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Neurocysticercosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077750/the-association-between-neurocysticercosis-and-hippocampal-atrophy-is-related-to-age
#1
Oscar H Del Brutto, Naoum P Issa, Perla Salgado, Victor J Del Brutto, Mauricio Zambrano, Julio Lama, Héctor H García
Neurocysticercosis (NCC) has been associated with hippocampal atrophy, but the prevalence and pathogenic mechanisms implicated in this relationship are unknown. Using a population-based, case-control study design, residents in a rural village (Atahualpa) aged ≥ 40 years with calcified NCC were identified as cases and paired to NCC-free individuals (control subjects) matched by age, sex, and level of education. Cases and control subjects underwent magnetic resonance imaging for hippocampal rating according to the Scheltens' scale for medial temporal atrophy and were interviewed to identify those with a clinical seizure disorder...
January 11, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077749/survey-of-obstetrician-gynecologists-in-the-united-states-about-taeniasis-and-cysticercosis
#2
Rebecca L Hall, Britta Anderson, Jay Schulkin, Paul T Cantey, Susan P Montgomery, Jeffrey L Jones
An estimated 50 million persons worldwide are infected with cysticerci, the larval forms of the Taenia solium tapeworm. Neurocysticercosis can cause seizures, epilepsy, and hydrocephalus, and fatal cases have been reported in the United States in immigrants and in travelers returning from endemic countries. Pregnant women with symptomatic neurocysticercosis present treatment challenges, whereas those with the adult tapeworm infection (i.e., taeniasis) can put their infants and other family members, as well as obstetrician-gynecologists and their staff, at risk for cysticercosis...
January 11, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060040/long-term-clinical-and-radiologic-outcome-of-500-children-with-parenchymal-neurocysticercosis
#3
Pratibha Singhi, Renu Suthar, Brijendra Deo, Prabhjot Malhi, N K Khandelwal
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to study long-term clinical and radiologic outcome of children with parenchymal neurocysticercosis (NCC) and its predictors. METHOD: 500 children with NCC registered in the pediatric NCC Clinic between January 1996 and December 2002 and followed to December 2009 were enrolled. Demographic details, clinical presentations and therapy received were recorded. Outcome was evaluated in terms of seizure recurrence and resolution of lesions on neuroimaging...
January 3, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053392/isolated-intramuscular-cysticercosis-clinicopathological-features-diagnosis-and-management-a-review
#4
REVIEW
Durgashankar Meena, Mayank Gupta, Vijay Kumar Jain, Rajendra Kumar Arya
Cysticercosis is an emerging parasitic disease affecting worldwide population. There is large volume of data present in the literature for neurocysticercosis. The isolated intramuscular involvement of cysticercosis is uncommon and there are only sporadic case reports available. There is no review available in the literature which gives in detail clinicoradiological features and management of isolated intramuscular cysticercosis. Knowledge about such a presentation is important especially in developing countries and to differentiate the condition from a variety of other similar conditions...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033226/mobile-subretinal-cysticercus-imaged-by-spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography-with-motion-tracker
#5
Ravi Bypareddy, Brijesh Takkar, Rohan Chawla, Neha Sachdeva, Shorya V Azad, Koushik Tripathy
PURPOSE: To report optical coherence tomography-based videoimaging of alive subretinal cysticercus along with its mobile scolex. METHODS: Spectral-domain optical coherence tomography was used to record high-definition videoimages, using the inbuilt motion tracker, in a 12-year-old boy with history of neurocysticercosis. RESULT: The scolex was found to be sensitive to light, and contractile movements were seen in the cyst wall and the germinative layers...
December 28, 2016: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025397/lingual-epilepsia-partialis-continua-in-neurocysticercosis
#6
Sachin Sureshbabu, Dinesh Nayak, Gaurav Mittal, Sudhir Peter, Chindripu Sobhana, Vikash Aggarwal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 3, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017213/revised-diagnostic-criteria-for-neurocysticercosis
#7
REVIEW
O H Del Brutto, T E Nash, A C White, V Rajshekhar, P P Wilkins, G Singh, C M Vasquez, P Salgado, R H Gilman, H H Garcia
BACKGROUND: A unified set of criteria for neurocysticercosis (NCC) has helped to standardize its diagnosis in different settings. METHODS: Cysticercosis experts were convened to update current diagnostic criteria for NCC according to two principles: neuroimaging studies are essential for diagnosis, and all other information provides indirect evidence favoring the diagnosis. Recent diagnostic advances were incorporated to this revised set. RESULTS: This revised set is structured in absolute, neuroimaging and clinical/exposure criteria...
January 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013026/nonsubsampled-rotated-complex-wavelet-transform-nsrcxwt-for-medical-image-fusion-related-to-clinical-aspects-in-neurocysticercosis
#8
Satishkumar S Chavan, Abhishek Mahajan, Sanjay N Talbar, Subhash Desai, Meenakshi Thakur, Anil D'cruz
Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is a parasite infection caused by the tapeworm Taenia solium in its larvae stage which affects the central nervous system of the human body (a definite host). It results in the formation of multiple lesions in the brain at different locations during its various stages. During diagnosis of such symptomatic patients, these lesions can be better visualized using a feature based fusion of Computed Tomography (CT) and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). This paper presents a novel approach to Multimodality Medical Image Fusion (MMIF) used for the analysis of the lesions for the diagnostic purpose and post treatment review of NCC...
December 18, 2016: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012796/antigenic-fractions-from-taenia-crassiceps-metacestodes-obtained-by-hydrophobicity-for-the-immunodiagnosis-of-active-and-inactive-forms-of-neurocysticercosis-in-human-cerebrospinal-fluid-samples
#9
Gabriela B da Silva, Daniela S Nunes, José Eduardo N de Sousa, Maria do R F Gonçalves-Pires, Marcelo A Levenhagen, Julia M Costa-Cruz
This study aimed to evaluate the total extract of Taenia crassiceps metacestodes (TC) and its antigenic fractions obtained by Triton X-114 fractionation techniques, such as detergent (DC) and aqueous (AC), in the immunodiagnosis of human neurocysticercosis (NCC). Cerebrospinal fluid samples were divided into two groups: Group 1 (n=40), which was further divided into active (n=20) and inactive (n=20) NCC, and Group 2 (control group), which comprised 39 CSF samples from patients who had another neurological disorder, were suffering from other infectious diseases of the brain or had other parasitic infections...
December 21, 2016: Parasitology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992429/high-prevalence-of-asymptomatic-neurocysticercosis-in-an-endemic-rural-community-in-peru
#10
Luz M Moyano, Seth E O'Neal, Viterbo Ayvar, Guillermo Gonzalvez, Ricardo Gamboa, Percy Vilchez, Silvia Rodriguez, Joe Reistetter, Victor C W Tsang, Robert H Gilman, Armando E Gonzalez, Hector H Garcia
BACKGROUND: Neurocysticercosis is a common helminthic infection of the central nervous system and an important cause of adult-onset epilepsy in endemic countries. However, few studies have examined associations between neurologic symptoms, serology and radiographic findings on a community-level. METHODOLOGY: We conducted a population-based study of resident's ≥2 years old in a highly endemic village in Peru (pop. 454). We applied a 14 -question neurologic screening tool and evaluated serum for antibodies against Taenia solium cysticercosis using enzyme-linked immunoelectrotransfer blot (LLGP-EITB)...
December 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992011/muscular-cysticercosis-case-report-and-imaging-findings
#11
Neide Regina Simões Olmo, Ulysses Ferreira Fiorio, Eder Amaral Bastos, Marcel Andreazza Clemente, Gustavo Gomes Mendes
Cysticercosis is a parasitic disease caused by a worm of the Cestoda class. The most prevalent form affects the nervous system. This case report is from a 78-year-old female patient evaluated at Clínica Mult Imagem, in the city of Santos, Brazil, who presented a form of the disease that differed from the classic neurocysticercosis, in this case muscular cysticercosis. This and other forms of manifestation justify further studies to ensure adequate recognition, diagnosis and treatment of this parasitic disease...
November 2016: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986419/epilepsy-in-the-tropics-emerging-etiologies
#12
Jaime Carrizosa Moog, Angelina Kakooza-Mwesige, Chong Tin Tan
Epilepsy is considered by the World Health Organization a public health priority with more than 50 million human beings affected by the disease. More than 80% of persons with epilepsy live in low and middle income countries and most of them in tropical areas. Several emerging, re-emerging and neglected diseases are symptomatic etiologies that jointly contribute to the enormous global burden of epilepsy. Besides the clinical strengths to reduce diagnostic and treatment gaps, other strategies in social, economic, cultural, educational and health policies are needed to prevent and treat appropriately vulnerable and affected persons with epilepsy...
December 6, 2016: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983954/a-lateral-flow-assay-lfa-for-the-rapid-detection-of-extraparenchymal-neurocysticercosis-using-cerebrospinal-fluid
#13
Agnes Fleury, Patricia Sastre, Edda Sciutto, Silvia Correia, Alejandro Monedero, Andrea Toledo, Maricela Hernandez, Leslie J S Harrison, R Michael E Parkhouse
A lateral flow assay (LFA) for the diagnosis and monitoring of extraparenchymal neurocysticercosis, has been developed. The assay is based on the use of the monoclonal antibody HP10, and when applied to cerebrospinal fluid, correctly identified 34 cases of active extraparenchymal neurocysticercosis, but was negative with 26 samples from treated and cured neurocysticercosis patients and with 20 samples from unrelated neurological diseases. There was complete agreement between the HP10 Ag-ELISA results and the HP10-LFA...
October 27, 2016: Experimental Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928090/the-lack-of-association-of-eosinophilia-and-neurocysticercosis-at-clinical-presentation-a-retrospective-analysis-of-cases-seen-at-the-national-institutes-of-health-1985-2015
#14
JeanAnne M Ware, Theodore E Nash
Eosinophilia is a common laboratory finding in helminth infections but whether it is suggestive of neurocysticercosis (NCC) is controversial and inadequately studied. We determined the presence of eosinophilia (≥ 500 eosinophils/mm(3)) at clinical presentation in 72 patients with a proven or probable diagnosis of NCC and who had not received corticosteroids within 2 weeks of evaluation and complete blood count. Only two persons whose last possible endemic exposures to NCC were 7 and 6 years earlier had eosinophilia of 500 eosinophils/mm(3) and both had a positive antibody serology to strongyloidiasis...
December 7, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923695/-migraine-and-neurocysticercosis-causality-or-casualty
#15
M J Garea García-Malvar, Y González Silva, M Domínguez-Gil González, O F Martínez Medina
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 3, 2016: Semergen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920400/neurocysticercosis-diagnostic-dilemma
#16
J Hm Cheng, E Mw Man, S Y Luk, W Wc Wong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913109/protein-profiles-of-taenia-solium-cysts-obtained-from-skeletal-muscles-and-the-central-nervous-system-of-pigs-search-for-tissue-specific-proteins
#17
José Navarrete-Perea, Bárbara Moguel, Raúl José Bobes, Nelly Villalobos, Julio César Carrero, Edda Sciutto, Xavier Soberón, Juan Pedro Laclette
Taeniasis/cysticercosis caused by the tapeworm Taenia solium is a parasite disease transmitted among humans and pigs, the main intermediate host. The larvae/cysts can lodge in several tissues of the pig, i.e. skeletal muscles and different locations of the central nervous system. The molecular mechanisms associated to tissue preferences of the cysts remain poorly understood. The major public health concern about this zoonosis is due to the human infections by the larval form in the central nervous system, causing a highly pleomorphic and debilitating disease known as neurocysticercosis...
November 29, 2016: Experimental Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903304/association-between-taenia-solium-infection-and-hiv-aids-in-northern-tanzania-a-matched-cross-sectional-study
#18
Veronika Schmidt, Christian Kositz, Karl-Heinz Herbinger, Hélène Carabin, Bernard Ngowi, Ezra Naman, Patricia P Wilkins, John Noh, William Matuja, Andrea Sylvia Winkler
BACKGROUND: The frequency of Taenia solium, a zoonotic helminth, is increasing in many countries of sub-Saharan Africa, where the prevalence of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is also high. However, little is known about how these two infections interact. The aim of this study was to compare the proportion of HIV positive (+) and negative (-) individuals who are infected with Taenia solium (TSOL) and who present with clinical and neurological manifestations of cysticercosis (CC)...
December 1, 2016: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891042/spinal-cysticercosis-a-report-of-two-cases-with-review-of-literature
#19
Ishita Pant, Sujata Chaturvedi, Gurbachan Singh, Sanjeev Gupta, Rima Kumari
Neurocysticercosis is the most common parasitic infection of the central nervous system worldwide. However, Cysticercosis affecting the spine is considered extremely rare. We report two cases of spinal cysticercosis with review of literature.
October 2016: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887696/reprint-of-neurocysticercosis-related-mortality-in-brazil-2000-2011-epidemiology-of-a-neglected-neurologic-cause-of-death
#20
Francisco Rogerlândio Martins-Melo, Alberto Novaes Ramos, Marta Guimarães Cavalcanti, Carlos Henrique Alencar, Jorg Heukelbach
Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is an important cause of severe neurological disease mainly in low- and middle-income countries, but data on NCC mortality from endemic areas are scarce. Here we analysed the epidemiological patterns of NCC-related mortality in Brazil. We included all deaths recorded in Brazil between 2000 and 2011, in which NCC was mentioned on death certificates, either as underlying or as associated cause of death. NCC was identified in 1829/12,491,280 deaths (0.015%), 1130 (61.8%) as underlying cause, and 699 (38...
January 2017: Acta Tropica
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