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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915808/fall-prevention-is-the-stratify-tool-the-right-instrument-in-italian-hospital-inpatient-a-retrospective-observational-study
#1
Greta Castellini, Antonia Demarchi, Monica Lanzoni, Silvana Castaldi
BACKGROUND: Although several risk assessment tools are in use, uncertainties on their accuracy in detecting fall risk already exist. Choosing the most accurate tool for hospital inpatient is still a challenge for the organizations. We aimed to retrospectively assess the appropriateness of a fall risk prevention program with the STRATIFY assessment tool in detecting acute-care inpatient fall risk. METHODS: Number of falls and near falls, occurred from January 2014 to March 2015, was collected through the incident reporting web-system implemented in the hospital's intranet...
September 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905362/transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-tens-for-neuropathic-pain-in-adults
#2
REVIEW
William Gibson, Benedict M Wand, Neil E O'Connell
BACKGROUND: Neuropathic pain, which is due to nerve disease or damage, represents a significant burden on people and society. It can be particularly unpleasant and achieving adequate symptom control can be difficult. Non-pharmacological methods of treatment are often employed by people with neuropathic pain and may include transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS). This review supersedes one Cochrane Review 'Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) for chronic pain' (Nnoaham 2014) and one withdrawn protocol 'Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) for neuropathic pain in adults' (Claydon 2014)...
September 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903861/a-decision-support-system-and-rule-based-algorithm-to-augment-the-human-interpretation-of-the-12-lead-electrocardiogram
#3
Andrew W Cairns, Raymond R Bond, Dewar D Finlay, Daniel Guldenring, Fabio Badilini, Guido Libretti, Aaron J Peace, Stephen J Leslie
BACKGROUND: The 12-lead Electrocardiogram (ECG) has been used to detect cardiac abnormalities in the same format for more than 70years. However, due to the complex nature of 12-lead ECG interpretation, there is a significant cognitive workload required from the interpreter. This complexity in ECG interpretation often leads to errors in diagnosis and subsequent treatment. We have previously reported on the development of an ECG interpretation support system designed to augment the human interpretation process...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901935/partial-pancreatoduodenectomy-versus-duodenum-preserving-pancreatic-head-resection-in-chronic-pancreatitis-the-multicentre-randomised-controlled-double-blind-chropac-trial
#4
Markus K Diener, Felix J Hüttner, Meinhard Kieser, Phillip Knebel, Colette Dörr-Harim, Marius Distler, Robert Grützmann, Uwe A Wittel, Rebekka Schirren, Hans-Michael Hau, Axel Kleespies, Claus-Dieter Heidecke, Ales Tomazic, Christopher M Halloran, Torsten J Wilhelm, Marcus Bahra, Tobias Beckurts, Thomas Börner, Matthias Glanemann, Ulrich Steger, Frank Treitschke, Ludger Staib, Karsten Thelen, Thomas Bruckner, André L Mihaljevic, Jens Werner, Alexis Ulrich, Thilo Hackert, Markus W Büchler
BACKGROUND: There is substantial uncertainty regarding the optimal surgical treatment for chronic pancreatitis. Short-term outcomes have been found to be better after duodenum-preserving pancreatic head resection (DPPHR) than after partial pancreatoduodenectomy. Therefore, we designed the multicentre ChroPac trial to investigate the long-term outcomes of patients with chronic pancreatitis within 24 months after surgery. METHODS: This randomised, controlled, double-blind, parallel-group, superiority trial was done in 18 hospitals across Europe...
September 9, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899932/utility-of-perfusion-imaging-in-acute-stroke-treatment-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Won Hyung A Ryu, Michael B Avery, Navjit Dharampal, Isabel E Allen, Steven W Hetts
BACKGROUND: Variability in imaging protocols and techniques has resulted in a lack of consensus regarding the incorporation of perfusion imaging into stroke triage and treatment. The objective of our study was to evaluate the available scientific evidence regarding the utility of perfusion imaging in determining treatment eligibility in patients with acute stroke and in predicting their clinical outcome. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of the literature using PubMed, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library focusing on themes of medical imaging, stroke, treatment, and outcome (CRD42016037817)...
October 2017: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899846/quality-of-patient-information-websites-about-congenital-heart-defects-mixed-methods-study-of-perspectives-among-individuals-with-experience-of-a-prenatal-diagnosis
#6
Tommy Carlsson, Ulla Melander Marttala, Barbro Wadensten, Gunnar Bergman, Ove Axelsson, Elisabet Mattsson
BACKGROUND: When a heart defect is prenatally diagnosed in the fetus, expectant parents experience a great need for information about various topics. After the diagnosis, the Web is used for supplemental information, and the scarcity of research calls attention to the need to explore patient information websites from the perspectives of the intended consumers. OBJECTIVE: The overarching aim of this study was to explore the quality of Swedish patient information websites about congenital heart defects, from the perspectives of individuals with experience of a prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart defect in the fetus...
September 12, 2017: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899418/the-effect-of-a-national-web-course-help-brain-heart-as-a-supplemental-learning-tool-before-cpr-training-a-cluster-randomised-trial
#7
Anette Nord, Leif Svensson, Andreas Claesson, Johan Herlitz, Håkan Hult, Susanne Kreitz-Sandberg, Lennart Nilsson
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) learning methods is unclear. Our aim was to evaluate whether a web course before CPR training, teaching the importance of recognition of symptoms of stroke and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and a healthy lifestyle, could influence not only theoretical knowledge but also practical CPR skills or willingness to act in a cardiac arrest situation. METHODS: Classes with 13-year-old students were randomised to CPR training only (control) or a web course plus CPR training (intervention)...
September 12, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890275/enhanced-referral-prioritisation-for-acute-adult-dietetic-services-a-randomised-control-trial-to-test-a-web-based-decision-training-tool
#8
Priscilla Harries, Hulya Gokalp, Miranda Davies, Christopher Tomlinson, Mary Hickson
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Dietitians in acute adult services need to prioritise dietetic referrals in order to manage their daily workload and ensure effective treatment of patients. Newly qualified dietitians do not usually receive specific training on prioritisation and could be helped with an evidence-based, effective, decision-training tool that is based on the practice of experienced dietitians. We developed an internationally available web-based decision-training tool designed to improve novice dietitians' ability to make dietetic prioritisation decisions...
August 26, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877316/effectiveness-of-psychological-and-or-educational-interventions-in-the-prevention-of-anxiety-a-systematic-review-meta-analysis-and-meta-regression
#9
Patricia Moreno-Peral, Sonia Conejo-Cerón, Maria Rubio-Valera, Anna Fernández, Desirée Navas-Campaña, Alberto Rodríguez-Morejón, Emma Motrico, Alina Rigabert, Juan de Dios Luna, Carlos Martín-Pérez, Antonina Rodríguez-Bayón, María Isabel Ballesta-Rodríguez, Juan Vicente Luciano, Juan Ángel Bellón
Importance: To our knowledge, no systematic reviews or meta-analyses have been conducted to assess the effectiveness of preventive psychological and/or educational interventions for anxiety in varied populations. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of preventive psychological and/or educational interventions for anxiety in varied population types. Data Sources: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted based on literature searches of MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Web of Science, EMBASE, OpenGrey, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and other sources from inception to March 7, 2017...
September 6, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864053/diaphragm-and-lung-ultrasound-to-predict-weaning-outcome-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Ana M Llamas-Álvarez, Eva M Tenza-Lozano, Jaime Latour-Pérez
BACKGROUND: Deciding the optimal timing for extubation in mechanically ventilated patients can be challenging, and traditional weaning predictor tools are not very accurate. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to assess the accuracy of lung and diaphragm ultrasound for predicting weaning outcomes in critically ill adults. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Scopus, LILACS, Teseo, Tesis Doctorales en Red, and OpenGrey, and we reviewed the bibliographies of relevant studies...
August 29, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863644/note-planetary-gravities-made-simple-sample-test-of-a-mars-rover-wheel
#11
G Viera-López, A Serrano-Muñoz, J Amigó-Vega, O Cruzata, E Altshuler
We introduce an instrument for a wide spectrum of experiments on gravities other than our planet's. It is based on a large Atwood machine where one of the loads is a bucket equipped with a single board computer and different sensors. The computer is able to detect the falling (or rising) and then the stabilization of the effective gravity and to trigger actuators depending on the experiment. Gravities within the range 0.4 g-1.2 g are easily achieved with acceleration noise of the order of 0.01 g. Under Martian gravity, we are able to perform experiments of approximately 1...
August 2017: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854571/effectiveness-of-a-web-based-intervention-to-reduce-alcohol-consumption-among-french-hazardous-drinkers-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Juliette Guillemont, Chloé Cogordan, Bertrand Nalpas, Viêt Nguyen-Thanh, Jean-Baptiste Richard, Pierre Arwidson
This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of a web-based intervention to reduce alcohol consumption among hazardous drinkers. A two-group parallel randomized controlled trial was conducted among adults identified as hazardous drinkers according to the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test. The intervention delivers personalized normative feedback and some general information about alcohol. Participants can review their motivations and fears regarding reducing their alcohol intake, set individual goals and monitor their progress via a consumption diary and other tools...
August 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851679/the-use-of-facebook-in-recruiting-participants-for-health-research-purposes-a-systematic-review
#13
Christopher Whitaker, Sharon Stevelink, Nicola Fear
BACKGROUND: Social media is a popular online tool that allows users to communicate and exchange information. It allows digital content such as pictures, videos and websites to be shared, discussed, republished and endorsed by its users, their friends and businesses. Adverts can be posted and promoted to specific target audiences by demographics such as region, age or gender. Recruiting for health research is complex with strict requirement criteria imposed on the participants. Traditional research recruitment relies on flyers, newspaper adverts, radio and television broadcasts, letters, emails, website listings, and word of mouth...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842389/usability-of-a-culturally-informed-mhealth-intervention-for-symptoms-of-anxiety-and-depression-feedback-from-young-sexual-minority-men
#14
John B Fleming, Yvette N Hill, Michelle Nicole Burns
BACKGROUND: To date, we are aware of no interventions for anxiety and depression developed as mobile phone apps and tailored to young sexual minority men, a group especially at risk of anxiety and depression. We developed TODAY!, a culturally informed mobile phone intervention for young men who are attracted to men and who have clinically significant symptoms of anxiety or depression. The core of the intervention consists of daily psychoeducation informed by transdiagnostic cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and a set of tools to facilitate putting these concepts into action, with regular mood ratings that result in tailored feedback (eg, tips for current distress and visualizations of mood by context)...
August 25, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837067/ionchanpred-2-0-a-tool-to-predict-ion-channels-and-their-types
#15
Ya-Wei Zhao, Zhen-Dong Su, Wuritu Yang, Hao Lin, Wei Chen, Hua Tang
Ion channels (IC) are ion-permeable protein pores located in the lipid membranes of all cells. Different ion channels have unique functions in different biological processes. Due to the rapid development of high-throughput mass spectrometry, proteomic data are rapidly accumulating and provide us an opportunity to systematically investigate and predict ion channels and their types. In this paper, we constructed a support vector machine (SVM)-based model to quickly predict ion channels and their types. By considering the residue sequence information and their physicochemical properties, a novel feature-extracted method which combined dipeptide composition with the physicochemical correlation between two residues was employed...
August 24, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836317/ccbuilder-2-0-powerful-and-accessible-coiled-coil-modeling
#16
Christopher W Wood, Derek N Woolfson
The increased availability of user-friendly and accessible computational tools for biomolecular modeling would expand the reach and application of biomolecular engineering and design. For protein modeling, one key challenge is to reduce the complexities of 3D protein folds to sets of parametric equations that nonetheless capture the salient features of these structures accurately. At present, this is possible for a subset of proteins, namely repeat proteins. The α-helical coiled coil provides one such example, which represents ≈ 3 - 5% of all known protein-encoding regions of DNA...
August 24, 2017: Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835514/salvage-therapy-in-advanced-adult-soft-tissue-sarcoma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-trials
#17
REVIEW
Alessandro Comandone, Fausto Petrelli, Antonella Boglione, Sandro Barni
BACKGROUND: Prognosis for patients with metastatic soft tissue sarcomas (STS) is dismal, with median overall survival (OS) of 8-12 months. The role of second-line therapy has been inconsistently investigated over the last 20 years. This systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to assess the efficacy of salvage treatment in pretreated adult type STS, gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) excluded. MATERIAL AND METHODS: PubMed, Web of Science, SCOPUS, EMBASE, CINAHL, and The Cochrane Library were searched for randomized phase II/phase III trials exploring second- or beyond therapy lines in pretreated metastatic STS...
August 23, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830852/web-based-physician-ratings-for-california-physicians-on-probation
#18
Gregory P Murphy, Mohannad A Awad, E Charles Osterberg, Thomas W Gaither, Thanabhudee Chumnarnsongkhroh, Samuel L Washington, Benjamin N Breyer
BACKGROUND:  Web-based physician ratings systems are a popular tool to help patients evaluate physicians. Websites help patients find information regarding physician licensure, office hours, and disciplinary records along with ratings and reviews. Whether higher patient ratings are associated with higher quality of care is unclear. OBJECTIVE:  The aim of this study was to characterize the impact of physician probation on consumer ratings by comparing website ratings between doctors on probation against matched controls...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826428/what-makes-a-tweet-fly-analysis-of-twitter-messaging-at-four-infection-control-conferences
#19
Brett G Mitchell, Philip L Russo, Jonathan A Otter, Martin A Kiernan, Landon Aveling
OBJECTIVE To examine tweeting activity, networks, and common topics mentioned on Twitter at 4 international infection control and infectious disease conferences. DESIGN A cross-sectional study. METHODS An independent company was commissioned to undertake a Twitter 'trawl' each month between July 1, 2016, and November 31, 2016. The trawl identified any tweets that contained the official hashtags of the conferences for (1) the UK Infection Prevention Society, (2) IDWeek 2016, (3) the Federation of Infectious Society/Hospital Infection Society, and (4) the Australasian College for Infection Prevention and Control...
August 22, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822956/a-novel-web-support-intervention-to-promote-recovery-following-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Pazit Levinger, Karen Hallam, Darren Fraser, Rebecca Pile, Clare Ardern, Brett Moreira, Simon Talbot
BACKGROUND: Self-efficacy is positively associated with adherence behaviours and rehabilitation outcomes following Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) reconstruction. An internet resource can be an effective way to provide information, goal setting, patient monitoring and hence support overall self-management. PURPOSE: This study examined the feasibility of a three month 'internet-based intervention' (mobile-oriented site) to enhance recovery for patients following ACL reconstruction...
June 8, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
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