-and-number-of-b-lines-using-a-regionally-based-lung-ultrasound-examination-in-cats-with-radiographically-normal-lungs-compared-to-cats-with-left-sided-congestive-heart-failure
#16
Gregory R Lisciandro, Robert M Fulton, Geoffrey T Fosgate, Kelly A Mann
OBJECTIVE: To establish a baseline lung ultrasound (LUS) artifact profile using a regionally based protocol in cats without clinical signs of respiratory disease and with radiographically normal lungs compared to a cohort of cats with left-sided congestive heart failure (CHF). DESIGN: Prospective case series. ANIMALS: Forty-nine cats without clinical signs of respiratory disease and with radiographically normal lungs and 7 cats with radiographic evidence of left-sided CHF...
September 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720299/cats-with-diabetes-mellitus-have-diastolic-dysfunction-in-the-absence-of-structural-heart-disease
#17
N J Pereira, J Novo Matos, M Baron Toaldo, U Bartoszuk, N Summerfield, A Riederer, C Reusch, T M Glaus
Diabetes mellitus (DM) can result in cardiovascular dysfunction and heart failure characterized by diastolic dysfunction with or without the presence of systolic dysfunction in people and laboratory animals. The objective of this prospective study was to determine if cats with newly diagnosed DM had myocardial dysfunction and, if present, whether it would progress if appropriate antidiabetic therapy was commenced. Thirty-two diabetic cats were enrolled and received baseline echocardiographic examination; of these, 15 cats were re-examined after 6 months...
July 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647113/feline-congestive-heart-failure-current-diagnosis-and-management
#18
REVIEW
Etienne Côté
Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a well-known disorder in feline practice, having been recognized as the most common clinical syndrome in cats with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, for example. This article identifies the reasons why an accurate diagnosis of CHF is important and the means by which to obtain one; pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic methods for controlling signs of CHF; and recommendations for follow-up evaluations, monitoring, and troubleshooting.
September 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642712/investigations-into-the-sarcomeric-protein-and-ca-2-regulation-abnormalities-underlying-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-in-cats-felix-catus
#19
Andrew E Messer, Jasmine Chan, Alex Daley, O'Neal Copeland, Steven B Marston, David J Connolly
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is the most common single gene inherited cardiomyopathy. In cats ( Felix catus ) HCM is even more prevalent and affects 16% of the outbred population and up to 26% in pedigree breeds such as Maine Coon and Ragdoll. Homozygous MYBPC3 mutations have been identified in these breeds but the mutations in other cats are unknown. At the clinical and physiological level feline HCM is closely analogous to human HCM but little is known about the primary causative mechanism. Most identified HCM causing mutations are in the genes coding for proteins of the sarcomere...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622497/feline-panleukopenia-virus-is-not-associated-with-myocarditis-or-endomyocardial-restrictive-cardiomyopathy-in-cats
#20
Laura McEndaffer, Alex Molesan, Hollis Erb, Kathleen Kelly
Canine parvovirus-2 (CPV-2) is nearly indistinguishable from feline panleukopenia virus (FPV) and is a well-known cause of viral myocarditis in young puppies; however, it is not known whether either FPV or CPV-2 naturally infects feline cardiomyocytes and causes myocarditis. Endomyocarditis (EMC) and left ventricular endomyocardial fibrosis (LVEF), clinically known as "endomyocardial restrictive cardiomyopathy," are important feline heart diseases suspected to have an infectious etiology. A continuum is suggested with EMC representing the acute reaction to an unknown infectious agent and LVEF the chronic manifestation of repair...
July 2017: Veterinary Pathology
keyword
keyword
29644
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"