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psychotic depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351714/-prevalence-and-phenomenology-of-psychotic-like-symptoms-in-borderline-personality-disorders-associations-with-suicide-attempts-and-use-of-psychiatric-inpatient-treatment
#1
Katrin Schroeder, Anja Schätzle, Pauline Kowohl, Lisa Leske, Christian G Huber, Ingo Schäfer
BACKGROUND: Psychotic-like symptoms are found in a subgroup of borderline patients (BPD). Reported prevalence is heterogeneous (up to 50% affected). Investigations in Germany have not been conducted so far. Furthermore, the precise phenomenology of the psychotic symptoms and the effects on suicidal behavior and the use of inpatient psychiatric treatment are unclear. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate prevalence rates and phenomenology of psychotic-like symptoms...
January 19, 2018: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351402/poststroke-delusions-what-about-the-neuroanatomical-and-neurofunctional-basis
#2
Michele Torrisi, Rosaria De Luca, Patrizia Pollicino, Simona Leonardi, Silvia Marino, Giuseppa Maresca, Maria Grazia Maggio, Adriana Piccolo, Placido Bramanti, Rocco Salvatore Calabrò
Delusion is a belief about yourself, people, or events that has no accordance with reality. Although it is known that stroke could cause various psychiatric and psychological effects, including depression, anxiety, and aggressiveness, psychotic symptoms, especially delusions, are rather uncommon. The most investigated poststroke delusions are paranoid type, nihilistic, and Fregoli syndrome. We will describe two patients showing delusion symptoms (Cotard-like and erotomanic ones) that occurred after a stroke involving the right temporal lobe, the basal ganglia and insular region, persisting for a long period after the stroke onset...
January 19, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347967/data-quality-and-feasibility-of-the-experience-sampling-method-across-the-spectrum-of-severe-psychiatric-disorders-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Hugo Vachon, Aki Rintala, Wolfgang Viechtbauer, Inez Myin-Germeys
BACKGROUND: Due to a number of methodological advantages and theoretical considerations, more and more studies in clinical psychology research employ the Experience Sampling Method (ESM) as a data collection technique. Despite this growing interest, the absence of methodological guidelines related to the use of ESM has resulted in a large heterogeneity of designs while the potential effects of the design itself on the response behavior of the participants remain unknown. The objectives of this systematic review are to investigate the associations between the design characteristics and the data quality and feasibility of studies relying on ESM in severe psychiatric disorders...
January 18, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344344/acetylcholinesterase-inhibitors-in-treatment-resistant-psychotic-depression
#4
Chris Smart, Hamish McAllister-Williams, David Andrew Cousins
Dopamine receptor antagonists can be effective in psychotic depression but response is not assured. Visual hallucinations may arise from a dysregulation of brain cholinergic systems and acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (AChEIs) can treat such hallucinations in dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). AChEIs have been used in schizophrenia with some success but their efficacy and tolerability in psychotic depression is unclear. This striking case illustrates AChEIs specifically targeting multimodal hallucinations in treatment-resistant depression...
January 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341058/-takotsubo-cardiomyopathy-and-catatonia-in-a-patient-with-psychotic-depression
#5
W Kerkhof, K Abrahams, J Vandenberghe
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (tcmp) is an acute, reversible disruption of the left ventricular systolic function. In many respects the clinical presentation closely resembles acute coronary syndromes (myocardial infarction). tcmp is a syndrome with a pathophysiology that is not fully understood and which seems to be closely associated with psychiatric disorders or psychological problems. We present a case in which a patient with several risk factors developed a tcmp and a depression with psychotic features, followed by catatonia...
2018: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340780/health-related-quality-of-life-in-outpatients-with-schizophrenia-factors-that-determine-changes-over-time
#6
Cristina Domenech, Carlo Altamura, Corrado Bernasconi, Ricardo Corral, Helio Elkis, Jonathan Evans, Ashok Malla, Marie-Odile Krebs, Anna-Lena Nordstroem, Mathias Zink, Josep Maria Haro
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to analyze the clinical factors associated with changes in HRQoL in outpatients with schizophrenia using both generic and condition-specific HRQoL scales. METHODS: Adult outpatients with schizophrenia at least 18 years of age who did not have an acute psychotic exacerbation in the 3 months prior to baseline were recruited. PANSS dimensions were calculated based on Lindenmayer et al.'s five factors. HRQoL data were assessed by patients using the Schizophrenia Quality of Life Scale (SQLS), the Short Form-36 (SF-36), and the EuroQol-5 Dimension (EQ-5D) questionnaires...
January 16, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334659/serum-zinc-levels-in-acute-psychiatric-patients-a-case-series
#7
Peter Joe, Mara Getz, Samantha Redman, Matthew Petrilli, Thorsten Manfred Kranz, Samoon Ahmad, Dolores Malaspina
Zinc dysregulation is linked to neuropsychiatric disorders and a beneficial response to zinc supplementation has been demonstrated for depression. In this case series, we examined serum zinc levels with respect to clinical factors among 20 acutely ill psychiatric cases admitted to a large urban public hospital. The results showed frank clinical zinc insufficiency in a quarter of the subjects. Group-wise analyses showed a significant association between reduced serum zinc and diagnosis of depression, and reduced serum zinc in those with aggressive, assaultive, or violent behaviors...
January 6, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334657/relationship-of-obsessive-compulsive-symptoms-to-clinical-variables-and-cognitive-functions-in-individuals-at-ultra-high-risk-for-psychosis
#8
Ahmet Zihni Soyata, Selin Akışık, Damla İnhanlı, Handan Noyan, Alp Üçok
Few studies have investigated the relationship between obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCS) and clinical variables, and cognition in individuals at ultra high-risk (UHR) for psychosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of OCS and their relationship with clinical variables and cognitive functions in individuals at UHR. Eighty-four individuals at UHR for psychosis were administered the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale, the Yale-Brown Obsession Compulsion Symptom Check List and, the Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia...
January 6, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334645/co-morbid-depressive-disorder-is-associated-with-better-neurocognitive-performance-in-first-episode-schizophrenia-spectrum
#9
Sarah E Herniman, Sue M Cotton, Eóin Killackey, Robert Hester, Kelly A Allott
BACKGROUND: Both major depressive disorder (MDD) and first episode schizophrenia spectrum (FES) are associated with significant neurocognitive deficits. However, it remains unclear whether the neurocognitive deficits in individuals with FES are more severe if there is comorbid depressive disorder. The aim of this study was to compare the neurocognitive profiles between those with and without full-threshold depressive disorder in FES. METHOD: This study involved secondary analysis of baseline data from a randomized controlled trial of vocational intervention for young people with first-episode psychosis (N = 82; age range: 15-25 years)...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331930/sleep-quality-psychological-symptoms-and-psychotic-like-experiences
#10
Arielle Ered, Shanna Cooper, Lauren M Ellman
Poor sleep quality has been repeatedly linked to the entire psychosis continuum, including psychotic-like experiences (PLEs); however, sleep dysfunction is a component of several other psychopathologies that have also been linked to increased risk for PLEs, including depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). It has yet to be examined if PLEs are a significant risk factor for poor sleep quality or if this sleep dysfunction is better accounted for by comorbid psychopathology. In 2687 undergraduates, PLEs were evaluated using the positive items of the Prodromal Questionnaire...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329498/treatment-outcomes-of-acute-bipolar-depressive-episode-with-psychosis
#11
Marco Antonio Caldieraro, Steven Dufour, Louisa G Sylvia, Keming Gao, Terence A Ketter, William V Bobo, Samantha Walsh, Jessica Janos, Mauricio Tohen, Noreen A Reilly-Harrington, Susan L McElroy, Richard C Shelton, Charles L Bowden, Thilo Deckersbach, Andrew A Nierenberg
BACKGROUND: The impact of psychosis on the treatment of bipolar depression is remarkably understudied. The primary aim of this study was to compare treatment outcomes of bipolar depressed individuals with and without psychosis. The secondary aim was to compare the effect of lithium and quetiapine, each with adjunctive personalized treatments (APTs), in the psychotic subgroup. METHODS: We assessed participants with DSM-IV bipolar depression included in a comparative effectiveness study of lithium and quetiapine with APTs (the Bipolar CHOICE study)...
January 12, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327166/loneliness-in-psychosis-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Michelle H Lim, John F M Gleeson, Mario Alvarez-Jimenez, David L Penn
PURPOSE: The aim of the review is to understand the relationships between loneliness and related psychological and social factors in individuals with psychosis. Loneliness is poorly understood in people with psychosis. Given the myriad of social challenges facing individuals with psychosis, these findings can inform psychosocial interventions that specifically target loneliness in this vulnerable group. METHODS: We adhered to the PRISMA guidelines and systematically reviewed empirical studies that measured loneliness either as a main outcome or as an associated variable in individuals with psychosis...
January 11, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321530/the-effect-of-raloxifene-augmentation-in-men-and-women-with-a-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Janna de Boer, Merel Prikken, Wan U Lei, Marieke Begemann, Iris Sommer
Recognizing the robust sex differences in schizophrenia prevalence, the selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) raloxifene is a likely candidate for augmentation therapy in this disorder. Therefore, a systematic search was performed using PubMed (Medline), Embase, PsychInfo, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Randomized controlled trials investigating the effect of raloxifene in schizophrenia spectrum disorders were included in the quantitative analyses. Outcome measures were psychotic symptom severity, depression, and cognition...
January 10, 2018: NPJ Schizophrenia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317606/corticotropin-releasing-factor-1-receptor-haplotype-and-cognitive-features-of-major-depression
#14
REVIEW
Elena Goetz Davis, Jennifer Keller, Joachim Hallmayer, Heather Ryan Pankow, Greer M Murphy, Ian H Gotlib, Alan F Schatzberg
Corticotropin-releasing factor signaling through CRF receptor type 1 (CRF1) has been shown to contribute to learning and memory function. A haplotype of alleles T-A-T in a set of common polymorphisms in the gene encoding for CRF1 (CRHR1) has been associated with both depression vulnerability and alterations in cognitive functioning. The present study investigated the relations between the TAT haplotype and specific symptoms of depression, self-reported ruminative behaviors, and neuropsychological performance on a learning and memory task...
January 10, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316520/psychosocial-functioning-in-patients-with-psychotic-and-non-psychotic-bipolar-i-disorder-a-comparative-study-with-individuals-with-schizophrenia
#15
Estela Jiménez-López, Eva María Sánchez-Morla, Ana Isabel Aparicio, Ana López-Villarreal, Vicente Martínez-Vizcaíno, Roberto Rodriguez-Jimenez, Eduard Vieta, José Luis Santos
BACKGROUND: More than 50% of individuals with bipolar disorder (BD) do not reach full psychosocial functioning, even during periods of euthymia. It has been suggested that history of psychotic symptoms is one of the factors which are associated with a worse functional outcome. The objective was to compare psychosocial functioning between patients with BD, with (BD-P), and without (BD-NP) a history of psychotic symptoms, and to examine whether the history of psychotic symptoms, or other clinical or neurocognitive variables predict psychosocial functioning...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314591/relationship-between-metacognitive-beliefs-and-psychosocial-performance-in-at-risk-states-of-psychosis-and-patients-with-first-psychotic-episodes
#16
Martin Brüne, Kim-Alisha Drommelschmidt, Seza Krüger-Özgürdal, Georg Juckel
AIMS: Improving diagnostic batteries to identify individuals at-risk for developing psychotic disorders as early as possible is an ongoing challenge in schizophrenia research. Here, we sought to explore whether metacognition in at-risk of developing psychosis would differ from that of first episode psychosis and unaffected controls and whether dysfunctional metacognitive beliefs would be associated with psychosocial functioning in the clinical groups. METHODS: Twenty-three subjects at-risk of psychosis were compared with a group of 15 first psychotic episode patients and 21 healthy controls with regard to their metacognitive beliefs and psychosocial functioning...
January 4, 2018: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310919/increased-complications-for-schizophrenia-and-bipolar-disorder-patients-undergoing-total-joint-arthroplasty
#17
Michael M Kheir, You Na P Kheir, Timothy L Tan, Colin T Ackerman, Alexander J Rondon, Antonia F Chen
BACKGROUND: Although it has been shown that anxiety and depression are associated with increased complications after total joint arthroplasty (TJA), the outcomes of TJA in patients with a history of psychosis are unknown. This study evaluated the influence of bipolar and schizophrenic disorders on complications after TJA, particularly aseptic and septic revisions. METHODS: A retrospective review of 156 TJAs (125 primaries and 31 revisions) was performed at a single institution from 2000 to 2015...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310066/is-recurrence-in-major-depressive-disorder-related-to-bipolarity-and-mixed-features-results-from-the-bridge-ii-mix-study
#18
Lorenzo Mazzarini, Georgios D Kotzalidis, Daria Piacentino, Salvatore Rizzato, Jules Angst, Jean-Michel Azorin, Charles L Bowden, Sergey Mosolov, Allan H Young, Eduard Vieta, Paolo Girardi, Giulio Perugi
BACKGROUND: Current classifications separate Bipolar (BD) from Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) based on polarity rather than recurrence. We aimed to determine bipolar/mixed feature frequency in a large MDD multinational sample with (High-Rec) and without (Low-Rec) >3 recurrences, comparing the two subsamples. METHODS: We measured frequency of bipolarity/hypomanic features during current depressive episodes (MDEs) in 2347 MDD patients from the BRIDGE-II-mix database, comparing High-Rec with Low-Rec...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306936/remote-healing-of-bipolar-disorder-eating-disorder-not-otherwise-specified-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-fibromyalgia-and-irritable-bowel-syndrome-through-lifestyle-change
#19
Kelly Brogan
This case report illustrates the relationship between gut, hormonal, and brain function in that dietary change, mindfulness interventions, and detoxification led to resolution of disabling psychiatric symptoms. In this case, a single Caucasian female resolved her symptoms of bipolar disorder (BD) including psychotic features and suicidality, posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms from childhood torture, disordered eating, fibromyalgia, and irritable bowel syndrome through lifestyle interventions. This patient survived a severe trauma history only to develop alcohol dependence, disordered eating, and depressive symptoms, which were treated with a polypharmaceutical psychiatric approach...
October 2017: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278295/subjective-quality-of-life-in-recent-onset-of-psychosis-patients-and-its-association-with-sociodemographic-variables-psychotic-symptoms-and-clinical-personality-traits
#20
Julia Sevilla-Llewellyn-Jones, Pablo Cano-Domínguez, Antonia de-Luis-Matilla, Alberto Espina-Eizaguirre, Berta Moreno-Kustner, Susana Ochoa
AIM: There is lack of research on the study of clinical personality traits in recent onset of psychosis (ROP) patients. The aims of this research were to study the relations among psychosocial, personality and clinical characteristics in ROP patients and also the effect that significant variables had on the different domains of Quality of Life (QoL). METHODS: Data for these analyses were obtained from 81 ROP patients. The Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory, the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale and the World Health Organization Quality of Life Brief Scale were used to assess personality, symptoms and QoL...
December 26, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
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