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Successful aging

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531966/how-do-disturbances-and-climate-effects-on-carbon-and-water-fluxes-differ-between-multi-aged-and-even-aged-coniferous-forests
#1
Xuguang Tang, Hengpeng Li, Mingguo Ma, Li Yao, Matthias Peichl, Altaf Arain, Xibao Xu, Michael Goulden
Disturbances and climatic changes significantly affect forest ecosystem productivity, water use efficiency (WUE) and carbon (C) flux dynamics. A deep understanding of terrestrial feedbacks to such effects and recovery mechanisms in forests across contrasting climatic regimes is essential to predict future regional/global C and water budgets, which are also closely related to the potential forest management decisions. However, the resilience of multi-aged and even-aged forests to disturbances has been debated for >60years because of technical measurement constraints...
May 18, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531876/photofunctionalization-of-dental-zirconia-oxide-surface-modification-to-improve-bio-integration-preserving-crystal-stability
#2
Marco Roy, Alfonso Pompella, Jerzy Kubacki, Adam Piosik, Bronisław Psiuk, Joanna Klimontko, Jacek Szade, Robert A Roy, Wieslaw Hedzelek
The use of zirconium oxide in dental implantology is rapidly increasing as it is regarded as being more aesthetical and biologically friendly than titanium oxide. The interaction of titanium oxide with cells and proteins has proven to be significantly affected by the inevitable atmospheric hydrocarbon contamination, defined as biological ageing. The latter has proven to be effectively reversed by UVC irradiation. Crystal structures of both Zr and Ti oxides are very similar, thus also ZrO2 is prone to contamination by hydrocarbons...
May 12, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531653/characteristics-needs-and-experiences-of-u-s-veterans-on-a-specialized-prison-unit
#3
Jack Tsai, Elizabeth Goggin
The Veterans Service Unit (VSU) in Connecticut is one of several all-veterans prison units that are being created throughout the United States. This study examined the characteristics, needs, and experiences of veterans on the Connecticut VSU. This study utilized data from a quality improvement survey that was completed by 87 of the 110 veterans on the Connecticut VSU (79% response rate). The majority of veterans on the VSU were white, aged 41-56, never married, and had an honorable or general military discharge making them potentially eligible for Veterans Affairs (VA) healthcare upon release...
May 17, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531596/comparative-study-on-successful-aging-between-the-elderly-inhabitants-of-mani-and-those-living-on-the-mediterranean-islands-the-medis-study
#4
Alexandra Foscolou, Demosthenes Panagiotakos, Anargiros Mariolis, Stefanos Tyrovolas, Nikos Tsakountakis, Akis Zeimbekis, Vassiliki Bountziouka, Efthimios Gotsis, George Metallinos, Dimitra Tyrovola, Antonia-Leda Matalas, Christos Lionis, Evangelos Polychronopoulos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531396/translation-and-adaptation-of-the-nutric-score-to-identify-critically-ill-patients-who-benefit-the-most-from-nutrition-therapy
#5
Mariane Rosa, Daren K Heyland, Daieni Fernandes, Estela I Rabito, Manoela L Oliveira, Aline Marcadenti
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Due to the scarcity of tools to assess the nutritional risk in critically ill patients, the NUTrition Risk in the Critically ill Score (NUTRIC Score) was developed and validated primarily in a limited population to quantify the risk of adverse events that may be modified by aggressive nutrition therapy. The objective of this study was to translate and adapt the NUTRIC Score into Portuguese language for further demonstrate its feasibility and clinical utility in Brazilian Intensive Care Units (ICUs)...
August 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530775/a-surgical-approach-to-iatrogenic-vascular-injuries-in-pediatric-cases
#6
Yüksel Beşir, Orhan Gökalp, Börteçin Eygi, Banu Bahriye Lafcı, Gamze Gökalp, Levent Yılık, Hasan İner, Ali Gürbüz
BACKGROUND: Surgical intervention is mandatory in many children who present with vascular trauma or in complicated cases after medical interventions. In this study, surgical interventions applied after vascular injuries in children were analyzed. METHODS: Between January 2002 and December 2012, 17 patients (aged under 18) who were admitted to the emergency room with vascular injuries were retrospectively analyzed. The data was collected through hospital records...
May 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530647/stage-of-liver-fibrosis-in-patients-with-congenital-bleeding-disorders-and-infected-with-hepatitis-c-virus
#7
Marta Kucharska, Urszula Zaleska-Dorobisz, Aleksandra Szymczak, Marcin Inglot, Weronika Rymer, Małgorzata Zalewska, Krzysztof Małyszczak, Małgorzata Kuliszkiewicz-Janus, Małgorzata Inglot
INTRODUCTION    Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is the major cause of chronic liver disease in patients with hemophilia. As liver biopsy should not be routinely used in them, possibilities of accurate assessment of the fibrosis stage have been very limited until recently. OBJECTIVES    The aim of the study was to determine the stage of liver fibrosis in HCV-infected hemophiliacs with use of non-invasive methods of fibrosis assessment and to analyze the influence of risk factors on liver fibrosis.  PATIENTS AND METHODS    The study included 71 HCV-infected patients with hemophilia and other congenital bleeding disorders...
May 22, 2017: Polish Archives of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530625/-robot-assisted-and-laparoscopic-pyeloplasty
#8
Juan Ignacio Pascual-Piédrola, Imanol Merino-Narro, Mateo Hevia-Suárez, Francisco Javier Ancizu-Marckert, Ángel García-Cortés, Pablo Domenech-López
OBJECTIVES: Uretero-pelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction has been classically treated by open dismembered pyeloplasty. Recently, laparoscopic (LP) and robotic pyeloplasty (RP) have become the techniques of choice for the treatment of UPJ stenosis in adult and pediatric population. Our objective in this paper is to review the results of minimally invasive surgery as the treatment of UPJ obstruction, the trend to use these approaches and the current limits of LP and RP. METHODS: A review of most relevant papers and meta-analysis about LP and RP in pediatric and adult population was performed using PubMed...
May 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530327/-clinical-aspects-of-intrauterine-insemination
#9
REVIEW
Eliezer Girsh, Semion Meltzer, Buzhena Saar-Ryss, Gad Liberty, Jaakov Rabinson, Shevach Friedler
Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is an intervention performed frequently in the treatment of couples suffering from subfertility and women treated using donor sperm. The factors predicting its success include female parameters such as age and ovarian function and male parameters such as sperm quality. However, many details regarding its clinical application such as the methodology of sperm preparation, timing of IUI, the number of inseminations in the same cycle, the recommended number of cycles to be performed and the minimal threshold values of the sperm sample profile required are controversial...
August 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530108/twelve-day-quintuple-regime-containing-four-antibiotics-as-a-rescue-therapy-for-helicobacter-pylori-eradication-in-the-central-region-of-portugal
#10
Diogo Branquinho, Nuno Miguel Peres de Almeida, Carlos Gregório, Adriano Casela, Maria Manuel Donato, Luís Tomé
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori eradication rates with standard triple therapy in many countries are clinically unacceptable. Fluoroquinolone resistance is increasing and jeopardizing second-line regimens. There is a growing need for an effective strategy in patients who failed previous therapies. METHODS: This is a single-center, non-randomized clinical study conducted in the central region of Portugal. Sixty-four patients were included with a positive 13C-urea breath test (UBT) or histology for H...
May 22, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530086/-trial-of-labor-after-cesarean-in-twin-gestations-does-it-increase-maternal-or-neonatal-complications
#11
Hagit Diamant, Rania Okby, Majdi Imterat, Ruslan Sergienko, Eyal Sheiner
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the rate, success and pregnancy outcome following a trial of labor after cesarean (TOLAC) in twin gestations. Study design: A retrospective study including all twin pregnancies with a single prior cesarean delivery between the years 2006 to 2011 was performed. Women with medical indications for cesarean delivery (CD) were excluded. Maternal and neonatal outcomes were compared between women who delivered by CD to those who underwent TOLAC. Stratified analysis using a multiple logistic regression model was performed to control for confounders...
September 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530043/the-happy-teen-programme-a-holistic-outpatient-clinic-based-approach-to-prepare-hiv-infected-youth-for-the-transition-from-paediatric-to-adult-medical-care-services-in-thailand
#12
Rangsima Lolekha, Vitharon Boon-Yasidhi, Yossawadee Na-Nakorn, Boonying Manaboriboon, Warunee Punpanich Vandepitte, Michael Martin, Jariya Tarugsa, Wipada Nuchanard, Pimsiri Leowsrisook, Ketwadee Lapphra, Piyarat Suntarattiwong, Vorapathu Thaineua, Kulkanya Chokephaibulkit
INTRODUCTION: We developed an 18-month Happy Teen 2 (HT2) programme comprised of a one-day workshop, two half-day sessions, and three individual sessions to prepare HIV-infected youth for the transition from paediatric to adult HIV care services. We describe the programme and evaluate the change in youth's knowledge scores. METHODS: We implemented the HT2 programme among HIV-infected Thai youth aged 14-22 years who were aware of their HIV status and receiving care at two hospitals in Bangkok (Siriraj Hospital, Queen Sirikit National Institute of Child Health [QSNICH])...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530040/adolescents-with-hiv-and-transition-to-adult-care-in-the-caribbean-central-america-and-south-america-eastern-europe-and-asia-and-pacific-regions
#13
Heather Bailey, Maria Letícia Santos Cruz, Wipaporn Natalie Songtaweesin, Thanyawee Puthanakit
INTRODUCTION: The HIV epidemics in the Caribbean, Central America and South America (CCASA), Eastern Europe (EE) and Asia and Pacific (AP) regions are diverse epidemics affecting different key populations in predominantly middle-income countries. This narrative review describes the populations of HIV-positive youth approaching adolescence and adulthood in CCASA, EE and AP, what is known of their outcomes in paediatric and adult care to date, ongoing research efforts and future research priorities...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530039/transition-from-paediatric-to-adult-care-of-adolescents-living-with-hiv-in-sub-saharan-africa-challenges-youth-friendly-models-and-outcomes
#14
Désiré Lucien Dahourou, Chloé Gautier-Lafaye, Chloe A Teasdale, Lorna Renner, Marcel Yotebieng, Sophie Desmonde, Samuel Ayaya, Mary-Ann Davies, Valériane Leroy
INTRODUCTION: The number of adolescents with perinatally or behaviourally acquired HIV is increasing in low-income countries, and especially in sub-Saharan Africa where HIV prevalence and incidence are the highest. As they survive into adulthood in the era of antiretroviral therapy, there is a pressing need to transfer them from paediatric to adult care, known as the transition of care. We conducted a narrative review of recent evidence on their transition outcomes in Africa, highlighting the specific needs and challenges in these populations and settings, and the different models of care for transition...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530037/where-do-hiv-infected-adolescents-go-after-transfer-tracking-transition-transfer-of-hiv-infected-adolescents-using-linkage-of-cohort-data-to-a-health-information-system-platform
#15
Mary-Ann Davies, Priscilla Tsondai, Nicki Tiffin, Brian Eley, Helena Rabie, Jonathan Euvrard, Catherine Orrell, Hans Prozesky, Robin Wood, Dolphina Cogill, Andreas D Haas, Annette H Sohn, Andrew Boulle
INTRODUCTION: To evaluate long-term outcomes in HIV-infected adolescents, it is important to identify ways of tracking outcomes after transfer to a different health facility. The Department of Health (DoH) in the Western Cape Province (WCP) of South Africa uses a single unique identifier for all patients across the health service platform. We examined adolescent outcomes after transfer by linking data from four International epidemiology Databases to Evaluate AIDS Southern Africa (IeDEA-SA) cohorts in the WCP with DoH data...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529938/senescence-inflammatory-regulation-of-reparative-cellular-reprogramming-in-aging-and-cancer
#16
Javier A Menendez, Tomás Alarcón
The inability of adult tissues to transitorily generate cells with functional stem cell-like properties is a major obstacle to tissue self-repair. Nuclear reprogramming-like phenomena that induce a transient acquisition of epigenetic plasticity and phenotype malleability may constitute a reparative route through which human tissues respond to injury, stress, and disease. However, tissue rejuvenation should involve not only the transient epigenetic reprogramming of differentiated cells, but also the committed re-acquisition of the original or alternative committed cell fate...
2017: Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529867/efficacy-of-antibiotic-suppressive-therapy-in-patients-with-a-prosthetic-joint-infection
#17
Marjan Wouthuyzen-Bakker, Jasperina M Nijman, Greetje A Kampinga, Sander van Assen, Paul C Jutte
Introduction: For chronic prosthetic joint infections (PJI), complete removal of the infected prosthesis is necessary in order to cure the infection. Unfortunately, a subgroup of patients is not able to undergo a revision surgery due to high surgical risk. Alternatively, these patients can be treated with antibiotic suppressive therapy (AST) to suppress the infection. Aim: To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of AST. Methods: We retrospectively collected data (period 2009-2015) from patients with a PJI (of hip, knee or shoulder) who were treated with AST at the University Medical Center Groningen, the Netherlands...
2017: J Bone Jt Infect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529685/computed-tomography-guided-catheter-drainage-with-urokinase-and-ozone-in-management-of-empyema
#18
Bing Li, Chuan Liu, Yang Li, Han-Feng Yang, Yong Du, Chuan Zhang, Hou-Jun Zheng, Xiao-Xue Xu
AIM: To retrospectively compare the outcomes of catheter drainage, urokinase and ozone in management of empyema. METHODS: Retrospective study included 209 patients (111 males and 98 females; age range 19 to 72 years) who were diagnosed with empyema. The patients were divided into 3 groups based on the therapy instituted: catheter drainage only (group I); catheter drainage and urokinase (group II); catheter drainage, urokinase and ozone (group III). Drainage was considered successful if empyema was resolved with closure of cavity, clinical symptoms were resolved, and need for any further surgical procedure was avoided...
April 28, 2017: World Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529533/low-expression-of-cd39-and-cd73-genes-in-centenarians-compared-with-octogenarians
#19
Almudena Crooke, Juan Martínez-Henández, Joaquín Martínez-López, Alfonso Cruz-Jentoft, Fernando Huete-Toral, Jesús Pintor
Ageing involves a progressive decline of the body's regulatory systems including immune system. Adenosine regulates immune function by interaction with its receptors, mainly adenosine A2A receptor, present on the surface of immune cells. Furthermore, cellular response to this nucleoside is highly dependent on its extracellular concentration that is regulated by ecto-enzymes such as CD39 and CD73. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of age on adenosine A2A receptor, CD39 and CD73 gene expression...
2017: Immunity & Ageing: I & A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529496/treatment-of-the-mal-de-debarquement-syndrome-a-1-year-follow-up
#20
Mingjia Dai, Bernard Cohen, Catherine Cho, Susan Shin, Sergei B Yakushin
The mal de debarquement syndrome (MdDS) is a movement disorder, occurring predominantly in women, is most often induced by passive transport on water or in the air (classic MdDS), or can occur spontaneously. MdDS likely originates in the vestibular system and is unfamiliar to many physicians. The first successful treatment was devised by Dai et al. (1), and over 330 MdDS patients have now been treated. Here, we report the outcomes of 141 patients (122 females and 19 males) treated 1 year or more ago. We examine the patient's rocking frequency, body drifting, and nystagmus...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
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