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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143541/the-efficacy-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-chinese-people-a-meta-analysis
#1
Ting Kin Ng, Daniel Fu Keung Wong
OBJECTIVE: Over the past decade, cognitive behavioral therapy has been applied to an increasingly wider range of disorders and problems in Chinese societies. However, no meta-analysis has been conducted to synthesize the studies on cognitive behavioral therapy for Chinese clients. The purpose of this meta-analytic study was to examine the overall efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy for Chinese people. METHOD: A literature search was conducted using electronic databases, including Web of Science, PsycINFO and PubMed...
November 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141491/association-of-psychosis-affective-disorders-and-diseases-affecting-the-immune-system
#2
Jeanette Brun Larsen, Valentina Cabral Iversen, Solveig Klæbo Reitan
Purpose of the article: There are indications of altered immune activity in depressed and psychotic patients compared to healthy controls in several studies. To explore the clinical importance of this phenomenon we examined the relation between different disorders affecting the immune system and psychoses and depression, respectively. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 276 patients consecutively admitted to a psychiatric acute ward were included in the study. Of these 41 patients fulfilled the criteria for ICD-10 F20-29 (psychotic) diagnosis and 157 patients a F30-39 (affective) diagnosis...
November 16, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130372/-motility-psychoses-by-erik-str%C3%A3-mgren-1940
#3
German E Berrios, Johan Schioldann
The motility psychoses are a group of acute psychiatric conditions characterized by salient disorders of movement (increased, decreased and disorganized), psychotic experiences, confusion and good prognosis. The debate on whether they are just atypical forms of schizophrenia or manic-depressive insanity or constitute an independent group of psychoses has not yet been settled. Erik Strömgren's classical chapter deals with the history and clinical aspects of the motility psychoses. Based on a historical analysis and an empirical study of a patient cohort, the author draws conclusions on the nature of this clinical group that has stood the test of time well...
December 2017: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128195/-what-support-of-young-presenting-a-first-psychotic-episode-when-schooling-is-being-challenged
#4
M-N Vacheron, H Veyrat-Masson, E Wehbe
Psychiatric disorders (more specifically mood disorders and psychosis) represent the 1st cause of disability among young people. Unemployment rate between 75 to 95% for the person with schizophrenia. It is correlated to poor social integration and bad economic status, worse symptomatology loss of autonomy as well as global bad functioning. It is responsible of more than half of the overall cost of psychosis. The onset of most of psychiatric disorders occur between the age of 25 and 35 years old, a critical time in young adult life when they should build their professional as well as social future...
November 8, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125969/psychiatric-comorbidities-and-suicidality-among-patients-with-neuromyelitis-optica-spectrum-disorders-in-argentina
#5
V C Fernández, N Alonso, L Melamud, A M Villa
BACKGROUND: Neuromyelitis optica is a relapsing inflammatory, secondarily demyelinating astrocytopathy that most commonly affects the optic nerves and the spinal cord. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the psychopathological profile, presence of current depression, and suicidality in patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD) in an Argentinean cohort, and compare these parameters to those in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and in healthy controls (HCs)...
November 7, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124951/the-role-of-serious-mental-illness-in-motivation-participation-and-adoption-of-health-behavior-change-among-obese-sedentary-latino-adults
#6
Daniel E Jimenez, Lauren Thomas, Stephen J Bartels
OBJECTIVE: Serious mental illness (SMI; e.g. schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, delusional disorder, bipolar disorder, severe major depressive disorder, and psychotic disorders) and Latino ethnicity can produce a compounded health disparity, placing individuals at particularly high risk for excess morbidity and premature mortality. In this study we sought to identify the role of SMI in motivation, participation, and adoption of health behavior change among overweight Latino adults...
November 10, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122405/theory-of-mind-impairment-and-its-clinical-correlates-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-major-depressive-disorder-and-bipolar-disorder
#7
Yan-Yu Wang, Yi Wang, Ying-Min Zou, Ke Ni, Xue Tian, Hong-Wei Sun, Simon S Y Lui, Eric F C Cheung, John Suckling, Raymond C K Chan
BACKGROUND: Although Theory of Mind (ToM) impairment has been observed in patients with a wide range of mental disorders, the similarity and uniqueness of these deficits across diagnostic groups has not been thoroughly investigated. METHODS: We recruited 35 participants with schizophrenia (SCZ), 35 with bipolar disorder (BD), 35 with major depressive disorder (MDD), and 35 healthy controls in this study. All participants were matched in age, gender proportion and IQ estimates...
November 6, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121638/impact-of-inability-to-turn-in-bed-assessed-by-a-wearable-three-axis-accelerometer-on-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#8
Kenji Uchino, Makoto Shiraishi, Keita Tanaka, Masashi Akamatsu, Yasuhiro Hasegawa
BACKGROUND: Difficulty turning over in bed is a common night-time symptom in Parkinson's disease (PD). We aimed to quantitatively evaluate overnight turnover movements using a three-axis accelerometer and to investigate whether inability to turn in bed is related to daytime sleepiness, sleep quality, and depressive mood in PD patients. METHODS: We examined 64 patients with PD (mean age, 73.3±8.21 years; modified Hoehn-Yahr [mH-Y] stage, 3.0±1.0; disease duration, 7...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117908/clinical-characteristics-of-primary-psychotic-disorders-with-concurrent-substance-abuse-and-substance-induced-psychotic-disorders-a-systematic-review
#9
Lorna Wilson, Attila Szigeti, Angela Kearney, Mary Clarke
BACKGROUND: Distinguishing between a primary psychotic disorder with concurrent substance abuse (PPD+SA) and a substance-induced psychotic disorder (SIPD) can be diagnostically challenging. We aimed to determine if these two diagnoses are clinically distinct, particularly in relation to psychopathology. In addition, we aimed to examine the specific clinical features of cannabis-induced psychotic disorder (CIPD) as compared to primary psychotic disorder with concurrent cannabis abuse (PPD+CA) and also to SIPD associated with any substance...
November 5, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109690/comorbid-mental-disorders-and-6-month-symptomatic-and-functioning-outcomes-in-chinese-university-students-at-clinical-high-risk-for-psychosis
#10
Jingyu Shi, Lu Wang, Yuhong Yao, Na Su, Chenyu Zhan, Ziyu Mao, Xudong Zhao
Background: High rates of non-psychotic psychopathological symptoms have been observed in clinical population at clinical high risk (CHR) for psychosis. These comorbid disorders affected the baseline functional level of CHR patients. However, little is known about the comorbid mental disorder in CHR individuals in non-clinical adolescent population. This study aimed to investigate the comorbid mental disorder in non-clinical CHR adolescents and the impact on attenuated psychosis symptoms (APS) as well as clinical outcome...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109161/combating-multi-drug-resistant-pathogens-with-host-directed-non-antibiotic-therapeutics
#11
Jourdan A Andersson, Jian Sha, Michelle L Kirtley, Emily Reyes, Eric C Fitts, Sara M Dann, Ashok K Chopra
Earlier, we reported that 3 Food and Drug Administration-approved drugs, trifluoperazine (TFP, anti-psychotic), amoxapine (AXPN, anti-depressant), and doxapram (DXP, breathing stimulant), identified from an in vitro murine macrophage cytotoxicity screen, provided 40-60% protection to mice against pneumonic plague when administered at the time of infection for 1-3 days. In this study, the therapeutic potential of these drugs was further evaluated in mice when administered up to 48 h post-infection against pneumonic plague...
November 6, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108803/factor-analysis-of-symptom-dimensions-psychotic-affective-and-obsessive-compulsive-symptoms-in-schizophrenia
#12
Sandeep Grover, Devakshi Dua, Subho Chakrabarti, Ajit Avasthi
AIM: To carryout factor analysis of symptom profile of patients with schizophrenia assessed by using positive and negative syndrome scale (PANSS), Calgary depression rating scale (CDSS), Young mania rating scale (YMRS) and YBOCS checklist. METHODOLOGY: 181 patients of schizophrenia were assessed on PANSS, CDSS, YMRS and YBOCS checklist. RESULTS: Factor analysis of PANSS yielded 3 factor structure (positive, negative, anxiety). When the items of CDSS were added to the PANSS items, total number of factors increased to 4 with depression emerging as a separate factor...
October 23, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108398/blockade-of-p75-neurotrophin-receptor-reverses-irritability-and-anxiety-related-behaviors-in-a-rat-model-of-status-epilepticus
#13
Soraya Mehrabi, Mahyar Janahamdi, Mohammad Taghi Joghataie, Mahmood Barati, Mohsen Marzban, Mahmoudreza Hadjighassem, Maryam Farahmandfar
Background: Many recent epidemiological studies have shown that epileptic patients are more likely suffer from depression, anxiety, and irritability. However, the cellular mechanisms of epilepsy-induced psychotic behaviors are not fully elucidated. Neurotrophin receptors have been suggested to be involved in epilepsy and also in psychiatric disorders. Up-regulation of p75NTR expression and activation of p75NTR signalling cascades after the seizure have been shown, but the role of the p75 receptor in epilepsy-induced psychotic behaviors has not been documented so far...
November 7, 2017: Iranian Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104547/systemic-therapy-for-youth-at-clinical-high-risk-for-psychosis-a-pilot-study
#14
Jingyu Shi, Lu Wang, Yuhong Yao, Chenyu Zhan, Na Su, Xudong Zhao
Psychosocial intervention trials for youth at clinical high risk (CHR) for psychosis have shown promising effects on treating psychotic symptoms but have not focused on psychosocial functional outcomes, and those studies have been conducted among help-seeking patients; there is a lack of research on non-clinical young CHR individuals. Systemic therapy (ST) is grounded in systemic-constructivist and psychosocial resilience theories. It has a number of advantages that makes it attractive for use with CHR individuals in non-clinical context...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080591/the-effect-of-cognitive-behavioral-interventions-on-depression-and-anxiety-symptoms-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Sandra M Opoka, Tania M Lincoln
Depression and anxiety are prominent comorbid disorders in psychosis and relevant to psychotic symptom formation and maintenance. This poses the question of whether psychological interventions are effective in improving symptoms of depression and anxiety in patients with psychosis. A systematic review of the literature identified 14 studies evaluating a broad range of interventions targeting depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorder in patients with psychosis. The reviewed studies support the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral interventions in improving the target symptoms...
December 2017: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077138/-respect-a-decade-of-flemish-dutch-ect-research
#16
P Sienaert, M L Stek, H Comijs, F -L de Winter, A Dols, P Eikelenboom, L Emsell, K H Kho, R M Kok, J Obbels, M L Oudega, D Rhebergen, M Vandenbulcke, O A van den Heuvel, E van Exel, K Vansteelandt, E Verwijk, F Bouckaert, H P Spaans
BACKGROUND: There is increasing clinical and scientific interest in electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). AIM: To provide an overview of the main research findings of the Flemish-Dutch research consortium ResPECT. METHOD: We report on our review of the relevant literature. RESULTS: Our studies confirm that ECT is one of the most efficient treatments for depression in later life and for depression with psychotic features. Older people with age-related brain pathology can respond well to ECT...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076286/social-inclusion-and-its-interrelationships-with-social-cognition-and-social-functioning-in-first-episode-psychosis
#17
Andrew Gardner, Sue M Cotton, Kelly Allott, Kate M Filia, Robert Hester, Eóin Killackey
AIM: People with psychosis are at risk of social exclusion. Research is needed in this area due to the lack of direct measurement of social inclusion, which becomes salient in adolescence and is relevant to first-episode psychosis (FEP; the onset of which typically occurs during or shortly after adolescence). Social inclusion may be impacted by impaired social cognition and social functioning, which are related features observed in psychosis. The aim of this study was to explore interrelationship(s) between social cognition, social functioning and social inclusion in FEP while controlling for symptomatology (positive, negative and depressive symptoms) and demographic characteristics...
October 27, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068794/results-from-a-drug-utilization-study-of-extended-release-quetiapine-fumarate-prescribed-by-psychiatrists-as-treatment-for-major-depressive-disorder-in-selected-countries-in-the-european-union
#18
Robert S Brody, Charles L Liss, Heather Wray, Kari Kastango, Allison Bryant, Alban Fabre, Anneli Thuresson
This multicenter, observational drug utilization (DU) study (NCT01594996) investigated the profile of patients and specialist providers who prescribed extended release quetiapine fumarate (quetiapine XR) for treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD) across five European countries (Germany, Italy, Romania, Spain, and Sweden). A DU data abstraction form captured information on the characteristics of physicians, patients, and drugs utilized in the medical management of depressive episodes in MDD, where the therapeutic regimen included quetiapine XR...
October 24, 2017: International Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061438/symptom-profile-of-catatonia-in-children-and-adolescents-admitted-to-psychiatry-inpatient-unit
#19
Sandeep Grover, Nidhi Chauhan, Akhilesh Sharma, Subho Chakrabarti, Ajit Avasthi
AIM: To study the symptom profile of catatonia in children and adolescents. METHODOLOGY: Treatment records of all the inpatients aged (≤19 years) were reviewed for the period January 2005 to January 2017. Patients with catatonia (diagnosed as having at least two symptoms as per the Bush Francis Catatonia Rating scale) were included. RESULTS: During the study period, data was available for 52 children and adolescent. The mean age of the sample was 16...
October 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055569/the-association-between-changes-in-depression-anxiety-and-trajectories-of-psychotic-like-experiences-over-a-year-in-adolescence
#20
Syudo Yamasaki, Satoshi Usami, Ryo Sasaki, Shinsuke Koike, Shuntaro Ando, Yuko Kitagawa, Misato Matamura, Masako Fukushima, Hiromi Yonehara, Jerome Clifford Foo, Atsushi Nishida, Tsukasa Sasaki
BACKGROUND: Recent cross-sectional studies suggest that psychotic-like experiences (PLEs) are associated with depression and anxiety in adolescents. While longitudinal studies have observed that adolescents suffer more severe symptoms of depression/anxiety when PLEs persist, it remains unclear whether depression/anxiety worsens or improves with PLE emergence or remission, respectively. In this prospective school-based study, we investigated the association between longitudinal changes in depression/anxiety and one-year PLE trajectories in adolescence...
October 18, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
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