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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432775/application-for-lower-facial-fat-reduction-and-tightening-by-static-type-monopolar-1-mhz-radio-frequency%C3%A2-for-body-contouring
#1
Jun Sugawara, Seiko Kou, Kenichi Kokubo, Aimi Kuroda, Yoshie Hashizume, Shinji Kobayashi, Jirou Maegawa, Toshihiko Satake
INTRODUCTION: Liposuction and mesotherapy are popular treatments for fat reduction of lower face, but because these treatments are invasive, a novel non-invasive treatment with similar or better efficacy has been sought. There are various devices such as CoolSculpt, laser, RF, and HIFU that are used as non-invasive treatments for fat reduction and body contouring, but these applications have not been applied to facial fat reduction. In this study, we selected Monopolar 1-MHz RF for body contouring to be applied for fat reduction and tightening of the lower face...
April 22, 2017: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432747/whole-body-adipose-tissue-and-lean-muscle-volumes-and-their-distribution-across-gender-and-age-mr-derived-normative-values-in-a-normal-weight-swiss-population
#2
Erika J Ulbrich, Daniel Nanz, Olof Dahlqvist Leinhard, Magda Marcon, Michael A Fischer
PURPOSE: To determine age- and gender-dependent whole-body adipose tissue and muscle volumes in healthy Swiss volunteers in Dixon MRI in comparison with anthropometric and bioelectrical impedance (BIA) measurements. METHODS: Fat-water-separated whole-body 3 Tesla MRI of 80 healthy volunteers (ages 20 to 62 years) with a body mass index (BMI) of 17.5 to 26.2 kg/m(2) (10 men, 10 women per decade). Age and gender-dependent volumes of total adipose tissue (TAT), visceral adipose tissue (VAT), total abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue (ASAT) and total abdominal adipose tissue (TAAT), and the total lean muscle tissue (TLMT) normalized for body height were determined by semi-automatic segmentation, and correlated with anthropometric and BIA measurements as well as lifestyle parameters...
April 22, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432681/retrospective-single-center-study-of-the-efficacy-of-large-spot-532%C3%A2-nm-laser-for-the-treatment-of-facial-capillary-malformations-in-44-patients-with-the-use-of-three-dimensional-image-analysis
#3
Bartłomiej Kwiek, Michał Rożalski, Cezary Kowalewski, Marcin Ambroziak
OBJECTIVE: We wanted to asses the efficacy of large spot 532 nm laser for the treatment of facial capillary malformations with the use of three-dimensional (3D) image analysis. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Retrospective single center study on previously non-treated patients with facial capillary malformations (CM) was performed. A total of 44 consecutive Caucasian patients aged 5-66 were included. Patients had 3D photography performed before and after and had at least one single session of treatment with 532 nm neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG) laser with contact cooling, fluencies ranging from 8 to 11...
April 22, 2017: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431645/lopez-pm-islam-n-feinberg-a-myers-c-seidl-l-drackett-e-riley-l-mata-a-pinzon-j-benjamin-e-wyka-k-dannefer-r-lopez-j-trinh-shevrin-c-maybank-ka-thorpe-le-a-place-based-community-health-worker-program-feasibility-and-early-outcomes-new-york-city-2015-am-j-prev
#4
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430098/building-physician-networks-as-part-of-the-zika-response
#5
Nia Heard-Garris, Sanjeev Arora, Nicole Lurie
The global community needs to easily identify and respond to new and reemerging threats, such as H1N1, Ebola, and most recently Zika. Clinicians are often the first-line providers to recognize these threats, but yet have few opportunities to learn from each other in real time. In this concept article, we describe the ways clinical information is traditionally shared during a public health emergency and then introduce new mechanisms to facilitate physician communication and learning as a part of the response to Zika...
April 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430097/zika-virus-update-more-on-an-emerging-arboviral-disease-in-the-western-hemisphere
#6
Kelly G Vest
Zika virus has captivated the world with its quick spread throughout the Western Hemisphere. Increased emphasis has been placed on the infection of pregnant women and subsequent adverse and severe effects in the developing fetus and newborn. This article supplements a previous article and provides updated information on new and evolving evidence that strengthens the association between Zika virus and unique congenital and neurologic diseases, updates what is known about the epidemiology of the disease, and provides new and updated material for primary care providers as they counsel patients who may be exposed or infected...
April 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430096/psychological-distress-and-the-risk-of-withdrawing-from-hypertension-treatment-after-an-earthquake-disaster
#7
Naoki Nakaya, Tomohiro Nakamura, Naho Tsuchiya, Akira Narita, Ichiro Tsuji, Atsushi Hozawa, Hiroaki Tomita
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the association between psychological distress and the risk of withdrawing from hypertension treatment (HTTx) 1 year after the earthquake disaster in the coastal area affected by the Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE). METHODS: Using cross-sectional data from 2012, we studied people over 20 years of age living in Shichigahama Town, Miyagi, on the northeastern coast of Japan, which had been severely inundated by the tsunami that followed the GEJE in 2011...
April 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430095/window-of-opportunity-for-new-disease-surveillance-developing-keyword-lists-for-monitoring-mental-health-and-injury-through-syndromic-surveillance
#8
Ursula Lauper, Jian-Hua Chen, Shao Lin
Studies have documented the impact that hurricanes have on mental health and injury rates before, during, and after the event. Since timely tracking of these disease patterns is crucial to disaster planning, response, and recovery, syndromic surveillance keyword filters were developed by the New York State Department of Health to study the short- and long-term impacts of Hurricane Sandy. Emergency department syndromic surveillance is recognized as a valuable tool for informing public health activities during and immediately following a disaster...
April 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430094/predictors-for-the-number-of-warning-information-sources-during-tornadoes
#9
Zhen Cong, Jianjun Luo, Daan Liang, Ali Nejat
People may receive tornado warnings from multiple information sources, but little is known about factors that affect the number of warning information sources (WISs). This study examined predictors for the number of WISs with a telephone survey on randomly sampled residents in Tuscaloosa, Alabama, and Joplin, Missouri, approximately 1 year after both cities were struck by violent tornadoes (EF4 and EF5) in 2011. The survey included 1006 finished interviews and the working sample included 903 respondents. Poisson regression and Zero-Inflated Poisson regression showed that older age and having an emergency plan predicted more WISs in both cities...
April 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429280/synergistic-anti-cancer-effects-of-epigenetic-drugs-on-medulloblastoma-cells
#10
Juan Yuan, Núria Llamas Luceño, Bjoern Sander, Monika M Golas
PURPOSE: Medulloblastomas are aggressive brain malignancies. While considerable progress has been made in the treatment of medulloblastoma patients with respect to overall survival, these patients are still at risk of developing neurologic and cognitive deficits as a result of anti-cancer therapies. It is hypothesized that targeted molecular therapies represent a better treatment option for medulloblastoma patients. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to test a panel of epigenetic drugs for their effect on medulloblastoma cells under mild hypoxic conditions that reflect the physiological concentrations of oxygen in the brain...
April 20, 2017: Cellular Oncology (Dordrecht)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429195/computer-assisted-diagnosis-system-for-breast-cancer-in-computed-tomography-laser-mammography-ctlm
#11
Afsaneh Jalalian, Syamsiah Mashohor, Rozi Mahmud, Babak Karasfi, M Iqbal Saripan, Abdul Rahman Ramli
Computed tomography laser mammography (Eid et al. Egyp J Radiol Nucl Med, 37(1): p. 633-643, 1) is a non-invasive imaging modality for breast cancer diagnosis, which is time-consuming and challenging for the radiologist to interpret the images. Some issues have increased the missed diagnosis of radiologists in visual manner assessment in CTLM images, such as technical reasons which are related to imaging quality and human error due to the structural complexity in appearance. The purpose of this study is to develop a computer-aided diagnosis framework to enhance the performance of radiologist in the interpretation of CTLM images...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427926/effects-of-home-based-supportive-care-on-improvements-in-physical-function-and-depressive-symptoms-in-stroke-patients-a-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Hui-Chuan Huang, Yi-Chieh Huang, Mei-Feng Lin, Wen-Hsuan Hou, Meei-Ling Shyu, Hsiao-Yean Chiu, Hsiu-Ju Chang
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of home-based supportive care on improvements in physical function and depressive symptoms in home-dwelling patients after a stroke. DATA SOURCES: Seven electronic databases (e.g., Medline, PubMed, CINAL, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, ProQuest, and Google Scholar) and four Chinese database (e.g.,Wanfang med online, Chinese Electronic Periodical Services, China Integrated Knowledge Resources Database, and National Central Library) were fully searched for all relevant articles up to June 25, 2016...
April 17, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427766/evaluation-of-a-model-of-integrated-care-for-patients-with-chronic-medical-and-psychiatric-illness
#13
Aghaegbulam Uga, Shreedhar Kulkarni, Vineka Heeramun, Kathy Bottum
BACKGROUND: Chronic illnesses are prevalent in general medical and psychiatric practices, causing significant disease burden to care givers and providers. Systems of care that treat individuals with mental illness are often separate from general medical systems of care. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to compare the quality of life, satisfaction with care, and utilization of care in patients with comorbid chronic medical and mental illnesses. METHODS: A total of 64 participants from an integrated medicine and psychiatry clinic (med/psych), were compared with 52 patients from separate internal medicine and psychiatry clinics (within the same institution) for quality of life, satisfaction with care, and utilization of care...
February 20, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427545/corrigendum-to-efficacy-and-safety-comparison-fluticasone-furoate-and-fluticasone-propionate-after-step-down-from-fluticasone-furoate-vilanterol-in-japanese-patients-with-well-controlled-asthma-a-randomized-trial-respir-med-120-november-2016-78-86
#14
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427481/triage-and-the-lost-art-of-decoding-vital-signs-restoring-physiologically-based-triage-skills-in-complex-humanitarian-emergencies
#15
Frederick M Burkle
Triage management remains a major challenge, especially in resource-poor settings such as war, complex humanitarian emergencies, and public health emergencies in developing countries. In triage it is often the disruption of physiology, not anatomy, that is critical, supporting triage methodology based on clinician-assessed physiological parameters as well as anatomy and mechanism of injury. In recent times, too many clinicians from developed countries have deployed to humanitarian emergencies without the physical exam skills needed to assess patients without the benefit of remotely fed electronic monitoring, laboratory, and imaging studies...
April 21, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427311/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-a-clinic-based-mediterranean-style-diet-intervention-to-reduce-cardiovascular-risk-for-hispanic-americans-with-type-2-diabetes
#16
Laura Cubillos, Yanire Estrada Del Campo, Khalil Harbi, Thomas Keyserling, Carmen Samuel-Hodge, Daniel S Reuland
Purpose The purpose of the study was to modify a previously tested Spanish language version of a Mediterranean (Med)-style dietary intervention so that the dietary recommendations align with the cultural and social needs of Hispanic Americans (HAs) with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and evaluate the modified intervention's feasibility and acceptability. Methods In phase I (formative), semi-structured interviews and focus groups were used to refine the intervention content and format for delivery to HAs with T2D receiving care at a large primary care practice...
April 1, 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426719/transcriptome-of-interstitial-cells-of-cajal-reveals-unique-and-selective-gene-signatures
#17
Moon Young Lee, Se Eun Ha, Chanjae Park, Paul J Park, Robert Fuchs, Lai Wei, Brian G Jorgensen, Doug Redelman, Sean M Ward, Kenton M Sanders, Seungil Ro
Transcriptome-scale data can reveal essential clues into understanding the underlying molecular mechanisms behind specific cellular functions and biological processes. Transcriptomics is a continually growing field of research utilized in biomarker discovery. The transcriptomic profile of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC), which serve as slow-wave electrical pacemakers for gastrointestinal (GI) smooth muscle, has yet to be uncovered. Using copGFP-labeled ICC mice and flow cytometry, we isolated ICC populations from the murine small intestine and colon and obtained their transcriptomes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426162/motion-corrected-simultaneous-cardiac-positron-emission-tomography-and-coronary-mr-angiography-with-high-acquisition-efficiency
#18
Camila Munoz, Radhouene Neji, Gastão Cruz, Andrew Mallia, Sami Jeljeli, Andrew J Reader, Rene M Botnar, Claudia Prieto
PURPOSE: Develop a framework for efficient free-breathing simultaneous whole-heart coronary magnetic resonance angiography (CMRA) and cardiac positron emission tomography (PET) on a 3 Tesla PET-MR system. METHODS: An acquisition that enables nonrigid motion correction of both CMRA and PET has been developed. The proposed method estimates translational motion from low-resolution 2D MR image navigators acquired at each heartbeat and 3D nonrigid respiratory motion between different respiratory bins from the CMRA data itself...
April 20, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426147/propagation-of-error-from-parameter-constraints-in-quantitative-mri-example-application-of-multiple-spin-echo-t2-mapping
#19
Christopher L Lankford, Mark D Does
PURPOSE: Quantitative MRI may require correcting for nuisance parameters which can or must be constrained to independently measured or assumed values. The noise and/or bias in these constraints propagate to fitted parameters. For example, the case of refocusing pulse flip angle constraint in multiple spin echo T2 mapping is explored. METHODS: An analytical expression for the mean-squared error of a parameter of interest was derived as a function of the accuracy and precision of an independent estimate of a nuisance parameter...
April 20, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422406/comparability-of-three-output-prediction-models-for-a-compact-passively-double-scattered-proton-therapy-system
#20
Sven Ferguson, Yong Chen, Clara Ferreira, Mohammad Islam, Vance P Keeling, Andy Lau, Salahuddin Ahmad, Hosang Jin
The purpose of this study was to investigate comparability of three output prediction models for a compact double-scattered proton therapy system. Two published output prediction models are commissioned for our Mevion S250 proton therapy system. Model A is a correction-based model (Sahoo et al., Med Phys, 2008;35(11):5088-5097) and model B is an analytical model which employs a function of r = (R'-M')/M' (Kooy et al., Phys Med Biol, 2005;50:5487-5456) where R' is defined as depth of distal 100% dose with straggling and M' is the width between distal 100% dose and proximal 100% dose with straggling instead of the theoretical definition due to more accurate output prediction...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
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