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Oral maxillofacial surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333366/a-review-of-temporomandibular-joint-related-papers-published-between-2014-2015
#1
REVIEW
Vaibhav Singh, K N V Sudhakar, Kiran Kumar Mallela, Rajat Mohanty
We conducted a retrospective study and reviewed the temporomandibular joint (TMJ)-related papers published in a leading international journal, Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, between January 2014 and December 2015. The study was conducted to ascertain and compare the trends of articles being published in the years 2014 and 2015. A total of 28 articles were reviewed, of which most of the full-length articles were on clinical management and outcomes and the role of radiology. The bulk of the studies were prospective, and less interest was shown in experimental research...
December 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332113/changes-in-the-temporomandibular-joint-disc-and-temporal-and-masseter-muscles-secondary-to-bruxism-in-turkish-patients
#2
Hasan Garip, Sukran Tufekcioglu, Emre Kaya
To analyze the relationships between temporalis and masseter muscle hypertrophy and temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disc displacement in patients with severe bruxism using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Methods: This retrospective study included 100 patients with severe bruxism, referred to the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Marmara and Istanbul Medipol University, Istanbul, Turkey, between January 2015 and December 2016. Patients underwent TMJ MRI with a 1.5-T system in open and closed mouth positions...
January 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322502/systematic-review-of-benefits-or-harms-of-routine-anaesthetist-inserted-throat-packs-in-adults-practice-recommendations-for-inserting-and-counting-throat-packs-an-evidence-based-consensus-statement-by-the-difficult-airway-society-das-the-british-association
#3
REVIEW
V Athanassoglou, A Patel, B McGuire, A Higgs, M S Dover, P A Brennan, A Banerjee, B Bingham, J J Pandit
Throat packs are commonly inserted by anaesthetists after induction of anaesthesia for dental, maxillofacial, nasal or upper airway surgery. However, the evidence supporting this practice as routine is unclear, especially in the light of accidentally retained throat packs which constitute 'Never Events' as defined by NHS England. On behalf of three relevant national organisations, we therefore conducted a systematic review and literature search to assess the evidence base for benefit, and also the extent and severity of complications associated with throat pack use...
January 10, 2018: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316092/a-cross-sectional-study-of-confidence-in-minor-surgical-skills-amongst-junior-dentists
#4
R M Keat, S A Sheik, M Thomas, R Albuquerque, K Hill
INTRODUCTION: To work in the National Health Service (NHS) as a dentist, the practitioner needs to be on the UK dental "performer's list". To apply for access to this list and work as a General Dental Practitioner (GDP), dentists must be qualified from the European Economic Area (EEA) or, those trained in the UK, must undertake Dental Foundation Training (DFT). Dentists interested in further taught learning or pursuing specialist training must continue working as "Dental Core Trainees" (DCTs)...
January 6, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303409/clinical-evaluation-of-a-new-synthetic-resorbable-dental-membrane-a-case-series-study
#5
Hélène Martin Thomé, David Bourdin, Nicolas Strube, Afchine Saffarzadeh, Jean-Francois Morlock, Guillaume Campard, Charles Evanno, Alain Hoornaert, Pierre Layrolle
For the regeneration of small osseous defects, dental membranes are commonly used in oral and maxillofacial surgery. A new synthetic resorbable membrane has recently demonstrated its biocompatibility and bone regeneration capacity in preclinical studies. This membrane is made of poly-D,L-lactic/glycolic acid 85/15 (PLGA), has a bi-layered structure with a dense film to prevent gingival epithelial cell invasion and a micro-fibrous layer to support osteogenic cells and bone healing. This membrane completely degrades by hydrolysis in 4 to 6 months without signs of inflammation...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303131/benign-tumors-and-tumor-like-lesions-of-the-oral-cavity-and-jaws-an-analysis-of-709-cases
#6
A Kilinc, N Saruhan, B Gundogdu, E Yalcin, U Ertas, G Urvasizoglu
PURPOSE: The purpose was to examine the prevalence, gender, age and site(s) of odontogenic and nonodontogenic benign tumors, and tumor-like lesions occurring in the oral cavity and jaws in a Turkish population, particularly, in the Eastern Turkey, and to compare findings of this study with other reports. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data were collected from the files of the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and the Department of Oral Pathology, Ataturk University, Turkey, during a 10-year period from January 2005 to January 2015...
November 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301675/postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-after-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-a-prospective-study
#7
M Dobbeleir, J De Coster, W Coucke, C Politis
Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is one of the most unpleasant experiences after surgery. It reduces patient satisfaction and also increases hospital costs due to longer hospitalizations. The aim of this prospective study was to determine whether orthognathic surgery is associated with more PONV than less invasive maxillofacial surgery. Three hundred and eight patients aged 8-87 years who underwent maxillofacial surgery were included. The PONV score, based on the Apfel score, was calculated preoperatively...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290185/non-vascularized-autogenous-bone-grafts-for-reconstruction-of-maxillofacial-osseous-defects
#8
Waseem Ahmed, Muhammad Adil Asim, Afeefa Ehsan, Qalab Abbas
OBJECTIVE: To determine the outcomes of non-vascularized bone grafts for reconstruction of maxillofacial defects. STUDY DESIGN: Case series. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Armed Forces Institute of Dentistry, Rawalpindi, from January 2013 to December 2015. METHODOLOGY: Descriptive analyses of 30 patients, who underwent maxillofacial reconstruction with non-vascularized bone grafts, were conducted...
January 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288647/assessing-the-different-oncologic-disease-distribution-and-postoperative-complications-of-octogenarian-and-nonagenarian-head-and-neck-oncology%C3%A2-patients
#9
Doron Sagiv, Sahar Nadel, Yoav Pinhas Talmi, Ran Yahalom, Michael Wolf, Eran Emanuel Alon
PURPOSE: The admission rate of patients aged 80 years or older (oldest-old) with head and neck (HN) oncologic disease is on the rise. Our goal was to study the demographic characteristics, reasons for admission, types of surgical procedures, and postoperative complications of the oldest-old patients with HN malignancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study including all inpatients aged 80 years or older who were admitted to the department of otolaryngology-head and neck surgery or department of oral and maxillofacial surgery because of HN oncologic disease between 2009 and 2013...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284981/neurilemmoma-of-maxillary-alveolus-a-rare-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#10
Saravanan Kandasamy, R Senthil Nathan, Reena Rachel John
Schwannomas or neurilemmomas are benign, slow growing, usually solitary and encapsulated tumor, originating from Schwann cells of the nerve sheath. Intraoral schwannomas account for 1% of head and neck region and are commonly seen at the base of the tongue. Most of the literature, reports of schwannomas in the tongue region are common. In this article we report a rare occurrence of schwannoma in the maxillary alveolus region and its management. A 45 year old female patient reported to the department of oral and maxillofacial surgery with a complaint of swelling in the left maxillary alveolus in relation to molar teeth that had been present for more than 3 months...
November 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284979/evaluation-of-the-accuracy-of-cone-beam-computed-tomography-for-immediate-implant-placement-a-case-report
#11
B Saravanan, P Jayavelu, R Riaz, A R Tariqsalam
Diagnostic imaging acts as a distinctive method in analyzing and drawing in the appropriate treatment protocol for any procedure. Pertaining to immediate implant placement, determining the bone width and height plays a vital role in the success of the implant therapy. This visualization of the measurements done preoperatively will enhance the treatment by reducing the overall time span of the procedure. Currently, cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) plays a significant role in the preoperative determination of the measurements of the tooth and the bone...
November 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284964/incidence-of-risk-and-complications-associated-with-orthodontic-therapeutic-extraction
#12
Ramesh Narendar, Gowri Balakrishnan, Thangavelu Kavin, Sivasubramanian Venkataraman, Syed Khalid Altaf, Subramaniam Gokulanathan
Background: Extraction in orthodontics are carried out in the cases where there is space deficiency to align the teeth. The elective extraction of first or second premolars has been discussed in the literature for more than 50 years. In the 1940s and 1950s Nance, Dewel and Carey reviewed this as a useful option, and in the 1970s Logan and other leading orthodontists favoured the extraction as choice. It is not always the elective extraction of premolar is a smooth drive for the surgeon as well as to patient...
November 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284961/comparison-of-efficacy-of-amoxicillin-versus-ciprofloxacin-in-postsurgical-management-of-transalveolar-extraction
#13
Balan Natarajan, Gowri Balakrishnan, Kavin Thangavelu
Background: The transalveolar extraction and the use of pharmacological antibiotic therapy following the surgical procedure in management of postoperative infection go hand in hand in minor oral surgery. Attention has often been focused on antibiotic therapy administered at different time schedules (before or after surgery or both). This investigation reveals how the use of different molecules and dosages is critical in the postoperative period and has always provided positive result...
November 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284959/platelet-rich-plasma-and-incidence-of-alveolar-osteitis-in-high-risk-patients-undergoing-extractions-of-mandibular-molars-a-case-control-study
#14
Nitin Prataap, P M Sunil, C B Sudeep, Vivek Suku Ninan, Arun Tom, M R Arjun
Background: To evaluate the efficiency of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) on the incidence of alveolar osteitis (AO) in patients with potential risk factors for the development of AO. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted in 150 patients visiting the outpatient department of oral and maxillofacial surgery. Patients with potential risk factors for the development of AO which included smokers, alcoholics, postmenopausal women, patients on oral contraceptives, pericoronitis, and bruxism were included for the study...
November 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283947/a-study-on-environmental-factors-for-nonsyndromic-cleft-lip-and-or-palate
#15
Da-Peng Xu, Wei-Dong Qu, Chao Sun, Rong-Yu Cao, Dian-Wei Liu, Ping-Gong Du
The aim of the study was to investigate the association between environmental factors and nonsyndromic cleft of the lip and/or palate (NSCL/P) in Yantai District, China. A retrospective case-control study was carried out. A total of 236 NSCL/P children were selected from Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of Yantai Stomatological Hospital between September 2013 and December 2016 as cases; 209 controls were chosen from other diagnosis in the same department during the same period. The 2 groups matched age and sex...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274150/occupational-group-educational-level-marital-status-and-deleterious-habits-among-individuals-with-maxillofacial-fractures-retrospective-study
#16
D-F-S Esses, F-W-G Costa, C-D-L Sa, P-G-B Silva, T-M-M Bezerra, F-S-R Carvalho, J-R de Medeiros, E-C-S Soares
BACKGROUND: To investigate the occupational profile, educational level, marital status and deleterious habits to the health of patients with maxillofacial fractures of a population of northeastern Brazil. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study of patients records admitted to the Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at the Walter Cantidio University Hospital (Fortaleza, Brazil) who sustained maxillofacial fractures was conducted in the period between 2006 and 2015...
December 23, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274149/evolution-of-oral-neoplasm-in-an-andalusian-population-spain
#17
R Flores-Ruiz, L Castellanos-Cosano, M-A Serrera-Figallo, A Gutierrez-Corrales, R Castillo-Oyague, J-L Gutierrez-Pere, D Torres-Lagares
BACKGROUND: Head and neck cancer are one of the most common neoplasm pathologies in humans. The aim of this study was to analyze the type, characteristics, treatment and evolution of oral neoplasm or precancerous lesion in a sample of Andalusian population (Spain) derived from the Oncology Rehabilitation Hospital Unit during a period of 20 years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective descriptive study was carried out during the years 1991 and 2011 analyzing the type, characteristics, treatment and follow-up of oral neoplasm in the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Unit of the Universitary Hospital Virgen del Rocio...
December 23, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273650/clinical-efficacy-and-effectiveness-of-3d-printing-a-systematic-review
#18
Laura E Diment, Mark S Thompson, Jeroen H M Bergmann
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical efficacy and effectiveness of using 3D printing to develop medical devices across all medical fields. DESIGN: Systematic review compliant with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Web of Science, OVID, IEEE Xplore and Google Scholar. METHODS: A double-blinded review method was used to select all abstracts up to January 2017 that reported on clinical trials of a three-dimensional (3D)-printed medical device...
December 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258778/effects-of-deep-sedation-under-mechanical-ventilation-on-cognitive-outcome-in-patients-undergoing-surgery-for-oral-and-maxillofacial-cancer-and-microvascular-reconstruction
#19
Y Terada, S Inoue, M Konda, J Egawa, J Ueda, T Kirita, M Kawaguchi
OBJECTIVE: Cognitive impairment after intensive care unit (ICU) admission is becoming increasingly recognized. High-dose deep sedation has been suggested to play an important role in the development of cognitive impairment. However, the impact of heavy sedation as a single cause in the development of cognitive impairment in ICU patients remains unclear. In this study we investigated whether a three-day deep sedation protocol could reduce cognitive function in mechanically ventilated non-critical patients...
December 16, 2017: Medicina Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245004/a-standardized-preoperative-group-intervention-is-feasible-and-acceptable-to-orthognathic-surgery-patients
#20
Xialong Li, Debra L Safer, Imilce Castro Paz, Roseanne Menorca, Sabine Girod
PURPOSE: Nearly 10% of patients remain dissatisfied after orthognathic surgery, largely because of psychoeducational or psychosocial factors. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of a psychoeducationally based group intervention to improve preoperative preparation of orthognathic surgical patients and their caregivers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The intervention consisted of 2 group sessions, with each session lasting 2 hours...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
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