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Silke Helbig, Youssef Adel, Martin Leinung, Timo Stöver, Uwe Baumann, Tobias Weissgerber
OBJECTIVE: This study reviewed outcomes of hearing preservation (HP) surgery depending on the angle of insertion (AOI) in a cochlear implant (CI) patient population who used electric stimulation (ES) or combined electric-acoustic stimulation (EAS). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case review. SETTING: Tertiary referral university hospital. PATIENTS: Ninety-one patients with different degrees of preoperative low-frequency residual hearing who underwent HP surgery with a free-fitting lateral-wall electrode array (MED-EL Flex) with lengths ranging from 20...
June 15, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
Adam J Luippold, Nisha Charkoudian, Robert W Kenefick, Scott J Montain, Jason K W Lee, Ya Shi Teo, Samuel N Cheuvront
Background: Fluid intake during military training is prescribed based on the interactions among work rates, environmental conditions, and uniform configurations. The efficacy of this guidance has not been empirically assessed in over a decade. To determine the acceptability of the fluid intake guidance, sweat losses were measured in a variety of conditions with modern uniform/body armor configurations and were then compared to prescribed fluid intakes for each condition (workload, environment, clothing)...
April 18, 2018: Military Medicine
John L Hick, Judith L Bader, C Norman Coleman, Armin J Ansari, Arthur Chang, Adela Salame-Alfie, Dan Hanfling, John F Koerner
ABSTRACTOne of the biggest medical challenges after the detonation of a nuclear device will be implementing a strategy to assess the severity of radiation exposure among survivors and to triage them appropriately. Those found to be at significant risk for radiation injury can be prioritized to receive potentially lifesaving myeloid cytokines and to be evacuated to other communities with intact health care infrastructure prior to the onset of severe complications of bone marrow suppression. Currently, the most efficient and accessible triage method is the use of sequential complete blood counts to assess lymphocyte depletion kinetics that correlate with estimated whole-body dose radiation exposure...
July 31, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
(no author information available yet)
Lara A Boland and Vanessa R Barrs J Feline Med Surg 2017; 19: 933-947 Readers should note that the version of the article that appeared in print in September 2017 and online until June 2018 has been amended. The version now appearing online is the correct one. For information, the following amendments have been made to the original published version. The caption for Figure 6 on page 936 has been amended to 'Lithium heparin blood sample from the cat pictured in Figure 1. This was grossly lipaemic despite fasting, due to hypertriglyceridaemia, which occurs in approximately 7% of cats with HAC'...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Anne-Cathrine E Vissing, Christine Dierickx, Katrine E Karmisholt, Merete Haedersdal
BACKGROUND: Laser and intense pulsed light (IPL) are standard symptomatic treatments for superficial telangiectasias, but postoperative erythema, oedema, and pain may prolong downtime. OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether topical brimonidine reduces IPL-induced inflammation in patients with moderate to severe facial telangiectasias. METHODS: A randomized, two-centre, single-blinded, split-face trial on adjuvant brimonidine and air-cooling versus air-cooling alone (control) in 19 patients treated in Denmark (n = 10 patients) and Belgium (n = 9)...
June 17, 2018: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
Elisabeth Datz, Carmen Schönberger, Florian Zeman, Michael Koller, Mark Berneburg, Michael Landthaler, Sigrid Karrer, Ulrich Hohenleutner, Silvia Hohenleutner
BACKGROUND: Fractional ablative resurfacing is frequently used for treating atrophic and acne scars as well as for the early improvement of scars after surgery. No evidence-based clinical data on improving the appearance of skin grafts by fractional CO2 -laser resurfacing have been available so far. OBJECTIVES: The primary outcome parameter was the adaptation of the skin graft to the surrounding skin 2, 6, and 12 months after the second laser treatment. Secondary outcome parameters were melanin variation, skin roughness, resizing of the skin graft, and patient satisfaction with cosmetic results...
June 17, 2018: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
K K Davison, N Kitos, A Aftosmes-Tobio, T Ash, A Agaronov, M Sepulveda, J Haines
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 14, 2018: Preventive Medicine
Markus Reinthaler, Ann-Kathrin Ozga, David Sinning, Jonathan Curio, Haitham S Al-Hindwan, Johan Bäckemo Johansson, Friedrich Jung, Andreas Lendlein, Geraldine Rauch, Ulf Landmesser
BACKGROUND: Transcatheter foramen ovale closure (TPC) has emerged as a potential treatment option for patients with cryptogenic strokes and persistent foramen ovale (PFO). However, previous randomized controlled trials could hardly demonstrate any benefit compared to medical treatment (Med-Tx). Recently new data have become available which may change current practice of transcatheter PFO closure. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis comparing TPC and Med-Tx based on all available multicentric randomized controlled trials was performed...
July 2018: American Heart Journal
Wanqiu Yang, Timothy Sim, Ke Cui, Jun Zhang, Yanchun Yang, Xiaohong Ma
OBJECTIVE: Health care workers performing rescue tasks in large-scale disaster areas are usually challenged in terms of physical and mental endurance, which can affect their lifestyles. Nevertheless, data on whether health care workers tend to adopt healthy lifestyles after disasters are limited. This paper compares the adoption of healthy lifestyle behaviors among health care workers with that among non-health care workers in a postdisaster area. METHODS: This cross-sectional observational study was conducted in August 2016...
June 18, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Moin A Saleem
Soluble urokinase-type plasminogen activator -(suPAR) is an inflammatory signal with pleiotropic biological effects depending on context and post-translational modifications. Recently, [Hayek, et al: Nat Med 2017; 23: 945-953] it has been found that there is a link between suPAR and renal disease in several guises, and a key question is whether it is a driver or a marker of renal disease, and if so of which types of kidney damage. Subject of Review: Circulating suPAR has been postulated to cause acute proteinuric kidney disease, specifically focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS), though both the animal models and clinical data in the original reports have been challenged...
June 15, 2018: Nephron
Adiba Hassan, Jill S Blumenthal, Michael P Dube, Eric Ellorin, Katya Corado, David J Moore, Sheldon R Morris
OBJECTIVES: Rectal douching/enema (RD) is a common practice among men who have sex with men (MSM) in preparation for sex. RD can break down the rectal mucosal barrier and potentially affect the rectal microbiome. The objective of this study was to understand if RD is associated with acquiring rectal infections (RI) with rectal gonorrhoea (NG) and/or chlamydia (CT). METHODS: From 2013 to 2015, 395 adult HIV-uninfected MSM were enrolled in a randomised controlled study for pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) adherence with routine sexual risk survey and testing...
June 15, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
Christina Doukaki, Dr MedVet, Hugues Beaufrère, Dr Med Vet, Minh Huynh
International conferences on avian medicine and surgery aim to disseminate scientific and evidence-based information in the form of oral presentations and posters. Most manuscripts presented are printed in the conference proceedings as abstracts. Subsequent publication in a scientific peer-reviewed journal is the natural outcome of the research cycle, although studies have shown that the vast majority of conference abstracts are not published. The purpose of this study was to explore 1) the fate of abstracts presented in avian conferences (Association of Avian Veterinarians, European Association of Avian Veterinarians, International Conference on Avian Herpetological and Exotic Mammal Medicine) in the years 2011-2015, 2) assess the publication rate in peer-reviewed journals, 3) describe the time course of subsequent publication, and 4) identify factors associated with increased likelihood of publication...
June 2018: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
Hikaru Kato, Aika Kai, Tetsuro Kawabata, James D Sunderhaus, Timothy J McAfoos, Jennifer M Finefield, Yukihiko Sugimoto, Robert M Williams, Sachiko Tsukamoto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 11, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Yan Lin, Yi Kuang, Kai Li, Shuang Wang, Shuai Ji, Kuan Chen, Wei Song, Xue Qiao, Min Ye
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 11, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Chunhong Zhang, Junsheng Huo, Jing Sun, Jian Huang, Wei Piao, Jiyong Yin
OBJECTIVE: To explore the association between maternal MTHFR gene polymorphism( C677T) and neural tube defects in offspring through Meta-analysis in China. METHODS: CNKI, Pub Med, Web of Science, Chinese Wan Fang Data databases, CBM, VIP for published articles were searched from the time of Database establishment to July 5 th 2017. The search strategy was based on combinations of the English and/or Chinese keywords, 'MTHFR'and 'folate pathway'and 'polymorphism'or 'SNP'and'NTDs or Neural Tube Defects'...
March 2018: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
Judith Osok, Pius Kigamwa, Keng-Yen Huang, Nancy Grote, Manasi Kumar
BACKGROUND: Adolescent pregnancies present a great public health burden in Kenya and Sub-Saharan Africa (UNFPA, Motherhood in Childhood: Facing the challenge of Adolescent Pregnancy, 2013). The disenfranchisement from public institutions and services is further compounded by cultural stigma and gender inequality creating emotional, psychosocial, health, and educational problems in the lives of vulnerable pregnant adolescents (Int J Adolesc Med Health 15(4):321-9, 2003; BMC Public Health 8:83, 2008)...
June 15, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Lauren E O'Connor, Douglas Paddon-Jones, Amy J Wright, Wayne W Campbell
Background: A Mediterranean-style eating pattern (Mediterranean Pattern) is often described as being low in red meat. Research shows that lean, unprocessed red meat can be incorporated into healthy eating patterns to improve cardiometabolic disease (CMD) risk factors. Objective: We assessed the effects of consuming different amounts of lean, unprocessed red meat in a Mediterranean Pattern on CMD risk factors. We hypothesized that consuming a Mediterranean Pattern would improve CMD risk factors and that red meat intake would not influence these improvements...
June 13, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Tuerhongjiang Abudurexiti, Ling Qi, Aikeremujiang Muheremu, Aierken Amudong
Objective This study was performed to compare the effectiveness and safety of percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy (PELD) versus micro-endoscopic discectomy (MED) in the treatment of patients with lumbar disk herniation. Methods In total, 216 patients treated for lumbar disk herniation in our center from January 2016 to July 2017 were prospectively divided into two groups according to the treatment received. One group was treated with PELD and the other group was treated with MED. The surgical duration, intraoperative blood loss, total hospital stay, visual analog scale (VAS) pain score, and Oswestry disability index (ODI) score before and after the surgery were compared between the groups...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
Pooyan Rohani, Anna N Yaroslavsky, Xin Feng, Peter Jermain, Tarek Shaath, Victor A Neel
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Nonmelanoma skin cancers (NMSCs) are the most common malignancies in the United States. Surgery is the most common treatment for these tumors, but pre-operative identification of surgical margins is challenging. The objective in this study was to determine whether optical polarization imaging (OPI) could be used prior to surgery to detect the extent of subclinical tumor spread by monitoring disruption in collagen. MATERIALS AND METHODS: OPI is a non-invasive and rapid imaging modality that highlights the structure of dermal collagen...
June 14, 2018: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
Yosuke Ichihashi, Masaki Takagi, Tomohiro Ishii, Kenji Watanabe, Gen Nishimura, Tomonobu Hasegawa
Mutations in the cartilage oligomeric matrix protein ( COMP ) gene cause both pseudoachondroplasia (PSACH) and multiple epiphyseal dysplasia (MED). Most mutations in COMP are located in the region encoding type 3 thrombospondin like domain (TSP3D). We report two Japanese boys with PSACH who had different novel in-frame deletions in TSP3D. The result recapitulates previous reports in that the in-frame deletions in TSP3D preferentially caused PSACH rather than MED.
2018: Human Genome Variation
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