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Neurocysticercosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761125/inflammation-is-a-key-risk-factor-for-persistent-seizures-in-neurocysticercosis
#1
Jesica A Herrick, Biswajit Maharathi, Jin Suh Kim, Gerardo G Abundis, Anjali Garg, Isidro Gonzales, Herbert Saavedra, Javier A Bustos, Hector H Garcia, Jeffrey A Loeb
Objective: We conducted a retrospective, case-control study of neurocysticercosis patients to ascertain early markers that identify subjects likely to develop treatment-resistant seizures. Methods: Clinical histories and imaging studies from 38 neurocysticercosis patients who had been followed for 18 months after treatment were evaluated. Both pairwise and multifactorial analyses were conducted to identify factors associated with continued seizures. Results: Eleven of 38 patients continued to have seizures during the follow-up period...
May 2018: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738570/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-taenia-solium-cysticercosis-in-school-aged-children-a-school-based-study-in-western-sichuan-people-s-republic-of-china
#2
John J Openshaw, Alexis Medina, Stephen A Felt, Tiaoying Li, Zhou Huan, Scott Rozelle, Stephen P Luby
BACKGROUND: Taenia solium cysticercosis affects millions of impoverished people worldwide and can cause neurocysticercosis, an infection of the central nervous system which is potentially fatal. Children may represent an especially vulnerable population to neurocysticercosis, due to the risk of cognitive impairment during formative school years. While previous epidemiologic studies have suggested high prevalence in rural China, the prevalence in children as well as risk factors and impact of disease in low-resource areas remain poorly characterized...
May 8, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725182/repeated-peritoneal-catheter-blockage-caused-by-neurocysticercosis-following-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-placement-for-hydrocephalus
#3
Zhi Hua Li, Zhong Quan Wang, Jing Cui, Fu You Guo
Cerebral cysticercosis is common, but the possibility for repeated occurrence of peritoneal catheter blockage caused by neurocysticercosis (NCC) after two revisions following ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement for hydrocephalus is unusual. Herein, we describe one rare case in which peritoneal catheter revision was performed two times unsuccessfully. Endoscopic cysternostomy rather than peritoneal catheter adjustment was performed successfully, and histopathological examination of excised cystic samples confirmed NCC in our hospital...
April 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714161/ventricular-neurocysticercosis-a-severe-form-of-the-disease-waiting-for-well-designed-therapeutic-trials
#4
Oscar H Del Brutto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 30, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710329/chronic-meningitis-investigated-via-metagenomic-next-generation-sequencing
#5
Michael R Wilson, Brian D O'Donovan, Jeffrey M Gelfand, Hannah A Sample, Felicia C Chow, John P Betjemann, Maulik P Shah, Megan B Richie, Mark P Gorman, Rula A Hajj-Ali, Leonard H Calabrese, Kelsey C Zorn, Eric D Chow, John E Greenlee, Jonathan H Blum, Gary Green, Lillian M Khan, Debarko Banerji, Charles Langelier, Chloe Bryson-Cahn, Whitney Harrington, Jairam R Lingappa, Niraj M Shanbhag, Ari J Green, Bruce J Brew, Ariane Soldatos, Luke Strnad, Sarah B Doernberg, Cheryl A Jay, Vanja Douglas, S Andrew Josephson, Joseph L DeRisi
Importance: Identifying infectious causes of subacute or chronic meningitis can be challenging. Enhanced, unbiased diagnostic approaches are needed. Objective: To present a case series of patients with diagnostically challenging subacute or chronic meningitis using metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) supported by a statistical framework generated from mNGS of control samples from the environment and from patients who were noninfectious...
April 16, 2018: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692305/intraventricular-neurocysticercosis-experience-and-long-term-outcome-from-a-tertiary-referral-center-in-the-united-states
#6
Theodore E Nash, JeanAnne M Ware, Siddhartha Mahanty
Ventricular involvement in neurocysticercosis (NCC), a common serious manifestation of NCC, has distinct clinical presentations, complications, and treatments primarily because of partial or complete obstruction of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow by Taenia solium cysts. We review the clinical course, treatments, and long-term outcomes in 23 of 121 (19.0%) total NCC patients with ventricular cysts referred to the National Institutes of Health from 1985 to the October 2017. Patients had a median age of 31...
April 23, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687740/long-term-cognitive-outcome-of-children-with-parenchymal-neurocysticercosis-a-prospective-observation-study
#7
Pratibha Singhi, Prabhjot Malhi, Renu Suthar, Brijendra Deo, N K Khandelwal
To study the cognitive profile and scholastic performance of children with parenchymal neurocysticercosis. A total of 500 children with a diagnosis of neurocysticercosis and epilepsy registered in our pediatric neurocysticercosis clinic between January 1996 and December 2002 were enrolled. Patients were evaluated for their scholastic performance using their school grades. Cognitive assessment was done using Parental interview and the "Draw-a-Man" test. Poor scholastic performance was seen in 22.2% (111) children...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684412/no-association-of-il2-il4-il6-tnf-and-ifng-gene-polymorphisms-was-found-with-taenia-solium-human-infection-or-neurocysticercosis-severity-in-a-family-based-study
#8
A Fleury, C Alaez, A Dessein, M Rosetti, B Saenz, M Hernández, R J Bobes, R Aquino, E Sciutto, C Gorodezky, G Fragoso
Neurocysticercosis (NC) is caused by the establishment of the metacestode stage of Taenia solium in the human central nervous system. A great heterogeneity in the susceptibility to the infection and to the disease has been reported. While the factors involved in this heterogeneity are not completely understood, clearly different immune-inflammatory profiles have been associated to each condition. This study evaluated the association of cytokine single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with susceptibility to infection and disease severity in NC patients...
April 20, 2018: Human Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682076/neurocysticercosis-in-japan
#9
Victor Kwasi, Kunihiko Kodama, Toshiya Uchiyama, Yoshikazu Kusano, Toshiyuki Shimizu, Kazuo Tokushige, Toshiki Takemae
Neurocysticercosis is a condition rarely reported in Japan, and therefore, the specific route of infestation in our set up has not been conclusively elucidated. Preoperative diagnosis remains difficult to make with certainty due to the slowly evolving nature of the disease and the fact that there are no typical characteristic clinical findings particularly associated with the disease. The hematological, serological, serum biochemistry, stool, and radiological tests were nonspecific for neurocysticercosis. The characteristic neuro-imaging findings were demonstrated in this case, and histopathology confirmed Taenia solium parenchymal infestation...
April 2018: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675092/hippocampal-sclerosis-in-a-child-with-multiple-neurocysticercosis
#10
Mahmood Dhahir Al-Mendalawi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663901/barriers-to-participation-in-a-community-based-program-to-control-transmission-of-taenia-solium-in-peru
#11
Michelle Beam, Angela Spencer, Lauralee Fernandez, Ruth Atto, Claudio Muro, Percy Vilchez, Ricardo Gamboa, Sandra Olaya, Viterbo Ayvar, Armando E Gonzalez, Hector H Garcia, Seth E O'Neal, For The Cysticercosis Working Group In Peru
Infection of the brain with Taenia solium larvae (neurocysticercosis) is a leading cause of preventable epilepsy worldwide. Effective and sustainable strategies to control parasite transmission in rural endemic communities are needed to prevent the disease. Surveillance and targeted intervention around infected pigs (ring control strategy) have been shown to be effective when carried out by research teams. However, this strategy has not been implemented or tested as a community-based program. In this small trial in northern Peru, eight villages were randomly assigned to community-led surveillance and treatment (five villages, 997 residents) or control (three villages, 1,192 residents)...
April 16, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662531/cystic-brain-metastases-in-alk-rearranged-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#12
REVIEW
Guilherme Nader Marta, Renata Rodrigues da Cunha Colombo Bonadio, Renata Eiras Martins, Henrique Bortot Zuppani, Gilberto de Castro
The central nervous system (CNS) is a common site of disease progression in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-rearrangement treated with crizotinib. Cystic brain metastases (CBM) have been recently identified as one possible variant of this disease. An illustrative case report is presented along with a literature review performed in order to track relevant papers about CBM in ALK-rearranged NSCLC, including possible pathophysiology, differential diagnosis and treatment options for this condition...
2018: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649020/autologous-bone-flap-resorption-years-after-subtemporal-craniotomy
#13
John Oladapo Obafunwa, Emily Hammerl, David Jaskierny, Livia Taylor, Lynette Russell, Karl Reinhard
In Spring of 2012, the partially undressed and skeletonized remains of a homeless adult Hispanic male was found in a fairly open wooded area in Nebraska. The remains showed evidence of extensive pathologies, which included healed traumas and surgeries. Examination of the decedent's medical records revealed that he had a history of kidney and liver problems, alcohol abuse, several traumas including a major head injury that necessitated a craniotomy, and radiological features of neurocysticercosis. The autologous bone flap, which was replaced after the craniotomy, had resorbed significantly away from the edges of the injury...
April 11, 2018: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649013/eeg-patterns-in-patients-with-calcified-neurocysticercosis-with-or-without-hippocampal-atrophy
#14
Naoum P Issa, Mark J Sedler, Victor J Del Brutto, Elizabeth Darsan, Lucía Milla, Jessica Montes, Mauricio Zambrano, Oscar H Del Brutto
PURPOSE: To assess whether hippocampal atrophy develops in conjunction with clinical or subclinical epileptiform or encephalopathic activity in subjects with neurocysticercosis (NCC). METHODS: Using a population-based and nested case-control study design, scalp EEGs and brain MRIs were performed in Atahualpa residents aged ≥40 years, who have imaging-confirmed NCC (case patients), as well as in age- and sex-matched NCC-free control subjects. RESULTS: Sixty-two case patients and 62 control subjects were included...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644966/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-neurocysticercosis-2017-clinical-practice-guidelines-by-the-infectious-diseases-society-of-america-idsa-and-the-american-society-of-tropical-medicine-and-hygiene-astmh
#15
A Clinton White, Christina M Coyle, Vedantam Rajshekhar, Gagandeep Singh, W Allen Hauser, Aaron Mohanty, Hector H Garcia, Theodore E Nash
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643636/atypical-presentation-of-posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-two-cases
#16
Nishant Kumar, Ranju Singh, Neha Sharma, Aruna Jain
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a clinico-neuroradiological entity, first described in 1996. It is commonly associated with systemic hypertension, intake of immunosuppressant drugs, sepsis and eclampsia and preeclampsia. Headache, alteration in consciousness, visual disturbances and seizures are common manifestations of PRES. Signs of pyramidal tract involvement and motor dysfunction are uncommon clinical findings. However, clinical presentation is not diagnostic. On neuroimaging, lesions are characteristically found in parieto occipital region of the brain due to vasogenic edema...
January 2018: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617787/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-neurocysticercosis-2017-clinical-practice-guidelines-by-the-infectious-diseases-society-of-america-idsa-and-the-american-society-of-tropical-medicine-and-hygiene-astmh
#17
A Clinton White, Christina M Coyle, Vedantam Rajshekhar, Gagandeep Singh, W Allen Hauser, Aaron Mohanty, Hector H Garcia, Theodore E Nash
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 3, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579308/the-effect-of-albendazole-treatment-on-non-seizure-outcomes-in-patients-with-symptomatic-neurocysticercosis
#18
Kriti Thapa, Matthew L Romo, Arturo Carpio, Denise Leslie, Howard Andrews, W Allen Hauser, Elizabeth A Kelvin
Background: There is little information about the impact of anthelminthic treatment on clinical symptoms other than seizures in neurocysticercosis (NC). We investigated the effect of albendazole on non-seizure symptoms experienced by patients with NC. Methods: Data are from a randomized controlled trial comparing albendazole plus prednisone with placebo plus prednisone for treatment of NC among 173 patients with active or transitional NC cysts and new-onset symptoms...
March 22, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569096/did-antonio-vallisneri-1661-1730-really-describe-frontal-sinus-osteoma-unexpected-insights-for-paleo-neuroparasitology
#19
Francesco M Galassi, Elena Varotto, Alberto Zanatta, Fabio Zampieri
It has been believed for a long time that the Paduan scholar Antonio Vallisneri (1661-1730) described the second historical case of the frontal sinus osteoma in 1733. By historico-medically reexamining this case, we conclude that the brain concretions he described were not a case of frontal sinus osteoma, while they appear to have been pathological outcomes of neurocysticercosis, whose larval stages would only be described by Johann Goeze (1731-1793) later, in 1784. Thus, this case becomes relevant for the history of neuroparasitology...
March 22, 2018: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547198/chronic-eosinophilic-meningitis-as-a-manifestation-of-isolated-spinal-neurocysticercosis-a-rare-case-and-a-review-of-literature
#20
Abhinith Shashidhar, Amey R Savardekar, Ravindranadh C Mundlamuri, M Netravathi, A Nalini, Yasha T Chickabasaviah, A Arivazhagan, Malla Bhaskar Rao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Neurology India
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