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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034649/implementation-a-medical-simulation-curriculum-in-emergency-medicine-residency-program
#1
Amirhossein Jahanshir, Maryam Bahreini, Mohsen Banaie, Mohammad Jallili, Shahram Hariri, Fatemeh Rasooli, Hamed Sotoodehnia, Javad Seyed Hosseini, Arash Safaie, Ehsan Karimi, Ali Labaf, Hadi Mir Fazaelian, Elnaz Vahidi
Applying simulation in medical education is becoming more and more popular. The use of simulation in medical training has led to effective learning and safer care for patients. Nowadays educators have confronted with the challenge of respecting patient safety or bedside teaching. There is widespread evidence, supported by robust research, systematic reviews and meta-analysis, on how much effective simulation is. Simulation supports the acquisition of procedural, technical and non-technical skills through repetitive practice with feedbacks...
August 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016368/perioperative-point-of-care-ultrasound-in-ambulatory-anesthesia-thinking-beyond-nerve-blocks
#2
Ranjit Deshpande, Davinder Ramsingh
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Ultrasound has become readily available in the perioperative area. In this review, we aim to bring forth some uses of ultrasound beyond that in regional anesthesia. RECENT FINDINGS: Critical care and emergency physicians have embraced ultrasound in their respective fields. We as anesthesiologists and practitioners of acute care medicine are not immune to this penetration. There is been a lot of recent literature on the various uses of perioperative point of care ultrasound...
October 7, 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990685/national-trends-in-otolaryngology-intern-curricula-following-accreditation-council-for-graduate-medical-education-changes
#3
Kevin J Kovatch, Rebecca S Harvey, Mark E P Prince, Marc C Thorne
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: In 2016, Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) requirements for curriculum and resident experiences were modified to require entering postgraduate year (PGY)-1 residents to spend 6 months of structured education on otolaryngology-head and neck surgery (ORL-HNS) rotations. We aimed to determine how ORL-HNS training programs have adapted curricula in response to 2016 ACGME curriculum requirement changes. STUDY DESIGN: Survey study...
October 9, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990219/emergency-ultrasound-a-survey-study-of-fellowship-graduate-characteristics-and-career-paths
#4
Katja Goldflam, Dimitrios Papanagnou, Resa E Lewiss
OBJECTIVES: There are sparse data on the career pathways of graduates of emergency ultrasound fellowships. The authors sought to define the characteristics of graduates and their reported career paths after training through this survey study. METHODS: A 26-question anonymous survey was emailed to 597 graduates of 70 fellowships over a 4-week period. No incentives were provided for completion of the questionnaire. Descriptive statistics are reported. For qualitative data, open- and axial-coding methods were used...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984729/simulation-based-education-enhances-patient-safety-behaviors-during-central-venous-catheter-placement
#5
Tonya Jagneaux, Terrell S Caffery, Mandi Wilkes Musso, Ann C Long, Lauren Zatarain, Erik Stopa, Nathan Freeman, Cara Cantelli Quin, Glenn N Jones
OBJECTIVE: We describe the effect of simulation-based education on residents' adherence to protocols for and performance of central venous access. METHODS: Internal medicine and emergency medicine residents underwent a central venous access course that included a lecture, video presentation, readings, and simulation demonstrations presented by faculty. Baseline data were collected before the course was initiated. After a skills session where they rehearsed their ultrasound-guided central venous access skills, residents were evaluated using a procedural checklist and written knowledge exam...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984431/what-do-we-know-about-alara-is-our-knowledge-sufficient-about-radiation-safety
#6
Ibrahim B Atci, Hakan Yilmaz, Veysel Antar, Nuriye G Ozdemir, Oguz Baran, Sila Sadillioglu, Mehmet Ozel, Okan Turk, Mehmet Yaman, Hakan Topacoglu
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the knowledge of neurosurgeons and emergency physicians about ALARA (as low as reasonably achievable) and to gain awareness to them about this topic. METHODS: A multiple-choice survey comprising 17 questions was performed to 30 neurosurgeons and 70 emergency room doctors. RESULTS: Emergency medicine doctors, neurosurgeons, emergency medicine residents, neurosurgery residents and general practitioners participated in the survey...
December 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970026/the-impact-of-the-improvement-in-internal-medicine-consultation-process-on-emergency-department-length-of-stay
#7
Sangheon Shin, Soo Hoon Lee, Dong Hoon Kim, Seong Chun Kim, Tae Yun Kim, Changwoo Kang, Jin Hee Jeong, Daesung Lim, Yong Joo Park, Sang Bong Lee
INTRODUCTION: Although consultations are essential for delivering safe, high-quality care to patients in emergency departments, they contribute to emergency department patient flow problems and overcrowding which is associated with several adverse outcomes, such as increases in patient mortality and poor quality care. This study aimed to investigate how time flow metrics including emergency department length of stay is influenced by changes to the internal medicine consultation policy...
September 28, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966896/increasing-resident-wellness-through-a-novel-retreat-curriculum
#8
Angela Cornelius, Brian G Cornelius, Mary Ann Edens
Background Because of their arduous schedules, residents are susceptible to burnout, fatigue, and depression. In 2015, the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) launched a campaign to foster physician wellness, in response to the suicides of three residents during the previous year. The campaign calls for strategies to developing resiliency, identify problems, and promote well-being. One of the suggested methods to promote well-being was a residency retreat. Objective To implement a novel retreat curriculum that emphasizes team building between residents and faculty, with which residents expressed high satisfaction...
July 28, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959780/restructuring-hospitalist-work-schedules-to-improve-care-timeliness-and-efficiency
#9
Monika Wells, Evan Coates, Barbara Williams, Craig Blackmore
Background In 2014, we recognised that the pace of admissions frequently exceeded our ability to assign a hospitalist. Long patient wait times occurred at admission, especially for patients arriving in the late afternoon when hospitalist day shifts were ending. Our purpose was to redesign hospitalist schedules, duties and method of distributing admissions to match demand. Design We used administrative data to tabulate Hospital Medicine admission requests by time of day and identified mismatch between volume and capacity with the current staffing model...
2017: BMJ Open Qual
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937514/surgical-skills-feedback-and-mytipreport-is-there-construct-validity
#10
MULTICENTER STUDY
AnnaMarie Connolly, Anita Blanchard, Alice Goepfert, Nicole Donnellan, Elizabeth Buys, Richard Uribe, Kimberly Kenton
OBJECTIVE: To initiate construct validity testing of myTIPreport for procedural skill assessment in a prospective multicenter evaluation study. METHODS: Teachers and learners from a convenience-based site selection of obstetrics and gynecology (OBGYN) and female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery (FPMRS) training programs performed procedural assessments in myTIPreport. The specifically defined 5-point Dreyfus rating scale describing ability levels from novice to expert was used...
October 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930762/competency-based-medical-education-in-the-internal-medicine-clerkship-a-report-from-the-alliance-for-academic-internal-medicine-undergraduate-medical-education-task-force
#11
Sara B Fazio, Cynthia H Ledford, Paul B Aronowitz, Shobhina G Chheda, John H Choe, Stephanie A Call, Scott D Gitlin, Marty Muntz, L James Nixon, Anne G Pereira, John W Ragsdale, Emily A Stewart, Karen E Hauer
As medical educators continue to redefine learning and assessment across the continuum, implementation of competency-based medical education in the undergraduate setting has become a focus of many medical schools. While standards of competency have been defined for the graduating student, there is no uniform approach for defining competency expectations for students during their core clerkship year. The authors describe the process by which an Alliance for Academic Internal Medicine task force developed a paradigm for competency-based assessment of students during their inpatient internal medicine (IM) clerkship...
September 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927448/barriers-and-facilitators-to-implementing-addiction-medicine-fellowships-a-qualitative-study-with-fellows-medical-students-residents-and-preceptors
#12
J Klimas, W Small, K Ahamad, W Cullen, A Mead, L Rieb, E Wood, R McNeil
BACKGROUND: Although progress in science has driven advances in addiction medicine, this subject has not been adequately taught to medical trainees and physicians. As a result, there has been poor integration of evidence-based practices in addiction medicine into physician training which has impeded addiction treatment and care. Recently, a number of training initiatives have emerged internationally, including the addiction medicine fellowships in Vancouver, Canada. This study was undertaken to examine barriers and facilitators of implementing addiction medicine fellowships...
September 20, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919404/emergency-in-the-clinic-a-simulation-curriculum-to-improve-outpatient-safety
#13
Eve Espey, Gillian Baty, John Rask, Michelle Chungtuyco, Brenda Pereda, Lawrence Leeman
BACKGROUND: Emergency response skills are essential when events such as seizure, anaphylaxis, or hemorrhage occur in the outpatient setting. Because services and procedures increasingly move outside the hospital, training to manage complications may improve outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate a simulation-based curriculum in outpatient emergency management skills with the outcome measures of graded objective performance and learner self-efficacy...
September 14, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899714/qualitative-evaluation-of-a-narrative-reflection-program-to-help-medical-trainees-recognize-and-avoid-overuse-am-i-doing-what-s-right-for-the-patient
#14
Tanner Caverly, Daniel Matlock, Jocelyn Thompson, Brandon Combs
OBJECTIVE: The Do No Harm Project is a novel reflective writing program that encourages medical trainees to reflect on and write up clinical narratives about instances of avoidable medical overuse. Our goal is to describe this program and to explore the effect of the program on those participating. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted to explore how participating in the project influenced the thinking, attitudes, and behaviors of participating internal medicine residents...
September 8, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877363/establishing-an-ultrasound-curriculum-in-undergraduate-medical-education-how-much-time-does-it-take
#15
Yonaton Siegel-Richman, John Kendall
OBJECTIVES: Over the years, the use of ultrasound in the medical profession has become a common occurrence. As a result, many medical schools are considering an ultrasound curriculum for first- and second-year medical students. The question posed by many of these programs is how much time and effort are required to establish such a curriculum. We at the University of Colorado School of Medicine sought to quantify the resources and time required. METHODS: We conducted a cohort study that analyzed the time spent teaching, as well as the types of instructors (eg, faculty, resident, and peer student) that contributed to our ultrasound curriculum...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877135/want-correct-percentage-of-tbsa-burned-let-a-layman-do-the-assessment
#16
Ilaria Tocco-Tussardi, Benjamin Presman, Fredrik Huss
Accurate determination of burn size significantly impacts both immediate management and long-term outcome. In the era of evidence-based medicine, the variability in TBSA% assessment shown by traditional methods may prove unacceptable and technology-aided systems become the "accepted standard." The objective of this study was to push this scenario to the limit by investigating the accuracy and consistency of TBSA% estimations using a computer-aided tool. Five Laymen (health care-burn management naïve people) were trained on the handling of the technology-aided assessment tool Burn Case 3D and asked to calculate TBSA% for 18 clinical pictures of burns with different patterns and sizes...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874934/emergency-physician-performed-transesophageal-echocardiography-in-simulated-cardiac-arrest
#17
Don V Byars, Jordan Tozer, John M Joyce, Michael J Vitto, Lindsay Taylor, Turan Kayagil, Matt Jones, Matthew Bishop, Barry Knapp, David Evans
INTRODUCTION: Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is a well-established method of evaluating cardiac pathology. It has many advantages over transthoracic echocardiography (TTE), including the ability to image the heart during active cardiopulmonary resuscitation. This prospective simulation study aims to evaluate the ability of emergency medicine (EM) residents to learn TEE image acquisition techniques and demonstrate those techniques to identify common pathologic causes of cardiac arrest...
August 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870691/-burnout-in-tunisian-medical-residents-about-149-cases
#18
A Ben Zid, W Homri, I Ben Romdhane, N Bram, R Labbane
BACKGROUND: Burnout is a professional psychological chronic stress-induced syndrome defined by three dimensions: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and low personal accomplishment. This syndrome concerns all professions but especially healthcare staff. Numerous studies have attempted to document the impact of work activities on the doctor's mental health. According to the literature, junior doctors are more vulnerable to develop this syndrome. AIMS: Are to determine the prevalence of severe burnout among residents of different specialties: anesthesiology, general surgery, emergency medicine, psychiatry, basic sciences...
September 1, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870394/variability-in-interpretation-of-cardiac-standstill-among-physician-sonographers
#19
Kevin Hu, Nachi Gupta, Felipe Teran, Turandot Saul, Bret P Nelson, Phillip Andrus
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Cardiac standstill on point-of-care ultrasonography has been widely studied as a marker of prognosis in cardiac arrest. Return of spontaneous circulation has been reported in as few as 0% and as many as 45% of patients with cardiac standstill. When explicitly documented, the definition of cardiac activity in these studies varied from any slight change in echogenicity of the myocardium to any kinetic cardiac activity. We hypothesize that the variability in research definitions of cardiac activity may affect interpretation of video clips of patients in cardiac arrest...
September 1, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869808/pediatric-emergency-in-brazil-the-consolidation-of-an-area-in-the-pediatric-field
#20
REVIEW
Jefferson P Piva, Patrícia M Lago, Pedro Celiny R Garcia
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to present a review on the evolution, development, and consolidation of the pediatric emergency abroad and in Brazil, as well as to discuss the residency program in this key area for pediatricians. DATA SOURCES: This was a narrative review, in which the authors used pre-selected documents utilized as the minimum requirements for the Residency Program in Pediatric Emergency Medicine and articles selected by interest for the theme development, at the SciELO and Medline databases, between 2000 and 2017...
September 1, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
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