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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244102/association-of-opioid-usage-with-spinal-cord-stimulation-outcomes
#1
Ashwini D Sharan, Jonathan Riley, Steven Falowski, Jason E Pope, Allison T Connolly, Edward Karst, Nirav Dalal, David A Provenzano
Study Design: Observational study using insurance claims. Objective: To quantify opioid usage leading up to spinal cord stimulation (SCS) and the potential impact on outcomes of SCS. Setting: SCS is an interventional therapy that often follows opioid usage in the care continuum for chronic pain. Methods: This study identified SCS patients using the Truven Health MarketScan databases from January 2010 to December 2014...
December 13, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243295/extended-phase-graph-formalism-for-systems-with-magnetization-transfer-and-exchange
#2
Shaihan J Malik, Rui Pedro A G Teixeira, Joseph V Hajnal
PURPOSE: An extended phase graph framework (EPG-X) for modeling systems with exchange or magnetization transfer (MT) is proposed. THEORY: EPG-X models coupled two-compartment systems by describing each compartment with separate phase graphs that exchange during evolution periods. There are two variants: EPG-X(BM) for systems governed by the Bloch-McConnell equations, and EPG-X(MT) for the pulsed MT formalism. For the MT case, the "bound" protons have no transverse components, so their phase graph consists of only longitudinal states...
December 15, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242002/corrigendum-to-deletion-of-nadh-oxidase-in-listeria-monocytogenes-promotes-the-bacterial-infection-of-brain-free-radic-biol-med-112-2017-608-615
#3
Sen Li, Wenwen Yu, Xiao Guan, Zhen Luo, Guowei Chen, Wukang Liu, Jingchen Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 12, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241590/corrigendum-to-structural-stigma-and-all-cause-mortality-in-sexual-minority-populations-soc-sci-med-103-2014-33-41
#4
M L Hatzenbuehler, A Bellatorre, Y Lee, B K Finch, P Muennig, K Fiscella
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 11, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240075/a-systematic-analysis-of-online-marketing-materials-used-by-providers-of-expanded-carrier-screening
#5
Davit Chokoshvili, Pascal Borry, Danya F Vears
PurposeExpanded carrier screening (ECS) for a large number of recessive disorders is available to prospective parents through commercial providers. This study aimed to analyze the content of marketing materials on ECS providers' websites.MethodsTo identify providers of ECS tests, we undertook a comprehensive online search, reviewed recent academic literature on commercial carrier screening, and consulted with colleagues familiar with the current ECS landscape. The identified websites were archived in April 2017, and inductive content analysis was performed on website text, brochures and educational materials, and video transcripts...
December 14, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238496/lifelong-learning-strategies-in-nursing-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Mojtaba Qanbari Qalehsari, Morteza Khaghanizadeh, Abbas Ebadi
Background: Lifelong learning is an expectation in the professional performance of nurses, which is directly related to the success of students in nursing schools. In spite of the considerable attention paid to this issue, lifelong learning strategies are not fully understood. Objective: The aim of this study was to clarify lifelong learning strategies of nursing students with respect to international experience. Methods: In this systematic review, an extensive investigation was carried out using Persian and English studies in Pub Med, ProQuest, Cochrane, Ovid, Scopus, Web of Science, SID, and Iran Doc using the following keywords: lifelong learning, self-directed learning, lifelong learning model, continuing education, nursing education, and lifelong program...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238293/the-impact-of-anesthetic-state-on-spike-sorting-success-in-the-cortex-a-comparison-of-ketamine-and-urethane-anesthesia
#7
K Jannis Hildebrandt, Maneesh Sahani, Jennifer F Linden
Spike sorting is an essential first step in most analyses of extracellular in vivo electrophysiological recordings. Here we show that spike-sorting success depends critically on characteristics of coordinated population activity that can differ between anesthetic states. In tetrode recordings from mouse auditory cortex, spike sorting was significantly less successful under ketamine/medetomidine (ket/med) than urethane anesthesia. Surprisingly, this difficulty with sorting under ket/med anesthesia did not appear to result from either greater millisecond-scale burstiness of neural activity or increased coordination of activity among neighboring neurons...
2017: Frontiers in Neural Circuits
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236532/correction-to-breastfeed-med-2015-11-2-70-74-doi-10-1089-bfm-2015-0134
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235118/erratum-experimental-verification-of-egsnrc-monte-carlo-calculated-depth-doses-within-a-realistic-parallel-magnetic-field-in-a-polystyrene-phantom-med-phys-vol-44-9-4804-4815-2017
#9
Andrei Ghila, Stephen Steciw, B Gino Fallone, Satyapal Rathee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234877/-laudation-for-the-80th-birthday-of-prof-dr-med-dr-med-h-c-mult-joachim-robert-kalden
#10
G-R Burmester
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 12, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233599/corrigendum-to-multidisciplinary-approach-to-optimize-management-of-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-c-and-alcoholic-liver-disease-j-formos-med-assoc-2016-1097-1098
#11
Yi-Wen Huang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 9, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233250/you-re-the-flight-surgeon
#12
(no author information available yet)
Mahakian CG. You're the flight surgeon: hypersensitivity pneumonitis. Aerosp Med Hum Perform. 2018; 89(1):74-77.
January 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233249/you-re-the-flight-surgeon
#13
(no author information available yet)
Kitz R. You're the flight surgeon: blepharitis. Aerosp Med Hum Perform. 2018; 89(1):72-74.
January 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233248/results-of-amhp-journal-survey-on-open-access
#14
Pamela C Day
Day PC. Results of AMHP journal survey on Open Access. Aerospace Med Hum Perform. 2018; 89(1):70-71.
January 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233247/pelvic-organ-prolapse-in-a-fighter-pilot-with-alpha-1-antitrypsin-deficiency
#15
Kerry Buckley, Jami Gann, Heather Barbier, Joy Greer
BACKGROUND: Few researchers have studied symptomatic younger to middle-aged women with pelvic organ prolapse. The association between highly strenuous activity and prolapse symptoms is largely theoretical. It is also known that a genetic component likely contributes to early-onset pelvic organ prolapse, but prevention and treatment with respect to this has not been explored. Service restrictions differ for active duty women who are diagnosed with symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse. CASE REPORT: We present a case of a 33-yr-old Gravida 1 Para 1 fighter pilot who developed symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse after a vaginal delivery...
January 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233246/intraocular-lens-use-in-an-astronaut-during-long-duration-spaceflight
#16
Thomas H Mader, C Robert Gibson, Josef F Schmid, William Lipsky, Ashot E Sargsyan, Kathleen Garcia, Jeffrey N Williams
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this paper is to report the first use of an intraocular lens (IOL) in an astronaut during long duration spaceflight (LDSF). An astronaut developed a unilateral cataract and underwent phacoemulsification with insertion of an acrylic IOL. Approximately 15 mo later he flew on a Soyuz spacecraft to the International Space Station (ISS), where he successfully completed a 6-mo mission. CASE REPORT: Ocular examination, including ultrasound (US), was performed before, during, and after his mission and he was questioned regarding visual changes during each portion of his flight...
January 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233245/occupational-specific-strength-predicts-astronaut-related-task-performance-in-a-weighted-suit
#17
Andrew Taylor, Christopher J Kotarsky, Colin W Bond, Kyle J Hackney
BACKGROUND: Future space missions beyond low Earth orbit will require deconditioned astronauts to perform occupationally relevant tasks within a planetary spacesuit. The prediction of time-to-completion (TTC) of astronaut tasks will be critical for crew safety, autonomous operations, and mission success. This exploratory study determined if the addition of task-specific strength testing to current standard lower body testing would enhance the prediction of TTC in a 1-G test battery. METHODS: Eight healthy participants completed NASA lower body strength tests, occupationally specific strength tests, and performed six task simulations (hand drilling, construction wrenching, incline walking, collecting weighted samples, and dragging an unresponsive crewmember to safety) in a 48-kg weighted suit...
January 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233244/modeling-predictors-of-duties-not-including-flying-status
#18
Anthony P Tvaryanas, Converse Griffith
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to reuse available datasets to conduct an analysis of potential predictors of U.S. Air Force aircrew nonavailability in terms of being in "duties not to include flying" (DNIF) status. METHODS: This study was a retrospective cohort analysis of U.S. Air Force aircrew on active duty during the period from 2003-2012. Predictor variables included age, Air Force Specialty Code (AFSC), clinic location, diagnosis, gender, pay grade, and service component...
January 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233243/pilot-mental-health-negative-life-events-and-improving-safety-with-peer-support-and-a-just-culture
#19
Sanne Mulder, Diederik de Rooy
BACKGROUND: In the last 35 yr, 17 commercial aviation accidents and incidents, with 576 fatalities, could likely have been attributed to mental disease of a pilot. Screening tools for mental health risks in airline pilots are needed. There is growing interest in pilot peer-support programs and how to incorporate them in a just culture, meaning that pilots can report mental health complaints without a risk of job or income loss. We combined findings from aviation accidents and incidents with a search of scientific literature to provide data-based recommendations for screening, peer-support, and a just culture approach to mental health problems...
January 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233242/preflight-in-flight-and-postflight-imaging-of-the-cervical-and-lumbar-spine-in-astronauts
#20
Michael F Harrison, Kathleen M Garcia, Ashot E Sargsyan, Douglas Ebert, Roy F Riascos-Castaneda, Scott A Dulchavsky
BACKGROUND: Back pain is a common complaint during spaceflight that is commonly attributed to intervertebral disc swelling in microgravity. Ultrasound (US) represents the only imaging modality on the International Space Station (ISS) to assess its etiology. The present study investigated: 1) The agreement and correlation of spinal US assessments as compared to results of pre- and postflight MRI studies; and 2) the trend in intervertebral disc characteristics over the course of spaceflight to ISS...
January 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
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