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Gaspar Mestres
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March 1, 2018: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
Simon P Overeem, Esmé J Donselaar, Jorrit T Boersen, Erik Groot Jebbink, Cornelis H Slump, Jean-Paul P M de Vries, Michel M P J Reijnen
PURPOSE: To assess the dynamic behavior of chimney grafts during the cardiac cycle. METHODS: Three chimney endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) stent-graft configurations (Endurant and Advanta V12, Endurant and Viabahn, and Endurant and BeGraft) were placed in silicone aneurysm models and subjected to physiologic flow. Electrocardiography (ECG)-gated contrast-enhanced computed tomography was used to visualize geometric changes during the cardiac cycle. Endograft and chimney graft surface, gutter volume, chimney graft angulation over the center lumen line, and the D-ratio (the ratio between the lengths of the major and minor axes) were independently assessed by 2 observers at 10 time points in the cardiac cycle...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
Dorota Nieoczym, Katarzyna Socała, Piotr Wlaź
Ursolic acid (UA) is a plant derived compound which is also a component of the standard human diet. It possesses a wide range of pharmacological properties, i.e., antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial and antitumor, which have been used in folk medicine for centuries. Moreover, influence of UA on central nervous system-related processes, i.e., pain, anxiety and depression, was proved in experimental studies. UA also revealed anticonvulsant properties in animal models of epilepsy and seizures. The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of UA on seizure thresholds in three acute seizure models in mice, i...
March 14, 2018: Neurochemical Research
Daniel Silverberg, Uri Rimon, Daniel Raskin, Avner BarDayan, Moshe Halak
Background "Chimney" techniques with parallel grafts used in order to extend the landing zones in endovascular aneurysm repair (ch-EVAR) are increasingly being reported. Conflicting data has been reported regarding the success and durability of the repair. We report a single center experience and outcome using ch-EVAR in treating complex aortic pathologies. Methods We performed a retrospective review of all patients treated with ch-EVAR in our institution between 2013 and 2017. Data collected included patients demographics, indications for surgery, configuration of parallel grafts, technical success, and perioperative morbidity and mortality...
January 1, 2018: Vascular
Ombretta Martinelli, Mauro Fresilli, Luigi Irace, Salvatore Venosi, Jihad Jabbour, Veronica Picone, Debora Maruca, Alessia Di Girolamo, Bruno Gossetti
PURPOSE: To report the use of a Nellix endovascular aneurysm sealing (EVAS) device, to successfully treat a type Ia endoleak after an endovascular aortic repair (EVAR). CASE REPORT: A 70-years old man was diagnosed with a 90-mm aortic aneurysm, suspicious for being inflammatory. It was initially treated successfully, with a Medtronic Endurant (Medtronic, Minneapolis, MN). Five years after the index endovascular repair, an asymptomatic type Ia endoleak was detected on duplex ultrasound and computed tomographic angiogram...
March 1, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
William K M Lau, Cheng Yuan, Zhanqing Li
Using NASA MERRA2 daily data, we investigated the origin, maintenance and variability of the Asian Tropopause Aerosol Layer (ATAL) in relation to variations of the Asia Monsoon Anticyclone (AMA) during the summer of 2008. During May-June, abundant quantities of carbon monoxide (CO), carbonaceous aerosols (CA) and dusts are found in the mid- and upper troposphere over India and China, arising from enhanced biomass burning emissions, as well as westerly transport from the Middle East deserts. During July-August, large quantities of dusts transported from the deserts are trapped and accumulate over the southern and eastern foothills of the Tibetan Plateau...
March 2, 2018: Scientific Reports
Christos A Christakis, Paraskevi N Polymenakou, Manolis Mandalakis, Paraskevi Nomikou, Jon Bent Kristoffersen, Danai Lampridou, Georgios Kotoulas, Antonios Magoulas
In the original publication there is a mistake in the supplementary material. The correct supplementary material is provided in this correction article.
March 1, 2018: Extremophiles: Life Under Extreme Conditions
Andrés Reyes Valdivia, Africa Duque Santos, Julia Ocaña Guaita, Claudio Gandarias
Background  To report a case of a high-risk patient treated with hypogastric chimney and aortic endograft for a native infrarenal aorta aneurysmal degeneration, 20 years after an aortobifemoral bypass procedure for severe iliac occlusive disease. Methods  A two-stage procedure was planned. The first stage was right internal iliac artery (IIA) embolization and simple angioplasty of left IIA. The second stage consisted of aortouniiliac endograft with femoral crossover and left IIA chimney. Results  Femoral crossover complicated with early thrombosis, but a decision on conservative medical treatment with anticoagulation was made based on no rest pain or severe claudication...
March 2018: International Journal of Angiology: Official Publication of the International College of Angiology, Inc
Eléonore Frouin, Méline Bes, Bernard Ollivier, Marianne Quéméneur, Anne Postec, Didier Debroas, Fabrice Armougom, Gaël Erauso
The Bay of Prony, South of New Caledonia, represents a unique serpentinite-hosted hydrothermal field due to its coastal situation. It harbors both submarine and intertidal active sites, discharging hydrogen- and methane-rich alkaline fluids of low salinity and mild temperature through porous carbonate edifices. In this study, we have extensively investigated the bacterial and archaeal communities inhabiting the hydrothermal chimneys from one intertidal and three submarine sites by 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Kaptanıderya Tayfur, Mehmet Senel Bademci, Serkan Yazman, Murat Canyigit
Background Here, we report the mid-term results of endovascular treatment of isolated dissection of the abdominal aorta, which is a very rare pathology. Materials and methods A total of 11 patients (4 males (36.3%) and 7 females (63.6%)) aged 42-72 (mean, 60.3 ± 10.45) years with isolated dissection of the abdominal aorta underwent endovascular stent-graft treatment at our institution between August 2010 and September 2015. Eight patients were symptomatic, and the remaining three were asymptomatic. The asymptomatic patients had aortic aneurysms coexisting with dissection...
January 1, 2018: Vascular
Ashley J Williamson, Trissa Babrowski
INTRODUCTION: Endovascular approach to abdominal aortic aneurysm has increased in frequency over the last decade and is preferred by many practitioners and patients alike. However, its role in "complex" aneurysms with challenging anatomy, short neck length, or borderline landing zone for grafts is less well understood. Additionally, the endovascular role in complex urgent or emergent repairs has not been adequately studied. Several techniques have been developed in order to address these concerns and further the endovascular approach...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
J X Hing, J K Ch'ng, K H Tay, T T Chong
AIM: The Nellix was introduced to Asia in 2014. Data in Asians have been sparse. Two balloon expandable stents, each surrounded by a polymer-filled endobag are deployed in parallel to obliterate and seal the aneurysm. This paradigm shift to treating abdominal aortic aneurysms confers advantages for certain adverse aneurysm morphology that is outside the IFU for standard EVAR devices. We examine outcomes of fifteen Asian patients with concomitant infrarenal aortic and iliac artery aneurysms treated with the Nellix at our institution...
February 8, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Katarzyna Socała, Dorota Nieoczym, Mateusz Pieróg, Elżbieta Wyska, Małgorzata Szafarz, Urszula Doboszewska, Piotr Wlaź
Tadalafil, a selective phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor, is a long-acting oral agent for the treatment of erectile dysfunction of multiple etiologies. Although generalized tonic-clonic seizures were reported in a healthy man after taking tadalafil, the influence of tadalafil on seizure susceptibility has not been studied so far. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of tadalafil on seizure threshold as well as on the activity of some first- and second-generation antiepileptic drugs in three acute seizure tests in mice...
February 9, 2018: Neurotoxicity Research
George S Georgiadis, Christos Argyriou, Christina D Valsamidou, Alexandrina S Nikova, Miltos K Lazarides
PURPOSE: Unfavorable anatomy is one of the major limitations of endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) with specifically, adverse proximal neck morphology excluding many patients from receiving the standard endograft devices. Thoracic tube endografts have been used to overcome the issue of wide infrarenal necks, either as a sole device (single tubes or double tubes using the trombone technique) or as the proximal part of a bifurcated device fixed to the aortic bifurcation or infrarenally oriented...
February 5, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Poushali Das, Sayan Ganguly, Priti Prasanna Maity, Madhuparna Bose, Subhadip Mondal, Santanu Dhara, Amit Kumar Das, Susanta Banerjee, Narayan Ch Das
Proper waste disposal from household and restaurants is becoming an important and recurring waste-management concern. Herein, a method of upcycling of waste kitchen chimney oil has been adopted to prepare fluorescent multifunctional carbon quantum dots. These nanodots showed superior biocompatibility, excellent optical properties, water solubility and high yield. Preparation of C-dots from highly abundant carbon source of waste refusals is highly effective in commercial aspect as well as in reducing the immense environmental pollution...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
V Rao Parachuri, Amit Kumar Tripathy, Jyothi Mallikarjuna
Narrow mitral annulus is a common situation faced in adult patients. Choice of prosthetic valve in such cases is unclear. There are reported experiences with supra-annular mitral valve, Manouguian technique, "Chimney technique" with mechanical valve and Melody valve, the latter two being in children. We report a novel "Bio-Chimney" technique in which a bioprosthetic valve of a size appropriate for the patient is sutured to a polyester vascular graft which is then implanted to the native narrow mitral annulus in an adult patient with promising initial results...
February 2, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
R Takagi, X Z Yu, J S White, K Shibata, Y Kaneko, G Tatara, H M Rønnow, Y Tokura, S Seki
The real-space spin texture and the relevant magnetic parameters were investigated for an easy-axis noncentrosymmetric ferromagnet Cr_{11}Ge_{19} with Nowotny chimney ladder structure. Using Lorentz transmission electron microscopy, we report the formation of bi-Skyrmions, i.e., pairs of spin vortices with opposite magnetic helicities. The quantitative evaluation of the magnetocrystalline anisotropy and Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (DMI) proves that the magnetic dipolar interaction plays a more important role than the DMI on the observed bi-Skyrmion formation...
January 19, 2018: Physical Review Letters
Magnus Gålfalk, David Bastviken
Incomplete combustion processes lead to the formation of many gaseous byproducts that can be challenging to monitor in flue gas released via chimneys. This study presents ground-based remote sensing approaches to make greenhouse gas (GHG) flux measurements of methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) from a waste incineration chimney at distances of 150-200 m. The study found emission of N2O (corresponding to 30-40 t yr-1), which is a consequence of adding the reduction agent urea to decrease NOX emissions due to NOX regulation; a procedure that instead increases N2O emissions (which is approximately 300 times more potent as a GHG than CO2 on a 100-year time scale)...
January 31, 2018: Waste Management
Salvatore T Scali, Adam W Beck, Giovanni Torsello, Mario Lachat, Paul Kubilis, Frank J Veith, Jason T Lee, Konstantinos P Donas
OBJECTIVE: The ideal stent combination for chimney endovascular aneurysm repair remains undetermined. Therefore, we sought to identify optimal aortic and chimney stent combinations that are associated with the best outcomes by analyzing the worldwide collected experience in the PERformance of chImney technique for the treatment of Complex aortic pathoLogiES (PERICLES) registry. METHODS: The PERICLES registry was reviewed for patients with pararenal aortic disease electively treated from 2008 to 2014...
January 27, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Daniel C Fredrickson
The structural diversity of intermetallic phases poses a great challenge to chemical theory and materials design. In this Account, two examples are used to illustrate how a focus on the most complex of these structures (and their relationships to simpler ones) can reveal how chemical principles underlie structure for broad families of compounds. First, we show how experimental investigations into the Fe-Al-Si system, inspired by host-guest like features in the structure of Fe25Al78Si20, led to a theoretical approach to deriving isolobal analogies between molecular and intermetallic compounds and a more general electron counting rule...
January 31, 2018: Accounts of Chemical Research
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