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Abhinith Shashidhar, Amey R Savardekar, Ravindranadh C Mundlamuri, M Netravathi, A Nalini, Yasha T Chickabasaviah, A Arivazhagan, Malla Bhaskar Rao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Neurology India
Sharad Rajpal, Colson Tomberlin, Andrew Bauer, Robert C Forsythe, Sigita Burneikiene
BACKGROUND: The variety of diagnostic characteristics associated with neurocysticercosis have been well studied, however, its potential to be implicated in other differential diagnosis has not been well demonstrated. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report the case of a 55-year-old Hispanic man who underwent a Chiari decompression surgery, which was complicated with hydrocephalus. Despite a ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt placement, he continued to have headaches and was soon found to have several skull base subarachnoid lesions, which were later diagnosed as the sequelae of an active neurocysticercosis infection...
March 12, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Chiara Trevisan, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Nicolas Praet, Alberto Pondja, Yunus Amade Assane, Pierre Dorny, Stig Milan Thamsborg, Pascal Magnussen, Maria Vang Johansen
BACKGROUND: The zoonotic parasite Taenia solium is endemic in Angónia district, Tete province, Mozambique, though the burden of the disease complex is unknown. METHODS: As part of two cross-sectional studies on human and porcine cysticercosis in the area, unique epidemiological and cost data were collected in Angónia district, Mozambique in 2007. These data provided the basis for the assessment of the societal cost of T. solium in the district, which estimates the impact of the disease on human and pig populations and includes both health and economic approaches in the analysis...
March 13, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
Indar K Sharawat, Hansashree Padmanabha, Renu Suthar, Sameer Vyas, Naveen Sankhyan
Neurocysticercosis is a common parasitic infection in children in developing countries and neurological symptoms such as seizures are the most common manifestations. However, symptoms of encephalopathy are an unusual presentation in children. A 4-year-old boy presented with recurrent episodes of febrile encephalopathy. His magnetic resonance imaging of the brain was suggestive of milliary neurocysticercosis of various stages. Reports on recurrent encephalopathy following neurocysticercosis are scarce in literature...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Arturo Carpio, Agnès Fleury, Matthew L Romo, Ronaldo Abraham
Neurocysticercosis (NC) is a neglected disease that contributes substantially to neurological morbidity/mortality in lower-income countries and increasingly among high-income countries due to migration. Many advances have been made in understanding NC, but unanswered questions remain Areas covered: This review discusses the epidemiology, pathophysiology, immunology, diagnosis, treatment, and eradication of NC. Expert commentary: The global NC prevalence remains unknown and needs proper ascertainment. Further understanding of the pathophysiology of extraparenchymally located cysts is needed to improve management...
March 14, 2018: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
Ping Liu, Xing Weng, Jiajia Zhou, Xiaolin Xu, Fangping He, Yue Du, Honglong Wu, Yanping Gong, Guoping Peng
BACKGROUND: Accurate and early diagnosis of neurocysticercosis (NCC) remains a challenge due to the heterogeneity of its clinical, immunological and imaging characteristics. The presence of cysticercus DNA in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of NCC patients has been previously detected via conventional PCR assays. To the best of our knowledge, the use of CSF Next-Generation Sequencing (NGS) based pathogen analysis in patients with NCC infection has never been reported. CASE PRESENTATION: This study reports the clinical, imaging, and immunological features of a patient initially presenting with several months of headache who further developed a pure sensory stroke...
March 6, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
Praful Suresh Maste, Yadhu Kasetti Lokanath, Shambhulingappa Shrishilappa Mahantshetti, S Soumya
A number of parasitic infections can involve the central nervous system of which neurocysticercosis (NCC) is the most common one in developing countries. Most often the brain is involved, spine and spinal cord involvement is very rare and intramedullary involvement is rarer still. Here, we report a 30-year-old male patient, with intramedullary NCC of dorsal spinal cord.
January 2018: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
María D Flores, Luis M Gonzalez, Carolina Hurtado, Yamileth Monje Motta, Cristina Domínguez-Hidalgo, Francisco Jesús Merino, María J Perteguer, Teresa Gárate
BACKGROUND: Taenia solium, T. asiatica and T. saginata tapeworms cause human taeniasis and are the origin of porcine and bovine cysticercosis. Furthermore, T. solium eggs can cause human cysticercosis, with neurocysticercosis being the most serious form of the disease. These helminth infections are neglected tropical diseases and are endemic in several countries in the Americas, Asia and Africa. As a result of globalization, migration in particular, the infections have been extending to non-endemic territories...
February 27, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
A Clinton White, Christina M Coyle, Vedantam Rajshekhar, Gagandeep Singh, W Allen Hauser, Aaron Mohanty, Hector H Garcia, Theodore E Nash
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 22, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Chen Chuang, Chen Xing-Wang, Deng Jian-Zhong, Li Tiao-Ying
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the ELISA kit for detection of IgG antibodies against Taenia solium cysticercus in humans, so as to provide a reference for its application in clinical practice. METHODS: The sera collected from the patients with neurocysticercosis, echinococcosis, taeniasis and healthy people, respectively, were checked by ELISA for specific IgG antibodies against T. solium cysticercus, as described in the instruction of the kit. RESULTS: Of the 30 patients with neurocysticercosis at active stage, 28 showed seropositive reaction, indicating a sensitivity of 93...
March 13, 2017: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
Mohammad Kaif, Mazhar Husain, Bal Krishna Ojha
Objective Restoration of CSF flow and removal of Intraventricular Cystecercal Cyst is the main goal in treatment Hydrocephalus due Intraventricular Neurocysticercosis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the technique and outcome of Endoscopic management of Intraventricular Neurocysticercosis. Methods We retrospectively analysed the records of 30 consecutive patients of Intraventricular Intra third and fourth ventricle Neurocysticercosiswho underwent endoscopic management.The clinical profile of the patient were evaluated which included age, symptoms and signs...
January 22, 2018: Turkish Neurosurgery
Kaliny Xavier da Guarda, Julia Maria Costa Cruz, Ivanildes Solange da Costa Barcelos
The Taenia solium cysticercosis affects millions of people worldwide and is considered a public health problem, especially in developing countries. The diagnosis of neurocysticercosis (NCC) is complex and involves the analysis of epidemiological, clinical, neuroimaging, and immunological host data. NCC is endemic in Brazil, and is related to the cause of death mainly in the Southeast, South, and Central-West regions. The objective of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of cysticercosis in inhabitants of the city of Jataí, Goiás, in the Central-West region of Brazil from April to August 2012...
February 9, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
Laura Illade, Blanca Molina Angulo, Ines Solís, Miguel Ángel Diaz, Marta Gonzalez-Vicent
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 12, 2018: Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
S Dolomatov, T Sataieva, G Pazovsky, W Zukow
Nowadays the number of patients diagnosed with helminthiases shows tendency for steady growth around the world. During last few years, researches in the field of immunology have again turned their attention towards the question of parasitological immunity and tissue response. Helminthiases and other parasitic diseases in some instances can induce central nervous system disorders and violate human behavioral reactions. Studies have suggested an association between epilepsy and helminth infection, but a causal relationship is not established in many helminths, except perhaps with neurocysticercosis...
March 2017: Parazitologiia
Shelvin Kumar Vadi, Rajender Kumar, Harmandeep Singh, Shrawan Kumar Singh, Bhagwant Rai Mittal
Ga-prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) ligand is a well-known tracer used in prostate cancer. Nevertheless, there are reports of unusual Ga-PSMA uptake in variety of benign lesions. We report a case of prostate cancer in which Ga-PSMA PET/CT revealed tracer avidity in the enhancing walls of cystic lesions in the brain consistent with the features of neurocysticercosis. The uptake of Ga-PSMA in neurocysticercosis is not known and may be attributed to angiogenesis occurring at the periphery of these lesions...
April 2018: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
Amarnath Chellathurai, Priya Muthaiyan, Sathyan Gnanasigamani, Periakarupan Alakappan
Background and Purpose: Conventional MR does not always differentiate various cystic lesions of brain. Our purpose was to explore the utility of DTI in characterization & differentiation of intra cranial cystic mass lesions. Materials and Methods: DTI was done with a clinical 1.5 Tesla system in 62 patients presenting with intra cranial cystic lesions. Parameter maps of the DTI metrics MD, FA, GA, RA, Geometric tensors (CL,CP,CS) were calculated & quantified using regions of interest...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
Alok Kumar Singh, Ravindra Kumar Garg, Rakesh Kumar Gupta, Hardeep Singh Malhotra, Gaurav Raj Agrawal, Nuzhat Husain, Chandra Mani Pandey, Prativa Sahoo, Neeraj Kumar
BACKGROUND: The factors responsible for seizure recurrence in patients with Solitary calcified neurocysticercosis (NCC) are not well understood. Blood brain barrier (BBB) breach may be associated with seizure recurrence. Dynamic contrast enhanced (DCE) MRI derived indices kep, ktrans and ve are useful in quantifying BBB permeability. In this study, we assessed the possible role of DCE-MRI and matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-9 levels in predicting seizure recurrence. METHODS: In this prospective-observational study, patients with new-onset seizures and a solitary calcified NCC were included...
January 27, 2018: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Krishnan Mugundhan, N Balamurugan, P Chandrasekar, S Sivakumar, M C Vasif Mayan, P D Nidhin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Türkan Aydın Teke, Ayşe Kaman, Zeynep Gökçe Gayretli Aydın, Sema Apaydın, Çiğdem Genç Sel, Erkut Baha Bulduk, Saliha Kanık Yüksek, Kader Karlı Oğuz, Gönül Tanır
Neurocysticercosis is a parasitic infection of the central nervous system caused by the larval stage of Taenia solium. Although this zoonotic infection is one of the major public health problems in some developing countries, it is extremely rare in Turkey. In this article, we present the case of a pediatric patient with neurocysticercosis who was misdiagnosed with brain abscess because of focal seizures in another hospital.
December 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
Alfonso J Rodríguez-Morales, María Camila Yepes-Echeverri, Wilmer F Acevedo-Mendoza, Hamilton A Marín-Rincón, Carlos Culquichicón, Esteban Parra-Valencia, Jaime A Cardona-Ospina, Ana Flisser
BACKGROUND: In Colombia, taeniasis and cysticercosis have been significantly reduced over the past decades, however still reported with implications for public health and travel medicine. METHODS: An observational, retrospective study, in which the incidence of taeniasis and cysticercosis (ICD-10 codes B68s/B69s) in Colombia, 2009-2013, was estimated based on data extracted from the Individual Health Records System (Registro Individual de Prestación de Servicios, RIPS) was performed...
December 27, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
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