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Oral maxillofacial surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642191/new-aspects-in-free-flap-surgery-mini-perforator-flaps-and-extracorporeal-flap-perfusion
#1
Klaus-Dietrich Wolff
BACKGROUND: The scope of microvascular tissue transfer in the Head and Neck reaches from coverage of simple soft tissue defects to complex 3-D reconstructions using multiple or chimeric flaps. This paper summarises the presentation given at the Congress of the French Society of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery in Marseille 2017. It was the aim of our work to add further elements to this wide spectrum of reconstructive possibilities. METHODS: For patients with small intraoral soft tissue defects in whom the use of a radial forearm flap would not be justified because of its donor site morbidity, but who nevertheless would take a benefit from a small free flap, we used mini-perforator flaps from the lower leg...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638693/management-of-the-temporomandibular-joint-in-inflammatory-arthritis-involvement-of-surgical-procedures
#2
REVIEW
Rory C O'Connor, Fiona Fawthrop, Rami Salha, Andrew J Sidebottom
Many conditions may affect the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), but its incidence in individual joint diseases is low. However, inflammatory arthropathies, particularly rheumatoid and psoriatic arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis, appear to have a propensity for affecting the joint. Symptoms include pain, restriction in mouth opening, locking, and noises, which together can lead to significant impairment. Jaw rest, a soft diet, a bite splint, and medical therapy, including disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) and simple analgesia, are the bedrock of initial treatment and will improve most symptoms in most patients...
June 2017: European Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628159/-diagnosis-accuracy-of-fine-needle-aspiration-cytology-for-vascular-anomalies
#3
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) in diagnosing vascular abnormality in oral and maxillofacial region. METHODS: The method of retrospective study was used. The data from the patients who underwent FNAC from 2011 to 2014 in Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Peking University School of Stomatology were collected. All the included patients were divided into surgery group and non-surgery group. The patients in surgery group underwent lesion resection and the postoperative pathological results were gained...
June 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627359/evaluation-of-early-postoperative-complications-following-tracheotomy
#4
Danielle L Freburg-Hoffmeister, John H Hardeman, M Franklin Dolwick, Charles G Widmer
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the early postoperative complications related to tracheotomy performed by surgeons and residents in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (OMS) at the University of Florida College of Dentistry (UFCD; Gainesville, FL). The authors hypothesized that complications with this surgical technique would be substantially different among the different medical diagnoses of these patients and the number of complications would positively correlate with the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status classification...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616088/effect-of-prophylactic-administration-of-novafen-for-periodontal-surgery-on-postoperative-pain-relief
#5
A Kashefimehr, A Babaloo, M Ghanizadeh, S H Ghasemi, H Mollazadeh
Pain is a subjective feeling and one of the defense and alerting mechanisms of the body, which is distinguished from the body senses, including touch sensation and perception of heat, cold, pressure, etc. Pain, discomfort, and edema are very common after dental procedures, especially after periodontal surgeries, usually occurring during the first 24 hours after surgery; such pains are classified as medium to severe pains. Generally, medications are used to manage patients' pain and discomfort. One of the most commonly used medications for pain control is Ibuprofen, which is one of the NSAIDs and is a simple derivative of phenylpropionic acid...
April 2017: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612700/knowledge-gaps-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-a-systematic-mapping
#6
Marie Österberg, Anders Holmlund, Bo Sunzel, Sofia Tranæus, Svante Twetman, Bodil Lund
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate available knowledge and identify knowledge gaps within the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery, by systematically collecting and evaluating systematic reviews. Twelve specific domains were selected: surgical removal of teeth, antibiotic and corticosteroid prophylaxis, orofacial infections, dental and facial trauma, orthognathic surgery, reconstructive surgery, benign tumors, cysts, premalignant lesions, oral complications of treatment of malignant tumors, hyperbaric oxygen therapy, temporomandibular joint surgery, cost effectiveness of different surgical treatments, and ethics...
January 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602382/value-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-a-systematic-review-of-economic-analyses
#7
Benjamin Geisler, Yisi D Ji, Zachary S Peacock
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to describe the state of economic analyses in the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search of published literature up to 2016 was performed. The inclusion criteria were as follows: English-language articles on economic analyses pertaining to OMS including anesthesia and pain management; dentoalveolar surgery; orthognathic, cleft, and/or obstructive sleep apnea treatment; pathology; reconstruction; temporomandibular disorders; trauma; and other...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600917/application-of-combined-osteotomy-and-reconstruction-pre-bent-plate-position-corppp-technology-to-assist-in-the-precise-reconstruction-of-segmental-mandibular-defects
#8
Ye Liang, Canhua Jiang, Limeng Wu, Wenjin Wang, Yonggang Liu, Xinchun Jian
PURPOSE: To introduce and evaluate the clinical effects of digital surgical guide plate technology in the combined osteotomy and reconstruction pre-bent plate position (CORPPP) technique during mandibular segmental resections. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seven cases of mandibular segmental resection with simultaneous vascularized free fibula flap reconstruction by oral and maxillofacial surgery were selected (Xiangya Hospital, Changsha, China; June 2015 through December 2015)...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578373/assessment-of-time-intervals-in-the-pathway-to-oral-cancer-diagnosis-in-north-westerm-spain-relative-contribution-of-patient-interval
#9
P Varela-Centelles, J-L López-Cedrún, J Fernández-Santromán, P Álvarez-Nóvoa, R Luaces-Rey, M-J Pombo-Castro, M-P López-Jornet, J Seoane
BACKGROUND: Despite continuous advances in diagnosis and therapy, oral cancers are mostly diagnosed at advanced stages with minor survival improvements in the last two decades. Both phenomena have been attributed to delays in the diagnosis. This study aims at quantifying the time elapsed until definitive diagnosis in these patients and the patient interval's contribution. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A hospital-based, ambispective, observational study was undertaken on incident cases with a pathological diagnosis of oral squamous cell carcinoma recruited during 2015 at the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery services of CHUAC (A Coruña) and POVISA (Vigo) hospitals...
June 4, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573552/autogenous-bone-grafts-in-oral-implantology-is-it-still-a-gold-standard-a-consecutive-review-of-279-patients-with-456-clinical-procedures
#10
Andreas Sakkas, Frank Wilde, Marcus Heufelder, Karsten Winter, Alexander Schramm
BACKGROUND: This study assessed the clinical outcomes of graft success rate and early implant survival rate after preprosthetic alveolar ridge reconstruction with autologous bone grafts. METHODS: A consecutive retrospective study was conducted on all patients who were treated at the military outpatient clinic of the Department of Oral and Plastic Maxillofacial Surgery at the military hospital in Ulm (Germany) in the years of 2009 until 2011 with autologous bone transplantation prior to secondary implant insertion...
December 2017: International Journal of Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571287/surgical-management-of-a-rare-case-of-massive-compound-odontome-associated-with-missing-primary-tooth
#11
Elengkumaran Sankaran, Sangeetha Narasimhan, K S Sabitha, Punit Chitlangia
Odontomes are considered to be the most common odontogenic tumours of the jaws. They are benign, mixed tumours arising from the remnants of both odontogenic epithelium and the ectomesenchyme resulting in the deposition of varied propotions of enamel, dentin, cementum and pulp tissues. As these lesions show deficiency only in structural arrangement, some authors consider odontomes as hamartomas or tumour like malformations. Though these lesions are more common in children, very few cases have been reported in less than five years age group...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562162/high-percentage-of-oral-lichen-planus-and-lichenoid-lesion-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinomas
#12
Hellevi M A Ruokonen, Aino Juurikivi, Timo Kauppila, Anna Maria Heikkinen, Riitta Seppänen-Kaijansinkko
OBJECTIVE: Oral lichen planus (OLP) and lichenoid lesions (OLL) are regarded as precursor lesions of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) with potential for malignant transformation. This potential is not clear due to difficulties in diagnosis of OLP and OLL. Our aim was therefore to evaluate previously identified OLP and OLL as precursor lesions in OSCC and to identify cancer related etiological factors such as smoking and alcohol consumption. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all cases (total 323, comprising 164 females and 159 males) with OSCC treated at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Diseases and Surgery, Helsinki University Hospital during 2015...
May 31, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560233/evolution-current-status-and-advances-in-application-of-platelet-concentrate-in-periodontics-and-implantology
#13
REVIEW
Amit Arvind Agrawal
Platelet concentrates (PC) [platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and platelet-rich fibrin (PRF)] are frequently used for surgical procedures in medical and dental fields, particularly in oral and maxillofacial surgery, plastic surgery and sports medicine. The objective of all these technologies is to extract all the elements from a blood sample that could be used to improve healing and promote tissue regeneration. Although leukocyte rich and leukocyte poor PRP's have their own place in literature, the importance of non-platelet components in a platelet concentrate remains a mystery...
May 16, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560191/application-of-fuzzy-logic-in-oral-cancer-risk-assessment
#14
Ioana Scrobotă, Grigore Băciuț, Adriana Gabriela Filip, Bianca Todor, Florin Blaga, Mihaela Felicia Băciuț
BACKGROUND: The mapping of the malignization mechanism is still incomplete, but oxidative stress is strongly correlated to carcinogenesis. In our research, using fuzzy logic, we aimed to estimate the oxidative stress related-cancerization risk of the oral potentially malignant disorders. METHODS: Serum from 16 patients diagnosed (clinical and histopathological) with oral potentially malignant disorders (Dept. of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery and Radiology, "Iuliu Hațieganu" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj Napoca, Romania) was processed fluorometric for malondialdehyde and proton donors assays (Dept...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559711/biography-of-professor-cornel-tiberiu-opri%C3%A5-professional-maturity
#15
Alexandru Rotaru, Horatiu Rotaru
Professor Cornel Tiberiu Opris was the founder and Chair of the Clinic and University Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery in Cluj, after the Education Reform of 1948. The article illustrates how the founder of these institutions led a valiant struggle for obtaining and arranging a location for the newly established Faculty of Dentistry, within the Institute of Medicine and Pharmacy. Professor Cornel Tiberiu Opriş established himself as the most prodigious researcher at the Faculty for over a quarter-century, until his retirement, introducing his original conception in the therapeutic and surgical field...
2017: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556476/neurophysiological-changes-associated-with-implant-associated-augmentation-procedures-in-the-lower-jaw
#16
Amely Hartmann, Claudia Welte-Jzyk, Marcus Seiler, Monika Daubländer
BACKGROUND: Neurophysiological changes after oral and maxillofacial surgery remain one of the topics of current research. PURPOSE: This study evaluated if implant placement associated with augmentation procedures increases the possibility of sensory disturbances or result in impaired quality of life during the healing period. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients who had obtained an implant placement in the lower jaw in combination with augmentation procedures were examined by implementing a comprehensive Quantitative Sensory Testing (QST) protocol for extra- and intraoral use...
May 29, 2017: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551903/-against-all-odds-promoting-research-clinical-development-and-medical-services-of-the-conflict-in-the-galilee-medical-center
#17
Jacob Bornstein
The Galilee Medical Center (GMC) is unique in several aspects. Firstly, in the clinical aspect: In recent years, led by the Director of Medical Center, Dr. Masad Barhoum, a considerable momentum of development has taken place to reduce health discrepancies between the center and the periphery. Despite the under- financing of the health system in the Galilee, the GMC opened new clinical departments, introduced advanced medical technology and key staff members were added. This approach is depicted in publications presented in the current issue...
May 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551764/autofluorescence-spectroscopy-for-nerve-sparing-laser-surgery-of-the-head-and-neck-the-influence-of-laser-tissue-interaction
#18
Florian Stelzle, Maximilian Rohde, Max Riemann, Nicolai Oetter, Werner Adler, Katja Tangermann-Gerk, Michael Schmidt, Christian Knipfer
The use of remote optical feedback systems represents a promising approach for minimally invasive, nerve-sparing laser surgery. Autofluorescence properties can be exploited for a fast, robust identification of nervous tissue. With regard to the crucial step towards clinical application, the impact of laser ablation on optical properties in the vicinity of structures of the head and neck has not been investigated up to now. We acquired 24,298 autofluorescence spectra from 135 tissue samples (nine ex vivo tissue types from 15 bisected pig heads) both before and after ER:YAG laser ablation...
May 27, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535616/drug-induced-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw-the-state-of-the-art
#19
A Fassio, F Bertoldo, L Idolazzi, O Viapiana, M Rossini, D Gatti
Osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) is a rare adverse event of antiresorptive drugs such as bisphosphonates (BP) and denosumab (DMAb). The diagnosis of ONJ is considered in cases where exposed bone in the maxillofacial region does not heal within 8 weeks in a patient previously treated with an antiresorptive agent. In patients with osteoporosis, ONJ is reported as a very rare adverse event while in oncologic patients with bone metastases or malignant hypercalcemia the incidence is significantly higher (up to the 1-10% of the patients)...
May 22, 2017: Reumatismo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523084/survey-of-current-practice-patterns-in-the-management-of-frontal-sinus-fractures
#20
Kevin J Choi, Bora Chang, Charles R Woodard, David B Powers, Jeffrey R Marcus, Liana Puscas
The management of frontal sinus fractures has evolved in the endoscopic era. The development of functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) has been incorporated into management algorithms proposed by otolaryngologists, but the extent of its influence on plastic surgeons and oral and maxillofacial surgeons is heretofore unknown. A cross-sectional survey was performed to assess the practice pattern variations in frontal sinus fracture management across multiple surgical disciplines. A total of 298 surveys were reviewed...
June 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
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