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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056558/spyral-htn-off-med-study-renal-denervation-in-the-spiral-orbits-of-current-results-and-future-studies
#1
EDITORIAL
Costas Tsioufis, Kyriakos Dimitriadis, Vasilios Papademetriou, Dimitrios Tousoulis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 19, 2017: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology: HJC, Hellēnikē Kardiologikē Epitheōrēsē
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056100/international-adoption-of-children-surviving-the-haitian-earthquake
#2
Julie Pascal, Marion Décombas-Marion, Véronique Poirier, Alexandre Lautrette, Emilie Rigal, Julie Sciauvaud, Bruno Pereira, André Labbe, Olivier Lesens
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate resilience and frequency of behavioral symptoms in Haitian children internationally adopted before and after the earthquake of January 12, 2010. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective quantitative study in 40 Haitian children. Families were also asked to participate in a qualitative study (individual interview at 18-24 months after the earthquake) and to complete State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and STAI for children (STAI-C) questionnaires...
October 23, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054490/cd21-lo-med-cd27-proinflammatory-b-cells-are-enriched-in-breast-cancer-patients-and-promote-antitumor-t-cell-responses
#3
Shiguang Zhu, Xingmiao Wang, Ji Wang, Jun Lin, Yizi Cong, Guangdong Qiao
Breast cancer is a common malignancy and a major cause of death in women worldwide. The immunomodulatory role of B cells is being increasingly recognized in autoimmune diseases and cancers. In recent years, immunotherapeutic strategies that upregulate the patient's own antitumor T cell responses have shown promise in treating solid tumors and are being developed for breast cancer. In this study, we discovered that the B cells in breast cancer patients were enriched with interferon (IFN)-γ-expressing cells and presented high potency for IFN-γ production...
October 17, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053760/notice-of-retraction-wansink-b-just-dr-payne-cr-can-branding-improve-school-lunches-arch-pediatr-adolesc-med-2012-166-10-967-968-jama-pediatr-doi-10-1001-archpediatrics-2012-999
#4
Brian Wansink, David R Just, Collin R Payne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 20, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052823/can-we-predict-mortality-in-patients-with-necrotizing-fasciitis-using-conventional-scoring-systems
#5
Necdet Fatih Yaşar, Mustafa Ufuk Uylaş, Bartu Badak, Uğur Bilge, Setenay Öner, Enver İhtiyar, Tarık Çağa, Ercüment Paşaoğlu
BACKGROUND: This study compared the predictive accuracy of four scoring systems, namely Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II), Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA), Simplified Acute Physiology Score II (SAPS II), and Mortality in Emergency Department (MEDS), for estimating prognosis in patients with necrotizing fasciitis. METHODS: Seventy-four patients who presented with necrotizing fasciitis were retrospectively examined. The ability of the scoring systems to predict mortality was assessed by comparing the estimated mortality rates in mortality groups (survivors/non-survivors), and mortality rates among survivors and non-survivors with an estimated mortality of >10%, 30%, and 50% in the scoring systems were compared in pairs...
September 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052652/types-of-work-related-behavior-and-experiences-and-stress-coping-strategies-among-single-mothers-and-mothers-in-relationships-differentiating-role-of-work-satisfaction
#6
Elżbieta Napora, Anna Andruszkiewicz, Małgorzata Anna Basińska
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study has been to describe functioning of single and mothers in relationships (married or in informal relationships) at work and verify if the declared degree of work satisfaction differentiates types of behavior at work and stress coping strategies in both groups of mothers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted on equal samples of single mothers (N = 186) and mothers from 2-parent families (N = 186) using Latack Coping Scale that measures work-related stress coping strategies, the AVEM (Arbeitsbezogenes Verhaltens- und Erlebensmuster - Work-Related Behavior and Experience Pattern) questionnaire, and a survey...
October 18, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052651/activity-of-daily-living-on-non-working-and-working-days-in-polish-urban-society
#7
Katarzyna Wesolowska, Bozena Czarkowska-Paczek
OBJECTIVES: Activities of daily living are currently the simplest form of activity. For many people this is the only activity in which they participate. In this connection, it is important to determine the level of physical activity connected with daily habits including occupational activities. The main goal of the presented study has been to assess the level of activities of daily living in different age groups and its differentiation by season and working (WD) and non-working days (NWD)...
October 18, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052267/t1-mapping-with-the-variable-flip-angle-technique-a-simple-correction-for-insufficient-spoiling-of-transverse-magnetization
#8
Simon Baudrexel, Ulrike Nöth, Jan-Rüdiger Schüre, Ralf Deichmann
PURPOSE: The variable flip angle method derives T1 maps from radiofrequency-spoiled gradient-echo data sets, acquired with different flip angles α. Because the method assumes validity of the Ernst equation, insufficient spoiling of transverse magnetization yields errors in T1 estimation, depending on the chosen radiofrequency-spoiling phase increment (Δϕ). This paper presents a versatile correction method that uses modified flip angles α' to restore the validity of the Ernst equation...
October 20, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050445/what-s-new-in-the-treatment-of-eczemas
#9
Massimo Gola, Antonio Carpentieri, Francesco Loconsole
BACKGROUND: We have conducted an open label, non-comparative study in order to assess the efficacy and tolerability of Dexyane Med in combination with corticosteroids in patients with chronic hand eczema (CHE) and contact eczema (CE) in a real-life setting. METHODS: Twenty patients, 10 with CHE and 10 with CE, have been enrolled in the study. After the enrollment and the baseline evaluation, patients were treated with topical mometasone once daily and Dexyane Med once daily for one week, followed by Dexyane Med twice daily for three weeks...
December 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048168/comment-on-the-ecstasy-and-agony-of-assay-interference-compounds
#10
Peter W Kenny
.A recent editorial (Aldrich et al, The Ecstasy and Agony of Assay Interference Compounds, J. Chem. Inf. MODEL: , 2017, 57, 387-390) is examined critically. When assessing assay hits from screening, it is important to draw a distinction between false positives, that have no effect on target function, and compounds that affect target function through an undesirable mechanism of action. Observation of frequent-hitter behavior for a compound should be regarded as circumstantial evidence, rather than definitive proof, that the compound has interfered with assay readouts or acted through an undesirable mechanism of action...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047198/evaluation-of-narrow-band-ultraviolet-b-phototherapy-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-actinic-dermatitis-in-chinese-patients
#11
Li Ma, Qiaoan Zhang, Yue Hu, Xiaoqun Luo
Few studies have been conducted in chronic actinic dermatitis (CAD) treated with narrowband ultraviolet B (NB UVB) phototherapy, especially in Asian patients. We aim to evaluate the efficacy and safety of NB UVB phototherapy in Chinese patients with CAD. 19 CAD patients of Fitzpatrick skin phototype IV received NB UVB phototherapy in spring and treatments were given 3 times weekly with incremental dose and maintenance therapy was given twice weekly for 3-4 weeks. The mean initial, endpoint, and cumulative dose of NB UVB was 0...
October 19, 2017: Dermatologic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047103/correction-to-adjacent-level-disease-background-and-update-based-on-disc-replacement-data
#12
I David Kaye, Alan S Hilibrand
This article was published and transmitted with the lead author's name listed incorrectly in the citation. The correct citation is, in full: Kaye, I.D. & Hilibrand, A.S. Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med (2017) 10: 147. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12178-017-9396-5 .
October 18, 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046183/you-re-the-flight-surgeon
#13
(no author information available yet)
Pelligra S. You're the flight surgeon: decompression illness following altitude chamber exposure. Aerosp Med Hum Perform. 2017; 88(11):1052-1055.
November 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046182/you-re-the-flight-surgeon
#14
(no author information available yet)
Speakman RO. You're the flight surgeon: hypertension, when it doesn't add up. Aerosp Med Hum Perform. 2017; 88(11):1049-1052.
November 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046181/instrument-failure-stress-and-spatial-disorientation-leading-to-a-fatal-crash-with-a-large-aircraft
#15
Arne Tribukait, Ola Eiken
BACKGROUND: An aircraft's orientation relative to the ground cannot be perceived via the sense of balance or the somatosensory system. When devoid of external visual references, the pilot must rely on instruments. A sudden unexpected instrument indication is a challenge to the pilot, who might have to question the instrument instead of responding with the controls. In this case report we analyze, from a human-factors perspective, how a limited instrument failure led to a fatal accident...
November 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046180/aircrew-and-handheld-laser-exposure
#16
Kevin C Dietrich
BACKGROUND: Laser devices are ubiquitous in everyday operations. These devices pose a hazard to the eye and numerous injuries have been documented. However, there lies a misunderstanding in the propensity to damage aircrews' eyes during an exposure. Patient encounters and article review is presented in hopes to raise awareness that aircrew laser exposure at altitude, outside of critical phases of flight, is a distraction and not a threat. Also, to propose a change to Air Force policy regarding such exposures and further educating flight surgeons...
November 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046179/coping-and-changes-in-arousal-after-exposure-to-gz-load
#17
Marcin Piotr Biernacki, Rafal Lewkowicz, Piotr Zieliński, Mieczyslaw Wojtkowiak
BACKGROUND: Acceleration load causes several physiological changes that play important roles in pilot performance. One of the problems is determining individual factors responsible for the differences in changes in the level of central nervous system (CNS) arousal after exposure to acceleration loads. We were interested in whether the coping style and anxiety as a trait might differentiate the subjects in terms of reactions of the CNS to +Gz load-related stress. METHODS: Examined were 31 male volunteers with ages between 23 and 30 yr...
November 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046178/a-psychiatric-formulary-for-long-duration-spaceflight
#18
Eric Friedman, Brian Bui
Behavioral health is essential for the safety, well-being, and performance of crewmembers in both human spaceflight and Antarctic exploration. Over the past five decades, psychiatric issues have been documented in orbital spaceflight. In Antarctica, literature suggests up to 5% of wintering crewmembers could meet criteria for a psychiatric illness, including mood disorders, stressor-related disorders, sleep-wake disorders, and substance-related disorders. Experience from these settings indicates that psychiatric disorders on deep space missions must be anticipated...
November 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046177/incidents-and-injuries-in-foot-launched-flying-extreme-sports
#19
Francesco Feletti, Andrea Aliverti, Maggie Henjum, Marco Tarabini, Eric Brymer
BACKGROUND: Participation rates in extreme sports have grown exponentially in the last 40 yr, often surpassing traditional sporting activities. The purpose of this study was to examine injury rates in foot-launched flying sports, i.e., sports in which a pilot foot-launches into flight with a wing already deployed. METHODS: This paper is based on a retrospective analysis of the reports of incidents that occurred between 2000 and 2014 among the British Hang Gliding and Paragliding Association members...
November 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046176/dysrhythmias-in-laypersons-during-centrifuge-simulated-suborbital-spaceflight
#20
Rahul Suresh, Rebecca S Blue, Charles H Mathers, Tarah L Castleberry, James M Vanderploeg
INTRODUCTION: There are limited data on cardiac dysrhythmias in laypersons during hypergravity exposure. We report layperson electrocardiograph (ECG) findings and tolerance of dysrhythmias during centrifuge-simulated suborbital spaceflight. METHODS: Volunteers participated in varied-length centrifuge training programs of 2-7 centrifuge runs over 0.5-2 d, culminating in two simulated suborbital spaceflights of combined +Gz and +Gx (peak +4.0 Gz, +6.0 Gx, duration 5 s)...
November 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
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