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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646712/prediction-of-vocational-participation-and-global-role-functioning-in-help-seeking-young-adults-from-neurocognitive-demographic-and-clinical-variables
#1
Alice J Cairns, David J Kavanagh, Frances Dark, Steven M McPhail
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate neurocognitive, demographic and clinical correlates of vocational participation among a sample of young help-seeking adults. METHODS: Young people (18-25 years) accessing an early intervention youth health service participated. The Global Functioning: Role scale and level of vocational participation, participant characteristics (age, gender, socioeconomic background and family history of serious mental illness), distress, psychotic-like experiences, substance use, and mental health diagnoses were recorded...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645694/-comparative-analysis-effectiveness-of-nicotine-addiction-treatment-in-people-with-psychiatric-comorbidity
#2
R Godoy, F J Callejas, J Cruz, A I Tornero, P J Tárraga, J A Rodríguez-Montes
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether or not nicotine addiction treatment was less effective in psychiatric than in the healthy population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective, descriptive and comparative cohort study was conducted in Albacete University Hospital during years 2008-2012 on all patients that attended the Tobacco Cessation Unit. The statistical tests used were Chi-squared, likelihood ratio, and the Student t test. Statistical significance P≤.05. RESULTS: The study included a total of 1,484 patients, of which 48...
June 20, 2017: Semergen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645680/collection-processing-and-freezing-of-equine-bone-marrow-cells
#3
Fernanda Z Bastos, Fernanda C M Barussi, Thasla F Santi, Bianca P Vieira, Alexandra C Senegaglia, Fernanda F Cruz, Pedro V Michelotto
There is no consensus on aspects of equine bone marrow collection and processing. The study aimed to describe the collection of large volumes of bone marrow from horses of advanced age, with emphasis on bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMCs) recovery and viability after cryopreservation. Fourteen horses, aged 3-24 years, were divided into three experiments. E1 studied the feasibility of collecting 200 mL from the sternums of horses of advanced age; E2 examined the number of cells obtained from the first and last syringe of each puncture; and E3 investigated the influence of heparin concentration on the prevention of cell aggregation, and cell viability after freezing in liquid nitrogen...
June 20, 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645679/percutaneous-management-of-benign-biliary-disorders-in-children
#4
G Kahriman, N Ozcan, S B Gorkem
PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to analyze the outcomes of percutaneous transhepatic management of benign biliary disorders in pediatric patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 11 pediatric patients who underwent percutaneous transhepatic biliary interventional procedures between September 2007 and December 2016. There were 3 males and 8 females with a mean age of 9.6±5.4 (SD)years (range: 2-17years). Technical details, complications and outcome of the procedures were evaluated...
June 20, 2017: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645568/predictors-of-successful-telephone-follow-up-in-a-multicenter-study-of-infants-with-severe-bronchiolitis
#5
Vickie Wu, Nora Abo-Sido, Janice A Espinola, Courtney N Tierney, Kathleen T Tedesco, Ashley F Sullivan, Carlos A Camargo
PURPOSE: To identify the characteristics that predict successful telephone follow-up with parents of infants with severe bronchiolitis. METHODS: We analyzed data from a 17-center, prospective cohort study of infants (age <1 year) hospitalized with bronchiolitis during three consecutive fall/winter seasons. Participant contact information and clinical data were collected during the index hospitalization. Parents were called at 6-month intervals (based on the child's age) after discharge to assess respiratory problems...
June 5, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645552/mortality-following-augmentation-cystoplasty-a-transitional-urologist-s-viewpoint
#6
REVIEW
D A Husmann
INTRODUCTION: Three complications have been hypothesized to increase patient mortality following enterocystoplasty: spontaneous bladder perforation, bladder neoplasia, and chronic renal failure (CRF). The present study examined risk of their occurrence and discussed ways to improve the quality of care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present transitional clinic followed 385 patients with a history of bladder augmentation using either ileal, sigmoid, or ascending colon...
June 3, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645469/transcatheter-mitral-valve-repair-with-mitraclip-for-symptomatic-functional-mitral-valve-regurgitation
#7
REVIEW
Rodrigo Mendirichaga, Vikas Singh, Vanessa Blumer, Manuel Rivera, Alex P Rodriguez, Mauricio G Cohen, William W O'Neill, Sammy Elmariah
Transcatheter edge-to-edge mitral valve repair (TMVr) with MitraClip has proved to be safe and effective for high-risk surgical patients with severe symptomatic degenerative mitral regurgitation. There is paucity of data regarding its use in functional mitral regurgitation (FMR). The objective of this study was to evaluate the use of MitraClip in patients with symptomatic moderate or severe FMR and a high surgical risk. Medical libraries were systematically searched for studies assessing the use of MitraClip for patients with symptomatic moderate or severe FMR and a high surgical risk...
May 30, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645308/neonatal-aav-delivery-of-alpha-synuclein-induces-pathology-in-the-adult-mouse-brain
#8
Marion Delenclos, Ayman H Faroqi, Mei Yue, Aishe Kurti, Monica Castanedes-Casey, Linda Rousseau, Virginia Phillips, Dennis W Dickson, John D Fryer, Pamela J McLean
Abnormal accumulation of alpha-synuclein (αsyn) is a pathological hallmark of Lewy body related disorders such as Parkinson's disease and Dementia with Lewy body disease. During the past two decades, a myriad of animal models have been developed to mimic pathological features of synucleinopathies by over-expressing human αsyn. Although different strategies have been used, most models have little or no reliable and predictive phenotype. Novel animal models are a valuable tool for understanding neuronal pathology and to facilitate development of new therapeutics for these diseases...
June 23, 2017: Acta Neuropathologica Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645039/fundamental-causes-of-accelerated-declines-in-colorectal-cancer-mortality-modeling-multiple-ways-that-disadvantage-influences-mortality-risk
#9
Sean A P Clouston, Marcie S Rubin, David Chae, Jeremy Freese, Barbara Nemesure, Bruce G Link
BACKGROUND: Improvements in colorectal cancer (CRC) mortality reflect the distribution of effective preventions. Social inequalities often generate unequal diffusion of medical interventions, resulting in disparate outcomes while preventions are being disseminated throughout the population. This study used a novel method to examine whether Race (Black versus White) and SES influenced when rates of CRC mortality started to decline, and how rapidly they did so. METHOD: Mortality counts from 1968-2010 were derived from death certificates of U...
June 13, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644969/premotor-symptoms-and-the-risk-of-parkinson-s-disease-a-case-control-study-in-mexican-population
#10
Mayela Rodríguez-Violante, Adib Jorge de Saráchaga, Amin Cervantes-Arriaga, Ned Merari Davila-Avila, Edith Carreón-Bautista, Ingrid Estrada-Bellmann, Guillermo Parra-López, Diego Cruz-Fino, Francisco Pascasio-Astudillo
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of pre-motor symptoms and estimate the risk for developing Parkinson's disease in Mexican population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A case-control study was carried out with consecutive subjects with Parkinson's disease from two different referral centers in Mexico. Gender- and age-matched controls were randomly selected from the participating hospitals. All subjects were assessed using a structured questionnaire for the assessment of pre-motor symptoms (hyposmia, depression, anxiety, constipation, and sleep disorders)...
June 15, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644948/traumatic-buccal-fat-pad-herniation-in-young-children-a-systematic-review-and-case-report
#11
Seon-Yeong Kim, Angenine Alfafara, Jin-Woo Kim, Sun-Jong Kim
PURPOSE: Traumatic herniation of a buccal fat pad, predominantly seen in young children, is a rare condition. Because of its rarity and clinical features that resemble tumors, clinicians are faced with challenges at the initial diagnosis. This report describes a case of buccal fat pad herniation with excellent long-term prognosis after surgical relocation and conservative treatment and presents a systematic review of the literature on its management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Through a PubMed search, 811 articles were initially identified...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644940/percutaneous-treatment-of-unstable-scaphoid-waist-fractures
#12
Andrew P Matson, Ryan M Garcia, Marc J Richard, Fraser J Leversedge, J Mack Aldridge, David S Ruch
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous techniques have been described for the treatment of nondisplaced scaphoid fractures, although less information has been reported about outcomes for unstable, displaced fractures. The aim of this study was to evaluate the union and complication rates following manual closed reduction and percutaneous screw placement for a consecutive series of unstable, displaced scaphoid fractures. METHODS: A total of 28 patients (average age, 27 years; 22 male/6 female) were treated for isolated unstable displaced scaphoid waist fractures...
July 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644937/predictors-of-recurrence-after-corticosteroid-injection-for-trigger-digits
#13
Louis C Grandizio, Amy Speeckaert, Justin Brothers, Jove Graham, Joel C Klena
BACKGROUND: We aimed to identify risk factors for recurrence of trigger digit following corticosteroid injection. METHODS: A retrospective review identified patients 18 years and older who presented to a single fellowship-trained hand surgeon with a symptomatic trigger digit during a 1-year period. Baseline demographic data were recorded. Patients with persistent trigger digit after a single injection were offered a second injection. Patients refusing a second injection were excluded from our analysis...
July 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644935/triquetrohamate-impaction-syndrome-an-unrecognized-cause-of-ulnar-sided-wrist-pain-its-presentation-further-defined
#14
Gary M Lourie, Colin Booth, Ross Nathan
BACKGROUND: The aim of this review was to further define the clinical condition triquetrohamate (TH) impaction syndrome (THIS), an entity underreported and missed often. Its presentation, physical findings, and treatment are presented. METHODS: Between 2009 and 2014, 18 patients were diagnosed with THIS. The age, sex, hand involved, activity responsible for symptoms, and defining characteristics were recorded. The physical findings, along with ancillary studies, were reviewed...
July 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644917/an-oxygen-isotope-chronometer-for-cellulose-deposition-the-successive-leaves-formed-by-tillers-of-a-c4-perennial-grass
#15
Hai Tao Liu, Fang Yang, Xiao Ying Gong, Rudi Schäufele, Hans Schnyder
Multiannual time series of (palaeo)hydrological information can be reconstructed from the oxygen isotope composition of cellulose (δ(18) OCel ) in biological archives, e.g. tree-rings, but our ability to temporally resolve information at subannual scale is limited. We capitalized on the short and predictable leaf appearance interval (2.4 d) of a perennial C4 grass (Cleistogenes squarrosa), to assess its potential for providing highly time-resolved δ(18) OCel records of vapor pressure deficit (VPD). Plants grown at low (0...
June 23, 2017: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644859/grief-interventions-for-people-bereaved-by-suicide-a-systematic-review
#16
Katja Linde, Julia Treml, Jana Steinig, Michaela Nagl, Anette Kersting
BACKGROUND: Adaption to the loss of a loved one due to suicide can be complicated by feelings of guilt, shame, responsibility, rejection, and stigmatization. Therefore people bereaved by suicide have an increased risk for developing complicated grief which is related to negative physical and mental disorders and an increased risk for suicidal behavior. Grief interventions are needed for this vulnerable population. The aim of this systematic review was to provide an overview of the current state of evidence concerning the effectiveness of interventions that focus on grief for people bereaved by suicide...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644796/design-of-an-autonomous-social-orienting-training-system-asots-for-young-children-with-autism
#17
Zhi Zheng, Qiang Fu, Huan Zhao, Amy R Swanson, Amy S Weitlauf, Zachary E Warren, Nilanjan Sarkar
Social communication is among the core areas of impairment for children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). The training of social orientation is important for improving social communication of children with ASD. In recent years, technology-assisted ASD intervention had gained momentum due to its potential advantages in terms of precision, sustainability, flexibility and cost. In this paper, we propose a closed-loop autonomous computer system, named ASOTS, for training social orientation skills to young children with ASD...
June 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644696/varicella-vaccination-the-global-experience
#18
Peter Wutzler, Paolo Bonanni, Margaret Burgess, Anne Gershon, Marco Aurélio Sáfadi, Giacomo Casabona
Introduction Varicella, although a frequently benign childhood disease, nevertheless represents a considerable health burden. WHO recommends including varicella vaccines in universal routine vaccination programs, and maintaining coverage >80%. Many countries have successfully introduced varicella vaccination and have benefited from lower disease burden, but many others have not adopted the vaccine. Reasons include cost commitment for a 'mild childhood disease' or concerns that vaccination will shift varicella to older age groups or increase herpes zoster incidence...
June 23, 2017: Expert Review of Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644568/treatment-of-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder-in-a-cohort-of-young-patients-in-a-partial-hospitalization-program-for-eating-disorders
#19
Rollyn M Ornstein, Jamal H Essayli, Terri A Nicely, Emily Masciulli, Susan Lane-Loney
OBJECTIVE: Avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) is a recently named condition to classify patients who present with restricted nutritional intake without body image distortion or fear of weight gain. We sought to compare treatment outcomes of patients with ARFID in a family-centered partial hospital program (PHP) to those with other eating disorders (ED). METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 130 patients 7 to 17 years of age admitted to the program from 2008 to 2012 was performed...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644442/linking-the-development-and-functioning-of-a-carnivorous-pitcher-plant-s-microbial-digestive-community
#20
David W Armitage
Ecosystem development theory predicts that successional turnover in community composition can influence ecosystem functioning. However, tests of this theory in natural systems are made difficult by a lack of replicable and tractable model systems. Using the microbial digestive associates of a carnivorous pitcher plant, I tested hypotheses linking host age-driven microbial community development to host functioning. Monitoring the yearlong development of independent microbial digestive communities in two pitcher plant populations revealed a number of trends in community succession matching theoretical predictions...
June 23, 2017: ISME Journal
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