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Oral maxillofacial surgery

Amir Kiakojori, Seyede Parisa Motamedi Nasab, Farida Abesi, Hemmat Gholinia
Background and aim: Given the importance of evaluating the maxillary sinus lateral wall thickness (LWT) to avoid complications during surgery, the aim of this study was to examine LWT as well as the effect of residual ridge height (RH), edentulous region, type of edentulism, age and gender on it. Methods: In this cross-sectional study conducted in 2016, 150 samples of the CBCT imaging archives of the Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology Clinic in Babol, Iran, were evaluated retrospectively...
December 2017: Electronic Physician
Abdurrazaq Olanrewaju Taiwo, Ramat Oyebunmi Braimah, Adebayo Aremu Ibikunle, Mutiat Feyisetan Obileye, Nma Muhammed Jiya, Saddiku Malami Sahabi, Idris Kabiru Jaja
Background: Maxillofacial tumours in children and adolescents have been documented worldwide; however, few studies were reported from Africa, especially sub-Saharan Africa. In Nigeria, most of the studies emanated from the Southwest region. Aim: To present an audit of clinicopathologic features and treatment of orofacial tumours in children and adolescents in Sokoto, Northwest Nigeria. Patients and Methods: Clinicopathologic records of the Departments of Dental and Maxillofacial Surgery, Paediatrics and Histopathology, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria, were reviewed for all the oral and maxillofacial tumours managed in children <19 years from January 2011 to December 2015...
July 2017: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
Parveen Akhter Lone, Syed Wakeel Ahmed, Vivek Prasad, Bashir Ahmed
Plants & their extracts have immense potential for the management or treatment of the wounds. The pyhto medicines for the wound healing are not only cheap & affordable but are purportedly safe as hypersensitivity reactions are rarely encountered with the use of these agents, these natural agents induce healing & regeneration of the lost tissue by multiple mechanisms Turmeric commonly is called as Haldi in Hindi. C Longa has been reported to possess anti bacterial, anti fungal & anti inflammatory activities...
January 2018: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
Ashwant Kumar Vadepally, Ramen Sinha, A V S S Subramanya Kumar
Background: Patients with limited mouth opening (LMO) often associated with difficult intubation. Retrograde intubation is an alternative technique of establishing definitive airway in these patients when blind nasal intubation fails and fiberoptic bronchoscope is not available. We tested the retrograde intubation through nasal route in patients with LMO less than 2 cm. Materials and methods: The procedure was performed with some modification with regard to retrograde guide on 18 patients requiring maxillofacial surgical procedures to increase mouth opening...
January 2018: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
Órla Gilheaney, Leo Fa Stassen, Margaret Walshe
PURPOSE: Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) are caused by changes in the structure and/or function of the temporomandibular joint, masticatory muscles, and/or osseous components. TMDs can result in oral stage dysphagia (OD) with potential effects on function and patient well-being. Little is known about the prevalence, nature, and management of TMD-related OD. The aims of the present study were to estimate the prevalence and nature of OD in adult TMD patients and to identify the common management techniques used to manage the signs and symptoms of TMD-related OD...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Jesper Jansen, Ruud Schreurs, Leander Dubois, Thomas J J Maal, Peter J J Gooris, Alfred G Becking
OBJECTIVE: Advanced three-dimensional (3D) diagnostics and preoperative planning are the first steps in computer-assisted surgery (CAS). They are an integral part of the workflow, and allow the surgeon to adequately assess the fracture and to perform virtual surgery to find the optimal implant position. The goal of this study was to evaluate the accuracy and predictability of 3D diagnostics and preoperative virtual planning without intraoperative navigation in orbital reconstruction. METHODS: In 10 cadaveric heads, 19 complex orbital fractures were created...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Jeroen G V Habets, Roel H L Haeren, Suen A N Lie, Noel J C Bauer, Jim T A Dings
BACKGROUND: We present a case of orbital compartment syndrome (OCS) leading to monocular irreversible blindness following a pterional craniotomy for clipping of an anterior communicating artery (ACoA) aneurysm. OCS is an uncommon but vision-threatening entity requiring urgent decompression to reduce the risk of permanent visual loss. Iatrogenic orbital roof defects are a common finding following pterional craniotomies. However, complications related to these defects are rarely reported...
March 12, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Rafael Ferreira E Costa, Marina Reis Oliveira, Marisa Aparecida Cabrini Gabrielli, Valfrido Antônio Pereira-Filho, Eduardo Hochuli Vieira
The objective of this study was to review the medical records of patients with a history of mandibular angle fracture who were attended at the Service of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Traumatology of FOAr/UNESP in the last 5 years. The data collected were subjected to chi-squared test (significance level of 5%). The authors reviewed 19 medical records. The main cause was physical aggression (58.00%), but with no statistical difference in relation to the other etiologies (P > 0.05). Regarding the type of fixation, one 2...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Keisuke Sugahara, Yoshiharu Katsumi, Masahide Koyachi, Yu Koyama, Satoru Matsunaga, Kento Odaka, Shinichi Abe, Masayuki Takano, Akira Katakura
Background: Along with the advances in technology of three-dimensional (3D) printer, it became a possible to make more precise patient-specific 3D model in the various fields including oral and maxillofacial surgery. When creating 3D models of the mandible and maxilla, it is easier to make a single unit with a fused temporomandibular joint, though this results in poor operability of the model. However, while models created with a separate mandible and maxilla have operability, it can be difficult to fully restore the position of the condylar after simulation...
December 2018: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Jin-Qing Xiao, Hai-Jiang Sun, Qi-Hui Qiao, Xin Bao, Chuan-Bin Wu, Qing Zhou
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to compare surgical outcomes after the removal of submandibular gland (SMG) stones via 2 different surgical methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From June 2015 to July 2016, a total of 40 patients with SMG stones were selected from the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Stomatology, China Medical University (Shenyang, China), and were randomly assigned to 2 groups. Twenty patients underwent sialendoscopy-assisted stone removal via extraoral incision with preservation of the SMG, and 20 patients underwent traditional SMG resection...
December 29, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
Anastasios Kanatas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2018: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
Y Klazen, F Van der Cruyssen, M Vranckx, M Van Vlierberghe, C Politis, T Renton, R Jacobs
With the growing demand for dental work, trigeminal nerve injuries are increasingly common. This retrospective cohort study examined 53 cases of iatrogenic trigeminal nerve injury seen at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University Hospitals of Leuven between 2013 and 2014 (0.6% among 8845 new patient visits). Patient records were screened for post-traumatic trigeminal nerve neuropathy caused by nerve injury incurred during implant surgery, endodontic treatment, local anaesthesia, tooth extraction, or specifically third molar removal...
March 6, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Andrew S Young, Michael W Fischer, Nicholas S Lang, Matthew R Cooke
This study provides trends in the discipline of dental anesthesiology. A questionnaire-based survey was sent to 338 members of the American Society of Dentist Anesthesiologists to evaluate practice patterns. One focus of the study was modality of sedation/anesthesia used for dentistry in North America. Age, gender, years in practice, and geographic region of practice were also obtained. Data gathered from the returned questionnaires were entered into an Excel spreadsheet and then imported into JMP Statistical Discovery Software (v12...
2018: Anesthesia Progress
Akın Buğra Pişiren, Ayça Arman-Özçırpıcı, Nilüfer İrem Tunçer
PURPOSE: The aim of this survey study was to assess the influence of chin prominence on the perception of profile esthetics between genders by orthodontists, oral and maxillofacial surgeons (OMF), plastic surgeons, orthognathic patients and laypersons. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 731 observers participated in this study. Profile photographs of one female and one male showing ideal soft tissue values, skeletal class 1 relationship, and normodivergent facial type were modified with photo editing program (Adobe Photoshop CC software), so that the chin was moved posteriorly up to 10 mm and anteriorly up to 8 mm at 2-mm intervals...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Hina Rashid, Azmina Hussain, Abdul Hafeez Sheikh, Kehkishan Azam, Sofia Malik, Muhammad Amin
BACKGROUND: Dento-alveolar surgical procedures involving third molar teeth are the most common surgical procedure in the field of surgery. The objective of this research was to analyse the impact of surgery on the incidence of alveolar osteitis after surgical removal of mandibular third molar and to compare two different bone cutting methods following impacted mandibular third molar surgery.. METHODS: This double blinded randomized clinical trial was executed at the OPD of Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi...
January 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Murat Ozle, Dilek A Uğar Çankal, Mert Ilhan, Hikmet Keleş, Esra Küpeli Akkol
OBJECTIVES: Ankaferd BloodStopper® (ABS) is an herbal extract which has been used historically as a hemostatic agent in traditional Turkish medicine. ABS comprises of standardized mixture of herbs Thymus vulgaris, Glycyrrhiza glabra, Vitis vinifera, Alpinia officinarum, and Urtica dioica. In addition to its hemostatic effects, the herb ABS contains some other biological effects including antioxidant and antitumoral properties. The aim of this study is to investigate the chemopreventive effects of ABS in 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA)-induced oral epithelial dysplasia...
March 2, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
Syed Mahmood Haider, Wasay Latif
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 26, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
Maryam Ghazizadeh, Mahnaz Sheikhi, Mohammad Mahdi Salehi, Amin Khaleghi
The coronoid process is a beaklike process in the ramus of the mandible. Coronoid process hyperplasia (CPH) is a rare possible cause of reduced mouth opening. An overgrown process interferes with mandibular rotation and lateral excursion and hence leads to restricted mouth opening (RMO). Although some factors are suggested, etiology of CPH is not completely known. Prescription of suitable radiography is necessary for an accurate diagnosis. This article reports a 30-year-old man with bilateral CPH and progressive RMO since childhood...
February 2018: Radiology Case Reports
Stuart Lieblich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 23, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Willian Ricardo Pires, Igor de Oliveira Puttini, André Hergesel de Oliva, Ricardo Garcia Mureb Jacob, Heldo Cesar Figueira Júnior, Celso Koogi Sonoda, André Luis da Silva Fabris, Leonardo Perez Faverani, Francisley Ávila Souza, Idelmo Rangel Garcia Júnior
The frontal bone fractures occur very often in service units in oral and maxillofacial surgery. Bicoronal access is the most common for the surgical treatment of frontal bone fractures. However, patients are surprised when they receive notice that such invasive access will be made. This approach allows adequate visualization of the fracture site, but may be associated with complications, which can be avoided by the use of less invasive techniques. We describe an alternative approach that aims to minimize the complications of a coronal incision...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
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